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Encyclopedia > Doll
Look up doll in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

A doll is a child's toy that represents a baby or other human being, but includes likenesses of animals and imaginary creatures. Dolls have been around since the dawn of human civilization, and have been fashioned from a vast array of materials, ranging from stone, clay, wood, bone, cloth and paper, to porcelain, china, rubber and plastic. The word doll can mean: Look up doll in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ...

A porcelain doll from the Czech Republic
A porcelain doll from the Czech Republic

While dolls have traditionally been toys for children, they are also collected by adults, for their nostalgic value, beauty, historical importance or financial value. In ancient times, dolls were used as representations of a deity, and played a central role in religious ceremonies and rituals. Lifelike or anatomically correct dolls are used by health professionals, medical schools and social workers to train doctors and nurses in various health procedures or investigate cases of sexual abuse of children. Artists sometimes use jointed wooden mannequins in drawing the human figure. Action figures representing superheroes and their predecessors, action dolls[1], are particularly popular among boys. Baby dolls, paper dolls, talking dolls, fashion dolls - the list is almost endless. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 410 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (547 × 800 pixel, file size: 341 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Gila Brand Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 410 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (547 × 800 pixel, file size: 341 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Gila Brand Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version... A teddy bear A toy is an object used in play. ... For other uses, see Child (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Contents

History

Archaeological evidence places dolls as foremost candidate for oldest known toy, having been found in Egyptian tombs which date to as early as 2000 BC. In Egypt, as well as Greece and Rome, it was common to find them in the graves of children. Most were made of wood, although pottery dolls were buried with children from wealthier families. Dolls with movable limbs and removable clothing date back to 200 BCE. For referencing in Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Citing sources. ... A teddy bear A toy is an object used in play. ... For the New York prison see The Tombs. ... (4th millennium BC - 3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC) Events 2112 BC — 2095 BC — Sumerian campaigns of Ur-Nammu. ...


Europe later became the center of dollmaking. In the United States, dollmaking became an industry in the 1860s, after the Civil War. [2] The development of plastics after World War II led to the manufacture of new types of dolls and brought down their price. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Dolls have featured in modern art and fine art photography, notably in surrealist works. The "evil doll" has been a feature of horror literature, horror films and animation since the 1950s.[citation needed] Max Ernst. ...


Materials

Dolls over the ages have been made from every conceivable material: bisque, celluloid, china, clay, cloth, corn husks, paper, plastic, polymer clay, porcelain, resin, rubber, vinyl, wax, wood, bone, ivory, papier-mâché, leather etc. Bisque is a fired piece (bisquette) of unglazed clay used to make pottery, figurines, dolls, knickknacks, ornaments etc. ... Celluloid is the name of a class of compounds created from nitrocellulose and camphor, plus dyes and other agents, generally regarded to be the first thermoplastic. ... For other uses, see Clay (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Textile be merged into this article or section. ... The term husk is mostly used to refer to the leafy outer covering of an ear of maize (corn) as it grows on the plant. ... For other uses, see Paper (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Plastic (disambiguation). ... Polymer clay is a sculptable material based on the polymer polyvinyl chloride. ... “Fine China” redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Chemical structure of the vinyl functional group. ... candle wax This page is about the substance. ... For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ... This article is about the skeletal organs. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Papier-mâché around a form such as a balloon to create a pig. ... For other uses, see Leather (disambiguation). ...


Doll hospitals

Repair and restoration of antique and other dolls is carried out at doll hospitals, many of which have been operating for decades.[3][4] Henri Launay, who has been repairing dolls at his shop in northeast Paris for 43 years, says he has restored over 30,000 dolls in the course of his career. Most of the clients are not children, but adults in their 50s and 60s.


Collectors' items

Antique dolls have become collector's items. Nineteeth-century bisque dolls made by French manufacturers such as Bru and Jumeau may be worth almost $22,000 today. [5] Sporting event give-away bobblehead dolls and action figures from McFarlane Toys have also become popular collector's items.


Dolls as art

Dolls have always been created as folk art in cultures around the globe, and in the 20th century, dolls began to be accepted as high art. Artist Hans Bellmer made surrealistic dolls that had interchangable limbs in 1930s and 1940s Germany as opposition to the Nazi party's idolization of a perfect Aryan body.[citation needed] East Village artist Greer Lankton became famous in the 1980s for her theatrical window displays using lifesize dolls and took the art of doll making to a new level, creating distressed, drug addicted, anorexic and mutant dolls charged with an edgy sexuality.[citation needed] La Poupée, by Hans Bellmer, currently located at the Centre Georges Pompidou, museum of modern art in Paris, France. ... Max Ernst. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... East Village Also known as Newmyers Seven Nuts, named for its inventor Chris Newmyer, East Village is a community card poker game. ... Greer Lankton (1958-1996) was an American artist, whose work was dedicated to creating life-like, posable dolls and figures. ...


Famous types of dolls

Zarbon action figure from Dragon Ball Z made by Bandai An action figure is a posable plastic figurine of a character, often from a movie, comic book, video game, or television program. ... For other uses, see American Girl. ... A Super Dollfie ball-jointed doll: Nono 10, Juniper. ... Betsy Wetsy was a doll created by the Ideal Toy Company of New York, starting in the 1950s. ... Blythe ) (pronounced blithe or like the bli sound in blind) is a doll created in 1972 by designer Allison Katzman with the now-defunct American toy company Kenner. ... A bobblehead doll of Chicken Little. ... Two Cabbage Patch Kids dolls Cabbage Patch Kids are a brand of doll created by Xavier Roberts in 1978. ... A celebrity doll is a doll modelled after a celebrity. ... Chatty Cathy was a doll manufactured by the Mattel Inc. ... Cindy Smart is the first doll in the world to be able to read, tell the time and do sums [1]. Created in 2003 by Bob Del Principe, Cindy Smart uses a camera on her overalls and a computer to read words (on a flashcard for instance). ... Uneeda Dollikins originally came out as large Cissy-sized dolls. ... Fashion dolls are typically small dolls (often 12. ... Information Occupation See: Barbies careers Family See: List of Barbies friends and family Created by Ruth Handler Barbie is a best-selling fashion doll launched in 1959. ... Ken (Ken Carson) is a toy doll in Mattels Barbie line of fashion dolls. ... For the Norwegian politician, see Jens-Halvard Bratz. ... Pullip is a doll created by the Korean company Chunsang Chunha and marketed by JUN Planning of Japan. ... Sindy is a British doll for girls. ... Gigi is either a baby doll made by Zapf Creations in Germany or an original walking doll made by A&H. There has also occasionally been a doll line thats been named Gigi though not with the popularity of the others. ... Uptons Golliwogg and friends in The Adventures of two Dutch Dolls And A Golliwogg, published in 1895. ... Long before the emergence of the large toy conglomerates of the twentieth century, the Maison Jumeau of Montreuil-sous-Bois near Paris had an international reputation for fine quality dolls. ... Rose ONeill and her patented dolls, mid 1910s. ... Kokeshi dolls Kokeshi (jap. ... My Child dolls are a toy made by Mattel from 1986-1988. ... Fizzy and Galaxy, the unicorns from the My Little Pony animated series My Little Pony is a line of colorful toy ponies marketed primarily to young girls and produced by the toy manufacturer Hasbro. ... Paper dolls are cut-out figures with separate clothes usually held on with folding tabs. ... For other uses, see Pinocchio (disambiguation). ... Raggedy Ann meets Raggedy Andy for the first time; illustrated by Johnny Gruelle Raggedy Ann is a fictional character created by writer Johnny Gruelle (1880-1938) in a series of books he wrote and illustrated for young children. ... Raggedy Ann is a fictional character created by writer Johnny Gruelle (1880-1938) in a series of books he wrote and illustrated for young children. ... This article is about the American Greetings character and franchise. ... For other uses, see Teddy bear (disambiguation). ... Troll dolls, originally known as Leprocauns and also known as Dam dolls, Wishniks, Treasure Trolls, and Norfins, became one of Americas biggest toy fads beginning in the autumn of 1963, and lasting throughout 1965. ... Category: ... African Dolls African dolls across the continent are created for young girls to play with and as a charm to insure fertility in women. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Hopi Kachina Dolls The Hopi use Kachina dolls to embody the characteristics of the Kachinas, the powerful spirits of earth, sky and water. ... Inuit dolls are made out of soapstone and bone, materials common to the people of northern Alaska. ... Momotaro (bisque doll) Daruma Kuroda bushi (Hakata ningyo) There are many types of traditional dolls in Japan. ... Momotaro (gofun doll) Daruma Kuroda bushi (Hakata ningyo) Traditional dolls in Japan are known by the name of ningyo, which means human figure in Japanese. ... Kachina dolls in the Heard Museum in Phoenix, Arizona Kachinas (also spelled Katsina, the plural katsinam) exist in Hopi and in Pueblo cosmology and religious practices. ... This article is about the Russian doll. ... The Russian Dolls (French:Les Poupées russes) is a 2005 French-British film directed by Cédric Klapisch. ... A large sequined voodoo banner by the artist George Valris The term Voodoo (Vodun in Benin; also Vodou or other phonetically equivalent spellings in Haiti; Vudu in the Dominican Republic) is applied to the branches of a West African ancestor-based Theist-Animist religious tradition. ... Worry dolls, or trouble dolls, are very small dolls made in Guatemala. ...

Festivals and Exhibits

  • Hinamatsuri (Japanese doll festival)

Seven-tiered Hina doll set The Japanese Doll Festival ), or Girls Day, is held March 3, the third day of the third month. ...

Doll museums and collections

The Istanbul Toy Museum (Turkish: İstanbul Oyuncak Müzesi) is a small museum that dedicated to toys. ...

See also

For preserved dead animals, see taxidermy. ... Simpich Character Dolls is a famed dollmaker and home-workshop employer in Colorado Springs, Colorado. ...

References

  1. ^ New York Times article
  2. ^ A History of Dolls
  3. ^ Doll Hospital - Restoration and Repair
  4. ^ Home
  5. ^ Henri Launay, French doctor to dolls - International Herald Tribune

History of paper dolls - http://www.opdag.com/History.html


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Dolls
  • The Canadian Museum of Civilization - The Story of Dolls in Canada
  • Dolls at World Collectors Net Dolls histories, features on collecting, and collectible Dolls discussion
  • Project An exposition around dolls & automats
  • Dolls Around the World Museum of International Folk Art website
  • Poupées Pascaline French collection dolls
  • Miss Yamaguchi Torei Ningyo (Doll of Gratitude) Museum of International Folk Art websit
  • United Federation of Doll Clubs
  • National Institute of American Doll Artist NIADA
  • Société Française de Fabrication de Bébés et Jouets
  • Dolls. Childhood. Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved on 2007-07-23.
Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Société Française de Fabrication de Bébés et Jouets was a large doll making consortium founded in France by the union of a number of major French doll companies including Jumeau (see Jumeau Dolls) and Bru and the Franco-German doll company Fleischmann and Bloedel in... The Victoria and Albert Museum (often abbreviated as the V&A) in London is the worlds largest and finest museum of decorative arts and design, housing a permanent collection of over 4. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

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