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Encyclopedia > Doha
Doha
الدوحة
West Bay
Location of Doha within Qatar.
Location of Doha within Qatar.
Country Qatar
Municipality Ad Dawhah
Established 1850
Area
 - City 132 km² (51 sq mi)
Population (2004)[1]
 - City 339,847
 - Density 2,574/km² (6,690/sq mi)
 - Metro 612,707
Time zone AST (UTC+3)

Doha (Arabic: الدوحة, transliteration: Ad-Dawḥah or Ad-Dōḥah) is the capital city of Qatar. With a population of 400,051 according to the 2005 census,[citation needed] it is located in the Ad Dawhah municipality on the Persian Gulf (25.3° N 51.5333° E). Doha is Qatar's largest city, with over 80% of the nation's population residing in Doha or its surrounding suburbs, and is the economic center of the country. Doha is home to the Education City, an area devoted to research and education. Doha is the capital city of Qatar. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 571 pixelsFull resolution (1152 × 822 pixel, file size: 247 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) West Bay in Doha, Qatar, seen from across Doha Bay File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other... Image File history File links Qatar-Ad_Dawhah. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Qatar is divided into 10 municipalities (baladiyah): Ad Dawhah Al Ghuwariyah Al Jumaliyah Al Khawr Al Wakrah Ar Rayyan Jariyan al Batnah Ash Shamal Umm Salal Mesaieed Sources http://www. ... Doha (Arabic: الدوحة;, Ad-Dawhah) (population 370,000) is the capital of Qatar, located on the Persian Gulf. ... For the game, see: 1850 (board game) 1850 (MDCCCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Arabic redirects here. ... Due to the fact that the Arabic language has a number of phonemes that have no equivalent in English or other European languages, a number of different transliteration methods have been invented to represent certain Arabic characters, due to various conflicting goals. ... Doha (Arabic: الدوحة;, Ad-Dawhah) (population 370,000) is the capital of Qatar, located on the Persian Gulf. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ... Education City, a compound of six US universities, is found in Doha, the capital city of Qatar. ...

Contents

History

In 1850, the city of Doha was founded under the name Al-Bida. The name "Doha" came from the Arabic ad-dawha, "the big tree." The reference is to a prominent tree that must have stood at the site where the original fishing village arose, on the eastern coast of the Qatar peninsula. In 1882, al Rayyan built the Al Wajbah fortress, in southwestern Doha. The following year, Sheikh Qassim led a Qatari army to victory against the Ottomans. Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... Rayyan Club (Arabic: نادي الريان) is a Qatari professional football (soccer) club that plays in the Qatar League. ... Ottoman redirects here. ...

The Emiri Diwan.
The Emiri Diwan.

The city was made capital of the British protectorate of Qatar in 1916, and when the nation gained independence in 1971, Doha remained the capital of Qatar. In 1917, the Al Kout fortress, which is located in the center of the city, was built by Sheikh Abdulla Bin Qassim Al-Thani. In 1949, oil exportation began in Qatar. Today the nation as a whole produces over 800 000 barrels of oil daily. In 1969, the Government House opened. Today it is considered to be Qatar's most prominent landmark. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1112x850, 448 KB) Summary Doha Palace in Qatar. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1112x850, 448 KB) Summary Doha Palace in Qatar. ... This article is about states protected and/or dominated by a foreign power. ... Synthetic motor oil For other uses, see Oil (disambiguation). ... Government House is the name given to some of the residences of Governors-General, Governors and Lieutenant-Governors in the Commonwealth and the former British Empire. ...


In 1973 the University of Qatar opened, and in 1975 the Qatar National Museum opened in what was originally the ruler's palace in 1912. The Al Jazeera Arabic satellite television news channel began broadcasting in 1996, with headquarters and broadcast center in Doha. Sheikh Hamad Bin Khalifa Al-Thani currently rules in what some consider to be Qatar's most beautiful city. The University of Qatar is a university in Qatar, located on the northern outskirts of the capital Doha. ... The entrance of the museum. ... Al Jazeera logo Al Jazeera (الجزيرة), meaning The Island or The (Arabian) Peninsula (whence also Algiers) is an Arabic television channel based in Qatar. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... Satellite television is television delivered by way of communications satellites, as compared to conventional terrestrial television and cable television. ... Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani became the Emir of the State of Qatar on June 26, 1995 after deposing his father, who was vacationing in Switzerland at the time. ...


Demographics

Doha's demographics are unusual as the majority of residents in the city are expatriates, with Qatari nationals forming a minority. The largest portion of expatriates in Qatar are from South Asian countries, with large amounts of expatriates also coming from the Levant Arab countries and East Asia. Doha is also home to expatriates from the United States, South Africa, United Kingdom, Norway, and many other countries. An expatriate (in abbreviated form expat) is someone temporarily or permanently in a country and culture other than that of their upbringing and/or legal residence. ... The Levant The Levant (IPA: ) is an imprecise geographical term historically referring to a large area in the Middle East south of the Taurus Mountains, bounded by the Mediterranean Sea on the west, and by the northern Arabian Desert and Upper Mesopotamia to the east. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ...


In the past, expatriates in Qatar were not allowed to own land; however, now people who are not Qatari citizens can buy land in several areas of Doha, including the West Bay Lagoon, the Qatar Pearl and the new Lusail City. Ownership by foreigners in Qatar entitles them to a renewable residency permit, which allows them to live and work in Qatar. West Bay Lagoon, sometimes called Qutaifiya Lagoon, is a private beach-front residential upscale compound. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Lusail City is the newest city in Qatar. ...


Economy

Buildings near the Doha Corniche
Buildings near the Doha Corniche

Much of Qatar's oil and natural gas wealth is visible in Doha, which is the economical centre of Qatar. Doha is home to the headquarters of the country's largest oil and gas companies, including Qatar Petroleum, Qatargas and RasGas. Doha's economy is built on the revenue the country has made from its oil and natural gas industries, and the Qatari government is rapidly trying to diversify the Qatari economy in order to move away from this dependence on oil. As a result, Doha is currently experiencing a very large boom, with the city developing very rapidly - this is mostly the result of Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa's modernization program. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 625 KB) Summary Modern Structures in Qatars oil rich capital Doha. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 625 KB) Summary Modern Structures in Qatars oil rich capital Doha. ... Qatar Petroleum is an oil and gas company in Qatar. ... Qatargas is a natural gas company in Qatar. ... RasGas Company Limited is a liquefied natural gas (LNG) producing company in Qatar. ... Synthetic motor oil For other uses, see Oil (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ... Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani became the Emir of the State of Qatar on June 26, 1995 after deposing his father, who was vacationing in Switzerland at the time. ...


Like the nearby city of Dubai in the United Arab Emirates, Doha's economy is moving away from its dependency on the oil and natural gas industries, although unlike Dubai, Doha's main focus is not tourism. Doha is seeing huge amounts of growth, with the population of the city increasing by more than 60,000 between 2004 and 2006; this has caused a boom in the real estate sector, with real estate prices skyrocketing [citation needed]. According to the BBC as of late January 2007, Doha is now a more expensive city than Dubai in terms of real estate prices. This rate of growth has led to projects such as the Lusail City project, which is being constructed north of Doha and will eventually house 200,000 people. Construction is also booming in Doha, a result of increasing corporate and commercial activity in Doha; this is most visible with the changing skyline of the city, as Doha has over 50 towers currently being constructed, the largest of those being the Dubai Towers. While 39 new hotels are joining Qatar's booming tourism market, adding about 9,000 new rooms by 2009. Coordinates: , Emirate Government  - Emir Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Area [1]  - Metro 4,114 km² (1,588. ... Synthetic motor oil For other uses, see Oil (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... Lusail City is the newest city in Qatar. ... Dubai Towers - Doha is a 445 meter mixed-use skyscraper being constructed in Doha, Qatar. ...


Education

Doha is home to Qatar University, established in 1973, as well as several other universities located in Doha's Education City. Education City is home to campuses of several well-known universities, including Georgetown University, The Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University, Virginia Commonwealth University, Texas A&M University, Northwestern University and Carnegie Mellon University. [2] In addition, the University of Calgary operates a campus here for its world-class nursing program. Doha is also home to many international schools established for its expatriate communities, with dozens of different private schools currently operating in the city. Education has been a big focus of the Qatari government which has led to the development of organizations such as the Qatar Foundation, which operates Education City. There are many elementary and secondary schools in Doha including Qatar Academy, Qatar International School, The American School of Doha, Doha College, and The Qatar Canadian School. Qatar University (Arabic: جامعة قطر; transliterated: Jamiat Qatar) is a university in Qatar, located on the northern outskirts of the capital Doha. ... Education City, a compound of six US universities, is found in Doha, the capital city of Qatar. ... Georgetown University is an elite private research university located in Georgetown, Washington, D.C., United States. ... The Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University, formerly named the Joan and Sanford I. Weill Medical College of Cornell University and abbreviated to Weill Cornell, is the medical school and biomedical research unit of Cornell University. ... Cornell redirects here. ... Virginia Commonwealth University, or VCU, is a large public American research university with its main campuses located in downtown Richmond, Virginia. ... Texas A&M University redirects here. ... Northwestern University (NU) is a selective private, nonsectarian, coeducational research university with campuses located in Evanston, Illinois and downtown Chicago, Illinois. ... Carnegie Mellon University is a private research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. ... Arch marking south entrance to campus during the winter. ... The Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development is a private, chartered, nonprofit organization in State of Qatar, founded in 1995 by His Highness Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani, Emir of Qatar. ... Education City, a compound of six US universities, is found in Doha, the capital city of Qatar. ...

Doha
Doha

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1125x738, 945 KB)Source: [1], Detailed Copyright-Information: [2] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1125x738, 945 KB)Source: [1], Detailed Copyright-Information: [2] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Architecture

Same as most of the rich Middle East cities, Doha is going through a huge construction boom. The city has been inviting international architectural firms to design the new buildings. New projects in Doha features:

  • Doha Villa by Kathyrn Findlay
  • Qatar Sports Tower
  • Weill Cornell Building
  • Museum of Islamic Art

Sports

Doha is home to a number of sports stadiums, many of which were renovated in preparation for the 15th Asian Games, held in December 2006, which Doha spent $2.8 billion for preparation. Doha also hosted the 3rd West Asian Games in December 2005. Doha is also expected to host the 2011 Asian Indoor Games; Doha will also host the finals for the 2011 AFC Asian Cup. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x681, 244 KB) (All user names refer to en. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x681, 244 KB) (All user names refer to en. ... Overview of the Sports City during the 2006 Asian Games Opening Ceremony The Sports City is a sporting complex located in the Al Waab district of Doha, Qatar which contains several sporting venues, mostly constructed in preparation for the 2006 Asian Games. ... Firework display at the opening ceremony of the 15th Asian Games at the Kalifa Stadium in Doha The 15th Asian Games Opening Ceremony was held in Doha, Qatar on December 1 marking the start of the 2006 Asian Games. ... The 15th Asian Games, officially known as the XV Asiad, is Asias Olympic-style sporting event that was held in Doha, Qatar from December 1 to December 15, 2006. ... The West Asian Games were first organised in Tehran, Iran and were considered the first of their kind. ... Categories: | | ... The Asian Football Confederations 2011 Asian Cup finals will be the 15th time the tournament to be held. ...


Sports venues in Doha and its suburbs include:

Jet ski riders, a common view at Doha corniche during evenings
Jet ski riders, a common view at Doha corniche during evenings

ASPIRE Academy, launched in 2004, is a sports academy which aims to create world-class athletes. It is situated in the Sports City Complex, which also includes the Khalifa International Stadium, the Hamad Aquatic Centre and the Aspire Tower. Al-Ahly Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Doha, Qatar. ... Al-Gharrafa Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Doha, Qatar. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Grand Hamad Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Doha, Qatar. ... Hamad Aquatic Centre is a large swimming pool complex in Doha, Qatar. ... Khalifa Stadium Khalifa International Stadium (Arabic: ستاد خليفة الدولي) is a multi-use stadium in Doha, Qatar. ... Qatar SC Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Doha, Qatar. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 683 pixel, file size: 197 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photograph By Shahin Olakara(www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 683 pixel, file size: 197 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photograph By Shahin Olakara(www. ... Overview of the Sports City during the 2006 Asian Games Opening Ceremony The Sports City is a sporting complex located in the Al Waab district of Doha, Qatar which contains several sporting venues, mostly constructed in preparation for the 2006 Asian Games. ... The Aspire Tower is a 318 meter structure located in the Sports City complex in Doha, Qatar. ...


The MotoGP motorcycling grand prix of Doha is held annually at Losail International Circuit, located just north of the city. Grand Prix motorcycle racing refers to the premier categories of motorcycle road racing. ... Losail International Circuit is a motor racing circuit located just outside Doha in the Persian Gulf State of Qatar Built in just under a year by 1000 workers at the cost of $USD58million, the track opened in 2004 to the inaugural Marlboro Grand Prix of Qatar, won by Sete Gibernau...


Doha has submitted a bid for the 2016 Olympics. [3] The 2016 Summer Olympics, formally called the Games of the XXXI Olympiad, will be an international athletic event that has yet to be organized by the International Olympic Committee. ...


Transport

Roads

The Mowasalat transportation company recently introduced of a new bus system in Doha. The bus system covers many areas of the city, and there are stops throughout the city. The bus system is mainly used by lower-income groups, and does not attract many from the higher-income groups in the city, which has resulted in increased congestion on the roads of Doha, as most people prefer cars. Autobus redirects here. ... “Car” and “Cars” redirect here. ...


Doha also has a large taxi system. For specific countries see Taxicabs around the world. ...

An example of planned upgrades to Doha's infrastructure.

Doha is facing a tremendous problem with respect to congestion on its roads - despite attempts at introducing public transport to relieve congestion, the city's main roads are unable to cope with the huge amount of traffic. The city has seen significant effort dedicated to improving its road system recently, with major intersections being constructed in high traffic areas and new intersections and highways being planned throughout the city. While this will alleviate the city's congestion problems in the long term, it has resulted in large amounts of traffic being diverted to already busy intersections. Many projects to relieve the traffic problems in the city have been introduced, and most of the busy intersections of the city are being upgraded to improve the flow of traffic. Image File history File links RayyanInterchange. ... Image File history File links RayyanInterchange. ...

Air

Doha International Airport is Qatar's only international airport. It is the hub of Qatar Airways, and it is served by many other international airlines. Because of the rapid growth in Qatar, and the rapid growth of Qatar Airways, many now consider the airport too small and unable to properly handle all of the traffic that goes through the airport. This problem was recently addressed with a large expansion that was made in anticipation of the 15th Asian Games. In order to accommodate increased traffic, the terminal was expanded. This temporarily eased the size problem, but because of its small size and limited space for expansion, this has not been enough to permanently solve the problem of the airport crowding. Doha International Airport (IATA: DOH, ICAO: OTBD) (Arabic: مطار الدوحة الدولى) is the only airport in Qatar. ... Qatar Airways (Arabic: القطرية) is the flag carrier airline of Qatar, based in Doha. ... Qatar Airways (Arabic: القطرية) is the flag carrier airline of Qatar, based in Doha. ... The 15th Asian Games, officially known as the XV Asiad, is Asias Olympic-style sporting event that was held in Doha, Qatar from December 1 to December 15, 2006. ...


A new airport, the New Doha International Airport, is being constructed near the existing airport, and should solve the problems the current airport has [4]. The first phase of the airport should finish in 2009, and will be able to accommodate 25 million passengers annually. Upon the completion of the third phase in 2015, the airport is expected to be able to handle up to 50 million passengers annually [5]. The total cost of the New Airport is $22 billion. New Doha International Airport is slated to replace the old Doha International Airport to it west as Qatars only airport in 2009. ...


Climate

Doha is situated in the Arabian Peninsula, and as such its climate is very hot. Temperatures average over 40 degrees Celsius (104°F) from May to September, and humidity is variable. Dewpoints can reach above 25 degrees Celsius in the summer. During the summer months, the city averages almost no precipitation, and less than an inch (25 mm) during other months.[6] Rainfall is scarce (average 70mm per year), falling on isolated days mostly between October to March. During cool winter nights the temperature can drop below 7 degrees Celsius. Arabia redirects here. ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ...


Gallery

See also

The November 2001 Doha Declaration reaffirmed flexibility of TRIPS member states in circumventing intellectual property rights for better access to essential medicines. ... The Doha Development Round of World Trade Organization negotiations aims to lower trade barriers around the world, permitting free trade between countries of varying prosperity. ... “WTO” redirects here. ...

References

  1. ^ Qatar 2004 Census
  2. ^ Information on Education City
  3. ^ Information on 2016 Olympic Games Bids
  4. ^ New Doha International Airport presents credentials at leading industry forum, AME Info, 2006-09-26
  5. ^ Information on the New Doha International Airport
  6. ^ Doha weather information

External links

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