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Encyclopedia > Doges of Venice
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Grand Procession of the Doge, 16th century

For some thousand years, the chief magistrate and leader of the Republic of Venice was the Doge (Duke). Doges of Venice were elected by the city-state's aristocracy. Commonly the person selected as Doge was the shrewdest elder in the city. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1724x2460, 483 KB) Summary Grand Procession of the Doge, Venice (Sixteenth Century). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1724x2460, 483 KB) Summary Grand Procession of the Doge, Venice (Sixteenth Century). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 347 KB) photo by Radomil 26. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 347 KB) photo by Radomil 26. ... Doges Palace The Doges Palace (Ital. ... The Most Serene Republic of Venice was a city-state in Venetia in Northeastern Italy, based around the city of Venice. ... Jump to: navigation, search The term duke is a title of nobility which refers to the sovereign male ruler of a Continental European duchy, to a nobleman of the highest grade of the British peerage, or to the highest rank of nobility in various other European countries, including Portugal, Spain...

Contents


Origins

In Venice the office of doge was first instituted about 700, replacing tribunes that had led the cluster of early settlements in the lagoon, according to the chronicler John the Deacon, author of the Chronicon Venetum ("Chronicle of Venice"), written about 1000 AD. Whether or not the first doges were technically local representatives of the Emperor at Constantinople, the doge like the Emperor held office for life and was similarly regarded as the ecclesiastical, the civil and the military leader, in the power structure termed caesaropapism. Jump to: navigation, search Location within Italy Venice (Italian: Venezia), the city of canals, is the capital of the region of Veneto and of the province of Venice, 45°26′ N 12°19′ E, population 271,663 (census estimate 2004-01-01). ... // Events Saint Adamnan convinces 51 kings to adopt Cáin Adomnáin defining the relationship between women and priests. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... // Events World Population 300 million. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centred at its capital in Constantinople. ... Caesaropapism is the phenomenon of combining the power of secular government with the spiritual authority of the Christian Church; most especially, the inter-penetration of the theological authority of the Christian Church with the legal/juridical authority of the government; in its extreme form, it is a political theory in...


Choosing of the Doge

The doge's prerogatives were not defined with precision, and though the position was entrusted to members of the inner circle of powerful Venetian families, after several doges had associated a son with themselves in the ducal office, this tendency towards a hereditary monarchy was checked by a law which decreed that no doge had the right to associate any member of his family with himself in his office, or to name his successor. After 1172 the election of the doge was finally entrusted to a committee of forty, who were chosen by four men selected from the Great Council, which was itself nominated annually by twelve persons. After a deadlocked tie at the election of 1229, the number of electors was increased from forty to forty-one. Events Duke Richard of Aquitaine becomes Duke of Poitiers. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events March 18 - Sixth Crusade of Emperor Frederick II ends in truce with Sultan al-Kamil and coronation of Frederick as King of Jerusalem. ...


New regulations for the elections of the doge introduced in 1268 remained in force until the end of the republic in 1797. Their object was to minimize as far as possible the influence of individual great families, and this was effected by a complex elective machinery. Thirty members of the Great Council, chosen by lot, were reduced by lot to nine; the nine chose forty and the forty were reduced by lot to twelve, who chose twenty-five. The twenty-five were reduced by lot to nine and the nine elected forty-five. Then the forty-five were once more reduced by lot to eleven, and the eleven finally chose the forty-one who actually elected the doge. Jump to: navigation, search For broader historical context, see 1260s and 13th century. ... 1797 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


When a new doge was chosen, before he took the oath of investiture he was presented to the people with the formula "This is your doge, if it please you," preserving the fiction that the people of Venice ratified the selection, yet in a real sense the doge was the highest servant of the greater community.


Regulations

While doges had great temporal power at first, after 1268, the doge was under strict surveillance: he must wait for other officials to be present before opening dispatches from foreign powers; he was forbidden to leave the city and was not allowed to possess any property in a foreign land. He was by law confined for the rest of his life to the Doge's Palace complex and the connected Basilica di San Marco (Compare with the podestà of other Italian republics who were confined by the term of their rules). Jump to: navigation, search For broader historical context, see 1260s and 13th century. ... Doges Palace The Doges Palace (Ital. ... Italian: Basilica di San Marco) is the most famous of the churches of Venice and one of the best known examples of Byzantine architecture. ... The Palace of the Podestà in Florence, known as the Palazzo Vecchio or the Palazzo della Signoria Podestà is the name given to a high official in many Italian cities, during the later middle ages. ...


After a doge's death, a commission of inquisori passed judgment upon his acts, and his estate was liable to be fined for any discovered malfeasance. The official income of the doge was never large, and from early times holders of the office remained engaged in trading ventures. These ventures kept them in touch with the requirements of the grandi.


Ceremony

One of the ceremonial duties of the doge was to celebrate the symbolic marriage of Venice with the sea. This was done by casting a ring from the state barge, the Bucentaur, into the Adriatic. In its earlier form this ceremony was instituted to commemorate the conquest of Dalmatia by Doge Pietro II Orseolo in 1000, and was celebrated on Ascension Day. It took its later and more magnificent form after the visit of Pope Alexander III and the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I to Venice in 1177. On state occasions the Doge was surrounded by an increasing amount of ceremony, and in international relations he had the status of a sovereign prince. Departure of the Bucentaur, by Francesco Guardi (1712-1793): in the distance at the right, the Doges Palace, the Piazzetta, the campanile and the domes of St Marks The Bucentaur (from Venetian bucintoro) was the state galley of the doges of Venice, on which, every year on Ascension... The Adriatic Sea Source: NASA The Adriatic Sea is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea separating the Apennine peninsula (Italy) from the Balkan peninsula, and the system of the Apennine Mountains from that of the Dinaric Alps and adjacent ranges. ... Jump to: navigation, search Dalmatia (Croatian Dalmacija, Italian Dalmazia, Serbian Далмација) is a region on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea, mostly in modern Croatia, spreading between the island of Pag in the northwest and the Bay of Kotor in the southeast. ... Pietro II Orseolo was the Doge of Venice from 991 to 1009. ... // Events World Population 300 million. ... For other meanings see Ascension (disambiguation) The Ascension is one of the great feasts in the Christian liturgical calendar, and commemorates the bodily Ascension of Jesus into Heaven forty days after his resurrection from the dead. ... Alexander III, né Orlando Bandinelli (c. ... The Holy Roman Emperor was, with some variation, the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, the predecessor of modern Germany, during its existence from the 10th century until its collapse in 1806. ... Frederick in a 13th century Chronicle Friedrich I. von Hohenstaufen (1122 – June 10, 1190), also known as Friedrich Barbarossa (Frederick Redbeard) was elected king of Germany on March 4, 1152 and crowned Holy Roman Emperor on June 18, 1155. ... Events November 25 - Baldwin IV of Jerusalem and Raynald of Chatillon defeat Saladin at the Battle of Montgisard. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


The last Doge

As the oligarchical element in the constitution developed, the more important functions of the ducal office were assigned to other officials, or to administrative boards, and he who had once been the pilot of the ship became little more than a figurehead. The last doge was Lodovico Manin, who abdicated in May 1797, when Venice passed under the power of Napoleon. 1797 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


List of Doges of Venice

The listing is followed by the year in which they took office.

  1. Paolo Lucio Anafesto, (697)
  2. Marcello Tegalliano, (717)
  3. Orso Ipato, (726)
  4. Teodato Ipato, (742)
  5. Galla, (755)
  6. Domenico Monegario, (756)
  7. Maurizio Galbaio, (764)
  8. Giovanni Galbaio, (787)
  9. Obelerio Antenoreo, (804)
  10. Angelo Participazio, (809)
  11. Giustiniano Participazio, (827)
  12. Giovanni I Participazio, (829)
  13. Pietro Tradonico, (837)
  14. Orso I Participazio, 864)
  15. Giovanni II Participazio, (881)
  16. Pietro I Candiano, (887)
  17. Pietro Tribuno, (888)
  18. Orso II Participazio, (912)
  19. Pietro II Candiano, (932)
  20. Pietro Partcipazio, (939)
  21. Pietro III Candiano, (942)
  22. Pietro IV Candiano, (959)
  23. Pietro I Orseolo, (976)
  24. Vitale Candiano, (978)
  25. Tribuno Memmo, (979)
  26. Pietro II Orseolo, (991)
  27. Ottone Orseolo, (1009)
  28. Pietro Barbolano, (1026)
  29. Domenico Flabanico, (1032)
  30. Domenico Contarini, (1043)
  31. Domenico Selvo, (1071)
  32. Vital Faliero de' Doni, (1084)
  33. Vital I Michele, (1096)
  34. Ordelafo Faliero, (1102)
  35. Domenico Michele, (1117)
  36. Pietro Polani, (1130)
  37. Domenico Morosini, (1148)
  38. Vital II Michele, (1156)
  39. Sebastian Ziani, (1172)
  40. Orio Mastropiero, (1178)
  41. Enrico Dandolo, (1192)
  42. Pietro Ziani, (1205)
  43. Jacopo Tiepolo, (1229)
  44. Marino Morosini, (1249)
  45. Reniero Zeno, (1252)
  46. Lorenzo Tiepolo, (1268)
  47. Jacopo Contarini, (1275)
  48. Giovanni Dandolo, (1280)
  49. Pietro Gradenigo, (1289)
  50. Marino Zorzi, (1311)
  51. Giovanni Soranzo, (1312)
  52. Francesco Dandolo, (1328)
  53. Bartolomeo Gradenigo, (1339)
  54. Andrea Dandolo, (1342)
  55. Marino Faliero, (1354)
  56. Giovanni Gradenigo, (1355)
  57. Giovanni Dolfin, (1356)
  58. Lorenzo Celsi, (1361)
  59. Marco Cornaro, (1365)
  60. Andrea Contarini, (1367)
  61. Michele Morosini, (1382)
  62. Antonio Venier, (1382)
  63. Michele Steno, (1400)
  64. Tommaso Mocenigo, (1413)
  65. Francesco Foscari, (1423)
  66. Pasqual Malipiero, (1457)
  67. Cristoforo Moro, (1462)
  68. Nicolo Tron, (1476)
  69. Nicolo Marcello, (1473)
  70. Pietro Mocenigo, (1474)
  71. Andrea Vendramin, (1476)
  72. Giovanni Mocenigo, (1478)
  73. Marco Barbarigo, (1485)
  74. Agostin Barbarigo, (1486)
  75. Leonardo Loredan, (1501)
  76. Antonio Grimani, (1521)
  77. Andrea Gritti, (1523)
  78. Pietro Lando, (1538)
  79. Francesco Donato, (1545)
  80. Marcantonio Trivisan, (1553)
  81. Francesco Venier, (1554)
  82. Lorenzo Priuli, (1556)
  83. Giorolamo Priuli, (1559)
  84. Pietro Loredan, (1567)
  85. Alvise Mocenigo, (1570)
  86. Sebastiano Venier, (1577)
  87. Nicolò da Ponte, (1578)
  88. Pasqual Cicogna, (1585)
  89. Marino Grimani, (1595)
  90. Leonardo Donato, (1606)
  91. Marcantonio Memmo, (1612)
  92. Giovanni Bembo, (1615)
  93. Nicolò Donato, (1618)
  94. Antonio Priuli, (1618)
  95. Francesco Contarini, (1623)
  96. Giovanni Corner, (1624)
  97. Nicolò Contarini, (1630)
  98. Francesco Erizzo, (1631)
  99. Francesco Molin, (1646)
  100. Carlo Contarini, (1655)
  101. Francesco Corner, (1656)
  102. Bertuccio Valier, (1656)
  103. Giovanni Pesaro, (1658)
  104. Domenico Contarini, (1659)
  105. Nicolò Sagredo, (1674)
  106. Luigi Contarini, (1676)
  107. Marcantonio Giustinian, (1683)
  108. Francesco Morosini, (1688)
  109. Silvestro Valier, (1694)
  110. Alvise Mocenigo, (1700)
  111. Giovanni Corner, (1709)
  112. Sebastiano Mocenigo, (1722)
  113. Carlo Ruzzini, (1732)
  114. Alvise Pisani, (1735)
  115. Pietro Grimani, (1741)
  116. Francesco Loredan, (1752)
  117. Marco Foscarini, (1762)
  118. Alvise Giovanni Mocenigo, (1763)
  119. Paolo Renier, (1779)
  120. Ludovico Manin, (1789)

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Jump to: navigation, search Maurizio Galbiao (? - 787) was Doge of Venice from 764 to 787 Categories: Doges of Venice | European royalty stubs ... Events Empress Shotoku succeeds Emperor Junnin on the throne of Japan. ... This article is about the year 787. ... Events March 25 - The Inscription of Sukabumi from Eastern Java marks the beginning of the Javanese language. ... Events Saga succeeds Heizei as emperor of Japan. ... Events Succession of Pope Valentine, then Pope Gregory IV. Arabs invade Sicily. ... Events Egbert of Wessex conquers Mercia and is recognized as Bretwalda. ... Events Pietro Tradonico elected Doge of Venice. ... Events Khan Boris I of Bulgaria is baptized an Orthodox Christian. ... Events Charles the Fat is crowned western emperor Louis III routs Norman pirates at Saucourt_en_Vimeu Births Deaths Emperor Seiwa of Japan Heads of states France - Louis III, king of France (879_882) Categories: 881 ... Pietro I Candiano, (c. ... 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Events January 24 - Alfonso Mendez, appointed by Pope Gregory XV as Prelate of Ethiopia, arrives at Massawa from Goa. ... Events February 22 - Native American Quadequine introduces Popcorn to English colonists. ... // Events February 5 - Roger Williams emigrates to Boston. ... // Events The Westminster Confession of Faith Ongoing events English Civil War (1642-1649) Births February 4 - Hans Erasmus Aßmann, Freiherr von Abschatz, German statesman and poet (d. ... Events New Sweden (Delaware) attacked and captured by Dutch forces. ... // Events Mehmed Köprülü becomes Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire. ... // Events Mehmed Köprülü becomes Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire. ... Events January 13 - Edward Sexby, who had plotted against Oliver Cromwell, dies in Tower of London February 6 - Swedish troops of Charles X Gustav of Sweden cross The Great Belt (Storebælt) in Denmark over frozen sea May 1 - Publication of Hydriotaphia, Urn Burial and The Garden of Cyrus by... // Events May 25 - Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England following the restoration of the Long Parliament, beginning a second brief period of the republican government called the Commonwealth. ... Events February 19 - England and the Netherlands sign the Treaty of Westminster. ... Events January 29 - Feodor III becomes Tsar of Russia First measurement of the speed of light, by Ole Rømer Bacons Rebellion Russo-Turkish Wars commence. ... Events June 6 - The Ashmolean Museum opens as the worlds first university museum. ... Francesco Morosini was the Doge of Venice from 1688 to 1694, at the height of the Great Turkish War. ... // Events A high-powered conspiracy of notables, the Immortal Seven, invite William and Mary to depose James II of England. ... Events February 6 - The colony Quilombo dos Palmares is destroyed. ... Events January 1 - Russia accepts Julian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search // Events January 12 - Two-month freezing period begins in France - The coast of the Atlantic and Seine River freeze, crops fail and at least 24. ... Events Abraham De Moivre states De Moivres theorem connecting trigonometric functions and complex numbers Publication of the first book of Bachs Well-Tempered Clavier Fall of Persias Safavid dynasty during a bloody revolt of the Afghani people. ... Events February 23 - First performance of Handels Orlando, in London June 9 - James Oglethorpe is granted a royal charter for the colony of Georgia. ... Events April 16 - The London premiere of Alcina by George Frideric Handel, his first the first Italian opera for the Royal Opera House at Covent Garden. ... Jump to: navigation, search // Events April 10 - Austrian army attack troops of Frederick the Great at Mollwitz August 10 - Raja of Travancore defeats Dutch East India Company naval expedition at Battle of Colachel December 19 - Vitus Bering dies in his expedition east of Siberia December 25 - Anders Celsius develops his... 1752 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1762 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Ludovico Manin was the last Doge of The Most Serene Republic of Venice. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1789 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...

See also

Genoa (Italy) was technically a communal republic in the early Middle Ages, but in actuality it was an oligarchy ruled by a small group of merchant families, from whom were selected the Doges of Genoa. ... The Doge (from Latin dux, originally meaning leader, especially military; in feudal times rendering the nobiliary, often princely, title Duke, which derives from it) was the elected chief of state in a few Italian crowned republics. The two best known rivaled each-other and the other regional great powers by...

References

  • Apostolo Zeno, Compendio della storia Veneta, self-published, Venezia, 1847.

This article incorporates text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, which is in the public domain. 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search Supporters contend that the Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1910-1911) represents the sum of human knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century; indeed, it was advertised as such. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Doge of Venice - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (901 words)
Whether or not the first doges were technically local representatives of the Emperor at Constantinople, the doge like the Emperor held office for life and was similarly regarded as the ecclesiastical, the civil and the military leader, in a power structure termed caesaropapism.
While doges had great temporal power at first, after 1268, the doge was constantly under strict surveillance: he must wait for other officials to be present before opening dispatches from foreign powers; he was not allowed to possess any property in a foreign land.
One of the ceremonial duties of the doge was to celebrate the symbolic marriage of Venice with the sea.
The Doge - Venice (818 words)
THE first duty of the Doge on rising was attendance at the service of Mass, which was performed every morning in his own private chapel; and he afterwards proceeded to apply his attention to his magisterial functions.
A doublet of red velvet, with straight sleeves tapering toward the wrist, and a high collar, was in part hidden by an outer mantle, sometimes curiously figured, which descended almost to the feet, with a border of gold fringe and a small circular clasp of gold.
But in 1205, when the newly elected Doge was to be fetched from his official post at a distance, a feeling of the propriety of some special mark of respect showed itself in the embellishment of the sides of the galley despatched to the Serenissimo with silk taffeta hangings.
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