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Encyclopedia > Dog breeding

Dog breeding is the vocation of mating carefully selected specimens to produce specific qualities and characteristics.

ters of puppies and their mothers should have clean, comfortable bedding.

At its best, breeding is a blend of science and art. The skilled breeder has knowledge of canine genetics and health, and the purpose for which his dogs will be used. Litter of Catahoula Leopard puppies Taken by Leslie Bickel of the litter of puppies from which her dog came; Molly is the mom. ... Litter of Catahoula Leopard puppies Taken by Leslie Bickel of the litter of puppies from which her dog came; Molly is the mom. ...


At worst, breeding can be a slipshod enterprise in which the major concern is profit, with little regard to the health and welfare of the dogs involved. Breeding is often done by so-called ‘backyard breeders’ (the pejorative term for random or ignorant breeding conducted on a small scale), and ‘puppy mills’ or ‘puppy farms’ (larger businesses). It must be pointed out, however, that many excellent breeders run small-scale programs in their homes, barns, or back yards, and there are profitable large-scale operations run with knowledgeable staff and superlative veterinary care, so size and motive alone are not indicative of the quality of the breeding program. A backyard breeder is a person who practices random or ignorant dog breeding on a small scale. ... Puppy mills (known as puppy farms in the UK and Australia) are dog breeding operations that are considered by some to be disreputable and sometimes hazardous to the health of the animals due to the conditions of the breeding kennel. ... Veterinary medicine is the application of medical diagnostic and therapeutic principles to companion, domestic, exotic, wildlife, and production animals. ...

Contents

Registries

The birth of a litter of purebred puppies is recorded on a breed registry maintained by an all-breed kennel club or a breed club. Such registries are not the exclusive province of show dogs, as is sometimes thought; the clubs of working dogs also maintain records of their dogs’ lineage. Purebreds, also called purebreeds or pedigreed, are cultivated varieties or cultivars of a species, achieved through the process of selective breeding. ... A breed registry, also known as a stud book or register, in animal husbandry and the hobby of animal fancy, is an official list of animals within a specific breed whose parents are known. ... A kennel club (known as a kennel council or canine council in some countries) is an organization for canine affairs that concerns itself with the breeding, showing and promotion of more than one breed of dog. ... A breed club, in the hobby of dog fancy, is an organization dedicated to breeding and showing of one single breed of dog as opposed to a diverse mixture of dogs. ... An American Cocker Spaniel show dog with its ears wrapped in preparation for showing A show dog is a purebred dog that is displayed at conformation dog shows to determine how well it conforms to established breed standards. ... Siberian Husky. ...


Requirements for the breeding of registered purebreds vary from club to club. Most breed clubs allow for any registered puppy to be bred from once it reaches a suitable age. Some clubs maintain an adjunct or limited register, for puppies of purebred parents not deemed to have the qualities for showing or breeding, or who exhibit a fault. A few clubs, such as the Swiss breed club of the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog, the Jack Russell Terrier Club of America and the Mini Foxie Club of Australia, Inc. have additional, strict requirements for the certification of adult dogs before breeding. A fault, in animal breeding, is a characteristic whose state or quality falls outside of the acceptable range for the attribute being judged. ... The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog, or Großer Schweizer Sennenhund, is the largest of the traditional Swiss herding breeds, the Sennenhunds, a grouping in which the Bernese Mountain Dog, Entlebucher Mountain Dog, and Appenzeller Sennenhund are also included. ... The Jack Russell Terrier Club of America [1] {JRTCA) is the largest Jack Russell Terrier club and registry in the world, and is the National Breed Club and Registry for the Jack Russell Terrier in the United States. ... The Mini Foxie Club of Australia, Inc. ...


Before breeding a purebred dog, health checks are needed, such as joint x-rays, hip certifications, and eye checks. The certifications needed vary from breeed to breed and stud owner to stud owner. Some stud owners will not permit their stud to breed with a bitch with hips of equal or lesser quality of the rating as FAIR. However, if your bitch is rated as FAIR, there is still hope, if her parents are both rated as good or excellent some stud owners will permit the breeding to proceed.


Criticism

Many critics cite the beginning of breed registries that require dogs to be bred from only the same breed for registration purposes--as well as those organizations' control over dog breedng--for increasing the number of inbred dogs thereby increasing the number of genetic disorders.[1] Other see the predominance of conformation breeding in the pet animal market as having a destructive effect on working dog breeds.[2] It has been suggested that inbreeding depression be merged into this article or section. ...

A responsible breeder checks each puppy for health and conformation.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (600x800, 214 KB) Summary Blue merle 3-month-old Border Collie puppy at the veterinarian. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (600x800, 214 KB) Summary Blue merle 3-month-old Border Collie puppy at the veterinarian. ...

Future of Breeding

Snuppy, the first cloned dog, shows that it is possible to produce a dog that is the genetic twin of another dog, although it is still difficult and expensive to do so. In the future, it might be possible, and some people might choose, to create a twin of their favorite pet or of an admired champion dog rather than to adopt a dog or to wait for the outcome of a mating between two preferred parents. If taken to an extreme, this would mean that people would be able to review photos of breed champions, read their descriptions, and choose one to duplicate, which would be cloned on demand. Although the two dogs would have identical genes, they would not necessarily have identical markings. In breeds in which markings vary by individual, Spot the Second might have spots in places that Spot the First did not, and vice versa.[citation needed] Dr. Hwang Woo-Suk holding Snuppy. Snuppy (born April 24, 2005) is the first cloned dog. ... Cloning is the process of creating an identical copy of something. ...


References

  • Article showing graph of increased inbreeding resulting from closed registries
  • Rosettes to Ruin:An Article on the effects of conformation breeding on working dogs

External links

  • An online source for the most up-to-date scientific research on animal breeding
  • News article

  Results from FactBites:
 
Dog breeding - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (540 words)
Dog breeding is the vocation of mating carefully selected specimens of the same breed to reproduce specific, consistently replicable qualities and characteristics.
Such registries are not the exclusive province of show dogs, as is sometimes thought; the clubs of working dogs also maintain records of their dogs’ lineage.
Snuppy, the first cloned dog, shows that it is possible to produce a dog that is the genetic twin of another dog, although it is still difficult and expensive to do so.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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