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Encyclopedia > Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
A veterinary surgeon removes stitches from a cat's face following minor surgery on an absess.
A veterinary surgeon removes stitches from a cat's face following minor surgery on an absess.

In American and Canadian English, a veterinarian (from Latin veterinae, "draught animals") is an animal doctor, a practitioner of veterinary medicine. The equivalent term in British English is veterinary surgeon, and both terms are often shortened to vet. The word veterinarian was first used in English by the doctor Sir Thomas Browne (16051682). Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x826, 183 KB) Veterinary surgeon at work, removing stitches following minor surgery on an absess on cats face. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x826, 183 KB) Veterinary surgeon at work, removing stitches following minor surgery on an absess on cats face. ... Canadian English is the form of English used in Canada, spoken as a first or second language by over 25 million Canadians (as recorded in the 2001 census [1]). Canadian English spelling is a mixture of American and British, but Canadian speech is much closer to American English, with some... Phyla Porifera (sponges) Ctenophora (comb jellies) Cnidaria Placozoa Subregnum Bilateria  Acoelomorpha  Orthonectida  Rhombozoa  Myxozoa  Superphylum Deuterostomia     Chordata (vertebrates, etc. ... Veterinary medicine is the application of medical, diagnostic, and therapeutic principles to companion, domestic, exotic, wildlife, and production animals. ... British English is a term primarily used by people outside of the UK to refer to the form of the English language spoken in the British Isles. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Sir Thomas Browne (October 19, 1605 - October 19, 1682) was an English author of varied works that disclose his wide learning in diverse fields including medicine, religion, science and the esoteric. ... Events April 13 - Tsar Boris Godunow dies - Feodor II accedes to the throne May 16 - Paul V becomes Pope June 1 - Russian troops in Moscow imprison Feodor II and his mother. ... Events March 11 – Chelsea hospital for soldiers is founded in England May 6 - Louis XIV of France moves his court to Versailles. ...


Perhaps the most popular depiction of this kind of doctor at work is in the autobiographical books by James Herriot and the television adaptation, All Creatures Great and Small. James Herriot is the pen name of James Alfred Wight, known as Alf (October 3, 1916 - February 23, 1995). ... All Creatures Great and Small (the title being borrowed from a line of the hymn, All Things Bright and Beautiful) was a book by James Herriot, first published in 1972. ...

Contents


Overview

While a veterinarian does hold a doctoral degree in veterinary medicine (in the USA, at least), not all veterinarians enter clinical practice. Those that do still have a wide range of options: companion animal or "pet" medicine (dogs, cats, rabbits, ferrets, etc), "exotic" animal medicine (various rodents, sugar gliders, possums, hedgehogs, reptiles), reptile medicine, ratite medicine, livestock medicine, equine medicine (sports or race track or show or rodeo, etc.), or laboratory animal medicine, to name a few. Those who do not may enter a research field, studying an area of medical, veterinary medical, or pharmacological research. Research veterinarians were the first to isolate oncoviruses, Salmonella species, Brucella species, and various other pathogenic agents. They also helped conquer malaria and yellow fever, solved the mystery of botulism, produced an anticoagulant used to treat some people with heart disease, and defined and developed surgical techniques for humans, such as hip-joint replacement and limb and organ transplants. A doctorate is an academic degree of the highest level. ... PET, see PET. A pet or companion animal is an animal that is kept by humans for companionship and enjoyment, rather than for economic reasons. ... A pet or companion animal is an animal that is kept for companionship and enjoyment, rather than for economic reasons. ... Trinomial name Canis lupus familiaris The Dog is a canine carnivorous mammal that has been domesticated for at least 14,000 years and perhaps for as long as 150,000 years based on recent evidence. ... Trinomial name Felis silvestris catus Schreber, 1775 The cat, also called domestic cat or house cat, is a small feline carnivorous mammal. ... Genera Pentalagus Bunolagus Nesolagus Romerolagus Brachylagus Sylvilagus Oryctolagus Poelagus The bane of Australian farmers - the wild rabbit An old rabbit trap Rabbits are small mammals in the family Leporidae, found in many parts of the world. ... Trinomial name Mustela putorius furo In general use, a ferret is a Domestic Ferret (Mustela putorius furo), a creature first bred from the wild European Polecat at least 2,500 years ago. ... Families Many, see text The order Rodentia is the most numerous of all the branches on the mammal family tree. ... Binomial name Petaurus breviceps Waterhouse, 1839 The Sugar Glider (Petaurus breviceps) is a small gliding possum native to eastern and northern mainland Australia, New Guinea, and the Bismarck Archipelago, and introduced to Tasmania. ... A possum is any of about 25 small to medium-sized arboreal marsupials native to Australia. ... Genera Atelerix Erinaceus Hemiechinus Mesechinus A hedgehog is any of a wide variety of small quilled mammals of the order Insectivora found through parts of Europe, Asia, Africa, and New Zealand. ... Orders  Crocodylia - Crocodilians  Rhynchocephalia - Tuataras  Squamata   Suborder Sauria - Lizards   Suborder Serpentes - Snakes Testudines - Turtles Superorder Dinosauria  Saurischia  Ornithischia The reptiles are a group of vertebrate animals. ... Families Struthionidae Casuariidae Dinornithidae Apterygidae Rheidae A ratite is any of a diverse group of large, flightless birds of Gondwanian origin, most of them now extinct. ... Sheep are commonly bred as livestock. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The Horse (Equus caballus) is a sizeable ungulate mammal, one of the seven modern species of the genus Equus. ... A race track (or racetrack), is a purpose-built facility for the conducting of races. ... Note: For the ballet or orchestral piece written by Aaron Copland, please see Rodeo (ballet). ... Biochemistry laboratory at the University of Cologne. ... Pharmacology (in Greek: pharmacon (φάρμακον) is drug, and logos (λόγος) is science) is the study of how chemical substances interact with living systems. ... An oncovirus is a virus associated with cancer. ... Species Salmonella bongori Salmonella choleraesuis Salmonella enterica Salmonella enteritidis Salmonella nyanza Salmonella paratyphi Salmonella typhi Salmonella typhimurium Salmonella virginia Salmonella is a genus of rod-shaped Gram-negative enterobacteria that causes typhoid fever, paratyphoid and foodborne illness. ... A pathogen (literally birth of pain from the Greek παθογένεια) is a biological agent that can cause disease to its host. ... Red blood cell infected with Malaria (Italian: bad air; formerly called ague or marsh fever in English) is an infectious disease which in humans causes about 350-500 million infections and over 1 million deaths annually, mainly in the tropics and sub-Saharan Africa. ... Botulism (from Latin botulus, sausage) is a rare but serious paralytic illness caused by a nerve toxin, botulin, that is produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. ... An anticoagulant is a substance that prevents coagulation; that is, it stops blood from clotting. ... There are different forms of heart disease: Coronary heart disease Ischaemic heart disease Cardiovascular disease The study of heart disease is Cardiology This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... A typical modern surgery operation For other meanings of the word, see Surgery (disambiguation) Surgery (from the Greek cheirourgia - lit. ... For other uses, see Human (disambiguation). ... A limb (from the Old English lim) is a jointed appendage of the human or animal body; a large or main branch of a tree; a representative, branch or member of a group or organization. ... An organ is the following: In anatomy, an organ is a group of tissues which perform some function. ... An organ transplant is the transplantation of an organ (or part of one) from one body to another, for the purpose of replacing the recipients damaged or failing organ with a working one from the donor. ...


Like all physicians, veterinarians must make ethical judgments, such as whether or not to perform debarking procedures. Debarking, or devocalization, is a controversial procedure to permanently stop a dog from barking by cutting its vocal cords or removing laryngeal tissue. ...


Regulatory medicine

Some veterinarians work in a field called regulatory medicine — ensuring the nation's food safety by working with the USDA FSIS, or protecting us from imported exotic animal diseases by working for the USDA APHIS. The emerging field of conservation medicine involves veterinarians even more directly with human health care, providing a multidisciplinary approach to medical research that also involves environmental scientists. For publications of this name, see also Nation (disambiguation) The most popular modern ethical and philosophical doctrines state that all humans are divided into groups called nations. ... Foodborne illness or food poisoning is caused by consuming food contaminated with pathogenic bacteria, toxins, viruses, prions or parasites. ... The U.S. Department of Agriculture, also called the Agriculture Department, or USDA, is a Cabinet department of the United States Federal Government. ... Conservation medicine is an emerging, interdisciplinary field that studies the relationship between human and animal health, and environmental conditions. ... Environmental science is the science of the interactions between the physical, chemical, and biological components of the environment, including their effects on all types of organisms. ...


Education

More than 3800 veterinarians in the USA currently work at veterinary schools, teaching student vets what they need to know to graduate — so teaching is another career path. In education, teachers are those who teach students or pupils, often a course of study or a practical skill. ... Look up Career in Wiktionary, the free dictionary A career is a course of successive situations that make up some activity. ...


There is some reciprocal international recognition of veterinary degrees. For example veterinarians with degrees from the UK or New Zealand are immediately allowed to practice in Australia whereas vets with degrees from other countries are usually required to pass a set of qualifying exams before being allowed to practice. Australia currently has 5 Universities offering veterinary degrees - University of Sydney, Murdoch University, Melbourne University, University of Queensland, and Charles Sturt University. A sixth University is preparing for its first intake of vet students at the end of 2005 - James Cook University


Government

Public health medicine is another option for veterinarians. Veterinarians in government and private laboratories provide diagnostic and testing services. Some veterinarians serve as state epidemiologists, directors of environmental health, and directors of state or city public health departments. Veterinarians are also employed by the US Agriculture Research Service, Fish and Wildlife Service, Environmental Protection Agency, National Library of Medicine, and National Institutes of Health. The military also employs veterinarians in a number of capacities — caring for pets on military bases, caring for military working animals, and controlling various arthropod-borne diseases or other such of things. Epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events in specified populations, and the application of this study to control of health problems (Last 2001). ... Generally a director is a person or one of a body of persons appointed to manage the affairs of a government agency, company, corporation, group or project. ... Environmental health is defined by the World Health Organisation as: Those aspects of human health and disease that are determined by factors in the environment. ... A state is an organized political community occupying a definite territory, having an organized government, and possessing internal and external sovereignty. ... A city is an urban area, differentiated from a town, village, or hamlet by size, population density, importance, or legal status. ... The USFWS logo The United States Fish and Wildlife Service is a unit of the United States Department of the Interior that is dedicated to managing and preserving wildlife. ... EPA redirects here. ... The U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), operated by the U.S. federal government, is the worlds largest medical research library. ... The National Institutes of Health is an institution of the United States government which focuses on medical research. ... A military base is an isolated facility, settlement, or installation that shelters military equipment and personnel. ... Subphyla and Classes Subphylum Trilobitomorpha Trilobita - Trilobites (extinct) Subphylum Chelicerata Arachnida - Spiders, Scorpions, etc. ...


Professional organizations

The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA), founded in 1863, is a not-for-profit association representing more than 69,000 US veterinarians working in academia, private and corporate practice, industry, government, and uniformed services. ...

Veterinary informatics

Veterinary Informatics is the application of information technology to healthcare. Most vet clinics now utilize software for Practice Management Systems to control scheduling and billing of clients, tracking of inventory and automation of lab results. Addiitonally, many clinics are working towards becoming computerized for electronic patient records. Veterinary Informatics is the name given to the application of information technology to healthcare. ...


See also

Look up Veterinarian in Wiktionary, the free dictionary

An avian veterinarian is a veterinarian who has undertaken additional training to treat birds. ... An Equine veterinarian is a veterinarian who has undertaken additional training to treat horses. ... An Exotic Animal veterinarian is a veterinarian who has undertaken additional training to treat exotic animals. ... Veterinarians and veterinary surgeons are medical professionals who operate exclusively on animals. ... Veterinary medicine is the application of medical, diagnostic, and therapeutic principles to companion, domestic, exotic, wildlife, and production animals. ... A Veterinary technician (also called a Vet Tech), is an occupation in the healthcare business. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Alchemy Ada Adventure Apartheid Abbreviation Airplane (disambiguation) Abduction Alder Anno Domini Air ABC (disambiguation) Ad hominem Afghan AD Aether Aba Anus Affinity Ai AZ Albinism Accumulator Binary Chess Computer Carbon Cow Cricket (disambiguation) Collection Convex Culture Ceramics Case Creation Crow (disambiguation... Wiktionary full URL is a sister project to Wikipedia intended to be a free wiki dictionary (thesaurus, lexicon therein) in every language. ...

External links

  • Veterinarian-Software reviews
Veterinary Practitioners Edit
Veterinarian | Veterinary Technician

  Results from FactBites:
 
Veterinary medicine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (606 words)
Veterinary medicine is the application of medical, diagnostic, and therapeutic principles to companion, domestic, exotic, wildlife, and production animals.
Veterinary medicine is informally as old as the human/animal bond but in recent years has expanded exponentially because of the availability of advanced diagnostic and therapeutic techniques for most species.
While veterinary medicine is conventionally practiced distinctly from human medicine, the emerging interdisciplinary field of conservation medicine involves both, employing multidisciplinary teams that include medical doctors, veterinarians, environmental scientists, and other researchers and clinicians.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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