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Encyclopedia > Doctor of Pharmacy

Contents

North America

Canada

In Canada the PharmD program is offered in both English and French. It has been available from the University of British Columbia since 1991 and at the University of Toronto, both offering it as a post-graduate degree. Since 2007 the Université de Montréal has offered a 4 year undergraduate Pharm. D. programme in French. The PharmD (Doctor of Pharmacy) is an entry-level professional degree for pharmacy, offered by ACPE accredited schools of pharmacy. ...


United States

In the United States, the PharmD. (Doctor of Pharmacy) degree is a professional degree that prepares the graduate for pharmacy practice. [1] The PharmD (Doctor of Pharmacy) is an entry-level professional degree for pharmacy, offered by ACPE accredited schools of pharmacy. ... For other uses, see Pharmacy (disambiguation). ...


Traditionally in the United States, the bachelor's degree in pharmacy was the first-professional degree for pharmacy practice. However, in 1990, the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) mandated that a doctorate in pharmacy would be the new first-professional degree. As of the year 2000, all pharmacy schools in the U.S. have discontinued the B.S.Pharm. (Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy) degree program. A bachelors degree is usually an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts for three, four, or in some cases and countries, five or six years. ...


Many top level schools look favorably upon applicants who first complete a bachelor's degree. For those students who desire a more accelerated pace, it takes a minimum of six academic years, which can be completed in five calendar years, after high school graduation to complete the Pharm. D. program. However, it is quite common for pharmacy students, like medical students, to take eight years to complete the degree which includes 4 years of university in addition to 4 years of graduate school.


Europe

France

In France, Pharmacy studies can only be accessed through a competitive examination ("concours", with numerus clausus) happening at the end of the first year, similarly to Medicine studies. Most candidates hold a Scientific Baccalaureate from the equivalent to high schools (lycée). In case of failure, it is possible to retry once (twice in extremely rare cases). Yearly success rate depends on the university's current numerus clausus and the number or registered students, ranging from 10 to 40% bearing in mind that second-time participants are three to four times more likely to succeed than students trying for the first time. The studies last a minimum of 6 years, or 9 years for students choosing hospital internship (accessible through another competitive exam, even more selective). Students must specialise when entering the 5th year, and choose between dispensing pharmacy, pharmaceutical industry or hospital internship. In any case, a 12-month part-time hospital externship is mandatory during the 5th year, although some flexibility is possible for students choosing industry. 6th year for industry is generally dedicated to further specialisation with a DESS/Professional Master's degree or a DEA/Research Master's degree. State diploma for the Doctorate of Pharmacy, Pharm D., is granted to pharmacists after they have completed a bibliographic thesis. Concours or EU concours is a recruitment competition and examination to select staff to all institutions of the European Union. ... Numerus Clausus (closed number in Latin) is one of many methods used to limit the number of students who may study at a university. ... In France, secondary education is divided into two schools: the collège (IPA: ) (somewhat comparable to U.S. junior high school) for the first four years directly following primary school; the lycée (IPA: ) (comparable to a U.S. high school) for the next three years. ... Numerus Clausus (closed number in Latin) is one of many methods used to limit the number of students who may study at a university. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... DEA is an abbreviation of the following, among others: Dance Educators of America Drug Enforcement Administration (USA) TheDEA.org, a harm reduction web site. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


In France, since the harmonization of European Union in September 2005, the student who chooses the industry/research orientation have a 6 month period of part time hospital externship, and 3 to 6 month of full time training in a pharmaceutical industry or a research lab.


It is also possible to defend an experimental (research) thesis, but you have the same diploma.


Italy

In Italy, the course of study leading to the laurea known as Dottore in farmacia lasts 5 years and includes a guided professional apprenticeship in a pharmacy. In Italy, the laurea is the main post-secondary academic degree. ...


Netherlands

In the Netherlands the Pharm. D. is a graduate degree that requires a prior Masters of Science (M.Sc.) degree in Pharmacy. A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate course of one or two years in duration. ...


UK

In the United Kingdom the DPharm is a relatively new postgraduate doctorate degree open to qualified pharmacists. It is offered by the University of Bradford, taking place over 3 years of clinical practice followed by 2 years of research. It is also offered by the University of Portsmouth and the University of Derby. The University of Bradford is a university in Bradford, West Yorkshire in the United Kingdom. ... The University of Portsmouth is the only university in the city of Portsmouth, Hampshire. ... The University of Derby is a university in the city of Derby, England. ...


Asia

Pakistan

In Pakistan the B-pharmacy course was upgraded to Pharm.D in 2003. Pharm.D in Pakistan is a professional bachelor degree consisting of 5 years i.e. 10 semesters.Most universities in Pakistan are offering the Pharm.D program.The qualified institutes are recognized by the Pakistan Pharmacy Council.


See also

A Bachelor of Pharmacy (abbreviated BPharm) is an undergraduate academic degree in the field of pharmacy. ... A Master of Pharmacy (abbreviated MPharm or MPharm(Hons)) is an academic degree in the field of pharmacy. ... The mortar and pestle is an international symbol of pharmacists and pharmacies. ... Pharmaconomist (Danish: farmakonom) means expert in pharmaceuticals. ... This article is a list of pharmacy schools by country. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Doctor of Pharmacy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (264 words)
In the United States the Pharm.D. Doctor of Pharmacy) degree is a first-professional doctorate that prepares the graduate for pharmacy practice.
In the Netherlands the Pharm.D. is a graduate degree that requires a prior Masters of Science (M.Sc.
In Italy, the course of study leading to the laurea known as Dottore in farmacia lasts 5 years and includes a guided professional apprenticeship in a pharmacy.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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