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Encyclopedia > Doctor of Naturopathy
Alternative medical systems - edit
NCCAM classifications [1]

1. Alternative Medical Systems To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Chiropractic is a complementary and alternative health care profession which focuses on diagnosing, treating, and preventing mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system, their effects on the nervous system and general health. ... Dioscorides’ Materia Medica, c. ... It has been suggested that Classical homeopathy be merged into this article or section. ... See also: Osteopathic medicine Osteopathy is a system of healthcare that applies a unique philosophy to diagnosis and treatment. ... Traditional Chinese medicine shop in Tsim Sha Tsui, Hong Kong. ... Unaani (in Arabic, Hindustani, Persian, Pashtu, Urdu etc) means Greek. ... Terms and concepts in alternative medicine provides a glossary of quick and to the point definitions of important terms and concepts unique to alternative medicine (CAM). ...


2. Mind-Body Intervention


3. Biologically Based Therapy


4. Manipulative and body-based methods


5. Energy Therapy

See also
Alternative medicine
Naturopathy
This article is part of the branches of CAM series.
CAM Classifications
NCCAM: Alternative Medical System
Modality: Professionalized
Knowledge: Doctorate
Culture: Western

Naturopathic medicine (also known as naturopathy) is a school of medical philosophy and practice that seeks to improve health and treat disease chiefly by assisting the body's innate capacity to recover from illness and injury. Naturopathic practice may include a broad array of different modalities, including manual therapy, homeopathy, hydrotherapy, herbalism, acupuncture, counselling, environmental medicine, aromatherapy, wholefoods, and so on. Practitioners tend to emphasise an holistic approach to patient care. Naturopathy has its origins in the United States, but is today practised in many countries around the world in one form or another, where it is subject to different standards of regulation and levels of acceptance. It has been suggested that Complementary and alternative medicine be merged into this article or section. ... Terms and concepts in alternative medicine provides a glossary of quick and to the point definitions of important terms and concepts unique to alternative medicine (CAM). ... Terms and concepts in alternative medicine provides a glossary of quick and to the point definitions of important terms and concepts unique to alternative medicine (CAM). ... Terms and concepts in alternative medicine provides a glossary of quick and to the point definitions of important terms and concepts unique to alternative medicine (CAM). ... Terms and concepts in alternative medicine provides a glossary of quick and to the point definitions of important terms and concepts unique to alternative medicine (CAM). ... Terms and concepts in alternative medicine provides a glossary of quick and to the point definitions of important terms and concepts unique to alternative medicine (CAM). ... Terms and concepts in alternative medicine provides a glossary of quick and to the point definitions of important terms and concepts unique to alternative medicine (CAM). ... The word culture, from the Latin colo, -ere, with its root meaning to cultivate, generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... This article is about the field of medical practice and health care. ... This article needs more context around or a better explanation of technical details to make it more accessible to general readers and technical readers outside the specialty, without removing technical details. ... Injury is damage or harm caused to the structure or function of the body caused by an outside agent or force, which may be physical or chemical. ... Manual Therapy encompasses the diagnosis and treatment of the ailments of various etiologies through hands-on intervention. ... It has been suggested that Classical homeopathy be merged into this article or section. ... Hydrotherapy, formerly called hydropathy, is probably the oldest form of medical treatment. ... Dioscorides’ Materia Medica, c. ... Acupuncture (from Lat. ... Psychotherapy is a set of techniques believed to cure or to help solve behavioral and other psychological problems in humans. ... Environmental medicine, also called clinical ecology, is a multidisciplinary field involving medicine, environmental science, chemistry and others. ... Aromatherapy, commonly associated with complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), is the use of volatile liquid plant materials, known as essential oils (EOs), and other aromatic compounds from plants to affect someones mood or health. ... Whole foods are foods that are unprocessed and unrefined, or processed and refined as little as possible before being consumed. ... Holistic health is a non-medical philosophy of well-being that considers the physical, mental, and spiritual aspects of life as closely interconnected and balanced [1]. Advocates of the holistic health philosophy typically seek or use a wide variety of alternative practices, the most common of which include acupuncture, chiropractic...


Naturopathic practitioners do not use invasive surgery, or most synthetic drugs, preferring "natural" remedies, i.e. relatively unprocessed or whole medications, such as herbs and foods. Licensed physicians from accredited schools are trained to use diagnostic tests such as imaging and blood tests before deciding upon the full course of treatment. A thoracic surgeon performs a mitral valve replacement at the Fitzsimons Army Medical Center, November 1990. ... Oral medication A medication is a licenced drug taken to cure or reduce symptoms of an illness or medical condition. ... Imaging refers to the science of obtaining pictures or more complicated spatial representations, such as animations or 3-D computer graphics models, from physical things. ... Blood tests are laboratory tests done on blood to gain an appreciation of disease states and the function of organs. ...


The mainstream scientific community has found little evidence for the effectiveness of most naturopathic modalities, and the concept of holistic medicine itself is widely disputed. Alternative medicine is often treated warily, as when a treatment is proven to be effective it is usually integrated into mainstream medicine. Holistic health is a non-medical philosophy of well-being that considers the physical, mental, and spiritual aspects of life as closely interconnected and balanced [1]. Advocates of the holistic health philosophy typically seek or use a wide variety of alternative practices, the most common of which include acupuncture, chiropractic... It has been suggested that Complementary and alternative medicine be merged into this article or section. ...

Contents


History of naturopathic medicine

The term naturopathy was coined before 1900, by John Scheel, and used by Benedict Lust. Lust had been schooled in hydrotherapy and other natural health practices in Germany by Father Sebastian Kneipp, who sent Lust to the United States to bring them Kneipp's methods. In 1905, Lust founded the American School of Naturopathy in New York, the first naturopathic college in the United States. Lust took great strides in promoting the profession, culminating in passage of licensing laws in several states prior to 1935, including Arizona, California, Connecticut, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington and the existence of several naturopathic colleges. Benedict Lust, MD, DO, ND (February 3, 1872 - 1945), was the founder of naturopathic medicine in the first decade of the twentieth century, largely as a result of his healing experiences with Father Sebastien Kneipp. ... Hydrotherapy, formerly called hydropathy, is probably the oldest form of medical treatment. ... Sebastian Kneipp (Stephansried, Germany, May 17, 1821 – June 17, 1897 in Wörishofen, Germany) was a Bavarian priest and one of the founders of the Naturopathic medicine movement. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq mi (141,205 km²)  - Width 285 miles (455 km)  - Length 330 miles (530 km)  - % water 13. ... Official language(s) None Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Area  Ranked 6th  - Total 113,998 sq mi (295,254 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Official language(s) English, Hawaiian Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Area  Ranked 43rd  - Total 10,941 sq mi (28,337 km²)  - Width n/a miles (n/a km)  - Length 1,522 miles (2,450 km)  - % water 41. ... Official language(s) None Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) None Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,824 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ...


Naturopathic medicine went into decline, along with most other natural health professions, after the 1930s, with the discovery of penicillin and advent of synthetic drugs such as antibiotics and corticosteroids in the post-war era, Lust's death, conflict between various schools of natural medicine (homeopathy, eclectics, physio-medicalism, herbalism, naturopathy, etc.), the rise of medical technology, and consolidation of political power in conventional medicine were all contributing factors. In 1910, when the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching published the Flexner Report which criticized many aspects of medical education in various institutions (natural and conventional), it was mostly seen as an attack on low-quality natural medicine education. It caused many such programs to shut down and contributed to the popularity of conventional medicine. An antibiotic is a drug that kills or slows the growth of bacteria. ... In physiology, corticosteroids are a class of steroid hormones that are produced in the adrenal cortex. ... It has been suggested that Classical homeopathy be merged into this article or section. ... Eclectics, so-called philosophers who attach themselves to no system, but select what, in their judgment, is true out of others. ... Dioscorides’ Materia Medica, c. ... Carnagie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching was founded by Andrew Carnegie in 1905 and chartered in 1906 by an Act of Congress. ... The Flexner Report, written by the professional educator Abraham Flexner (1866-1959), advocated radical change in the way medical schools were run in Canada and the United States. ...


Naturopathic medicine never completely ceased to exist, however, as there were always a few states in which licensing laws existed—though at one point there were virtually no schools. One of the most visible steps towards the profession's modern renewal was the opening in 1956 of the National College of Naturopathic Medicine in Portland, Oregon. This was the first of the modern naturopathic medical schools offering four-year naturopathic medical training with the intention of integrating mainstream science and naturopathic principles and practice. Categories: Wikipedia cleanup | Stub ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Roses, Stumptown, Bridgetown Location Location in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates , Government Country State County United States Oregon Multnomah County Mayor Tom Potter Geographical characteristics Area     City 145. ...


Naturopathy In India

Naturopathy has another stream that started in India in the 1900s. It was popularized by Mahatma Gandhi. He adopted and popularized this system because it was cheap and adaptable to the Indian soil. The system grew in popularity towards the close of 1900s, and today there are two streams of naturopaths in India. The first are graduates of All India Naturopathy Council and are awarded DNYS (Diploma in Naturopathy and Yogic Sciences) after 3 years of guided study and internship. The other are university graduates who are awarded BNYS (Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yogic Sciences). BNYS is a four year course with internship. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Gujarati: મોહનદાસ કરમચંદ ગાંધી; Hindi: मोहन्दास करमचंद गांधी, Pronunciation: / / ) (October 2, 1869 – January 30, 1948) was a major political and spiritual leader of India and the Indian independence movement. ... For information about a medical intern, see the article on Medical residency. ...


Naturopathy is very popular in India, and there are numerous naturopathy hospitals in the country. There are also many doctors trained in the Western system of medicine who have acquired naturopathy degrees so as to integrate the insights gained into their system of practice.


The Indian stream of naturopathy differs from the Western stream in many ways, particularly in their emphasis of strict vegetarianism and yoga. For animals adapted to eat primarily plants, sometimes referred to as vegetarian animals, see Herbivore. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Naturopathic physicians and traditional naturopaths

There are two groups in the United States calling themselves "naturopaths" who have recently been engaged in legal battles. The term when originally coined by John Scheel, and popularized by Dr. Benedict Lust (a German name pronounced "loost") was to apply to those receiving an education in the basic medical sciences with an emphasis on natural therapies: Benedict Lust, MD, DO, ND (February 3, 1872 - 1945), was the founder of naturopathic medicine in the first decade of the twentieth century, largely as a result of his healing experiences with Father Sebastien Kneipp. ...

  • Naturopathic physicians
  • "Traditional" naturopaths

Naturopathic physicians

Naturopathic physicians in the United States are independent providers with training in conventional medical sciences, diagnosis and treatment, and natural therapeutics with licenses or registration granted by an individual state Naturopathic Board of Medical Examiners. They graduate from four-year nationally accredited naturopathic medical graduate schools. Naturopathic physicians training with respect to modalities is different, with a focus on nutrition, botanical medicine, homeopathy, hydrotherapy, physical manipulation, pharmacology, and minor surgery. Some naturopathic physicians have additional training in the following: natural childbirth, acupuncture, and Chinese medicine. These subspecialties often involve additional years of study. Naturopathic physicians are required to attend continuing education yearly in order to maintain and renew their license. A graduate school or grad school is a school that awards advanced degrees, with the general requirement that students must have earned an undergraduate (bachelors) degree. ... In music, modality is the subject concerning certain diatonic scales known as modes (e. ... It has been suggested that Diet (nutrition) be merged into this article or section. ... The use of plants or plant extracts for medicinal purposes (especially plants that are not part of the normal diet) ... It has been suggested that Classical homeopathy be merged into this article or section. ... Hydrotherapy, formerly called hydropathy, is probably the oldest form of medical treatment. ... Physical Manipulation In the English speaking world there are two main professions practicing manipulation osteopathy and chiropractic. ... Pharmacology (in Greek: pharmacon (φάρμακον) meaning drug, and logos (λόγος) meaning science) is the study of how chemical substances interact with living systems. ... Natural childbirth is a childbirth philosophy that attempts to minimize medical intervention, particularly the use of anaesthetic medications and surgical interventions such as episiotomies, forceps and ventouse deliveries and caesarean sections. ... Acupuncture (from Lat. ... Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) also known simply as Chinese medicine (Chinese: 中醫學 or 中药学, zhōngy o xŭe) or traditional Oriental medicine, is the name commonly given to a range of traditional medical practices originating in China thousands of years ago. ...


Naturopathic physicians are licensed to diagnose and treat disease in Alaska, Arizona, California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Kansas, Maine, Montana, New Hampshire, Oregon, Utah, Vermont, Washington, US Territories: Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands. Official language(s) English Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Area  Ranked 1st  - Total 663,267 sq mi (1,717,854 km²)  - Width 808 miles (1,300 km)  - Length 1,479 miles (2,380 km)  - % water 13. ... Official language(s) None Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Area  Ranked 6th  - Total 113,998 sq mi (295,254 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... ... Official language(s) English, Hawaiian Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Area  Ranked 43rd  - Total 10,941 sq mi (28,337 km²)  - Width n/a miles (n/a km)  - Length 1,522 miles (2,450 km)  - % water 41. ... Official language(s) None Capital Boise Largest city Boise Area  Ranked 14th  - Total 83,642 sq. ... Official language(s) English Capital Topeka Largest city Wichita Area  Ranked 15th  - Total 82,277 sq. ... Official language(s) None Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  - Total   - Width   - Length    - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 39th 33,414 sq mi  86,542 km² 190 miles  305 km 320 miles  515 km 13. ... Official language(s) English Capital Helena Largest city Billings Area  Ranked 4th  - Total 147,165 sq mi (381,156 km²)  - Width 255 miles (410 km)  - Length 630 miles (1,015 km)  - % water 1  - Latitude 44°26 N to 49° N  - Longitude 104°2 W to 116°2 W Population  Ranked... Official language(s) English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Area  Ranked 46th  - Total 9,359 sq mi (24,239 km²)  - Width 68 miles (110 km)  - Length 190 miles (305 km)  - % water 3. ... Official language(s) None Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) English Capital Salt Lake City Largest city Salt Lake City Area  Ranked 13th  - Total 84,876 sq mi (219,887 km²)  - Width 270 miles (435 km)  - Length 350 miles (565 km)  - % water 3. ... Official language(s) None Capital Montpelier Largest city Burlington Area  Ranked 43rd  - Total 9,620 sq mi (24,923 km²)  - Width 80 miles (130 km)  - Length 160 miles (260 km)  - % water 3. ... Official language(s) None Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,824 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ...


Naturopathic Physicians are working in cooperation with both conventional and alternative practitioners to provide patients with complete medical care. Naturopathic physicians can bridge disparate fields with their training in both conventional and non-conventional treatment. Naturopathic physicians are able to identify and prescribe appropriate treatment including referral to conventional medical doctors. Physician examining a child A physician is a person who practices medicine. ...


For licensure as a naturopathic physician in one of those licensing U.S. states or Canadian provinces, candidates must have a Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine (abbreviated as N.D. or less commonly D.N.M.) / Doctor of Naturopathy (abbreviated as N.D.) from an accredited institution in the U.S. or Canada and pass certain examinations. The abbreviation N.D. can also denote the professional title and status Naturopathic Doctor that is conferred by the licensing body in the state or province. In contrast, the degree Doctor of Natural Medicine (abbreviated D.N.M.) does not qualify for licensure as a naturopathic physician. Naturopathic medicine is the practice of attempting to improve the health of patients through the application of natural remedies. ...


Traditional Naturopaths

Vis medicatrix naturae, or the healing power of nature, is the central tenet of Traditional Naturopathy. Bacteria and viruses, which are always present, seldom cause problems in a healthy body. According to naturopathic practice, disease occurs when toxins that have accumulated internally – often due to incorrect lifestyle, a poor diet, and improper care of the body - weaken a person. While conventional medical treatments may rid the body of symptoms, these treatments alone do not bring about true healing. Rather than trying to attack specific symptoms and diseases, Traditional Naturopathy offers a holistic approach to the individual that supports the body in finding its way back to homeostasis. Subgroups Actinobacteria Aquificae Bacteroidetes/Chlorobi Chlamydiae/Verrucomicrobia Chloroflexi Chrysiogenetes Cyanobacteria Deferribacteres Deinococcus-Thermus Dictyoglomi Fibrobacteres/Acidobacteria Firmicutes Fusobacteria Gemmatimonadetes Nitrospirae Planctomycetes Proteobacteria Spirochaetes Thermodesulfobacteria Thermomicrobia Thermotogae Bacteria (singular: bacterium) are a major group of living organisms. ... Groups I: dsDNA viruses II: ssDNA viruses III: dsRNA viruses IV: (+)ssRNA viruses V: (-)ssRNA viruses VI: ssRNA-RT viruses VII: dsDNA-RT viruses A virus (Latin, poison) is a microscopic particle that can infect the cells of a biological organism. ... The venom of the black widow spider is a potent latrotoxin. ... The term symptom (from the Greek syn = con/plus and pipto = fall, together meaning co-exist) has two similar meanings in the context of physical and mental health: Strictly, a symptom is a sensation or change in health function experienced by a patient. ... Holism (from holon, a Greek word meaning entity) is the idea that the properties of a system cannot be determined or explained by the sum of its components alone. ... Homeostasis is the property of an open system, especially living organisms, to regulate its internal environment to maintain a stable, constant condition, by means of multiple dynamic equilibrium adjustments, controlled by interrelated regulation mechanisms. ...


Traditional Naturopathy is not a medical practice. While prescribing drugs and pharmaceuticals, performing surgery, and other invasive procedures clearly have their place in the hands of properly trained medical doctors, these practices are outside the scope of Traditional Naturopathy and are at odds with its fundamental principles. Instead Traditional Naturopaths focus on educating clients to lead healthier lives and on the use of naturopathic modalities such as light, water, herbs, healthy foods, and exercise to cleanse and strengthen the body and support its natural healing process. Pharmacology (in Greek: pharmacon is drug, and logos is science) is the study of how chemical substances interfere with living systems. ... In music, modality is the subject concerning certain diatonic scales known as modes (e. ... Prism splitting light Light is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength that is visible to the eye (visible light) or, in a technical or scientific context, electromagnetic radiation of any wavelength. ... This article focuses on water as it is experienced in everyday life. ... A herb (see also pronunciation differences) is a plant grown for culinary, medicinal, or in some cases even spiritual value. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Healthy diet. ... (for options, see option exercise) U.S. marine emerges from the water upon completing the swimming portion of the triathlon. ... Cleanup redirects here. ...


Traditional Naturopaths receive training from correspondance schools or they receive their training from other practioners. None of the schools that award degrees to Traditional Naturopaths are accredited by the US Department of Education.


The Principles of Naturopathic Medicine

Naturopathy is based on six tenets or principles [2][3]:

  1. "The healing power of nature"
  2. "Identify and treat the cause"
  3. "First do no harm"
  4. "Treat the whole person"
  5. "The physician as teacher"
  6. "Prevention"

Healing is the process whereby the cells in the body regenerate and repair to reduce the size of a damaged or necrotic area. ... The deepest visible-light image of the universe, the Hubble Ultra Deep Field. ... Harm can be defined as causing physical or psychological/emotional damage or injury to a person, animal or other entity. ... Holism (from holos, a Greek word meaning all, entire, total) is the idea that all the properties of a given system (biological, chemical, social, economic, mental, linguistic, etc. ... Physician examining a child A physician is a person who practices medicine. ... A teachers room in a Japanese middle school, 2005. ... In medicine, prevention is any activity by which an individual avoids the development of a disease or condition (primary prevention), diagnoses a disease in an early stage or prevents its reoccurance (secondary prevention), or avoids a diseases worsening and restores oneself to an optimal level of functioning (tertiary prevention). ...

"The healing power of nature"

The healing power of nature (vis medicatrix naturae), has two aspects: first that the body has the ability to heal itself and it is the naturopathic doctor's role to facilitate this natural process, and second that nature heals. Following this principle includes getting enough sleep, exercising, feeding the body nutritional food and, if needed, additional earth food, such as herbs, or algae, which is a living organism. It is asserted, yet strongly refuted by critics, that plants can gently move the body into health without side effects posed by some synthetic chemicals in modern pharmaceuticals. With regard to living things, a body is the integral physical material of an individual, and contrasts with soul, personality and behavior. ... Healing is the process where the cells in the body regenerate and repair to reduce the size of a damaged or necrotic area. ... The deepest visible-light image of the universe, the Hubble Ultra Deep Field. ... A bed, blankets, pillows, and pajamas are all traditionally associated with sleep Sleep is the regular state of natural rest observed in all mammals, birds, and fish. ... (for options, see option exercise) U.S. marine emerges from the water upon completing the swimming portion of the triathlon. ... A herb (see also pronunciation differences) is a plant grown for culinary, medicinal, or in some cases even spiritual value. ... A seaweed (Laurencia) up close: the branches are multicellular and only about 1 mm thick. ... In biology and ecology, an organism (in Greek organon = instrument) is a living complex adaptive system of organs that influence each other in such a way that they function as a more or less stable whole. ... Pharmacology (in Greek: pharmacon is drug, and logos is science) is the study of how chemical substances interfere with living systems. ...


"Identify and treat the cause"

The underlying root causes of disease must be removed for complete healing to take place (tolle causam). These root causes can exist at many levels: physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual. It is the naturopathic doctor's ostensible role to identify this root cause, in addition to alleviate suffering by treating symptoms. Antonym of psychical. ... The mind is the term most commonly used to describe the higher functions of the human brain, particularly those of which humans are subjectively conscious, such as personality, thought, reason, memory, intelligence and emotion. ... It has been suggested that Feeling be merged into this article or section. ... Look up spiritual in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


"First do no harm"

The process of healing includes the manifestations of symptoms, so that any therapy that interferes with this natural healing process by masking symptoms is considered suppressive and should be avoided (primum no nocere). The natural life force of the individual should be supported to facilitate healing. The term symptom (from the Greek syn = con/plus and pipto = fall, together meaning co-exist) has two similar meanings in the context of physical and mental health: Strictly, a symptom is a sensation or change in health function experienced by a patient. ... The term life force or lifeforce can refer to: The soul, spirit, or other vitalistic energy. ...


"Treat the whole person"

A core tenet of naturopathy is the belief that health must go beyond treatment of immediate symptoms (as with medicine), and instead treat the entire person's well being. That means treating the entire body, as well as the spirit/soul and mind. The term symptom (from the Greek syn = con/plus and pipto = fall, together meaning co-exist) has two similar meanings in the context of physical and mental health: Strictly, a symptom is a sensation or change in health function experienced by a patient. ... This article is about the field of medical practice and health care. ... With regard to living things, a body is the integral physical material of an individual, and contrasts with soul, personality and behavior. ... The English word spirit comes from the Latin spiritus, meaning breath. ... The soul, according to many religious and philosophical traditions, is a self aware ethereal substance particular to a unique living being. ... Mind refers to the collective aspects of intellect and consciousness which are manifest in some combination of thought, perception, emotion, will, memory, and imagination. ...


"The physician as teacher"

It is the role of the naturopath to educate an individual in their practices and encourage that individual to "take responsibility for their own health" (docere). This cooperative relationship between doctor and patient is essential to healing.


"Prevention"

The ultimate goal of the naturopathic physician is prevention. The emphasis is on building health, not fighting illness. This is done by fostering healthy lifestyles, healthy beliefs, and healthy relationships. This article lacks information on the importance of the subject matter. ... Wiktionary has related dictionary definitions, such as: belief Belief is usually defined as a conviction to the truth of a proposition. ... Interpersonal relationships are social associations, connections, or affiliations between two or more people. ...


Regulation

In some countries naturopathy is unregulated and the term "naturopath" is not clearly defined. This may lead to difficulty in ensuring that a practitioner is trained to a particular standard or has adequate liability insurance.


Regulation in Australia

There is currently no state licensure in Australia, rather the industry is self regulated. There is no protection of title, meaning that technically anyone can practise as a naturopath. The only way to obtain insurance for professional indemnity or public liability is by joining a professional association, which can only be achieved having completed an accredited course and gaining professional certification. Licensure refers to the granting of a license (in the US, whilst, elsewhere the term registration is used), usually to work in a particular profession. ... Insurance, in law and economics, is a form of risk management primarily used to hedge against the risk of potential financial loss. ... Indemnity is a legal exemption from the penalties or liabilities incurred by any course of action. ... Liability insurance is a part of the general insurance system of risk transference. ... A professional body or professional organization is an organisation, usually non-profit, that exists to further a particular profession, to protect both the public interest and the interests of professionals. ... Generally, accreditation is the process by which a facility becomes officially certified as providing services of a reasonably good quality, so that the public can trust in the quality of its services. ... A professional certification, trade certification, or professional designation often called simply certification or qualification is a designation earned by a person to certify that he is qualified to perform a job. ...


It is generally thought that with registration, a minimum four-year degree with a minimum 400 hours of supervised clinic practice will be required for practice. Currently only two institutions fulfil these requirements, the Australian College of Natural Medicine and Southern Cross University. Southern Cross University Southern Cross University is a University based on the far north coast and mid north coast of New South Wales, Australia. ...


Professional naturopathic associations in Australia include:

  • Australian Natural Therapists Association (ANTA)
  • Australian Traditional-Medicine Society (ATMS), which has the largest membership base in the industry
  • National Herbalists Association of Australia (NHAA)
  • Australian Naturopathic Practitioners Association (ANPA)

There is currently debate in the industry over whether compulsory registration should be introduced for naturopaths, as with physiotherapy, osteopathy and chiropractic. ATMS is opposed on the grounds that naturopathic treatment is potentially dangerous, and that registration would therefore instigate a significant rise in insurance premiums. NHAA is pro-registration on the grounds that herbalists and naturopaths will never be taken seriously by the medical profession while unregistered. ANPA is also pro-registration, arguing that only registration of the profession will advance naturopathy as an integral part of healthcare in Australia. Licensure refers to the granting of a license (in the US, whilst, elsewhere the term registration is used), usually to work in a particular profession. ... Physical therapy can help restore lost functionality in many people. ... See also: Osteopathic medicine Osteopathy is a system of healthcare that applies a unique philosophy to diagnosis and treatment. ... Chiropractic is a complementary and alternative health care profession which focuses on diagnosing, treating, and preventing mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system, their effects on the nervous system and general health. ... This article is actively undergoing a major edit. ... Dioscorides’ Materia Medica, c. ...


Regulation in North America

Jurisdictions that currently regulate naturopathic medicine include:

Official language(s) English Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Area  Ranked 1st  - Total 663,267 sq mi (1,717,854 km²)  - Width 808 miles (1,300 km)  - Length 1,479 miles (2,380 km)  - % water 13. ... Official language(s) None Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Area  Ranked 6th  - Total 113,998 sq mi (295,254 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... ... Official language(s) English, Hawaiian Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Area  Ranked 43rd  - Total 10,941 sq mi (28,337 km²)  - Width n/a miles (n/a km)  - Length 1,522 miles (2,450 km)  - % water 41. ... Official language(s) None Capital Boise Largest city Boise Area  Ranked 14th  - Total 83,642 sq. ... Official language(s) None Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  - Total   - Width   - Length    - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 39th 33,414 sq mi  86,542 km² 190 miles  305 km 320 miles  515 km 13. ... Official language(s) English Capital Helena Largest city Billings Area  Ranked 4th  - Total 147,165 sq mi (381,156 km²)  - Width 255 miles (410 km)  - Length 630 miles (1,015 km)  - % water 1  - Latitude 44°26 N to 49° N  - Longitude 104°2 W to 116°2 W Population  Ranked... Official language(s) None Capital Montpelier Largest city Burlington Area  Ranked 43rd  - Total 9,620 sq mi (24,923 km²)  - Width 80 miles (130 km)  - Length 160 miles (260 km)  - % water 3. ... Official language(s) English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Area  Ranked 46th  - Total 9,359 sq mi (24,239 km²)  - Width 68 miles (110 km)  - Length 190 miles (305 km)  - % water 3. ... Official language(s) None Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) English Capital Salt Lake City Largest city Salt Lake City Area  Ranked 13th  - Total 84,876 sq mi (219,887 km²)  - Width 270 miles (435 km)  - Length 350 miles (565 km)  - % water 3. ... Official language(s) None Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,824 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... Official language(s) English Capital Topeka Largest city Wichita Area  Ranked 15th  - Total 82,277 sq. ... Official language(s) English Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... Official language(s) None Capital Providence Largest city Providence Area  Ranked 50th  - Total 1,214* sq mi (3,144* km²)  - Width 37 miles (60 km)  - Length 48 miles (77 km)  - % water 32. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston(1670-1789) Columbia(1790-present) Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Greenville-Spartanburg Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32°430N to 35°12... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Official languages none stated in law; English is de facto Flower Pacific dogwood Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 36 6 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) Official languages English (French has some legal status but is not fully co-official) Flower Crocus Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 14 6 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages English (French has some legal status but is not fully co-official) Flower White trillium Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats... Motto: Multis E Gentibus Vires (Latin: From many peoples, strength) Official languages English Flower Western Red Lily Capital Regina Largest city Saskatoon Lieutenant-Governor Gordon Barnhart Premier Lorne Calvert (NDP) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 14 6 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked 7th 651,036 km² 591...

Regulation in the United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, naturopathy as a profession is very closely aligned with osteopathy. There is no government sponsored regulation of the profession, the largest body, The General Council & Register of Naturopaths recognises three courses in the UK, two being taught at osteopathic schools: the British College of Osteopathic Medicine; The College of Osteopaths Educational Trust; and one at the University of Westminster School of Integrated Health under the auspices of the B.Sc Health Science (Naturopathy) course. See also: Osteopathic medicine Osteopathy is a system of healthcare that applies a unique philosophy to diagnosis and treatment. ... Marylebone campus The University of Westminster is a British university in London, formed in 1992 as a result of the Further and Higher Education Act, 1992, which allowed the London Polytechnic (Polytechnic of Central London or PCL ) to rename itself as a university. ...


Members of this register will either have completed a three or four year full time degree level course or possibly be a healthcare professional (Medical Doctor, Osteopath, Chiropractor, Nurse) who has completed a two year post-graduate Naturopathic Diploma, the N.D. As the naturopathic profession has developed along different lines in the UK, naturopaths do not perform minor surgery or have prescribing rights. A degree is any of a wide range of status levels conferred by institutions of higher education, such as universities, normally as the result of successfully completing a program of study. ... This article or section may contain external links added only to promote a website, product, or service – otherwise known as spam. ...


Scope of practice

In the United States both naturopathic physicians and traditional naturopaths use the degree designation of N.D. (doctor of naturopathic medicine), leading to considerable confusion about the scope of practice, education and training of a naturopathic practitioner (in the United Kingdom, N.D. stands for Diploma in Naturopathy). There is great contention between the two factions, as their political agendas are in opposition to each other: Naturopathic physicians, whose national professional organization is the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians, strive to recover licensure in all 50 states, whereas traditional naturopaths, whose professional organization is the American Naturopathic Medical Association, oppose licensure and often block licensing attempts. Negotiation is currently in progress between naturopathic physicians and traditional naturopaths to come to a resolution to this problem and agree to use different degree titles and designations, but so far this has not been a successful endeavour. Naturopathic medicine is the practice of assisting in the health of patients through the application of natural remedies. ... Naturopathic medicine is the practice of assisting in the health of patients through the application of natural remedies. ... Scope of Practice refers to the pre-defined abilities of a Paramedic, emergency_medical_technician(EMT), or Nurse. ... A political faction is presently an informal grouping of individuals, especially within a political organisation, such as a political party, a trade union, or other group with some kind of political purpose (referred to in this article as the “broader organisation”). It may also be referred to as a... The political agenda is the issues and policies set out by either the executive or cabinet in government which dictate existing and near-future political news and debate. ... Licensure refers to the granting of a license (in the US, whilst, elsewhere the term registration is used), usually to work in a particular profession. ... Negotiation is the process where interested parties resolve disputes, agree upon courses of action, bargain for individual or collective advantage, and/or attempt to craft outcomes which serve their mutual interests. ...


Science and naturopathy

There is widespread support for the application of an evidence based medicine framework to assess health outcomes and that systematic reviews with strict protocols are essential. Organisations such as the Cochrane Collaboration and Bandolier publish such reviews. Evidence-based medicine is a medical movement based upon the application of the scientific method to medical practice, including long-established existing medical traditions not yet subjected to adequate scientific scrutiny. ... The Cochrane Collaboration developed in response to Archie Cochranes call for systematic, up-to-date reviews (currently known as systematic reviews) of all relevant randomized clinical trials of health care. ... Bandolier is an independent online electronic journal about evidence-based healthcare, written by Oxford scientists. ...


There are reports of evidence based medicine trials published for naturopathy[4]. Evidence-based medicine is a medical movement based upon the application of the scientific method to medical practice, including long-established existing medical traditions not yet subjected to adequate scientific scrutiny. ...


Some modalities used in naturopathy are widely regarded as pseudoscience. Medical doctors often cite the large differences between naturopathic practitioners and the lack of scientific documentation of the safety and efficacy of their practices in order to justify limiting naturopathic scope. Advocates claim that naturopathic practitioners find it difficult to obtain financing for research due to the lack of prior research in many areas. Proponents state that this is slowly changing as naturopathic physicians develop research programs to help build up a foundation for evidence based treatment. Phrenology is regarded today as being a classic example of pseudoscience. ... The word physician should not be confused with physicist, which means a scientist in the area of physics. ...


Conventional medicine is required to undergo rigorous testing; drug trials often last for a decade. A criticism of alternative therapies is that they are not subject to detailed safety assessment. Restrospective analysis of various herbal agents have found many to be of little therapeutic value and others to be harmful. This can be tied to the fact that 'natural' does not necessarily correspond to being beneficial or even benign. Also of concern is the ambiguity of the word "natural" and poor agreement as to its meaning. In medicine, a clinical trial (synonyms: clinical studies, research protocols, medical research) is a research study. ... It has been suggested that Complementary and alternative medicine be merged into this article or section. ...


While the above addresses a primary challenge to the validation process for "natural" remedies, perhaps of greater concern amongst critics is the lack of regulation of manufacturer claims in advertising. Common labeling practices suggest that herbal extracts are devoid of "drugs" or "chemicals". Claims of this type are patently false as every component of any plant extract is a chemical by definition. Likewise, claims as to the relative absence of toxicity in herbal extracts, when compared to conventional pharmaceutical preparations, are tainted by incongruent regulations for reporting of side effects. The manufacturers of conventional pharmaceutical agents are legally bound to record and report any perceived negative experiences during large scale clinical trials, though there may be no actual link between the tested drug and the perceived side effect. To wit, it is often the case that drugs are labelled with side effects such as headache, constipation, diarrhea, or sleep disturbance. These "side effects" are required to be listed even if they are found with no more regularity than they are in a placebo control group or within the general populace for that matter. Conversely, herbal manufacturers are not required to carry out such clinical studies nor to report any known adverse effects, even if said effects have been directly linked to injestion of the herbal preparation in question. While these advertising techniques do not negate the potential for some beneficial uses of various herbal agents, and they do not necessarily reflect upon the validity of naturopathic medicine as a field of study, critics suggest that they do serve to beguile the public through the employment of nothing more than legally permissible semantics and selective reporting. Look up toxic and toxicity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Pharmacology (in Greek: pharmacon is drug, and logos is science) is the study of how chemical substances interfere with living systems. ... A headache (medically known as cephalalgia) is a condition of pain in the head; sometimes neck or upper back pain may also be interpreted as a headache. ... Constipation or irregularity, is a condition of the digestive system where a person (or animal) experiences hard feces that are difficult to eliminate; it may be extremely painful, and in severe cases (fecal impaction) lead to symptoms of bowel obstruction. ... Diarrhea or diarrhoea (see spelling differences) is a condition in which the sufferer has frequent watery, loose bowel movements (from the ancient Greek word διαρροή = leakage; lit. ... In the main, semantics (from the Greek and in greek letters σημαντικός or in latin letters semantikós, or significant meaning, derived from sema, sign) is the study of meaning, in some sense of that term. ...


Naturopathic modalities may be controversial (eg homeopathy), or have proven effectiveness only for very specific conditions (eg acupuncture, aromatherapy) Some naturopaths may use these modalities as panaceas or to improve the patient's quality of life. It has been suggested that Classical homeopathy be merged into this article or section. ... Acupuncture (from Lat. ... Aromatherapy, commonly associated with complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), is the use of volatile liquid plant materials, known as essential oils (EOs), and other aromatic compounds from plants to affect someones mood or health. ... The panacea (pan-ah-SEE-ah), one of the goals sought by the alchemists, was a remedy that would cure all diseases and prolong life indefinitely. ...


See also

This article is about the field of medical practice and health care. ... Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is a diverse set of medical and health care systems, practices, and products encompassing both complementary medicine and alternative medicine. ... See also: Osteopathic medicine Osteopathy is a system of healthcare that applies a unique philosophy to diagnosis and treatment. ... See also: Osteopathy Osteopathic physicians on rounds in a US teaching hospital Osteopathic Medicine (also known as osteopathy) is a system of medicine in the USA with a distinct worldview that applies osteopathic philosophy, principles, and treatment to standard biomedical care. ... It has been suggested that Classical homeopathy be merged into this article or section. ... The Metamorphic Technique is a gentle form of foot, hand and head massage that can be carried out by anyone with a brief training in the technique. ... Natural Hygiene is a branch of alternative medicine that claims that the human body can and will heal itself if the causes of disease are removed. ... LOHAS is an acronym for Lifestyles of Health and Sustainability - a $227 billion market segment in the U.S. alone but worldwide in its extent. ...

External links

Advocacy

Naturopathic physicians:

Traditional naturopaths:

Certifying Organizations:

Criticism

Quackwatch is a website operated by Quackwatch, Inc. ... The Skeptics Dictionary is a web site with a collection of cross-referenced skeptical essays by Robert Todd Carroll, PhD. It primarily exposes claims that its editors consider pseudoscientific (sometimes in a pseudoskeptical fashion though). ...

Support

"Profile of Profession: Naturopathic Practice" Center for the Health Professionals UCSF

  • http://www.futurehealth.ucsf.edu/pdf_files/Naturo2.pdf

Current events and News

  • Can Naturopathic Remedies Fight Cancer, Hot Flashes? -Forbes.com

North American Schools

Australian Schools

The Sydney Opera House is one of the most iconic landmarks in the world, and since its opening it has become an international symbol of Sydney Sydney (pronounced ) is the most populous city in Australia. ... The Sydney Opera House is one of the most iconic landmarks in the world, and since its opening it has become an international symbol of Sydney Sydney (pronounced ) is the most populous city in Australia. ... The University of Western Sydney is a public, multi-campus, higher educational institute located in the Greater Western Sydney region of New South Wales, Australia. ...

UK Schools

Ireland Schools

  • The College of Naturopathic Medicine Ireland Dublin, Galway, Cork, Limerick

 
 

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