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Encyclopedia > Doctor of Arts

The Doctor of Arts (D.A., or occasionally D.Arts. or Art.D.) is a discipline-based terminal doctoral degree that was originally conceived and designed to be an alternative to the traditional research-based Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) and the education-based Doctor of Education (Ed.D.). Like other doctorates, the D.A. is an academic degree of the highest level. The D.A. is also frequently conferred as a prestigious honorary degree with the added designation of honoris causa. Doctor of Philosophy, or Ph. ... The Doctor of Education degree (Ed. ... It has been suggested that double degree be merged into this article or section. ... An honorary degree (Latin: honoris causa ad gradum) is an extra-ordinary academic degree awarded to an individual as a decoration, rather than as the result of matriculating and studying for several years. ... Honoris causa (plural: Causae) is a Latin term meaning for the sake of honor, abbreviated as . ...


History

The D.A. was first authorized in 1970 by the Committee on Graduate Studies of the American Association of State Colleges and Universities, and by the Council of Graduate Schools in the United States. The prestigious Carnegie Foundation was the first to fund ten universities with seed money to initiate the degree, and D.A. programs (though far fewer in number than those of the Ph.D.) are currently offered in many different disciplines at universities in the United States and in other parts of the world. The Carnegie Foundation is named after Andrew Carnegie, the Scottish-American idealist and industrial magnate, whose generous gift made it possible to carry out plans for the construction of the Peace Palace in 1903, the year in which it was founded. ...


Different formulations of the degree

The D.A. differs from the Ph.D. in its shift in emphasis from theoretical research (though research is required) to the advanced study of a specific discipline, content area expertise, learning theory, and curriculum design. As such, it is often described as a "teaching doctorate". It offers scholars the breadth and diversity necessary to become expert teachers in their field. The D.A. also differs from the Ed.D. in its strong disciplinary focus, while still embracing the Ed.D.'s concern for issues in education, and a theoretical as well as practical preparation in pedagogy. (For more on this issue, see Ph.D.) In education and psychology, learning theories help us understand the process of learning. ... Pedagogy is the art or science of teaching. ... Doctor of Philosophy, or Ph. ...


In Finland, the Doctor of Arts degree is a research degree awarded upon successful completion of studies and a dissertation in the fields of art and design. The Doctor of Arts degree awarded by the University of Art and Design Helsinki, for example, aims to prepare scholars who are capable of conducting independent, groundbreaking research and developing new artistic research methods or products that satisfy high artistic standards. This article is about the thesis in dialectics and academia. ... ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Doctor of Philosophy - Facts, Information, and Encyclopedia Reference article (1655 words)
(higher doctorate in the faculty of philosophy) at the University of St Andrews was discontinued and replaced with the Ph.D. (research doctorate).
The successful completion of a doctoral program typically takes 3 to 6 years depending upon the specific field of study, prior experience and/or training, and the progress made by the doctoral candidate in his or her studies.
The doctoral candidate's progress is usually overseen by a thesis advisor, or supervisor, who chairs a thesis committee which supervises the doctoral candidate.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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