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Encyclopedia > Doctor Zhivago (1965 film)
Doctor Zhivago

Original movie poster
Directed by David Lean
Produced by Carlo Ponti &
David Lean
Written by Boris Pasternak (novel)
Robert Bolt (screenplay)
Starring Omar Sharif
Julie Christie
Music by Maurice Jarre
Cinematography Freddie Young & Nicolas Roeg
Editing by Norman Savage
Distributed by MGM
Release date(s) December 22, 1965
Running time 197 min.
Language English
Budget USD$14,000,000 (estimated)
IMDb profile

Doctor Zhivago (Russian: Доктор Живаго) is a 1965 film directed by David Lean and loosely based on the famous novel of the same name by Boris Pasternak. Image File history File links DrZhivago_Asheet. ... Sir David Lean, KBE (March 25, 1908 – April 16, 1991) was an English film director and producer, best remembered for big-screen epics such as Lawrence of Arabia, The Bridge on the River Kwai, and Doctor Zhivago . ... Carlo Ponti (born December 11, 1912, Magenta, Italy) is an Italian film producer. ... Sir David Lean, KBE (March 25, 1908 – April 16, 1991) was an English film director and producer, best remembered for big-screen epics such as Lawrence of Arabia, The Bridge on the River Kwai, and Doctor Zhivago . ... Boris Leonidovich Pasternak (Russian: ) (February 10 [O.S. January 29] 1890 – May 30, 1960) was a Nobel Prize winner Russian poet, writer best known in the West for his epic novel Doctor Zhivago, a tragedy whose events span the last period of Czarist Russia and the early days of the... Robert Oxton Bolt (August 15, 1924 – February 12, 1995) was an English playwright and screenwriter. ... For Pakistani actor of same name see Umer Sharif. ... Julie Frances Christie (born 14 April 1941) is an English Academy Award-winning film actress. ... Maurice Jarre (born in Lyon, France, September 13, 1924) is a French composer of film scores, noted for his use of the Ondes Martenot, and for the scores of many films including a series of David Lean films, Lawrence of Arabia, Doctor Zhivago (1965), Ryans Daughter (1970) and A... Freddie Young (9th October, 1902 - 1st December, 1998), (sometimes credited as Frederick A. Young) was one of Britains most distinguished and influential cinematographers. ... Nicolas Jack Roeg, born on August 15, 1928 in London, is an internationally-known cinematographer and film director. ... MGM logo Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or MGM, is a large media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of cinema and television programs. ... December 22 is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory[1], the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ... // Events Top grossing films North America Mary Poppins The Sound of Music, starring Julie Andrews Goldfinger My Fair Lady Whats New Pussycat? Shenandoah The Sandpiper Father Goose Academy Awards Best Picture: The Sound of Music - Argyle, Twentieth Century-Fox Best Actor: Lee Marvin - Cat Ballou Best Actress: Julie Christie... Sir David Lean, KBE (March 25, 1908 – April 16, 1991) was an English film director and producer, best remembered for big-screen epics such as Lawrence of Arabia, The Bridge on the River Kwai, and Doctor Zhivago . ... For other uses, see Doctor Zhivago (disambiguation). ... Boris Leonidovich Pasternak (Russian: ) (February 10 [O.S. January 29] 1890 – May 30, 1960) was a Nobel Prize winner Russian poet, writer best known in the West for his epic novel Doctor Zhivago, a tragedy whose events span the last period of Czarist Russia and the early days of the...

Contents

Plot

Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details follow.

The film takes place for the most part during the tumultuous period of 1905-1922, the years of Bloody Sunday and the 1905 Revolution, World War I, the Russian Revolution, and Russian Civil War, as the regime of Emperor Nicholas II was overthrown and the Soviet Union established. A framing device, from which the film is narrated, takes place in the mid-to-late 1950s, though a specific date is not mentioned. Demonstrators march to the Winter Palace Bloody Sunday (Russian: ) was an incident on 22 January [O.S. 9 January] 1905 in St. ... (Redirected from 1905 Revolution) The Russian Revolution of 1905 was a country-wide spasm of anti-government and undirected violence. ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nikolay II Aleksey Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Robert Nivelle Herbert H. Asquith D. Lloyd George Sir Douglas Haig Sir John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna... The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a series of political and social upheavals in Russia, involving first the overthrow of the tsarist autocracy, and then the overthrow of the liberal and moderate-socialist Provisional Government, resulting in the establishment of Soviet power under the control of the Bolshevik party. ... Combatants Red Army (Bolsheviks) White Army (Monarchists, SRs, Anti-Communists) Green Army (Peasants and Nationalists) Black Army (Anarchists) Commanders Leon Trotsky Mikhail Tukhachevsky Semyon Budyonny Lavr Kornilov, Alexander Kolchak, Anton Denikin, Pyotr Wrangel Alexander Antonov, Nikifor Grigoriev Nestor Makhno Strength 5,427,273 (peak) +1,000,000 Casualties 939,755... At different times, a ruler in Kievan Rus/Muscovy/Imperial Russia bore the title of Kniaz (translated as Duke or Prince), Velikiy Kniaz (translated as Grand Duke, Grand Prince or Great Prince), Tsar, Emperor. ... Nicholas II of Russia (18 May [O.S. 6 May] 1868 – 17 July [O.S. 4 July] 1918) (Russian: , Nikolay II) was the last Emperor of Russia, King of Poland,[1] and Grand Duke of Finland. ...


The film's framing device involves General Yevgraf Zhivago (Alec Guinness) searching for the love child of his brother, poet and Doctor Yuri Zhivago (Omar Sharif), and his mistress Larissa ("Lara") Antipova (Julie Christie); Yevgraf believes a young girl named Tonya Komarov (Rita Tushingham, referred to as "The Girl" in the credits) to be his niece. Yevgraf narrates the story, periodically appearing in it, though rarely interacts with any other characters in the flashbacks. Sir Alec Guinness CH CBE (April 2, 1914 – August 5, 2000) was an Academy Award and Tony Award-winning English actor who became one of the most versatile and best-loved performers of his generation. ... For Pakistani actor of same name see Umer Sharif. ... Julie Frances Christie (born 14 April 1941) is an English Academy Award-winning film actress. ... Rita Tushingham (b. ...


Yevgraf tells the girl the story of his brother's life. Yuri's parents died at an early age, leaving him only a balalaika, and he went to live with the Gromekos - Alexander (Ralph Richardson) and Anna (Siobhán McKenna) - and their daughter Tonya (played as an adult by Geraldine Chaplin), whom Zhivago later marries. Gromeko was a retired professor living in Moscow, and so Zhivago is able to enter medical school, studying under Professor Boris Kurt (Geoffrey Keen). Though he is already a poet of some renown, Yuri does not think that he can support himself with poetry and wishes to enter the medical profession. Lara, meanwhile, lives with her mother (Adrienne Corri), a dressmaker who is being "advised" by Victor Komarovsky (Rod Steiger), a lawyer with political connections. (Komarovsky was also the friend and business partner of Zhivago's father.) Lara is also engaged to Pasha Antipov (Tom Courtenay), an idealistic revolutionary. Balalaika The balalaika (Russian: балала́йка; IPA ) is a stringed instrument of Russian origin, with a characteristic triangular body and 3 strings (or sometimes 6, in pairs). ... Sir Ralph David Richardson (19 December 1902 – 10 October 1983) was an English actor, one of a group of theatrical knights of the mid-20th century who, though more closely associated with the stage, did their best to make the transition to film. ... Siobhán McKenna (May 24, 1922 - November 16, 1986), was a Irish stage and screen actress. ... Geraldine Chaplin (born July 31, 1944 in Santa Monica, California) is an Anglo-American actress. ... Geoffrey Keen (21 August 1916 – 3 November 2005) was a British actor who appeared in supporting roles in many famous films. ... Adrienne Corri is an actress born on 13 November 1933 in Glasgow, Scotland of Italian parentage. ... Rod Steiger (April 14, 1925 – July 9, 2002) was an American actor. ... Tom Courtenay (pronounced Courtney) (born February 25, 1937) is a British actor who came to prominence in the early 1960s with a succession of critically-acclaimed films including The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner (1962), Billy Liar (1963) and Dr. Zhivago (1965). ...


Lara becomes more deeply involved with Komarovsky, until her mother discovers their affair and tries to kill herself by swallowing iodine. Komarovsky summons help from Kurt and Zhivago, and Zhivago sees Lara for the first time. When Pasha, now a dedicated Bolshevik, tells Komarovsky that he intends to marry Lara, Komarovsky tries to dissuade Lara from doing so, and rapes her. In revenge, Lara takes a gun she had been hiding for Pasha, tracks Komarovsky down to a Christmas party (which Zhivago and Tonya are attending) and shoots him, before being escorted out by Pasha, who then learns of Lara's infidelity. General Name, Symbol, Number iodine, I, 53 Chemical series halogens Group, Period, Block 17, 5, p Appearance violet-dark gray, lustrous Atomic mass 126. ... Bolshevik Party Meeting. ...


The movie then jumps ahead to August 1914: World War I. Yevgraf enlists, intending to subvert the war effort in order to start the Revolution; Yuri (now married to Tonya) and Professor Kurt become medical officers; and Pasha joins a volunteer regiment as well. Pasha is supposedly killed in a battle on the Eastern Front, and Lara becomes a nurse to look for him as the Revolution breaks out and the Russian army begins to desert en masse. Travelling with a group of deserters, Lara meets Zhivago, who is with a column of replacement troops; the soldiers mutiny and join the deserters, and Zhivago enlists the help of Lara to tend to their wounded. The two manage a makeshift hospital for the remainder of the war and are parted at war's end. Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nikolay II Aleksey Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Robert Nivelle Herbert H. Asquith D. Lloyd George Sir Douglas Haig Sir John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna... The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a series of political and social upheavals in Russia, involving first the overthrow of the tsarist autocracy, and then the overthrow of the liberal and moderate-socialist Provisional Government, resulting in the establishment of Soviet power under the control of the Bolshevik party. ...

Julie Christie as Lara

Yuri returns to Moscow, finding that Anna is dead and that the Gromeko's house has been apportioned to include several other families by the authorities. Yuri meets his son Sasha for the first time in years and resumes his old job at the local hospital, but is disgusted that his family is lacking in basic fuel and food. One night, while he tries to steal firewood for his family furnace, he is spotted by Yevgraf, who tracks him home. Yevgraf informs Zhivago and his family that they are under suspicion for subversive activities by the government and helps arrange for their transport to the Gromeko estate at Varykino, in the Urals. Image File history File links 10111225A~Julie-Christie. ... Image File history File links 10111225A~Julie-Christie. ...


Zhivago, Tonya, Sasha, and Alexander board a heavily guarded train which includes a detachment of labor conscripts - including the hot-headed anarchist intellectual, Kostoyed Amoursky, (Klaus Kinski) - and a large contingent of Red Guard soldiers. At one point, the train passes through the village of Mink, which has been shelled by Red forces commanded by a General Strelnikov; at the end of Act One Strelnikov is revealed to be Pasha. While the Ural train is stopped, Zhivago wanders away from the train, listening to the sound of a water fall, and stumbles across Strelnikov's armored train. He is arrested and meets with Strelnikov - recognizing him as Pasha - who suspects him of being a hired assassin. After a tense conversation Strelnikov reveals that Lara is alive in the town of Yuriatin - which is currently occupied by forces of the White Army - and lets Zhivago go. It has been suggested that Origins of anarchism and History of anarchism be merged into this article or section. ... Klaus Kinski. ... The term Red Guards may refer to one of the following. ... White army may refer to: The military arm of the White movement, a loose coalition of anti-Bolshevik forces in the Russian Civil War The Saudi Arabian National Guard The National Guard of Kuwait This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise...


Zhivago's family arrives at Varykino but finds their main house to have been boarded up with a No Trespassing sign. Out of fear of being branded as "counter-revolutionaries", they desist from breaking into their own house. However, they decide to occupy the spacious guest cottage. The family lives a mundane life until the next spring, when Zhivago goes into Yuriatin and runs into Lara at the local library. The two reacquaint themselves and consummate a sexual relationship. Zhivago is torn between Tonya and Lara, until Tonya becomes pregnant; Yuri travels to Yuriatin presumably to break off his affair with Lara, only to be conscripted into service by Red partisan troops under Liberius (Gerard Tichy) while returning to Varykino. A counter-revolutionary is anyone who opposes a revolution, particularly those who act after a revolution to try to overturn or reverse it, in full or in part. ... Gérard Tichy (also Gerard Tichy, Gerhard Tichi, and Gerardo Tichy) was a Spanish actor of French dissent, who appeared in numerous movies, including several international productions. ...


After serving with the Partisans for nearly two years as a medical officer, Zhivago escapes, only to find that his family has left Varykino and emigrated to Paris; he goes to Lara's home in Yuriatin, and is ultimately discovered by Lara. The two renew their relationship, but Komarovsky arrives one night and informs them that they are being watched by the Bolsheviks, due to Lara's marriage to Strelnikov (who has now come under suspicion from the government). Komarovsky offers Yuri and Lara his help in escaping, but they refuse; the two flee with Lara's daughter, Katya, to the Varykino estate, which has been left open and frozen inside. Yuri begins working on the "Lara" poems, which would make him famous. Komarovsky reappears, telling Yuri that Strelnikov has been killed and that Lara is in immediate danger; Yuri sends Lara away with Komarovsky, but remains behind.


Yuri ultimately dies in a Moscow street some years later, suffering a heart attack after seeing a woman he thought was Lara. Lara has become separated from her and Yuri's child, and enlists Yevgraf's help; Yevgraf, however, is unable to find her daughter.


At the end of the story, the Girl leaves the meeting with Yevgraf with her boyfriend. Yevgraf notes the girl has a balalaika on her back, and after being informed of her "gift" by her boyfriend, is convinced that she is indeed the daughter of Yuri and Lara, thus bringing a coda to the framing device.


Background

Taglines: A tagline is a variant of a branding slogan typically used in marketing materials and advertising. ...

  • A love caught in the fire of Revolution.
  • In a land of guns and ice, there is the great sound of battle and the greater silence of lovers

This famous film version by David Lean was created for various reasons. Lean, coming off of the huge success of Lawrence of Arabia (1962), wanted to make a more intimate, romantic film to balance the action- and adventure-oriented tone of his previous film. One of the first actors signed onboard was Omar Sharif, who had played Lawrence's right-hand man Sherif Ali in Lawrence. Sharif loved the novel, and when he heard Lean was making a film adaptation, he requested to be cast in the role of Pasha (which ultimately went to Tom Courtenay). Sharif was quite surprised when Lean suggested that he play Zhivago himself. (Peter O'Toole, star of Lawrence, was Lean's original choice for Zhivago but turned the part down.) Rod Steiger was cast as Komarovsky after Marlon Brando and James Mason turned the part down. Sir David Lean, KBE (March 25, 1908 – April 16, 1991) was an English film director and producer, best remembered for big-screen epics such as Lawrence of Arabia, The Bridge on the River Kwai, and Doctor Zhivago . ... Lawrence of Arabia is an award-winning 1962 film based on the life of T. E. Lawrence. ... For Pakistani actor of same name see Umer Sharif. ... Tom Courtenay (pronounced Courtney) (born February 25, 1937) is a British actor who came to prominence in the early 1960s with a succession of critically-acclaimed films including The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner (1962), Billy Liar (1963) and Dr. Zhivago (1965). ... Peter Seamus OToole (born Peter James OToole on August 2, 1932) is an eight-time Academy Award-nominated actor. ... Rod Steiger (April 14, 1925 – July 9, 2002) was an American actor. ... Marlon Brando, Jr. ... James Neville Mason (May 15, 1909 – July 27, 1984) was a three-time Academy Award nominated English actor who attained stardom in both British and American films. ...


The movie was filmed largely in Spain, with the entire Moscow set being built from scratch outside of Madrid. Most of the scenes covering Zhivago and Lara's service in World War I were filmed in Soria. Some of the winter sequences were filmed in Finland (though the "ice castle" was also in Spain, a house covered in frozen beeswax). Winter scenes of the family escaping to Yuriatin by rail were filmed in Canada. Location Position of Moscow in Europe Government Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Geographical characteristics Area  - City 1,081 km² Population  - City (2007)    - Density 10,469,000   9684. ... Motto: De Madrid al Cielo (From Madrid to Heaven) Coordinates: Country Spain Autonomous Community Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid Province Madrid Administrative Divisions 21 Neighborhoods 127 Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón (PP) Area  - Land 607 km² (234. ... Soria is a city in north-central Spain, the capital of the province of Soria in the autonomous community of Castile-Leon. ...


The charge of the Partisans across the frozen lake was filmed in Spain; a cast iron sheet was placed over a dried river-bed, and fake snow (mostly marble dust) was added on top. Most of the winter scenes were filmed in warm temperatures, sometimes of up to ninety degrees Fahrenheit.


Book vs. Movie

Spoilers


The film version of Zhivago is faithful to the book in a general sense; the basic plot remains the same, and storywise there are relatively few deviations from the novel. However, many of the subplots - particularly regarding the novel's historical/political facets - were glossed over or edited down. Nearly half of the book's characters were excised or had their parts reduced (particularly Anna Gromeko, Pasha, and Liberius the Partisan commander). Other characters (most notably Kuril, the Bolshevik deserter, Commissar Razin, and Petya, the Varykino groundskeeper) were created as an amalgamation of characters from the book which had been excised from the film version. Many reviewers have criticized the film in particular for reducing the depiction of World War I to a mere five minute narration sequence, and a similar treatment of Zhivago's service with the Partisans, which took up nearly seventy pages of the novel. Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nikolay II Aleksey Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Robert Nivelle Herbert H. Asquith D. Lloyd George Sir Douglas Haig Sir John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna...


It should be noted that most of these cuts were made or advocated by David Lean; screenwriter Robert Bolt's original screenplay dealt with the political/historical aspects of the book in a more in-depth, if still abbreviated manner. The scenes of Yuri's service with and escaped from the Partisans included scenes where Liberius executes mortally wounded Partisans; Zhivago's horse, after his escape, is killed for food by a group of homeless children; and Zhivago coming across a group of children who are, it is hinted, cannibalizing the bodies of their parents. Robert Oxton Bolt (August 15, 1924 – February 12, 1995) was an English playwright and screenwriter. ...


Perhaps the biggest change in characterization is of the Pasha character. In the book, Pasha is a revolutionary dilettante and an apolitical military leader; his ultimate fall from grace is because of the fact that he is not a true Bolshevik. In the film, however, Bolt depicts him as a hardcore Bolshevik from the beginning, though his character still develops into a more ruthless individual over the course of the story. Bolt wanted to include the book's scene where the disgraced Strelnikov returned to Varykino, met with Zhivago, and then committed suicide; Lean, however, decided to cut it out, and Strelnikov's fate was dealt with through dialogue spoken by Komarovsky.


The present-day subplot involving Yevgraf's interview of The Girl several decades after the story's main events was added as a narration/framing device to help move along the story. Omar Sharif later joked that it was added to reassure the audience that Yuri and Lara would ultimately get together, even though the audience would have to wait until two hours into the film for it to happen.


Reception

Despite being a huge box office hit (and being nominated for, and winning, several Academy Awards), Zhivago also gained a staggering amount of criticism from reviewers, largely for its length and depiction of the romance between Zhivago and Lara. Lean took these criticisms very personally, and claimed at the time that he would never make another film again. However, numerous critics - including Richard Schickel - defended Zhivago, and its box office success allowed Lean to write off his critics. Lean would make Ryan's Daughter (1970) a few years later before going fifteen years until making his final film, A Passage to India (1984). Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... Richard Warren Schickel (b. ... Ryans Daughter is David Leans 1970 film which tells the story of an Irish girl who has an affair with a British soldier during World War I, despite opposition from her nationalist neighbours. ... A Passage to India is a 1984 film directed by David Lean, based on the novel of the same name by E. M. Forster. ...


Nonetheless, Lean's production of Zhivago has stood the test of time. The film left an indelible mark on popular culture and fashion, and to this day remains an extremely popular film: Maurice Jarre's haunting score - particularly Lara's Theme - became one of the most famous in cinematic history. Over the years, the film's critical reputation has gained in stature, and today Zhivago is considered to be one of Lean's finest works and is highly critically acclaimed, along with Lawrence and Bridge on the River Kwai. In 1998, the American Film Institute ranked Doctor Zhivago #39 on its "100 Greatest Movies" list. Maurice Jarre (born in Lyon, France, September 13, 1924) is a French composer of film scores, noted for his use of the Ondes Martenot, and for the scores of many films including a series of David Lean films, Lawrence of Arabia, Doctor Zhivago (1965), Ryans Daughter (1970) and A... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... The Bridge over the River Kwai taken in June 2004. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ... The American Film Institute (AFI) is an independent non-profit organization created by the National Endowment for the Arts, which was established in 1967 when President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities Act. ... Part of the AFI 100 Years. ...


As with the novel itself, the film was banned in the Soviet Union. It was not shown in Russia until 1994.


Primary cast

For Pakistani actor of same name see Umer Sharif. ... Julie Frances Christie (born 14 April 1941) is an English Academy Award-winning film actress. ... Geraldine Chaplin (born July 31, 1944 in Santa Monica, California) is an Anglo-American actress. ... Rod Steiger (April 14, 1925 – July 9, 2002) was an American actor. ... Sir Alec Guinness CH CBE (April 2, 1914 – August 5, 2000) was an Academy Award and Tony Award-winning English actor who became one of the most versatile and best-loved performers of his generation. ... Tom Courtenay (pronounced Courtney) (born February 25, 1937) is a British actor who came to prominence in the early 1960s with a succession of critically-acclaimed films including The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner (1962), Billy Liar (1963) and Dr. Zhivago (1965). ... Siobhán McKenna (May 24, 1922 - November 16, 1986), was a Irish stage and screen actress. ... Sir Ralph David Richardson (19 December 1902 – 10 October 1983) was an English actor, one of a group of theatrical knights of the mid-20th century who, though more closely associated with the stage, did their best to make the transition to film. ... Rita Tushingham (b. ... Adrienne Corri is an actress born on 13 November 1933 in Glasgow, Scotland of Italian parentage. ... Klaus Kinski. ... Gérard Tichy (also Gerard Tichy, Gerhard Tichi, and Gerardo Tichy) was a Spanish actor of French dissent, who appeared in numerous movies, including several international productions. ... Noel Willman as the sinister Dr. Ravna in the Hammer horror film The Kiss of the Vampire (1963) Noel Willman (August 4, 1918 in Derry, Ireland - December 14, 1988 in New York) was a British actor and theatre director. ... Kay as Wolf in Foyles War: The White Feather (2002). ... Jack MacGowran Jack MacGowran, (October 13, 1918 - January 31, 1973) was an Irish-born character actor. ... Geoffrey Keen (21 August 1916 – 3 November 2005) was a British actor who appeared in supporting roles in many famous films. ...

Awards

Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture - Drama has been awarded annually since 1944 by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association. ... Golden Globe Award for Best Director - Motion Picture has been awarded annually since 1944 by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association. ... Sir David Lean, KBE (March 25, 1908 – April 16, 1991) was an English film director and producer, best remembered for big-screen epics such as Lawrence of Arabia, The Bridge on the River Kwai, and Doctor Zhivago . ... The Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture - Drama was first awarded by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association as a separate category in 1951. ... For Pakistani actor of same name see Umer Sharif. ... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... Robert Oxton Bolt (August 15, 1924 – February 12, 1995) was an English playwright and screenwriter. ... The Academy Award for Writing Adapted Screenplay is one of the Academy Awards, the most prominent film awards in the United States. ... Robert Oxton Bolt (August 15, 1924 – February 12, 1995) was an English playwright and screenwriter. ... The Academy Awards are the oldest awards ceremony for achievements in motion pictures. ... John Allan Hyatt Box OBE, ( January 27, 1920– March 7, 2005), was a British film production designer and art director. ... There have been a number of people named Terry Marsh: Terence Marsh is an award winning production designer. ... From Rule Sixteen of the Special Rules for The Music Awards Original Score: An original score is a substantial body of music in the form of dramatic underscoring written specifically for the film by the submitting composer. ... Maurice Jarre (born in Lyon, France, September 13, 1924) is a French composer of film scores, noted for his use of the Ondes Martenot, and for the scores of many films including a series of David Lean films, Lawrence of Arabia, Doctor Zhivago (1965), Ryans Daughter (1970) and A... The Grammy Award for Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media has been awarded since 1960. ... Maurice Jarre (born in Lyon, France, September 13, 1924) is a French composer of film scores, noted for his use of the Ondes Martenot, and for the scores of many films including a series of David Lean films, Lawrence of Arabia, Doctor Zhivago (1965), Ryans Daughter (1970) and A... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... Maurice Jarre (born in Lyon, France, September 13, 1924) is a French composer of film scores, noted for his use of the Ondes Martenot, and for the scores of many films including a series of David Lean films, Lawrence of Arabia, Doctor Zhivago (1965), Ryans Daughter (1970) and A... The Academy Award for Best Cinematography is awarded each year to a cinematographer for his work in one particular motion picture. ... Freddie Young (9th October, 1902 - 1st December, 1998), (sometimes credited as Frederick A. Young) was one of Britains most distinguished and influential cinematographers. ... This Academy Award was first given for movies made in 1948 when separate awards were given for black-and-white and color movies. ...

Award nominations

// The Academy Award for Best Motion Picture is one of the Academy Awards, awards given to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, which are voted on by others within the industry. ... The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), is a British organization that hosts annual awards shows for film, television, childrens film and television, and interactive media. ... Cannes Film Festival logo. ... Palme dOr The Palme dOr (Golden Palm) is the highest prize given to a film at the Cannes Film Festival. ... The Academy Award for Directing is an accolade given to the person that the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences feels was best director of the past year. ... Sir David Lean, KBE (March 25, 1908 – April 16, 1991) was an English film director and producer, best remembered for big-screen epics such as Lawrence of Arabia, The Bridge on the River Kwai, and Doctor Zhivago . ... The Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor is one of the awards given to male actors working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are actors and actresses. ... Tom Courtenay (pronounced Courtney) (born February 25, 1937) is a British actor who came to prominence in the early 1960s with a succession of critically-acclaimed films including The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner (1962), Billy Liar (1963) and Dr. Zhivago (1965). ... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... Geraldine Chaplin (born July 31, 1944 in Santa Monica, California) is an Anglo-American actress. ... The Academy Award for Film Editing was first given for films issued in 1934. ... The Academy Award for Sound Mixing is an Academy Award that recognizes the finest or most aesthetic sound mixing or recording, and is generally awarded to the production sound mixers and re-recording mixers of the winning film. ... For alternate meanings of MGM, see MGM (disambiguation). ...

Academy Awards

Award Person
Best Costume Design Phyllis Dalton
Best Art Direction John Box
Terence Marsh
Dario Simoni
Best Cinematography Freddie Young
Best Adapted Screenplay Robert Bolt
Best Music Maurice Jarre
Nominated:
Best Director David Lean
Best Supporting Actor Tom Courtenay
Best Film Editing Norman Savage
Best Picture Carlo Ponti
Best Sound A.W. Watkins
Franklin Milton

This Academy Award was first given for movies made in 1948 when separate awards were given for black-and-white and color movies. ... The Academy Awards are the oldest awards ceremony for achievements in motion pictures. ... John Allan Hyatt Box OBE, ( January 27, 1920– March 7, 2005), was a British film production designer and art director. ... The Academy Award for Best Cinematography is awarded each year to a cinematographer for his work in one particular motion picture. ... Freddie Young (9th October, 1902 - 1st December, 1998), (sometimes credited as Frederick A. Young) was one of Britains most distinguished and influential cinematographers. ... The Academy Award for Writing Adapted Screenplay is one of the Academy Awards, the most prominent film awards in the United States. ... Robert Oxton Bolt (August 15, 1924 – February 12, 1995) was an English playwright and screenwriter. ... From Rule Sixteen of the Special Rules for The Music Awards Original Score: An original score is a substantial body of music in the form of dramatic underscoring written specifically for the film by the submitting composer. ... Maurice Jarre (born in Lyon, France, September 13, 1924) is a French composer of film scores, noted for his use of the Ondes Martenot, and for the scores of many films including a series of David Lean films, Lawrence of Arabia, Doctor Zhivago (1965), Ryans Daughter (1970) and A... The Academy Award for Directing is one of the awards given to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; the awards are voted on by other people within the industry. ... Sir David Lean, KBE (March 25, 1908 – April 16, 1991) was an English film director and producer, best remembered for big-screen epics such as Lawrence of Arabia, The Bridge on the River Kwai, and Doctor Zhivago . ... The Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor is one of the awards given to male actors working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are actors and actresses. ... Tom Courtenay (pronounced Courtney) (born February 25, 1937) is a British actor who came to prominence in the early 1960s with a succession of critically-acclaimed films including The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner (1962), Billy Liar (1963) and Dr. Zhivago (1965). ... // The Academy Award for Best Motion Picture is one of the Academy Awards, awards given to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, which are voted on by others within the industry. ... Carlo Ponti (born December 11, 1912, Magenta, Italy) is an Italian film producer. ... The Academy Award for Sound Mixing is an Academy Award that recognizes the finest or most aesthetic sound mixing or recording, and is generally awarded to the production sound mixers and re-recording mixers of the winning film. ...

Trivia

  • Adjusted for inflation, Zhivago is the 8th highest grossing movie ever to be released in the United States.
  • Current US Supreme Court Chief Justice John Roberts named Zhivago as one of his favorite films during his confirmation hearings (see here for context).
  • The film's portrayal of Strelnikov is based on Leon Trotsky, while the book's portrayal of him more closely resembled Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky.
  • Alec Guinness and David Lean quarreled frequently on the set of the film. Lean often insulted Guinness on the set, saying he was "too old" to play Yevgraf in the scenes of him as a young man and accusing him of drinking. The two men had a falling out and subsequently did not work together again until A Passage to India (1984) (see Piers Paul Read, Alec Guinness: The Authorized Biography, pp. 382-4). Guinness had wanted to play Alexander (who was ultimately played by Ralph Richardson) but Lean convinced to him to be Yevgraf.
  • Rod Steiger frequently improvised on the set, most notably his French-kissing of Julie Christie during the sleigh scene and his slapping Christie with his glove during the prelude to his rape of her.
  • While filming the scene where the woman from the burnt village (Lili Murati) jumps onto the moving train, Murati can be seen slipping and falling under the train. The shot in the film is of this actually happening. Murati was seriously injured, but despite rumors to the contrary, she did not actually lose her legs in the accident. Snopes article
  • Tom Courtenay and Rod Steiger became very close friends on the set of this film and remained such until Steiger's death in 2002.
  • Julie Christie turned down the part of Lara several times before ultimately accepting it. Christie was cast because Lean was impressed by her "look" in Billy Liar (1963), in which she had appeared with Tom Courtenay.
  • The young Yuri Zhivago is played by Omar Sharif's son Tarek.
  • Carlo Ponti had purchased the rights to the book intending for it to star his wife, Sophia Loren, but David Lean convinced Ponti she was "too tall" to play Lara.
  • During the filming of the demonstration scene where the demonstrators sing the Internationale, citizens of the town where it was filmed had thought that Spanish dictator General Franco had died and began celebrating. Local police had also heard the singing and had to be convinced by the production company that it was a movie, rather than a real revolution (see the DVD documentary and commentary, as well as Kevin Brownlow: David Lean).
  • Yevgraf's alias of Petrov, which he gives while enlisting during World War I, was one of the first pseudonyms used by Lenin during his early days as a Bolshevik agitator.
  • The fictional town of Yuriatin was based on the real-life town of Perm, a town in the Ural Mountains which frequently changed hands between the Reds and Whites throughout the Civil War.
  • The Partisans' charge across a frozen lake is a reference to the famous Soviet propaganda film Alexander Nevsky (1938).
  • Though the charge of the dragoons has been compared by many to the Odessa Steps scene in Battleship Potemkin (1925), the scene was not a reference for the reason that Lean had never seen the film.
  • Geraldine Chaplin based her performance as Tonya very closely on her mother Oona O'Neill, whom she described as "a woman who was willing to give her life to an artist."
  • Another possible choice for Lara was Sarah Miles. Robert Bolt disagreed, referring to Miles (his future wife) as "a North Country slut".
  • Lean initially lobbied for Audrey Hepburn to play Tonya, but was so impressed by Geraldine Chaplin's screen test that he cast her on the spot.
  • William Smith's character in the film Red Dawn is named Colonel Strelnikov, possibly a reference to this movie.
  • The James Bond film GoldenEye (1995) features a villain, Alec Trevalyan (Sean Bean), who uses an armored military train as his headquarters, akin to Strelnikov.

... John Glover Roberts Jr. ...   (Russian: Лев Давидович Троцкий, Lev Davidovich Trotsky, also transliterated Leo, Lev, Trotskii, Trotski, Trotskij, Trockij and Trotzky) (November 7 [O.S. October 26] 1879 – August 21, 1940), born Lev Davidovich Bronstein (Лев Давидович Бронштейн), was a Ukrainian-born Bolshevik revolutionary and Marxist theorist. ... Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky (Polish: Feliks DzierżyÅ„ski, Russian: Феликс Эдмундович Дзержинский, Belarusian: Фелікс Эдмундавіч Дзяржынскі; September 11, 1877 [O.S. August 30] –July 20, 1926) was a Polish Communist revolutionary, famous as the founder of the Bolshevik secret police, the Cheka, later known by many names during the history of the Soviet... Sir Alec Guinness CH CBE (April 2, 1914 – August 5, 2000) was an Academy Award and Tony Award-winning English actor who became one of the most versatile and best-loved performers of his generation. ... Sir David Lean, KBE (March 25, 1908 – April 16, 1991) was an English film director and producer, best remembered for big-screen epics such as Lawrence of Arabia, The Bridge on the River Kwai, and Doctor Zhivago . ... A Passage to India is a 1984 film directed by David Lean, based on the novel of the same name by E. M. Forster. ... Piers Paul Read (born March 7, 1941 in Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire, UK) is a novelist and non-fiction British writer and author. ... Sir Ralph David Richardson (19 December 1902 – 10 October 1983) was an English actor, one of a group of theatrical knights of the mid-20th century who, though more closely associated with the stage, did their best to make the transition to film. ... Rod Steiger (April 14, 1925 – July 9, 2002) was an American actor. ... Julie Frances Christie (born 14 April 1941) is an English Academy Award-winning film actress. ... Tom Courtenay (pronounced Courtney) (born February 25, 1937) is a British actor who came to prominence in the early 1960s with a succession of critically-acclaimed films including The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner (1962), Billy Liar (1963) and Dr. Zhivago (1965). ... Rod Steiger (April 14, 1925 – July 9, 2002) was an American actor. ... Julie Frances Christie (born 14 April 1941) is an English Academy Award-winning film actress. ... Billy Liar is a 1963 film based on the novel by Keith Waterhouse. ... Tom Courtenay (pronounced Courtney) (born February 25, 1937) is a British actor who came to prominence in the early 1960s with a succession of critically-acclaimed films including The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner (1962), Billy Liar (1963) and Dr. Zhivago (1965). ... For Pakistani actor of same name see Umer Sharif. ... Carlo Ponti (born December 11, 1912, Magenta, Italy) is an Italian film producer. ... Sophia Loren (born September 20, 1934) is a motion picture and stage, Academy Award-winning actress, widely considered to be the most popular Italian performer. ... Sir David Lean, KBE (March 25, 1908 – April 16, 1991) was an English film director and producer, best remembered for big-screen epics such as Lawrence of Arabia, The Bridge on the River Kwai, and Doctor Zhivago . ... The Internationale (LInternationale in French) is the most famous socialist song and one of the most widely recognized songs in the world. ... Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco Bahamonde (4 December 1892–20 November or possibly 19 November[1] 1975), abbreviated Francisco Franco Bahamonde and commonly known as Caudillo or Generalísimo Francisco Franco (pron. ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nikolay II Aleksey Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Robert Nivelle Herbert H. Asquith D. Lloyd George Sir Douglas Haig Sir John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna... Vladimir Ilyich Lenin ( Russian: Влади́мир Ильи́ч Ле́нин  listen?), original surname Ulyanov (Улья́нов) ( April 22 (April 10 ( O.S.)), 1870 – January 21, 1924), was a... Location Position of Perm in Russia Government Country Federal district Federal subject Russia Volga Federal District Perm Krai Mayor Igor Nikolayevich Shubin Geographical characteristics Area  - City    - Land    - Water 799. ... Map of the Ural Mountains The Ural Mountains (Russian: , Uralskiye gory) (also known as the Urals, the Riphean Mountains in Greco-Roman antiquity, and known as the Stone Belt) are a mountain range that runs roughly north and south through western Russia. ... Red Army flag The Workers and Peasants Red Army (Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия, Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya; RKKA or usually simply the Red Army) were the armed forces first organized by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918 and that in 1922 became the army of the Soviet Union. ... White army may refer to: The military arm of the White movement, a loose coalition of anti-Bolshevik forces in the Russian Civil War The Saudi Arabian National Guard The National Guard of Kuwait This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise... Alexander Nevsky is a film directed by Sergei Eisenstein and Dmitry Vasiliev released in 1938, during the Stalin era, with Nikolai Cherkasov in the title role. ... For the battleship, see Russian battleship Potemkin article Броненосец Потемкин (1925) (variously Bronenosec Potemkin, Battleship Potemkin, Battleship Potyomkin and The Battleship Potemkin) is a 1925 silent film directed by Sergei Eisenstein. ... Geraldine Chaplin (born July 31, 1944 in Santa Monica, California) is an Anglo-American actress. ... Oona ONeill, Lady Chaplin (May 13, 1926 – September 27, 1991) was the daughter of Nobel and Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright Eugene ONeill and his second wife, writer Agnes Boulton, and the fourth wife of actor Charlie Chaplin. ... Sarah Miles (born 31 December 1941) is an English theater and film actress. ... North Country is a common place name: The North Country is a region of Upstate New York in the United States. ... Audrey Hepburn (May 4, 1929 – January 20, 1993) was an Academy Award-winning Dutch-British actress of film and theatre, Broadway stage performer, ballerina, fashion model, and humanitarian. ... William Smith (born March 24, 1934 in Columbia, Missouri, USA) is an American actor. ... Approximate map of the events described in the movie Red Dawn is a 1984 film by John Milius about an invasion of the United States by the Soviet Union and Cuba, and the resulting guerrilla actions of a group of American high school students in the town of Calumet, Colorado. ... Flemings commissioned image of James Bond to aid the Daily Express comic strip artists. ... GoldenEye is the 17th James Bond film and the first to star Pierce Brosnan in the role as the British secret agent. ... Shaun Mark Bean (born 17 April 1959) is an English film and stage actor. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Doctor Zhivago
  • Doctor Zhivago at the Internet Movie Database
  • Masterpiece Theatre | Doctor Zhivago
  • Pasternak, Boris: Doctor Zhivago
  • Борис Пастернак/Доктор Живаго | site in Russian
  • Сериал Доктор Живаго (2005) | site in Russian
  • Homegrown Doctor Zhivago to Debut on Russian Television
David Lean
1940s In Which We Serve (with Noel Coward) | This Happy Breed | Blithe Spirit | Brief Encounter | Great Expectations | Oliver Twist | The Passionate Friends
1950s Madeleine | The Sound Barrier | Hobson's Choice | Summertime | The Bridge on the River Kwai
1960s Lawrence of Arabia | Doctor Zhivago
1970s Ryan's Daughter
1980s A Passage to India
Television Lost and Found: The Story of Cook's Anchor (1979)

 
 

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