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Encyclopedia > Doc Holliday
John Henry "Doc" Holliday

Holliday's dental school graduation photo, age 20, 1872
Born 1851-08-14
Died 1887-11-08
Other names Doc Holliday
Occupation Dentist
Known for Gunfight at the O.K. Corral

John Henry "Doc" Holliday (August 14, 1851November 8, 1887) was an American dentist, gambler, and gunfighter of the American Old West frontier who is usually remembered for his friendship with Wyatt Earp and the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Image File history File links Doc_HollidayatAge20. ... X-rays can reveal if a person has cavities Dentistry is the practical application of knowledge of dental science (the science of placement, arrangement, function of teeth) to human beings. ... Newspaper coverage of the fight. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1851 (MDCCCLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the dental profession. ... Gamble redirects here. ... Categories: Stock characters | Stub ... The cowboy, the quintessential symbol of the American Old West, circa 1887. ... Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp (March 19, 1848–January 13, 1929) was an American farmer, teamster, sometime buffalo hunter, officer of the law in various Western frontier towns, gambler, saloon-keeper, and miner. ... Newspaper coverage of the fight. ...

Autographed photo of Holliday taken in 1879 in Prescott, Arizona
Autographed photo of Holliday taken in 1879 in Prescott, Arizona
Supposed photo of Holliday in Tombstone, AZ. 1882.
Supposed photo of Holliday in Tombstone, AZ. 1882.

Contents

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links HollidayLcollar2. ... Image File history File links HollidayLcollar2. ...

Biography

Genealogy and education

"Doc" Holliday was born in Griffin, Georgia, to Henry Burroughs Holliday and Alice Jane Holliday (née McKey).[1] His father served in both the Mexican-American War and the Civil War.[2] Griffin is a city in Spalding County, Georgia, United States. ... The French word née (feminine) or né (masculine) (or the English word nee) is still commonly used in some newspapers when mentioning the maiden name of a woman in engagement or wedding announcements. ... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia José Mariá Flores Strength 78,790 soldiers 25,000–40,000 soldiers Casualties KIA: 1733 Total dead: 13,271 Wounded: 4,152 AWOL: 9,200+ 25,000... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total...


Holliday's mother died of tuberculosis on September 16, 1866, when he was 15 years old.[1] Three months later his father married Rachel Martin. Shortly after the marriage, the family moved to Valdosta, Georgia, where Holliday attended the Valdosta Institute. There he received a strong classical secondary education in rhetoric, grammar, mathematics, history, and languages — principally Latin, but also French and some ancient Greek.[3] Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for tubercle bacillus or Tuberculosis) is a common and deadly infectious disease caused by mycobacteria, mainly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ... is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... The city of Valdosta is the county seat of Lowndes County, Georgia, United States. ... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ...


In 1870, 19 year-old Holliday left home to begin dental school in Philadelphia. On March 1, 1872, he received the degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery from the Pennsylvania College of Dental Surgery.[1] Later that year he opened a dental office with Arthur C. Ford in Atlanta.[3] For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Doctor of Dental Medicine. ... The Pennsylvania College of Dental Sugery was founded in 1856 in Philadelphia by the faculty of the short-lived Philadelphia College of Dental Surgery. ... Atlanta redirects here. ...


Health

At birth he had a cleft palate and partly cleft lip. At two months of age, this defect was repaired surgically by Holliday's uncle, J.S. Holliday, M.D., and a family cousin, the famous physician Crawford Long. The repair left no speech impediment though speech therapy was needed, which was conducted by his mother.[4] However, the repair is visible in Holliday's upper lip-line in the one authentic adult portrait-photograph which survives, taken on the occasion of his graduation from dental school. A more recent Holliday biographer, Gary L. Roberts, however, argues that it is unlikely that an infant as young as two months would have undergone cleft palate surgery in that era, as most such operations were postponed until the child was around two years old. He argues that if one had been performed on Holliday during his early infancy, it would have been recorded in local and national media and medical journals. Thus, he thinks it doubtful that Holliday had a cleft palate at all, and dismisses claims that a surgical scar is visible in the graduation photograph. This graduation portrait, taken at the age of 20, supports accounts that Holliday had ash-blond hair. In early adulthood he stood about 5 feet 10 inches (178 cm) tall and weighed about 160 pounds (70 kg).[3] Cleft palate is a condition in which the two plates of the skull that form the hard palate (roof of the mouth) are not completely joined. ... Crawford Long. ...


Shortly after beginning his dental practice, Holliday was diagnosed with tuberculosis (generally called "consumption" in that era). It is possible Holliday contracted the disease from his mother, though no one would have thought this at the time as tuberculosis was not known to be contagious until 1882. He was given only a few months to live, but thought moving to the drier and warmer southwestern United States might reduce the deterioration of his health.[1][3][5] Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for tubercle bacillus or Tuberculosis) is a common and deadly infectious disease caused by mycobacteria, mainly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ... The Southwest could be defined as the states south, or for the most part west of the Mississippi River, with the qualification of a certain northern limit, such as the 37, or 38, or 39, or 40 degree north line. ...


Early travels

In September 1873, he went to Dallas, Texas, where he opened a dental office at 56 Elm Street, about four blocks east of the site of today's Dealey Plaza.[6] He soon began gambling and realized this was a more profitable source of income. On May 12, 1874, Holliday and 12 others were indicted in Dallas for illegal gambling.[6] He was arrested in Dallas in January 1875 after trading gunfire with a saloon-keeper, but no one was injured and he was found not guilty.[1] He moved his offices to Denison, Texas, and after being found guilty of, and fined for, "gaming" in Dallas, he decided to leave the state.[3] For other uses, see Dallas (disambiguation). ... Dealey Plaza (Warren Commission exhibit #876) Dealey Plaza (IPA pronunciation: ), in the historic West End district of downtown Dallas, Texas (USA), is infamous as the location of the John F. Kennedy assassination on November 22, 1963. ... Motto: A jewel at the crossing of a great river! Location of Denison, Texas Coordinates: , Country State County Grayson Founded 1872 Government  - Mayor Robert Brady Area  - Total 22. ...


In the years that followed, Holliday had many more such disagreements, fueled by a hot temper and an attitude that death by gun or knife was better than by tuberculosis. The alcohol Holliday used to control his cough may also have contributed. Further, there was the practical matter that a professional gambler, working on his own at the edge of the law, had to be able to back up disputed points of play with at least a threat of force. Over time, Holliday continued traveling on the western mining frontier where gambling was most likely to be lucrative and legal. Holliday was in Denver, Cheyenne, and Deadwood (site of the gold rush in the Dakota Territory) in the fall of 1876. It was possibly that winter, in Deadwood, that Holliday first heard of Wyatt Earp, who was there at the time. This article refers to the state capital of Colorado. ... For other uses, see Cheyenne (disambiguation). ... Deadwood is a weekly HBO television drama that premiered in March 2004. ... For other meanings, see Gold rush (disambiguation) A gold rush is a period of feverish migration of workers into the area of a dramatic discovery of commercial quantities of gold. ... Dakota Territory was the name of the northernmost part of the Louisiana Purchase of the United States. ... Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp (March 19, 1848–January 13, 1929) was an American farmer, teamster, sometime buffalo hunter, officer of the law in various Western frontier towns, gambler, saloon-keeper, and miner. ...


By 1877, Holliday was in Fort Griffin, Texas, where Wyatt Earp remembered first meeting him. They were initially introduced through mutual friend John Shanssey. The two began to form an unlikely friendship; Earp more even-tempered and controlled, Holliday more hot-headed and impulsive. This friendship was cemented in 1878 in Dodge City, Kansas, where both Earp and Holliday had traveled to make money gambling with the cowboys who drove cattle from Texas. On the side, Holliday was still practicing dentistry from his rooms in Dodge City, as indicated in an 1878 Dodge newspaper advertisement (he promised money back for less than complete customer satisfaction), but this is the last known time he attempted practice. In an interview printed in a newspaper later in his life, he said that he only practiced dentistry "for about 5 years."[citation needed] Fort Griffin was a Cavalry fort established in the late 1860s in northwest Texas, specifically northwestern Shackelford County, to give settlers protection from early Comanche and Kiowa raids. ... John Shanssey (March 23, 1848 - ?) was an American boxer, gambler, saloon owner, and Mayor of Yuma, most known for introducing Wyatt Earp to Doc Holliday In 1868 John Shanssey fought Mike Donovan in a boxxing macth in Cheyenne Wyoming. ... For the 1939 western movie, see Dodge City (1939 film). ...


Dedicated gambler, gunman reputation

An incident in September 1878 had Earp, at the time a deputy city marshal, surrounded by men who had "the drop" on him. Holliday, who currently owned a bar in the town and was dealing faro (as he did throughout his life), left the bar coming from another angle to cover the group with a gun, either shot or threatened to shoot one of these men. Earp afterward always credited Holliday with saving his life that day.[citation needed] Many other accounts of Holliday's involvement in gunfights, however, are sometimes exaggerated. He had several documented saloon altercations involving small shootings where he was accounted as fast as Wild Bill Hickok's gun, though he was drunk and sometimes missed entirely.[citation needed] Marshal (also sometimes spelled marshall in American English, but not in British English) is a word used in several official titles of various branches of society. ... Faro is a card game, a descendant of Basset. ... Not to be confused with William Wild Bill Hickok, American football player. ...


One documented instance happened when Holliday was employed during a railroad dispute. On July 19, 1879, Holliday and noted gunman John Joshua Webb were seated in a saloon in Las Vegas, New Mexico when a former U.S. Army scout named Mike Gordon began yelling loudly at one of the saloon girls. When Gordon stormed from the saloon, Holliday followed him. Gordon produced his pistol and fired one shot, missing. Holliday immediately drew his gun and fired, killing Gordon. Holliday was placed on trial for the shooting but was acquitted, mostly based on the testimony of Webb.[7] is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... John Joshua Webb (February 14th 1847 - 1882) was a noted lawman turned gunfighter and outlaw of the old west. ... The Plaza Hotel, built in 1881, on the Plaza of West Las Vegas. ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... Mixed reconnaissance patrol of the Polish Home Army and the Soviet Red Army during Operation Tempest, 1944 Reconnaissance is the military term for the active gathering of information about an enemy, or other conditions, by physical observation. ...


Tombstone, Arizona Territory

Dodge was not a frontier town for long; by 1879 it had become too respectable for the kinds of people who had seen it through its early days. For many, it was time to move on to places not yet reached by the civilizing railroad, places money was being made. Holliday, by this time, was as well known for his gunfighter reputation as for his gambling, though the latter was his trade and the former simply a reputation. Through his friendship with Wyatt and the other Earp brothers, especially Morgan and Virgil, Holliday made his way to the silver-mining boom town of Tombstone, Arizona Territory, in September 1880. The Earps had been there since December 1879, some accounts state the Earps sent for Holliday when they realized the problems they faced in their feud with the Cowboy faction. In Tombstone, Holliday quickly became embroiled in the local politics and violence that led up to the famous Gunfight at the O.K. Corral in October 1881. Newspaper coverage of the fight. ... Morgan Earp, about 1881, in Tombstone. ... Virgil Walter Earp (July 18, 1843 in Hartford, Kentucky - October 19, 1905 in Goldfield, Nevada) was one of the men involved in the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral. ... Tombstone is a city in Cochise County, Arizona, USA, founded in 1879 in what was then the Arizona Territory. ... For the Confederate States of America territory, see Arizona Territory (CSA). ... Newspaper coverage of the fight. ...


The gunfight happened in the vacant lot and street immediately next to Fly's boarding house where Holliday had a room, the day after a late-night argument between Holliday and Ike Clanton. The Clantons and McLaurys collected in the lot before being confronted by the Earps, and Holliday likely thought they were there specifically to assassinate him. Ike Clanton, Tombstone, about 1881. ...


Testimony from an eyewitness[who?] who saw the fight begin with a "nickle plated pistol" and a blast of unusual smoke suggests Holliday may have started the gunfight despite town marshal Virgil Earp's attempts to calmly disarm the cowboys. It is known Holliday carried Virgil's Coach Gun into the fight; he was given the weapon just before the fight by Earp, as Holliday was wearing a long coat which could conceal it. Virgil Earp took Holliday's walking stick: by not going conspicuously armed, Virgil was seeking to avoid panic in the citizenry of Tombstone, and in the Clantons and McLaurys. A Coach Gun is a double-barrel shotgun, traditionally configured with 12 gauge barrels approximately 18 in length placed side by side (SxS). ...


The strategy failed: while Virgil held up the cane, one witness saw a man, almost certainly Holliday, poke a Cowboy in the chest with the shotgun then step back. Shortly thereafter, Holliday used his weapon to kill Tom McLaury, the only man to sustain shotgun wounds — a fatal buckshot charge to the chest. This probably happened quite early in the fight, before Holliday fired a pistol, though scenarios in how the slight and tubercular Holliday held a pistol with one hand and a double-barreled shotgun in the other during the gunfight are speculated. Ike Clanton was never hit.


An inquest and arraignment hearing determined the gunfight was not a criminal act on the part of Holliday and the Earps. The situation in Tombstone soon grew worse when Virgil Earp was ambushed and permanently injured in December 1881, then Morgan Earp was ambushed and killed in March 1882. After Morgan's murder, the Earps, their families, and Holliday fled town. In Tucson, while Wyatt, Warren Earp, and Holliday were escorting the wounded Virgil Earp and his wife Allie to California, they prevented another ambush and this could have been the possible start of the vendetta against Morgan's killers. , Tucson (pronounced ) is the seat of Pima County, Arizona, United States, located 118 miles (188 km) southeast of Phoenix and 60 miles (98 km) north of the U.S.-Mexico border. ... This article is about the U.S state. ...


Earp Vendetta Ride

Main article: Earp Vendetta Ride

The first victim of the vendetta was Frank Stilwell, a former deputy of Johnny Behan's. Stilwell was in Tucson to answer a stage-robbery charge but wound up dead on the tracks in the train yard near the Earps' train. What Stilwell was doing in the train yard has never been explained (he may have been waiting to pick up another man who was supposed to testify in his favor), but Wyatt Earp certainly thought Stilwell was there to do the Earps harm. In his biographies, Wyatt admitted to shooting Stilwell with a shotgun. However, Stilwell was found with two shotgun wounds and three bullet wounds. Holliday, who was with Wyatt that night and said Stilwell and Ike Clanton were waiting in the train yard to assassinate Virgil Earp, is likely the second shooter. Holliday never directly acknowledged his role in Stilwell's killing or those that followed. The Earp Vendetta Ride was a three-week clash between personal enemies and law enforcement parties from different jurisdictions in the Arizona Territory, from March 20 to April 15, 1882. ... Frank C. Stilwell, sometimes misspelled as Stillwell (1856 -March 20th, 1882) was a noted outlaw and sometime deputy sheriff of the Old West. ... Johnny Behan (c. ...


After the Earp families left for California and safety, Holliday, Wyatt, Wyatt's younger brother, Warren, and Wyatt's friends Sherman McMasters, Turkey Creek Jack Johnson, and Texas Jack Vermillion rode on a vendetta for three weeks, during which Curly Bill Brocius and at least two other men thought to be responsible for Morgan's death were killed. Eventually, with warrants out for six of the vendetta posse (including Holliday) in the Arizona Territory for the killing of Stilwell, the group moved to New Mexico, then Colorado, in mid-April 1882. Along that journey, while in New Mexico, Wyatt Earp and Holliday had a minor argument and parted ways, going separately to different parts of Colorado. Warren Earp (March 9th, 1855-July 7th, 1900) was the younger brother of Old West lawman Wyatt Earp and Morgan Earp, as well as the brother of Civil War veterans and lawmen Virgil Earp and James Earp, and Civil War veteran Newton Earp. ... Sherman McMasters was one of the six men involved in the Earp vendetta ride. ... Turkey Creek Jack Johnson (1852?)-(1887?) was one of Wyatt Earps possemen during his infamous vendetta ride. // Jack Johnson was thought to be a former bookkeeper and lawyer, coming from Missouri. ... John Wilson Texas Jack Vermillion Civil War enlistment photo John Wilson Texas Jack Vermillion (1843-1900?). Gunfighter of the Old West known for his participation in the Earp vendetta ride. ... His death was supposedly the most controverial deaths in the old west. ... For other uses, see New Mexico (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Demonym Coloradan Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th in the US  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ...


After the vendetta ride, neither Holliday nor any other member of the party ever returned to Arizona to live. In May 1882, Holliday was arrested in Denver for the Stilwell killing. Due to lack of evidence, Colorado refused to extradite him, although he spent the last two weeks of that month in jail while the issue was decided. He and Wyatt met again in June 1882 in Gunnison after he was released. There is controversy regarding whether any of the Earp vendetta posse slipped briefly back to the Tombstone area to kill Johnny Ringo on July 13, 1882. Biographers of Ringo do not believe it is very likely. Several other known gunmen were also implicated in the death, to include "Buckskin" Frank Leslie, little known gunman Lou Cooley, and gambler Mike O'Rourke. Some believe, however, that Ringo's death was in fact a suicide, as reported. Gunnison is a city located in Gunnison County, Colorado. ... The only known photograph of John Peters Ringo. ... is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Buckskin Frank Leslie (1842-1925?) was a western gunman, most known as the killer of Billy Claiborne, as well as an Indian scout and customs official and prospector. ... Lou Cooley was a cowboy/gunfighter who took part in the Earp/Clanton fighting in Tombstone. ... Mike ORourke (1862-1882), aka Johnny ORourke or Johnny behind the deuce, was a professional gambler of the Old West, whose notoriety is mainly due to Old West lawman and legend Wyatt Earp having saved his life, saving him from being lynched in Tombstone, Arizona in 1881. ... For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ...


Final illness

Holliday spent the rest of his life in Colorado. After a stay in Leadville, he suffered from the effects of the high altitude; as a result of this and his increasing dependence on alcohol and laudanum, often taken by consumptives to ease their symptoms, his health, and evidently his gambling skills, began to deteriorate badly. View of Mount Massive looking west from Harrison Street in downtown Leadville Leadville is the county seat of Lake County, Colorado. ... This article is about the medicine. ...


In 1887, prematurely gray and badly ailing, Holliday made his way to the Hotel Glenwood near the hot springs of Glenwood Springs, Colorado. He hoped to take advantage of the reputed curative power of the waters, but the sulfurous fumes from the spring may have done his lungs more harm than good. As he lay dying, Holliday allegedly asked for a drink of whiskey. Amused, he looked at his bootless feet as he died — no one ever thought that he would die in bed, with his boots off. His reputed last words were, "This is funny." Recent Holliday biographer Gary L. Roberts, however, considers it unlikely that Holliday, who had scarcely left his bed for two months, would have been able to speak coherently, if at all, on the day he died. Despite legend, Wyatt Earp was not present when Holliday died, and did not know of his death until months afterward. Though she later attested to attending him in his final days, it is also highly doubtful that Big Nose Kate was present at his death. Grand Avenue, Glenwood Springs Hot Springs Pool at Glenwood Springs, Colorado Glenwood Springs view towards south as seen from Glenwood Caverns, Colorado Glenwood Springs is a city in Garfield County, Colorado, United States. ... The Last Words - Malcolm Baxter (vocals), Andy Groome (guitar), Leigh Kendall (bass), John Gunn (drums) - were one of the first Australian punk bands. ...


Holliday's grave stone sits in Linwood cemetery, which overlooks the city of Glenwood Springs. There is dispute about whether he is actually buried in his marked grave, or even in the cemetery itself. He died in winter when the ground was frozen and was buried the same day in what was probably a temporary grave. This grave may not have been in the old cemetery, which was up a difficult road on the mountain. It is thus possible his body was never later relocated, but the truth is not known, since no exhumation has been attempted.


Character

In an 1896 article, Wyatt Earp had this to say about Holliday: "Doc was a dentist whom necessity had made a gambler; a gentleman whom disease had made a frontier vagabond; a philosopher whom life had made a caustic wit; a long lean ash-blond fellow nearly dead with consumption, and at the same time the most skillful gambler and the nerviest, speediest, deadliest man with a gun that I ever knew."[8]


In a newspaper interview, Holliday was once asked if his killings had ever gotten on his conscience. He is reported to have said "I coughed that out with my lungs, years ago."


Big Nose Kate, his long-time companion, remembered Holliday's reaction after his role in the O.K. Corral gunfight. She reported that Holliday came back to his room, sat on the bed, wept and said "that was awful — awful". Mary Katharine Horony (November 7, 1850–November 2, 1940), better known as Big Nose Kate, and also known by aliases Kate Fisher, Kate Elder, and Mary Katherine Cummings was the long-time companion/common law wife of gunfighter Doc Holliday in the American Old West. ...


Virgil Earp, interviewed May 30, 1882, in The Arizona Daily Star (two months after Virgil had fled Tombstone after Morgan Earp's death), summed up Holliday: is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


"There was something very peculiar about Doc. He was gentlemanly, a good dentist, a friendly man and yet, outside of us boys, I don't think he had a friend in the Territory. Tales were told that he had murdered men in different parts of the country; that he had robbed and committed all manner of crimes, and yet, when persons were asked how they knew it, they could only admit it was hearsay, and that nothing of the kind could really be traced to Doc's account. He was a slender, sickly fellow, but whenever a stage was robbed or a row started, and help was needed, Doc was one of the first to saddle his horse and report for duty."


"Record" of violence

Wide ranging historical accounts have usually supported the belief Holliday was extremely fast with a pistol, but his accuracy was less than perfect. In three of his four known pistol fights, he shot one opponent (Billy Allen) in the arm, one (Charles White) across the scalp, and missed one man (a saloon keeper named Charles Austin) entirely. In an early incident in Tombstone in 1880, shortly after he arrived in town, a drunken Holliday managed to shoot Oriental Saloon owner Milt Joyce in the hand, and his bartender Parker in the toe (neither was the man Holliday originally quarreled with). For this, Holliday was fined for assault and battery. With the exception of Mike Gordon in 1879, there are no contemporary newspaper or legal records to match the many unnamed men whom Holliday is credited with shooting to death in popular folklore; the same is true for the several tales of knifings credited to Holliday by early biographers. All these colorful stories may be viewed with skepticism.


Publicly, Holliday could be as fierce as was needed for a gambling man to earn respect. In Tombstone in January 1882, he told Johnny Ringo (as recorded by diarist Parsons) "All I want of you is ten paces out in the street." He and Ringo were prevented from having the gunfight only by the Tombstone police (which did not include the Earps at the time), who arrested them both. Holliday's role in the deaths of Frank Stilwell and the other three men killed on the Earp vendetta ride remains uncertain, but he was present at the events. Holliday is probably the second shooter of Stilwell, he killed Tom McLaury, and either Holliday or Morgan Earp fired the second bullet that ended the life of Frank McLaury. Although Frank McLaury is sometimes erroneously stated to have been hit by three bullets (based on the next-day news accounts in Tombstone papers), at the coroner's inquest Frank was found to actually have been hit only in the stomach and in the neck under the ear; therefore either Holliday or Morgan missed Frank.


Biographer Karen Holliday Tanner states that of Holliday's 17 known and recorded arrests, only one (1879, Mike Gordon in New Mexico) was for murder. Actually, Tanner is incorrect, since Holliday was arrested and jailed for murder in connection with both the O.K. Corral fight, and later for the murder of Frank Stilwell. However, in neither case was Holliday successfully charged (the Spicer hearing was an indictment hearing, but it did not recommend indictment; any Stilwell indictment was quashed by Colorado's refusal to extradite). Of the other arrests, Holliday pled guilty to two gambling charges, one charge of carrying a deadly weapon in the city (in connection with the argument with Ringo), and one misdemeanor assault and battery charge (his shooting of Joyce and Parker). The others were all dismissed or returned as "not guilty."


Whatever the facts, Doc seemed to gain a deadly reputation and was a feared man.


Mythology

Claims have been made (on very thin circumstantial evidence) that Holliday was involved in the August 1881 death of Old Man Clanton (Ike and Billy Clanton's father) and four other cowboys in a canyon 100 miles (160 km) from Tombstone, while the cowboys were driving cattle from Mexico. However Clanton's death in the so-called Guadalupe Canyon Massacre could just as well have been (and is usually assumed to be) a revenge-killing by angry Mexican cattle-owners who had recently been the target of rustlers (perhaps not the same men they later killed). Some have taken Holliday's use of a walking stick on the day of the O.K. Corral fight (which he traded Virgil for the shotgun), to be evidence that Holliday had been wounded, perhaps at the death of "Old Man" Clanton two months before. However, Holliday was known to use a walking stick as early as 1877, since in that year he was arrested for using it as a club on another gambler, in a fight. On that occasion in 1877 Holliday actually was wounded in the fight by gunfire, but there is no direct evidence that he was newly wounded in the fall of 1881. Actually the cane was typical; Holliday was physically frail through much of his adult life. Newman Haynes Old Man Clanton, circa 1880. ... The Guadalupe Canyon Massacre was an incident that occurred in August, 1881, in the Guadalupe Canyon area of Arizona, during which five men were killed during an ambush. ...


One of the better stories about Holliday might not have happened (and the tale has made it into at least one movie). According to the Stuart Lake biography of Wyatt Earp (Wyatt Earp: Frontier Marshal), Holliday got into a fight with another gambler (Ed Bailley) in Fort Griffin and knifed the other man to death as the man was drawing a gun on Holliday. Held by the law and targeted for lynching, Holliday was rescued from death by Big Nose Kate, who procured horses, set fire to a building as a diversion, and then drew a gun on the sheriff to allow Holliday's escape. The problem with this story is that no record of any such killing (or Bailey, the man supposedly killed) exists in news or legal accounts of the day. Additionally, Big Nose Kate, at the end of her life in 1940 (after the Lake biography of Earp had appeared in 1931), explicitly denied that the story was true and laughed at the idea of herself holding a gun on a sheriff. (Kate's refusal to embellish or even claim a part in a good story which centers around her, makes her simultaneous report of the action at the O.K. Corral gunfight, which she did claim to see, considerably more credible). Manifestations Slavery Racial profiling Lynching Hate speech Hate crime Genocide (examples) Ethnocide Ethnic cleansing Pogrom Race war Religious persecution Blood libel Paternalism Police brutality Movements Policies Discriminatory Race / Religion / Sex segregation Apartheid Redlining Internment Ethnocracy Anti-discriminatory Affirmative action in the United States Emancipation Civil rights Desegregation Integration Equal opportunity...


Doc's cousin Melanie Holliday, who remained in correspondence with him after he moved west, became a nun as a young woman. In old age she was a revered figure among Georgia Catholics, and Margaret Mitchell acknowledged that she was the inspiration for the saintly wife Melanie Wilkes in Gone With the Wind.[citation needed] There is a legend that Melanie was in love with Doc and took her religious vows when he would not marry her, but this seems to be based on mere speculation.[citation needed]


Photo problems

There are many supposed photos of Holliday, most of which do not match each other. The one clearly visibile adult portrait-photo known to be authentic is the March 1872 Pennsylvania School of Dental Surgery graduation photo taken when Holliday was 20. This photo shows a light-haired man with light and slightly asymmetrical eyes. It matches well with the other known authentic photo, a poor-quality (but signed) standing photo of Holliday taken in Prescott, Arizona Territory, in 1879, the year before he went to Tombstone.


The 1879 standing photo shows Holliday had not changed a great deal in seven years, though he sports a mustache and perhaps also an imperial beard (triangular bit of hair left below the middle of the lower lip, combined with a mustache). In the authentic 1879 photo, Holliday is also wearing a tie with a diamond stickpin, which he was known to wear habitually and which was among his few possessions (minus the diamond) when he died. This stickpin is similar to the one Wyatt Earp was wearing in his own most well-known photo.


There are three photos most often printed (supposed) of Holliday, which were supposedly taken by C.S. Fly in Tombstone (but sometimes are said to be taken in Dallas). They clearly show the same man but in three different poses and slightly different dress. This man shows several differences with Holliday in the two authentic photos, and therefore may not be Holliday. The man in these three later photos has much darker hair (though this could have been dyed with hair treatments of the time, but this seems very unlikely as he was described by Wyatt Earp as having "ash-blond" hair), a square jaw, more closely set eyes, a lower hairline, and this man may have smaller ears. None of the three photos match each other exactly in certain details. For example, a cowlick and folded collar is present only in the oval inscribed photo, several different cravats are seen, and the shirt collar and vest change orientation between photos.

The last of the three later supposed photos of Holliday—in which the subject has a more open overcoat, a more open vest (allowing the bowtie cords to be seen), an upturned shirt collar, and is holding a bowler hat (derby hat) —exists as a print in the Cochise County Courthouse Museum in Tombstone. Other sources for it are sought. It is evidently the same dark-haired man shown in the other two photos, but is yet another image (perhaps from the same photo session in which the upturned detachable shirt collar is worn, rather than the folded-down collar of the oval portrait). The bowler hat is a hard felt hat with a rounded crown created for Thomas Coke, 2nd Earl of Leicester, in 1850. ...


Other, even more questionable photos exist as well.


Public Memorials

On March 20, 2005, the 122nd anniversary of the killing of Frank Stilwell by Wyatt Earp (most likely with Holliday as the second gunman) a life-sized statue of Holliday (on the left) and Earp (see photo:[9]) by the sculptor Dan Bates was dedicated[10] by the Southern Arizona Transportation Museum at the restored Historic Railroad Depot in Tucson, Arizona, at the approximate site of the shooting on the train platform.[11] For a time in the 1970s and 1980's, in his former hometown of Valdosta,Ga, there was a Roller Skating Rink known as Holliday Skate Palace, in honor of Doc Holliday. , Tucson (pronounced ) is the seat of Pima County, Arizona, United States, located 118 miles (188 km) southeast of Phoenix and 60 miles (98 km) north of the U.S.-Mexico border. ...


The facial features on this statue of Holliday with Wyatt Earp are based on the set of supposed portrait photos and not on the two known authentic photos of him.


Popular culture

The very different personal characteristics of Holliday and Earp have provided contrast which has inspired historical interest. Holliday was nationally known during his life as a gunman, whereas Wyatt Earp and the gunfight at O.K. Corral became a part of folklore only following Stuart Lake's biography of Earp after Earp's death. As this fight has become one of the most famous moments in the American West, numerous Westerns have been made of it, and the Holliday character has been prominent in all of them. Not all films that feature Doc Holliday, or a character based on him, are biographical in nature. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Actors who have played Holliday in name include:[12]

  • Cesar Romero in Frontier Marshal, 1939, plays Doc Halliday, a surgeon, not a dentist, who is ambushed coming out of the Belle Union tavern after performing surgery on the bartender's son. Wyatt Earp single-handedly fights and wins a gunfight against Doc's killers at OK Corral. Doc's tombstone in Boot Hill, the last shot in the film, reads John Halliday 1848-1880.
  • Walter Huston in The Outlaw, in 1943, a Howard Hughes film.
  • Victor Mature in My Darling Clementine, in 1946, directed by John Ford, with Henry Fonda as Wyatt Earp. Holliday is portrayed as an Eastern-born surgeon fleeing his fiancee because of his tuberculosis and dissolute lifestyle. Writer Alan Barra's comment on this movie is that it shows Holliday as he might have been, if he had been a tough-guy from Boston: "Victor Mature looks about as tubercular as a Kodiak bear."
  • Kirk Douglas in Gunfight at the OK Corral, in 1957, with Burt Lancaster as Earp.
  • Douglas Fowley in "The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp" television series 1955-1961. As with many popular portrayals Fowley played Holliday as considerably older than the historical figure. Taking his cue from the popular Kirk Douglas portrayal, Fowley played Holliday as courtly, temperamental and dangerous. Unlike the Kirk Douglas Holliday, whose anger is often volcanic, Fowley's Holliday maintained a cool, gentlemanly Southern calm.
  • Gerald Mohr and Peter Breck each played Holliday more than once in the 1957 television series Maverick.
  • Arthur Kennedy played Holliday opposite James Stewart as Earp in director John Ford's Cheyenne Autumn.
  • Anthony Jacobs in the 1966 Doctor Who story The Gunfighters.
  • Jason Robards in Hour of the Gun, a 1967 sequel to the 1957 movie, with James Garner as Earp. This is the first movie to fully delve into the vendetta that followed the gunfight; both films were directed by John Sturges.
  • Sam Gilman in the 1968 Star Trek episode "Spectre of the Gun". Gilman, who plays Holliday as a physician, was 53 years old at the time he played this role. The real Holliday was 30 years old at the time of the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral.
  • Stacy Keach in "Doc", in 1971, in which the Tombstone events are told from his perspective.
  • Bill Fletcher in two episodes of the TV series, Alias Smith and Jones: "Which Way to the OK Corral?" in 1971 and "The Ten Days That Shook Kid Curry" in 1972.
  • Dennis Hopper in Wild Times, a 1980 television mini-series based on Brian Garfield's novel.
  • Willie Nelson in the 1986 all-singer/actor TV remake of Stagecoach. In addition to the alcoholic Doc Boone character of the original film, the remake adds a new "Doc Holliday", also a medical doctor, and a consumptive. Since Doc Boone in the original film is loosely based on Holliday, the remake now contains two characters based on Holliday.
  • Val Kilmer in Tombstone, in 1993. Several historians believe Kilmer caught Holliday's cheerful mix of despair and courage.
  • Dennis Quaid in Wyatt Earp, in 1994, a detailed bio-epic of Wyatt Earp's life where Quaid plays an oft drunk Doc Holliday with a relationship with Big Nose Kate.
  • Randy Quaid in Purgatory, a 1999 TV film about dead outlaws in a town between Heaven and Hell.
  • Adam West played Doc Holliday on an episode of the TV series, Lawman.

Cesar Julio Romero, Jr. ... Frontier Marshal is a 1939 western film starring Randolph Scott as legendary lawman Wyatt Earp. ... Walter Huston (April 6, 1884 – April 7, 1950) was a Canadian-born American actor. ... A colorized image of Jack Buetel as Billy the Kid. ... Victor Mature (29 January 1913 – 4 August 1999), an American film actor, was born in Louisville, Kentucky to a Tyrolean father, Marcellus George Mature, a cutler, and a Swiss-American mother, Clara Mature. ... My Darling Clementine is a 1946 western film, directed by John Ford, based on the story of the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral between the Earp brothers and the Clanton gang. ... For other persons named John Ford, see John Ford (disambiguation). ... Henry Jaynes Fonda (May 16, 1905 – August 12, 1982) was a highly acclaimed Academy Award-winning American film and stage actor, best known for his roles as plain-speaking idealists. ... Trinomial name Ursus arctos middendorffi (Ord, 1815) Kodiak bear distribution map The Kodiak bear (Ursus arctos middendorffi) is a unique subspecies of the brown bear. ... Kirk Douglas (born Issur Danielovitch[1] on December 9, 1916) is an iconic Academy Award-winning American actor and film producer known for his cleft chin, his gravelly voice and his recurring roles as the kinds of characters Douglas himself once described as sons of bitches. He is also father... Gunfight at the O.K. Corral is a 1957 movie starring Burt Lancaster as Wyatt Earp and Kirk Douglas as Doc Holliday about the famous October 26, 1881 gunfight in Tombstone, Arizona Territory. ... Burt Lancaster (2 November 1913 – 20 October 1994) was an Academy Award-winning American film actor, noted for his athletic physique, distinct smile (which he called The Grin) and, later, his willingness to play roles that went against his initial tough guy image. ... Movie and television actor Douglas Fowley (May 30, 1911-May 21, 1998) was born in The Bronx, New York, USA. The 511 actor is probably best remembered by movie buffs for his role as a movie director Roscoe Dexter in Singing in the Rain. ... Gerald Mohr (June 11, 1914 - November 9, 1968) was a film actor who appeared in over sixty films and guest starring in dozens of television programs. ... Peter Breck (born March 13, 1929 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, United States) is an actor that has played roles on television and in movies. ... Maverick is a comedy-western television series created by Roy Huggins that ran from September 22, 1957 to July 8, 1962 on ABC and featured James Garner, Roger Moore, and Jack Kelly as poker-playing travelling gamblers. ... Arthur Kennedy (February 17, 1914 _ January 5, 1990) was an American actor. ... For other persons named James Stewart, see James Stewart (disambiguation). ... For other persons named John Ford, see John Ford (disambiguation). ... Cheyenne Autumn is a 1964 western starring Richard Widmark, Carroll Baker, James Stewart, and Edward G. Robinson. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the television series. ... The Gunfighters is a serial in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which was first broadcast in four weekly parts from April 30 to May 21, 1966. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Hour of the Gun (1967), a western movie about Wyatt Earp (James Garner) and Doc Holliday (Jason Robards), attempts more historical accuracy than most accounts of the events, and explores what happened after the gunfight at the O.K. Corral. ... For other uses, see James Garner (disambiguation). ... John Eliot Sturges (3 January 1911 – 18 August 1982) Known as The dean of big_budget action movies made during the 1950s and 1960. Sturges movies include The Magnificent Seven, The Great Escape, Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, Ice Station Zebra and Marooned (movie). ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the entire Star Trek franchise. ... Spectre of the Gun is an episode from the third season of Star Trek: The Original Series, and was first broadcast on October 25, 1968. ... Stacy Keach (born Walter Stacy Keach, Jr. ... Alias Smith and Jones was a Western television series on ABC from 1971 to 1973, starring Pete Duel and Ben Murphy. ... Dennis Lee Hopper (born May 17, 1936) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor and film-maker. ... Willie Hugh Nelson (born April 30, 1933) is an American singer-songwriter and actor. ... Stagecoach is a 1939 Western which tells the tale of Oprah Winfrey and some strangers thrown in a castle made of shoddy clothing on a stagecoach which is attacked by Dr Phil and the Bandits. ... Val Edward Kilmer[1] (born December 31, 1959) is an American actor. ... Tombstone is a 1993 Western movie written by Kevin Jarre and directed by its star Kurt Russell, with credited director George P. Cosmatos ghost-directing. ... Dennis William Quaid (born April 9, 1954) is an American actor. ... Wyatt Earp DVD cover Wyatt Earp is a 1994 Western film, written by Dan Gordon and Lawrence Kasdan and directed by Kasdan. ... Mary Katharine Horony (November 7, 1850–November 2, 1940), better known as Big Nose Kate, and also known by aliases Kate Fisher, Kate Elder, and Mary Katherine Cummings was the long-time companion/common law wife of gunfighter Doc Holliday in the American Old West. ... Randall Rudy Randy Quaid (born October 1, 1950) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor and comedian. ... // An outlaw band led by Blackjack Britton and second man Gavin Guthrie (played by prison breaks Peter Stormare) flees a posse and rides into Refuge, a small town where no one carries a gun, drinks, or swears. ... Adam West (born William West Anderson on September 19, 1928) is an American actor who is best known for playing the role of Batman/Bruce Wayne on the 1960s TV series Batman (which also had a film adaptation). ... Lawman is a western television series originally telecast from 1958 to 1962 featuring John Russell as Marshal Dan Troop and Peter Brown as Deputy Johnny McKay. ...

Songs

  • "Guns of Arizona", Written by David John and performed by David John and the Comstock Cowboys on the album "Legends of the West"

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Kansas Heritage genealogy
  2. ^ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System of the National Parks Service.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Doc Holliday," The Outlaws
  4. ^ "Doc Holliday: A Family Portrait", Karen Holliday Tanner, University of Omaha Press, 1998, ISBN 0-8061-3036-9.
  5. ^ Ford County Historical Society, Dodge City, Kansas
  6. ^ a b DallasNews.com: Hidden History of Dallas
  7. ^ Legends of America - John Joshua Webb
  8. ^ Myers, John Myers. Doc Holliday. Boston: Little, Brown, 1955 (ISBN 0803257813), p. 207
  9. ^ Guenzler, Chris. Photo of "Doc" Holliday and Wyatt Earp Statue in Tucson, Arizona in "Amtraking to Tucson's Old Pueblo Trolley.". Retrieved on 2007-09-08.
  10. ^ Manser, Jamie. "Downtown Tucsonan: March 2005 Issue", Downtown Tucsonan, 2005-03. Retrieved on 2007-09-08. 
  11. ^ Downtown Tucson Partnership - Culture - History. Retrieved on 2007-09-08.
  12. ^ Doc Holliday characters at IMDB.com

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • "Doc Holliday: The Life and Legend", Gary L. Roberts, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 2006 ISBN 0-471-26291-9.
  • "Doc Holliday: A Family Portrait", Karen Holliday Tanner, University of Omaha Press, 1998, ISBN 0-8061-3036-9 .

External links

The cowboy, the quintessential symbol of the American Old West, circa 1887. ... Abilene is a city in Dickinson County, Kansas, United States, 163 miles (262 km) west of Kansas City. ... A photograph of Deadwood in 1876. ... Nickname: Location of Denver in the State of Colorado Location of Colorado in the United States Coordinates: , Country United States State State of Colorado City and County Denver[1] Founded 1858-11-22, as Denver City, K.T.[2] Incorporated 1861-11-07, as Denver City, C.T.[3] Consolidated... For the 1939 western movie, see Dodge City (1939 film). ... Mogollon, New Mexico, is a former mining town located in the Mogollon Mountains in Catron County, New Mexico, in the United States. ... Omaha redirects here. ... Tombstone is a city in Cochise County, Arizona, USA, founded in 1879 in what was then the Arizona Territory. ... Virginia City, from the road agent cemetery on the hill. ... This is a list of known lawmen and other law enforcement officials of the American frontier popularly known as the Wild West. See also sheriff, marshal, Texas Rangers, Arizona Rangers, wild west, List of Western Outlaws Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J... Not to be confused with William Wild Bill Hickok, American football player. ... Elfego Baca (February 10, 1865–August 27, 1945) was a legendary lawman, lawyer, and politician in the closing days of the American wild west. ... Butch Cassidy (13 April 1866 - c. ... Mangas Coloradas Mangas Coloradas or Dasoda-hae (Red Sleeves), 1793?-1863 was a famous Apache chief, a member of the Eastern Chiricahuas, whose homeland stretched west from the Rio Grande to include most of what is present-day southwestern New Mexico. ... For the film, see Calamity Jane (1953 film) Calamity Jane at age 33. ... Victorio. ... For other uses, see Billy the Kid (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Chiricahua (disambiguation). ... Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp (March 19, 1848–January 13, 1929) was an American farmer, teamster, sometime buffalo hunter, officer of the law in various Western frontier towns, gambler, saloon-keeper, and miner. ... Virgil Walter Earp (July 18, 1843 in Hartford, Kentucky - October 19, 1905 in Goldfield, Nevada) was one of the men involved in the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral. ... William Barclay Bat Masterson (November 27, 1853 [1] – October 25, 1921) was a figure of the American Old West. ... For other persons named Jesse James, see Jesse James (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Buffalo Bill (disambiguation). ... Kit Carson Christopher Houston Kit Carson (December 24, 1809 – May 23, 1868) was an American frontiersman. ... For the western film, see Sitting Bull (film). ... James C. Cooney was a sergeant of the U.S. Army in the 8th U.S. Cavalry when he found large silver and gold reserves in the Mogollon Mountains of Catron County, New Mexico. ... For other uses, see Geronimo (disambiguation). ... Thomas Edward Ketchum Ketchum Thomas Edward Ketchum, (October 31, 1863 - April 26, 1901) also known as Black Jack was at first an ordinary cowboy and cattle driver who later turned to a life of crime. ... For other uses, see Cochise (disambiguation). ... Harry Longabaugh (1867-?), also known as the Sundance Kid, was an outlaw and member of Butch Cassidys Wild Bunch, in the Wild West. ... For other uses, see Crazy Horse (disambiguation). ... Red Cloud Red Cloud Standing:Red Bear, Young Man Afraid of his Horse, Good Voice, Ring Thunder, Iron Crow, White Tail, Young Spotted Tail. ... Front row left to right: Harry A. Longabaugh, alias the Sundance Kid, Ben Kilpatrick, alias the Tall Texan, Robert Leroy Parker, alias Butch Cassidy; Standing- Will Carver, alias News Carver & Harvey Logan, alias Kid Curry; Fort Worth, Texas, 1901. ... This article refers to a railroad built in the United States between Omaha and Sacramento completed in 1869. ... The Mormon Trail or Mormon Pioneer Trail is the 1,300 miles (2,092 km) route that members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints traveled from 1846-1857. ... For other uses, see Oregon Trail (disambiguation). ... Frank E. Webner, pony express rider c. ... Apache scouts (U.S. Army Indian Scouts) came from different Apache tribes or bands. ... , ) Belligerents Lakota Northern Cheyenne Arapaho United States 7th Cavalry Regiment (United States) Commanders Sitting Bull, Crazy Horse, Chief Gall George A. Custer â€ , Marcus Reno, Frederick Benteen, James Calhoun â€  Strength Believed to be 949 lodges (probably 900 - 1,800 warriors) 31 officers, 566 troopers, 15 armed civilians, ~35-40 scouts Casualties... The Long Walk The Long Walk of the Navajo, also called the Long Walk to Bosque Redondo, was a 20 day or more foot walk many Navajos made in 1864 to a reservation in southeastern New Mexico. ... Native American Big Mouth Spring with decorated scalp lock on right shoulder. ... Alma, New Mexico is located in Catron County, New Mexico, north of Glenwood and south of Reserve. ... Newspaper coverage of the fight. ... The Chisholm Trail was a route used in the late 19th century in the Western United States for cattle drives, the movement of cattle overland. ... The Great Western Cattle Trail was utilized in the 1800s for movement of cattle to markets in the East. ... The Battle of Tularosa occurred in May 1880 in present-day Catron County, New Mexico. ... This article is about the poker hand. ... For other uses, see Boot Hill (disambiguation). ... // Today, the American West has a certain wild image of adventure filled with cowboys, Indians, wild animals, outlaws, and stagecoach ambushes. ... The Frisco Shootout was an Old West gunfight that occurred on December 1st, 1881, involving lawman Elfego Baca. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Doc Holliday (1760 words)
Doc being a well educated man, stood out from the crowd in the west, he spoke Latin, French and played the piano, he was taught by his mother to play.
Doc, knowing that he was dying a slow death, was fearless, figuring he had nothing to lose, that's one of the reasons why he was so dangerous, he had a bad outlook on life because of the disease and wanted to die.
Doc always liked to be well dressed, was very intelligent with a quick wit and was known for a good sense of humor, at someone else's expense of course.
Doc Holliday's grave (2390 words)
Holliday by this time was as well known for his gunfighter reputation as he was for being a gambler, although the latter was his trade, and the former simply a reputation.
Doc Holliday, who was with Wyatt that night, and said that Stilwell and Ike Clanton were waiting in the trainyard to assassinate Virgil Earp, is a prime candidate for the second shooter.
In Doc's case, Colorado refused to extradite him (due to lack of evidence) when he was arrested for the Stilwell killing in Denver in May, 1882 (Doc spent the last two weeks of that month in jail while that issue was decided).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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