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Encyclopedia > Dnipropetrovsk

Coordinates: 48°27′0″N, 34°59′0″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Dnipropetrovsk
Дніпропетровськ
View of modern apartments in Dnipropetrovsk.
Coat of arms
Location
Map of Ukraine with Dnipropetrovsk highlighted.
Government
Country
Oblast
Raion
Ukraine
Dnipropetrovsk Oblast
Dnipropetrovsk City Municipality
Founded 1776
Mayor Ivan Ivanovych Kulichenko
Geographical characteristics
Area
 - City

380 km²
Population
 - City (2007)
   - Density

1,039,00
  2 800/km²
Coordinates 48°27′0″N, 34°59′0″E
Elevation 155 m
Other Information
Postal Code 49000-
Dialing Code +380 56(2)
Website: meria.dp.ua and gorod.dp.ua

Dnipropetrovsk (Ukrainian: Дніпропетровськ, Dnipropetrovs’k; Russian: Днепропетро́вск, Dnepropetrovsk; formerly: Екатериносла́в, Yekaterinoslav) is Ukraine's third largest city with 1.1 million inhabitants.[1] It is located south of Ukraine's capital Kiev on the Dnieper River, in the south-central region of the country. Dnipropetrovsk is also the administrative center of the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast (province). Image File history File links Dnipropetrovsk2006. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x798, 79 KB) Summary Description = Dnipropetrovsk geographical position Source = own work, Skluesener Date = 15. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Ukraine is subdivided into 24 oblasts (Ukrainian singular: область, oblast; plural області, oblasti), one autonomous republic (автономна республіка, avtonomna respublika), and... A raion (or rayon) (Russian and Ukrainian: ; Belarusian раён; Azeri: rayon, Latvian: rajons, Georgian: , raioni) is one of two kinds of administrative subdivisions in languages of some post-Soviet states: a subnational entity and a subdivision of a city. ... Dnipropetrovsk Oblast (Ukrainian: , Dnipropetrovs’ka oblast’ or Дніпропетровщина, Dnipropetrovshchyna) is an oblast of central Ukraine, the most important industrial region of the country. ... Year 1776 (MDCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... The or meter (see spelling differences) is a measure of length. ... Ukrainian postal codes consist of five digits. ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted Coordinates: Country Ukraine Oblast Kiev City Municipality Raion Municipality Government  - Mayor Leonid Chernovetskyi Elevation 179 m (587. ... The Dnieper River (also known as: Dnepr, Dniapro, or Dnipro) is a river which flows from Russia, through Belarus and Ukraine, ending its flow in the Black Sea. ... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ... Dnipropetrovsk Oblast (Ukrainian: , Dnipropetrovs’ka oblast’ or Дніпропетровщина, Dnipropetrovshchyna) is an oblast of central Ukraine, the most important industrial region of the country. ... Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasÅ¥, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ...


A vital industrial center of Ukraine, Dnipropetrovsk was one of the key centers of the nuclear, arms, and space industries of the former Soviet Union. In particular, it is home to Yuzhmash, a major space and ballistic missile designer and manufacturer. Because of its military industry, the city was a closed city[2] until the 1990s. A nuclear power station. ... The AK-47 has been produced in greater numbers than any other assault rifle and has been used in conflicts all over the world. ... Soviet Soyuz rockets like the one pictured above were the first reliable means to transport objects into Earth orbit. ... The A.M. Makarov Yuzhny Machine-Building Plant, or PA Yuzhmash ( Ukrainian: ; Russian: ; literally Production Association Southern Machine-Building Plant named after A.M. Makarov) is a Ukrainian manufacturer of agricultural equipment, buses, trolley buses and trams, wind turbines, space rockets, and satellites. ... Diagram of V-2, the first ballistic missile. ... A closed city (town) is a city/town with travel and residency restrictions in the former Soviet Union, or in a CIS country. ...


Dnipropetrovsk has a highly-developed public transportation system, including the Dnipropetrovsk Metro, which consists of one metro line with a total of 6 stations. Skytrain Bangkok. ... edit The Dnipropetrovsk Metro (Ukrainian: , Russian: ) is a single-line metro system that serves the city of Dnipropetrovsk, the third largest city in the Ukraine. ...

Contents

Geography

Climate

During the summer, Dnipropetrovsk is very warm (average day temperature in July is +24 to +27 °C (76 to 80 °F), and in the winter, it is cold (average day temperature in January is −3 to +4 °C (+24 to +39 °F). Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ...


The best time for visiting the city is in late spring — second part of April and May, and early in autumn: September, October, when the city's trees turn yellow. Long periods of rain are normal in autumn. Other times are mainly dry with a few showers.


The climate is a mixture of temperate and continental climates and sometimes in the winter it is very cold and snowy (sometimes dropping down to −10 to −15 °C), and in summer, the city is not very hot (up to +29 to +30 °C).[3] In geography, temperate latitudes of the globe lie between the tropics and the polar circles. ... A continental climate is the climate typical of the middle-latitude interiors of the large continents of the Northern Hemisphere in the zone of westerly winds; similar climates exist along the east coasts and southwest coasts of the same continents, and also at higher elevations in certain other parts of...


History

Museum of Kipchak steppe art in Karla Marksa

The first people appeared in the area somewhere about 150,000 years ago. The settlements of these early people were found in the outskirts of the city and on Monastyrsky Island. This unique island appears throughout the history of Prydniprovye, as a consistent center of events as well as the ancient nucleus of the city. After the last Ice Age—10 thousand years ago—the settling of the Prydniprovye area began more intensely. In ~3500-2700 BC the first farmers lived here (the so-called Tripolskaya culture people). Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (480 × 640 pixel, file size: 110 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Museum of Kipchak steppe art in Dnepropetrovsk. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (480 × 640 pixel, file size: 110 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Museum of Kipchak steppe art in Dnepropetrovsk. ... Kipchaks (also Kypchaks, Qipchaqs) are an ancient Turkic people, first mentioned in the historical chronicles of Central Asia in the 1st millennium BC. Their language was also known as Kipchak. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... The Dnieper near Trypillia. ...


The mighty, broad Dnieper River (Greeks called it the Borysthenes, 'Borisphen' in local pronunciation) with its picturesque islands and peaceful backwaters, lush flood-meadows and shadowy oak woods stretches along river valleys and ravines. Abundant game and fish in local forests and waters are a result of good climate and vast fertile land... All this attracted hunters, fishers, cattle-breeders and land-tillers to these parts.


3000 years ago, the cattle-breeders came from the East—Cimmerians, written about by Homer and glorified by Hollywood ("Conan the Barbarian"). The Cimmerians (Greek: , Kimmerioi) were ancient equestrian nomads who, according to Herodotus, originally inhabited the region north of the Caucasus and the Black Sea, in what is now Russia and Ukraine, in the 8th and 7th century BC. Assyrian records, however, first place them in the region of Azerbaijan in... Homer (Greek: , ) was an early Greek poet and aoidos (rhapsode) traditionally credited with the composition of the Iliad and the Odyssey. ...


They gradually overcame the Scythians (~700 BC), who were known for their graceful creations from bronze and named as a frontier area of ancient civilization (Crimea). The invasions from the East proceeded and in 200 BC the Sarmatians came here. They won and assimilated the rests of Scythians. Scythian warriors, drawn after figures on an electrum cup from the KulOba kurgan burial near Kerch. ... Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Location of Crimea (red) on the map of Ukraine. ... Sarmatia Europea in Scythia map 1697 AD Sarmatia Europæa separated from Sarmatia Asiatica by the Tanais (the River Don), based on Greek literary sources, in a map printed in London, ca 1770 Great steppe in early spring. ...


Most inhabitants of the city and visitors know and like the distinctive features of the small square near the Museum of History—the place where the 'Stony Women' stay (which actually are not females... and are shown in the photo above). The visitors are amazed with the centuries-old natives—their oval forms. They were creations of a steppe nomadic people called the Cumans or Kipchaks and are a modular collection from neighboring barrows. In the past they served as the index points for the steppe inhabitants. Cumans, also called as Polovtsy, (Russian Половцы, from old Slavic for pale yellowish) was the European name for the Western Kipchaks, a nomadic West Turkic tribe living on the north of the Black Sea along the Volga. ... Kipchaks (also Kypchaks, Qipchaqs) are an ancient Turkic people, first mentioned in the historical chronicles of Central Asia in the 1st millennium BC. Their language was also known as Kipchak. ...


The first century of the new era was marked by fast inhabitation of the Dnieper River banks by Slavic tribes. The rocks of Monastyrsky Island remember well the first time Slavs floated down the Dnieper River to the Black Sea and the Mediterranean.

Postcard with a picture of Yekaterinoslav around 1900.
Postcard with a picture of Yekaterinoslav around 1900.

On this island in the IX century the Monastery was founded by Byzantine monks (from it the island received its name). It existed until 1240 when it was destroyed by Tatars. The Dnieper River has for many centuries served as a border between East and West and its banks have served as arena of struggle between the Slavs and the Asian nomads. Image File history File links Ekaterinoslav. ... Image File history File links Ekaterinoslav. ... Year 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... Tatars (Tatar: Tatarlar/Татарлар), sometimes spelled Tartar (more about the name), is a collective name applied to the Turkic speaking people of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. ...


This situation continued for many centuries until the XV century when there appeared a new force - the free people - Cossacks - Zaporiz'ki Kazaky (Zaporizhya - the lands south of Prydniprovye, translate as "The Land After the Weirs [Rapids]")... This article needs cleanup. ...


17th-18th centuries

A 1792 plan of Yekaterinoslav.
A 1792 plan of Yekaterinoslav.

The locale's history dates back to Cossack times. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 759 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 632 pixel, file size: 142 KB, MIME type: image/png) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 759 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 632 pixel, file size: 142 KB, MIME type: image/png) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan Mehmed IV of Ottoman Empire. ...


In the Russian Empire: 1775-1917

The city was founded in 1783 as a result of southern expansion of the Russian Empire. One former name, Yekaterinoslav, translates in English to "The glory of Yekaterina" (Catherine the Great). Anthem God Save the Tsar! The Russian Empire in 1914 Capital Moscow Language(s) Russian Religion Russian Orthodoxy Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1721–1725 Peter the Great  - 1894–1917 Nicholas II History  - Accession of Peter I May 7, 1682 NS, April 27, 1682 OS²  - Empire proclaimed October 22, 1721 NS, October... 1783 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Anthem God Save the Tsar! The Russian Empire in 1914 Capital Moscow Language(s) Russian Religion Russian Orthodoxy Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1721–1725 Peter the Great  - 1894–1917 Nicholas II History  - Accession of Peter I May 7, 1682 NS, April 27, 1682 OS²  - Empire proclaimed October 22, 1721 NS, October... Catherine II (Екатерина II Алексеевна: Yekaterína II Alekséyevna, April 21, 1729 - November 6, 1796), born Sophie Augusta Fredericka, known as Catherine the Great, reigned as empress of Russia from...


From 1902 to 1933, the famous historian of the Zaporozhian Cossacks, Dmytro Yavornytsky, was Director of the Dnipropetrovsk Museum, which was later named after him. Before his death in 1940, Yavornytsky wrote a History of the City of Ekaterinoslav which lay in manuscript for many years. It was only published in 1989 as a result of the Gorbachev reforms. The Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan Mehmed IV of Turkey. ... Dmytro Yavornytsky , pen name in Russian Evarnitsky, (November, 6 1855- August, 5 1940) was a noted Ukrainian historian, archeologist, ethnographer, folklorist, and lexicographer. ...


1919-1991: in the Soviet Union & under Nazi rule

Modern office building in Dnipropetrovsk.
Modern office building in Dnipropetrovsk.
Skyline of Dnipropetrovsk with both new and old buildings seen.
Skyline of Dnipropetrovsk with both new and old buildings seen.

During the German occupation of Ukraine in Wold War II, the city gave its name to one of the six generalbezirke in which a Nazi Generalkommissar was in charge under the authority of the Reichskommissar in Kiev. Dnipropetrovsk was an important center of Jewish life, and 80,000 Jews lived in the city before the Holocaust, but soon after the Nazis conquered the city on October 12, 1941, 11,000 were shot; in the end only 15 Jews of Dnipropetrovsk survived at the end of the war. Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 470 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 940 pixel, file size: 199 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: Skyline of Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine with modern and old buildings in view. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 470 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 940 pixel, file size: 199 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: Skyline of Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine with modern and old buildings in view. ... Reichskommissar (Commissionary of the Empire) was an official title of authorized representative of the Deutsches Reich (after 1871) who was appointed to a special task, e. ... “Shoah” redirects here. ...


In the 20th to 21st centuries, the economic potential of the city has defined its political importance. Dnipropetrovsk and the surrounding oblast are the birthplace of the so-called "Dnipropetrovsk Clan", an influential informal political group inside the CPSU, members of whom were the industrial and party elite. Leonid Brezhnev, a native of the nearby city of Dniprodzerzhyns'k and later Soviet Union Communist Party General Secretary, founded and pushed the Clan to the highest levels of the Soviet power structure. Its members are believed by many political scientists to have ruled not only the Ukrainian SSR but also the entire Soviet Union up to the ascendancy of Mikhail Gorbachev. Politics is the process by which decisions are made within groups. ... Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasÅ¥, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ... The Communist Party of the Soviet Union ( Russian: Коммунисти́ческая Па́ртия Сове́тского Сою́за = &#1050... Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev Russian: ; January 1, 1907 [O.S. December 19, 1906] – November 10, 1982) was the effective ruler of the Soviet Union from 1964 to 1982, at first in partnership with others. ... Dniprodzerzhynsk ( Ukrainian: Дніпродзержинськ, Dniprodzerzhynsk; Russian: Dneprodzerzhinsk, formerly Kamenskoye) is a city in Dnipropetrovsk Oblast of Ukraine, a port on the Dnieper river. ... Joseph Stalin, first General Secretary The General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (First Secretary in 1953-1966) was the title synonymous with leader of the Soviet Union after Vladimir Lenins death in 1924. ... Soviet redirects here. ... State motto: Пролетарі всіх країн, єднайтеся! Official language None. ... Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (Russian: ), surname more accurately romanized as Gorbachyov; born March 2, 1931) is a Russian politician. ...


After 1991: Since Ukrainian independence

In 2005, the most powerful representative of that clan is Leonid Kuchma, the former President of Ukraine, previously senior manager of Yuzhmash. 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Declaration of State Sovereignty of Ukraine (Ukrainian: ) was adopted on July 16, 1990 by the recently elected parliament of Ukrainian SSR. The Declaration established the principles of Self-Determination of the Ukrainian Nation, Rule of the People, State Power, Citizenship of the Ukrainian SSR, Territorial Supremacy, Economic Independence, Environmental... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Leonid Kuchma Leonid Danylovych Kuchma (Ukrainian: Леонід Данилович Кучма; born August 9, 1938) was the second President of Ukraine from July 19, 1994, to January 23, 2005. ... Mariyinsky Palace The President of Ukraine (Ukrainian: , Prezydent Ukrayiny) is the head of the state of Ukraine and acts in its name. ... Management (from Old French ménagement the art of conducting, directing, from Latin manu agere to lead by the hand) characterises the process of leading and directing all or part of an organization, often a business, through the deployment and manipulation of resources (human, financial, material, intellectual or intangible). ...


Transportation

Local transportation

A scheme of the Dnipropetrovsk Metro system in the city.
A scheme of the Dnipropetrovsk Metro system in the city.
Marshall Malinovskogo Street on the left bank of the Dnieper looking northeast. The arch is part of the railway bridge, which crosses Monastyrsky Island.
Marshall Malinovskogo Street on the left bank of the Dnieper looking northeast. The arch is part of the railway bridge, which crosses Monastyrsky Island.
Dnipropetrovsk's Central Railway Station.
Dnipropetrovsk's Central Railway Station.

The main public forms of transport within Dnipropetrovsk are: trams, electric trolley buses, buses, and marshrutkas (private minibuses). In addition there are huge numbers of taxis, and many private cars. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... edit The Dnipropetrovsk Metro (Ukrainian: , Russian: ) is a single-line metro system that serves the city of Dnipropetrovsk, the third largest city in the Ukraine. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 258 pixelsFull resolution (2382 × 768 pixel, file size: 242 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 258 pixelsFull resolution (2382 × 768 pixel, file size: 242 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A trolleybus in Arnhem An electric trolleybus (also known as trolley bus or trackless trolley or simply trolley) is a bus powered by two overhead electric wires, from which the bus draws electricity using two trolley poles. ... Marshrutka (Russian: ; short for маршрутное такси (routed taxicab)) is a CIS minibus taxi. ... ...


Dnipropetrovsk also has a metro system, opened in 1995, which consists of a total of one line and 6 stations. Work on other stations was abandoned when the city ran out of money for this project; two of these abandoned building works are in the central portion of Karla Marksa. edit The Dnipropetrovsk Metro (Ukrainian: , Russian: ) is a single-line metro system that serves the city of Dnipropetrovsk, the third largest city in the Ukraine. ...


Suburban transportation

Dnipropetrovsk has some highways crossing through the city. The most popular routes are from Kiev, Donetsk, Kharkiv and Zaporizhia. Transit through the city is also available. Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted Coordinates: Country Ukraine Oblast Kiev City Municipality Raion Municipality Government  - Mayor Leonid Chernovetskyi Elevation 179 m (587. ... Map of Ukraine with Donetsk highlighted. ... Map of Ukraine with Kharkiv highlighted. ... For other uses, see Zaporizhia (disambiguation). ...


The largest bus station in eastern Ukraine is located in Dnipropetrovsk. It is near the city's Central Railway Station. Bus routes are also available to all over the country, including some international routes, including Russia, Poland, Germany, Moldova and Turkey.


In the summertime, there are some routes available by hydrofoils on the Dnieper River. Various tourist ships on their way down the Dnieper, (Kiev–Kherson–Odessa) always make a stop in the city. The Jetfoil Toppi is a ferry which connects Yakushima, Tanegashima Island and Kagoshima port in Japan. ... The Dnieper River (also known as: Dnepr, Dniapro, or Dnipro) is a river which flows from Russia, through Belarus and Ukraine, ending its flow in the Black Sea. ...


Railroads

The city is a large railway junction. Daily trains run to and from many parts of Eastern Europe. There are two rapid trains at day time from Kiev to Dnipropetrovsk and there are a few express trains at night. Other trains come from Moscow, Lviv, Saint Petersburg, and other places. Map of Eastern Europe Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current national boundaries: Russia (dark orange), other countries of the former USSR (medium orange),members of the Warsaw pact (light orange), and other former Communist regimes not aligned with Moscow (lightest orange). ... Position of Moscow in Europe Coordinates: Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Government  - Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Area  - City 1,081 km²  (417. ... Motto: Semper fidelis Location Map of Ukraine with Lviv. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and...


Air travel

The city is served by an Dnipropetrovsk International Airport (IATA: DNK) and is connected to other European cities with daily flights. Dnipropetrovsk International Airport (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ) (IATA: DNK, ICAO: UKDD) is an airport located 15 kilometers southeast from Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine city center. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ...


Culture

Attractions

The city features a variety of theatres (including a Theatre of Opera), museums, parks, restaurants and beaches, many of which may be of interest to tourists, providing they speak Russian.


The central streets of the city were renamed during the Soviet era in honor of Marxists, the central thoroughfare itself known as Karla Marksa Street. It is a very beautiful, wide and long parkway, which stretches east to west through the central part of the city. It was founded in the eighteenth century and parts of its buildings are the actual decoration of the city. In the heart of the city is Zhovtneva [October] Square, which includes the majestic cathedral founded by order of Catherine the Great in 1787. Karl Heinrich Marx (May 5, 1818, Trier, Germany – March 14, 1883, London) was a German philosopher, political economist, and revolutionary. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Catherine II (Екатерина II Алексеевна: Yekaterína II Alekséyevna, April 21, 1729 - November 6, 1796), born Sophie Augusta Fredericka, known as Catherine the Great, reigned as empress of Russia from...

Entrance to the Taras Shevchenko Park in Dnipropetrovsk.
Entrance to the Taras Shevchenko Park in Dnipropetrovsk.

On the square, there are some remarkable buildings: the Museum of History, Diorama "Battle for the Dnieper River (Second World War)", and also the beautiful park in which one can rest in the hot summer. Walking down the hill to the Dnieper River, one arrives in the large Taras Shevchenko Park (which is on the right bank of the river) and on Monastyrsky Island. This island is one of the most interesting places in the city. In the IX century, the Byzantine monks based a monastery here. It was destroyed by Mongol-Tatars in the XIII century. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 149 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Dnipropetrovsk Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 149 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Dnipropetrovsk Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Taras Shevchenko Taras Hryhorovych Shevchenko (Ukrainian: ) (March 9, 1814 [O.S. February 25] – March 10, 1861 [O.S. February 26]) was a Ukrainian poet, also an artist and a humanist. ... Combatants Soviet Union,[1] Poland, Tannu Tuva (until 1944 incorporation with USSR), Mongolia Germany,[2] Italy (to 1943), Romania (to 1944), Finland (to 1944), Hungary, Slovakia, Croatia, Spain (to 1943, unofficial) Commanders Joseph Stalin, Aleksei Antonov, Ivan Konev, Rodion Malinovsky, Ivan Bagramyan, Kirill Meretskov, Ivan Petrov, Alexander Rodimtsev, Konstantin Rokossovsky... The Dnieper River (also known as: Dnepr, Dniapro, or Dnipro) is a river which flows from Russia, through Belarus and Ukraine, ending its flow in the Black Sea. ... Taras Shevchenko Taras Hryhorovych Shevchenko (Ukrainian: ) (March 9, 1814 [O.S. February 25] – March 10, 1861 [O.S. February 26]) was a Ukrainian poet, also an artist and a humanist. ...


While the compact "old town" does not exist in Dnipropetrovsk anymore, numerous historic buildings still exist. Many historic buildings and churches were destroyed in the Second World War and in Stalin's Communist times in the 1930s. Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვი&#4314...


However, all of Central Avenue, some street-blocks on the main hill (the Nagornaya part) between Pushkina Prospekt and Embankment, and sections near Globy and Shevchenka parks have been untouched for 150 years, retaining their historical character.


The Dnieper River keeps the climate mild and the air fresh. It is visible from many points in Dnipropetrovsk. From any hill (there are 3 in the city) you will find a beautiful view of the river, islands, parks, outskirts, river banks and hills.


There was no need to build huge skyscrapers in the city in Soviet times. Powerful industries preferred to construct offices close to their main factories away from the centre of town. In the last ten years of independence the price of land in Ukraine has grown considerably. All the new office buildings are being built in the same architectural style as the old buildings.


Famous people from Dnipropetrovsk

House museum of Dmytro Yavornytsky.
House museum of Dmytro Yavornytsky.

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 207 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 207 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Dmytro Yavornytsky , pen name in Russian Evarnitsky, (November, 6 1855- August, 5 1940) was a noted Ukrainian historian, archeologist, ethnographer, folklorist, and lexicographer. ... Rabbi M.M. Schneerson The third Rebbe of the Chabad Lubavitch dynasty was also named Menachem Mendel Schneersohn (with a h) Menachem Mendel Schneerson (April 18, 1902-June 12, 1994), referred to by Lubavitchers as The Rebbe, was a prominent Orthodox Jewish rabbi who was the seventh and last Rebbe... Rabbi M.M. Schneerson The third Rebbe of the Chabad Lubavitch dynasty was also named Menachem Mendel Schneersohn (with a h) Menachem Mendel Schneerson (April 18, 1902-June 12, 1994) was an Orthodox Judaism rabbi who was the seventh and last Rebbe (spiritual leader) of the Chabad Lubavitch branch of... Boris Sagal directing The Omega Man Boris Sagal (October 18, 1917 - May 22, 1981) was an American television and film director. ... |- bgcolor=#eeeeee align=center ! colspan=4 | Competitor for  Ukraine |- bgcolor=#eeeeee align=center ! colspan=4 | Figure skating |- align=center bgcolor=white valign=middle |bgcolor=gold| Gold || 1994 Lillehammer || Ladies singles |} Oksana Baiul (Ukrainian: ), born November 16, 1977, in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine (then the Soviet Union), is a professional figure skater and... Figure skating is an ice skating sporting event where individuals, mixed couples, or groups perform spins, jumps, and other moves on the ice, often to music. ... (Redirected from 1994 Winter Olympic Games) The XVII Olympic Winter Games were held in 1994 in Lillehammer, Norway. ... Mikhail Nekrich is a Russian-born music producer, arranger, composer. ... Helena Blavatsky Helena Petrovna Hahn (also Hélène) (July 31, 1831 (O.S.) (August 12, 1831 (N.S.)) - May 8, 1891 London, England), better known as Helena Blavatsky or Madame Blavatsky was the founder of Theosophy. ... The Theosophical Society was the organization formed to advance the spiritual doctrines and altruistic living known as Theosophy. ... It has been suggested that Kabakov be merged into this article or section. ... Contemporary artists must deal on a regular basis on the intention and message behind their art, and increasingly, issues such as site-specificity and choice of materials are becoming more and more relevant in the broadcasting of both their message and the physical aesthetic of their artwork. ... Leonid Kuchma Leonid Danylovych Kuchma (Ukrainian: Леонід Данилович Кучма; born August 9, 1938) was the second President of Ukraine from July 19, 1994, to January 23, 2005. ... Mariyinsky Palace The President of Ukraine (Ukrainian: , Prezydent Ukrayiny) is the head of the state of Ukraine and acts in its name. ... Lazarenko, SF, CA, May, 2004 Pavlo Ivanovych Lazarenko ( Ukrainian: Павло Іванович Лазаренко) was a Ukrainian statesman, who, while in power, was notorious for his corruptive practices. ... The Prime Minister of Ukraine is appointed by the President and ratified by the Verkhovna Rada (parliament). ... Leonid Levin (born November 2, 1948, USSR) is a computer scientist. ... Computer science (informally: CS or compsci) is, in its most general sense, the study of computation and information processing, both in hardware and in software. ... Viktor Mykhaylovych Pinchuk (Ukrainian: ), one of the Business oligarchs who control post-Communist Ukraine, is the son-in-law of the ex-President Leonid Kuchma. ... Business oligarch is a synonym of business magnate. The inclusion of the word oligarch describes the significant influence such wealthy people may have on the life of a state. ... Yulia Volodymyrivna Tymoshenko[1] (Ukrainian: ) (born 27 November 1960) is a Ukrainian politician and former Prime Minister of Ukraine (from 24 January to 8 September 2005). ... The Prime Minister of Ukraine is appointed by the President and ratified by the Verkhovna Rada (parliament). ... Moses Schönfinkel, also known as Moisei Isaievich Sheinfinkel Шейнфинкель (September 4, 1889 Ekaterinoslav – 1942, Moscow) was a Russian logician and mathematician. ... A logician is a philosopher, mathematician, or other whose topic of scholarly study is logic. ... Leonhard Euler, one of the greatest mathematicians of all time A mathematician is a person whose primary area of study and research is the field of mathematics. ... Igor Olshansky (born May 3, 1982 in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine) is the first Soviet-born player in the National Football League. ... NFL logo For other uses of the abbreviation NFL, see NFL (disambiguation). ... Katherine Esau (April 3, 1898 – June 4, 1997) was a Ukrainian-American botanist. ...

Sport

The city also houses the Ukrainian Premier League football club, FC Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk. Professional football league of Ukraine logo The Ukrainian Premier League (Ukrainian: , Vyscha Liha) is the highest division of Ukrainian annual football championship. ... Football (soccer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... FC Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk (Ukrainian: ) is a Ukrainian professional football club from the city of Dnipropetrovsk. ...


References

Find more information on Dnipropetrovsk by searching Wikipedia's sister projects
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Learning resources from Wikiversity
  1. ^ Ukrcensus.gov.ua — City URL accessed on March 8, 2007
  2. ^ A closed city does not allow foreigners inside without official permission
  3. ^ See also: klimadiagramme.de — Climate in Dnipropetrovsk URL accessed on March 20, 2007

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ... A closed city (town) is a city/town with travel and residency restrictions in the former Soviet Union, or in a CIS country. ...

External links

  • meria.dp.ua — Official website of Dnipropetrovsk City Council (Ukrainian)/(Russian)
  • gorod.dp.ua — Dnipropetrovsk City portal (English)/(Russian)/(Ukrainian)
  • dnepr.info — Information & analytics
  • citymap.dp.ua — Streetmap of Dnipropetrovsk (Russian)


Administrative divisions of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast, Ukraine Flag of Ukraine

Raions: Apostolivskyi | Dnipropetrovskyi | Krynychanskyi | Kryvorizkyi | Mahdalynivskyi | Mezhivskyi | Nikopolskyi | Novomoskovskyi | Pavlohradskyi | Petropavlivskyi | Petrykivskyi | Pokrovskyi | Pyatykhatskyi | Shyrokivskyi | Sofiyivskyi | Solonianskyi | Synelnykivskyi | Tomakivskyi | Tsarychanskyi | Vasylkivskyi | Verkhnodniprovskyi | Yuryivskyi Image File history File links Dnipropetrowsk-oblast-COA.PNG File links The following pages link to this file: Dnipropetrovsk Oblast Kryvyi Rih Dnipropetrovsk Dniprodzerzhynsk Nikopol Pavlohrad Novomoskovsk, Ukraine Template:Cities in Dnipropetrovsk Oblast ... Dnipropetrovsk Oblast (Ukrainian: , Dnipropetrovs’ka oblast’ or Дніпропетровщина, Dnipropetrovshchyna) is an oblast of central Ukraine, the most important industrial region of the country. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Raions of Ukraine (Ukrainian: ) are small territorial units of subdivision of Ukraine. ...

Cities: Apostolove | Dniprodzerzhynsk | Dnipropetrovsk | Kryvyi Rih | Marhanets | Nikopol | Novomoskovsk | Ordzhonikidze | Pavlohrad | Pereschepyne | Pershotravensk | Piatykhatky | Pidhorodne | Synelnykove | Ternivka | Verkhivtseve | Verkhnodniprovsk | Vilnohirsk | Zelenodolsk | Zhovti Vody As of January 1, 2006 there are 457 cities (Ukrainian: мiсто, misto) in Ukraine. ... Apostolove (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Dnipropetrovsk Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Dniprodzerzhynsk (Ukrainian: Дніпродзержинськ, Dniprodzerzhynsk; Russian: Днепродзержинск, formerly Kamenskoye) is a city in Dnipropetrovsk Oblast of Ukraine, a port on the Dnieper river. ... Government Country Oblast Raion Ukraine Dnipropetrovsk Oblast Kryvyi Rihskyi Raion Founded 17th Century City rights 1919 Mayor Geographical characteristics Area  - City 407. ... Marhanets (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ) is a city in Dnipropetrovsk Oblast of central Ukraine. ... Nikopol (Нікополь) is a town of Ukraine, in the government of Ekaterinoslav, on the right bank of the Dnieper, 70 miles S.S.W. of the town of Ekaterinoslav. ... Novomoskovsk (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Dnipropetrovsk Oblast (province) of Ukraine and a center of Novomoskovsk Raion (district). ... Ordzhonikidze (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ) is a city of oblast subordinance in Dnipropetrovsk Oblast of central Ukraine. ... ... Pereschepyne (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Dnipropetrovsk Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Pershotravensk (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Dnipropetrovsk Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Piatykhatky (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Dnipropetrovsk Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Pidhorodne (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Dnipropetrovsk Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Synelnykove (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Dnipropetrovsk Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Government Country Oblast Ukraine Dnipropetrovsk Oblast Established 1775 City from 1976 Geographical characteristics Area  - City [[{{{area_magnitude}}}_m²|{{{area_total}}} km²]] Population  - City (2001) 29226 Coordinates Elevation 100 m Other Information Postal Code 51500 Dialing Code +380-5636 Ternivka (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Dnipropetrovsk Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Verkhivtseve (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Dnipropetrovsk Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Verkhnodniprovsk (Ukrainian: ;Russian: ) is a city in Dnipropetrovsk Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Vilnohirsk (Ukrainian: ) is a city in Dnipropetrovsk Oblast (province) of Ukraine. ... Zelenodolsk (Russian Зеленодольск; also Yäşel Ãœzän) is a city and district in the north-west region of the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia. ... Zhovti Vody (Ukrainian: , Polish: , Russian: ) is a city in south-central Ukraines Dnipropetrovsk Oblast (province). ...

Urban-type settlements: Krynychky | Mahdalynivka | Mezhova | Petropavlivka | Pokrovske | Shyroke | Sofiyivka | Solone | Tomakivka | Tsarychanka | Vasylkivka | Yuryivka | Zelenodolsk | more... As of January 1, 2006 there are 886 urban-type settlements (Ukrainian: , translit. ... As of January 1, 2006 there are 886 urban-type settlements (Ukrainian: , translit. ...

Villages: more...


Coat of arms of Ukraine Ukraine Flag of Ukraine
Administrative divisions of Ukraine:
Cherkasy Oblast | Chernihiv Oblast | Chernivtsi Oblast | Autonomous Republic of Crimea | Dnipropetrovsk Oblast | Donetsk Oblast | Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast | Kharkiv Oblast | Kherson Oblast | Khmelnytskyi Oblast | Kiev City | Kiev Oblast | Kirovohrad Oblast | Luhansk Oblast | Lviv Oblast | Mykolaiv Oblast | Odessa Oblast | Poltava Oblast | Rivne Oblast | Sevastopol City | Sumy Oblast | Ternopil Oblast | Vinnytsia Oblast | Volyn Oblast | Zakarpattia Oblast | Zaporizhia Oblast | Zhytomyr Oblast
Administrative centers of subdivision units:
Cherkasy | Chernihiv | Chernivtsi | Dnipropetrovsk | Donetsk | Ivano-Frankivsk | Kharkiv | Kherson | Khmelnytskyi | Kiev | Kirovohrad | Luhansk | Lutsk | Lviv | Mykolaiv | Odessa | Poltava | Rivne | Sevastopol | Simferopol | Sumy | Ternopil | Uzhhorod | Vinnytsia | Zaporizhia | Zhytomyr

  Results from FactBites:
 
Dnipropetrovsk: Information from Answers.com (1920 words)
A vital industrial center of Ukraine, Dnipropetrovsk was one of the key centers of the nuclear, arms, and space industries of the former Soviet Union.
Dnipropetrovsk was an important center of Jewish life, and 80,000 Jews lived in the city before the Holocaust, but soon after the Nazis conquered the city on October 12, 1941, 11,000 were shot; in the end only 15 Jews of Dnipropetrovsk survived at the end of the war.
Dnipropetrovsk and the surrounding oblast are the birthplace of the so-called "Dnipropetrovsk Clan", an influential informal political group inside the CPSU, members of whom were the industrial and party elite.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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