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Encyclopedia > Dniester
Dniester, Dnister, Nistru
Дністер, Днестр
Tiraspol and the Dniester river
Origin Ukrainian Carpathians
Mouth Black Sea
Basin countries Ukraine, Moldova
Length 1,362 km (846 mi)
Source elevation 1,000 m (3,281 ft)
Avg. discharge 310 m³/s (10,949 ft³/s)
Basin area 72,100 km² (27,838 mi²)

The Dniester (Ukrainian: Дністер translit. Dnister; Romanian: Nistru; Russian: Днестр, translit. Dnyestr) is a river in Eastern Europe. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... County Transnistria Status Municipality/Capital Mayor Viktor Kostyrko, since 2003 Area 85 km² Population (2005) 159 163 Geographical coordinates 46°51′ N 29°38′ E Web site http://www. ... [[ == Headline text == This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Satellite image of the Carpathians. ... NASA satellite image of the Black Sea Map of the Black Sea The Black Sea is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Anatolia that is actually a distant arm of the Atlantic Ocean by way of the Mediterranean Sea. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... [[ == Headline text == This article does not cite its references or sources. ... In hydrology, the discharge of a river is the volume of water transported by it in a certain amount of time. ... Romanization or Latinization of Ukrainian denotes a system for representing the Ukrainian language in Latin letters. ... The romanization of the Russian alphabet is the process of transliterating the Russian language from the Cyrillic alphabet and into the Latin alphabet, such as the English alphabet and other Latin alphabets in particular (and sometimes non-Latin alphabets). ... Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current national boundaries: Russia (dark orange), other countries of the former USSR (medium orange),members of the Warsaw pact (light orange), and other former Communist regimes not aligned with Moscow (lightest orange). ...

Contents

Geography

It rises in Ukraine, near Drohobych close to the border with Poland, and flows toward the Black Sea. For a short while it marks the border of Ukraine and Moldova, after which it flows through Moldova for 398 km, separating the bulk of its territory from Transnistria. It later forms an additional part of the Moldova-Ukraine border, then flows through Ukraine to the Black Sea, where its estuary forms the Dniester Liman. Drohobych (Ukrainian: , German: , Polish: , Russian: ) is a city located at the confluence of the Tysmenytsia river and Seret, a tributary of the latter, in the Lviv Oblast (province), in western Ukraine. ... NASA satellite image of the Black Sea Map of the Black Sea The Black Sea is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Anatolia that is actually a distant arm of the Atlantic Ocean by way of the Mediterranean Sea. ... For the region during the Second World War, see Transnistria (World War II). ... NASA satellite image of the Black Sea Map of the Black Sea The Black Sea is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Anatolia that is actually a distant arm of the Atlantic Ocean by way of the Mediterranean Sea. ... Rio de la Plata estuary Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Estuaries An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. ... Landsat satellite photo of Dniester Liman Dniester Liman (Ukrainian: ) is a liman (or lagoon), formed at the point where the river Dniester flows into the Black Sea. ...


In its lower half, the western bank is high and hilly while the eastern one is low and flat. The river represents the de facto end of the Asian steppe. Its most important tributaries are Răut and Bîc. A steppe in Western Kazakhstan in early spring In physical geography, a steppe (Russian: - , Ukrainian: - , Kazakh: - ), pronounced in English as , is a plain without trees (apart from those near rivers and lakes); it is similar to a prairie, although a prairie is generally considered as being dominated by tall grasses... A cliff by Răut Răut is a rivier in Moldova, a right tributary of Nistru (Dniester River). ... Bîc (Bâc or Byk) is a river in Moldova, a right tributary of Dniester. ...


Before World War II the Dniester formed part of the boundary between Romania and the Soviet Union. During the war, battles were fought on the left bank of the river between German and Romanian forces against Soviet troops. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Tributaries

The Stryi River is one of its tributaries. Tributaries on the right side are the Reut River, the Ikel River, the Byk River, and the Botna River. Tributaries on the left side are Zolota Lypa River (140 km), Koropets River, Dzhuryn River, Seret River (250 km), Zbruch River (245 km), Smotrych River (169 km), Ushytsia River (112 km), Kalius River, Liadova River, Murafa River (162 km), Rusava River, Yahorlyk River (173 km), and the Kuchurhan River (123 km).[1] This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Names

The name Dniester derives from Sarmatian (Iranian) *Dānu nazdya "the close river".[2] (By contrast, the Dnieper River derives from "the river far away".) The older name, Tyras, is from Scythian *tûra, meaning "rapid". Sarmatian Cataphract Sarmatians, Sarmatae or Sauromatae (the second form is mostly used by the earlier Greek writers, the other by the later Greeks and the Romans) were a people whom Herodotus (4. ... The Dnieper River (Russian: , Dnepr; Belarusian: , Dniapro; Ukrainian: , Dnipro) is a river which flows from Russia, through Belarus and Ukraine, ending its flow in the Black Sea. ... Scythia was an area in Eurasia inhabited in ancient times by an Indo-Aryans known as the Scythians. ...


In Russian, it is known as Днестр, translit. Dnestr, in Yiddish: Nester - נעסטער; in Turkish, Turla and during antiquity, it was called Tyras in Latin and Danastris in Greek. Classical authors have also referred to it as Danaster. The romanization of the Russian alphabet is the process of transliterating the Russian language from the Cyrillic alphabet and into the Latin alphabet, such as the English alphabet and other Latin alphabets in particular (and sometimes non-Latin alphabets). ... Yiddish (Yid. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Encyclopedia of Ukraine - Dniester River
  2. ^ Mallory, J.P. and Victor H. Mair. The Tarim Mummies: Ancient China and the Mystery of the Earliest Peoples from the West. London: Thames & Hudson, 2000. p. 106

External links

  • Dniester watershed resource maps (PDF) - Land cover and use variables, basin indicators, biodiversity information and indicators.
  • Dniester.org
  • Dniester photo gallery
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Dniester River | Pridnestrovie.net - Tiraspol, PMR: Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublica (Transnistria) (187 words)
Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic, is the official name for the left bank of the Dniester River / Dniestr River, or Dnestr (Nistru).
Pridnestrovie.net Pridnestrovie or Pridnestrovye is sometimes referred to as Transnistria or Transdnistria, TMR, DMR, Dniester Moldovan Republic also Transdniester, Transdniestr Trans-Dniestria.
The breakaway regime in separatist Transnistria became independent from Moldova in 1990 and is today separate de facto state.
Dniester budget (836 words)
Wind-driven exchange is less pronounced in the Dniester estuary because wind-induced surges along the straight western coast are relatively small, and the narrow estuarine orifice presents a considerable hindrance to free influx.
The Dniester River basin and the estuary area are the regions of high agricultural, hydrotechnical and port economical activities.
The mean annual concentration of the nitrogen in 1980-1990 comparison to the 1951-1960 increased by 6.5 times, the mean annual concentration of the phosphorus increased by 7 times of the concentration to the 1951-1960 (Zaitsev, 1993).
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