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Encyclopedia > Dmitry Pavlov

Dmitry Grigorevich Pavlov (Russian: Дмитрий Григорьевич Павлов, 1897-July 22, 1941) was a Soviet general who commanded the key Soviet Western Front during the initial days of the German invasion of the Soviet Union, or Operation Barbarossa, in June 1941. After his forces were heavily defeated in the first days of the campaign, he was relieved of his command, arrested, unjustly charged with military incompetence and treason, and then executed. He was exonerated (or rehabilitated in Soviet parlance) in 1956. [1] July 22 is the 203rd day (204th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 162 days remaining. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1941 calendar). ... State motto (Russian): Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) (Translated: Workers of the world, unite!) Capital Moscow Official language None; Russian (de facto) Government Federation of Soviet republics Area  - Total  - % water 1st before collapse 22,402,200 km² Approx. ... The Western Front was a military subdivision of the Soviet Army, one of the Soviet Army Fronts during the World War II. The term is not to be confused with the general notion of the front in Western direrection. Categories: Russia-related stubs | Soviet fronts ... Combatants Axis Powers Soviet Union Commanders Supreme commander: Adolf Hitler Supreme commander: Josef Stalin Strength ~ 3,200,000 ~ 2,600,000 Casualties 830,903 (174,000 dead, 36,000 missing, 604,000 injured) unknown Operation Barbarossa(Unternehmen Barbarossa) was the German codename for Nazi Germanys invasion of the Soviet... Rehabilitation in the context of Soviet or Russian topics is often a false friend used to translate the Russian term reabilitatsiya as applied to convicted persons. ...


He was a veteran of the First World War, as well as the Russian Civil War, serving in the Red Army since 1919. He graduated from the Frunze Military Academy in 1928. He then commanded various mechanised and cavalry units. As one of the Soviet military advisers, in 1936-37 he took part in the Spanish Civil War on the Republican side and commanded a brigade of Soviet tanks, for which he was made a Hero of the Soviet Union. In contrast to many other officers who took part in that war, he was not purged after his return to the Soviet Union [2], and was made the Head of the Directorate of Tank and Armoured Car Troops of the Red Army which gave him considerable influence on its development. In particular he insisted that tanks be shifted to infantry support roles [3], which in hindsight turned out to be incorrect. He participated in the Winter War, as well as the border clashes with Japan. In 1940 he became the commander of the Western (Belorussian) Special Military District, which became the Western Front bearing the brunt of German attack during Operation Barbarossa in June, 1941. On February 22, 1941 [4], he was one of the first Soviet generals to receive the new rank of General of the Army, inferior only to the rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union. After the units under his command suffered a disastrous defeat in the Battle of Białystok-Minsk, during the first days of the invasion, Pavlov was relieved of his command, arrested and unfairly accused of criminal incompetence and treason, and subsequently sentenced to death and executed on July 22 [1] (some sources give different dates in 1941). He was the only top Soviet commander executed during the war. His execution is widely considered to have been an attempt by Stalin to deflect the blame for the Soviet Union's disastrous initial performance in the war with Germany from himself. He was selected quite arbitrarily as a scapegoat, since other Soviet front commanders suffered similar defeats yet were spared. After Stalin's death in 1953, Pavlov was exonerated (in 1956), along with many other victims of Stalinist terror. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... The Russian Civil War was fought from 1918 to 1922. ... The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (in Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya), the armed forces first organized by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... There were a number of military academies in Soviet Union of different specialties. ... Cavalry is also a common misspelling of the Biblical hill Calvary. ... The Spanish Civil War (July 18, 1936–April 1, 1939) was a conflict in which the incumbent Second Spanish Republic and political left-wing groups fought against a right-wing nationalist insurrection led by General Francisco Franco, who eventually succeeded in ousting the Republican government and establishing a personal dictatorship. ... History of Spain series Prehistoric Spain Roman Spain Medieval Spain -Visigoths -Al-Andalus -Age of Reconquest Age of Expansion Age of Enlightenment Reaction and Revolution First Spanish Republic The Restoration Second Spanish Republic Spanish Civil War The Dictatorship Modern Spain Topics Economic History Military History Social History Flag of the... Hero of the Soviet Union (Russian: Геро́й Сове́тского Сою́за, transliterated as Geroy Sovetskogo Soyuza) was the highest honorary title and the superior degree of distinction of the former Soviet Union. ... In history and political science, to purge is to remove undesirable people from a government, political party, profession, or from community/society as a whole, usually by violent means. ... Combatants Finland Soviet Union Commanders Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim Kliment Voroshilov, later Semyon Timoshenko Strength 180,000 450,000 Casualties 22,830 dead 43,557 wounded c. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... Combatants Axis Powers Soviet Union Commanders Supreme commander: Adolf Hitler Supreme commander: Josef Stalin Strength ~ 3,200,000 ~ 2,600,000 Casualties 830,903 (174,000 dead, 36,000 missing, 604,000 injured) unknown Operation Barbarossa(Unternehmen Barbarossa) was the German codename for Nazi Germanys invasion of the Soviet... February 22 is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1941 calendar). ... General of the Army (Russian: генерал армии, general armii) was a rank of the Soviet Union which was first established in June 1940 as the highest rank for Red Army generals, inferior only to the Marshal of the Soviet Union. ... The rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union (Russian: Marshal Sovietskogo Soyuza [Маршал Советского Союза]) was in practice the highest military rank of the Soviet Union. ... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Fedor von Bock Dmitry Pavlov Casualties Unknown 425,000 The Battle of BiaÅ‚ystok-Minsk was one of the Border Battles during the opening stage of Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941. ... The scapegoat was a goat that was driven off into the wilderness as part of the ceremonies of Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, in Judaism during the times of the Temple in Jerusalem. ... Stalinism is a brand of political theory, and the political and economic system named after Josef Stalin, who implemented it in the Soviet Union. ...


References

  1. ^ a b Michael Parrish, The Lesser Terror: Soviet State Security, 1939-1953, Praeger/Greenwood, 1996. Relevant pages available from Google Book Search:

    [1] [2], [3], Wikibooks How to search has more about this subject: Google // Google offers a variety of services and tools besides its basic web search. ...

  2. ^ Constantine Pleshakov, Stalin's Folly: The Tragic First Ten Days of World War II on the Eastern Front, Houghton Mifflin Books, 2005. Relevant page available from Google Book Search: [4]
  3. ^ Joseph Page and Tim Bean, Russian Tanks of World War II, Zenith Imprint, 2002, Relevant page available via Google Book Search: [5], [6]
  4. ^ http://marshals.narod.ru http://marshals.narod.ru/Genar/genar1.html

External links

  • ((Russian)) Biography from hronos.km.ru
  • ((Russian)) Biography from warheros.ru

 
 

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