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Encyclopedia > Djibouti
جمهورية جيبوتي
Jumhūriyyat Jībūtī
Jamhuuriyadda Jabuuti
République de Djibouti
Republic of Djibouti
Flag of Djibouti Coat of arms of Djibouti
Flag Coat of arms
AnthemDjibouti
Capital
(and largest city)
Djibouti
11°36′N, 43°10′E
Official languages Arabic and French[1]
Recognised regional languages Afar, Somali
Demonym Djiboutian
Government Parliamentary republic
 -  President Ismail Omar Guelleh
 -  Prime Minister Dileita Mohamed Dileita
Independence from France 
 -  Date June 27, 1977 
Area
 -  Total 23,200 km² (149th)
8,958 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 0.09 (20 km² / 7.7 sq mi)
Population
 -  July 2007 estimate 496,374[1] (160th)
 -  2000 census 460,700 
 -  Density 34/km² (168th)
88/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2005 estimate
 -  Total $1.641 billion (164th)
 -  Per capita $2,070 (141st)
HDI (2007) 0.516 (medium) (149th)
Currency Franc (DJF)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+3)
Internet TLD .dj
Calling code +253

Djibouti (Arabic: جيبوتيJībūtī, Somali: Jabuuti), officially the Republic of Djibouti, is a country in eastern Africa. Djibouti is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast. The remainder of the border is formed by the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. On the other side of the Red Sea, on the Arabian Peninsula, 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the coast of Djibouti, is Yemen. The capital of Djibouti is the city of Djibouti. Djibouti port, fishing boat in front of container terminal The city of Djibouti (Arabic: , Somali: Jabuuti, French: ) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Djibouti. ... The national anthem of Djibouti was adopted upon independence from France in 1977. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Djibouti. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Djibouti. ... Flag ratio: 4:7 The national flag of Djibouti features two equal horizontal bands of blue (top) and green with a white isosceles triangle based on the hoist side bearing a red five-pointed star in the centre. ... Wappen Dschibutis The national coat of arms of Djibouti pictured here was introduced after attaining independence on 25 June 1977. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a countrys government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... The national anthem of Djibouti was adopted upon independence from France in 1977. ... Image File history File links LocationDjibouti. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... About two-thirds of the Republic of Djiboutis 652,000 inhabitants live in the capital city. ... An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... Arabic redirects here. ... A regional language is a language spoken in a part of a country, be it may be a small area, a federal state or province, or a wider area. ... Afar () is a Lowland East Cushitic language spoken in Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... List of Heads of State of Djibouti Affiliations:- See also:- Djibouti Heads of Government of Djibouti French Territory of Afars and Issas (FTAI) French Somaliland Colonial Heads of Djibouti (French Somaliland) Lists of Incumbents Categories: Lists of office-holders ... U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld and Djibouti President Ismail Omar Guelleh shake hands at the Presidential residence in Djibouti Ismaïl Omar Guelleh (born November 27, 1947) is the second president of Djibouti. ... List of Heads of Government of Djibouti (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Affiliations:- See also:- Djibouti Heads of State of Djibouti French Territory of Afars and Issas (FTAI) French Somaliland Colonial Heads of Djibouti (French Somaliland) Lists of Incumbents Categories: Lists of office-holders ... Dileita Mohamed Dileita (born 1958) has been the Prime Minister of Djibouti since March 4, 2001. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... A percentage is a way of expressing a proportion, a ratio or a fraction as a whole number, by using 100 as the denominator. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Map of countries by population for the year 2007. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Population density by country, 2006 List of countries and dependencies by population density in inhabitants/km². The list includes sovereign states and self-governing dependent territories that are recognized by the United Nations. ... PPP of GDP for the countries of the world (2003). ... There are three lists of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) (the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year). ... Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head. ... This article includes two lists of countries of the world[1] sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) at purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita, the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year divided by the average population for the same year. ... This page talks about Human Development Index, for other HDIs see HDI (disambiguation) World map indicating Human Development Index (2007). ... This talks about the countries in the Human Development Index, for information on the Human Development Index, please Click Here World map indicating Human Development Index (2007) (Colour-blind compliant map) For red-green color vision problems. ... The franc (Arabic: فرنك) is the official currency of the African nation of Djibouti. ... ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Africa: Striped colours indicate countries observing daylight saving East Africa Time, or EAT, is a time zone used in eastern Africa. ... UTC redirects here. ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... UTC redirects here. ... A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is a top-level domain used and reserved for a country or a dependent territory. ... .dj is the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Djibouti. ... This is a list of country calling codes defined by ITU-T recommendation E.164. ... Arabic redirects here. ... Categories: Africa geography stubs | Eastern Africa ... Location of the Red Sea The Red Sea is an inlet of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia. ... Gulf of Aden in 1860 The Gulf of Aden (Arabic: خليج عدن; transliterated: Khalyj Adan) is located in the Indian Ocean between Yemen on the south coast of the Arabian Peninsula and Somalia in Africa. ... Arabia redirects here. ... “Miles” redirects here. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of Djibouti

The history of Djibouti as recorded in poetry and songs of its nomadic peoples, goes back thousands of years to a time when Djiboutians traded hides and skins for the perfumes and spices of ancient Egypt, India, and China. Through close contacts with the Arabian peninsula for more than 1,000 years, the Somali and Afar tribes in this region became among the first on the African continent to accept Islam. The Republic of Djibouti gained its independence on June 27, 1977. ... Afar (or Danakil) are a tribal people who reside principally in the Danakil Desert in the Afar Region of Ethiopia and in Eritrea and Djibouti. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ...


French interest developed in the nineteenth century when the area was ruled by the sultan of Raheita, Tadjoura and Gobaad. The French purchased the anchorage of Obock in 1862 and expanded it eventually to a colony called French Somaliland with essentially the current boundaries. In 1967 the area became the French overseas territory of the Afars and Issas. For other uses, see Sultan (disambiguation). ... Afar (or Danakil) are a tribal people who reside principally in the Danakil Desert in the Afar Region of Ethiopia and in Eritrea and Djibouti. ... The Issa are a Somali clan who reside primarily in Djibouti. ...


The Republic of Djibouti gained its independence from France on June 27, 1977. Djibouti is an Islamic country which regularly takes part in Islamic affairs as well as Arab meetings. is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ...


Politics

Main article: Politics of Djibouti

Djibouti is a semi-presidential republic, with executive power in the central government, and legislative power in both the government and parliament. The parliamentary party system is dominated by the People's Rally for Progress and the current President is Ismail Omar Guelleh. The country's current constitution was approved in September 1992. Djibouti is a one party dominant state with the People's Rally for Progress in power. Opposition parties are allowed, but have no real chance of gaining power (see Elections in Djibouti). In 1981, Hassen Gouled Aptidon was elected as President of Djibouti. ... States with semi-presidential systems are shown in yellow The semi-presidential system is a system of government that features both a prime minister and a president who are active participants in the day to day functioning of government. ... Look up republic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Under the doctrine of the separation of powers, the executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law. ... A legislature is a governmental deliberative body with the power to adopt laws. ... The Peoples Rally for Progress (French: Rassemblement populaire pour le Progrès, RPP) is a governing political party in Djibouti. ... U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld and Djibouti President Ismail Omar Guelleh shake hands at the Presidential residence in Djibouti Ismaïl Omar Guelleh (born November 27, 1947) is the second president of Djibouti. ... Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A dominant-party system, or one party dominant system, is a party system where only one political party can realistically become the government, by itself or in a coalition government. ... Politics of Djibouti Categories: Election related stubs | Elections in Djibouti ...


The government is seen as being controlled by the Somali Issa clan, though at its head power is shared between a Somali President and an Afar Prime Minister (Scoitas Shilades), with cabinet posts similarly divided. The country has recently come out of a decade long civil war, with the government and the Front for the Restoration of Unity and Democracy (FRUD) signing a peace treaty in 2000. Two FRUD members are part of the current cabinet. The Djiboutian Civil War (also known as the Afar Insurgency) was a conflict in Djibouti between the Peoples Rally for Progress (RPP) government (predominantly Ciise in ethnicity) and the predominantly Afar rebel group, the Front for the Restoration of Unity and Democracy (FRUD). ... Politics of Djibouti Categories: Politics stubs | Substubs | Djibouti political parties ...


Despite elections of the 1990s being described as "generally fair", Guelleh was sworn in for his second and final six year term as president in a one-man race on 8 April 2005. He took 100% of the votes in a 78.9% turnout. Opposition parties boycotted the election, describing the poll as not rigged. April 8 is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Djibouti's second president, Guelleh was first elected to office in 1999, taking over from Hassan Gouled Aptidon, who had ruled the country since its independence from France in 1977.[2] Hassan Gouled Aptidon Hassan Gouled Aptidon (Arabic: حسن جولد أبتيدون), born October 15, 1916,in a small village called Garissa in the Lughaya district of Somaliland, was the President of Djibouti (1977-1999) and Prime Minister between May and July, 1977. ...


The prime minister, who follows the council of ministers ('cabinet'), is appointed by the President. The parliament - the Chambre des Députés - consists of 52 members who are elected every five to nine years


In 2001, the Djiboutian government leased the former French Foreign Legion base Camp Lemonier to the United States. Camp Lemonier is being used by the United States Central Command in operations as part of Operation Enduring Freedom. Legionnaire redirects here. ... Camp Le Monier is a United States Marine Corps Base situated in Djibouti and is home to Combined Joint Task Force Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA). ... Emblem of the United States Central Command. ... Combatants United States, Poland, France, Canada, Pakistan, India, Australia, United Kingdom, Germany, Netherlands, New Zealand, Philippines (in the Philippines theatre only), Northern Alliance, Italy, Czech Republic, Hungary, Ethiopia, Somalia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia, Albania, Macedonia, Romania, Portugal, Bulgaria, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Georgia Taliban, al-Qaeda, Abu Sayyaf, Jemaah...


France's 13th Foreign Legion Demi-Brigade shares Camp Lemonier with the Combined Joint Task Force Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA) of the United States Central Command, which arrived in 2002. It is from Djibouti that Abu Ali al-Harithi, suspected mastermind of the 2000 USS Cole bombing, and U.S. citizen Ahmed Hijazi, along with four others persons, were assassinated in 2002 while riding a car in Yemen, by a Hellfire missile sent by a RQ-1 Predator drone actionned from CIA headquarters in Langley, Virginia.[3] It is also from there that the U.S. Army launched attacks in 2007 against Islamic forces in Somalia. The 13e Démi-Brigade de la Légion Étrangère (13e DBLE) is an infantry unit of the French Foreign Legion. ... Camp Le Monier is a United States Marine Corps Base situated in Djibouti and is home to Combined Joint Task Force Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA). ... Combatants NATO and allies, represented by: Belgium Canada France Germany Italy Spain United States United Kingdom Australia New Zealand Pakistan al-Qaeda Somali Pirates Casualties 15 non-combat fatalities Operation Enduring Freedom - Horn of Africa is the official name used by the US government for a component of its response... The United States Central Command (CENTCOM) is a theater-level Unified Combatant Command unit of the U.S. armed forces, established in 1983 under the operational control of the U.S. Secretary of Defense. ... Abu Ali al-Harithi Abu Ali al-Harithi was a citizen of Yemen and a suspected al-Qaida operative who is believed to have been the mastermind behind the October 2000 USS Cole bombing. ... The USS Cole bombing was a suicide bombing attack against the U.S. Navy guided missile destroyer USS Cole (DDG 67) on October 12, 2000 while it was harbored in the Yemeni port of Aden. ... Ahmed Hijazi was a U.S. citizen killed by the U.S. CIA during a covert mission in Yemen in November 2002. ... Hellfire AGM-114A AGM-114 Hellfire (Helicopter launched fire-and-forget) is a U.S. air-to-ground missile system designed to defeat tanks and other individual targets while minimizing the exposure of the launch vehicle to enemy fire. ... Predator Unmanned Aerial Vehicle flies on a simulated Navy aerial reconnaissance flight off southern California in December 1995. ... Langley is an unincorporated community in the census-designated place of McLean in Fairfax County, Virginia, United States. ... Combatants Islamic Courts Union Hizbul Shabaab al-Itihaad al-Islamiya Alleged: Foreign Mujahideen al-Qaeda  Eritrea  Ethiopia TFG Galmudug Puntland After the invasion: AMISOM United States Commanders Hassan Aweys Sharif Ahmed Hasan Hersi Adan Ayrow Abdikadir Adan Shire Abdi Hasan Awale Mohamud Muse Hersi Meles Zenawi Patrick M. Walsh Strength...


Geography

Lac Assal area
Lac Assal area
Main article: Geography of Djibouti

Djibouti lies in northeast Africa on the Gulf of Aden at the southern entrance to the Red Sea. Djibouti has 314 km (195 mi) of coastline and shares a 113 km (70 mi) border with Eritrea, 337 km (209 mi) with Ethiopia and 58 km (36 mi) with Somalia (total 506 km/314 mi). The country, the size of Massachusetts, is mainly a stony desert, with scattered plateaus and highlands. Lake Assal is a crater lake in central Djibouti. ... Map of Djibouti Djibouti is in Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, between Eritrea and Somalia. ... “km” redirects here. ... “Miles” redirects here. ...


Regions and districts

Map of the regions of Djibouti

Djibouti is divided into 5 regions and one city. It is further subdivided into 11 districts. Image File history File links Djibouti-regions. ... Djibouti is divided into five regions and one city. ... Djibouti is divided into five regions and one city. ... Djibouti is divided into five regions and one city. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... Districts are a form of local government in several countries. ...


The regions and city are:

Ali Sabieh is a region in Djibouti. ... Arta is a newly created region in Djibouti. ... Dikhil is a region in Djibouti. ... Djibouti port, fishing boat in front of container terminal The city of Djibouti (Arabic: , Somali: Jabuuti, French: ) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Djibouti. ... Obock is a region in Djibouti. ... Tadjourah is a region in Djibouti. ...

Economy

Main article: Economy of Djibouti
Typical street in the city of Djibouti, Djibouti, Africa. Winter, 2005.
Typical street in the city of Djibouti, Djibouti, Africa. Winter, 2005.

The economy of Djibouti is based on service activities connected with the country's strategic location and status as a free trade zone in northeast Africa. Two-thirds of the inhabitants live in the capital city, the remainder being mostly nomadic herders. Scant rainfall limits crop production to fruits and vegetables, and most food must be imported. The economy of Djibouti depends on a large foreign expatriate community, the maritime and commercial activities of the Port of Djibouti, its airport, and the operation of the Addis Ababa-Djibouti railroad. ... Image File history File links Djibouti_street. ... Image File history File links Djibouti_street. ... Popular Japanese fashion magazine throughout the 1990s; the photography of which has recently been reissued in two collections from Phaidon press. ... Vegetables on a market Vegetable is a nutritional and culinary term denoting any part of a plant that is commonly consumed by humans as food, but is not regarded as a culinary fruit, nut, herb, spice, or grain. ...


In April 2005, the United Nations World Food Programme warned that 30,000 people in Djibouti face serious food shortages following three years of poor rains.[4]

Djibouti City market

Djibouti provides services as both a transit port for the region and an international transshipment and refueling center. It has few natural resources and little industry. The nation is, therefore, heavily dependent on foreign assistance to help support its balance of payments and to finance development projects. An unemployment rate of 40% to 50% continues to be a major problem. Inflation is not a concern, however, because of the fixed tie of the franc to the U.S. dollar. Per capita consumption dropped an estimated 35% over the last seven years because of recession, civil war, and a high population growth rate (including immigrants and refugees). Renewed fighting between Ethiopia and Eritrea has been beneficial to Djibouti, the Port of Djibouti now serving as landlocked Ethiopia's primary link to the sea. Faced with a multitude of economic difficulties, the government has fallen into arrears on long-term external debt and has been struggling to meet the stipulations of foreign aid donors.[1] CIA figures for world unemployment rates, 2006 Unemployment is the state in which a person is without work, available to work, and is currently seeking work. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... In macroeconomics, a Recession is a decline in any countrys Gross Domestic Product (GDP), or negative real economic growth, for two or more successive quarters of a year. ... This article is about the definition of the specific type of war. ... Population growth rate is a term used in demographics and ecology which refers to the rate at which the number of individuals in a population increases. ... Image:Port of djibouti This article is considered orphaned, since there are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


Demographics

Flea Market in Djibouti City.
Flea Market in Djibouti City.

The population consists of two major groups, the Somali people and the Afar. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... About two-thirds of the Republic of Djiboutis 652,000 inhabitants live in the capital city. ... The Somalis are an ethnic group located in the Horn of Africa. ... Afar (or Danakil) are a tribal people who reside principally in the Danakil Desert in the Afar Region of Ethiopia and in Eritrea and Djibouti. ...


The remainder is formed by Europeans (mostly French and Italians), Arabs and Ethiopians. Tensions between the Afar and Issa was the cause of the civil war in the early 1990s. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Languages Italian, Sicilian, Neapolitan, Corsican, Sardinian, Emiliano-Romagnolo, Ligurian, Lombard, Piedmontese, Venetian, Ladin, Friulian Religions predominantly Roman Catholic      The Italians are a Southern European ethnic group found primarily in Italy and in a wide-ranging diaspora throughout Western Europe, the Americas and Australia. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... The Djiboutian Civil War (also known as the Afar Insurgency) was a conflict in Djibouti between the Peoples Rally for Progress (RPP) government (predominantly Ciise in ethnicity) and the predominantly Afar rebel group, the Front for the Restoration of Unity and Democracy (FRUD). ...


The Somali ethnic component in Djibouti is mainly composed of the Issas, who form the majority and the Gadabuursi and Isaaq, all of whom are closely related as Dir subclans. The Issas form part of the ciise Madoobe Dir, while the Gadabuursi and Isaaq are part of the Mahe Dir, Mohammed Hiniftire. Dir is a Somali clan whose members live mostly in northern Somalia, central (Mudug), Ethiopias Somali region 5, and Southern Somalia. ...


Although French and Arabic are the official languages, Somali and Afar are widely spoken.[1] Arabic redirects here. ... Afar () is a Lowland East Cushitic language spoken in Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti. ...


The bulk of Djibouti's people are urban residents; the remainder are herders. Health, sanitary, and education services are relatively poor in both urban and rural areas.

 BOOTY BOOTY BOOTY 

Religion

Djibouti city mosque

Djibouti's main religion is Islam. Just like Islam in other countries, every town and village in Djibouti has a mosque, to which people go to worship. Tombs of their former religious leaders and those considered holy are known as sacred spaces. The most famous sacred space for Islam in Djibouti is the tomb of Sheikh Abu Yazid, found in the Goda Mountains. In addition to the Islamic calendar, Muslims in Djibouti also recognize New Year's Day (January 1), and Labor Day (May 1), as holidays. For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Muslim religion comprises 94 percent of Djibouti's population (about 444,440). This leaves six percent for other religions. Christianity is mainly the other prevalent religion. Djibouti's state religion is Islam. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is...


Culture

Beach in Djibouti City.
Beach in Djibouti City.
Main article: Culture of Djibouti

Djiboutian attire evinces the hot, arid climate. Men wear a loosely wrapped piece of cloth that goes down to about the knee, along with a cotton robe over the shoulder, much like a Roman toga. Women wear long skirts, typically dyed brown. Married women wear cloth to cover their heads, sometimes also covering their upper body. Unmarried or young women do not cover their heads. Traditional Arabian dress is worn strictly during religious festivals, especially in preparation for the hajj. For some occasions, women may adorn themselves with jewelry and headdresses.[5] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Republic of Djibouti is ethnically diverse, due to its strategic location at the crossroads of trade and commerce. ... Marcus Aurelius wearing a toga. ... A supplicating pilgrim at Masjid Al Haram, the mosque which was built around the Kaaba (the cubical building at center). ...


A lot of Djibouti's original art is passed on and preserved orally, mainly through song. Using their native language, these people can sing or dance a story, acting it out. Many examples of French and Islamic influences can be noted in their buildings, which contain plasterwork, carefully constructed motifs and calligraphy. Look up motif in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Contemporary Western Calligraphy. ...

See also: Music of Djibouti and List of African writers (by country)#Djibouti

Djibouti is an African country on the Horn of Africa. ... African Writers (by country): This is a list of prominent and notable literary figures from the African continent, listed by country, including poets, novelists, childrens writers, essayists, and scholars, listed by country. ...

See also

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Camel (disambiguation). ... An Inner Mongolia Grassland. ... Telephones - main lines in use: 9,500 (2003) Telephones - mobile cellular: 23,000 (2003) Telephone system: general assessment: telephone facilities in the city of Djibouti are adequate as are the microwave radio relay connections to outlying areas of the country domestic: microwave radio relay network international: country code - 253; submarine... Djiboutis military and economic agreements with France provide continued security and economic assistance. ... Djiboutis military consists of the Djibouti National Army (includes Navy and Air Force). ... Railways: total: 100 km (Djibouti segment of the Addis Ababa-Djibouti railroad) narrow gauge: 100 km 1. ... This is a list of fish on stamps of Afars and Issas Categories: Lists of fish on stamps ... Djibouti is one of 35 countries where Scouting exists (be it embryonic or widespread) but where there is no National Scout Organization which is a member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement at the present time. ... Nikos Kavadias (1910-1975) was a Greek poet and writer, very popular in his native country, who, travelling the world as a sailor, wrote and idealised life at sea and its adventures. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c d Djibouti (HTML). World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency (2007-09-06). Retrieved on 2007-09-18.
  2. ^ DJIBOUTI: Guelleh sworn in for second presidential term. Retrieved on December 4, 2005.
  3. ^ Djibouti: a new army behind the wire, Le Monde diplomatique, February 2003 (English) (+ (French)/(Portuguese))
  4. ^ Djibouti drought threatens 30,000 with grave food shortages, 29 April 2005, World Food Programme. Retrieved August 4, 2007.
  5. ^ Image of Djibouti women in headdresses. Retrieved on April 5, 2008.

The World Factbook is an annual publication by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States with basic almanac-style information about the various countries of the world. ... CIA redirects here. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This monthly magazine is not to be mistaken for the daily Le Monde. Le Monde diplomatique (nicknamed Le Diplo by its French readers) is a monthly publication offering analysis and opinion on politics, culture, and current affairs. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... The World Factbook (ISSN 1553-8133; also known as the CIA World Factbook)[2] is an annual publication of the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States with almanac-style information about the countries of the world. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

Further reading

  • Djibouti: Pawn of the Horn of Africa Robert Saint-Veran
  • Historical Dictionary of Djibouti Daoud A. Alwan
  • Naval Strategy East of Suez: The Role of Djibouti Charles W.

External links

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Southern Sudan is a region of Sudan. ... Aramaic is a group of Semitic languages with a 3,000-year history. ... Hebrew redirects here. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia4U - Djibouti - Encyclopedia Article (459 words)
The Republic of Djibouti is a country in eastern Africa, located in the Horn of Africa.
Djibouti is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the south east.
Djibouti's coastal area is separated from the inland plateaus by a mountain range that reach up to a maximum of 2000 m.
Djibouti - encyclopedia article about Djibouti. (2275 words)
Djibouti is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast.
Djibouti's second president, Guelleh was first elected to ofice in 1999, taking over from his uncle, Hassan Gouled Aptidon, who had ruled the country since its independence from France in 1977.
It is bordered by Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south, and Djibouti in the southeast.
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