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Encyclopedia > Django Reinhardt
Django Reinhardt

Background information
Born 23 January 1910(1910-01-23)
Liberchies, Pont-à-Celles, Belgium
Died 16 May 1953 (aged 43)
Fontainebleau, France
Genre(s) Romani music, Gypsy jazz, Continental Jazz, Jazz Manouche
Occupation(s) musician, composer
Instrument(s) guitar
Years active 1928–1953
Associated acts Stéphane Grappelli

Jean-Baptiste "Django" Reinhardt (January 23, 1910May 16, 1953) was a Belgian Sinto Gypsy jazz guitarist. He was one of the first prominent jazz musicians to be born in Europe, and one of the most renowned jazz guitarists of all time. His most renowned works include "My Sweet", "Minor Swing", "Tears", "Belleville", "Djangology" and "Nuages" (French, meaning "Clouds"). His name is pronounced [dʒɑ̃ŋgo ʀeˈnɑʀt]. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File links Django9. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Liberchies is a nice little village situated along the previous Roman highway Bavay-Tongeren where a vicus was discovered. ... Pont-à-Celles is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 7 - President Harry S. Truman announces the United States has developed a hydrogen bomb. ... Coordinates Administration Country Region ÃŽle-de-France Department Seine-et-Marne (sous-préfecture) Arrondissement Fontainebleau Canton Fontainebleau (chief town) Intercommunality Communauté de communes de Fontainebleau-Avon Mayor Frédéric Valletoux (2005-2008) Statistics Altitude 42–150 (avg. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... 19th century print of Romani musicians Roma musicians at a wedding in the Czech Republic in 2005 Typically nomadic, the Roma have long acted as wandering entertainers and tradesmen. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Continental Jazz is a term used to describe early jazz dance bands of Europe in the swing medium, to the exclusion of Great Britain. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... Stéphane Grappelli (January 26, 1908 – December 1, 1997) was a French pioneer jazz violinist who founded the Quintette du Hot Club de France with guitarist Django Reinhardt. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 7 - President Harry S. Truman announces the United States has developed a hydrogen bomb. ... Sinti or Sinte (Singular masc. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... For the UK magazine, see Guitarist (magazine). ...

Contents

Biography

Born in Liberchies, Pont-à-Celles, Belgium, Reinhardt spent most of his youth in gypsy encampments close to Paris, playing banjo, guitar and violin from an early age professionally at Bal-musette halls in Paris. He started first on the violin and eventually moved on to a banjo-guitar that had been given to him and his first known recordings (in 1928) were of him playing the banjo (a banjo guitar has six strings tuned in standard guitar tuning). Liberchies is a nice little village situated along the previous Roman highway Bavay-Tongeren where a vicus was discovered. ... Pont-à-Celles is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut. ... Language(s) Romani, languages of native region Religion(s) Romanipen, combined with assimilations from local religions Related ethnic groups South Asians (Desi) This article is about the Indo-Aryan ethnic group. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... For other uses, see Banjo (disambiguation) The banjo is a stringed instrument developed by enslaved Africans in the United States, adapted from several African instruments. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... For the Anne Rice novel, see Violin (novel). ... Bal-musette is a style of French popular music which arose in 1880s Parisespecially the 5th, 11th and 12th districts. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... For the Anne Rice novel, see Violin (novel). ... The guitjo or banjitar is a six-string banjo with the neck of a guitar. ...

Django Reinhardt as a boy
Django Reinhardt as a boy

At the age of 18 Reinhardt was injured in a fire that ravaged the caravan he shared with Bella, his first wife. They were very poor, and to supplement their income Bella made imitation flowers out of celluloid and paper. Consequently, their home was full of this highly flammable material. Returning from a performance late one night, Django apparently knocked over a candle on his way to bed. While his family and neighbors were quick to pull him to safety, he received first- and second-degree burns over half his body. His right leg was paralyzed and the third and fourth fingers of his left hand were badly burnt. Doctors believed that he would never play guitar again and intended to amputate one of his legs. Reinhardt refused to have the surgery and left the hospital after a short time; he was able to walk within a year with the aid of a cane. Django Reinhardt as a boy The copyright status of this vintage image is undetermined; it may still be copyrighted. ... Django Reinhardt as a boy The copyright status of this vintage image is undetermined; it may still be copyrighted. ... Celluloid is the name of a class of compounds created from nitrocellulose and camphor, plus dyes and other agents, generally regarded to be the first thermoplastic. ...


His brother Joseph Reinhardt, an accomplished guitarist himself, bought Django a new guitar. With painful rehabilitation and practice Django relearned his craft in a completely new way, even as his third and fourth fingers remained partially paralyzed. Hence, he used to play solos with only two fingers, and managed to use the two injured ones for some chords.


Career

Reinhardt (left) & Grappelli (right).

In 1934, Louis Vola formed the "Quintette du Hot Club de France" with Reinhardt, violinist Stéphane Grappelli, Reinhardt's brother Joseph and Roger Chaput on guitar, and himself on bass. Occasionally Chaput was replaced by Pierre "Baro" Ferret. The vocalist Freddie Taylor participated in a few songs, such as "Georgia On My Mind" and "Nagasaki". The concept of "lead guitar" (Django) and backing "rhythm guitar" (Joseph Reinhardt/Roger Chaput or Pierre Ferret) was born with that band. They also used their guitars for percussive sounds, as they had no true percussion section. The Quintet du Hot Club de France was one of the few well-known jazz bands to have no drums or percussion section. Image File history File links This image is the cover of an album or single. ... Image File history File links This image is the cover of an album or single. ... Louis Vola, born 6 July 1902 in La-Seyne-sur-Mer, France, was a bassist famous for his work with the Quintette du Hot Club de France. ... Quintette du Hot Club de France was one of the early, and most significant, jazz groups in Europe. ... For the Anne Rice novel, see Violin (novel). ... Stéphane Grappelli (January 26, 1908 – December 1, 1997) was a French pioneer jazz violinist who founded the Quintette du Hot Club de France with guitarist Django Reinhardt. ... Pierre Joseph Ferret (1908 - 1978), nicknamed Baro (meaning Big One in Romany) was a Gypsy jazz guitarist and composer. ... Georgia on My Mind is a song written in 1930 by Stuart Gorrell (lyrics) and Hoagy Carmichael (music). ...


Reinhardt later formed bands with more conventional instrumentations as with clarinet or saxophone, piano, bass and drums. He produced numerous recordings at this time with the quintet. But he played and recorded also with many American Jazz legends such as Coleman Hawkins, Benny Carter, Rex Stewart (who later stayed in Paris), and a jam-session with jazz legend Louis Armstrong. Reinhardt could neither read nor write music, and was barely literate. Stéphane took the band's downtime to teach him. Two soprano clarinets: a Bâ™­ clarinet (left, with capped mouthpiece) and an A clarinet (right, with no mouthpiece). ... The saxophone (colloquially referred to as sax) is a conical-bored instrument of the woodwind family. ... A short grand piano, with the lid up. ... Side and front views of a modern double bass with a French bow. ... For other kinds of drums, see drum (disambiguation). ... Coleman Hawkins Coleman Randolph Hawkins, nicknamed Hawk and sometimes Bean, (November 21, 1901 or 1904 - May 19, 1969) was a prominent jazz tenor saxophone musician. ... Bennett Lester Carter (August 8, 1907 – July 12, 2003) was an American jazz alto saxophonist, clarinetist, trumpeter, composer, arranger, and bandleader. ... Rex Stewart (1907–1967) was an American jazz cornetist best known for his work with the Duke Ellington orchestra. ... Louis[1] Armstrong[2] (4 August 1901[3] – July 6, 1971), nicknamed Satchmo[4] and Pops, was an American jazz musician. ...


WWII

As World War II was declared, the original quintet was on tour in the United Kingdom. Reinhardt returned to Paris at once, leaving his wife behind. Grappelli remained in the United Kingdom for the duration of the war and Reinhardt reformed the quintet in Paris with Hubert Rostaing on clarinet in place of Grappelli's violin. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... A quintet is a formation containing five members. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Hubert Rostaing(September 17, 1918; June 10, 1990) was a jazz clarinetist and tenor saxophonist. ... Two soprano clarinets: a B♭ clarinet (left, with capped mouthpiece) and an A clarinet (right, with no mouthpiece). ...


Reinhardt survived World War II unscathed, unlike many other Gypsies who perished in the concentration death camps of the Nazis. It was especially hard for Django's people because jazz itself was not allowed under Hitler's regime. He had the help of a Luftwaffe official named Dietrich Schulz-Köhn, also known as "Doktor Jazz", who deeply admired his music. In 1943 Django married Sophie Ziegler in Salbris, with whom he had a son, Babik Reinhardt, who went on to become a respected guitarist in his own right. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... A death camp is either a concentration camp, the important (though not necessarily single) function of which is to facilitate mass murder of the people deported into such a camp (such as the Nazis Auschwitz and Majdanek, which acquired their murderous functions only some time after they had been... Nazism in history Nazi ideology Nazism and race Outside Germany Related subjects Lists Politics Portal         Nazism or National Socialism (German: Nationalsozialismus), refers primarily to the ideology and practices of the Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers Party, German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) under Adolf Hitler. ... The Deutsche Luftwaffe or   (German: air force, IPA: ) is the commonly used term for the German air force. ... Babik Reinhardt (1944-2001) was one of Django Reinhardts sons, and a guitarist in his own right. ...


Post war

After the war, Reinhardt rejoined Grappelli in the UK, and went on to tour the United States, opening for Duke Ellington, and playing at Carnegie Hall, with many notable musicians and composers such as Maury Deutsch. Despite Reinhardt's great pride in touring with Ellington (one of his two letters to Grappelli relates this excitement), he wasn't really integrated into the band, playing only a few tunes at the end of the show, with no special arrangements written personally for him. He was used to his brother, Joseph, carrying around his guitar for him and tuning it. Allegedly, Reinhardt was given an untuned guitar to play with (discovered after strumming a chord) and it took him five whole minutes to tune it. Also, he was used to playing a Selmer Modèle Jazz, the guitar he made famous, but he was required to play a new amplified model. After "going electric", the results were not as much liked by fans.[1] He returned to France with broken dreams, but continued to play and make many recordings. This article is about the American Jazz composer and performer. ... Carnegie Hall is a concert venue in Midtown Manhattan in New York City located at 881 Seventh Avenue, occupying the east stretch of Seventh Avenue between West 56th Street and West 57th Street. ... Maury Deutsch (born 1918 in New York City) is a musician, from an early age playing the trumpet. ... Reinhardt with a Selmer The Selmer Guitar (often, incorrectly, called a Selmer-Maccaferri or just Maccaferri by anglophones, as its inventors rather than manufacturers name was stressed in the early British advertising) is an unusual acoustic guitar best known as the favored instrument of Django Reinhardt. ...


Django Reinhardt was among the first people in France to appreciate and understand the music of Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie whom he sought after when he arrived in New York. Unfortunately they were all on tour. For other persons of the same name, see Charles Parker. ... For the Australian cricketer nicknamed Dizzy, see Jason Gillespie. ... This article is about the state. ...


After returning to France, Django spent the remainder of his days re-immersed in gypsy life, having found it difficult to adjust to the modern world. He would sometimes show up for concerts without a guitar or amp, or wander off to the park or beach, and on a few occasions he refused even to get out of bed. Reinhardt was known by his band, fans, and managers to be extremely unpredictable. He would often skip sold-out concerts to simply "walk to the beach" or "smell the dew". However, he did continue to compose and is still regarded as one the most advanced jazz guitarists. For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ...


In 1948, Reinhardt recruited a few Italian jazz players (on bass, piano, and snare drum) and recorded one of his most acclaimed contributions, "Djangology", once again with Stephane Grappelli on violin. However, his experience in the U.S. left him influenced greatly by American jazz, making him a different person than the man Grappelli had known. But on this recording, Reinhardt switched back to his old roots, once again playing the Acoustic Selmer-Maccaferri. This recording was recently discovered by jazz enthusiasts and is now available in the U.S. and Europe. Reinhardt and other guitarists of the Quintette du Hot Club de France used Selmer acoustic guitars. Quintette du Hot Club de France was one of the early, and most significant, jazz groups in Europe. ... Reinhardt with a Selmer The Selmer Guitar (often, incorrectly, called a Selmer-Maccaferri or just Maccaferri by anglophones, as its inventors rather than manufacturers name was stressed in the early British advertising) is an unusual acoustic guitar best known as the favored instrument of Django Reinhardt. ...


In 1951, he retired to Samois-sur-Seine, France, near Fontainebleau. He lived there for two years until May 16, 1953, when, while returning from the Avon train station, he collapsed outside his house from a brain hemorrhage. It took a full day for a doctor to arrive and Django was declared dead on arrival at the hospital in Fontainebleau. Samois-sur-Seine is a small town in France near the commune of Fontainbleau. ... Coordinates Administration Country Region Île-de-France Department Seine-et-Marne (sous-préfecture) Arrondissement Fontainebleau Canton Fontainebleau (chief town) Intercommunality Communauté de communes de Fontainebleau-Avon Mayor Frédéric Valletoux (2005-2008) Statistics Altitude 42–150 (avg. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 7 - President Harry S. Truman announces the United States has developed a hydrogen bomb. ... Avon is a french commune located in the Seine-et-Marne département, in the Île-de-France région. ... A cerebral hemorrhage is a condition in the brain in which a blood vessel leaks. ... Dead on arrival or DOA is a notation that a patient was brought to a hospital and immediately pronounced dead by a physician. ... Coordinates Administration Country Region Île-de-France Department Seine-et-Marne (sous-préfecture) Arrondissement Fontainebleau Canton Fontainebleau (chief town) Intercommunality Communauté de communes de Fontainebleau-Avon Mayor Frédéric Valletoux (2005-2008) Statistics Altitude 42–150 (avg. ...


Influence on and admiration by other musicians

Many musicians have expressed admiration for Reinhardt (whose main influence was Eddie Lang), including guitarist Jimmy McCulloch, classical guitarist Julian Bream; country artist Chet Atkins, who placed Reinhardt #1 on a list of the ten most influential guitarists of the 20th century (he placed himself fifth); Latin rocker Carlos Santana; blues legend B.B. King; the Grateful Dead's Jerry Garcia; Black Sabbath's Tony Iommi; Jimi Hendrix; Shawn Lane; Stevie Ray Vaughan; Derek Trucks; Mark Knopfler; Les Paul; Joe Pass; Peter Frampton; Denny Laine; Jeff Beck; Jon Larsen; Steve Howe; Charlie Christian; George Benson; Wes Montgomery; Martin Taylor; Tchavolo Schmitt; Stochelo Rosenberg; Biréli Lagrène; John Jorgenson; Michael Angelo Batio; Richard Thompson; Robert Fripp; and Jeff Martin. Willie Nelson wore a Django Reinhardt T-shirt on tour in Europe in 2002, stating in an interview that he admired Django's music and ability. The British guitarist Diz Disley plays in a style based on Reinhardt's technique and he collaborated on numerous projects with Stéphane Grappelli. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Eddie Lang (October 25, 1902 – March 26, 1933) was a jazz guitarist, considered by many the finest of his era. ... Jimmy McCulloch (4 June 1953 – 27 September 1979) was a Scottish musician, born in Glasgow, who was best known for playing lead guitar in Paul McCartneys Wings from 1974 to 1977. ... Madame Villa-Lobos and Julien Bream at the presentation of the Villa-Lobos Gold Medal, officially awarded to Julian Bream in 1976. ... Chet Atkins Chester Burton Chet Atkins (June 20, 1924 – June 30, 2001) was an influential guitarist and record producer. ... Carlos Augusto Alves Santana (born July 20, 1947), is a Grammy Award-winning Mexican-born American Latin rock musician and guitarist. ... Riley B. King aka B. B. King (b. ... This article is about the band. ... Jerome John Jerry Garcia (August 1, 1942 – August 9, 1995) was an American musician, songwriter, and artist best known for being the lead guitarist and vocalist of the psychedelic rock band the Grateful Dead. ... For other uses, see Black Sabbath (disambiguation). ... Frank Anthony Tony Iommi (born February 19, 1948, in Aston, Birmingham, England) is a guitarist best known for his tenure in the heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ... Jimi Hendrix (November 27, 1942 – September 18, 1970) was an American guitar virtuoso, singer and songwriter. ... Shawn Lane (March 21, 1963 – September 26, 2003) was an American guitarist and composer. ... Stephen Stevie Ray Vaughan (October 3, 1954 – August 27, 1990), born in Dallas, Texas, was an American blues guitarist. ... Derek Trucks (born June 8, 1979) is an American guitarist, bandleader (The Derek Trucks Band), and member of The Allman Brothers Band. ... Mark Freuder Knopfler OBE (born August 12, 1949, Glasgow, Scotland) is a guitarist, singer, songwriter, and film score composer. ... This article is about the musician. ... Joe Pass (born Joseph Anthony Passalaqua, January 13, 1929, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA, died May 23, 1994, Los Angeles, California), was a jazz guitarist. ... Peter Kenneth Frampton (born April 22, 1950 in Beckenham, Kent) is an English musician, best known today for his solo work in the mid-1970s and as one of the original members of the band Humble Pie. ... Denny Laine (born Brian Hines, on 29 October 1944, in Birmingham) is an English songwriter and multi-instrumentalist, best known for his roles as former guitarist and lead singer of The Moody Blues and, later, co-founder (along with Paul McCartney) of Wings. ... Geoffrey Arnold (Jeff) Beck (born June 24, 1944 to Arnold and Ethel Beck in Wallington, Greater London) is an English rock guitarist. ... Stephen James Steve Howe (born April 8, 1947 in Holloway, North London, England) is a guitarist best known for his work with the progressive rock group Yes. ... Charlie Christian (29 July 1916 – 2 March 1942) was an American jazz guitarist. ... George Benson (b. ... John Leslie Wes Montgomery (6 March 1923 - 15 June 1968) was an American jazz guitarist and the grandfather of actor Anthony Montgomery. ... British guitarist Martin Taylor is one of the most highly regarded guitarists in the world. ... Tchavolo Schmitt (born 1954 in Paris) is a noted guitarist in gypsy jazz. ... Stochelo Rosenberg (b Helmond, Netherlands, 19 Feb 1968) is a Sinti-Gypsy Jazz Guitarist who plays in the Manouche style of Django Reinhardt and leads the Rosenberg trio. ... Biréli Lagrène is a French guitarist and electric bassist. ... John Jorgenson is an American musician, considered one of the worlds most versatile and accomplished guitarists, probably most well-known for his guitar work with bands such as the Desert Rose Band and The Hellecasters, although Jorgenson is also proficient in the mandolin, mandocello, Dobro, pedal steel, piano, upright... Michael Angelo Batio (IPA: ) is an American instrumental rock/heavy metal guitarist and columnist from Chicago, Illinois. ... Robert Fripp (born 16 May 1946 in Wimborne Minster, Dorset, England) is a guitarist, record producer and a composer, perhaps best known for being the guitarist for, and only constant member of, the progressive rock band King Crimson. ... Jeff Martin was the guitarist, vocalist, and main producer of the Canadian rock band The Tea Party. ... Willie Nelson (born Willie Hugh Nelson, April 30, 1933) is an American entertainer and songwriter, born and raised in Abbott, Texas. ... Diz Disley at the White Bear William C. Disley (known as Diz Disley) (27 May 1931) is a Canadian/British jazz guitarist and graphic designer. ...


Django Reinhardt also had an influence on other styles and musical genres, including Western Swing, notably in the work of Bob Wills. Western swing is, first and foremost, a fusion of country music, several styles of jazz, pop music and blues aimed at dancers. ... James Robert (Bob) Wills (March 6, 1905 – May 13, 1975) was an American country musician, songwriter, and big band leader. ...


Musicians have paid tribute to Reinhardt in many other ways, such as by invoking his name in their own work or personal life. Jimi Hendrix is said to have named one of his bands the Band of Gypsys because of Django's music. A number of musicians named their sons Django in reference to Reinhardt, including David Crosby, former Slade singer Noddy Holder, Jerry Jeff Walker, Richard Durrant, and also actors Nana Visitor & Alexander Siddig and Raphael Sbarge. Jazz musician Django Bates and singer-songwriter Django Haskins were named after him. Jimi Hendrix (November 27, 1942 – September 18, 1970) was an American guitar virtuoso, singer and songwriter. ... Band of Gypsys is a live album and a project by Jimi Hendrix, backed by Billy Cox and Buddy Miles, that followed Hendrixs Experience project. ... David Van Cortlandt Crosby (born August 14, 1941) is an American guitarist, singer, and songwriter. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Noddy Holder (born Neville John Holder, at 13 ½ Newhall Street [1], Walsall, Staffordshire, 15 June 1946) is an English musician and actor best known as the vocalist, guitarist, and occasional bass guitarist with 1970s rock music group Slade. ... Jerry Jeff Walker, 2002 Jerry Jeff Walker (born March 16, 1942) is a country music singer. ... Richard Durrant is British and a skilled stringed instumentalist, most commonly playing the guitar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Alexander Siddig (Arabic: ألكسندر صدّيق) (born 21 November 1965) is a British actor, also known as Siddig El Fadil. ... Raphael Sbarge (born February 12, 1964) is an American actor. ... Django Bates (born October 2, 1960 in Beckenham, Kent, United Kingdom) is a composer, virtuoso multi-instrumentalist and band leader. ... Django Alyosha Sharod Haskins (born November 19, 1977) is a North American singer-songwriter. ...


Songs written in Reinhardt's honor include "Django," composed by John Lewis, which has become a jazz standard performed by musicians such as Miles Davis. The Modern Jazz Quartet titled one of their albums Django in honor of him. The Allman Brothers Band song Jessica was written by Dickey Betts in tribute to Reinhardt — he wanted to write a song that could be played using only two fingers. This aspect of the artist's work also motivated Black Sabbath guitarist Tony Iommi, who was inspired by Reinhardt to keep playing guitar after a factory accident that cost him two fingertips. Composer Jon Larsen has composed several crossover concerts featuring Django inspired music together with symphonic arrangements, most famous is "White Night Stories" (2002) and "Vertavo" (1996). John Aaron Lewis (3 May 1920 – 29 March 2001) was an American jazz pianist and composer best known as the musical director of the Modern Jazz Quartet. ... Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26, 1926 – September 28, 1991) was an American jazz musician, widely considered to be one of the most influential of the 20th century. ... The Modern Jazz Quartet was established in 1952 by Milt Jackson (vibraphone), John Lewis (piano, musical director), Percy Heath (bass), and Kenny Clarke (drums). ... Django (1956) is an album by The Modern Jazz Quartet. ... The original Allman Brothers Band The Allman Brothers Band is a pioneering and innovative Southern rock group from Macon, Georgia originally popular in the 1970s, described by Rolling Stones George Kimball in 1971 as the best . ... Jessica is a rock instrumental written by Dickey Betts, guitarist of The Allman Brothers Band. ... Dickey Betts, born Forrest Richard Betts on December 12, 1943 in Jacksonville, Florida, is an American guitarist, singer, and songwriter, most known for his work as a founding member of the southern blues/rock group The Allman Brothers Band. ... For other uses, see Black Sabbath (disambiguation). ... Frank Anthony Tony Iommi (born February 19, 1948, in Aston, Birmingham, England) is a guitarist best known for his tenure in the heavy metal band Black Sabbath. ...


In 2005, Django Reinhardt ended on the 66th place in the election of The Greatest Belgian (De Grootste Belg) in Flanders and on the 76th place in the Walloon version of the same competition Le plus grand Belge. This article is about the year 66. ... De Grootste Belg (The Greatest Belgian) is a currently ongoing vote conducted by Belgian TV broadcast Canvas, to determine who is the Greatest Belgian of all time. ... For other uses, see Flanders (disambiguation). ... Walloon (Walon) is a regional Romance language spoken as a second language by some in Wallonia (Belgium). ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ...


Reinhardt in popular culture

  • The 2007 video game BioShock uses a selection of his songs in the soundtrack.
  • Reinhardt is the idol of the fictional 1930s guitarist Emmet Ray (played by Sean Penn) in the Woody Allen film Sweet and Lowdown(1999). In the film, it is related how Ray passed out upon meeting Django.
  • Reinhardt is portrayed in the opening sequence of the 2003 animated film Les Triplettes de Belleville. The third and fourth fingers of the cartoon Reinhardt are considerably smaller than the fingers used to play the guitar.
  • He is portrayed by guitarist John Jorgenson in the movie Head in the Clouds.
  • The song Johnny Depp plays in the river party scene in Lasse Hallström's Chocolat was Django and Grappelli's hit, "Minor Swing".
  • Reinhardt's music has been used in the soundtrack of many films, including the oracle scene in The Matrix; Rhythm Futur (95 minute mark) and I Can't Give You Anything But Love (41 minute mark) in The Aviator; Nuages in Gattaca; the score for Louis Malle's 1974 movie, Lacombe Lucien;the background for the Steve Martin movie L.A. Story; the background for a number of Woody Allen movies, including Stardust Memories, where Woody's character plays a Django record; Honeysuckle Rose in the background of the Central Park carriage ride scene in Kate and Leopold; during the Juilliard audition in the movie Daltry Calhoun; Minor Swing and Blues Clair in Metroland for which Mark Knopfler wrote the score; his rendition of Brazil can be heard on the "Something's Gotta Give" soundtrack; and Minor Swing in the scene in the painter's house in the Italian film "I Cento Passi". Reinhardt's work also figures heavily into B. Monkey and The Pallbearer.
  • Reinhardt is the idol of the character Arvid in the movie Swing Kids. The character's left hand is smashed by a member of the Hitler Jugend (HJ), but is inspired to continue by Reinhardt's example.
  • An extended discussion of Reinhardt takes place among several characters in the novel From Here to Eternity by James Jones.
  • The character Andre Custine has a double bass that had been played by Reinhardt in the novel Century Rain by Alastair Reynolds.
  • The 2002 video game Mafia used many of his songs on the soundtrack.
  • Sealab 2021 paid tribute to Django in the episode "All That Jazz". In it, Captain Murphy comments on a drink dispensed from the Bebop Cola machine: "Ahh, Mango Reinhardt! The thinking man's pop!"
  • Harlan Ellison's short story "Django" is a fantasia about a guitarist, with similarities to Reinhardt.
  • The Django web framework, a Python web framework, was named after Reinhardt.
  • Author William Kotzwinkle's 1989 collection, The Hot Jazz Trio stars Reinhardt in a surrealistic fantasy also featuring Pablo Picasso.
  • In the classic Italian western Django, the titular hero is presumably named after Reinhardt. In the climax of the movie, his hands are smashed by his enemies and he is forced to fire a gun with his wounded hands,
  • The song Django from the 1973 Lindsey Buckingham / Stevie Nicks self-titled debut album is a version of the John Lewis standard.
  • The song "Muskrat Love" by America (band) makes a comment about Django, though spelled "Jango" in the lyrics.
  • The lyrics of the Norwegian song Tanta til Beate by Lillebjørn Nilsen mentions Django several times.
  • Brian Dennehy plays a rat named Django in the film Ratatouille, which may be a reference to the musician.
  • The song "Feel So Numb" by Rob Zombie on the album "The Sinister Urge" refers to Django.
  • Reinhardt is mentioned in the short play Sure Thing

BioShock is a first-person shooter[10] video game by 2K Boston/2K Australia (previously Irrational Games),[11] designed by Ken Levine. ... Sweet and Lowdown is a 1999 film which tells the story of an arrogant, obnoxious, alcoholic jazz guitarist named Emmet Ray who may just be the best guitarist in the world. ... Sean Justin Penn (born August 17, 1960) // Penn was born in Santa Monica, California, the son of Leo Penn, an actor and director, and Eileen Ryan (née Annucci), an actress. ... Woody Allen (born Allen Stewart Königsberg on December 1, 1935) is a three-time Academy Award-winning American film director, writer, actor, jazz musician, comedian, and playwright. ... Sweet and Lowdown is a 1999 film written and directed by Woody Allen which tells the story of a (fictional) arrogant, obnoxious, alcoholic jazz guitarist named Emmett Ray (played by Sean Penn) who may be the best guitarist in the world. ... The year 1999 in film involved some significant events. ... Les Triplettes de Belleville is an award-winning 2003 animated feature film written and directed by Sylvain Chomet. ... John Jorgenson is an American musician, considered one of the worlds most versatile and accomplished guitarists, probably most well-known for his guitar work with bands such as the Desert Rose Band and The Hellecasters, although Jorgenson is also proficient in the mandolin, mandocello, Dobro, pedal steel, piano, upright... Head in the Clouds is a 2004 film directed by John Duigan. ... John Christopher Depp II[1] (born June 9, 1963) is an American actor, best known for his frequent portrayals of offbeat and eccentric characters such as Jack Sparrow in the Pirates of the Caribbean trilogy and the titular character of Tim Burtons Edward Scissorhands. ... Lars Sven (Lasse) Hallström (born 2 June 1946 in Stockholm) is a Swedish film director. ... Chocolat is a 2000 movie based on the novel Chocolat by Joanne Harris. ... Stephane Grappelli (January 26, 1908 - December 1, 1997) was a pioneer jazz violinist who founded the quintet of the Quintette du Hot Club de France with Django Reinhardt. ... This article is about the 1999 film. ... For other uses, see Aviator (disambiguation) The Aviator is an Academy Award-winning 2004 biographical drama film, directed by Martin Scorsese, and based largely on the book Hughes by Richard Hack. ... Gattaca is a 1997 science fiction drama film written and directed by Andrew Niccol, starring Ethan Hawke, Uma Thurman and Jude Law with supporting roles played by Loren Dean, Gore Vidal and Alan Arkin. ... For other uses, see Steve Martin (disambiguation). ... Honeysuckle Rose is a 1928 song composed by Fats Waller, with lyrics written by Andy Razaf. ... Metroland was a 1997 film with Christian Bale also starring Emily Watson. ... Mark Freuder Knopfler OBE (born August 12, 1949, Glasgow, Scotland) is a guitarist, singer, songwriter, and film score composer. ... 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Python is a high-level programming language first released by Guido van Rossum in 1991. ... William Kotzwinkle (1943- in Scranton, Pennsylvania) is an author and screenwriter. ... Picasso redirects here. ... Django is a 1966 Italian film directed by Sergio Corbucci and starring Franco Nero in the title role. ... Lindsey Adams Buckingham (born October 3, 1949) is an American guitarist and singer with the musical group Fleetwood Mac. ... Stephanie Lynn Stevie Nicks (born May 26, 1948) is an American singer and songwriter, best known for her work with Fleetwood Mac and a long solo career, which collectively have produced over twenty Top 350 hits. ... John Lewis can refer to the following people: John L. Lewis (mayor of New Orleans) (1800–1886), mayor of New Orleans 1854–1856 John F. Lewis (1818–1895), United States Senator from Virginia John Lewis (1848–1972), English football player, administrator and referee John Lewis (department store founder) (died 1928... This article is about the American rock band. ... Bjørn Lillebjørn Falk Nilsen (born 21 December 1950 in Oslo) is a Norwegian singer-songwriter and a folk musician. ... Brian Dennehy (born July 9, 1938) is a two-time Tony Award-winning American actor who has appeared in movies, on television, and performed in live theater. ... For other uses, see Ratatouille (disambiguation). ...

Trivia

  • One of Django's Selmer acoustic guitars was given to Les Paul. Les Paul keeps the guitar in his garage and it is his most prized possession. The guitar can be glimpsed in the DVD documentary, Les Paul: Chasing Sound.
  • An updated version of Reinhardt's song 'Minor Swing' was recently used in British supermarket chain The Co-operative Group's television advertising campaign, to promote their range of wines

The Co-operative Group, the trading name of Co-operative Group Ltd, is a United Kingdom consumers co-operative, and the worlds largest consumer-owned business. ...

Discography

  • 1945 Paris 1945
  • 1947 Ellingtonia - with the Rex Stewart Band - Dial 215
  • 1949 "Djangology '49
  • 1951 Django Reinhardt and the Hot Club Quintet
  • 1951 At Club St. Germain
  • 1953 Django Reinhardt et Ses Rythmes
  • 1954 The Great Artistry of Django Reinhardt
  • 1955 Django's Guitar
  • 1959 Django Reinhardt and His Rhythm
  • 1980 Routes to Django Reinhardt
  • 1996 Imagine
  • 2001 All Star Sessions
  • 2001 Jazz in Paris: Swing 39
  • 2002 Djangology (remastered) (recorded in 1948, discovered, remastered and released by Bluebird Records)
  • 2003 Jazz in Paris: Nuages
  • 2003 Jazz in Paris: Nuits de Saint-Germain des-Prés
  • 2004 Le Génie Vagabond
  • At least eight compilations have also been released.

Paris 1945 is the the earliest album by Django Reinhardt, originally released in 1945. ... Vernon Ford Story, American Jazz tenor saxophonist, 1922-2007. ... Bluebird Records was a sub-label of RCA Victor created to counter ARC Records on the 3 records for a dollar market. ...

See also

This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Golden Django is the name of awards for jazz musicians in Europe, with an obvious reference to guitarist Django Reinhardt. ... The open air Django Reinhardt Jazz Festival is organized every year in May in his birth village Liberchies, municipality of Pont-à-Celles, Belgium. ... Jazz manouche (which means literally Traveller jazz) is a form of music which blends jazz with traditional Rom (Gypsy) music forms. ... This is a list of famous ethnic Romani people (sometimes referred to as Gypsies). ... Oscar Marcelo Aleman, (February 20, 1909 - October 14, 1980) was a jazz guitarist. ... Sinti or Sinte (Singular masc. ... Vernon Ford Story, American Jazz tenor saxophonist, 1922-2007. ... A list of tunes composed by Django Reinhardt himself. ...

External links

Find A Grave is an online database of seventeen million cemeteries and burial records. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Django Reinhardt - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1712 words)
Django Reinhardt was among the first people in France to appreciate and understand the music of Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie whom he sought after when he arrived in New York.
In 2005 Django Reinhardt ended on the 66th place in the election of The Greatest Belgian (De Grootste Belg) in Flanders and on the 76th place in the Walloon version of the same competition Le plus grand belge.
British guitarist Diz Disley was strongly influenced by Django Reinhardt and collaborated on numerous projects with Stéphane Grappelli.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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