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Encyclopedia > Diyarbakir

Diyarbakir (Syriac: ܐܡܝܕ; Greek: Amida; Turkish spelling: Diyarbakır) is a city in Turkey, situated on the banks of the River Tigris. The city's population is 1,244,273 (2005), but including the slums surrounding the estimated population is above one and half million. Syriac is an Eastern Aramaic language that was once spoken across much of the Fertile Crescent. ... City lights from space. ... Tigris River in Mosul, Iraq The Tigris (Old Persian: Tigr, Syriac Aramaic: Deqlath, Arabic: دجلة, Dijla, Turkish: Dicle; biblical Hiddekel) is the eastern member of the pair of great rivers that define Mesopotamia, along with the Euphrates, which flows from the mountains of Anatolia through Iraq. ... A boy from an East Cipinang trash dump slum in Jakarta, Indonesia shows his find. ...

While Diyarbakır or Diyarbekr is the name of city in eastern cultures, Byzantium named this city as Amida.

City got its name (Diyar-i Bekr) from Arabic Bekr Bin Vail and his tribe and it means the country of Bekr's.

Nicknamed "The Paris of the East", it is capital of the Diyarbakir Province. A nickname is a short, clever, cute, derogatory, or otherwise substitute name for a person or things real name (for example, Nick is short for Nicholas). ... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... Diyarbakir is a province in eastern Turkey. ...

The city is surrounded by a dramatic and fully intact set of black basalt walls, first constructed in 297, extending in a 5.5 km circle around the old city. The dramatic warren of alleyways and old-fashioned tenement blocks which makes up the old city contrast dramatically with the sprawling suburbs of modern apartment blocks and gecekondu slums to the west. Diyarbakir boasts numerous medieval mosques and madrassahs, crowned by the 11th Century Ulu Cami (tr. Great Mosque) constructed by alternating bands of black basalt and limestone. The same patterning was used in the 16th Century Deliler Han Madrassah, which is now a hotel, and the 12th Century Castle Mosque (Kale Camii). Events Narseh of Persia and Diocletian conclude a peace treaty between Persia and Rome. ... Redhouse Yeni Elsözlüğü İngilizce-Türkçe/Türkçe-İngilizce (The New Redhouse Portable English-Turkish Turkish-English Dictionary) defines it like this; gecekondu 1. ... A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... Madrassa in the Gambia The word madrassa in the Arabic language (and other languages of the Islamic nations such as Persian, Turkish, Indonesian etc. ... (10th century - 11th century - 12th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ...

The Assyrian Orthodox Church of Our Lady, was first constucted as a pagan temple in the 1st Century BC, and is still in use as a place of worship today. Assyrians are a Christian Syriac-speaking minority inhabiting northern Iraq, northeastern Syria, southeastern Turkey and northwestern Iran, some of whom are also identified as Aramaeans, Syriacs and Chaldeans. ... Separate articles treat Eastern Orthodox Christianity and Orthodox Judaism. ... (2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century - other centuries) The 1st century BC starts on January 1, 100 BC and ends on December 31, 1 BC. An alternative name for this century is the last century BC. (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium) // Events The Roman Republic...

Diyarbakir also boasts one of the region's most lively and dramatic street markets.

The 20th Century was a turbulent one for Diyarbakir. During World War I most of the City's Assyrian and Armenian population were driven from the City. After the surrender of the Ottoman Empire, French troops attempted to occupy the city, while in 1925 it was the centre of the great Kurdish rebellion against Kemal Atatürk. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... WWI redirects here. ... The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Imperial motto of sultan Abdülaziz El-Muzaffer Daima (Ottoman Turkish for the Ever Victorious) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Constantinople (Ä°stanbul) Sovereigns Sultans of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40 million Area 6. ... 1925 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881–November 10, 1938), Turkish army officer, revolutionary, and anti-imperialist statesman, was the founder and first President of the Republic of Turkey. ...

Always a centre of Kurdish nationalism, Diyarbakir became a stronghold of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) after the beginning of the guerilla war in southeastern Turkey in 1984. During this conflict, the population of the city grew dramatically as villagers from remote areas where fighting was serious left or were forced to leave for the relative security of the city. Diyarbakir was also one of the areas where Turkish Hezbullah was most active in the early to mid 1990s, with this group often targeting PKK activists and the city's tiny Christian community of Armenians and Assyrians. Nationalism is an ideology which holds that the nation, ethnicity or national identity is a fundamental unit of human social life, and makes certain political claims based on that belief, above all the claim that the nation is the only legitimate basis for the state, and that each nation is... The Kurdistan Workers Party (Kurdish: Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan or PKK), is an armed anti-goverment organisation claiming to defend the rights of the Kurdish people in Turkey. ... 1984 is a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hezbollah based in Turkey has no relation with Hezbollah (based in Lebanon), and no relation to Iran (though some Turkish officials have stated that they have received some support from Iran). ... // Events and trends The 1990s are generally classified as having moved slightly away from the more conservative 1980s, but keeping the same mind-set. ... Assyrians (ܐܫܘܪܝܶܐ) is the name of a people from Northern Mesopotamia in Middle East, today split in three parts; Turkey, Syria and Iraq. ...

After the PKK's cessation of hostilities, a large degree of normality returned to the city, with the Turkish government declaring a 15 year period of emergency rule over on 30 November 2002. The local economy is slowly improving and as of July 2004, Diyarbakir is safe to visit. November 30 is the 334th day (335th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 31 days remaining, as the final day of November. ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

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  Results from FactBites:
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Diyarbakir (1324 words)
Nicknamed "The Paris of the East", it is capital of the Diyarbakir Province.
Diyarbakir was also one of the areas where Turkish Hezbullah was most active in the early to mid 1990s, with this group often targeting PKK activists and the city's tiny Christian community of Armenians and Assyrians.
Diyarbakir is connected by road and railways with Elazig 200 km northwest and Malatya 400 km west, and by road alone with Mardin 100 km south and Van 300 km east.
Diyarbakir Air Base, Turkey (736 words)
The predominantly Kurdish city of Diyarbakir is one of the large and important cities of easthern Turkey.
The population of Diyarbakir is about 510,000 and the city is located in the South East of Turkey.
Diyarbakir is situated in a region whose heritage is unique.
  More results at FactBites »



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