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Encyclopedia > Dixieland

Dixieland music is a style of jazz which developed in New Orleans at the start of the 20th century, and was spread to Chicago and New York City by New Orleans bands in the 1910s. Dixieland jazz combined brass band marches, French Quadrilles, ragtime and blues with collective, polyphonic improvisation by trumpet (or cornet), trombone, and clarinet over a "rhythm section" of piano, guitar, banjo, drums, and a double bass or tuba. For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... NOLA redirects here. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... // The 1910s represent the culmination of European militarism which had its beginnings during the second half of the 19th Century. ... Look up ragtime in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Blues music redirects here. ... Polyphony is a musical texture consisting of two or more independent melodic voices, as opposed to music with just one voice (monophony) or music with one dominant melodic voice accompanied by chords (homophony). ... Improvisation is the practice of acting and reacting, of making and creating, in the moment and in response to the stimulus of ones immediate environment. ... Trumpeter redirects here. ... Bâ™­ cornet The cornet is a brass instrument very similar to the trumpet, distinguished by its conical bore, compact shape, and mellower tone quality. ... The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family. ... Two soprano clarinets: a Bâ™­ clarinet (left, with capped mouthpiece) and an A clarinet (right, with no mouthpiece). ... Rhythm section refers to the musicians whose primary jobs in a jazz or popular music band or ensemble is to establish the rhythm of a song or musical piece, often via repeated riffs or ostinati. ...


Well-known jazz standard songs from the Dixieland era, such as "Basin Street Blues" and "When the Saints Go Marching In", which are known even to non-jazz fans (for more information on Dixieland songs, see the List of Dixieland standards). Jazz standard refers to a tune that is widely known, performed, and recorded among jazz musicians. ... Basin Street Blues is a song written in Dixieland Swing style, by Spencer Williams. ... When the Saints Go Marching In, so well-known that it is often referred to merely as The Saints, is a United States gospel hymn that has taken on certain aspects of folk music. ... Dixieland and traditional jazz standards are jazz tunes from the early 1900s that are widely known, performed, and recorded among jazz musicians. ...

Contents

History

That's How Dixie Was born, music sheet cover for a 1936 song
That's How Dixie Was born, music sheet cover for a 1936 song

The style combined earlier brass band marches, French Quadrilles, ragtime and blues with collective, polyphonic improvisation. While instrumentation and size of bands can be very flexible, the "standard" band consists of a "front line" of trumpet (or cornet), trombone, and clarinet, with a "rhythm section" of at least two of the following instruments: guitar or banjo, string bass or tuba, piano, and drums. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Look up ragtime in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Blues music redirects here. ... Polyphony is a musical texture consisting of two or more independent melodic voices, as opposed to music with just one voice (monophony) or music with one dominant melodic voice accompanied by chords (homophony). ... Improvisation is the practice of acting and reacting, of making and creating, in the moment and in response to the stimulus of ones immediate environment. ... Trumpeter redirects here. ... Bâ™­ cornet The cornet is a brass instrument very similar to the trumpet, distinguished by its conical bore, compact shape, and mellower tone quality. ... The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family. ... Two soprano clarinets: a Bâ™­ clarinet (left, with capped mouthpiece) and an A clarinet (right, with no mouthpiece). ... Rhythm section refers to the musicians whose primary jobs in a jazz or popular music band or ensemble is to establish the rhythm of a song or musical piece, often via repeated riffs or ostinati. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Banjo (disambiguation) The banjo is a stringed instrument developed by enslaved Africans in the United States, adapted from several African instruments. ... Side and front views of a modern double bass with a French bow. ... For other uses, see Tuba (disambiguation). ... A short grand piano, with the lid up. ... For other kinds of drums, see drum (disambiguation). ...


The term Dixieland became widely used after the advent of the first million-selling hit records of the Original Dixieland Jass Band in 1917. The music has been played continuously since the early part of the 20th century. Louis Armstrong's All-Stars was the band most popularly identified with Dixieland, although Armstrong's own influence runs through all of jazz. Original Dixieland Jass Band (after mid-1917 spelling changed to Jazz) was a New Orleans band which, in 1917, was the first ever to make a jazz recording. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... Louis[1] Armstrong[2] (4 August 1901[3] – July 6, 1971), nicknamed Satchmo[4] and Pops, was an American jazz musician. ...


The definitive Dixieland sound is created when one instrument (usually the trumpet) plays the melody or a recognizable paraphrase or variation on it, and the other instruments of the "front line" improvise around that melody. This creates a more polyphonic sound than the extremely regimented big band sound or the unison melody of bebop. Trumpeter redirects here. ... This article is about the genre of music, for the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles character see Bebop and Rocksteady. ...


The swing era of the 1930s led to the end of many Dixieland Jazz musicians' careers. Only a few musicians were able to maintain popularity. Most retired. The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known as the [[. In East Asia, the rise of militarism occurred. ...


With the advent of bebop in the 1940s, the earlier group-improvisation style fell out of favor with the majority of younger black players, while some older players of both races continued on in the older style. Though younger musicians developed new forms, many beboppers revered Armstrong, and quoted fragments of his recorded music in their own improvisations. This article is about the genre of music, for the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles character see Bebop and Rocksteady. ...


There was a revival of Dixieland in the late 1940s and 1950s, which brought many semiretired musicians a measure of fame late in their lives as well as bringing retired musicians back onto the jazz circuit after years of not playing (e.g. Kid Ory). Many Dixieland groups of the revival era consciously imitated the recordings and bands of decades earlier. Other musicians continued to create innovative performances and new tunes. For example, in the 1950s a style called "Progressive Dixieland" sought to blend traditional Dixieland melody with bebop-style rhythm. Steve Lacy played with several such bands early in his career. This style is sometimes called "Dixie-bop". The 1940s decade ran from 1940 to 1949. ... The 1950s decade refers to the years 1950 to 1959 inclusive. ... Edward Kid Ory (December 25, 1886 – January 23, 1973) was a jazz trombonist and bandleader. ... Look up melody in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the genre of music, for the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles character see Bebop and Rocksteady. ... For the popular Tamil film, see Rhythm (film). ... Allen|Henry Red Allen]], George Pops Foster and Zutty Singleton and then with Kansas City jazz players like Buck Clayton, Dicky Wells, and Jimmy Rushing before jumping into the heart of the avant-garde by performing on the debut album of Cecil Taylor, appearing with Taylors groundbreaking quartet at...


Some fans of post- bebop jazz consider Dixieland no longer to be a vital part of jazz, while some adherents consider music in the traditional style, when well and creatively played, every bit as modern as any other jazz style. This article is about the genre of music, for the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles character see Bebop and Rocksteady. ...


Etymology

While the term Dixieland is still in wide use, the term's appropriateness is a hotly debated topic in some circles. For some it is the preferred label (especially bands on the USA's West coast and those influenced by the 1940s revival bands), while others (especially New Orleans musicians, and those influenced by the African-American bands of the 1920s) would rather use terms like Classic Jazz or Traditional Jazz. Some of the latter consider Dixieland a derogatory term implying superficial hokum played without passion or deep understanding of the music. Hokum is a particular song type of American blues music - a humorous song which uses extended analogies or euphemistic terms to make sexual innuendoes. ...


According to jazz writer Gary Giddins, the term Dixieland was widely understood in the early 20th century as a code for "black music." Frequent references to Dixieland were made in the lyrics of popular songs of this era, often written by songwriters of both races who had never been south of New Jersey. Other composers of the "Dixieland" standards, such as Clarence Williams and Jelly Roll Morton, were native New Orleanians. Clarence Williams ( November 8, 1893 - November 6, 1965) was a Jazz pianist, composer, promoter, vocalist, and publisher. ... Morton in the 1920s Ferdinand Jelly Roll Morton September 20, 1890 - July 10, 1941) was an American virtuoso pianist, bandleader and composer who some call the first true composer of jazz music. ...

A traditionalist jazz band plays at a party in New Orleans in 2005. Shown here are Chris Clifton, on trumpet; Brian O'Connell, on clarinet; Les Muscutt, on banjo; Chuck Badie, on string bass; and Tom Ebert, on trombone.
A traditionalist jazz band plays at a party in New Orleans in 2005. Shown here are Chris Clifton, on trumpet; Brian O'Connell, on clarinet; Les Muscutt, on banjo; Chuck Badie, on string bass; and Tom Ebert, on trombone.

Dixieland is often today applied to white bands playing in a traditional style. Some critics regard this labeling as incorrect. From the late 1930s on, black and mixed-race bands playing in a more traditional group-improvising style were referred to in the jazz press as playing "small-band Swing," while white and mixed-race bands such as those of Eddie Condon and Muggsy Spanier were tagged with the Dixieland label. Download high resolution version (1026x720, 160 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1026x720, 160 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Trumpeter redirects here. ... Two soprano clarinets: a B♭ clarinet (left, with capped mouthpiece) and an A clarinet (right, with no mouthpiece). ... For other uses, see Banjo (disambiguation) The banjo is a stringed instrument developed by enslaved Africans in the United States, adapted from several African instruments. ... Side and front views of a modern double bass with a French bow. ... The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family. ... Albert Edwin Condon, better known as Eddie Condon, (16 November 1905–4 August 1973) was a jazz banjoist, guitarist, and bandleader. ... Joseph Muggsy Spanier (1906-1967) was a prominent white cornet player based in Chicago. ...


This brings us back to the fundamentally problematic character of the term Dixieland as a musical category. There are black musicians today, young as well as old, who play New Orleans jazz, traditional jazz, or small band swing that musically could also be called Dixieland, although black musicians would not usually accept that term. Thus it makes sense to say only white musicians play Dixieland. In the early 20th century, Dixieland may have been understood as a code for black music in the northern US. However, in New Orleans the distinction was as clear then as now. It is sometimes said that only white bands were called Dixieland bands, like the Original Dixieland Jazz Band.


While there is some evidence for this generalization, there are numerous counterexamples of African-American New Orleans musicians calling their music "Dixieland" or including the word "Dixieland" in the name of their band from the 1920s through the 1960s. Younger generations of African-American New Orleans musicians generally strongly reject the "Dixieland" label.


A number of early black bands used the term "Creole" or possibly "Creole Jazz" (as with King Oliver's Creole Jazz Band), including some that were not actually ethnic Creoles. It is therefore unclear whether this usage of the term "Creole" was descriptive of the band in question, or of the musical style itself. When interpreted as being descriptive of the musical style, the term "Creole Jazz" exists as evidence that some early black jazz musicians believed that Jazz was Creole in origin. This article is about an ethnic culture in Louisiana, USA. For uses of the term Creole in other countries and cultures, see Creole (disambiguation). ...


Younger generations of primarily white players continued to find inspiration in the spirited, highly rhythmic traditional style of playing, with the result that the ranks of African-Americans today playing in the Dixieland style of jazz are very few. However, this has to be understood with the recognition that Dixieland jazz is as much a social/racial category as it is a musical one, unlike the more specifically musical New Orleans jazz or Traditional jazz. In these latter categories there are plenty of active young black musicians. The upshot of this is that although Dixieland is a term used to mean "traditional jazz" outside of jazz, within jazz it is a white subset of traditional jazz.


Modern Dixieland

Today there are three main active streams of Dixieland jazz:


Chicago style

"Chicago style" is often applied to the sound of Chicagoans such as Eddie Condon, Muggsy Spanier, and Bud Freeman. The rhythm sections of these bands substitute the string bass for the tuba and the guitar for the banjo. Musically, the Chicagoans play in more of a swing-style 4-to-the-bar manner. The New Orleanian preference for an ensemble sound is deemphasized in favor of solos. Chicago-style dixieland also differs from its southern origin by being faster paced, resembling the hustle-bustle of city life. Chicago-style bands play a wide variety of tunes, including most of those of the more traditional bands plus many of the Great American Songbook selections from the 1930s by George Gershwin, Jerome Kern, Cole Porter, and Irving Berlin. Non-Chicagoans such as Pee Wee Russell and Bobby Hackett are often thought of as playing in this style. This modernized style came to be called Nicksieland, after Nick's Greenwich Village night club, where it was popular. though the term was not limited to that club. Albert Edwin Condon, better known as Eddie Condon, (16 November 1905–4 August 1973) was a jazz banjoist, guitarist, and bandleader. ... Joseph Muggsy Spanier (1906-1967) was a prominent white cornet player based in Chicago. ... Lawrence Bud Freeman (April 13, 1906 - March 15, 1991) was a Chicago born Jazz musician, known mainly for playing the tenor saxophone, but also able at the clarinet. ... Side and front views of a modern double bass with a French bow. ... For other uses, see Tuba (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Banjo (disambiguation) The banjo is a stringed instrument developed by enslaved Africans in the United States, adapted from several African instruments. ... Songwriter Harold Arlen (right) with singer Bing Crosby (left) and Decca Records owner Jack Kapp (center) Great American Songbook is an informal term referring to the interrelated music of Broadway musical theater, the Hollywood musical, and Tin Pan Alley, in a period that begins roughly in the 1920s and tapers... Gershwin redirects here. ... Jerome David Kern (January 27, 1885 – November 11, 1945) was an American composer of popular music. ... Cole Albert Porter (June 9, 1891 – October 15, 1964) was an American composer and songwriter from Peru, Indiana. ... Irving Berlin (May 11, 1888 – September 22, 1989) was an American composer and lyricist, one of the most prodigious and famous American songwriters in history. ... Charles Ellsworth Russell, much better known by his nickname Pee Wee Russell, (27 March 1906 - 15 February 1969) was a jazz musician. ... Robert Leo (Bobby) Hackett (January 31, 1915 _ June 7, 1976) was an accomplished jazz musician. ...


West Coast revival

The "West Coast revival" is a movement begun in the late 1930s by the Lu Watters Yerba Buena Jazz Band of San Francisco and extended by trombonist Turk Murphy. It started out as a backlash to the Chicago style, which is closer in development towards swing. The repertoire of these bands is based on the music of Joe "King" Oliver, Jelly Roll Morton, Louis Armstrong, and W.C. Handy. Bands playing in the West Coast style use banjo and tuba in the rhythm sections, which play in a 2-to-the-bar rhythmic style. Watters was fixated on reproducing the recorded sound of King Oliver's band with Armstrong on second cornet. Since the Oliver recordings were acoustic, they had no drums, so Watters omitted the drums as well, even though Oliver had drums when he played live. Melvin Edward Alton “Turk” Murphy was born in Palermo, California, December 16, 1915. ... Swing music, also known as swing jazz, is a form of jazz music that developed during the 1920s and had solidified as a distinctive style by 1935 in the United States. ... Joe King Oliver, (December 19, 1885 – April 10, 1938) was a bandleader and jazz cornet player. ... Morton in the 1920s Ferdinand Jelly Roll Morton September 20, 1890 - July 10, 1941) was an American virtuoso pianist, bandleader and composer who some call the first true composer of jazz music. ... Louis[1] Armstrong[2] (4 August 1901[3] – July 6, 1971), nicknamed Satchmo[4] and Pops, was an American jazz musician. ... W.C. Handy photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1941 William Christopher Handy (November 16, 1873 - March 28, 1958) was an African American blues composer, often known as The Father of the Blues. ...


New Orleans Traditional

The "New Orleans Traditional" revival movement began with the rediscovery of Bunk Johnson in 1942 and was extended by the founding of Preservation Hall in the French Quarter during the 1960s. Bands playing in this style use string bass and banjo in the rhythm section playing 4-to-the-bar and feature popular tunes and Gospel hymns that were played in New Orleans since the early 20th century such as "Ice Cream," "You Tell Me Your Dream," "Just a Closer Walk With Thee" and some tunes from the New Orleans brass band literature. The New Orleans "revival" of the 1960s added a greater number of solos, in a style influenced by mid-century New York Dixieland combos, as this was less of a strain on some musicians of advanced years than the older New Orleans style with much more ensemble playing. Preservation Hall is a noted jazz performance hall located at 726 St. ...


There are also active traditionalist scenes around the world, especially in Britain and Australia.


Famous traditional Dixieland tunes include: "When the Saints Go Marching In," "Muskrat Ramble," "Struttin' With Some Barbecue," "Tiger Rag," "Dippermouth Blues," "Milneburg Joys," "Basin Street Blues," "Tin Roof Blues," "At the Jazz Band Ball," "Panama," "I Found a New Baby," "Royal Garden Blues" and many others. All of these tunes were widely played by jazz bands of both races of the pre-WWII era, especially Louis Armstrong. They came to be grouped as Dixieland standards beginning in the 1950s. When the Saints Go Marching In, so well-known that it is often referred to merely as The Saints, is a United States gospel hymn that has taken on certain aspects of folk music. ...


Styles influenced by Dixieland/Trad Jazz

Musical styles with important influence from Dixieland or Traditional Jazz include Swing music, some Rhythm & Blues and early Rock & Roll also show significant trad jazz influence, Fats Domino being an example. The contemporary New Orleans Brass Band styles, such as the Dirty Dozen Brass Band, The Primate Fiasco, the Hot Tamale Brass Band and the Rebirth Brass Band have combined traditional New Orleans brass band jazz with such influences as contemporary jazz, funk, hip hop, and rap. For other uses, see swing. ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Antoine Dominique Fats Domino (born February 26, 1928) is a classic R&B and rock and roll singer, songwriter and pianist. ... Dirty Dozen Brass Band The Dirty Dozen Brass Band is a New Orleans, Louisiana brass band. ... Rebirth Brass Band The Rebirth Brass Band is a New Orleans brass band. ...


Partial List of Dixieland musicians

Some of the artists historically identified with Dixieland are mentioned in List of jazz musicians. This is a list of jazz musicians on whom Wikipedia has articles. ...


Some of the best-selling and famous Dixieland artists of the post-WWII era:

  • Tony Almerico, trumpeter, played Dixieland live on clear channel WWL radio in New Orleans, as well as at many downtown hotels, and was a tireless promoter of the music.
  • The Dukes of Dixieland, the Assunto family band of New Orleans. A successor band continues on in New Orleans today.
  • Eddie Condon, guitarist who led bands and ran a series of nightclubs in New York City and had a popular radio series. Successor bands played until the 1970s, and their mainstream style is still heard.
  • Reed player Ron Dewar, who in the 1970s revitalized the Chicago traditional jazz scene with his short-lived but influential band The Memphis Nighthawks.
  • Turk Murphy, a trombonist who led a band at Earthquake McGoons and other San Francisco venues from the late 1940s through the 1970s.
  • Al Hirt, trumpeter who had a string of top-40 hits in the 1960s, led bands in New Orleans until his death.
  • Pete Fountain, clarinetist who led popular bands in New Orleans, retired recently.
  • Ward Kimball, leader of the Firehouse Five Plus Two
  • Kenny Ball, had a top-40 hit with "Midnight in Moscow" in the early 1960s. From Britain.
  • Jim Cullum, cornetist based in San Antonio, TX. With his late father, led bands in San Antonio since 1963, originally known as the Happy Jazz Band. Today leads the Jim Cullum Jazz Band featured on the long-running USA public radio series, Riverwalk Jazz.
  • Tim Laughlin, clarinetist, protege of Pete Fountain, who has led many popular bands in New Orleans, and often tours in Europe during the summer
  • Chris Tyle, cornetist, trumpeter, drummer, clarinetist, saxophonist, leader of the Silver Leaf Jazz Band. Also known as a jazz writer and educator. A member of the International Associate of Jazz Educators and the Jazz Journalists Assn.
  • Mike Milnarik, tuba player based in Boston, Massachusetts. Leader of Dr. Fidgety Dixieland Jazz Band with Jimmy Mazzy, banjo/vocals; Ted Casher, clarinet; Gary Bohan, cornet; Fran Morello, trombone/vocals; and Dave Markell, drums.
  • George Lewis and his band were one of the long time greats of Dixie Land Jazz - George died in 1968.
  • Ivan Mládek is a Czech musician popular in the Czech Republic, Poland, and Hungary whose humorous country-style songs are heavily influenced by dixieland.

Trumpeter redirects here. ... A clear channel, in the general sense, is a communications channel (such as a radio frequency) on which only one transmitter operates at a time. ... WWL is an TLA (three-letter acronym) with several meanings: the Worldwide Lexicon open source project WWL-TV, New Orleans affiliate for CBS WWL-AM This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Dukes of Dixieland was a New Orleans dixieland revival band formed in 1948 by brothers Frank Assunto, trumpet; Fred Assunto, trombone; and their father Papa Jac Assunto, trombone and banjo. ... Albert Edwin Condon, better known as Eddie Condon, (16 November 1905–4 August 1973) was a jazz banjoist, guitarist, and bandleader. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... In the 1970s, the Memphis Nighthawks were a traditional jazz band based in Champaign, Illinois. ... Melvin Edward Alton “Turk” Murphy was born in Palermo, California, December 16, 1915. ... Al Hirt (November 7, 1922 – April 27, 1999) was a popular U.S. trumpeter and bandleader. ... Pete Fountain (born July 3, 1930) is a New Orleans clarinetist. ... Firehouse Five Plus Two LP album cover. ... Firehouse Five Plus Two LP album cover. ... Kenny Ball, was born Kenneth Daniel Ball, on 22 May 1930, in Ilford, Essex, England. ... // Chris Tyle (born in Vancouver, Washington, May 1955) is a traditional jazz (i. ...

Festivals

  • In Dresden, Germany, Dixieland is the name of Europe's biggest international jazz festival. 500,000 visitors celebrate it mainly on the river. A smaller festival, called "Riverboat Jazz Festival" is held annually in the picturesque Danish town of Silkeborg.
  • In the US, the largest traditional jazz festival, the Sacramento Jazz Jubilee, is held in Sacramento, CA annually on Memorial Day weekend, with about 100,000 visitors and about 150 bands from all over the world. Other smaller festivals and jazz parties arose in the late 1960s as the rock revolution displaced many of the jazz nightclubs.
  • The enormously famous New Orleans Jazz and Heritage Festival features jazz and many other genres by local, national, and internationally known artists.
  • In Tarragona, Catalonia, Spain's only dixieland festival has been held annually the week before Easter, since 1994, with 25 bands from all over the world and 100 performances in streets, theatres, cafés and hotels: Tarragona international dixieland festival.[1]
  • In Ascona, Switzerland, the JazzAscona New Orleans & Classics festival features Dixieland and other jazz styles and draws people to the shores of Lake Maggiore each summer: New Orleans Jazz Festival.[2]
For more details on this topic, see List of festivals in Louisiana.

Dresden (etymologically from Old Sorbian Drežďany, meaning people of the riverside forest) is the capital city of the German Federal Free State of Saxony. ... Sacramento redirects here. ... Memorial Day is a United States federal holiday that is observed on the last Monday of May (observed this year on 2007-05-28). ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969. ... Rock is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars, and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles, however saxophones have been omitted from newer subgenres of rock music since the 90s. ... New Orleans Jazz and Heritage Festival The New Orleans Jazz and Heritage Festival (aka Jazz Fest) is an annual celebration of the music and culture of New Orleans and Louisiana. ... Tarragona (IPA: in Catalan) is a city located in the south of Catalonia, northeastern Spain, by the Mediterranean Sea. ... Ascona is a town of some 5,000 people in southern Switzerland, on the shore of Lake Maggiore in the canton of Ticino. ... The New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival, often known as Jazz Fest, is an annual celebration of the music and culture of New Orleans and Louisiana. ... . ...

Periodicals

There are several active periodicals devoted to traditional jazz: The Mississippi Rag, the Jazz Rambler, and the American Rag published in the US; and Jazz Journal International published in Europe. The Mississippi Rag is an internationally influential monthly jazz newspaper published since 1973. ...


See also

Trad jazz, short for traditional jazz is a music genre popular in Britain and Australia from the 1940s onward through the 1950s and which still has enthusiasts today. ... Dixieland and traditional jazz standards are jazz tunes from the early 1900s that are widely known, performed, and recorded among jazz musicians. ...

External links

viscaaa valldemiaaa xupa-xups us estiimu(L) It is proposed that this article be deleted, because of the following concern: Article doesnt appear to meet notability according to WP:NOTFILM and makes no assertions that it does. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Appalachian folk music is a distinctive genre of folk music originating in the Appalachia region of the United States of America. ... Blues music redirects here. ... Look up ragtime in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Cajun music, an emblematic music of Louisiana, is rooted in the ballads of the French-speaking Catholics of Canada. ... Country music, the first half of Billboards country and western music category, is a blend of popular musical forms originally found in the Southern United States and the Appalachian Mountains. ... Honky tonk was originally the name of a type of bar common throughout the southern United States, also Honkatonk or Honkey-tonk. ... Country music, once known as Country and Western music, is a popular musical form developed in the southern United States, with roots in traditional folk music, spirituals, and the blues. ... Bluegrass music is a form of American roots music. ... The American folk music revival was a phenomenon in the United States in the 1950s to mid-1960s. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... IDNIANS SUCK BALLS American Indian music is the musics that are shared by or that distinguish American Indian tribes and First Nations. ... == Historical background on spiritual music Spirituals were often expressions of religious faith, although they may also have served as socio-political protests veiled as assimilation to white, American culture. ... Gospel music is a musical genre characterized by dominant vocals (often with strong use of harmony) referencing lyrics of a religious nature, particularly Christian. ... Swamp pop musician Jivin Gene, circa 1959. ... Tejano (Spanish for Texan) or Tex-Mex[1] music is the name given to various forms of folk and popular music originating among the Hispanic-descended Tejanos of Central and South Texas. ... Western swing is, first and foremost, a fusion of country music, several styles of jazz, pop music and blues aimed at dancers. ... Rockabilly is one of the earliest styles of rock and roll music, and emerged in the early-1950s. ... Early Creole musicians playing an accordion and a washboard in front of a store, near New Iberia, Louisiana (1938). ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Acid jazz (sometimes groove jazz) is a musical genre that combines jazz influences with elements of soul music, funk, disco and hip hop. ... Asian American jazz is a musical movement in the United States begun in the 20th century by Asian American jazz musicians. ... Avant-jazz (also known as avant-garde jazz) is a style of music and improvisation that combines elements of avant-garde art music composition with elements of traditional jazz. ... This article is about the genre of music, for the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles character see Bebop and Rocksteady. ... In the wake of fusions decline in the mid-1970s, jazz artists who continued to seek wider audiences began incorporating a variety of popular sounds into their music, forming a group of accessible styles that became known as Crossover Jazz. ... Calypso jazz is a style of music and improvisation that combines elements of calypso music with elements of traditional jazz. ... Chamber jazz is a genre of jazz based around small, acoustic-based ensembles where group interplay is important. ... CD reissue of Daviss 1957 LP Birth of the Cool, collecting much of his 1949 to 1950 work. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Hard bop is an extension of bebop (bop) music which incorporates influences from rhythm and blues, gospel music, and blues, especially in the saxophone and piano playing. ... Jazz blues or in its second name Jlues is a musical style that combines jazz and blues. ... Jazz-funk is a sub-genre of jazz music characterized by a strong back beat, electrified sounds. ... Jazz fusion (or jazz-rock fusion or fusion) is a musical genre that merges elements of jazz with other styles of music, particularly pop, rock, folk, reggae, funk, metal, country, R&B, hip hop, electronic music and world music. ... Jazz rap is a fusion of alternative hip hop music and jazz, developed in the very late 1980s and early 1990s. ... Latin jazz is the general term given to music that combines rhythms from African and Latin American countries with jazz harmonies from the United States. ... Mainstream jazz is a genre of jazz music that was first used in reference to the playing styles of musicians like Buck Clayton among others; performers who once heralded from the era of big band swing music whom did not abandon swing for bebop, instead performing the music in smaller... Originating in Haiti during the 1960s, the mini-jazz movement was influenced by other Caribbean music styles, the British Invasion, and French pop. ... Modal jazz is jazz played using musical modes rather than chord progressions. ... M-Base is a form of modern jazz music which reached its peak in the mid-to-late-80s and early 90s. ... Nu-jazz (sometimes electro-jazz) was coined in the late 1990s to refer to styles which combine jazz textures and sometimes jazz instrumentation with electronic music. ... Smooth Jazz, also sometimes referred to as new adult contemporary music,[1] is generally described as a genre of music that utilizes instruments (and, at times, improvisation) traditionally associated with jazz and stylistic influences drawn from mostly R&B, but also funk and pop. ... Soul jazz was a development of hard bop which incorporated strong blues and gospel influences in music for small groups featuring keyboards, especially the Hammond organ. ... Ska jazz is a musical form derived by combining the melodic content of jazz with the rhythmical and harmonic content of ska. ... For other uses, see swing. ... Trad jazz, short for traditional jazz is a music genre popular in Britain and Australia from the 1940s onward through the 1950s and which still has enthusiasts today. ... West coast jazz is a form of jazz music that developed around Los Angeles at about the same time as hard bop jazz was developing in New York City, in the 1950s and 1960s. ... Cover from album by Bud Powell. ... Jazz guitar refers to the use of guitar in jazz music. ... Jazz standard refers to a tune that is widely known, performed, and recorded among jazz musicians. ... Jazz royalty is a term that reflects the many great jazz musicians who have some sort of royal title in their names or nicknames. ... A jazz band (or jazz ensemble) is a musical ensemble that plays jazz music usually without a conductor. ... A big band is a type of musical ensemble associated with playing jazz music and which became popular during the Swing Era from the early 1930s until the late 1940s, although there are many big-bands around nowadays. ... The origin of the word jazz is one of the most sought-after word origins in modern American English. ... The following is a list of jazz standards (Note: there is a listing of 1000 jazz standards at www. ... The following is a list of jazz albums, which were initially released on LP records or compact discs. ... Acid jazz Avant-jazz Bebop Dixieland Dixieland revival Calypso jazz Chamber jazz Contemporary jazz Cool jazz Creative jazz Crossover jazz European free jazz Franchesca jazz Free funk Free jazz Groove jazz Gypsy jazz Hard bop Jazz blues Jazz-funk Jazz fusion Jazz rap Jazz rock Kansas City Jazz Latin jazz... This is a list of notable jazz music festivals, broken down geographically. ... // Artel Jazz Club Bulls Head, Barnes (The) Ealing Jazz Club Jazz Cafe Pizza Express Jazz Club [[Ronnie Scott|Ronnie Scotts] Manchester Matt and Phreds Churchill Grounds in Midtown Five Spot in L5P Jazz Door (closed) Lennys on the Turnpike (closed) Lulu Whites (closed) Pauls Mall... This is a list of jazz musicians on whom Wikipedia has articles. ... The following is a list of noted jazz bassists with Wikipedia articles. ... This is an alphabetical list of jazz trumpeters for whom Wikipedia has articles. ... This is a list of jazz saxophonists. ... This list of jazz drummers attempts to include all those for whom Wikipedia has an article. ... See also Jazz guitar Category:Jazz guitarists by genre The following is a list of notable jazz guitarists, including guitarists from related jazz genres such as Western Swing, latin jazz, and jazz-rock fusion. ... This is an alphabetized list of notable pianists who play or played Jazz music. ... A jazz musician is someone who plays or sings jazz music. ... This is an alphabetical list of jazz clarinetists for whom Wikipedia has articles. ... This is a list of notable jazz trombonists: (see also: trombonists, [[Category:Jazz trombonists]], [[Category:Trombonists]], and [[Category:Classical trombonists]] Back to jazz, trombone, or trombonists. ... The following artists and bands have performed jazz fusion. ... The following artists and bands have performed smooth jazz. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A brass band a musical group consisting mostly or entirely of brass instruments, often with a percussion section. ... Cajun Jig, also called Cajun One Step is the simplest one of all Cajun dances. ... Some people use the term for Cajun One Step. ... Cajun music, an emblematic music of Louisiana, is rooted in the ballads of the French-speaking Catholics of Canada. ... The music of Louisiana can be divided in to three general regions. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Jazz funeral is a unique American funeral tradition which occurs in New Orleans. ... The Louisiana blues is a type of blues music that is characterized by plodding rhythms that make the sound dark and tense. ... New Orleans, Louisiana, usually renowned as a center for musical creativity and influence, has been said to have an underdeveloped hip-hop scene compared to larger cities like New York and Los Angeles. ... The phrase New Orleans rhythm and blues refers to a type of R&B music from New Orleans, Louisiana, that is characterized by extensive use of piano and horn sections, complex rhythms and celebratory lyrics. ... Second line is a traditional dance style that developed in New Orleans, Louisiana in the mid 1800s. ... The swamp blues is a form of blues music that is highly evolved and specialized. ... Swamp pop musician Jivin Gene, circa 1959. ... Early Creole musicians playing an accordion and a washboard in front of a store, near New Iberia, Louisiana (1938). ... Zydeco as a dance style has its roots in a form of folk dance that corresponds to the heavily syncopated Zydeco music, originated in the beginning of the 20th century among the Francophone Creole peoples of Acadiana (south-west Louisiana). ...


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Dixieland (1209 words)
Dixieland developed in New Orleans at the start of the 20th century, and spread to Chicago and New York by New Orleans bands in the 1910s, and was, for a period, quite popular among the general public.
There was a revival of Dixieland in the 1950's, which brought many semi-retired musicians a measure of fame late in their lives.
According to jazz writer Gary Giddins, the term "Dixieland" was widely understood in the early 20th century as a code for "fl music." Frequent references to "Dixieland" were made in the lyrics of popular songs of this era, often written by songwriters of both races who had never been south of New Jersey.
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