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Encyclopedia > Diving equipment

The fundamental item of diving equipment used by divers is the SCUBA equipment, such as the Aqualung or Rebreather. There are other important pieces of equipment that make diving safer, more convenient or more efficient. SCUBA is an acronym for Self-Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus. ... ... A rebreather is a type of breathing set that provides a breathing gas containing oxygen and recycles exhaled gas. ...

Contents

Personal Diving Equipment

Scuba life support

SCUBA is an acronym for Self-Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus. ... 12 litre and 3 litre steel diving cylinders A diving cylinder, scuba tank or diving tank is used to store and transport high pressure breathing gas as a component of an Aqua-Lung. ... A gas pressure regulator has one or more valves in series, which let the gas out of a gas cylinder in a controlled way, lowering its pressure at each stage. ... A rebreather is a type of breathing set that provides a breathing gas containing oxygen and recycles exhaled gas. ...

Alternative life support

Liquid breathing is a form of respiration in which someone breathes an oxygen rich liquid (usually from the perfluorocarbon family), rather than breathing air. ... A snorkeler amid corals on a coral reef near Fiji. ... The standard diving dress was used from its invention in 1837 until replaced by the rise of SCUBA and other modern diving outfits in the 1960s. ... Professional diving is diving for payment. ... Surface supplied diver at the Monterey Bay Aquarium, Monterey, California Surface supplied diving refers to divers using equipment supplied with breathing gas using an umbilical cord from the surface, often from a diving support vessel but possibly, indirectly via a diving bell. ... Snuba diving provides a fun and exciting combination of scuba and snorkeling for first time users. ...

Thermal, sting and abrasion protection

  • In cold water, a diving suit such as a dry suit or a wet suit
  • In very warm water, many types of tough, long, everyday clothing provide protection, as well as purpose made garments such as dive skins and shorty wetsuits
  • Diving gloves, neoprene is often used for thermal insulation
  • Diving boots, often made of neoprene and rubber

Two divers, one wearing a 1 atmosphere diving suit and the other standard diving dress, preparing to explore the wreck of the RMS Lusitania, 1935 A diving suit is a garment or device designed to protect a diver from the underwater environment. ... A dry suit or drysuit provides thermal insulation to the wearer while immersed in water, and is worn by divers, boaters, water sports enthusiasts, and others who work or play in or near cold water. ... Two divers, one wearing a 1 atmosphere diving suit and the other standard diving dress, preparing to explore the wreck of the RMS Lusitania, 1935. ... // Leather gloves A glove (Middle English from Old English glof) is a type of garment which covers the hand of a human. ... Neoprene is the DuPont Chemical trade name for a family of synthetic rubbers based on polychloroprene. ... A pair of zippered wetsuit boots. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ...

In-water stabilisation and movement

  • A backplate is a structural device linking the buoyancy of the wing with the weight of the diving cylinders and harnessed around the diver's body
  • Buoyancy compensator, Buoyancy Control Device, BCD or BC - many names for a buoyancy adjusting and life-saving buoyancy device
  • Diver Propulsion Vehicle - to increase the range of the diver undwerwater
  • Diving weighting system - to counteract the buoyancy of the diving suit and diver to allow descent
  • Fins for efficient propulsion

A stainless steel backplate, wing and manifolded twinset A backplate and wing (often abbreviated as BP&W or BP/W), is a type of buoyancy compensation device (BCD) worn by scuba divers. ... A buoyancy compensator (or buoyancy control device, BC or BCD) is a piece of diving equipment worn by divers to provide: life saving emergency buoyancy both underwater and on the surface. ... A Diver Propulsion Vehicle or a DPV is an item of diving equipment used by scuba divers to increase their range while underwater where their endurance is restricted due to limited availability of breathing gas and need to avoid decompression sickness. ... Divers wear weighting systems, weight belts or weights, generally made of lead, to counteract the buoyancy of other diving equipment, such as diving suits and aluminium diving cylinders. ... Two divers, one wearing a 1 atmosphere diving suit and the other standard diving dress, preparing to explore the wreck of the RMS Lusitania, 1935 A diving suit is a garment or device designed to protect a diver from the underwater environment. ... A pair of Viper® swimfins. ...

Measurement and navigation

A compass (or mariners compass) is a navigational instrument for finding directions on the Earth. ... Dive Tables, Decompression Tables or Tables are printed cards or booklets that allow divers to determine for a particular dive profile and breathing gas, the Decompression stops required for that dive in order to avoid decompression sickness. ... Decompression sickness (DCS), the diver’s disease, the bends, or caisson disease is the name given to a variety of symptoms suffered by a person exposed to a reduction in the pressure surrounding their body. ... A Depth Gauge is a device used to measure pressure and display the equivalent depth in water. ... Dive Tables, Decompression Tables or Tables are printed cards or booklets that allow divers to determine for a particular dive profile and breathing gas, the Decompression stops required for that dive in order to avoid decompression sickness. ... A distance line is an item of diving equipment used by SCUBA divers as a means of returning to a safe starting point in conditions of low visibilty or where pilotage is difficult. ... A wrist watch sized dive computer incorporating an electronic compass A dive computer or decompression meter is a device used by a scuba diver to measure the time and depth of a dive so that a safe ascent rate can be calculated and displayed so that the diver can avoid... Decompression sickness (DCS), the diver’s disease, the bends, or caisson disease is the name given to a variety of symptoms suffered by a person exposed to a reduction in the pressure surrounding their body. ... Russian Poljot Siberia model finished movement viewed through crystal back For other uses, see Watch (disambiguation). ...

Vision and communication

A dive mask offers clear sight and protection.
A dive mask offers clear sight and protection.
  • Mask allows the diver to see clearly underwater and protects the eyes.
  • Refraction and underwater vision [1]
  • Full face mask allows talking if no mouthpiece inside.
  • Diving helmet used with surface supplied diving.
  • Surface Marker Buoy or Decompression buoy (Delayed SMBs) .
  • Underwater writing slate and pencil to transport pre-dive plans underwater, to record facts whilst underwater and to aid communication with other divers .
  • Torch/flashlight is essential in low visibility or dark environments like during night diving, wrecks, caves and for communication.
  • Hand-held sonar for a diver.

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 475 pixelsFull resolution (1181 × 701 pixel, file size: 158 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 475 pixelsFull resolution (1181 × 701 pixel, file size: 158 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A diving mask Snorkeler wearing a soft silicone diving mask A diving mask is an item of diving equipment that allows scuba divers, free-divers, and snorkelers to see clearly underwater. ... A diver in a pool wearing an AGA full face mask A diver wearing an Ocean Reef full face mask A full-face diving mask is a type of diving mask worn by SCUBA divers so that they can talk with the surface or other divers. ... Diving helmets are worn by divers who need to speak and hear underwater. ... A Surface Marker Buoy, SMB or simply a blob is an inflatable buoy used by SCUBA divers, with a line, to mark the divers position to their surface, safety boat whilst the diver is underwater. ... A decompression buoy, deco buoy or delayed SMB is an item of diving equipment used by SCUBA divers to mark their position whilst underwater doing decompression stops. ... A writing slate is a piece of flat material used as a medium for writing. ... This article is about the handwriting instrument. ... For the Soviet military jet with the NATO designation Flashlight, see Yakovlev Yak-25. ... Night diving is a type of recreational diving which takes place in darkness. ... The F70 type frigates (here, La Motte-Picquet) are fitted with VDS (Variable Depth Sonar) type DUBV43 or DUBV43C towed sonars SONAR (SOund Navigation And Ranging) â€” or sonar â€” is a technique that uses sound propagation under water (primarily) to navigate, communicate or to detect other vessels. ...

Tools

 Gerber River Shorty, a river/diving knife, with serrated edge for cutting lines and straps, and a blunt tip for prying.
Gerber River Shorty, a river/diving knife, with serrated edge for cutting lines and straps, and a blunt tip for prying.

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 361 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (677 × 1123 pixel, file size: 75 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Gerber Legendary Blades River Shorty river knife. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 361 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (677 × 1123 pixel, file size: 75 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Gerber Legendary Blades River Shorty river knife. ... A Gerber Paraframe I lockback knife, with fine edge and and dark gray titanium nitride coating. ... An Airlift is device based on a pipe, used in nautical archaeology to suck small objects, sand and mud from the sea bed and to transport the resulting debris upwards and away from its source. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Maritime archaeology is a discipline that studies human interaction with the sea, lakes and rivers through the study of vessels, shore side facilities, cargoes and human remains. ... Patterns in the sand Sand is a granular material made up of fine rock particles. ... In computer gaming, a MUD (Multi-User Dungeon, Domain or Dimension) is a multi-player computer game that combines elements of role-playing games, hack and slash style computer games and social chat rooms. ... The seabed (also sea floor, seafloor, or ocean floor) is the bottom of the ocean. ... Large format camera lens. ... Pink Anemonefish hiding in tentacles Underwater photography is the process of taking photographs while underwater. ... Pink Anemonefish hiding in tentacles Underwater photography is the process of taking photographs while underwater. ... A decompression trapeze is a device used in recreational diving and technical diving to make decompression stops more comfortable and more secure and provide the divers surface cover with a visual reference for the divers position. ... A Decompression Stop is a period of time a diver must spend at a constant depth in shallow water at the end of a dive in order safely to eliminate inert gases from the divers body to avoid decompression sickness. ... A sea lion on navigational buoy #14 in San Diego Harbor Green can #11 near the mouth of the Saugatuck river. ... A distance line is an item of diving equipment used by SCUBA divers as a means of returning to a safe starting point in conditions of low visibilty or where pilotage is difficult. ... A diving shot is an item of diving equipment consisting of a weight, a line and a buoy. ... A sea lion on navigational buoy #14 in San Diego Harbor Green can #11 near the mouth of the Saugatuck river. ... A Decompression Stop is a period of time a diver must spend at a constant depth in shallow water at the end of a dive in order safely to eliminate inert gases from the divers body to avoid decompression sickness. ... Dry boxes are used to keep material dry. ... A knife is a sharp-edged (single or double edged) instrument consisting of a thin blade used for cutting and fitted with a handle. ... A lifting bag is an item of diving equipment consisting of a robust and air-tight bag with strops, which is used to lift heavy objects underwater by means of the bags buoyancy. ...

Surface detection aids

The purposes of this class of equipment are to:

  • allow the support boat to monitor and find divers on the surface during or after a dive
  • prevent the diver being struck by boat traffic
  • mark the diver's position when drift diving or while at the decompression stop
  • help rescue services in lifeboats and helicopters to locate the diver

Surface detection aids (with cheapest and most effective towards the top) include: This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Drift diving is a type of recreational diving where the diver is transported by the currents caused by the tide. ... A Decompression Stop is a period of time a diver must spend at a constant depth in shallow water at the end of a dive in order safely to eliminate inert gases from the divers body to avoid decompression sickness. ... Severn class lifeboat in Poole Harbour, Dorset, England. ... A helicopter is an aircraft which is lifted and propelled by one or more horizontal rotors, each rotor consisting of two or more rotor blades. ...

It has been suggested that the section intro from the article Civil flag be merged into this article or section. ... A whistle is a one-note woodwind instrument which produces sound from a stream of forced air. ... For the Soviet military jet with the NATO designation Flashlight, see Yakovlev Yak-25. ... An animation illustrating the effect of strobe light A strobe light or stroboscopic lamp, commonly called a strobe, is a device used to produce regular flashes of light. ... Look up dye in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A helicopter is an aircraft which is lifted and propelled by one or more horizontal rotors, each rotor consisting of two or more rotor blades. ... A mirror, reflecting a vase. ... A Compact Disc or CD is an optical disc used to store digital data, originally developed for storing digital audio. ... A World War I-era parachute flare dropped from aircraft for illumination. ... Emergency position-indicating Radio beacons (EPIRB), Emergency Locator Transmitters (ELT) and Personal Locator Beacons, are tracking transmitters that operate as part of the Cospas-Sarsat Satellite System [1]. When activated, the beacons send out a distress signal that allows the beacon to be located by the satellite system and search...

Surface equipment

Informal Recreational diving flag
Informal Recreational diving flag
Signal flag A - "I have a diver down - Keep clear"

Image File history File links ICS_Diver. ... Image File history File links ICS_Diver. ... Recreational diving is a type of diving that uses SCUBA equipment for the purpose of leisure and enjoyment. ... Image File history File links ICS_Alfa. ... Image File history File links ICS_Alfa. ... The system of international maritime signal flags is a way of representing individual letters of the alphabet in signals to or from ships. ... The system of international maritime signal flags is a way of representing individual letters of the alphabet in signals to or from ships. ... A Diving Air Compressor is a gas compressor, which can fill diving cylinders with high pressure air that is pure enough to be used as a breathing gas. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... // A rigid-inflatable boat (RIB) or rigid-hulled inflatable boat, (RHIB) is a light-weight but high performance and high capacity boat constructed with a solid, shaped hull and flexible tubes at the gunwale. ... Illustration of echo sounding. ... The F70 type frigates (here, La Motte-Picquet) are fitted with VDS (Variable Depth Sonar) type DUBV43 or DUBV43C towed sonars SONAR (SOund Navigation And Ranging) â€” or sonar â€” is a technique that uses sound propagation under water (primarily) to navigate, communicate or to detect other vessels. ... Over fifty GPS satellites such as this NAVSTAR have been launched since 1978. ... A proton magnetometer measures very small variations in the earths magnetic field allowing ferrous objects on land and at sea to be detected. ... Remotely operated vehicles (ROV) are mobile tools used in environments too dangerous for humans. ... Portable VHF radio set Marine VHF radio is installed on all large ships and most motorized small craft. ...

Illustration

Basic diving equipment
Basic diving equipment

This picture shows some of the basic diving equipment and controls: Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 229 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Diving equipment Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 229 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Diving equipment Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ...

A diving mask Snorkeler wearing a soft silicone diving mask A diving mask is an item of diving equipment that allows scuba divers, free-divers, and snorkelers to see clearly underwater. ... A gas pressure regulator has one or more valves in series, which let the gas out of a gas cylinder in a controlled way, lowering its pressure at each stage. ... A buoyancy compensator (or buoyancy control device, BC or BCD) is a piece of diving equipment worn by divers to provide: life saving emergency buoyancy both underwater and on the surface. ... A Depth Gauge is a device used to measure pressure and display the equivalent depth in water. ... The metre (American English:meter) is a measure of length. ... 12 litre and 3 litre steel diving cylinders A diving cylinder, scuba tank or diving tank is used to store and transport high pressure breathing gas as a component of an Aqua-Lung. ... The bar (symbol bar), decibar (symbol dbar) and the millibar (symbol mbar, also mb) are units of pressure. ...

External links

  • Scuba Diving Equipment Forums

  Results from FactBites:
 
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diving equipment: Information from Answers.com (866 words)
The fundamental item of diving equipment used by divers is the SCUBA equipment, such as the Aqualung or Rebreather.
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