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Encyclopedia > Districts of Germany

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Image File history File links Coat_of_Arms_of_Germany. ... Politics of Germany takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Federal Chancellor is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...

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There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. The districts are at an intermediate level of administration between the Länder (German states) and the local / municipal levels (Gemeinden). Not to be confused with the larger Regierungsbezirk. The Bundesrat (federal council) is the representation of the 16 Federal States (Länder) of Germany at the federal level. ... The Bundestag (Federal Diet) is the parliament of Germany. ... The Federal Convention (Bundesversammlung) is a special body in the institutional system of Germany, convoked only for the purpose of selecting the Bundespräsident every five years. ... The Federal Constitutional Court (in German: Bundesverfassungsgericht, BVerfG) is a special court established by the German Constitution, the Grundgesetz (Basic Law). ... The Bundesgerichtshof or BGH (German for federal court) is the highest Germany for civil and criminal lawsuits. ... The President of Germany (German: Bundespräsident, formerly Reichspräsident) is Germanys head of state. ... Horst Köhler ( â–¶(?), born 22 February 1943) is the current President of Germany. ... The head of government of Germany has been known as the Chancellor (German: Kanzler) ever since the creation of the post. ... Angela Dorothea Merkel (pronounced //), born in Hamburg, Germany on July 17, 1954 is the current Chancellor of Germany. ... The Cabinet of Germany (German: Bundeskabinett, Bundesregierung) is the chief executive body of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (transliterated as Laender in English, singular Land). ... Elections in Germany gives information on election and election results in Germany, including elections to the Federal Diet (the lower house of the federal parliament), the Landtage of the various states, and local elections. ... This is a list of political parties in Germany. ... Germany is seen to be one of the democratic nations in Europe. ... The Federal Republic of Germany is a Central European country and member of the European Union, Group of 8 and NATO (among others). ... The European Union or EU is a supranational and intergovernmental union of 25 European states. ... Image File history File links European_flag. ... This article gives an overview of the History of Germany. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... Local government areas called districts are used, or have been used, in several countries. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (transliterated as Laender in English, singular Land). ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (transliterated as Laender in English, singular Land). ... A Regierungsbezirk is an government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ...


Types of district

The majority of the districts are rural districts, Landkreise, of which there are 323. Cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants (and in some Länder smaller towns) do not usually belong to a district but take over district responsibilities themselves - similar to the concept of independent cities These are known as urban districts (Kreisfreie Städte / Stadtkreise) - cities which constitute a district in their own right, and there are currently (2004) 116 of them, bringing the total number of districts to 439. In North Rhine-Westphalia, there are some cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants which are not urban districts, for example Iserlohn, Recklinghausen, Siegen, Paderborn, Bergisch Gladbach, Witten and Neuss. As an exception, the former rural and urban districts of Hanover (Hannover) in Lower Saxony have been united in 2001 to form the new Region Hannover with about 1,000,000 inhabitants. Germany is divided into 439 administrative districts; these consist of 323 rural districts (Landkreise), listed fully here, and 116 urban districts (Kreisfreie Städte / Stadtkreise) - cities which constitute a district in their own right (see List of German urban districts). ... An independent city is a city in the United States of America that does not belong to any county, but rather interacts directly with the state government. ... This is a list of urban districts in Germany. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... North Rhine-Westphalia (German: Nordrhein-Westfalen, usually shortened to: NRW) is - in population and economic output - the largest Federal State of Germany. ... Neuss is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Hanover (German: Hannover []), on the river Leine, is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany. ... With an area of 47,618 km and nearly eight million inhabitants, Lower Saxony (German Niedersachsen) lies in north-western Germany and is second in area and fourth in population among the countrys sixteen Bundesl nder (federal states). ... Hanover (officially Region Hannover) is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ...


The districts are responsible for the following:

  • according to federal and regional laws:
    • the building and upkeep of B roads
    • other building plans which cover more than one local authority's area
    • caring for national parks
    • social welfare
    • youth welfare
    • the building and upkeep of hospitals
    • the building and upkeep of state institutes of secondary education
    • household waste collection and disposal
    • car registration
    • electing the Landrat or Landrätin, the chairperson of the district
  • according to local laws: (differ in each region)
    • financial support for culture
    • the building of pedestrian zones and bicycle lanes
    • financial support for school exchanges
    • the building and upkeep of public libraries
    • revitalisation of the economy
    • encouraging tourism
    • the management of Volkshochschulen (state run adult education colleges)

All these tasks are carried out by local (municipal) authorities operating together. Urban districts have these responsibilities and also those of the municipalities. License plates in Germany show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ... This article or section should include material from Cycle path debate Segregated cycle facilities may consist of a separate road, track, path or lane that is designated for use by cyclists and from which motorised traffic is generally excluded. ...

District parliament

The district parliament, the Kreistag, is the legislative body of the district and is responsible for local self-administration. The parliament is elected directly every five years, except in Bavaria where it is elected every six years, and in Schleswig-Holstein, where it is every four years. The Free State of Bavaria  (German: Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... Schleswig-Holstein is the northernmost of the 16 Bundesländer in Germany. ...

District administration

The executive authority is an officer known as Landrat or Landrätin, who administers the district. In northern Germany, this is also the name of the district administration, in southern Germany it is known as Kreisverwaltung.

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