Distribution of terms is a theory in logic that says that, in a categorical syllogism, any term distributed in the conclusion must be distributed in either premise. Theory has a number of distinct meanings in different fields of knowledge, depending on the context and their methodologies. ... Logic, from Classical Greek Î»ÏÎ³Î¿Ï (logos), originally meaning the word, or what is spoken, (but coming to mean thought or reason) is most often said to be the study of arguments, although the exact definition of logic is a matter of controversy among philosophers. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The word premise came from Latin praemisus meaning placed in front. A premise (sometimes spelled premiss in philosophy) is a statement presumed true within the context of a discourse, especially of a logical argument. ...
A term is distributed if it is the subject of a negative proposition or the predicate of a negative. The subject of a sentence is one of the two main parts of a sentence, the other being the predicate. ... In linguistics and logic, a predicate is an expression that can be true of something. ...
This theory was first described during the Middle Ages, but academic discussion about its validity is still going on. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ...
Distribution, in that sense, does not refer to the physical marketing or circulation of goods, which is part of the process of exchange, but to the relative well-being and economic wealth of persons and groups.
Inequalities in distribution are related to inequalities in political power; in most societies, the economically dominant strata tend also to be politically dominant.
The distribution of wealth between the capitalist and manager on the one hand and the laborer on the other has been a major source of social strife in the Western world since the French Revolution, and has been a particularly important theme in the writings of Karl Marx and his followers.
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