A dissident, broadly defined, is a person who actively opposes an established opinion, policy, or structure. The term can be used to refer to a number of types of dissidents, including political, social, and militant dissidents. Dissident is a song by rock band Pearl Jam from their second album Vs. ...
Term dissident was used in the Soviet Union during the period of 1965-1985, including Brezhnev stagnation, for citizens who criticized the dictature of the Communist party. The people who used to write, tear and who distributed non-censored non-conformist litetature samizdat were criticized in the newspapers. It was common to criticize an author in newspapers without publishing any of his works. Then, many people accepted the term dissident with respect to themselves . This radically changed the meaning of the term: instead of criminal, who opposes the society, the term got meaning of non-conformist, who insists on the officially published laws, including the international agreements, signed by the Soviet government . Important part of activity of dissidents was informing the society (Both inside the Soviet Union and in foreign countries) about violation of laws and human rights; see Chronicle of Current Events (samizdat) and Moscow Helsinki Group. See the special article about Soviet dissidents. Period of stagnation (Russian: , translitrated zastoy), also known as Brezhnevian Stagnation, the Stagnation Period, or the Era of Stagnation, or the Period of Stagnation (), refers to a period of socio-economic slowdown in the history of the Soviet Union that started when Leonid Brezhnevs become chairman of the Communist... Samizdat, book published by Pathfinder Press containing a collection of forbidden Trotskyist Samizdat texts. ... The information bulletin Chronicle of Current Events (Russian: ) was one of the longest-running and best-known samizdat periodicals in the USSR dedicated to the defense of human rights. ... The Moscow Helsinki Group (also known as the Moscow Helsinki Watch Group) is a pathbreaking and influential human rights monitoring group, originally started in what was then the Soviet Union; it still operates in Russia. ... Soviet dissidents were citizens of the Soviet Union (1917 â 1991) who disagreed with the policies and actions of their nation, and at the same time actively protested against these measures through non-violent means. ...
^ Chronicle of Current Events (samizdat) (Russian)
^ Universal Declaration of Human Rights General Assembly resolution 217 A (III), United Nations, 10 December 1948
Dissident scholars can be attacked in various ways, including by denial of tenure, harassment, withdrawal of research grants, official reprimands, referral to psychiatrists, ostracism by colleagues, spreading of rumors, transfer to different locations or jobs, and dismissal.
Dissidents need to be aware of the possibility of such a long-term commitment.
Dissidents should be prepared for the most unscrupulous behavior by the other side.
Politicaldissidents usually use non-violent means of political dissent, including voicing criticism of the government, but dissidents can also attempt to displace or overthrow the established government by achieving popular support and sparking a revolution or rebellion.
Militant dissidents are usually in the form of armed paramilitary groups whose aim is usually to overthrow a government or regime, or otherwise impose changes on the established order.
Since militant dissidents are almost always militarily disadvantaged compared to the ruling power, such groups usually resort to asymmetric warfare, guerilla warfare, or in some cases, terrorism, to further their cause.
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