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Encyclopedia > Displaced person

A displaced person (sometimes abbreviated DP) is a person who has been forced to leave his or her native place, a phenomenon known as forced migration. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Forced migration refers to the coerced movement of a person or persons away from their home or home region. ... Forced migration refers to the coerced movement of a person or persons away from their home or home region. ...

Contents

Origin of term

The term was first widely used during World War II and the resulting refugee outflows from Eastern Europe, when it was used to specifically refer to one removed from his or her native country as a refugee, prisoner or a slave laborer. The meaning has significantly broadened in the past half-century. A displaced person may also be referred to as a forced migrant. The term "refugee" is also commonly used as a synonym for displaced person, causing confusion between the general descriptive class of anyone who has left their home and the subgroup of legally defined refugees who enjoy specified international legal protection. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Regions of Europe as delineated by the United Nations (UN definition of Eastern Europe marked salmon):  Northern Europe  Western Europe  Eastern Europe  Southern Europe Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current national boundaries: Russia (dark orange), other countries of the former USSR (medium... Unfree labour is a generic or collective term for those work relations, especially in modern or early modern history, in which people are employed against their will by the threat of destitution, detention, violence (including death), or other extreme hardship to themselves, or to members of their families. ...


International law aspects

Main articles: Refugee law and Refugee

If the displaced person has crossed an international border and falls under one of the relevant international legal instruments, they are considered a refugee. A forced migrant who left his or her home because of political persecution or violence, but did not cross an international border, is commonly considered to be the less well-defined category of internally displaced person (IDP), and is subject to more tenuous international protection. The forced displacement of a number of refugees or internally displaced persons according to an identifiable policy is an example of population transfer. A displaced person who crosses an international border without permission from the country they are entering is an illegal immigrant. The most visible recent case of this is the large number of North Koreans who have settled in the border region of China. Refugee Law is the branch of International Law which deals with the rights and protection of refugees. ... Refugee Law is the branch of International Law which deals with the rights and protection of refugees. ... Tailor in Labuje IDP camp in Uganda An internally displaced person (IDP) is someone who has been forced to leave their home for reasons such as religious or political persecution or war, but has not crossed an international border. ... Tailor in Labuje IDP camp in Uganda An internally displaced person (IDP) is someone who has been forced to leave their home for reasons such as religious or political persecution or war, but has not crossed an international border. ... Population transfer is a term referring to a policy by which a state, or international authority, forces the movement of a large group of people out of a region, most frequently on the basis of their ethnicity or religion. ... North Korea, officially the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (DPRK; Korean: Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk; Hangul: 조선민주주의인민공화국; Hanja: 朝鮮民主主義人民共和國), is a country in eastern Asia...


A migrant who fled because of economic hardship is an economic migrant. A special sub-set of this is development-induced displacement, in which the forced migrant was forced out their home because of economically-driven projects like that of the Three Gorges Dam in China and various Indian dams. There is a body of opinion that holds that persons subject to development-induced displacement should have greater legal protection than that granted economic migrants. An economic migrant is a person who voluntarily leaves his or her country of origin for economic reasons. ... Development Induced Displacement is the forcing of communities and individuals out of their homes, often also their homelands, for the purposes of economic development. ... Three Gorges Dam, upstream side The Three Gorges Dam ma (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a Chinese hydroelectric river dam which spans the Yangtze River in Sandouping, Yichang, Hubei province, China. ... Development Induced Displacement is the forcing of communities and individuals out of their homes, often also their homelands, for the purposes of economic development. ... An economic migrant is a person who voluntarily leaves his or her country of origin for economic reasons. ...


Persons are often displaced due to natural or man-made disasters. No specific international legal instrument applies to such individuals, though their welfare remains the responsibility of the state to which they are citizens. Foreign nations often offer disaster relief to mitigate the effects of such disaster displacement. Mount Pinatubo eruption, 1991 A natural disaster is the consequence of the combination of a natural hazard (a physical event e. ...


Following the effects of Hurricane Katrina in 2005, the term "refugee" was sometimes used to describe people displaced by the storm and the aftereffects. There was an outcry that the term should not be used to describe Americans, and the term "evacuee" was substituted in its place. Lowest pressure 902 mbar (hPa; 26. ...


See also

Chernobyl reactor 4 after the disaster, showing the extensive damage to the main reactor hall (image center) and turbine building (image lower left) The early stages of construction of the sarcophagus. ... Earl Grant Harrison (1899-1955) was an American attorney, academician, and public servant who is noted for his contribution for displaced persons after World War II, where he highlighted the plight of Jewish refugees in a crucial report to President Truman. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... For the victim of Mt. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Displaced person - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (538 words)
The term "refugee" is also commonly used as a synonym for displaced person, causing confusion between the general descriptive class of anyone who has left their home and the subgroup of legally defined refugees who enjoy specified international legal protection.
The forced displacement of a number of refugees or internally displaced persons according to an identifiable policy is an example of population transfer.
Persons are often displaced due to natural or man-made disasters.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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