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Encyclopedia > Disneyland Resort Paris
Disneyland Resort Paris

Disneyland Park
Walt Disney Studios Park
Disney Village
Image File history File links DLRPlogo. ... Disneyland Park is a theme park which is a part of Disneyland Resort Paris. ... The Walt Disney Studios Park is one of the main attractions of Disneyland Resort Paris. ... Disney Village is a shopping, dining and entertainment complex in Disneyland Resort Paris, Marne-la-Vallée, France. ...

Resort hotels

Disneyland Hotel
Disney's Hotel New York
Disney's Newport Bay Club
Disney's Sequoia Lodge
Disney's Hotel Cheyenne
Disney's Hotel Santa Fe
Disney's Davy Crockett Ranch
The Disneyland Hotel is a hotel at the Disneyland Resort Paris, by which it is marketed as its most prestigious and priced accordingly. ... The current version of the article or section reads like an advertisement. ... Disneys Newport Bay Club is a mid-range, 1093-room hotel built in the style of a New England beach resort. ... The Disneys Sequoia Lodge Hotel at the Disneyland Resort Paris in Marne-la-Vallee, France is a recreation of a wilderness hideaway, designed to evoke images of those typically found in American national parks. ... Hotel Cheyenne, Disneyland Resort Paris Disneys Hotel Cheyenne is a 1000-room hotel built in the American Frontier-style. ... Disneys Hotel Santa Fe, built in 1991 and renovated in 2004, is a 1000-room hotel built in the American Southwest style. ... The Disneys Davy Crockett Ranch was built in 1991 and consists of 595 frontier-style bungalows in a quiet, wooded area. ...

Euro Disney S.C.A.

Disneyland Resort Paris is a holiday and recreation resort in Marne-la-Vallée, a new town in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France. The complex is located 32 km (20 miles) from the centre of Paris and lies for the most part on the territory of the commune of Chessy. Euro Disney S.C.A. is the company that owns and operates Disneyland Resort Paris and that projected the Val dEurope urban area in Marne-la-Vallée, France. ... For other uses, see Holiday (disambiguation). ... “Fun” redirects here. ... Resorts combine a hotel and a variety of recreations, such as swimming pools. ... Marne-la-Vallée is a new town located near Paris, France. ... See New Town for places with that name. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... A kilometer (Commonwealth spelling: kilometre), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1,000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... “Miles” redirects here. ... Kilometre Zero of French national highways, located in Paris on the square facing the main entrance of Notre Dame cathedral, and considered the official center of the city of Paris. ... Map of the 36,568 communes of metropolitan France. ... Chessy is a commune in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France. ...


Disneyland Resort Paris features two theme parks, an entertainment district and seven Disney-owned hotels. Operating since April 12, 1992, it was the second Disney resort to open outside the United States (following Tokyo Disney Resort), and the first to be owned and operated by Disney. With 14.5 million visitors in the fiscal year of 2007, it is one of Europe's leading tourist destinations. Theme Park is a simulation computer game designed by Bullfrog Productions, released in 1994, in which the player designs and operates an amusement park. ... A stilt-walker entertaining shoppers at a shopping centre in Swindon, England Entertainment is an activity designed to give pleasure or relaxation to an audience (although in the case of a computer game the audience may be only one person). ... Disney redirects here. ... A hotel is an establishment that provides lodging, usually on a short-term basis. ... is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Disney Parks Worldwide logo Walt Disney Parks and Resorts is the division of The Walt Disney Company that conceives, builds and manages the companys theme parks and vacation resorts, as well as a variety of additional family-oriented leisure enterprises. ... The Tokyo Disney Resort ) is a theme park and vacation resort located in Urayasu, Chiba, Japan, just east of Tokyo (Coordinates: ). It is owned and operated by The Oriental Land Company with a license from The Walt Disney Company. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


Disneyland Resort Paris is owned and operated by French company Euro Disney S.C.A., a public company of which 39.78% of its stock is held by The Walt Disney Company, 10% by the Saudi Prince Alwaleed and 50.22% by other shareholders. The park is run by chairman and CEO Karl Holz. Euro Disney S.C.A. is the company that owns and operates Disneyland Resort Paris and that projected the Val dEurope urban area in Marne-la-Vallée, France. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Stock (disambiguation). ... Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, born in 1955 and usually known as Prince Alwaleed, is a member of the Saudi royal family who has amassed an independent fortune through investments in shares and property. ... A shareholder or stockholder is an individual or company (including a corporation), that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a joint stock company. ... A Chairman is the presiding officer of a meeting, organization, committee, or other deliberative body. ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... Karl Holz is the current chairman and president of Euro Disney SCA, the company that oversees the Disneyland Resort Paris in Marne-la-Vallee, France. ...


The complex was a subject of controversy during the periods of negotiation and construction, when a number of prominent French figures voiced their opposition and protests were held by French labour unions and others. A further setback followed the opening of the resort as park attendance, hotel occupancy and revenues fell below projections. Partly as a result of this, the complex was renamed from Euro Disney Resort to Disneyland Paris in 1995. In July of that year, the company saw its first quarterly profit. For the Wikipedia policy regarding controversial issues in articles, see Wikipedia:Guidelines for controversial articles. ... 2003 GMO USDA protest Protest expresses relatively overt reaction to events or situations: sometimes in favour, more often opposed. ... A union (labor union in American English; trade union, sometimes trades union, in British English; either labour union or trade union in Canadian English) is a legal entity consisting of employees or workers having a common interest, such as all the assembly workers for one employer, or all the workers... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ...


A second theme park, Walt Disney Studios Park, was opened to the public on March 16, 2002. The Walt Disney Studios Park is one of the main attractions of Disneyland Resort Paris. ... is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...

Contents

Background & development

Following the success of Disneyland in Anaheim, California and Walt Disney World in Lake Buena Vista, Florida, plans to build a similar theme park in Europe emerged in 1972. Upon the leadership of E. Cardon Walker, Tokyo Disneyland opened in 1983 in Japan with instant success, forming a catalyst for international expansion. Disneyland is a theme park that is located at 1313 South Harbor Boulevard in Anaheim, California, USA. It opened on July 17, 1955. ... Anaheim redirects here. ... Cinderella Castle, at the center of the Magic Kingdom, is Walt Disney World Resorts most recognizable icon Introduction Owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company, the Walt Disney World Resort in Florida, USA is home to four theme parks, two water parks, several resort hotels and golf courses... Lake Buena Vista is a city located in Orange County, Florida, U.S., at the 2000 census the population was 16. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... E. Cardon Walker (commonly, Card Walker) was a top Walt Disney Productions executive in the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s. ... Tokyo Disneyland ) is one of two theme parks in the Tokyo Disney Resort located in Urayasu, Chiba, Japan, near Tokyo. ... For the Jimi Hendrix song, see 1983. ...


|} In late 1984 the heads of Disney's theme park division, Dick Nunis and Jim Cora, presented a list of approximately 1,200 possible European locations for the park.[1] This article is about the year. ...


By March of 1985, the number of possible locations for the park had been reduced to four; two in France and two in Spain.[2] Both of these nations saw the potential economic advantages of a Disney theme park and competed by offering financing deals to Disney.[3] This article is about the human activity. ...


Both Spanish sites were located near the Mediterranean Sea and offered a subtropical climate similar to Disney's parks in California and Florida. Disney had also shown interest in a site near Toulon in southern France, not far from Marseille. The pleasing landscape of that region, as well as its climate, made the location a top competitor for what would be called Euro Disneyland. However, thick layers of bedrock were discovered beneath the site, which would render construction too difficult. Finally, a site in the rural town of Marne-la-Vallée was chosen because of its proximity to Paris and its central location in Western Europe. This location was estimated to be no more than a four-hour drive for 68 million people and no more than a two-hour flight for a further 300 million. Mediterranean redirects here. ... Subtropical (or semitropical) areas are those adjacent to the tropics, usually roughly defined as the ranges 23. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... Panorama of Toulon area. ... City flag Coat of arms Motto: By her great deeds, the city of Massilia shines The Old Port of Marseille Location Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (13) Subdivisions 16 arrondissements (in 8 secteurs) Intercommunality Urban... Bedrock is the native consolidated rock underlying the Earths surface. ... Marne-la-Vallée is a new town located near Paris, France. ... A current understanding of Western Europe. ...

In December 1990, Espace Euro Disney enabled the public to preview the complex.
In December 1990, Espace Euro Disney enabled the public to preview the complex.

Michael Eisner, Disney's CEO at the time, signed the first letter of agreement with the French government for the 20 square-kilometre site in December of 1985, and the first financial contracts were drawn up during the following spring. Construction began in August of 1988, and in December of 1990, an information centre named "Espace Euro Disney" was opened to show the public what was being constructed. Plans for a theme park next to Euro Disneyland based on the entertainment industry, Disney-MGM Studios Europe, quickly went into development, scheduled to open in 1996 with a construction budget of US$2.3 billion.[4] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Michael Dammann Eisner (born March 7, 1942) was CEO of The Walt Disney Company from September 22, 1984 to September 30, 2005. ... The Walt Disney Studios Park is one of the main attractions of Disneyland Resort Paris. ...


Hotels, recreation and restaurants

In order to control a maximum of the hotel business, it was decided that 5,000 Disney-owned hotel rooms would be built within the complex. In March 1988, Disney and a council of architects (Frank Gehry, Michael Graves, Robert A.M. Stern, Stanley Tigerman and Robert Venturi) decided on an exclusively American theme in which each hotel would depict a region of the United States. At the time of the opening in April of 1992, seven hotels collectively housing 5,200 rooms had been built. By the year 2017, Euro Disney, under the terms specified in its contract with the French government, will be required to finish constructing a total of 18,200 hotel rooms at varying distances from the resort.[5] For other uses, see Hotel (disambiguation). ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see Architect (disambiguation). ... Frank Owen Gehry, CC (born Ephraim Owen Goldberg, February 28, 1929) is a Pritzker Prize winning architect based in Los Angeles, California. ... -1... Robert Arthur Morton Stern, usually credited as Robert A. M. Stern, (born May 23, 1939) is an American architect and Dean of the Yale University School of Architecture. ... Stanley Tigerman (born 20th September, 1930 in Chicago, Illinois) is an American architect, theorist and designer He studied at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the Chicago Institute of Design, and Yale University. ... Robert Charles Venturi (June 25, 1925 -) is an award winning American architect. ... 2017 (MMXVII) will be a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


An entertainment, shopping and dining complex based on Walt Disney World's Downtown Disney was designed by Frank Gehry. With its towers of oxidised silver and bronze-coloured stainless steel under a canopy of lights, it opened as Festival Disney.[6] There is also an area called Downtown Disney at the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California; see Downtown Disney (California). ... ed|other uses|reduction}} Illustration of a redox reaction Redox (shorthand for reduction/oxidation reaction) describes all chemical reactions in which atoms have their oxidation number (oxidation state) changed. ... The 630 foot (192 m) high, stainless-clad (type 304) Gateway Arch defines St. ... Disney Village is a shopping, dining and entertainment complex in Disneyland Resort Paris, Marne-la-Vallée, France. ...

Euro Disney Resort's initial cast members pose.
Euro Disney Resort's initial cast members pose.

For a projected daily attendance of 55,000, Euro Disney planned to serve an estimated 14,000 people per hour inside the Euro Disneyland park. In order to accomplish this, 29 restaurants were built inside the park (with a further 11 restaurants built at the Euro Disney resort hotels and 5 at Festival Disney). Menus and prices were varied with an American flavour predominant and Disney's precedent of not serving alcoholic beverages was continued in the park. 2,100 patio seats (30% of park seating) were installed to satisfy Europeans’ expected preference of eating outdoors in good weather. In test kitchens at Walt Disney World, recipes were adapted for European tastes. Walter Meyer, executive chef for menu development at Euro Disney and executive chef of food projects development at Walt Disney World noted, “A few things we did need to change, but most of the time people kept telling us, ‘Do your own thing. Do what’s American’.”[7] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Restaurant (disambiguation). ... In a restaurant, a menu is the list of options for a diner to select. ... Alcoholic beverages An alcoholic beverage is a drink containing ethanol, commonly known as alcohol, although in chemistry the definition of alcohol includes many other compounds. ... A patio of the Livadia Palace in Crimea. ... A test kitchen is a kitchen used for the process of developing new kinds of food. ... Wikibooks Cookbook has more about this subject: Recipes This article discusses culinary recipes. ... For other uses, see Chef (disambiguation). ...


Recruitment

Unlike Disney's United States theme parks, Euro Disney aimed for permanent employees (an estimated requirement of 12,000 for the theme park itself), as opposed to seasonal and temporary part-time employees. Casting centres were set up in Paris, London, Amsterdam, and Frankfurt in an effort to reflect the multinational aspect of Euro Disney’s visitors. However, it was understood by the French government and Disney that “a concentrated effort would be made to tap into the local French labour market”[1]. Disney sought workers with sufficient communication skills, spoke two European languages (French and one other), and were socially outgoing. Following precedent, Euro Disney set up its own Disney University to train workers. 24,000 people had applied by November of 1991.[1] A part-time job carries less hours per week than a full-time job, and usually pays less than a full-time job. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ... The Disney University is a job training location for Cast Members located at Walt Disney World in Orlando Florida. ...


Controversies

…a horror made of cardboard, plastic and appalling colours, a construction of hardened chewing gum and idiotic folklore taken straight out of comic books written for obese Americans.[8]

The prospect of a Disney park in France was a subject of debate and controversy. Critics, who included prominent French intellectuals, denounced what they considered to be the cultural imperialism, or ‘neoprovincialism’ of Euro Disney and felt it would encourage in France an unhealthy American type of consumerism. For others, Euro Disney became a symbol of America within France. On June 28, 1992 a group of French farmers blockaded Euro Disney in protest of farm policies the United States supported at the time. A journalist in the French newspaper Le Figaro wrote, “I wish with all my heart that the rebels would set fire to [Euro] Disneyland."[9] Ariane Mnouchkine, a Parisian stage director, named the concept a “cultural Chernobyl”;[10] a phrase which would be echoed in the media and grow synonymous with Euro Disney's initial years. Debate (North American English) or debating (British English) is a formal method of interactive and position representational argument. ... For the Wikipedia policy regarding controversial issues in articles, see Wikipedia:Guidelines for controversial articles. ... An intellectual is a person who uses his or her intellect to study, reflect, and speculate on a variety of different ideas. ... Cultural imperialism is the practice of promoting, distinguishing, separating, artificially injecting of the culture or language of one nation in another. ... Consumerist redirects here. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see Farmer (disambiguation). ... A blockade is any effort to prevent supplies, troops, information or aid from reaching an opposing force. ... Le Figaro (English: ) is one of the leading French morning daily newspapers. ... Ariane Mnouchkine (born 1939 in Boulogne-sur-Seine) is a French stage and film director. ... A theatre director oversees and orchestrates the mounting of a play by unifying various endeavors and aspects of production. ... The nuclear power plant at Chernobyl prior to the completion of the sarcophagus. ...


In response, French philosopher Michel Serres noted, “It is not America that is invading us. It is we who adore it, who adopt its fashions and above all, its words.” Euro Disney S.C.A.'s then-chairman Robert Fitzpatrick responded, "We didn’t come in and say O.K., we’re going to put a beret and a baguette on Mickey Mouse. We are who we are."[1] A philosopher is a person who thinks deeply regarding people, society, the world, and/or the universe. ... Michel Serres (born September 1, 1930) is a French philosopher and author with an unusual career. ... Basque style beret Black beret with military emblem A beret (pronounced pronounced in French or [ˈbÉ›reɪ] in English[1], except in the USA, where it is usually pronounced [bəˈreɪ][2]) is a soft round cap, usually of wool felt, with a flat crown, which is worn by both... A baguette (French for little stick) is a variety of bread distinguishable by its much greater length than width, and noted for its very crispy crust. ... Mickey Mouse is an Academy Award-winning comic animal cartoon character who has become an icon for The Walt Disney Company. ...


Topics of controversy further included Disney's American managers requiring English to be spoken at all meetings and Disney's appearance code for members of staff, which listed regulations and limitations for the use of make up, facial hair, tattoos, jewellery and more. French labour unions mounted protests against the appearance code, which they saw as “an attack on individual liberty.” Others criticised Disney as being insensitive to French culture, individualism, and privacy, because restrictions on individual or collective liberties were illegal under French law, unless it could be demonstrated that the restrictions are requisite to the job and do not exceed what is necessary. Disney countered by saying that a ruling that barred them from imposing such an employment standard could threaten the image and long-term success of the park. “For us, the appearance code has a great effect from a product identification standpoint,” said Thor Degelmann, Euro Disney’s personnel director and a native Californian. “Without it we couldn’t be presenting the Disney product that people would be expecting.”[11] Cosmetics or makeup are substances to enhance the beauty of the human body, apart from simple cleaning. ... One kind of modern beard. ... This article is about the tattoo, a design in ink or some other pigment, usually decorative or symbolic, placed permanently under the skin. ... For the Korean music group, see Jewelry (group). ... A union (labor union in American English; trade union, sometimes trades union, in British English; either labour union or trade union in Canadian English) is a legal entity consisting of employees or workers having a common interest, such as all the assembly workers for one employer, or all the workers... In academic terms, French law can be divided into two areas: private law (droit privé) and public law (droit public). Private law includes, in particular, civil law (droit civil) and criminal law (droit pénal). Public law includes, in particular, administrative law (droit administratif) and constitutional law (droit constitutionnel). However...


Opening day

Michael Eisner announces, “Et maintenant je déclare Euro Disneyland officiellement ouvert” (And now I declare Euro Disneyland officially open).
Michael Eisner announces, “Et maintenant je déclare Euro Disneyland officiellement ouvert” (And now I declare Euro Disneyland officially open).

On April 12, 1992, Euro Disney Resort and its theme park, Euro Disneyland, officially opened. Visitors were warned of chaos on the roads and a government survey indicated that half a million people carried by 90,000 cars might attempt to enter the complex. French radio warned traffic to avoid the area. By midday, the parking lot was approximately half full, suggesting an attendance level below 25,000. Speculative explanations ranged from people heeding the advice to stay away to the one-day strike that cut the direct RER railway connection to Euro Disney from the centre of Paris.[9] Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... The RER (Réseau Express Régional, IPA , Regional Express Network) is an urban rail network in the Île-de-France région, notably Paris and its agglomeration. ...


Financial, attendance and employment problems

In May of 1992, entertainment magazine The Hollywood Reporter reported that about 25% of Euro Disney's workforce — approximately 3,000 men and women — had resigned their jobs because of unacceptable working conditions. It also reported that the park's attendance was far behind expectations. Euro Disney S.C.A. responded in an interview with The Wall Street Journal, in which Robert Fitzpatrick claimed only 1,000 people had left their jobs. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Wall Street Journal (WSJ) is an international daily newspaper published by Dow Jones & Company in New York City, New York, USA, with Asian and European editions, and a worldwide daily circulation of more than 2 million as of 2006, with 931,000 paying online subscribers. ...


In response to the financial situation, Fitzpatrick ordered that the Disney-MGM Studios project would be put on hiatus until a further decision could be made. Prices at the hotels were reduced.


Despite these efforts, in May 1992 daily park attendance was around 25,000 (some reports give a figure of 30,000) instead of the predicted 60,000. The Euro Disney Company stock price spiralled downwards and on July 23, 1992, Euro Disney announced an expected net loss in its first year of operation of approximately 300 million French francs. During Euro Disney's first winter, hotel occupancy was such that it was decided to close the Newport Bay Club hotel during the season. Initial hopes were that each visitor would spend around US$33 per day, but near the end of 1992, analysts reckoned spending to be around 12% lower.[12] is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... ISO 4217 Code FRF User(s) Monaco, Andorra, France except New Caledonia, French Polynesia, and Wallis and Futuna ERM Since 13 March 1979 Fixed rate since 31 December 1998 Replaced by €, non cash 1 January 1999 Replaced by €, cash 1 January 2002 € = 6. ... Disneys Newport Bay Club is a mid-range, 1093-room hotel built in the style of a New England beach resort. ...


Efforts to improve attendance included serving alcoholic beverages with meals inside the Euro Disneyland park, in response to a presumed European demand, which began June 12, 1993.[13] is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...


In January 1994, Sanford Litvack, an attorney from New York City and former Assistant Attorney General during the Jimmy Carter presidency, was assigned to be Disney's lead negotiator regarding Euro Disney's future. On 28 February, Litvack made an offer (without the consent of Eisner or Frank Wells) to split the debts between Euro Disney's creditors and Disney. After the banks showed interest, Litvack informed Eisner and Wells. On March 14, the day before the annual shareholders meeting, the banks capitulated to Disney's demands. The creditor banks bought US$500 million worth of Euro Disney shares, forgave 18 months of interest and deferred interest payments for three years. Disney invested US$750 million into Euro Disney and granted a five-year suspension of royalty payments. In June that same year, Saudi Arabian Prince Al-Waleed Bin Talal Bin Abdulaziz Al Saud cut a deal whereby the Walt Disney Company bought 51% of a new US$1.1 billion share issue, the rest being offered to existing shareholders at below-market rates, with the Prince buying any that were not taken up by existing shareholders (up to a 24.5% holding). Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... An attorney is someone who represents someone else in the transaction of business: For attorney-at-law, see lawyer, solicitor, barrister or civil law notary. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ... Negotiation is the process whereby interested parties resolve disputes, agree upon courses of action, bargain for individual or collective advantage, and/or attempt to craft outcomes which serve their mutual interests. ... is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Frank Wells was president and chief operating officer (COO) of the Walt Disney Company from 1984 until his death on April 3, 1994. ... A shareholder or stockholder is an individual or company (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a joint stock company. ... A creditor is a party (e. ... For other senses of this word, see interest (disambiguation). ... Saudi Arabian Airlines (also known as Saudia) is Saudi Arabias domestic and international airline, and one of the largest airlines of the Middle East. ...


In 2002, Euro Disney S.C.A. and the Walt Disney Company announced another annual profit for Disneyland Resort Paris. However, it has incurred a net loss in the three years following, and the park is approximately US$2 billion in debt as of 2007. In 2005, the Walt Disney Company agreed to write-off all debt to the Walt Disney Company made by Euro Disney S.C.A. Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


1995 turnaround

The year 1995 marked the opening of Space Mountain - De la Terre à la Lune and an increase in attendance.

On May 31, 1995, a new attraction opened at the theme park. Space Mountain - De la Terre à la Lune had been planned since the inception of Euro Disneyland, but was reserved for a revival of public interest. With a redesign of the attraction (which had premiered at Walt Disney World's Magic Kingdom in 1975) including a 'cannon' launch system and an on-ride soundtrack, the US$100 million attraction was dedicated in a ceremony attended by celebrities such as Elton John, Claudia Schiffer and Buzz Aldrin. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 2628 KB) Disneyland Ressort Paris File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Disneyland Park (Paris) User:Lviatour/Images/Diver Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 2628 KB) Disneyland Ressort Paris File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Disneyland Park (Paris) User:Lviatour/Images/Diver Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... For other Space Mountains, see Space Mountain. ... The Magic Kingdom is a theme park within the Walt Disney World Resort in Lake Buena Vista, Florida, near Orlando. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Cannon (disambiguation). ... Uses of the word launch: A launch can be a type of boat: see launch (boat). ... In film formats, the soundtrack is the physical area of the film which records the synchronized sound. ... For the 1998 movie, see Celebrity (1998 movie). ... Sir Elton Hercules[1] John CBE[2] (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight on 25 March 1947) is a five-time Grammy and one-time Academy Award-winning English pop/rock singer, composer and pianist. ... Claudia Schiffer (born August 25, 1970[2]) is a German supermodel and actress, who reached the height of her popularity during the 1990s. ... Colonel Buzz Aldrin, Sc. ...


On July 25, 1995, Euro Disney S.C.A. reported its first ever quarterly profit of US$35.3 million. On November 15, the results for the fiscal year ending September 30 were released; in one year the theme park's attendance had climbed from 8.8 million to 10.7 million — an increase of 21%. Hotel occupancy had also climbed from 60 to 68.5%. After debt payments, Disneyland Resort Paris ended the year with a net profit of US$22.8 million. is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ...


Name changes

Disneyland Resort Paris and its assets have been subject to a number of name changes, initially an effort to overcome the negative publicity that followed the inception of Euro Disney.


Michael Eisner noted,

As Americans, the word ‘Euro’ is believed to mean glamorous or exciting. For Europeans it turned out to be a term they associated with business, currency, and commerce. Renaming the park ‘Disneyland Paris’ was a way of identifying it with one of the most romantic and exciting cities in the world.[14]
1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Entire complex Euro Disney Resort1 Euro Disneyland Paris2 Disneyland Paris3 Disneyland Resort Paris4
First park Euro Disneyland1 Disneyland Park (English)/Parc Disneyland (French)4
Entertainment district Festival Disney Disney Village

1until May 1994
2June 1994 until September
3October 1994 until February 2002
4March 2002.


The complex

Disneyland Resort Paris encompasses 4,800 acres[15] (19 km²), including theme parks, resort hotels, nightclubs, a golf course, a railway station and more. Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ...


Theme parks

On April 12th 2007, Disneyland Resort Paris celebrated its 15th anniversary.
On April 12th 2007, Disneyland Resort Paris celebrated its 15th anniversary.

The Disneyland Park is based on a formula pioneered by Disneyland in California and further employed at the Magic Kingdom in Florida and Tokyo Disneyland in Japan. Occupying 566,560 (140 acres), it is the largest Disney park based on the original in California. April 12 is the 102nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (103rd in leap years). ... Disneyland Park is a theme park which is a part of Disneyland Resort Paris. ... The Walt Disney Studios Park is one of the main attractions of Disneyland Resort Paris. ... Disneyland Park is a theme park which is a part of Disneyland Resort Paris. ... In mathematics and in the sciences, a formula (plural: formulae, formulæ or formulas) is a concise way of expressing information symbolically (as in a mathematical or chemical formula), or a general relationship between quantities. ... Disneyland is a theme park that is located at 1313 South Harbor Boulevard in Anaheim, California, USA. It opened on July 17, 1955. ... The Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California is a major recreational resort (owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company), and is home to two theme parks, three hotels, and a shopping and entertainment area. ... The Magic Kingdom is a theme park within the Walt Disney World Resort in Lake Buena Vista, Florida, near Orlando. ... Cinderella Castle is the symbol of the Magic Kingdom. ... Tokyo Disneyland ) is one of two theme parks in the Tokyo Disney Resort located in Urayasu, Chiba, Japan, near Tokyo. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... This article is about the unit of measure known as the acre. ...


On March 16, 2002, the Walt Disney Studios Park opened its doors to the public. At 27 hectares, it is a continuation on an earlier, never realised concept; the Disney-MGM Studios Europe. is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... The Walt Disney Studios Park is one of the main attractions of Disneyland Resort Paris. ... A hectare (symbol ha) is a metric unit of surface area, equal to 100 ares (the name is a contraction of the SI prefix hecto + are). ...


The April 2007 issue of trade magazine Park World reported the following attendance estimates for 2006 compiled by Economic Research Associates in partnership with TEA (formerly the Themed Entertainment Association): April 2007 is the fourth month of the year. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Themed Entertainment Association (short TEA) is an international non-profit association representing the worlds leading creators, developers, designers and producers of themed experiences such as museums, zoos and theme parks. ...

  • Disneyland Park, 10.6 million visits (No. 5 worldwide);
  • Walt Disney Studios, 2.2 million visits.

Other recreation

An aerial view of Disney Village (centre), Lake Disney (right) and a fragment of Disneyland Park (top left)
An aerial view of Disney Village (centre), Lake Disney (right) and a fragment of Disneyland Park (top left)
Main articles: Disney Village and Golf Disneyland

The Disney Village entertainment district contains a variety of restaurants, bars, shops, Buffalo Bill's Wild West Dinner Show, and other venues and stays open after the parks close. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 437 KB)took from an airplane by myself File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 437 KB)took from an airplane by myself File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Lake Disney is a man-made lake situated at Disneyland Resort Paris. ... Disney Village is a shopping, dining and entertainment complex in Disneyland Resort Paris, Marne-la-Vallée, France. ... Golf Disneyland is the largest golf course on any Disney property around the world. ... Disney Village is a shopping, dining and entertainment complex in Disneyland Resort Paris, Marne-la-Vallée, France. ...


Golf Disneyland features 9-hole and 18-hole courses. Golf Disneyland is the largest golf course on any Disney property around the world. ...


Hotels

The complex features seven Disneyland Resort Paris hotels. The Disneyland Hotel is located over the entrance of the Disneyland Park and is marketed as the most prestigious hotel on property. A body of water known as Lake Disney is surrounded by Disney's Hotel New York, Disney's Newport Bay Club and Disney's Sequoia Lodge. Disney's Hotel Cheyenne and Disney's Hotel Santa Fe are located near Lake Disney, Disney's Davy Crockett Ranch is located in a woodland area outside the resort perimeter. The Disneyland Hotel is a hotel at the Disneyland Resort Paris, by which it is marketed as its most prestigious and priced accordingly. ... Lake Disney is a man-made lake situated at Disneyland Resort Paris. ... The current version of the article or section reads like an advertisement. ... Disneys Newport Bay Club is a mid-range, 1093-room hotel built in the style of a New England beach resort. ... The Disneys Sequoia Lodge Hotel at the Disneyland Resort Paris in Marne-la-Vallee, France is a recreation of a wilderness hideaway, designed to evoke images of those typically found in American national parks. ... Hotel Cheyenne, Disneyland Resort Paris Disneys Hotel Cheyenne is a 1000-room hotel built in the American Frontier-style. ... Disneys Hotel Santa Fe, built in 1991 and renovated in 2004, is a 1000-room hotel built in the American Southwest style. ... The Disneys Davy Crockett Ranch was built in 1991 and consists of 595 frontier-style bungalows in a quiet, wooded area. ...


Disneyland Resort Paris includes six Associated Hotels which are not managed by Euro Disney S.C.A. but provide free shuttle buses to the parks: Marriott's Village d'lle-de-France, Radisson SAS Hotel, a Holiday Inn Hotel, Vienna International Dream Castle Hotel, MyTravel's Explorers Hotel and a Kyriad Hotel. Marriott International, Inc. ... Radisson may refer to: Radisson Hotels & Resorts, an international hotel and resort chain. ... This article is about the hotel chain. ... MyTravel Group PLC is a package holiday company based in the United Kingdom. ...


Transport

A railway station, Marne-la-Vallée - Chessy, with connection to the suburban RER network and the TGV high-speed rail network is located between the theme parks and Disney Village. Thalys no longer operates from Marne-la-Vallée train station, but there are daily services from London on the Eurostar. On June 10, 2007, a new TGV line, LGV Est, began service between Paris and Strasbourg. Passengers bustle around the typical grand edifice of Londons Broad Street Station in 1865. ... Marne-la-Vallée - Chessy is a station of the RER system in the ÃŽle-de-France region of France, about 30 kilometres east of Paris. ... The RER (Réseau Express Régional, IPA , Regional Express Network) is an urban rail network in the ÃŽle-de-France région, notably Paris and its agglomeration. ... For the group of heart conditions referred to as TGV, see Transposition of the great vessels. ... Thalys PBKA Thalys is a high-speed train network built around the high-speed line between Paris and Brussels. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about high-speed trains between London and Brussels / Paris. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The LGV Est européenne (sometimes referred to as TGV Est, or occasionally as TGV East in English) is an extension to the French high-speed TGV network, connecting Paris and Strasbourg. ...


Free shuttle buses provide transport to all Disney hotels (except Disney's Davy Crockett Ranch) and Associated Hotels.


References

  1. ^ a b c d Lainsbury, Andrew (2000). Once Upon an American Dream: The Story of Euro Disneyland. University Press of Kansas. ISBN 070060989X-1. 
  2. ^ "Monsieur Mickey or Señor Miqui?: Disney Seeks a European Site." — BusinessWeek, July 15, 1985
  3. ^ Anthony, Robert (1993). Euro Disney: The First 100 Days. Harvard Business School. ASIN B0006R2N8Y-1. 
  4. ^ New York Times, February 5 1991 " COMPANY NEWS; Euro Disney Park"
  5. ^ Business America, 2 December 1991.
  6. ^ Voila! Disney Invades Europe. Will the French Resist? - Time, April 20 1992
  7. ^ “Disney Magic Spreads Across the Atlantic; Popular US Theme Park Prepares for Opening of Euro Disneyland Resort Near Paris in April, 1992,” Nation’s Restaurant News (October 28, 1991), p.3.
  8. ^ jcdurbant » Blog Archive » Antiaméricanisme: Tchernobyl culturel et Biafra de l’esprit (Mickey go home!)
  9. ^ a b "Thunderbird Case Studies; 'EuroDisneyland'". www.thunderbird.edu. Retrieved on March 5, 2007.
  10. ^ Happily Ever After? - Time, March 18 2002
  11. ^ Anne Ferguson, Maximising the Mouse. Management Today, September, 1989, pp. 60.
  12. ^ Disneyland Paris (Euro Disney) Frequently Asked Questions - 1996, Andre Willey/Tom Drynda
  13. ^ New York Times, June 12 1993 "Euro Disney Adding Alcohol"
  14. ^ Individual Term Paper International Marketing, Dan Snyder April 30, 2002
  15. ^ Walt Disney Co DIS (NYSE), Reuters.com

BusinessWeek is a business magazine published by McGraw-Hill. ... is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... This article is about the day. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Disney Parks Worldwide logo Walt Disney Parks and Resorts is the division of The Walt Disney Company that conceives, builds and manages the companys theme parks and vacation resorts, as well as a variety of additional family-oriented leisure enterprises. ... The Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California is a major recreational resort (owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company), and is home to two theme parks, three hotels, and a shopping and entertainment area. ... Disneys California Adventure is a theme park in Anaheim, California, adjacent to Disneyland Park and part of the larger Disneyland Resort. ... Cinderella Castle is the symbol of the Magic Kingdom. ... The Magic Kingdom is a theme park within the Walt Disney World Resort in Lake Buena Vista, Florida, near Orlando. ... This article is about the Epcot theme park. ... Disney-MGM Studios is a theme park at Walt Disney World Resort in Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA. The third park to open at the resort, it debuted on May 1, 1989. ... A closeup view of the Tree of Life Animal Kingdom entrance Disneys Animal Kingdom is a theme park at Walt Disney World Resort in Florida. ... Typhoon Lagoon is a water park located within the Walt Disney World Resort in Lake Buena Vista, Florida. ... Blizzard Beach logo featuring Ice Gator Blizzard Beach is a water park located within the Walt Disney World resort in Lake Buena Vista, Florida. ... Located in Lake Buena Vista, Florida, Disney’s Wide World of Sports Complex is an athletic complex that features a 8,000 seated ballpark called Cracker Jack Stadium and a 10,000 seated soccer stadium. ... The Tokyo Disney Resort ) is a theme park and vacation resort located in Urayasu, Chiba, Japan, just east of Tokyo (Coordinates: ). It is owned and operated by The Oriental Land Company with a license from The Walt Disney Company. ... Tokyo Disneyland ) is one of two theme parks in the Tokyo Disney Resort located in Urayasu, Chiba, Japan, near Tokyo. ... Tokyo DisneySea ) is an 176 acre (714,000 m²) theme park at the Tokyo Disney Resort located in Urayasu, Chiba, Japan, just outside of Tokyo. ... Disneyland Park is a theme park which is a part of Disneyland Resort Paris. ... The Walt Disney Studios Park is one of the main attractions of Disneyland Resort Paris. ... Hong Kong Disneyland Resort The Hong Kong Disneyland Resort (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: Xiānggǎng Díshìnílèyuán Dùjiàqū; Cantonese Yale: heung1 gong2 dik6 si6 nei4 lok6 yun4 dou6 ga3 keui1) was built by the Government of Hong Kong and The Walt Disney... The fountain featuring Mickey Mouse in the Park Promenade next to Hong Kong Disneyland Hong Kong Disneyland (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Cantonese Yale: heung1 gong2 dik6 si6 nei4 lok6 yun4) is the first theme park inside the Hong Kong Disneyland Resort and is owned and managed by the Hong... Disney Cruise Line is owned by The Walt Disney Company and headquartered in Celebration, Florida. ... Disney Cruise Line is owned by The Walt Disney Company and headquartered in Celebration, Florida. ... Disney Cruise Line is owned by The Walt Disney Company and headquartered in Celebration, Florida. ... Castaway Cay is a private island or out island in the Bahamas which serves as an exclusive port of call for the Disney Wonder and her sister ship, the Disney Magic. ... Disney Regional Entertainment is the division of Walt Disney Parks and Resorts that operates the ESPN Zone restaurants. ... ESPN Zone is a small chain of very large sports-themed restaurants that include arcades, TV studios, and radio studios. ... The current version of the article or section reads like an advertisement. ... Adventures by Disney is the operating name for the series of all inclusive guided vacation tour packages run by Walt Disney Parks and Resorts, a unit of The Walt Disney Company. ... World of Disney is the name of a chain of stores owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company of Burbank, California, USA. It is a replacement to the now sold-off Disney Store chain, but intended to be built in far fewer frequency. ... Disney redirects here. ... Walt Disney Imagineering was formed by entertainment mogul Walt Disney on December 16, 1952 as WED Enterprises (WED: Walter Elias Disney) to develop plans for a theme park and to manage Disneys personal assets. ... Disney Creative Entertainment is the theatrical and technical live entertainment production division of Walt Disney Imagineering, a fully-owned subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Disneyland Paris - Wikitravel (3398 words)
Disneyland Resort Paris (formerly Euro Disneyland) [1], located in the Paris suburb of Marne-la-Vallee, is the Disney Empire's European variant of their archetypal "Magic Kingdom" theme park.
There are also fast trains which run directly to the Disneyland Paris station from destinations to the east and west such as Nantes and Lille.
If you come to Disneyland Paris with children, be prepared to reach deep into your pockets; cowboy hats and pistols or knights' swords seem to be essentials for boys; Cinderella costumes for girls.
Disneyland Resort Parijs Fans Home Pagina (806 words)
verjaardag presenteert Disneyland Resort Paris in 2008 nóg meer
Resort om deel te nemen aan de festiviteiten.
het afgelopen jaar heeft Disneyland Resort Paris besloten het verjaardagsfeest met een jaar te verlengen
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