FACTOID # 9: The bookmobile capital of America is Kentucky.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Disneyland" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Disneyland
Disney theme park


Sleeping Beauty Castle as decorated for the park's 50th birthday.
Disneyland Park
Location Anaheim, California, U.S.
Opening Day July 17, 1955
Resort Disneyland Resort
Theme Various
Website Disneyland Resort Homepage
Operator The Walt Disney Company

Disneyland is a theme park that is located at 1313 South Harbor Boulevard in Anaheim, California, USA. It opened on July 17, 1955. The park is owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company. Currently the park has been visited by more than 515 million guests since it opened to the public, including presidents, royalty, and other heads of state. Disney Parks Worldwide logo Walt Disney Parks and Resorts is the division of The Walt Disney Company that conceives, builds and manages the companys theme parks and vacation resorts, as well as a variety of additional family-oriented leisure enterprises. ... Image File history File links Disneyland_Park. ... Disneylands Sleeping Beauty Castle on May 5, 2005, the day the Happiest Homecoming on Earth celebration began. ... This is an article about a structure at Disneyland and Hong Kong Disneyland. ... Anaheim redirects here. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... The Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California is a major recreational resort (owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company), and is home to two theme parks, three hotels, and a shopping and entertainment area. ... Disney redirects here. ... Theme Park is a simulation computer game designed by Bullfrog Productions, released in 1994, in which the player designs and operates an amusement park. ... Harbor Boulevard is a major divided street in Central Orange County. ... Anaheim redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... Disney redirects here. ...


When the park initially opened, it consisted of five themed areas:

After the inital opening, three additional areas were added: Main Street, U.S.A. is the first themed land inside the entrance of the many Magic Kingdom-style parks run by The Walt Disney Company around the world. ... The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ... This article is about the area in Disney theme parks. ... Box Log Falls, Lamington National Park, Queensland, Australia Jungle usually refers to a dense forest in a hot climate, such as a tropical rainforest. ... Frontierland is one of the themed lands at the many Magic Kingdom-style parks run by Disney around the world. ... A frontier is a political and geographical term referring to areas near or beyond a boundary, or of a different nature. ... Fantasyland is one of the themed lands at the many Magic Kingdom-style parks run by The Walt Disney Company around the world. ... For other uses, see Fantasy (disambiguation). ... Tomorrowland is one of the many themed lands at the many Disneyland parks run by The Walt Disney Company around the world. ... For other uses, see Future (disambiguation). ...

An elevated berm supports a narrow gauge railroad which circumnavigates the park. Disneyland features rides and attractions designed to appeal to all ages. Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... New Orleans Square is a themed land exclusively at Disneyland, and is not at any other Disney park. ... NOLA redirects here. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Historic Southern United States. ... The Pacific Northwest from space The Pacific Northwest, abbreviated PNW, or PacNW is a region in the northwest of North America. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Mickeys Toontown is one of the themed lands at the Disneyland park run by The Walt Disney Company. ... Toontown is a fictional city near Los Angeles where animated characters, or toons, live. ... Who Framed Roger Rabbit is a 1988 film produced by Amblin Entertainment and The Walt Disney Company (released on its Touchstone Pictures banner), which blends traditional animation and live action. ... Look up Berm in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Comparison of standard gauge (blue) and one common narrow gauge (red) width. ...


In 1998 Disneyland was renamed Disneyland Park in order to distinguish it from the larger Disneyland Resort complex. Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... The Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California is a major recreational resort (owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company), and is home to two theme parks, three hotels, and a shopping and entertainment area. ...


In addition to the original Disneyland park in in Anaheim, California, USA, there are three other parks which share the Disneyland name, Disneyland Resort Paris in Paris, France, Hong Kong Disneyland Resort in Hong Kong, China, and Tokyo Disney Resort in Tokyo, Japan. These resorts are in addition to Walt Disney World Resort in Florida, whose Disneyland-like park is called the Magic Kingdom. Anaheim redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Disneyland Resort Crymych is a holiday and recreation resort in Marne-la-Vallée, a new town in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Hong Kong Disneyland Resort The Hong Kong Disneyland Resort (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: Xiānggǎng Díshìnílèyuán Dùjiàqū; Cantonese Yale: heung1 gong2 dik6 si6 nei4 lok6 yun4 dou6 ga3 keui1) was built by the Government of Hong Kong and The Walt Disney... The Tokyo Disney Resort ) is a theme park and vacation resort located in Urayasu, Chiba, Japan, just east of Tokyo (Coordinates: ). It is owned and operated by The Oriental Land Company with a license from The Walt Disney Company. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Cinderella Castle is the symbol of the Magic Kingdom. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... The Magic Kingdom is a theme park within the Walt Disney World Resort in Lake Buena Vista, Florida, near Orlando. ...

Contents

Magic Kingdoms around the world

Plaque at the entrance of the park.

Despite the problems on opening day, Disneyland became an enormous success within its first few months. It attracted visitors worldwide in unprecedented numbers. Soon, even as Disneyland continued to grow, Walt Disney planned an expansion of the concept: Disneyworld. It would be a self-contained and completely-integrated vacation experience encompassing more land than twice that of the island of Manhattan. Disney Parks Worldwide logo Walt Disney Parks and Resorts is the division of The Walt Disney Company that conceives, builds and manages the companys theme parks and vacation resorts, as well as a variety of additional family-oriented leisure enterprises. ... Download high resolution version (1024x692, 109 KB)Plaque at the entrance of Disneyland which reads: Here you leave today and enter the world of yesterday, tomorrow and fantasy This picture was taken by me. ... Download high resolution version (1024x692, 109 KB)Plaque at the entrance of Disneyland which reads: Here you leave today and enter the world of yesterday, tomorrow and fantasy This picture was taken by me. ... Cinderella Castle is the symbol of the Magic Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Manhattan (disambiguation). ...


In 1971 (nearly 5 years after the death of Walt Disney) Walt Disney World Resort opened under the guidance of Walt's brother, Roy O. Disney in Lake Buena Vista, Florida as the world's largest privately owned vacation destination. Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... Cinderella Castle is the symbol of the Magic Kingdom. ... Roy Olive Disney (June 24, 1893–December 20, 1971, aged 78) was, with his younger brother Walt Disney, co-founder of what is now The Walt Disney Company. ... Lake Buena Vista is a city located in Orange County, Florida. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ...


In 1983 the first international Disney theme park opened: Tokyo Disneyland Park in Japan. Tokyo Disneyland is now part of Tokyo Disney Resort and has a sister theme park, Tokyo DisneySea. Tokyo Disneyland and Tokyo Disney Sea are owned by a Japanese corporation, Oriental Land Company. The Walt Disney Company receives royalties based on revenues and maintains creative control. Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... Tokyo Disneyland park is the first Disney theme park outside of the United States. ... The Tokyo Disney Resort ) is a theme park and vacation resort located in Urayasu, Chiba, Japan, just east of Tokyo (Coordinates: ). It is owned and operated by The Oriental Land Company with a license from The Walt Disney Company. ... Tokyo DisneySea ) is an 176 acre (714,000 m²) theme park at the Tokyo Disney Resort located in Urayasu, Chiba, Japan, just outside of Tokyo. ... Oriental Land Co. ...


In 1992 Euro Disney opened in France. It has since been renamed Disneyland Resort Paris and currently contains two theme parks. Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Castle of the Sleeping Beauty in Disneyland Park Disneyland Resort Paris is a theme park in Marne-la-Vallée, near Paris. ... Disneyland Resort Crymych is a holiday and recreation resort in Marne-la-Vallée, a new town in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France. ...


In 2005 Hong Kong Disneyland opened in Hong Kong. Hong Kong Disneyland Resort is owned jointly by the Hong Kong Government and The Walt Disney Company. Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The fountain featuring Mickey Mouse in the Park Promenade next to Hong Kong Disneyland Hong Kong Disneyland (traditional Chinese: ) is the first theme park inside the Hong Kong Disneyland Resort, which is owned and managed by the Hong Kong International Theme Parks, an incorporated company jointly owned by The Walt...


Additionally, Disney has looked at Australia for another Disneyland, first looking at Waterfront City, Melbourne and Avalon, Victoria. There was also some speculation of a Disneyland in the Gold Coast. The Melbourne Docklands is a new inner city suburb and Urban renewal project in Melbourne, Australia. ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre. ... Avalon is a locality in the State of Australia. ... Gold Coast may refer to: // Gold Coast (British colony), British colony on the Gulf of Guinea in west Africa Brandenburger Gold Coast, former German colony Danish Gold Coast, former Danish colony Dutch Gold Coast, former Dutch colony Portuguese Gold Coast, former Portuguese colony Swedish Gold Coast, former Swedish colony Gold...


Dedication

To all who come to this happy place - welcome. Disneyland is your land. Here age relives fond memories of the past and here youth may savor the challenge and promise of the future. Disneyland is dedicated to the ideals, the dreams, and the hard facts that have created America... with the hope that it will be a source of joy and inspiration to all the world. Thank you.
 

The dedication of all Disneyland parks worldwide begin with the phrase "To all who come to this happy place - welcome." For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ...


History

Concept and construction

The concept for Disneyland began one Sunday when Walt Disney was visiting Griffith Park with his daughters Diane and Sharon. His idea was simple: a place that both adults and children could enjoy. His dream would lie dormant for many years.[2] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 2. ... This is an article about a structure at Disneyland and Hong Kong Disneyland. ...


While many people had written letters to Walt Disney about visiting the Disney Studio lot and meeting their favorite Disney character, Walt realized that a functional movie studio had little to offer to the visiting fans. He then began to foster ideas of building a site near his Burbank studios for tourists to visit. His ideas then evolved to a small play park with a boat ride and other themed areas. Walt's initial concept, his "Mickey Mouse Park," started with an eight acre plot across Riverside Drive. For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ... The Walt Disney Studios refers to several different entities and locations associated with The Walt Disney Company: The Walt Disney Studios is one of the media empires four main operating units. ... Burbank is a common place name in English speaking countries. ...


Walt started to visit other parks for inspiration and ideas, documenting what he liked and did not like. Some of these included: Tivoli Gardens , Greenfield Village, Playland, Children's Fairyland, and Republica de los niños. He started his designers working on concepts, but these would grow into a project much larger than could be contained in eight acres. Tivoli Gardens is a famous amusement park in Copenhagen, Denmark. ... A Ford Model T, used for giving tourist rides, is shown above at Greenfield Village. ... Playland at the Beach was an amusement park that opened in 1927 and closed in 1972. ... Childrens Fairyland, U.S.A. was the first theme park created to cater to families with young children. ...


Walt hired a consultant, Harrison Price from Stanford Research Institute to gauge the area's potential growth. With the report from Price, Disney acquired 160 acres (730,000 m²) of orange groves and walnut trees in Anaheim, south of Los Angeles in neighboring Orange County. [3] SRI International is one of the worlds largest contract research institutions. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Cities in Orange County Orange County is a county in Southern California, United States. ...


Difficulties in obtaining funding prompted Disney to investigate new methods of fund raising. He decided to use television to get the ideas into people's homes, and so he created a show named Disneyland which was broadcast on the then fledgling ABC television network. In return, the network agreed to help finance the new park. For the first five years of its operation, Disneyland was owned by Disneyland, Inc., which was jointly owned by Walt Disney Productions and ABC. In 1960 Walt Disney Productions purchased ABC's share. In addition, many of the shops on Main Street, U.S.A. were owned and operated by other companies who rented space from Disney. The first incarnation of the Walt Disney anthology series, commonly called The Wonderful World of Disney, premiered on ABC on October 27, 1954 under the name Disneyland. ... This article is about the American broadcast network. ... Disneyland, Inc. ... Walt Disney Productions is the former name of The Walt Disney Company, which it held from 1929 to 1986. ... This article is about the American broadcast network. ...


Construction began on July 18, 1954 and would cost USD$17 million to complete and was opened exactly one year later.. U.S. Route 101 (later Interstate 5) was under construction at the same time just to the north of the site; in preparation for the traffic which Disneyland was expected to bring, two more lanes were added to the freeway even before the park was finished. is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... USD redirects here. ... Highway 101 redirects here. ... Interstate 5 (abbreviated I-5) is the westernmost interstate highway in the continental United States. ...


1955: Opening day

An aerial view of Disneyland in 1956. The entire route of the Disneyland Railroad is clearly visible as it encircles the park.
An aerial view of Disneyland in 1956. The entire route of the Disneyland Railroad is clearly visible as it encircles the park.

Disneyland Park was opened to the public on Monday, July 18, 1955. However, a special "International Press Preview" event was held on Sunday, July 17, 1955 which was only open to invited guests and the media. The Special Sunday events, including the dedication were televised nationwide and anchored by three of Walt Disney's friends from Hollywood: Art Linkletter, Bob Cummings, and Ronald Reagan. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (924x665, 189 KB)An aerial view of Disneyland in 1956. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (924x665, 189 KB)An aerial view of Disneyland in 1956. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... Art Linkletter caricature by Sam Berman for NBCs 1947 promotion book Art Linkletter (born Gordon Arthur Kelly on July 17, 1912) was the host of two of the longest-running shows in broadcast history: House Party, which ran on CBS radio and television for 25 years, and People Are... The Bob Cummings Show was an American television sitcom which was produced from 1955 to 1959. ... Reagan redirects here. ...



The event did not go smoothly. The park was overcrowded as the by-invitation-only affair was plagued with counterfeit tickets. All major roads nearby were congested. The temperature was an unusually high 101°F (38°C), and a plumbers' strike left many of the park's drinking fountains dry. The asphalt that had been poured just the night before was so soft that ladies' high-heeled shoes sank in. Vendors ran out of food. A gas leak in Fantasyland caused Adventureland, Frontierland, and Fantasyland to close for the afternoon. Parents were throwing their children over the shoulders of crowds to get them onto rides such as the King Arthur Carrousel. King Arthur Carrousel Carousel at Disneyland. ...


The park got such bad press for the event day that Walt Disney invited members of the press back for a private "second day" to experience the true Disneyland, after which Walt held a party in the Disneyland Hotel for them. Walt and his 1955 executives forever referred to the first day as "Black Sunday," although July 17 is currently acknowledged by Disney as the official opening day. On July 17 every year, cast members wear pin badges stating how many years it has been since July 17, 1955. For example, in 2004 they wore the slogan "The magic began 49 years ago today." But for the first ten years or so, Disney did officially state that opening day was on July 18, including in the park's own publications. The Disneyland Hotel is the name of hotels at three of The Walt Disney Companys resorts across the globe. ... A cast member is a term used to refer to a person who could be one of three possiblities; A cast member is someone who performs in a motion picture. ...


On Monday, July 18 crowds started to gather in line as early as 2 a.m., and the first person to buy a ticket and enter the park was David MacPherson with admission ticket number 2, as Roy Disney arranged to pre-purchase ticket number 1. Walt Disney had an official photo taken with two children instead, Christine Vess and Michael Schwartner, and the photo of the two carries a caption along the lines of "Walt Disney with the first two guests of Disneyland." Vess and Schwartner both received lifetime passes to Disneyland that day, and MacPherson was awarded one shortly thereafter, which was later expanded to every single Disney-owned park in the world.


1990s transition: Park becomes Resort

In the late 1990s, work began to expand on the one park property. Disneyland Park and its Hotel, the site of the original parking lot, as well as acquired surrounding properties were earmarked to become part of a greater vacation resort development. The new components of this resort were another theme park, Disney's California Adventure Park; a shopping and entertainment precinct, Downtown Disney; and a remodeled Disneyland Hotel, Paradise Pier Hotel and Grand Californian Hotel. Because the old parking lot was built upon, the six-level 10,250 space "Mickey and Friends" parking structure was constructed, the largest parking structure in the US. Disneys California Adventure Park is a Disney theme park in Anaheim, California, adjacent to Disneyland Park and part of the larger Disneyland Resort. ... Downtown Disney is an outdoor shopping, dining, and entertainment area located at the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California. ... The Disneyland Hotel is the name of hotels at three of The Walt Disney Companys resorts across the globe. ... Disneys Paradise Pier Hotel, formerly the Disneyland Pacific Hotel, is a resort hotel at the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California USA. It offers the ambiance of an intimate beach resort and many of the guest rooms overlook Paradise Pier, the waterfront land in Disneys California Adventure Park. ... Disneys Grand Californian Hotel is a hotel located at the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California. ...


The park's management team of the mid-1990s was a source of controversy among Disneyland fans and employees. In an effort to boost park profits, various changes began by then park executives Cynthia Harriss and Paul Pressler. While their actions provided a short term boost in shareholder returns, it drew widespread criticism from employees and guests alike. With the retail background of Harriss & Pressler, Disneyland's focus gradually shifted from attractions to merchandising. Outside consultants McKinsey & Co were also brought into to help streamline operations, which resulted in many changes and cutbacks. After nearly a decade of deferred maintenance, Walt Disney's original theme park was showing visible signs of neglect. Fans of the park decried the perceived decline in customer value and park quality and rallied for the dismissal of the management team.[citation needed] Cynthia Harriss is an American retail and tourism industry executive, most noteable for her senior roles with Gap Inc. ... Paul Pressler was the president and CEO of Gap, Inc. ... McKinsey & Company is a privately owned management consulting firm that focuses on solving issues of concern to senior management in large corporations and organizations. ...


Disneyland in the 21st Century

Matt Ouimet, formerly the president of the Disney Cruise Line, was promoted to assume leadership of the Disneyland Resort in late 2003. Shortly afterward, he selected Greg Emmer as Senior Vice President of Operations. Emmer is a long-time Disney cast member who had worked at Disneyland in his youth prior to moving to Florida and holding multiple executive leadership positions at the Walt Disney World Resort. Ouimet quickly set about reversing certain trends, especially with regards to cosmetic maintenance and a return to the original infrastructure maintenance schedule, in hopes of restoring the safety record of the past. Much like Walt Disney himself, Ouimet and Emmer could often be seen walking the park during business hours with members of their respective staff. They wore cast member name badges, stood in line for attractions and welcomed comments from guests. Matt Ouimet (born 1958) is a Graduate of Unatego Junior Senior High School in Otego, NY and is the president of the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California. ... Disney Cruise Line is owned by The Walt Disney Company and headquartered in Celebration, Florida. ... Greg Emmer is the Sr. ... Cinderella Castle, at the center of the Magic Kingdom, is Walt Disney World Resorts most recognizable icon Introduction Owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company, the Walt Disney World Resort in Florida, USA is home to four theme parks, two water parks, several resort hotels and golf courses...


In July 2006, Matt Ouimet announced that he would be leaving The Walt Disney Company to become president of Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide. Soon after this announcement, Ed Grier, executive managing director of Walt Disney Attractions Japan, was named president of the Disneyland Resort. Greg Emmer remains at the Disneyland Resort. Starwood headquarters in White Plains “Starwood” redirects here. ... Ed Grier is president of the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California, which is comprised of the Disneyland and Disneys California Adventure theme parks, the Disneyland Hotel, Disneys Grand Californian Hotel, Disneys Paradise Pier Hotel, and the Downtown Disney entertainment district. ...


50th anniversary

The Happiest Homecoming on Earth was the eighteen-month-long celebration (held through 2005 and 2006) of the fiftieth anniversary of the Disneyland theme park, which opened on July 17, 1955. The Happiest Celebration on Earth commemorated fifty years of Disney theme parks, and celebrated Disneyland's milestone throughout Disney parks all over the globe. In 2004, the park undertook a number of major renovation projects in preparation for its fiftieth anniversary celebration. Many classic attractions were restored, notably Space Mountain, Jungle Cruise, and Walt Disney's Enchanted Tiki Room. The 50th Anniversary celebration ended on September 30, 2006. Wikinews has news related to: Disneyland marks 50th anniversary The Happiest Homecoming on Earth is the eighteen-month-long celebration (held through 2005 and 2006) of the fiftieth anniversary of the Disneyland theme park, which opened on July 17, 1955. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other Space Mountains, see Space Mountain. ... The Jungle Cruise is an attraction at the following Disney theme parks: Disneyland, Magic Kingdom, Tokyo Disneyland and Hong Kong Disneyland (under the name Jungle River Cruise). ... This article is about Walt Disneys Enchanted Tiki Room an attraction at Disneyland park. ...


Park layout

The park is divided into realms, which radiate like the four cardinal points of the compass from Central Plaza, and well-concealed backstage areas. The public areas occupy approximately 85 acres (344,000 m²). Upon entering the park, you first proceed down Main Street, U.S.A., to reach Central Plaza. At the center of The Magic Kingdom and immediately North of Central Plaza stands Sleeping Beauty Castle, which provides entrance to Fantasyland by way of a drawbridge across a moat. Adventureland, Frontierland, and Tomorrowland are arrayed on both sides of the castle. To help compare sizes of different geographic regions, we list here areas between 10 hectares (100,000 m²) and 100 hectares (1,000,000 m²). See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... This is an article about a structure at Disneyland and Hong Kong Disneyland. ...


It is here, also, where the duality of Disneyland is first experienced. Main Street, Disneyland, U.S.A. gives way to a magic kingdom where timeless and imaginary characters, settings, and stories come to life in fully-immersive and permanent physicality.


Lands of Disneyland

The original park layout included four distinct lands (or realms), in addition to Main Street, U.S.A. The idea behind this was to develop theatrical "stages" with seamless passages from one land to the next.[4] Disneyland is a theme park within the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California conceived by Walt Disney. ... Disneyland is a theme park in Anaheim, California conceived by Walt Disney. ...


Three more areas have been added since the park's opening, including New Orleans Square, Critter Country, and Mickey's Toontown. Once entering a realm, a guest is completely immersed in the environment and are unable to see or hear any other land.


Main Street, U.S.A.

Main Street, U.S.A. is patterned after a typical midwest town of the early 20th century. Walt Disney derived inspiration from his boyhood town of Marceline, Missouri and worked closely with designers and architects to develop the Main Street appeal. Main Street, U.S.A. is the first themed land inside the entrance of the many Magic Kingdom-style parks run by The Walt Disney Company around the world. ... Marceline is a city in Chariton and Linn County, Missouri. ...

For those of us who remember the carefree time it recreates, Main Street will bring back happy memories. For younger visitors, it is an adventure in turning back the calendar to the days of grandfather's youth.
 
— Walt E. Disney

Main Street, U.S.A. is reminiscent of the Victorian period of Americana with the train station, town square, movie theatre, city hall, firehouse complete with a steam-powered pump engine, emporium, shops, arcades, double-decker bus, horse-drawn streetcar, jitneys and other bits of memorabilia. At the far end of Main Street, U.S.A. is Sleeping Beauty Castle, and the Plaza hub which is a portal to all the theme lands. This article is about the person himself. ... This is an article about a structure at Disneyland and Hong Kong Disneyland. ...


The design of Main Street, U.S.A. utilizes a process to give the appearance of height called forced perspective. Buildings down Main Street are built at 3/4 scale on the first level, then 5/8 on the second story, and 1/2 scale on the third. Forced perspective is a technique that employs optical illusion to make an object appear farther, closer, larger or smaller than it actually is. ...


Adventureland

Adventureland is designed to be an exotic tropical place in a far-off region of the world. "To create a land that would make this dream reality," said Walt Disney, "we pictured ourselves far from civilization, in the remote jungles of Asia and Africa." Attractions include opening day's Jungle Cruise, the "Temple of the Forbidden Eye" in Indiana Jones Adventure, and Tarzan's Treehouse, which is a conversion of the earlier Swiss Family Robinson Tree House from the Walt Disney film, Swiss Family Robinson. Walt Disney's Enchanted Tiki Room which is located at the entrance to Adventureland is the first feature attraction to employ Audio-Animatronics, a computer synchronization of sound and robotics. This article is about the area in Disney theme parks. ... Box Log Falls, Lamington National Park, Queensland, Australia Jungle usually refers to a dense forest in a hot climate, such as a tropical rainforest. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... The Jungle Cruise is an attraction at the following Disney theme parks: Disneyland, Magic Kingdom, Tokyo Disneyland and Hong Kong Disneyland (under the name Jungle River Cruise). ... Indiana Jones Adventure: Temple of the Forbidden Eye is a dark ride attraction at Disneyland. ... Swiss Family Robinson is a 1960 film adaptation of the Johann David Wyss novel. ... This article is about Walt Disneys Enchanted Tiki Room an attraction at Disneyland park. ... Audio-Animatronics is the registered trademark for a form of robotics created by Walt Disney Imagineering for shows and attractions at Disney theme parks, and subsequently expanded on and used by other companies. ...


New Orleans Square

The Haunted Mansion is patterned after a Southern plantation home.
The Haunted Mansion is patterned after a Southern plantation home.
Main article: New Orleans Square

New Orleans Square is a themed land based on 19th century New Orleans. It was opened to the public on July 24, 1966. Despite its age, it is still very popular with Disneyland guests, being home to two of the park's most popular attractions; Pirates of the Caribbean and The Haunted Mansion. Haunted Mansion at Disneyland, California, 2002 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Haunted Mansion at Disneyland, California, 2002 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... New Orleans Square is a themed land exclusively at Disneyland, and is not at any other Disney park. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... NOLA redirects here. ... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... Pirates of the Caribbean is a dark ride at the Disneyland, Magic Kingdom, Tokyo Disneyland, and Disneyland Paris theme parks. ... This article relates to the theme-park attraction. ...


Frontierland

Frontierland recreates the setting of pioneer days along the American frontier. According to Walt Disney, "All of us have cause to be proud of our country's history, shaped by the pioneering spirit of our forefathers. Our adventures are designed to give you the feeling of having lived, even for a short while, during our country's pioneer days." Frontierland is home to the Pinewood Indians band of animatronics Native Americans, who live on the banks of the Rivers of America. Entertainment and attractions include Fantasmic!, Big Thunder Mountain Railroad, Mark Twain Riverboat, and Sailing Ship Columbia. May 2007 featured the opening of "Pirate's Lair at Tom Sawyer Island". Frontierland is also home to the Golden Horseshoe Saloon, a show palace straight out of the Old West. Currently the comedic troupe "Billy Hill and the Hillbillies" entertain guests on a daily basis. Frontierland is one of the themed lands at the many Magic Kingdom-style parks run by Disney around the world. ... In the United States and Canada the frontier was the term applied until the end of the 19th century to the zone of unsettled land outside the region of existing settlements of European immigrants and their descendants. ... The Pinewood Indians are a tribe of audio-animatronic American Indians from Anaheim, California. ... The Rivers of America is an artificial river found in the Frontierland district of the Magic Kingdom-classed Disney theme parks around the world. ... Fantasmic! is the night-time fireworks and visual hydrotechnic show at Disneyland in California and Disney-MGM Studios, Florida. ... Big Thunder Mountain Railroad is a roller-coaster attraction at the Disneyland, Magic Kingdom, Tokyo Disneyland, and Disneyland Paris theme parks. ... The Mark Twain Riverboat is an attraction, located at the Disneyland theme park in Anaheim, California, on which passengers embark on a scenic, 12-minute journey around the Rivers of America. ... The Sailing Ship Columbia is a a full-scale replica of the first American ship to circumnavigate the globe, located at the Disneyland park in Anaheim, California. ... The Golden Horseshoe Stage (referred to as Pecos Bills Golden Horseshoe Saloon during construction) opened in 1955 with several other original attractions at Disneyland Park in Anaheim, California. ... Billy Hill and the Hillbillies are a musical/variety group at Disneyland in Anaheim, California. ...


Critter Country

Critter Country opened in 1972 as "Bear Country," and was renamed in 1988. Formerly the area was home to Indian Village where actual indigenous tribespeople demonstrated their dances and other customs. Today, the main draw of the area is Splash Mountain, a log-flume journey inspired by the Uncle Remus stories of Joel Chandler Harris and the animated segments of Disney's Academy Award-winning 1946 film, Song of the South. In 2003, a dark ride called The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh replaced the Country Bear Jamboree The Country Bear Jamboree presented shows featuring singing bear characters that were original to Disneyland and were visualized through electronically-controlled and mechanically-animated puppets, known as audio-animatronics. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Splash Mountain is a log flume attraction at three Walt Disney Parks that is based on the controversial 1946 Disney film Song of the South. ... Song of the South is a feature film produced by Walt Disney, released on November 12, 1946 by RKO Radio Pictures and based on the Uncle Remus cycle of stories by Joel Chandler Harris. ... A dark ride or darkride is an indoor amusement ride consisting of a vehicle traveling past animated scenes. ... The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh is a dark ride based upon the film The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh, itself based on the Winnie-the-Pooh books by A. A. Milne. ... The Country Bear Jamboree is an attraction at Magic Kingdom at Walt Disney World in Lake Buena Vista, Florida and at the Tokyo Disneyland theme park at Tokyo Disney Resort in Chiba, Japan, as well as a former attraction at Disneyland in Anaheim, California. ...


Fantasyland

Fantasyland is the area of the Disneyland of which Walt Disney said, "What youngster has not dreamed of flying with Peter Pan over moonlit London, or tumbling into Alice's nonsensical Wonderland? In Fantasyland, these classic stories of everyone's youth have become realities for youngsters - of all ages - to participate in." Fantasyland was originally styled in a fairground fashion, but its 1983 refurbishment turned it into a Bavarian village. Attractions include several dark rides, the King Arthur Carrousel, and various children's rides. Fantasyland is one of the themed lands at the many Magic Kingdom-style parks run by The Walt Disney Company around the world. ... This article is about the play by J.M. Barrie. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... “Alice in Wonderland” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ... A dark ride or darkride is an indoor amusement ride consisting of a vehicle traveling past animated scenes. ... King Arthur Carrousel Carousel at Disneyland. ...


Mickey's Toontown

Tree House in Toontown.
Tree House in Toontown.


Mickey's Toontown opened in 1993 and was partly inspired by the fictional Los Angeles suburb of Toontown in The Walt Disney Studios' 1988 release Who Framed Roger Rabbit. Mickey's Toontown is a 1930s cartoon come-to-life and is home to Disney's most popular cartoon characters. Toontown features two main rides, Gadget's Go Coaster and Roger Rabbit's Car Toon Spin. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (3,648 × 2,736 pixels, file size: 4. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (3,648 × 2,736 pixels, file size: 4. ... Mickeys Toontown is one of the themed lands at the Disneyland park run by The Walt Disney Company. ... Who Framed Roger Rabbit is a 1988 film produced by Amblin Entertainment and The Walt Disney Company (released on its Touchstone Pictures banner), which blends traditional animation and live action. ... Gadgets Go Coaster is a roller coaster at the Disneyland theme park in Anaheim, California and Tokyo Disneyland theme park, located in Urayasu, Chiba, Japan, near Tokyo. ... Roger Rabbits Car Toon Spin is a dark ride at the Disneyland theme park in Anaheim, California and Tokyo Disneyland theme park, located in Urayasu, Chiba, Japan, near Tokyo. ...


Tomorrowland

Tomorrowland after its 1998 refurbishment
Tomorrowland after its 1998 refurbishment
Main article: Tomorrowland

During the 1955 inauguration Walt Disney dedicated Tomorrowland with these words: "Tomorrow can be a wonderful age. Our scientists today are opening the doors of the Space Age to achievements that will benefit our children and generations to come. The Tomorrowland attractions have been designed to give you an opportunity to participate in adventures that are a living blueprint of our future." Download high resolution version (909x682, 231 KB)Tomorrowland Entrance Photographed by LordBleen - March 2002 File links The following pages link to this file: Disneyland Categories: Copyright holder released public domain images ... Download high resolution version (909x682, 231 KB)Tomorrowland Entrance Photographed by LordBleen - March 2002 File links The following pages link to this file: Disneyland Categories: Copyright holder released public domain images ... Tomorrowland is one of the many themed lands at the many Disneyland parks run by The Walt Disney Company around the world. ... The Space Shuttle takes off on a manned mission to space. ...


Disneyland producer Ward Kimball had Rocket scientists Wernher von Braun, Willy Ley, and Heinz Haber as technical consultants during the original design of Tomorrowland.[5] Initial attractions included a Rocket to the Moon; later, the first incarnation of the Submarine Voyage was added. The area underwent a major transformation in 1967 to become New Tomorrowland, and then again in 1998 when its focus was changed to present a "retro-future" theme reminiscent of the illustrations of Jules Verne. Firehouse Five Plus Two LP album cover. ... Rocket Science refers to a number of topics: Rocket Science is the name of an Australian rock band Rocket Science is a musical album by Hugh Blumenfeld rocket science, is the the study of Rockets and rocketry. ... For other uses of von Braun, see von Braun (disambiguation). ... Mission to Mars was an attraction located at Disneyland and at Walt Disney Worlds Magic Kingdom. ... Submarine Voyage, 1995 The Submarine Voyage was an attraction at Disneyland in Anaheim, California. ... This article is about the French author. ...


Current attractions include Space Mountain, Star Tours, and Buzz Lightyear Astro Blasters. Finding Nemo Submarine Voyage opened on June 11, 2007, resurrecting the original Submarine Voyage which closed in 1998 For other Space Mountains, see Space Mountain. ... Star Tours is a simulator ride located in many of the Disney theme parks, including Disneyland in California, Disney-MGM Studios in Florida, Disneyland Park in Paris, and Tokyo Disneyland in Japan. ... Buzz Lightyear Astro Blasters is a popular attraction based on the Disney/Pixar film Toy Story 2 at Walt Disney Parks around the world. ... Finding Nemo Submarine Voyage is an attraction located in the Tomorrowland area of Disneyland Park in Anaheim, California, which opened on June 11, 2007. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


Theatrical Analogy

Disneyland staff use theatrical terminology. This is to emphasize that a visit to the park is intended to be similar to witnessing a performance. For example, visitors are referred to as Guests and park employees as Cast Members. On Stage refers to any area of the Resort that is open to Guests. Backstage refers to any area of the Resort that is closed to Guests. Costume is the attire that Cast Members who perform the day-to-day operations of the park must wear. Terms such as uniform are not used. Show is the Resort's presentation to its Guests, such as the color and façades of buildings, placement of rides/attractions, costumes to match the themed lands. Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ...


The theatrical motif extends to aspects of the park's layout and design. For example, entering the park requires you to pass through one of two tunnels underneath the Main Street Train Station; akin to an opening curtain. The windows above Main Street serve as credits, containing names of key people who worked on the park. Each of the lands was originally presented as a unique act, with transitions between lands much like transitions between scenes in theatre or film


Backstage

Backstage areas include closed areas of attraction, store, and restaurant buildings, as well as outdoor service areas located behind such buildings. Although some areas of the park, particularly New Orleans Square, have underground operations and storage areas, there is no park-wide network of subterranean tunnels , such as Walt Disney World's utilidors. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Common utility duct. ...


There are several points of entry from outside the park to the backstage areas: Ball Gate (from Ball Road), T.D.A. Gate (adjacent to the Team Disney Anaheim building), Harbor Pointe (from Harbor Boulevard), and Winston Gate (from Disneyland Drive).


Berm Road encircles the park from Firehouse Gate (behind the Main Street Fire Station) to Egghouse Gate (adjacent to the Disneyland Opera House). The road is so called because it generally follows outside the path of Disneyland's berm. A stretch of the road, wedged between Tomorrowland and Harbor Boulevard, is called Schumacher Road. It has two narrow lanes and runs underneath the Monorail track. There are also two railroad bridges that cross Berm Road: one behind City Hall and the other behind Tomorrowland. Look up Berm in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Major buildings backstage include the Frank Gehry-designed Team Disney Anaheim, where most of the division's administration currently works, as well as the Old Administration Building, behind Tomorrowland. The Old Administration Building additionally houses the Grand Canyon and Primeval World dioramas visible on the Disneyland Railroad. Frank Owen Gehry, CC (born Ephraim Owen Goldberg, February 28, 1929) is a Pritzker Prize winning architect based in Los Angeles, California. ... There are three buildings in the United States which carry the Team Disney title. ...


The north-west corner of the park is home to most of the park's maintenance facilities, including:

  • Company vehicle services, including Parking Lot trams and Main Street Vehicles
  • Scrap yard, where the Resort's garbage and recyclables are sorted for collection
  • Circle D Corral, where the Resort's horses and other animals are stabled
  • Parade float storage and maintenance
  • Distribution center for all Resort merchandise
  • Ride vehicle service areas
  • Paint shop
  • Sign shop

Backstage also refers to parts of show buildings that are normally not seen by guests. Backstage areas are generally off-limits to park guests. This prevents guests from seeing the industrial areas that violate the "magic" of on-stage and keeps them safe from the potentially dangerous machinery. Cast members can also find some solace while they work or rest, as backstage offers alternate routes between the park's various areas.


Many attractions are housed in large, soundstage-like buildings, some of which are partially or completely disguised by external theming. Generally, these buildings are painted a dull green color in areas not seen by guests; ostensibly, this choice has been made to help disguise the buildings among the foliage and make them less visually obtrusive. Most of them have off-white flat roofs that support HVAC units and footpaths for cast members. Inside are the rides, as well as hidden walkways, service areas, control rooms, and other behind-the-scenes operations. Photography is forbidden in these areas, both inside and outside, although some photos have found their way to a variety of web sites. Guests who attempt to explore backstage are warned and often escorted from the property. Flat roofs in Israel A flat roof is a type of covering of a building. ...


The boundary between on and off-stage is demarcated at every access point. Everything within guest view when a door or gateway is open is also considered on stage. It is from this point, that characters start playing their part. That way, when the door is open, guests will not accidentally see a person out of character backstage.


Various amenities exist for Cast Members backstage when they are on breaks, or before and after their scheduled shifts. A number of cafeterias, now run by Sodexho, offer discounted meals throughout the day. These include Inn Between (behind the Plaza Inn), Eat Ticket (near the Team Disney Anaheim building behind Mickey's Toontown), and Westside Diner (located in a lower level beneath New Orleans Square). Partners Federal Credit Union, the credit union for employees of The Walt Disney Company in Orange County, provides nearly 20 ATMs backstage for cast member use and maintains an express branch at the Team Disney Anaheim building. Partners Federal Credit Union is a federally chartered credit union with corporate headquarters in Anaheim, California. ... Cities in Orange County Orange County is a county in Southern California, United States. ...


Transportation

Walt Disney had a longtime interest in transportation, and trains in particular. He even built a miniature live steam backyard railroad, the "Carolwood Pacific Railroad", on the grounds of his Holmby Hills estate. Throughout all the iterations of Disneyland during the seventeen or so years when Mr. Disney was conceiving it, one element remained constant: a train encircling the park.[6] The primary designer for the park transportation vehicles was Bob Gurr who gave himself the title of "Director of Special Vehicle Design" in 1954. A Live Steam Festival displaying equipment ranging from small stationary engines to full-size locomotives. ... A backyard railroad, with a 4-4-0 locomotive in 1:8 scale, on a portable track. ... Walter Elias Disney, (1901-1966), founder of Disneyland and the Walt Disney Company, seen here in the cab of the at Main Street Station. ... Holmby Hills is a neighborhood in western Los Angeles, California. ... Robert Henry Gurr (born 1931) is an American amusement ride designer and Imagineer. ...


Disneyland Railroad

Disneyland Railroad engine #2.
Disneyland Railroad engine #2.
Main article: Disneyland Railroad

Encircling Disneyland and providing a grand circle tour is the Disneyland Railroad, a short-line railway consisting of five oil-fired and steam-powered locomotives, in addition to three passenger trains and one passenger-carrying freight train. Originally known as the Disneyland and Santa Fe Railroad, the D.R.R. was presented by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway until 1974. From 1955 to 1974, the Santa Fe Rail Pass was able to be used in lieu of a Disneyland "D" coupon. Laid to three-foot gauge, the most common narrow gauge measurement used in North America, the track runs in a continuous loop around The Magic Kingdom through each of its realms. Each turn-of-the-19th-Century train departs Main Street Station on an excursion that includes scheduled station stops at: Frontierland Station; Toontown Depot, the gateway to Fantasyland; and, Tomorrowland Station. The Grand Circle Tour then concludes with a visit to the "Grand Canyon/Primeval World" dioramas before returning passengers to Main Street, U.S.A. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 726 KB) Summary Photo by Judy Bogart circa 2004. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 726 KB) Summary Photo by Judy Bogart circa 2004. ... The Disneyland Railroad (DRR) is a narrow gauge railroad located at Disneyland in Anaheim, California, United States, that was inaugurated on that theme parks opening day, July 17, 1955. ... The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway (AAR reporting marks ATSF), often abbreviated as Santa Fe, was one of the largest railroads in the United States. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... Comparison of standard gauge (blue) and one common narrow gauge (red) width. ... This article is about the canyon in the southwestern United States. ... This article, image, template or category should belong in one or more categories. ...


Disneyland Monorail System

Monorail Blue travels over the former Submarine Voyage ride which is now the Finding Nemo Submarine Voyage in Tomorrowland.
Monorail Blue travels over the former Submarine Voyage ride which is now the Finding Nemo Submarine Voyage in Tomorrowland.

One of Disneyland's signature attractions is its monorail service, which opened in Tomorrowland in 1959 as the first daily-operating monorail train system in the Western Hemisphere. The monorail guideway has remained almost exactly the same since 1961, aside from small alterations while Indiana Jones Adventure was being built. Four generations of monorail trains have been used in the park, since their lightweight construction means they wear out quickly. The most recent generation, the Mark V, was installed in 1987 when more modern trains built by Ride & Show Engineering eliminated the old ALWEG Buck Rogers-style trains. The next update will be in 2008, when the Mark VII trains are slated to be installed. The monorail shuttles visitors between two stations, one inside the park in Tomorrowland and one in Downtown Disney. It follows a 2.5 mile (4 km) long route designed to show the park from above. The Disneyland Monorail System is an attraction and transportation system at the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Submarine Voyage, 1995 The Submarine Voyage was an attraction at Disneyland in Anaheim, California. ... Finding Nemo Submarine Voyage is an attraction located in the Tomorrowland area of Disneyland Park in Anaheim, California, which opened on June 11, 2007. ... The KL Monorail in Kuala Lumpur, a colorful straddle-beam monorail A monorail is a single rail serving as a track for a wheeled vehicle; also, a vehicle traveling on such a track. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The geographical western hemisphere of Earth, highlighted in yellow. ... ALWEG was a transportation company known for pioneering straddle-beam monorails. ... Buck Rogers is a fictional pulp character who first appeared in 1928 as Anthony Rogers, the hero of two novellas by Philip Francis Nowlan published in the magazine Amazing Stories. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (common) era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ...


The original destination of the monorail was the Disneyland Hotel. With the creation of Downtown Disney in 2001, the new destination was Downtown Disney, instead of the Disneyland Hotel. The physical location of the monorail station did not change, however the terminal was now separated from the hotel by several Downtown Disney buildings, including ESPN Zone and the Rainforest Café.


Main Street vehicles

All vehicles that are found on Main Street were designed to accurately reflect turn-of-the-century vehicles, including a double-decker bus, a horse-drawn streetcar, a fire engine, and an automobile. They are available for one-way rides along Main Street, U.S.A. The horseless carriages are modeled after cars built in 1903. They are two cylinder, four horsepower (3 kW) engines with manual transmission and steering. Walt Disney used it to drive the fire engine around the park before it opened, on most mornings. It has also been used to host celebrity guests and used in the parades. A London AEC Routemaster, RML 2473 (JJD 473D), on route 7 approaching Ladbroke Grove tube station in April 2002. ... a historic postcard showing electric trolley-powered streetcars in Richmond, Virginia, where Frank J. Sprague successfully demonstrated his new system on the hills in 1888 A streetcar is a railway vehicle designed to carry passengers on tracks, usually laid in city streets. ...


Entertainment

In addition to the attractions, Disneyland provides live entertainment throughout the park.


Characters

Disney characters, who greet visitors, interact with children, and pose for photos, can be found wandering the park. Some characters have specific areas where they are scheduled to appear, but also can be found wandering as well. One reason Mickey's Toontown was created was so that there would be a place for Mickey Mouse to always be available to greet guests in his own house.


Periodically through recent decades (and most recently during the summers of 2005 and 2006), Mickey Mouse has climbed the Matterhorn attraction several times a day with the support of his friends Minnie, Goofy, and some Disneyland guests. Other mountain climbers could also be seen on the Matterhorn from time to time. As of Spring 2007, Mickey and his "toon" friends no longer climb the Matterhorn but the climbing program continues.


Daily ceremonies

Every evening at dusk, there is a flag ceremony to lower the American Flag for the day. Flag ratio: 7:12; nicknames: Stars and Stripes, Old Glory The flag of the United States of America consists of thirteen equal horizontal stripes of red (top and bottom) alternating with white; there is a blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner bearing 50 small, white, five-pointed stars...


The Disneyland Band

The Disneyland Band, which has been part of the park since its opening, plays the role of the Town Band on Main Street, U.S.A. It also breaks out into smaller groups like the Main Street Strawhatters, the Hook and Ladder Co., and the Pearly Band in Fantasyland. Fantasyland is one of the themed lands at the many Magic Kingdom-style parks run by The Walt Disney Company around the world. ...


Fantasmic!

Fantasmic! is a popular multimedia nighttime show hosted by Mickey Mouse which debuted in 1992. The presentation is made at the Laffite's Tavern end of Pirate's Lair at Tom Sawyer Island and uses the Rivers of America as part of the stage. It uses Frontierland and New Orleans Square as the spectator arena. Fantasmic! is the night-time fireworks and visual hydrotechnic show at Disneyland in California and Disney-MGM Studios, Florida. ... Mickey Mouse is an Academy Award-winning comic animal cartoon character who has become an icon for The Walt Disney Company. ...


It consists of synchronized lighting and special effects, with floating barges, the Mark Twain Riverboat, the Sailing Ship Columbia, fountains, lasers, fireworks, thirty-foot-tall "mist screens" upon which animated scenes are projected, and an automated forty-five foot fire-breathing dragon.


Fireworks

Remember...Dreams Come True fireworks show at night.

Elaborate fireworks shows synchronized with Disney songs and often an appearance by Peter Pan's character Tinker Bell. Recent presentations have become more elaborate, featuring new pyrotechnics, launch techniques and story lines. In 2004, Disneyland introduced a new air launch pyrotechnics system, reducing ground level smoke and noise and decreasing negative environmental impacts. At the time the technology debuted, Disney announced it would donate the patents to a non-profit organization for use throughout the industry. [7] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 417 KB)Taken by ClonedPickle on August 12, 2005 at Disneyland. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 417 KB)Taken by ClonedPickle on August 12, 2005 at Disneyland. ... Peter Pan is the fourteenth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... For other uses, see Tinker Bell (disambiguation). ...

During the Holiday Season, there is a special fireworks presentation called Believe... In Holiday Magic which has been running since 2000, except for a short hiatus in 2005 during the park's 50th Celebration. Fantasy in the Sky is a fireworks performance at Disneyland Paris in Marne-la-Vallee, France. ... Believe. ... Imagine. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Believe. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Golden Horseshoe Revue

The Golden Horseshoe Saloon offers a live stage show with a frontier or old-west feel. The Golden Horseshoe Revue is an old-west Vaudeville type of show starring Slue Foot (or Sluefoot) Sue and Pecos Bill. It ran until the mid-1980s, when it was replaced by a similar show starring Lily Langtree (or Miss Lily) and Sam the Bartender. Most recently, Billy Hill and the Hillbillies have played their guitars and banjos in a bluegrass-and-comedy show. The cowboy, the quintessential symbol of the American Old West, circa 1887. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Banjo (disambiguation) The banjo is a stringed instrument developed by enslaved Africans in the United States, adapted from several African instruments. ...


Additionally, in front of the Golden Horsehose Saloon, The Laughing Stock Co. enacts small humorous skits with an old-west theme.


Parades

The Parade of the Stars in Disneyland (2000-2005).
The Parade of the Stars in Disneyland (2000-2005).

Disneyland has always had parades that have marched down Main Street. There are several daytime and nighttime parades that celebrate Disney films or seasonal holidays with characters, music, and large floats. One of the most popular parades was the Main Street Electrical Parade (now at Disney's California Adventure as Disney's Electrical Parade). Debuting in May 2005 as part of the Disneyland's 50th Anniversary, Walt Disney's Parade of Dreams is presented, celebrating several of the classic Disney stories including The Lion King, The Little Mermaid, Alice in Wonderland, and Pinocchio. During the holiday season, Disneyland presents "A Christmas Fantasy" Parade which celebrates the joy & wonder of the holiday season. Download high resolution version (900x610, 190 KB)The Disney characters parade in Disneyland. ... Download high resolution version (900x610, 190 KB)The Disney characters parade in Disneyland. ... The Main Street Electrical Parade is a regularly-scheduled parade, created by Bob Jani, famous for its long run at Disneyland at the Disneyland Resort most summers between 1972-1975, 1977-1982, and 1984-1996. ... Walt Disneys Parade of Dreams premiered on May 5, 2005 as part of the Happiest Homecoming on Earth, celebrating the 50th anniversary of Disneyland in California. ... This article is about Disneys 1994 film. ... The Little Mermaid is a 1989 animated feature film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation and first released on November 15, 1989 by Walt Disney Pictures. ... Alice in Wonderland is a 1951 animated feature film produced by Walt Disney Productions and originally released to cinemas on July 28, 1951 by RKO Radio Pictures. ... For other uses, see Pinocchio (disambiguation). ...


Tomorrowland Terrace

The Tomorrowland Terrace is a stage in Tomorrowland. It is a two story stage where the lower stage rises from below with dramatic effect. It was popular in the 1960s with music performers of the day. Over the years, it was eventually replaced with Club Buzz, a Buzz Lightyear themed stage and show featuring the space character from the Toy Story movies. In 2006, it was restored to the Tomorrowland Terrace with the same style and design as the original. It is now home to the Jedi Training Academy interactive stage show where children are chosen as Jedi padawan and taught how to use a Lightsaber. Each child then has the opportunity to face either Darth Vader or Darth Maul. Recently, local bands have returned to play in the evenings, just as Tomorrowland Terrace hosted in the 1960s. Buzz andyandy Lightyear (born Buzz Bundy Lightyear on May 26, 1995) is a fictional character that first appeared in the CGI animated film Toy Story, and its sequel Toy Story 2. ... Toy Story is an Academy-award-winning CGI animated feature film produced by Pixar Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures and Buena Vista Distribution in the United States on November 22, 1995, and Australia on December 7, 1995, as well as in the United Kingdom on 22 March... Jedi Training Academy is a live stage show currently being performed at the Tomorrowland Terrace Stage at Disneyland Park. ... Jedi Knights and Jedi Knight redirect here. ... This article is about the weapon in Star Wars. ... Darth Vader is the central character in the Star Wars universe. ... Darth Maul is a fictional character in the Star Wars universe. ...


Other performers

Various other unscheduled street performers play and sing throughout the park, including:

  • The various Main Street Piano Player play at Corner Cafe, also known as "Coke Corner" on Main Street;
  • The Dapper Dans barbershop quartet often sings on Main Street;
  • The Firehouse Five Plus Two was originally a band comprised of WED Imagineers can be found on Main Street. The Firehouse Five began at the peak of the California revival of traditional jazz - owing as much to vaudeville as it does to New Orleans jazz, it invoked the spirit of America's early popular music;
  • Various bands in New Orleans Square, often with a jazz influence;
  • The Bootstrappers, a band of pirates that performs songs based on Pirates of the Caribbean, along with other sea-shanties;
  • The Trash Can Trio, a STOMP like group that performs using trashcans in Tomorrowland;
  • Merlin, appears in Fantasyland several times a day to help some lucky child pull the sword from an anvil and stone; and
  • Alice in Wonderland characters staging a wacky game of "Musical Chairs" either at "Coke Corner" or the porch of the Plaza Inn daily.

During the summer months, the All-American College Band performs around the park. The band is comprised of talented college students who audition for the chance to perform in Disneyland. The Dapper Dans are a barbershop quartet that performs at the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California, and at the Walt Disney World Resort in Orlando, Florida. ... Firehouse Five Plus Two LP album cover. ... WED Enterprises (WED), was formed by movie mogul Walt Disney on December 16, 1952 to develop plans for a theme park and to manage Disneys personal assets. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Merlin Ambrosius (Welsh: Myrddin Emrys (Merlin the Wise); also known as Myrddin Wyllt (Merlin the Wild), Merlin Caledonensis (Scottish Merlin), Merlinus, and Merlyn) is the personage best known as the mighty wizard featured in Arthurian legends, starting with Geoffrey of Monmouths Historia Regum Britanniae. ... Wikibooks [[wikibooks:|]] has more about this subject: The Sword in the Stone This article is about the novel. ... Alice sings All in the Golden Afternoon with a garden of flowers in this scene from Walt Disneys 1951 animated feature Alice in Wonderland. ...


Also, during the Holidays, many other smaller entertainment offerings are added, such as the Main Street Carolers who perform throughout the day.


Tickets

From Disneyland's opening day until 1982, the price of the attractions was in-addition to the price of park admission.[8] Park-goers paid a small admission fee to get into the park, but in order to be admitted to most of the rides and attractions they would purchase a book of tickets that consisted of several coupons, initially labeled "A" through "D". The coupons were also sold individually. "A" coupons allowed admission to the smaller rides and attractions such as the vehicles on Main Street, whereas "C" coupons were used for the most common attractions like the Peter Pan ride, or the Tea Cups. As more thrilling rides were introduced, such as the Monorail or the Matterhorn bobsled, "D" and then eventually "E" coupons were introduced. From the thrill ride experience at Disneyland, the colloquial expression "an E ticket ride" is used to describe any exceptionally thrilling experience. Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... An E-ticket or e-ticket is the shorthand term for electronic tickets that were introduced in the 1990s. ...

Disneyland ticket book circa 1975-1977. The tickets are actually printed as "coupons".
Disneyland ticket book circa 1975-1977. The tickets are actually printed as "coupons".

Later Disneyland featured a "Keys to the Kingdom" booklet of tickets which consisted of 10 unvalued coupons sold for a single flat rate. These coupons could be used for any attraction regardless of its regular value. Obviously it would behove the buyer to use these for the most thrilling attractions or rides. Disneyland ticket book circa 1975-1977 See also Image of E ticket Elf | Talk File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Disneyland ticket book circa 1975-1977 See also Image of E ticket Elf | Talk File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


In 1982 Disney dropped the idea for individual ride tickets to a single admission price with unlimited access to all attractions, "except shooting galleries" . [9] While this idea was not original to Disney, its business advantages were obvious: in addition to guaranteeing that everyone paid a large sum even if they stayed for only a few hours and rode only a few rides, the park no longer had to print tickets or ticket books, staff ticket booths, or provide staff to collect tickets or monitor attractions for people sneaking on without tickets. Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ...


Later Disney introduced other entry options such as multi-day passes, Annual Passes which allow unlimited entry to the Park for an annual fee and Southern California residents' discounts.

One-Day, One-Park, Adult Admission Prices over time
Year 1981* 1982 1984 1985 1986 1987 1990 1991 1993 1994
Price US$ $10.75 $12.00 $14.00 $17.95 $18.00 $21.50 $25.50 $27.50 $28.75 $31.00
Month & Year Jan 1999 Jan 2000 Nov 2000 Mar 2002 Jan 2003 Mar 2004 Jan 2005 Jun 2005 Jan 2006 Sep 2006 Sep 2007
Price US$ $39.00 $41.00 $43.00 $45.00 $47.00 $49.75 $53.00 $56.00 $59.00 $63.00 $66.00

 * previous to 1982 passport tickets were available to groups only. [10] The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ...


Fastpass

A Fastpass from 2002.
A Fastpass from 2002.

In 1999, in an effort to offset the long waits for the most popular attractions, Disney implemented a new service named Fastpass [11]. At attractions featuring Fastpass, a guest can use their park admission ticket to obtain a Fastpass ticket with a return time later that day printed on it. If the guest returns to the attraction at their return time, they can wait in a shorter line and typically be on the attraction within ten minutes. Initially, only a few attractions offered this service, but its popularity has meant that the list of Fastpass equipped attractions has changed over time. Disneyland Fast Pass Elf | Talk 20:48, 15 Jan 2005 (UTC) Jan 2005 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Disneyland Fast Pass Elf | Talk 20:48, 15 Jan 2005 (UTC) Jan 2005 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Fastpass logo Fastpass is a virtual queuing system created by The Walt Disney Company. ... Fastpass is an innovation from The Walt Disney Company to allow guests to skip past long lines at its theme parks. ...


Closures

Disneyland Park has only had three unscheduled closures since it opened in 1955:

Additionally, planned closures included: For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... President Kennedy with his wife, Jacqueline, and Texas Governor John Connally in the presidential limousine just moments before his assassination The assassination of John F. Kennedy, the thirty-fifth President of the United States, took place on Friday, November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas, USA at 12:30 p. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Yippie flag, ca. ... Bank of America (NYSE: BAC TYO: 8648) is the largest commercial bank in the United States in terms of deposits, and the largest company of its kind in the world. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly...

  • In the early years, the park was often scheduled to be closed on Mondays and Tuesdays during the off-season. [16] This was in cooperation with nearby Knott's Berry Farm, which closed on Wednesdays and Thursdays to keep costs down for both parks, while offering Orange County visitors a place to go 7 days a week.
  • On May 4, 2005 for the 50th Anniversary Celebration media event.[17]
  • Due to various special events, the park has closed unusually early to accommodate them, such as, special press events, tour groups, VIP groups, private parties, etc. It was common for a corporation to rent the entire park for the evening. The corporation's guests would be issued special passes, which were good for admission to all rides and attractions. In the late afternoon, park employees would announce that the park was closing, then clear the park of everyone without the special corporate passes.

Knotts Berry Farm is a brand name of two separate entities: a theme park in Buena Park, California, and a manufacturer of food specialty products (primarily jams and preserves) based in Placentia, California. ... is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Management

The senior executives oversee the entire Disneyland Resort, which includes Disneyland Park.


Ed Grier is president of the Disneyland Resort; Ed Grier is president of the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California, which is comprised of the Disneyland and Disneys California Adventure theme parks, the Disneyland Hotel, Disneys Grand Californian Hotel, Disneys Paradise Pier Hotel, and the Downtown Disney entertainment district. ...

Grier is assisted by several experienced theme park managers, including senior vice president of operations Greg Emmer and vice president of theme park operations Jon Storbeck. Allen R. Al Weiss is president of worldwide operations for Walt Disney Parks and Resorts, the division of The Walt Disney Company that operates nine theme parks and multiple resort hotels at four sites around the world (two theme parks in California, four in Florida, two in France, and one... Disney Parks Worldwide logo Walt Disney Parks and Resorts is the division of The Walt Disney Company that conceives, builds and manages the companys theme parks and vacation resorts, as well as a variety of additional family-oriented leisure enterprises. ... Jay Rasulo is the chairman of Walt Disney Parks and Resorts worldwide. ... Disney Parks Worldwide logo Walt Disney Parks and Resorts is the division of The Walt Disney Company that conceives, builds and manages the companys theme parks and vacation resorts, as well as a variety of additional family-oriented leisure enterprises. ... Robert Bob Iger is the President and COO of the Walt Disney Company and Michael Eisners hand_picked successor as CEO. Previously he served as President and COO of Capital Cities/ABC until that companys merger with Disney. ... Disney redirects here. ... Greg Emmer is the Sr. ...


On a minute-to-minute basis, the parks are run by stage managers, who are identified by their radio call signs. These managers respond to situations throughout the park and are empowered to open backstage areas for crowd control purposes, close specific locations, or even close the entire park.

  • Theme Park One is Disneyland's senior on-the-ground manager, a position which rotates among a group of managers in the resort's Theme Park Operations department.
  • Theme Park Two is Disney's California Adventure's equivalent to Theme Park One

Guest service managers from the park's several business units, including Attractions, Custodial, Foods, Merchandise, and Security, report to the Department Director who in turn reports to Theme Park One, and are given call signs such as Attractions One or Merch One. Various assistant managers, in turn, report to their business unit's duty manager, and carry call signs such as River One (the manager in charge of the Critter Country and New Orleans Square rides). As of 2007, most Departments have only one manager with the others being Assistant Managers or TAs (Managers in Training).


Ranking structure

  1. Director of Department
  2. Area Manager
  3. Manager
  4. Assistant Manager
  5. Lead
  6. Trainer
  7. Cast Member

Past presidents

Jack Lindquist (b. ... Paul Pressler was the president and CEO of Gap, Inc. ... Cynthia Harriss is an American retail and tourism industry executive, most noteable for her senior roles with Gap Inc. ... Matt Ouimet (born 1958) is a Graduate of Unatego Junior Senior High School in Otego, NY and is the president of the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California. ...

See also

// This is a summary of notable incidents that have taken place at various Disney-owned theme parks, amusement parks, or water parks. ... This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... Disneyland is a theme park within the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California conceived by Walt Disney. ... Disneyland is a theme park in Anaheim, California conceived by Walt Disney. ... The Castle at Nara Dreamland Nara Dreamland ) was a theme park near Nara, Japan which was built in 1961 and inspired by Disneyland in California. ... Beijing Shijingshan Amusement Park (北京石景山游乐园) ( , , ) is a theme park located in the Shijingshan District of Beijing, China. ...

References

  1. ^ Wave file of dedication speech.
  2. ^ Walt Disney Family Museum, Dreaming of Disneyland.
  3. ^ Standford Alumni, Harrison Price and Just Disney History
  4. ^ Disneyland's History, JustDisney.com.
  5. ^ Article on Von Braun and Walt Disney. NASA.
  6. ^ Walt Disney Family Museum, Dreaming of Disneyland.
  7. ^ http://corporate.disney.go.com/environmentality/press_releases/2004/2004_0628.html
  8. ^ Walt Disney Productions (1979). Disneyland: The First Quarter Century. ASIN B000AOTTV2-1. 
  9. ^ Pacific Ocean Park is credited as being the first amusement park to use this method [1]
  10. ^ 1981-1994 data: Collection of tickets. finddisney.com.
  11. ^ Fastpass http://disneyland.disney.go.com/disneyland/en_US/help/gsDetail?name=FastPassGSDetailPage&bhcp=1
  12. ^ http://www.anaheim.net/article.asp?id=672
  13. ^ http://www.studiolo.org/Email/DISNEY.htm
  14. ^ http://dannysland.blogspot.com/2005_12_18_archive.html
  15. ^ http://www.islandnet.com/~kpolsson/disnehis/disn1970.htm
  16. ^ http://gocalifornia.about.com/od/cadisneyland/a/history.htm
  17. ^ http://www.dizhub.com/dh50threport.htm

Vintage postcard circa 1959 showing the entrance plaza of Pacific Ocean Park Pacific Ocean Park was an twenty-eight acre (110,000 m²), nautical-themed amusement park built on a pier at Santa Monica, California which was intended to compete with Disneyland. ...

Further reading

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • Official Disneyland park webpage
  • Bright, Randy (1987). Disneyland: Inside Story. Harry N Abrams. ISBN 0-8109-0811-5. 
  • France, Van Arsdale (1991). Window on Main Street. Stabur. ISBN 0-941613-17-8. 
  • Gordon, Bruce and David Mumford (1995). Disneyland: The Nickel Tour. Camphor Tree Publishers. ISBN 0-9646059-0-2. 
  • Dunlop, Beth (1996). Building a Dream: The Art of Disney Architecture. Harry N. Abrams Inc.. ISBN 0-8109-3142-7. 
  • Marling, ed., Karal Ann (1997). Designing Disney's Theme Parks: The Architecture of Reassurance. Flammarion. ISBN 2-08-013639-9. 
  • Koenig, David (1994). Mouse Tales: A Behind-the-Ears Look at Disneyland. Bonaventure Press. ISBN 0-9640605-5-8. 
  • Koenig, David (1999). More Mouse Tales: A Closer Peek Backstage at Disneyland. Bonaventure Press. ISBN 0-9640605-7-4. 

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

External links

Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

Aerial photos


  Results from FactBites:
 
Disneyland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (6819 words)
Disneyland Park was partially inspired by Tivoli Gardens (built in 1843 in Copenhagen, Denmark), Greenfield Village (built in 1929 in Dearborn, Michigan), and Children's Fairyland (built in 1950 in Oakland, California).
Disneyland Park was opened to the public on Monday, July 18, 1955.
Disneyland Park stayed closed for a short time after the attacks of September 11, 2001, out of respect for the time of national mourning and out of fear of further attacks directed at high-profile targets such as the park.
Hong Kong Disneyland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3105 words)
Adventureland in Hong Kong Disneyland is the biggest one among all the Disneyland parks.
Although the park is the smallest Disneyland in the world, the construction of Phase 1 Extension that has been started will bring three new attractions to the park by summer 2006, they are Autopia, Stitch Encounter, and UFO Cool Zone.
Hong Kong Disneyland had the shortest construction period from the start to the opening day among all the Disneyland-style theme parks (possibly because it is the smallest one).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m