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Encyclopedia > Disinformation

Disinformation is the deliberate dissemination of false information. It may include the distribution of forged documents, manuscripts, and photographs, or propagation of malicious rumours and fabricated intelligence. In the context of espionage or military intelligence, it is the deliberate spreading of false information to mislead an enemy as to one's position or course of action. It also includes the distortion of true information in such a way as to render it useless. Look up disinformation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Forgery is the process of making or adapting objects or documents (see false document), with the intention to deceive. ... Look up fabrication in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Spy and Secret agent redirect here. ... Military intelligence (abbreviated MI, int. ...


Disinformation techniques may also be found in commerce and government, used by one group to try to undermine the position of a competitor. It in fact is the act of deception and blatant false statements to convince someone of an untruth. Cooking-the-books might be considered a disinformation strategy that led to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. Creative accounting and earnings management are euphemisms referring to accounting practices that may or may not follow the letter of the rules of standard accounting practices but certainly deviate from the spirit of those rules. ... Before the signing ceremony of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, President George Bush meets with Senator Paul Sarbanes, Secretary of Labor Elaine Chao and other dignitaries in the Blue Room at the White House on July 30, 2002. ...


Unlike traditional propaganda and Big Lie techniques designed to engage emotional support, disinformation is designed to manipulate the audience at the rational level by either discrediting conflicting information or supporting false conclusions. For other uses, see Propaganda (disambiguation). ... Big Lie is a propaganda technique, defined by Adolf Hitler in his 1925 autobiography Mein Kampf as a lie so colossal that no one would believe that someone could have the impudence to distort the truth so infamously.[page # needed] // It is often erroneously claimed or implied Hitler had advocated...


Another technique of concealing facts, or censorship, is also used if the group can aefect such control. When channels of information cannot be completely closed, they can be rendered useless by filling them with disinformation, effectively lowering their signal-to-noise ratio. For other uses, see Censor. ... Signal-to-noise ratio (often abbreviated SNR or S/N) is an electrical engineering concept defined as the ratio of a signal power to the noise power corrupting the signal. ...


The Cold War made disinformation a recognized military and political tactic, though disinformation is generally more subtle and designed to remain unnoticed by the target audience. For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ...


Disinformation should not be confused with misinformation, which is not deliberate; i.e., the person or news source forwarding the information doesn't know it's not true and/or actually believes it; thus, disinformation can be relayed as misinformation if the one relaying the message is not aware that the originator of the message deliberately manufactured false information and offered it up for distribution. Whether the target of such an attack is to mislead the end user of the information or if the disinformation is meant to destroy the credibility of those gullible enough to relay it (usually news agencies) and not really caring what damage it does to the ultimate recipient must be judged on a per-case basis. Also, disinformation can refer to the act of disseminating misinformation. Misinformation is information that is incorrect, but not because of a deliberate attempt to mislead. ... Automotive style miniature relay A relay is an electrical switch that opens and closes under the control of another electrical circuit. ... In journalism, news agencies are bodies established to supply news reports to newspapers, magazines, and radio and television broadcasters. ...

Contents

Examples of disinformation

A classic example of disinformation was during the World War II, preceding the D-Day landings, in what would be known as Operation Fortitude. British intelligence convinced the German Armed Forces that a much larger invasion force was about to cross the English Channel from Kent, England. In reality, the Normandy landings were the main attempt at establishing a beachhead, made easier by the German Command's reluctance to commit its armies. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Land on Normandy In military parlance, D-Day is a term often used to denote the day on which a combat attack or operation is to be initiated. ... Operation Fortitude was the codename for the deception operations used by the Allied forces during World War II in connection with the Normandy landings (Operation Overlord). ... For the Thoroughbred racehorse of the same name, see English Channel (horse). ... For other uses, see Kent (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Normandy (disambiguation). ... A beachhead is a military term used to describe the line created when a unit (by sea) reaches a beach, and begins to defend that area of beach, while other reinforcements (hopefully) help out, until a unit large enough to begin advancing has arrived. ...


An example of CIA disinformation was a pornographic movie made in the 1960s with an actor pretending to be President Sukarno of Indonesia. It was meant to undermine Mr. Sukarno with Muslims.[1] The CIA Seal The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an American intelligence agency, responsible for obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals, and reporting such information to the various branches of the U.S. Government. ... Sukarno (June 6, 1901 – June 21, 1970) was the first President of Indonesia. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ...


When the Central Intelligence Agency learned of Soviet industrial espionage in the Farewell Dossier, they used disinformation to sabotage the Soviet economy using that stolen information, such as a logic bomb in stolen oil pipeline software to cause a massive explosion in the system. “CIA” redirects here. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Competitive Intelligence. ... The Farewell Dossier was a collection of documents containing intelligence gathered and handed over to NATO by the KGB defector Colonel Vladimir Vetrov (code-named Farewell) in 1981-1982, during the Cold War. ... For other uses, see Sabotage (disambiguation). ... A logic bomb is a piece of code intentionally inserted into a software system that will set off a malicious function when specified conditions are met. ... An elevated section of the Alaska Pipeline Pipeline transport is a transportation of goods through a tube. ... Computer software (or simply software) refers to one or more computer programs and data held in the storage of a computer for some purpose. ...


In 1986, national security adviser John Poindexter wrote for President Reagan a "disinformation program" aimed at destabilizing Libya's Colonel Muammar al-Gaddafi by false reports in the foreign press about an impending conflict between the two countries. However the false information eventually reached The Wall Street Journal - a phenomenon known in the trade as blowback. [1] Rear Admiral John Poindexter USN (Ret. ... Muammar Abu Minyar al-Gaddafi1 (Arabic:   ) (born c. ... The Wall Street Journal (WSJ) is an international daily newspaper published by Dow Jones & Company in New York City, New York, USA, with Asian and European editions, and a worldwide daily circulation of more than 2 million as of 2006, with 931,000 paying online subscribers. ... Blowback is a term now broadly used in espionage to describe the unintended consequences of covert operations. ...


FUD (Fear, uncertainty and doubt) is a good example from business that relates to marketing techniques. Kenneth Lay's appeal about the value of Enron stock may be another example. Fear, uncertainty, and doubt (FUD) is a sales or marketing strategy of disseminating negative (and vague) information on a competitors product. ... For the magazine, see Marketing (magazine). ... Kenneth Lee Ken Lay (April 15, 1942 – July 5, 2006) was an American businessman, best known for his role in the widely-reported corruption scandal that led to the downfall of Enron Corporation. ... Enron Creditors Recovery Corporation (formerly Enron Corporation) (former NYSE ticker symbol: ENE) was an American energy company based in Houston, Texas. ...


On August 24, 2007, ninemsn Australia reported the Australian Government's Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet and Department of Defence making upwards of 5126 edits to Wikipedia articles about John Howard, the 9/11 Truth Movement, and Vietnam War-era Pentagon Papers. The article was based on information taken from the website Wikiscanner. The article stated the Prime Minister's "departmental staff have been caught editing Wikipedia to remove details that might be damaging to the government". [2] is the 236th day of the year (237th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... ninemsn is a 50/50 joint venture between Microsoft and Publishing and Broadcasting Limited (PBL) . It effectively acts as the website for both the Nine Network and MSN, and is one of Australias websites. ... This article describes the national government of Australia. ... A defence minister (Commonwealth English) or defense minister (American English) is a cabinet portfolio (position) which regulates the armed forces in a sovereign nation. ... Wikipedia (IPA: , or ( ) is a multilingual, web-based, free content encyclopedia project, operated by the Wikimedia Foundation, a non-profit organization. ... John Winston Howard (born 26 July 1939) is an Australian politician and the 25th Prime Minister of Australia. ... The 9/11 Truth Movement is the name adopted by organizations and individuals that question the mainstream account of the September 11, 2001 attacks against the United States. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... The Pentagon Papers is the colloquial term for United States-Vietnam Relations, 1945-1967: A Study Prepared by the Department of Defense, a 47 volume, 7,000-page, top-secret United States Department of Defense history of the United States political and military involvement in the Vietnam War from 1945... WikiScanner (also known as Wikipedia Scanner) is a tool created by Virgil Griffith and released on August 14, 2007,[1] which consists of a publicly searchable database that links millions of anonymous Wikipedia edits to the organizations where those edits apparently originated, by cross-referencing the edits with data on...


References

  1. ^ a b [1]Official US deception: Can it be trusted? By Daniel Schorr Christian Science Monitor March 01, 2002 edition retrieved on February 22, 2007
  2. ^ [2]PM's staff sanitise Wikipedia - AAP ninemsn Australia August 24, 2007

The Christian Science Monitor (CSM) is an international newspaper published daily, Monday through Friday. ...

See also

Fear, uncertainty, and doubt (FUD) is a sales or marketing strategy of disseminating negative (and vague) information on a competitors product. ... Information warfare is the use and management of information in pursuit of a competitive advantage over an opponent. ... Black propaganda is propaganda that purports to be from a source on one side of a conflict, but is actually from the opposing side. ... Active Measures (Russian: Активные мероприятия) are a form of political warfare conducted by the Soviet security services (Cheka, OGPU, NKVD, KGB, and SVR) to influence the course of world events,[1] in addition to collecting intelligence. ... Stephen Colbert announces that The Wørd of the night is truthiness, during the premiere episode of The Colbert Report. ... Wikiality is a portmanteau of wiki and reality first used on the The Colbert Report on July 31, 2006. ...

External links

  • Crash Course in KGB/SVR/FSB Disinformation and Active Measures - by The Centre for Counterintelligence and Security Studies, USA
  • PM's staff sanitise Wikipedia - from ninemsn Australia
  • Identifying Misinformation - by US State Department
  • Disinformation - from Encyclopedia of Intelligence
  • Disinformation - a learning resource from the British Library including an interactive movie and activities

  Results from FactBites:
 
Disinformation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (375 words)
Disinformation, in the context of espionage, military intelligence, and propaganda, is the spreading of deliberately false information to mislead an enemy as to one's position or course of action.
Disinformation techniques may also be found in commerce and government, used by one group to try to undermine the position of a competitor.
Disinformation should not be confused with misinformation, which is undeliberate, i.e.
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Disinformation (1044 words)
Consequently, European disinformation channels are telling the people that chemtrails are actually a pollution problem caused by a sudden and mysterious conversion to high-polluting jet engines (the opposite is true), and what must be a six-fold increase in commercial air traffic that apparently happened overnight for no known reason.
Disinformation channels that are pushing the contrail story believe that you cannot tell the difference between an airplane two miles away and one that is five, six, or seven miles away.
Deliberate chemtrail disinformation is not designed to change the minds of anyone that is actually involved with investigation, but to inject as much confusion as possible into those who are new to the idea and just now trying to make sense of it all.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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