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Encyclopedia > Diseases of poverty

Diseases of poverty are diseases that overwhelmingly affect the poor; in many cases poverty is the leading risk factor for incidence of such disease, and some disease can (or allegedly) cause poverty. A boy from an East Cipinang trash dump slum in Jakarta, Indonesia shows what he found. ...

Contents

Examples

The three primary diseases of poverty are AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis[1]. Developing nations account for 95% of the global AIDS prevalence[2], 98% of active tuberculosis infections[3], and 90% of malaria deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa[4]. Together, these three diseases account for 10% of global mortalities[5]. A boy from an East Cipinang trash dump slum in Jakarta, Indonesia shows what he found. ... For other uses, see AIDS (disambiguation). ... Malaria is a vector-borne infectious disease caused by protozoan parasites. ... Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for tubercle bacillus or TuBerculosis) is a common and deadly infectious disease caused by mycobacteria, mainly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ...


Three additional diseases, measles, pneumonia, and diarrheal diseases also closely associated with poverty, and are often included with AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis in broader definitions and discussions of diseases of poverty[6]. Finally, infant and maternal mortalities are far more prevalent among the poor. For example, 98% of the 11,600 daily maternal and neo-natal deaths occur in developing nations[7]. Together diseases of poverty kill approximately 14 million people annually[8]. This article is about human pneumonia. ... Types 5-7 on the Bristol Stool Chart are often associated with diarrhea Diarrhea (in American English) or diarrhoea (in British English) is a generally unpleasant condition in which the sufferer has frequent watery, loose bowel movements (from the ancient Greek word διαρροή = leakage; literally meaning to run through). Acute infectious... is the death of infants in the first year of life. ...


Mechanisms and Causes of Diseases of Poverty

Due to a plethora of environmental and social factors, including crowded living conditions, inadequate sanitation, and higher prevalence in the sex-trade, the poor are more likely to be exposed to infectious disease. Further, malnutrition and inadequate, inaccessible, or wholly non-existent healthcare can hinder recovery and exacerbate the disease[9]. For example, malnutrition is associated with 54% of childhood deaths from diseases of poverty, and lack of skilled maternal care for childbirth is primarily responsible for the high maternal and infant death rates among the poor[10][11]. Percentage of population affected by malnutrition by country, according to United Nations statistics. ...


Effects of Diseases of Poverty

Diseases of poverty reflect the dynamic relationship between poverty and poor health; while such diseases result directly from poverty, they also perpetuate and deepen impoverishment by sapping personal and national health and financial resources. For example, malaria decreases GDP growth by up to 1.3% in some developing nations, and by killing tens of millions in sub-Saharan Africa, AIDS alone threatens “the economies, social structures, and political stability of entire societies”[12][13].children die each day from malnutrition.


Diseases as a cause of Poverty

There are some diseases that allegedly can cause poverty; many of them are mental illnesses that affect socialization, awareness, and intelligence. Examples are autism, schizophrenia, antisocial personality disorder, and certain mental damage caused by substance abuse.Also malaria The term socialization is used by sociologists, social psychologists and educationalists to refer to the process of learning one’s culture and how to live within it. ... In biological psychology, awareness describes a human or animals perception and cognitive reaction to a condition or event. ... Intelligence is the mental capacity to reason, plan, solve problems, think abstractly, comprehend ideas and language, and learn. ... Autism is a brain development disorder characterized by impairments in social interaction and communication, and restricted and repetitive behavior, all exhibited before a child is three years old. ... Antisocial personality disorder (APD) is a psychiatric condition characterized by an individuals common disregard for social rules, norms, and cultural codes, as well as impulsive behavior, and indifference to the rights and feelings of others. ... Also see Alcoholism and Drug addiction. ...


External links

  • United Nations Population Fund: State of World Population 2002[14].
  • RESULTS: World Health/Diseases of Poverty[15].
  • Roll Back Malaria Global Partnership[16].

See also


 
 

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