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Encyclopedia > Disability studies

Disability studies is an interdisciplinary field of study, which is focused on the contributions, experiences, history, and culture of people with disabilities. The field of teaching and research in the area of disability studies is growing worldwide. The term disability, as it is applied to humans, refers to any condition that impedes the completion of daily tasks using traditional methods. ...

Disability studies is based on the premise that the disadvantage typically experienced by those who are disabled reflects primarily the way society defines and responds to certain types of 'difference'.[1] Society - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...

In 1993 an official definition of disability studies was adopted by the Society for Disability Studies, a professional organization of academics from around the world. 1993 (MCMXCIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ...

The Society for Disability Studies offers the following working guidelines for any program that describes itself as 'Disability Studies':[2]

  • It should be interdisciplinary/multidisciplinary. Disability sits at the center of many overlapping disciplines in the humanities, sciences, and social sciences. Programs in Disability Studies should encourage a curriculum that allows students, activists, teachers, artists, practitioners, and researchers to engage the subject matter from various disciplinary perspectives.
  • It should challenge the view of disability as an individual deficit or defect that can be remedied solely through medical intervention or rehabilitation by "experts" and other service providers. Rather, a program in disability studies should explore models and theories that examine social, political, cultural, and economic factors that define disability and help determine personal and collective responses to difference. At the same time, Disability Studies should work to de-stigmatize disease, illness, and impairment, including those that cannot be measured or explained by biological science. Finally, while acknowledging that medical research and intervention can be useful, Disability Studies should interrogate the connections between medical practice and stigmatizing disability.
  • It should study national and international perspectives, policies, literature, culture, and history with an aim of placing current ideas of disability within their broadest possible context. Since attitudes toward disability have not been the same across times and places, much can be gained by learning from these other experiences.
  • It should actively encourage participation by disabled students and faculty, and should ensure physical and intellectual access.
  • It should make it a priority to have leadership positions held by disabled people; at the same time it is important to create an environment where contributions from anyone who shares the above goals are welcome.

The humanities are a group of academic subjects united by a commitment to studying aspects of the human condition and a qualitative approach that generally prevents a single paradigm from coming to define any discipline. ... Exact science refers to systematized knowledge. ... Terms like SOSE (Studies of Society & the Environment) not only refer to social sciences but also studies of the environment. ... Activism, in a general sense, can be described as involvement in action to bring about change, be it social, political, environmental, or other change. ... A social stigma is a stigma in the form of a distinctive characteristic in a person which can cause or be the result of marginalisation when used as an insult by individuals or groups. ... ... Look up Culture in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Wikinews has news related to this article: Culture and entertainment Dictionary of the History of Ideas: Cultural Development in Antiquity Dictionary of the History of Ideas: Culture and Civilization in Modern Times Classificatory system for cultures and civilizations, by Dr. Sam Vaknin... One of the most famous quotations about history and the value of studying history, by Spanish philosopher, George Santayana, reads: Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
Disability Studies at Syracuse University [Disability Studies] (3972 words)
Disability Studies applies social, cultural, historical, and philosophical perspectives to the study of disability in society.
Disability Studies at Syracuse is designed to provide students with the skills, methods, and perspectives to play a variety of leadership roles in disability research, policy, and advocacy.
Disability Studies and Mental Retardation – Argues that the study of mental retardation, as a social and cultural construct, belongs in Disability Studies and demonstrate how many of the principles associated with Disability Studies can be applied to the study of mental retardation.
  More results at FactBites »



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