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Encyclopedia > Dipropanoylmorphine

Dipropanoylmorphine is the 3,6-dipropanoyl ester of morphine, CAS number 10589-79-4. It was developed in the 1970s as an analgesic. [1] It is rarely used in some countries for the relief of strong pain such as that caused by terminal cancer, as an alternative to diamorphine (heroin). Image File history File links Dipropanoylmorphine. ... Image File history File links Dipropanoylmorphine. ... General formula of a carboxylate ester. ... Morphine (INN) (IPA: ) is a highly potent opiate analgesic drug and is the principal active agent in opium and the prototypical opiate. ... CAS registry numbers are unique numerical identifiers for chemical compounds, polymers, biological sequences and alloys. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... An analgesic (colloquially known as a painkiller) is any member of the diverse group of drugs used to relieve pain (achieve analgesia). ... Look up Pain in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these cells to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ... Heroin or diamorphine (INN) (colloquially referred to as junk, babania, horse, golden brown, smack, black tar, big H, lady H, dope, skag, juice, diesel, etc. ...


Dipropanoylmorphine is slightly slower acting than diamorphine, but longer lasting, and is slightly more potent due to its relatively higher lipophilicity. [2] Side effects are similar to those of other opiates and include itching, nausea and respiratory depression. An opioid is any agent that binds to opioid receptors found principally in the central nervous system and gastrointestinal tract. ... An itch (Latin: pruritus) is a sensation felt on an area of skin that makes a person or animal want to scratch it. ... For other uses, see Nausea (disambiguation). ... In medicine, hypoventilation exists when ventilation is inadequate to perform gas exchange. ...


Dipropanoylmorphine is prepared by reacting morphine with propanoic anhydride, in an analogous manner to how heroin is produced by reacting morphine with acetic anhydride. While acetic anhydride is a restricted chemical around the world due to its potential uses in making heroin, it is used in vast amounts by the chemical industry for the manufacture of drugs such as aspirin. Propanoic anhydride, also called propionic anhydride, is a simple carboxylic anhydride. ... Acetic anhydride, also known as ethanoic anhydride, is one of the simplest of acid anhydrides. ... Acetic anhydride, also known as ethanoic anhydride, is one of the simplest of acid anhydrides. ... Aspirin or acetylsalicylic acid (acetosal) is a drug in the family of salicylates, often used as an analgesic (against minor pains and aches), antipyretic (against fever), and anti-inflammatory. ...


Propanoic anhydride however is much less widely used. Although it is used in the manufacture of a range of pharmaceuticals, none of these are produced in nearly as large quantities, and sales of propanoic anhydride in quantities larger than one gram must be reported in many countries because of its potential use in making fentanyl type synthetic opiates. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


References

  1. ^ May EL, Jacobson AE. Chemistry and pharmacology of homologs of 6-acetyl-and 3,6-diacetylmorphine. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 1977 Feb;66(2):285-6.
  2. ^ Owen JA, Nakatsu K. Morphine diesters. II. Blood metabolism and analgesic activity in the rat. Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology. 1984 Apr;62(4):452-6.


Chemistry (from Persian language کیمیا Kimia and Greek χημεία khēmeía[1] meaning alchemy) is the science of matter at the atomic to molecular scale, dealing primarily with collections of atoms, such as gases, molecules, crystals, and metals. ... Pharmacology (in Greek: pharmacon (φάρμακον) meaning drug, and logos (λόγος) meaning science) is the study of how substances interact with living organisms to produce a change in function. ... Human blood smear: a - erythrocytes; b - neutrophil; c - eosinophil; d - lymphocyte. ... Species 50 species; see text *Several subfamilies of Muroids include animals called rats. ...

[edit]Opioids

Acetorphine, Acetyldihydrocodeine, Acetyldihydrocodeinone, Acetylmorphone, Alfentanil, Allylprodine, Alphaprodine, Anileridine, Bemidone, Benzylmorphine, beta-4-morpholinylethylmorphine, Betaprodine, Betmeprodine, Bezitramide, Buprenorphine, Butorphanol, Carfentanil, Clonitazene, Codeine, Codeine-N-Oxide, Codeinone, Cyclazocine, Cyclorphan, Desomorphine, Dextromoramide, Dextropropoxyphene, Dezocine, Diacetyldihydrocodeine, Diacetyldihydromorphine, Diethylthiambutene, Difenoxin, Dihydrocodeine, Dihydrocodeinone enol acetate, Dihydrohydroxycodeinone, Dihydrodesoxymorphine. Dihydroetorphine, Dihydroheroin, Dihydroisocodeine, Dihydromorphine, Dimethylthiambutene, Diphenoxylate, Dipipanone, Diprenorphine, Dipropanoylmorphine, Ethylketocyclazocine, Ethylmorphine, Etonitazene, Etorphine, Fentanyl, Diamorphine (Heroin), Hydrocodone, Hydromorphone, Isomethadone, Ketobemidone, Laudanum, Lefetamine, Levallorphan, Levo-alphacetylmethadol, Levomethorphan, Levomethadone, Levorphanol, Levopropoxyphene, Loperamide, Meptazinol, Metazocine, Methadone, Metopon, Monoacetylmorphine, Morphine-N-Oxide, Morphine, Morphinone, Morphine-6-glucuronide, MPPP, Myorphine, Nalbuphine, Nalmefene, Nalorphine, Naloxone, Naltrexone, Nicocodeine, Nicodicodeine, Nicomorphine, Norcodeine, N-allyl-normorphine, Ohmefentanyl, Omnopon, Opium, Oxycodone, Oxymorphone, Pantopon, Papaveretum, Paregoric, Pentazocine, PEPAP, Pethidine (Meperidine), Phenadoxone, Phenazocine, Phenoperidine, Pholcodeine, Piminodine, Prodine, Proheptazine, Propiram, Propoxyphene, Racemethorphan, Racemorphan, Remifentanil, Sufentanil, Tetrapon, Thebacon, Thebaine, Thiofentanil, Tilidine, Tramadol, Trimeperidine An opioid is a chemical substance that has a morphine-like action in the body. ... Acetyldihydrocodeine is an opiate derivative developed as a cough suppressant and analgesic. ... Acetylmorphone (Dihydromorphinone acetate) is an opiate analogue that is an acetylated derivative of hydromorphone which was developed in the early 1900s as a potential cough suppressant and analgesic. ... Alfentanil (Alfenta) is a parenteral short-acting opioid painkiller, used for anaesthesia in surgery. ... Anileridine (Leritine®) is a synthetic opioid and strong analgesic medication. ... Bezitramide (4-[4-(2-oxo-3-propanoyl-benzoimidazol-1-yl)-1-piperidyl]-2,2-diphenyl-butanenitrile MW: 492. ... Buprenorphine, also colloquially referred to as bupe, is an opioid drug with partial agonist and antagonist actions. ... Butorphanol (INN) is a morphinan-type synthetic opioid analgesic marketed in the US under the trade name Stadol. ... Carfentanil, also Carfentanyl, is an analogue of the popular opioid Fentanyl, and is currently the most potent opioid known [Actually Ohmefentanil is 13,000X morphine]. It has a quantitative potency approximately 10,000 times that of morphine and 100 times that of fentanyl (activity in humans starting at about 1... Codeine (INN) or methylmorphine is an opiate used for its analgesic, antitussive and antidiarrheal properties. ... Codeinone is a strong Opiod. ... Cyclazocine is a mixed opiate agonist-antagonist. ... Dextromoramide (Palfium®, Palphium®, Jetrium®, Dimorlin®) is the right-handed isomer of the moramide molecule. ... Dextropropoxyphene is an analgesic in the opioid category. ... Diacetyldihydromorphine (Paralaudin, Dihydroheroin) is a potent opiate derivative which is rarely used in some countries for the treatment of strong pain such as that caused by terminal cancer, as a more potent form of diamorphine. ... Dihydrocodeine, also called DHC and Paracodeine and by the brand names of SS Bron, Drocode, Paracodin, Codidol, Didor Continus, Dicogesic, and DF-118 amongst others, is a semi-synthetic opioid analgesic prescribed for postoperative pain, severe dyspnea, or as an antitussive. ... The chemical structure of dihydrocodeinone enol acetate Dihydrocodeinone Enol Acetate, or Thebacon, formerly marketed as its hydrochloride salt under the trade name Acedicon, is a semisynthetic opioid once used as an antitussive, primarily in Europe. ... Not to be confused with oxytocin. ... Dihydromorphine is a semi-synthetic opioid invented in Germany in the first years of the twentieth century. ... On opiod agonist used for the treatment of diarrhea. ... Dipipanone hydrochloride is an opioid painkiller. ... Ethylmorphine is a drug in the class of both opiates (representing a minor synthetic change from morphine) and opioids (being effective in the CNSs opioid reception system) . Its effects in humans mainly stem from its metabolic conversion to morphine. ... Etonitazene, (2-(p-Ethoxybenzyl)-1-diethylaminoethyl-5-nitrobenzimidazole), is a schedule I opiate. ... Etorphine (Immobilon® or M99) is a synthetic cousin of morphine and 1000 - 80,000 times more powerful. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Heroin, also known as diamorphine (BAN) or diacetylmorphine (INN), is a semi-synthetic opioid. ... It has been suggested that Vicodin be merged into this article or section. ... Hydromorphone is a drug used to relieve moderate to severe pain. ... Ketobemidone structure Ketobemidone is a powerful opioid analgesic. ... For other uses, see Laudanum (disambiguation). ... Lefetamine is a psychoactive drug which has effects similar to both morphine and methylphenidate. ... Levo-alpha-acetyl-methadol (LAAM for short) is a synthetic opioid similar in structure to methadone. ... Levomethorphan is an optical isomer of dextromethorphan. ... Levorphanol is an opioid medication used to treat severe pain. ... The structure of Levopropoxyphene Levopropoxyphene is an antitussive. ... Loperamide, usually as hydrochloride, is a drug effective against diarrhea resulting from gastroenteritis or inflammatory bowel disease. ... Methadone is a synthetic opioid, used medically as an analgesic and in the treatment of narcotic addiction. ... Metopon (5-methylhydromorphone hydrochloride) is an opiate analogue that is a methylated derivative of hydromorphone which was invented in 1948 as an analgesic. ... 6-monoacetylmorphine (6-MAM) is one of 2 active metabolites of heroin (diacetylmorphine), the other being the much less active 3-monoacetylmorphine (3-MAM). ... Morphine (INN) (IPA: ) is a highly potent opiate analgesic drug and is the principal active agent in opium and the prototypical opiate. ... Morphinone is a very strong Opiod. ... Morphine-6-glucuronide (M6G) is of more than simply academic interest, since it is the major active metabolite of morphine, and as such is the molecule responsible for much of the pain-relieving effects of morphine (and heroin and codeine). ... MPPP (1-methyl 4-phenyl 4-propionoxypiperidine) is an opioid analgesic drug. ... Nalbuphine (nalbuphine hydrochloride) is a synthetic opioid used commercially as an analgesic under a variety of trade names, including Nubain. ... Nalmefene (Revex) is an opioid receptor antagonist used primarily in the management of alcohol dependence, and also has been investigated for the treatment of other addictions such as pathological gambling and addiction to shopping. ... Naloxone is a drug used to counter the effects of opioid overdose, for example heroin and morphine overdose. ... Naltrexone is an opioid receptor antagonist used primarily in the management of alcohol dependence and opioid dependence. ... Nicocodeine (Lyopect) is an opiate derivative developed as a cough suppressant and analgesic. ... Nicodicodeine is an opiate derivative developed as a cough suppressant and analgesic. ... Nicomorphine (Vilan) is the 3,6-dinicotinate ester of morphine. ... // Ohmefentanyl (OMF) is related to a fentanyl analogue called 3-methyl-fentanyl (3-MF)[1],[2]. OMF is more sophisticated than 3-MF though since it also has a β-hydroxy group situated on the phenethyl tail. ... Depiction of opium smokers in an opium den in the East End of London, 1874. ... Not to be confused with oxytocin. ... Oxymorphone (Numorphan) is a powerful semi-synthetic narcotic analgesic that is derived from morphine, and is approximately 6-8 times more potent. ... Pantopon is a preparation of opiates made up of all of the alkaloids present in opium in their natural proportions as hydrochloride salts . ... Papaveretum (BAN) is a preparation containing a mixture of hydrochloride salts of opium alkaloids. ... Paregoric, also known as Camphorated Opium Tincture, is a medicine known for its antidiarrhoeal and systemic properties. ... Pentazocine is a synthetically-prepared narcotic drug used to treat mild to moderate pain. ... Pethidine (INN) or meperidine (USAN) (also referred to as: isonipecaine; lidol; operidine; pethanol; piridosal; Algil®; Alodan®; Centralgin®; Demerol®; Dispadol®; Dolantin®; Dolestine®; Dolosal®; Dolsin®; Mefedina®) is a fast-acting opioid analgesic drug. ... Phenoperidine is an opiod general anesthetic. ... Pholcodeine is an opioid used primarily as an antitussant (to treat cough) with little abuse potential. ... Dextropropoxyphene is an analgesic in the opioid category that is used to treat severe pain and severe coughs. ... Racemethorphan is a racemic mixture of the stereoisomers of methorphan , namely dextromethorphan , which is the active ingredient in DM cough syrups , and the lesser known levomethorphan which is described as a controlled substance in The Merck Index - likely because it has more potential for abuse than its dextro enantiomer . ... Remifentanil is a potent ultra short-acting synthetic opioid analgesic drug. ... Sufentanil is a drug that belongs to the class of drugs known as the opioid analgesic drugs. ... The chemical structure of dihydrocodeinone enol acetate Dihydrocodeinone Enol Acetate, or Thebacon, formerly marketed as its hydrochloride salt under the trade name Acedicon, is a semisynthetic opioid once used as an antitussive, primarily in Europe. ... A minor constituent of opium, thebaine or paramorphine (C19H21NO3) is chemically similar to both morphine and codeine, but produces stimulatory rather than depressant effects. ... Tramadol (INN) (IPA: ) is an atypical opioid which is a centrally acting analgesic, used for treating moderate to severe pain. ...


 
 

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