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Encyclopedia > Dipendra of Nepal
Dipendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev
Late King of Nepal
Reign June 1, 2001June 4, 2001
Born June 27, 1971
Died June 4, 2001
Predecessor Birendra of Nepal
Successor Gyanendra of Nepal
Royal House Shah dynasty
Father Birendra of Nepal
Mother Aiswarya

Dipendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, King of Nepal (June 27, 1971June 4, 2001) was King of Nepal from June 1 to June 4, 2001. He was accused of killing his family at a royal dinner on June 1, 2001. Dipendra was also mortally wounded, by a handgun shot to the left side of his skull; however he was right handed, according to the maid of the queen's mother. With the murder of his father, he officially became king for the three days as he lingered in a coma. The king of Nepal is known as the Raja; his Queen is known as the Rani. ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 4 is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 187 days remaining. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday. ... June 4 is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This December 2006 does not cite its references or sources. ... Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, King of Nepal (Nepali: ज्ञानेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाहदेव; Jñānendra Vīra Vikrama Śāhadeva) (born July 7, 1947) is the present King of Nepal since June 4, 2001. ... One of the worlds longest-lasting monarchies, the Iranian monarchy went through many transformations over the centuries, from the days of the Persian Empire to the creation of what is now modern day Iran. ... This December 2006 does not cite its references or sources. ... Queen Aishwarya of Nepals (November 7, 1949 – June 1, 2001) was the Queen of Nepal (1972-2001). ... June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 187 days remaining. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday. ... June 4 is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Royal Standard of Nepal The king of Nepal is known as the Raja; his Queen is known as the Rani. ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... June 4 is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Education

Dipendra was educated at Eton College, England, and according to the Irish Times of June 4, 2001, "was reportedly excused from chapel when he turned 18. According to Nepali tradition, the prince effectively became a god on his birthday and he could not be seen worshipping another." The report also noted that the prince had been disciplined while at Eton for selling alcohol. The Kings College of Our Lady of Eton beside Windsor, commonly known as Eton College or just Eton, is a public school (privately funded and independent) for boys, founded in 1440 by Henry VI. It is located in Eton, Berkshire, near Windsor in England, situated north of Windsor Castle... The Irish Times is Irelands newspaper of record, launched in the late 1850s. ... June 4 is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


After Eton, he attended Tribhuvan University in Nepal and later joined the Royal Nepal Military Academy. He was known to have been skilled in karate. Tribhuvan University is the largest and oldest university of Nepal. ... Karate ) ( ) or karate-dō ) is a martial art that developed from a synthesis of indigenous Ryukyuan fighting methods and Chinese kempo [1]. Karate originally meant Te, or hand, i. ...


Motive for murder

It is still unclear who was behind the killings. Many people in Nepal believe that Gyanendra was the main suspect mastermind behind the royal palace massacre on June 1, 2001 and blamed Dipendra. However, according to unverified reports, Dipendra assassinated family members because of anger over a marriage dispute. Dipendra's choice of a bride was Devyani Rana, a member of the Rana clan, against whom the Shah family of kings have a historic animosity (in recent times, though, Shah kings and princes have married almost exclusively members of the Rana family.) The Rana clan had served as the hereditary prime ministers of Nepal until 1951, with the title Maharaja, and the two clans have a long history of inter-marriages. Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, King of Nepal (Nepali: ज्ञानेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाहदेव; Jñānendra Vīra Vikrama Śāhadeva) (born July 7, 1947) is the present King of Nepal since June 4, 2001. ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Devyani Rana was the girlfriend of Crown Prince Dipendra of Nepal. ... The Rana dynasty is a family who usurped control of Nepal from the mid-19th century until 1951, reducing the monarch to a figurehead and ruling through hereditary government positions. ... It has been suggested that Maharaj be merged into this article or section. ...


According to official accounts, Dipendra was denied his choice of a wife by his mother, and so he massacred his family in a much-publicised incident after indulging in a drinking binge. Among the dead were his father King Birendra, mother, brother, and sister. Dipendra survived comatose for three days, and was proclaimed king in his hospital bed. He died of his injuries on June 4 and was succeeded by his uncle, Prince Gyanendra[1]. This December 2006 does not cite its references or sources. ... Royal Standard of Nepal The king of Nepal is known as the Raja; his Queen is known as the Rani. ... June 4 is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, King of Nepal (Nepali: ज्ञानेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाहदेव; Jñānendra Vīra Vikrama Śāhadeva) (born July 7, 1947) is the present King of Nepal since June 4, 2001. ...


Gyanendra, not as beloved in the country as his brother Birendra, had been third in line to the throne before the massacre. He was out of town (in Pokhara) during the massacre and was the closest surviving relative of the king. Gyanendra's son, Crown Prince Paras, was reportedly in the royal palace during the massacre but escaped serious injury. View of Pokhara looking north from the nearby World Peace Stupa. ... Crown Prince Paras of Nepal meeting President Hu Jintao of China, August 16 2004. ...


Several survivors have publicly confirmed that Dipendra was doing the shooting, as was documented in a BBC documentary.


However, the murder still remains a mystery to most Nepali people. Recently a Nepali novel has been published named "Raktakunda" which recounts the 2001 Royal Massacre. This novel looks at the incident through the eyes of one of the surviving witnesses, Queen Mother Ratna's personal maid, identified in the book as Shanta. The book, which the author says is a "historical novel", posits that two men masked as Crown Prince Dipendra fired the shots that led to the massacre. Shanta's husband, Trilochan Acharya, also a royal palace employee, was killed along with 10 royal family members, including the entire family of King Birendra.


Victims of the massacre

Died

  • HM King Birendra, father
  • HM Queen Aiswarya, mother
  • HRH Prince Nirajan, brother
  • HRH Princess Shruti, sister
  • (HRH Prince) Dhirendra, King Birendra's brother who had renounced his title
  • HRH Princess Jayanti, King Birendra's cousin
  • HRH Princess Shanti, King Birendra's sister
  • HRH Princess Sharada, King Birendra's sister
  • Kumar Khadga, Princess Sharada's husband

This December 2006 does not cite its references or sources. ... Queen Aishwarya of Nepals (November 7, 1949 – June 1, 2001) was the Queen of Nepal (1972-2001). ... HRH Nirajan, (1977 June 1, 2001) was a Prince of Nepal, younger brother of Crown Prince/King Dipendra, who fatally shot him and other royals at a dinner in 2001. ... Princess Shruti or Sruti (October 15, 1976 - June 1, 2001) was the youngest daughter of King Birendra and Queen Aiswarya of Nepal and sister of Crown Prince Dipendra and Prince Nirajan. ...

Wounded

  • HRH Princess Shova, King Birendra's sister
  • Kumar Gorakh, Princess Shruti's husband
  • HRH Princess Komal, Prince (now King) Gyanendra's wife and current Queen
  • Ketaki Chester, King Birendra's cousin

Note: Dipendra died three days later. Kumar Khadga's mother Bodh Kumari Shah was an indirect casualty. She reportedly died of shock on hearing of her son's death. Queen Komal of Nepal Queen Komal Rajya Laxmi Devi Shah (born February 18, 1951) is the Queen consort of King Gyanendra of Nepal. ...


See Also

// Fuad II of Egypt (26 July 1952 - 18 June 1953) Edward VIII of the United Kingdom (20 January - 11 December 1936) Agustín I of Mexico (19 May 1822 – 19 March 1823) Louis I of Spain (just over 7 months, 1824) Christian VIII of Norway (1814) Harold II of England... The History of Nepal is characterized by its isolated position in the Himalayas and its two dominant neighbors, India and China. ... The broad definition of regicide is the deliberate killing of a king, or the person responsible for it. ... Patricide is (i) the act of killing ones father, or (ii) a person who kills his or her father. ... Fratricide (from the Latin word frater, meaning: brother and cide meaning to kill) is the act of a person killing his or her brother. ...

External links

Preceded by
Birendra
Crown Prince of Nepal
1971–2001
Vacant
Title next held by
Paras
Preceded by
Birendra Bir Bikram Shah
King of Nepal
2001
Succeeded by
Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah

  Results from FactBites:
 
Dipendra of Nepal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (585 words)
Dipendra's choice for marriage was Devyani Rana, a member of the Indian royal family of Gwalior.
The scions of Rana clan had served as the hereditary prime ministers of Nepal during the previous dynasty, with the title Maharaja, also is Kshatriya caste group like that Shahs, and the two clans had a long history of inter-marriages.
According to official accounts, Dipendra was denied his choice of marriage by his mother, and so he massacred his family in a much-publicised incident after indulging in a drinking binge.
NodeWorks - Encyclopedia: Nepal (1771 words)
Lord Gautam Buddha was born in Lumbini, Nepal circa 563 BC and the Emperor Aśoka ruled over a vast empire including North India and southern Terai region of present day Nepal (though the hilly and mountainous regions were not a part of Aśoka's Empire) in the 1st century BC.
Nepal is among the poorest and least developed countries in the world with nearly half of its population living below the poverty line (with, as of 2001, a per capita income of just over US$240240).
The major languages of Nepal (percent spoken as mother tongue) are Nepali (49%), Maithili (12%), Bhojpuri (8%), Tharu (6%), Tamang (5%), Newari/Nepal Bhasa (4%), Magar (3%), Awadhi (2%), Bantawa (2%), Limbu (1%), and Bajjika (1%).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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