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Encyclopedia > Diosdado Macapagal
Diosdado Macapagal


9th President of the Philippines
5th President of the 3rd Republic
In office
December 30, 1961 – December 30, 1965
President Carlos P. Garcia
Vice President(s) Emmanuel Pelaez
Preceded by Carlos P. Garcia
Succeeded by Ferdinand Marcos

5th Vice President of the Philippines
4th Vice President of the 3rd Republic
In office
December 30, 1957 – December 30, 1961
Preceded by None[1]
Succeeded by Emmanuel Pelaez

Born September 28, 1910
Lubao, Pampanga
Died April 21, 1997
Makati City, Metro Manila
Political party Liberal Party
Spouse (1) Purita dela Rosa—died
(2) Evangelina Macaraeg
Religion Roman Catholic
Signature Diosdado Macapagal's signature
For the airport, see Diosdado Macapagal International Airport
For the boulevard in Metro Manila, see Diosdado Macapagal Boulevard

Diosdado Pangan Macapagal (September 28, 1910April 21, 1997) was a Filipino politician who served as the 9th President of the Philippines. He was elected in 1961, defeating the re-election bid of Carlos P. Garcia. He failed in his own re-election bid in 1965, losing to Ferdinand Marcos. He was also known by his nickname "The Incorruptible". Official portrait of Philippine president Diosdado Macapagal. ... The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Carlos Polistico Garcia (November 4, 1896 – June 14, 1971) was the 8th president of the Philippines (1957-1961). ... Emmanuel Pelaez (1915-2003) was a Vice-President in the Philippines. ... Carlos Polistico Garcia (November 4, 1896 – June 14, 1971) was the 8th president of the Philippines (1957-1961). ... Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. ... Seal of the Vice President of the Philippines The Vice President of the Philippines is the second highest executive official of the Philippine government. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Emmanuel Pelaez (1915-2003) was a Vice-President in the Philippines. ... is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Lubao is a 1st class municipality in the southwestern part of the province of Pampanga, Philippines. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Pampanga Region: Central Luzon (Region III) Capital: City of San Fernando Founded: December 11, 1571 Population: 2000 census—1,882,730 (10th largest) Density—863 per km² (4th highest) Area: 2,180. ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... Makati City is one of the most important cities in the Philippines in terms of finance and commerce. ... Metropolitan Manila (Filipino: Kalakhang Maynila) or the National Capital Region (NCR) (Filipino: Pambansang Punong Rehiyon) is the greater metropolitan area of the city of Manila, the national capital and largest city in the Philippines. ... The Liberal Party (Filipino: Partido Liberal) is a liberal party in the Philippines, founded in 1945 by a breakaway from the Nacionalista Party. ... Evangelina Macaraeg Macapagal (1915-1999) was the second wife of Philippine President Diosdado Macapagal and was the ninth First Lady of the Philippines, she was also known as the mother of current Philippine President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Diosdado Macapagal International Airport (Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Diosdado Macapagal) (DMIA), also called Clark International Airport (IATA: CRK, ICAO: RPLC), is the main airport serving the immediate vicinity of the Clark Special Economic Zone (CSEZ) and the general area of Angeles City in the Philippines. ... Metropolitan Manila (Filipino: Kalakhang Maynila) or the National Capital Region (NCR) (Filipino: Pambansang Punong Rehiyon) is the greater metropolitan area of the city of Manila, the national capital and largest city in the Philippines. ... Diosdado Macapagal Boulevard is a modern road running from CCP Complex, Pasay City to Marina Subdivision, Paranaque City, both in Metro Manila. ... is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Carlos Polistico Garcia (November 4, 1896 – June 14, 1971) was the 8th president of the Philippines (1957-1961). ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. ... // A nickname is a name of a person or thing other than its proper name. ...


His daughter, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, is the current president of the Philippines. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials G.M.A., is the 14th and current president of the Philippines. ...

Contents

Early life and career

Macapagal was born in Lubao, Pampanga to Urbano Macapagal and Romana Pangan. He graduated valedictorian in the Lubao Elementary School, graduated with second highest rating in the Pampanga High School. His family was poor (hence his nickname "poor boy from Lubao"), but with the help of Honorio Ventura, the Secretary of Interior at that time, he studied law and graduated in the University of Santo Tomas and pursued and earned the postgraduate degree of Doctor of Civil Law and Ph.D. in Economics in the same university. Lubao is a 1st class municipality in the southwestern part of the province of Pampanga, Philippines. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Pampanga Region: Central Luzon (Region III) Capital: City of San Fernando Founded: December 11, 1571 Population: 2000 census—1,882,730 (10th largest) Density—863 per km² (4th highest) Area: 2,180. ... In the United States and Canada, the title of valedictorian (an anglicized derivation from the Latin vale dicere, to say farewell) is given to the top graduate of the graduating class (the Australia/New Zealand equivalent being dux, although some Australian universities use the American term) of an educational institution. ... The current main building of Pampanga High School was completed in 1935. ... The Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines (or simply the University of Santo Tomas, UST or affectionately, Ustê), is a private Roman Catholic university run by the Order of Preachers in Manila. ... Doctor of Philosophy, abbreviated Ph. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


He finished his law degree in 1936. He worked as a lawyer for an American employer in Manila, and was assigned as a legal assistant to President Manuel L. Quezon. 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... A lawyer, according to Blacks Law Dictionary, is a person learned in the law; as an attorney, counsel or solicitor; a person licensed to practice law. ... Nickname: Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Manila Coordinates: 14°35 N 121° E Country Philippines Region National Capital Region Districts 1st to 6th districts of Manila Barangays 897 Incorporated (city) June 10, 1574 Government  - Mayor Alfredo Lim (GO)  - Vice Mayor Isko Moreno (Asenso Manilenyo/PDP-Laban) Area... Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina (b. ...


During the Japanese occupation of World War II, Macapagal served as support to the anti-Japanese task force and as an intelligence liaison to the US guerillas. It was during this period that his first wife died of malnutrition. He later married Evangelina Macaraeg, the mother of current Philippine President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Evangelina Macaraeg Macapagal (1915-1999) was the second wife of Philippine President Diosdado Macapagal and was the ninth First Lady of the Philippines, she was also known as the mother of current Philippine President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo. ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials GMA, is the current and 14th President of the Republic of the Philippines. ...


In 1948 he served as second secretary to the Philippine Embassy in Washington, DC. In 1949 he was elected to the House of Representatives, where he served until 1956. During that time, he was the Philippine representative to the United Nations General Assembly three times. 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United Nations General Assembly (GA) is one of the five principal organs of the United Nations. ...


In 1957, as a member of the Liberal Party, he became vice president under President Carlos Garcia of the Nacionalista Party. Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... The Liberal Party (Filipino: Partido Liberal) is a liberal party in the Philippines, founded in 1945 by a breakaway from the Nacionalista Party. ... A vice president is an officer in government or business who is next in rank below a president. ... Carlos Garcia can refer to: The former major league baseball player, see Carlos García. ... The Nacionalista Party is the oldest political party in the Philippines today responsible for leading the country throughout the majority of the 20th century since 1907. ...


Presidency

Macapagal was elected president in 1961 by a coalition of liberals and progressives, defeating the re-election bid of Carlos P. Garcia. He focused on fighting graft and corruption in the government. Seeking to stimulate economic development, he took the advice of wealthy supporters and allowed the Philippine peso to float on the free currency exchange market. This policy bled millions of pesos from the government's treasury each year during his administration. His reform efforts were blocked by the Nacionalistas, who dominated the House of Representatives and the Senate at that time. Nonetheless, the average GDP growth rate during the Macapagal presidency was 5.15%. Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A coalition government, or coalition cabinet, is a cabinet in parliamentary government in which several parties cooperate. ... The Liberal Party (Filipino: Partido Liberal) is a liberal party in the Philippines, founded in 1945 by a breakaway from the Nacionalista Party. ... Progressive Party of the Philippines - a reformist political party that is considered to be the earliest form of a genuine 3rd force party against the then dominant political pair of the Nacionalista Party and the Liberal Party. ... Carlos Polistico Garcia (November 4, 1896 – June 14, 1971) was the 8th president of the Philippines (1957-1961). ... Economic development is a sustainable increase in living standards that implies increased per capita income, better education and health as well as environmental protection. ... ISO 4217 Code PHP User(s) Philippines Inflation 2. ... The Nacionalista Party is the oldest political party in the Philippines today responsible for leading the country throughout the majority of the 20th century since 1907. ...


In 1962, when the United States made its final rejection of Philippine monetary claims for the destruction wrought by American forces in World War II, Macapagal changed the official celebration of Independence Day from July 4 (the date in 1946 that United States granted independence) to June 12 (the date in 1898 that Emilio Aguinaldo declared independence from Spain). Macapagal claimed that the timing of the decision to change the date of Independence Day was not out of resentment for the United States, but rather a judicious choice of timing for the taking of an action which had previously been decided upon. During his term, Macapagal also made the decision to recognize José P. Laurel, who was made President of the Philippines by the Japanese occupation forces, as having been an official President. Prior to this, Laurel's regime had not been recognized by post-World War II Filipino governments as having held any legal status whatever. Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... An Independence Day is an annual celebration commemorating the anniversary of a nations assumption of independent statehood, usually after ceasing to be a colony or part of another state. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy (March 22, 1869 – February 6, 1964) was a Filipino general, politician, and independence leader. ... José Paciano Laurel y García (March 9, 1891 - November 6, 1959) was the president of the Japanese-sponsored Republic of the Philippines from 1943 to 1945. ...


In 1965, he was defeated in the presidential election by Ferdinand Marcos, who had built a conservative coalition to block Macapagal's reforms in a landslide victory. Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. ...


Post-presidency

Diosdado Macapagal is depicted on the 200-peso bill.
Diosdado Macapagal is depicted on the 200-peso bill.

In 1971, Macapagal was elected president of the constitutional convention that drafted what became the 1973 constitution. --203. ... --203. ... Philippine peso bills are issued by the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (Central Bank of the Philippines) for circulation in the Philippines. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... A constitutional convention is a gathering of delegates for the purpose of writing a new constitution or revising an existing constitution. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1979 Macapagal formed the National Union for Liberation to oppose the Marcos regime. In his retirement, Macapagal devoted much of his time to reading and writing. He authored several books, and wrote a weekly column for the Manila Bulletin newspaper. Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... The Manila Bulletin, bills itself as The Nations Leading Newspaper in the Philippines. ...


Diosdado Macapagal died of heart failure, pneumonia and renal complications at the Makati Medical Center on April 21, 1997. He is buried at the Libingan ng mga Bayani. Pneumonia is an illness of the lungs and respiratory system in which the alveoli (microscopic air-filled sacs of the lung responsible for absorbing oxygen from the atmosphere) become inflamed and flooded with fluid. ... The kidneys are organs that filter wastes (such as urea) from the blood and excrete them, along with water, as urine. ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... Libingan ng mga Bayani (Cemetery of the Heroes) is a cemetery in Taguig, Metro Manila in the Philippines. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Congress did not appoint a Vice President after Garcia assumed the Presidency from Magsaysay, as required by the 1935 Constitution

External links

  • The Philippine Presidency Project
  • Diosdado Macapagal tribute

References

  • Zaide, Gregorio F. (1984). Philippine History and Government. National Bookstore Printing Press. 
Preceded by
Carlos P. Garcia
Vice President of the Philippines
1957–1961
Succeeded by
Emmanuel Pelaez
Preceded by
Carlos P. Garcia
President of the Philippines
1961–1965
Succeeded by
Ferdinand Marcos

  Results from FactBites:
 
Malacañang Museum (943 words)
In 1971 Macapagal was elected president of the Constitutional convention that drafted the 1973 constitution; the manner in which the charter was illegally ratified and then modified led Diosdado Macapagal to question in 1981 the validity of its ratification.
Macapagal was also honorary chairman of the National Centennial Commission, chairman of the board of CAP Life, and the Angeles University Foundation in Angeles City, among others.
Diosdado Macapagal is buried in the Libingan ng mga Bayani.
Diosdado Macapagal Summary (2095 words)
Diosdado P. Macapagal (1910-1997) was the fifth president of the Republic of the Philippines.
Macapagal was born in Lubao, Pampanga to Urbano Macapagal and Romana Pangan.
Macapagal was elected president in 1961 by a coalition of liberals and progressives, defeating the re-election bid of Carlos P. Garcia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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