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Encyclopedia > Diogenes Laertius

Diogenes LaŽrtius, the biographer of the Greek philosophers, is supposed by some to have received his surname from the town of Laerte in Cilicia, and by others from the Roman family of the LaŽrtii.


Of the circumstances of his life we know nothing. He must have lived after Sextus Empiricus (c. 200), whom he mentions, and before Stephanus of Byzantium (c. 500), who quotes him. It is probable that he flourished during the reign of Alexander Severus (222235) and his successors.


His own opinions are equally uncertain. By some he was regarded as a Christian; but it seems more probable that he was an Epicurean. The work by which he is known, Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers, was written in Greek and professes to give an account of the lives and sayings of the Greek philosophers. Although it is at best an uncritical and unphilosophical compilation, its value, as giving us an insight into the private life of the Greek sages, justly led Montaigne to exclaim that he wished that instead of one LaŽrtius there had been a dozen.


He treats his subject in two divisions which he describes as the Ionian and the Italian schools; the division is quite unscientific. The biographies of the former begin with Anaximander, and end with Clitomachus, Theophrastus and Chrysippus; the latter begins with Pythagoras, and ends with Epicurus. The Socratic school, with its various branches, is classed with the Ionic; while the Eleatics and sceptics are treated under the Italic.


The whole of the last book is devoted to Epicurus, and contains three most interesting letters addressed to Herodotus, Pythocles and Menoeceus. His chief authorities were Diodes of Magnesia's Cursory Notice of Philosophers and Favorinus's Miscellaneous History and Memoirs. From the statements of Burlaeus (Walter Burley, a 14th-century monk) in his De vita et moribus philosophorum the text of Diogenes seems to have been much fuller than that which we now possess. In addition to the Lives, Diogenes was the author of a work in verse on famous men, in various metres.


This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 Encyclopśdia Britannica.


References

  • Diogenes Laertius: Lives of Eminent Philosophers ISBN 0674992040

External link

  • On-line version of Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers (http://classicpersuasion.org/pw/diogenes/)
  • Diogenes Laertius: the Manuscripts of "The Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosphers" (http://www.tertullian.org/rpearse/manuscripts/diogenes_laertius.htm) (notes on the publication history of Diogenes Laertius, from R.D. Hicks' edition of the "Lives", 1925)

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Diogenes of Sinope - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (736 words)
Diogenes, "the Cynic," Greek philosopher, was born at Sinope about 412 BC (according to other sources 399 BC), and died in 323 at Corinth, according to Diogenes La√ęrtius, on the day on which Alexander the Great died at Babylon.
Diogenes is the first person known to have thought, and said, "I am a citizen of the whole world," rather than of any particular city or state.
Diogenes syndrome is a behavioral disorder of the elderly characterized by acute illness and extreme self-neglect - The Lancet.
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