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Encyclopedia > Diocese
Pope Pius XI blesses Bishop Stephen Alencastre as fifth Apostolic Vicar of the Hawaiian Islands in a Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace window. In Catholicism, the pope is the bishop of the diocese of Rome. He creates the other dioceses throughout the world and chooses their bishops.
Pope Pius XI blesses Bishop Stephen Alencastre as fifth Apostolic Vicar of the Hawaiian Islands in a Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace window. In Catholicism, the pope is the bishop of the diocese of Rome. He creates the other dioceses throughout the world and chooses their bishops.

In some Christian churches, the diocese is an administrative territorial unit administrated by a bishop, hence also referred to as a bishopric or Episcopal Area (as in United Methodism) or episcopal see, though more often the term episcopal see means the office held by the bishop. The diocese is the key unit of authority in the form of church governance known as episcopal polity. In the Roman Catholic Church, an important diocese is called an archdiocese (usually due to size, historical significance, or both), which is governed by an Archbishop, who may in the Catholic hierarchy either be exempt from or have Metropolitan authority over the other ('suffragan') dioceses within a wider jurisdiction called ecclesiastical province. As of 2003, there are approximately 569 Roman Catholic archdioceses and 2014 dioceses. Pic taken and uploaded by User: Aloysius Patacsil In a window in the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace in Honolulu, Pope Pius XI prayerfully gazes to Saint Joseph, patron of the universal Church, with Msgr. ... Pic taken and uploaded by User: Aloysius Patacsil In a window in the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace in Honolulu, Pope Pius XI prayerfully gazes to Saint Joseph, patron of the universal Church, with Msgr. ... Pope Pius XI (Latin: ; Italian: Pio XI; May 31, 1857 – February 10, 1939), born Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti, reigned as Pope from February 6, 1922 and as sovereign of Vatican City from 1929 until his death on February 10, 1939. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      This article is about a title... Headstone at the grave of Alencastre, last vicar apostolic of the Hawaiian Islands. ... The Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace is the oldest Roman Catholic cathedral in continuous use in the United States. ... The Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace is the oldest Roman Catholic cathedral in continuous use in the United States. ... Strictly speaking, stained glass is glass that has been painted with silver stain and then fired. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Pope (from Latin... The Holy See (Latin: Sancta Sedes, holy seat) is the episcopal see of Rome. ... This is a rather incomplete list of Roman Catholic dioceses, listing 488 of the approximately 3000 dioceses of the Church. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      This article is about a title... An Episcopal Area in the United Methodist Church is a basic unit of this denomination. ... The United Methodist Church is the largest Methodist denomination, and the second-largest Protestant one, in the United States. ... A see (from the Latin word sedem, meaning seat) is the throne (cathedra) of a bishop. ... It has been suggested that episcopal be merged into this article or section. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop. ... An ecclesiastical province is a unit of religious government existing in certain Christian churches. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of Freshwater The European Disability Year Events January events January 1 Luíz Inácio Lula Da Silva becomes the 37th President of Brazil. ...


The Orthodox Church calls its dioceses Metropolises. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Eastern Christianity. ...


The Church of England continued and developed this diocesan structure after the Reformation. The Church of England logo since 1998 The Church of England is the officially established Christian church[1] in England, and acts as the mother and senior branch of the worldwide Anglican Communion, as well as a founding member of the Porvoo Communion. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which began in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, but ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and Anabaptists. ...


In the later organization of the Roman Empire, the increasingly subdivided provinces were administratively associated in a larger unit, the diocese. (Latin dioecesis, from the Greek term διοίκησις meaning "administration"). Motto Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) The Roman Empire at its greatest extent. ... Map of the Roman Empire, with the provinces, after 120. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ...


The Catholic Church adopted the Roman diocesan structure of authority during the 5th and 6th centuries, as each bishop fully assumed the role of the former Roman praefectus. This transfer of authority from secular officials to ecclesiastical leaders was facilitated by the Christian practice of establishing areas of ecclesiastical administration that coincided with those of the Roman civil administration. In modern times, many an ancient diocese, though later divided among several dioceses, has preserved the boundaries of a long-vanished Roman administrative division. See also: Bishops and civil government. Europe in 450 The 5th century is the period from 401 to 500 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... The 6th century is the period from 501 - 600 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... The word prefect can refer to any of a number of types of official, including: in Latin, a praefectus was a high-ranking military or civil official in the Roman Empire. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      This article is about a title...

Contents

Christian hierarchy

Modern Christian usage of 'diocese' tends to refer to the sphere of a bishop's jurisdiction. This became commonplace during the self-conscious "classicizing" structural evolution of the Carolingian empire in the 9th century, but this usage had itself been evolving from the much earlier parochia ("parish"), dating from the increasingly formalised Christian authority structure in the 4th century (see EB 1911). Map of Carolingian Empire The term Carolingian Empire is sometimes used to refer to the realm of the Franks under the dynasty of the Carolingians. ... A parish is a type of administrative subdivision. ...


Other denominations

In the United Methodist Church, a bishop is given oversight over a geographical area called an Episcopal Area. Each Episcopal Area contains one or more Annual Conference, which is how the churches and clergy under the bishop's supervision are organized. Thus, the use of the term "diocese" referring to geography is the most equivalent in the U.M. Church, whereas each Annual Conference is part of one Episcopal Area (though that Area may contain more than one Conference). This article is about the current denomination africa. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      This article is about a title... An Episcopal Area in the United Methodist Church is a basic unit of this denomination. ... The United Methodist Annual Conference is the regional body that governs much of the life of the Connectional Church. ...


In Spanish-speaking countries, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints uses the term ward, rather than parish, to refer to the jurisdiction of the bishop and his counselors. However, the ward is not equal in size to a Catholic diocese; rather, a stake is. The Salt Lake Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is the largest attraction in the citys Temple Square. ... In The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, a ward is the larger of two types of local congregations (the smaller being a branch). ... In Mormonism, the Bishop is the leader of a local congregation and an office of the Aaronic Priesthood. ... A stake is an administrative unit composed of multiple congregrations in sects of the Latter Day Saint movement. ...


See also

The Anglican Church of Canada, an independent province of the worldwide Anglican Communion, contains thirty dioceses organised into four ecclesiastical provinces (not to be confused, though they often are, with the ACC itself as a province of the Anglican Communion, particularly as one of the ACCs four provinces is... This page is a list of Church of England Dioceses, along with their geographic location and the foundation dates of those founded in the modern era, i. ... The Church of Irelands diocesan system is based on the 900-year-old system set up by the Synod of Rathbreasail. ... The Episcopal Church in the United States of America is governed by 100 dioceses in the United States proper, plus eleven dioceses in other countries or outlying U.S. territories. ... In the Orthodox Church in America (OCA), the Diocese is the basic church body that comprises all the parishes of a determined geographical area. ... The following is a current list of Roman Catholic archdioceses ordered by country and continent. ... This is a rather incomplete list of Roman Catholic dioceses, listing 488 of the approximately 3000 dioceses of the Church. ... In the Roman Empire, an eparchy was one of the political subdivisions of the Empire. ... The Eastern Catholic Churches are autonomous particular Churches in full communion with the Pope of Rome. ... ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The term Oriental Orthodoxy refers to... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Assyrian Church of the East... A stake is an administrative unit composed of multiple congregrations in sects of the Latter Day Saint movement. ... Book of Mormon, see Latter Day Saint movement. ... Patriarchs Bishops of Rome (Popes of Roman Catholic Church) Patriarch of Venice Patriarch of Lisbon Patriarch of the West Indies Patriarch of the East Indies Patriarchs of Constantinople Latin Patriarch of Constantinople Armenian Patriarchs of Constantinople Patriarchs of Alexandria (43-460) Orthodox Patriarchs of Alexandria Coptic Patriarchs of Alexandria (Popes... A particular Church, in Catholic theology and Canon law, is any of the individual constituent ecclesial communities in full communion with Rome that are part of the Catholic Church as a whole. ... Ecclesiastical Latin, sometimes called Church Latin, is the Latin language as used in documents of the Roman Catholic Church. ... The Catholic Church in Great Britain is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, sometimes known as the Roman Catholic Church, under the spiritual government and teaching of the Pope and Catholic Bishops throughout the world. ... The Church of England logo since 1998 The Church of England is the officially established Christian church[1] in England, and acts as the mother and senior branch of the worldwide Anglican Communion, as well as a founding member of the Porvoo Communion. ...

Sources and external links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Diocese - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (908 words)
In Catholicism, the pope is the bishop of the diocese of Rome.
In Christian churches, the diocese is an administrative territorial unit administrated by a bishop, hence also referred to as a bishopric or episcopal see, though more often the term episcopal see means the office held by the bishop.
Between the 4th and 6th centuries, as the older administrative structure began to crumble, the role of the bishops in the western lands of the Empire enabled those lands and their peoples to maintain a semblance of civilisation as the authority of Rome vanished.
Diocese - definition of Diocese in Encyclopedia (301 words)
In the Roman Empire, a diocese was a city district or part of a province.
In the Roman Catholic and some Protestant churches, a diocese is an administrative territorial unit governed by a bishop, sometimes also referred to as a bishopric or episcopal see (more often the term episcopal see means the office held by the bishop).
Each diocese was governed by a praetor vicarius who was subjected to the praefectus.
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