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Encyclopedia > Dingane

Dingane kaSenzangakhona Zulu (ca. 1795-1840) was a Zulu chief who became king in 1828. The Zulu (South African English and isiZulu: amaZulu) are an African ethnic group of about 11 million people who live mainly in the province KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. ... Look up monarch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1828 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


He came to power after assassinating his half-brother Shaka with the help of another brother, Umthlangana, as well as Shaka's advisor Mbopa, where the modern-day town of Stanger is located, as the brutality of Shaka increased after the death of his mother Nandi. Image:KingShaka. ... Umthlangana (? - 1828) (also known as Mahlangane ?) was a Zulu prince - the son of Senzangakona, a brother of Shaka, and half-brother of Dingane and Mpande. ... KwaDukuza (also called Stanger) is a historic capital of the Zulus. ... Nandi (c. ...


Even though history today might judge Dingane as the king responsible for the fall of the Zulu military superiority in southern Africa at the time, Dingane was to a great extent a prolific leader who came into power at the wrong time so therefor even the great Shaka himself, had he not been murdered, the fall of the kingdom would have been inevitable. With vast numbers of Europeans making their way northwards from the cape colony, with weaponry that far superior to that of the Zulu spear, and their lust for land, even if it meant exterminating the whole Zulu people at the time, it would have been fighting a war that they would never win as the Xhosa found out in the South.


Many historians disagree that Dingan came into power at a critical moment in history and unfortunately he had to take the fall for mistakes that can be traced back as far as his great predecessor king Shaka, because had Shaka not awarded so much power to Theodore Shepstone, who was later peceived as 'Shaka' by the Zulu society after Shaka's death, things would have turned out different. Shaka by concluding that "white man were superior" was passing the next king a poisoned chalice, therefore the dimise of the kingdom was inevitable, and Dingan was the unfortunate king who was in power at that moment.


Dingane lacked Shaka's military and leadership skills, however, and the cracks in the kingdom began to show as rebel chiefs broke away. These cracks were exacerbated by armed conflict with the newly arrived Voortrekkers. The Voortrekkers (Afrikaans for pioneers, literally those who move ahead or first/forward traveler) were white Afrikaner farmers, then known as Boers, who in the 1830s and 1840s emigrated during a series of mass movements of a number of separate trekking contingents under different leaders in what is called the...


In November of 1837 he met with Piet Retief and, in return for them recovering some stolen cattle, signed a deed of cession of lands (written in English) to the Voortrekkers. Two days of feasting later, on 6 February 1838, he killed Retief's diplomatic party. At the same time, his forces ambushed and killed Retief's band, about 500 Boers, men, women, and children, at Weenen (Afrikaans, "weeping," in memory of the massacre). Dingane then sent his army with instructions to seek out and kill the other group of Voortrekkers under Andries Pretorius. The Zulu impis found the Voortrekker encampment and attacked, but were dealt a crushing defeat in the ensuing Battle of Blood River with an estimated 3000 Zulus killed for only three Voortrekkers lightly injured. Dingane's commander at the battle was Ndlela kaSompisi. | Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Afrikaners are white South Africans of predominantly Calvinist Dutch, German, French Huguenot, Friesian and Walloon descent who speak Afrikaans. ... Weenen is the second oldest European settlement in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. ... Andries Pretorius Andries Wilhelmus Jacobus Pretorius (November 27, 1798 – 23 July 1853) was a leader of the Boers who was instrumental in the creation of the Transvaal Republic, as well as the earlier but short-lived Natalia Republic in present-day South Africa. ... Combatants Voortrekkers Zulu Commanders Andries Pretorius Dambuza Ndlela kaSompisi Strength about 470 men between 10,000 and 20,000 men Casualties 3 wounded 3,000 dead The Battle of Blood River (Afrikaans: Slag van Bloedrivier) was fought on 16 December 1838 on the banks of the Blood River (Bloedrivier) in... Ndlela kaSompisi (died February 1840) was a key general to Zulu Kings Shaka and Dingane, and also served as Dinganes induna - his chief advisor. ...


In January 1840 Andries Pretorius, with a commando of 400 burghers, helped Mpande in his revolt against Dingane, which resulted in his overthrow and death. Dingane was assassinated in Hlatikhulu Forest by Zulu Nyawo, Sambane and Nondawana while on a military expedition. 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Andries Pretorius Andries Wilhelmus Jacobus Pretorius (November 27, 1798 – 23 July 1853) was a leader of the Boers who was instrumental in the creation of the Transvaal Republic, as well as the earlier but short-lived Natalia Republic in present-day South Africa. ... Mpande (1798 - 1872) was king of the Zulu nation from 1840 to 1872, making him the longest reigning Zulu king. ... Hlatikulu Forest is a forest in the Lebombo Mountains of South Africa, between Ingwavuma and the Pongola Gorge. ...


He was succeeded by Mpande - his (and Shaka's) half-brother. Mpande (1798 - 1872) was king of the Zulu nation from 1840 to 1872, making him the longest reigning Zulu king. ...

King of the Zulu Nation
Preceded by:
Shaka
Reign
1828-1840
Succeeded by:
Mpande

This List of Zulu kings gives a list of Zulu chieftains and kings from their earliest known history up to the current monarch: Mnguni Nkosinkulu Mdlani Luzumana Malandela kaLuzumana, son of Luzumana Ntombhela kaMalandela, son of Malandela. ... Image:KingShaka. ... Mpande (1798 - 1872) was king of the Zulu nation from 1840 to 1872, making him the longest reigning Zulu king. ...

External links

  • Dingane's kraal

  Results from FactBites:
 
Wikipedia: Dingane (116 words)
The Zulu chief Dingane came to power by assinating the founder of the zulu nation Shaka.
Dingane lacked Shaka’s military and leadership skills however and the cracks in the kingdom began to show as rebel chiefs broke away.
Subsequent Boer intervention in Zulu domestic affairs led in 1840 to the overthrow of Dingane and the crowning of Mpande his half-brother.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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