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Encyclopedia > Diminution

Diminution, from Italian diminuimento, is a musical term used to mean different things in the context of melodies and intervals or chords. Look up melody in Wiktionary, the free dictionary In music, a melody is a series of linear events or a succession, not a simultaneity as in a chord. ... In music theory, an interval is the distance in pitch between two notes, the lower and higher members of the interval. ... In music and music theory, a chord (from the middle English cord, short for accord) is three or more different notes or pitches sounding simultaneously, or nearly simultaneously, over a period of time. ...


A melody or series of notes is diminished if the lengths of the notes are shortened (this is opposed to augmentation, where the notes are lengthened). A melody originally consisting of four crotchets (quarter-notes) for example, is diminished if it later appears with four quavers (eighth-notes) instead. This technique is often used in contrapuntal music. It gives rise to the "canon in diminution", in which the notes in the following voice are shorter than those in the leading. In music and music theory augmentation is the lengthening or widening of rhythms, melodies, intervals, chords. ... Counterpoint is a very general feature of music (especially prominent in much Western music) whereby two or more melodic strands occur simultaneously – in separate voices, either literally or metaphorically (if the music is instrumental). ... This article is about the musical use of the word canon. For other uses, see canon (disambiguation). ...


An interval is diminished if it is narrowed; a diminished chord is one which contains a diminished interval. Thus a diminished fifth, for example, is a half step narrower than the perfect fifth, and a diminished chord is a minor chord whose fifth note has been lowered a half step. The opposite is augmented. Generally speaking, a diminished chord is a chord which has a diminished fifth in it. ... This article is about the musical interval. ... The musical interval of a perfect fifth is the relationship between the first note (the root or tonic) and the fifth note in a major scale. ... This article may be too technical for most readers to understand. ... A fifth may mean any of three things: 1. ... A half step is either: the interval of a minor second in music, or the half step (dance move) in dance. ...


In Schenkerian analysis a diminution is a division, rather than a diminishing is a prolongation or expansion, "the process by which an interval formed by notes of longer value is expressed in notes of smaller value," see nonchord tone. Schenkerian analysis is an approach to musical analysis devised by Heinrich Schenker. ... In music, especially Schenkerian analysis, a prolongation creates the detail of a musical composition by elaborating the background structure. ... A nonchord tone or non-harmony note is a tone in a piece of homophonic music which is not in the chord that is formed by the other tones playing and in most cases quickly resolves to a chord tone. ...


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CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Nature and Attributes of God (5901 words)
But the self-existing cannot be conceived as limiting itself, in the sense of curtailing its perfection of being, without ceasing to be self-existing.
Whatever it is, it is necessarily; its own essence is the sole reason or explanation of its existence, so that its manner of existence must be as unchangeable as its essence, and to suggest the possibility of an increase or diminution of perfection would be to suggest the absurdity of a changeable essence.
Changeableness implies the capacity for increase or diminution of perfection, that is, it implies finiteness and imperfection.
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