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Encyclopedia > Dime (U.S. coin)

A dime is a coin issued by the United States Mint with a denomination of one-tenth of a United States dollar, or ten cents. 1¢ euro coin A coin is usually a piece of hard material, generally metal and usually in the shape of a disc, which is used as a form of money. ... The United States Mint is responsible for producing and circulating coinage for the United States to conduct its trade and commerce. ... The United States dollar, or American dollar, is the official currency of the United States. ...

Dime (United States)
Value: 0.10 U.S. dollars
Mass: 2.268 g
Diameter: 17.91 mm
Thickness: 1.35 mm
Edge: 118 reeds
Composition: 91.67% Cu, 8.33% Ni
Obverse
Design: Franklin Roosevelt
Designer: John R. Sinnock
Design Date: 1946
Reverse
Design: torch, oak branch,
olive branch
Designer: John R. Sinnock
Design Date: 1946

In colloquial language, the word dime usually refers only to the ten-cent coin rather than to the quantity of money; one would not normally call two separate five-cent coins taken together a "dime". The word is not merely colloquial, but also official, and appears on the coin itself. The coins in the United States and Canada are similar to each other, and are physically the smallest coins currently produced by either country. The United States dollar, or American dollar, is the official currency of the United States. ... The gram or gramme, symbol g, is a unit of mass, and is defined in the SI system of units as one one-thousandth of a kilogram (i. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter), symbol mm is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter), symbol mm is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... General Name, Symbol, Number copper, Cu, 29 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 4, d Appearance copper, metallic Atomic mass 63. ... General Name, Symbol, Number nickel, Ni, 28 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 10, 4, d Appearance lustrous, metallic Atomic mass 58. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (897x904, 84 KB) The obverse of a United States dime. ... Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882–April 12, 1945), 32nd President of the United States, the longest-serving holder of the office and the only man to be elected President more than twice, was one of the central figures of 20th century history. ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Image File history File links The obverse of a United States dime. ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...

Contents


List of designs

  • Silver dimes
    • Draped Bust 1796-1807
    • Capped Bust 1809-1837
    • Seated Liberty 1837-1891
    • Barber 1892-1916
    • Mercury 1916-1945
    • Roosevelt 1946-1964
  • Copper-nickel dimes
    • Roosevelt 1965-present

The Seated Liberty designs appeared on most regular-issue silver United States coinage during the mid- and late-nineteenth century, from 1836 through 1891. ...

General history

While now made of sandwich-like clad layers of cupro-nickel (an alloy of 75 percent copper and 25 percent nickel), dimes were originally made of 89.24 percent silver and 10.76 percent copper, the expense of which required the coins to be very small in order to prevent their intrinsic value being worth more than face value. When the United States Mint removed the silver from circulating US coinage in 1965, they faced a technical challenge. ... Cupronickel is an alloy of copper, nickel and stengthening impurities. ... General Name, Symbol, Number copper, Cu, 29 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 4, d Appearance copper, metallic Atomic mass 63. ... General Name, Symbol, Number nickel, Ni, 28 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 10, 4, d Appearance lustrous, metallic Atomic mass 58. ... General Name, Symbol, Number silver, Ag, 47 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 5, d Appearance lustrous white metal Atomic mass 107. ... Intrinsic value in general, is the argument that the value of a product is intrinsic within the product rather than dependent on the buyers perception. ...


The dime is the only current U.S. circulating coin whose design contains no reference to "cent" or "dollar". This omission, along with the fact that it is smaller than both the U.S. one-cent and five-cent pieces, often leads to confusion among those unfamiliar with U.S. money. Bearing in mind that the name of the coin comes from the French dixième, meaning "one-tenth" (of a dollar), can help people remember its value. The original spelling on U.S. coinage was "disme," but the "s" was dropped in the 1800s. The United States one-cent coin, commonly called a penny, is a unit of currency equaling 1/100 of a United States dollar. ... The United States five-cent coin, commonly called a nickel, is a unit of currency equaling one-twentieth, or five-hundredths, of a United States dollar. ...


Dimes are important to the history of coins in that they were the first coins minted as part of the decimal system pioneered by the U.S. monetary system. The history of coins extends from ancient times to the present. ...


Early dimes (1796-1837)

The Draped Bust/Small Eagle design, minted in 1796 and 1797, was the work of then-Chief Engraver Robert Scot. The portait of Liberty was based on a Gilbert Stuart drawing of prominent Philadelphia socialite Ann Willing Bingham. All 1796 dimes have 15 stars, while 1797 dimes have either 16 stars (reflecting Tennessee's admission as the 16th state) or 13 stars (for the 13 original states, after the Mint deemed it impractical to continue the practise of adding a new star for each new state). 1796 was a leap year starting on Friday. ... 1797 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Robert Scot (d. ... Gilbert Charles Stuart (né Stewart) (December 3, 1755 - July 9, 1828) was an American painter. ... Philadelphia is a village located in Jefferson County, New York. ... A socialite is a person (male or female, but more often used for a woman) of social prominence who is considered to be an influential social figure. ... State nickname: Volunteer State Other U.S. States Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Governor Phil Bredesen (D) Official languages English Area 109,247 km² (36th)  - Land 106,846 km²  - Water 2,400 km² (2. ...


In 1798, the Heraldic Eagle reverse made its debut. The obverse continued from the previous series, but the eagle on the reverse was changed from the widely criticized "scrawny" hatchling to a scaled-down version of the Great Seal of the United States. Also the work of Robert Scot, this design continued through 1807, though no dimes dated 1799 or 1806 were made. 1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1807 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


The Draped Bust design was succeeded by John Reich's Capped Bust, which ran from 1809 to 1828 in the large size and from 1828 to 1837 in the small size. Both obverse and reverse were changed extensively. The Capped Bust design bears the unique distinction of being the only dime ever minted by the United States to bear an explicit indication of its value, with the lettering "10C" appearing on the reverse below the eagle. It also began the longstanding (though not unbroken; notable exceptions include the Barber dime, quarter, and half-dollar as well as the Lincoln cent) U.S. tradition of the obverse portrait facing to the left. Improvements in the striking process allowed the diameter to be reduced (and the thickness correspondingly increased) from approximately 18.8 millimeters to 18.5 millimeters in 1828, though the weight and purity were left unchanged. 1809 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1828 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1837 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


Seated Liberty dimes (1837-1891)

Christian Gobrecht designed this dime, whose obverse design, as was the tradition of the time, graced every circulating silver U.S. coin of the period. The most significant non-design change from the previous series was a reduction in diameter to 17.9 millimeters, a size that has continued to the present day, and a change in composition from .8924 fine silver (the balance made up in copper) to .900 fine silver. This was accompanied by a decrease in mass from 2.70 grams to 2.67 grams to maintain consistent silver content. Arrows at the date in 1853 and 1873 indicated changes in the coin's mass, initially from 2.67 grams to 2.49 grams to combat rising silver prices, then to 2.50 grams to make the dime one-tenth the mass of a French 5-franc piece. This latter alteration was brought about by the Mint Act of 1873, which, in an attempt to make U.S. coinage the currency of the world, added a small amount of mass to the dime, quarter, and half-dollar in order to bring their weights in line with fractions of the French 5-franc piece. See also [1]. The Seated Liberty designs appeared on most regular-issue silver United States coinage during the mid- and late-nineteenth century, from 1836 through 1891. ... Christian Gobrecht (1785–1844) was Chief Engraver of the United States Mint from 1835 until his death in 1844. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1873 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


There were several minor variants during the period. The initial design had no stars on the obverse. Thirteen stars (symbolizing the 13 original states) were added to the perimeter of the obverse in 1838. These were replaced with the legend "United States of America" in mid-1860. At the same time, the laurel wreath on the reverse was changed to a wreath of corn, wheat, maple, and oak leaves and expanded nearly to the rim of the coin, since the legend had been moved to the obverse. This design continued through the end of the series in 1891 and was changed only slightly by Barber in 1892. 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... 1891 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1892 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Barber dimes (1892-1916)

The Barber dime is so named for its designer, Charles E. Barber, who was Chief Engraver of the Mint at the design's inception. The design was shared with the quarter and half-dollar of the same period. Extensive internal politics surrounded the awarding of the design, which had initially been opened to the public. A four-member committee appointed by then-Mint Director James Kimball, which included Barber himself, accorded only two of more than 300 submissions an honorable mention. Kimball's successor, Edward O. Leech, decided to dispense with the committees and public design competitions and simply instructed Barber to develop a new design. It has been speculated that this is what Barber had intended all along. Charles Edward Barber (1840–18 February 1917) was Chief Engraver of the United States Mint from 1879 until his death. ... The quarter is 1/4th of a United States dollar or 25 cents. ... The Half Dollar of the United States has been produced nearly every year since the inception of the United States Mint in 1793. ...


"Mercury" dimes (1916-1945)

So-called "Mercury" dimes contain no mercury, nor do they depict the Roman messenger god. Adolph A. Weinman, the designer and a noted sculptor who had studied under Augustus Saint-Gaudens, stated that the obverse figure is a depiction of Liberty wearing a winged cap, symbolizing freedom of thought. It is considered by many to be one of the most beautiful designs ever to grace a United States coin. The reverse design, a fasces juxtaposed with an olive branch, was intended to symbolize authority, preparedness, and peace. General Name, Symbol, Number mercury, Hg, 80 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 12, 6, d Appearance silvery white Atomic mass 200. ... Roman mythology can be considered as two parts. ... This article treats Mercury in cult practice and in archaic Rome. ... Augustus Saint Gaudens, 1905 Augustus Saint-Gaudens (Dublin, March 1, 1848 - Cornish, New Hampshire, August 3, 1907), was the Irish born American sculptor of the Beaux Arts generation who most embodied the ideals of the American Renaissance. ... A statue of Cincinnatus resigning from dictatorship by returning the Roman fasces Fasces (the plural, almost a plurale tantum, of the Latin word fascis, bundle) symbolise summary power and jurisdiction. ...


The composition of the coin is standard for fractional currency of the time, .900 silver and .100 copper. The fasces was a symbol of Roman magistracy and eventually, imperialism. The "Mercury," or more appropriately, "Liberty Head" (the official designation) dime was the last regular issue of U.S. coinage to portray an allegorical obverse design (a phenomenon which from the earliest government issues had been pervasive). It is interesting to note that the fasces was the symbol of fascist Italy, and that movement's name was a derivation of the Roman symbol of power. A statue of Cincinnatus resigning from dictatorship by returning the Roman fasces Fasces (the plural, almost a plurale tantum, of the Latin word fascis, bundle) symbolise summary power and jurisdiction. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that existed in Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East between 753 BC and its downfall in AD 476. ... A cartoon portraying the British Empire as an octopus, reaching into foreign lands A cartoon showing the U.S. growing up and growing girth. ... A statue of Cincinnatus resigning from dictatorship by returning the Roman fasces Fasces (the plural, almost a plurale tantum, of the Latin word fascis, bundle) symbolise summary power and jurisdiction. ... Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, was the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ...


The 1916-D issue of only 264,000 coins is one of the most sought after (and expensive) in American numismatics (its rarity due largely to the fact that the overwhelming majority of the dimes struck at Denver in 1916 carried the pre-existing Barber design). Many coins in this series exhibit striking defects, most notably the fact that the line separating the two horizontal bands in the center of the fasces is often missing, in whole or in part; the 1945 issue of the Philadelphia mint hardly ever appears with this line complete from left to right, and as a result, such coins are extremely valuable. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


No dimes at all bear the dates of 1922, 1932, or 1933, and the next rarest date after 1916-D is 1921-D. Dimes dated 1923-D and 1930-D are counterfeit. The 1945-S is a variety and has both large and small mintmarks. 1922 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1932 is a leap year starting on a Friday. ... 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Roosevelt dimes (1946-present)

The modern dime bears Franklin D. Roosevelt's image partly in commemoration of his efforts for the March of Dimes campaign to fight polio from which Roosevelt suffered. [2] John R. Sinnock, the designer and then-Chief Engraver of the Mint, placed his initials, JS, at the base of Roosevelt's neck. Controversy immediately ensued as anti-Communist hysteria led to the circulation of rumors that the "JS" stood for Josef Stalin. The Mint quickly issued a statement refuting this. The reverse design of a torch, olive branch, and oak branch is intended to symbolize liberty, peace, and strength and independence. Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882–April 12, 1945), 32nd President of the United States, the longest-serving holder of the office and the only man to be elected President more than twice, was one of the central figures of 20th century history. ... Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), 32nd President of the United States (1933-1945), the longest-serving holder of the office and the only man to be elected President more than twice, was one of the central figures of 20th century history. ... March of Dimes is the name of several health charities in the United States and Canada. ... Poliomyelitis (polio), or infantile paralysis, is a viral paralytic disease. ... Anti-communism is opposition to communist ideology, organization, or government, on either a theoretical or practical level. ... Joseph Stalin Iosif (Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვილი; see Other names section) (December 21, 18791 – March 5, 1953) was a Bolshevik revolutionary and a political leader in the Soviet Union. ...


As with the quarter and half-dollar, 1964 was the last year of traditional .900 fine silver coinage. Beginning in 1965, the dime assumed its current composition, a "sandwich" of copper between two layers of an alloy of 75 percent copper and 25 percent nickel. This composition was selected because it gave similar mass (now 2.27 grams, the ratio to the old size is the same as the ratio of 2 lb to 1 kg, or of a short ton to a metric ton) and electrical properties (important in vending machines), and most importantly, because it contained no precious metal. The quarter is 1/4th of a United States dollar or 25 cents. ... The Half Dollar of the United States has been produced nearly every year since the inception of the United States Mint in 1793. ... 1964 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1965 was a common year starting on Friday (link goes to calendar). ... The short ton is a unit of mass equal to 907. ... A tonne (also called metric ton) is a non-SI unit of mass, accepted for use with SI, defined as: 1 tonne = 103 kg (= 106 g). ... A vending machine is a machine that dispenses merchandise when a customer deposits money, validated by a currency detector, sufficient to purchase the desired item (as opposed to a shop, where the presence of personnel is required for every purchase). ...


Soon after the change of composition, silver dimes (and quarters and half dollars) began to disappear from circulation, as people receiving them in change hoarded them. Although now very rare, silver dimes are still occasionally encountered in change. Their relative thinness and the growing population of people who have no idea of the reason for their unique appearance allow a dwindling, but still surviving, supply of the coins to remain in circulation.


External links

  • Official specifications
  • Dime-related humor


United States currency and coinage
Topics: Federal Reserve Note | United States Note | United States coinage | United States dollar
Currency: $1 | $2 | $5 | $10 | $20 | $50 | $100 | Larger denominations
Coinage: Cent | Nickel | Dime | Quarter | Half Dollar | Dollar

 
 

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