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Encyclopedia > Digital television in Europe

Contents

Digital television deployments by country

Belgium

Cable

In Belgium, over 94% of all households have cable television.


Telenet, the main cable operator in Flanders (the northern region of Belgium) has around 25 analogue TV channels which are also available digitally (MHP over DVB-C). In total about 80 TV channels are available digitally. This includes some TV channels that were already available in analogue and digital form: Canal Digitaal (in Dutch) or BeTV (in French) are pay-TV operators broadcasting several SDTV channels over one DVB-C multiplex. Telenet is however pushing for their DVB-C channels as interactive Digital TV, using their cable network for uplink purposes. Current cable customers do not need to pay an extra subscription for about 35 digital channels, but they must purchase a set-top box in order to view these digital channels and use the interactive services. HDTV was expected from summer 2006, to coincide with the 2006 FIFA World Cup, but has not materialized. Despite Telenet, the main cable operator in Flanders (the northern region of Belgium), confirmed as part of its launch announcement of "Telenet Digital TV" on June 16, 2005 that it would sell HDTV set-top-boxes as of June 2006, HDTV capable set-top boxes for telenet interactive digital TV are not yet available in early 2007. Telenet is the largest provider of broadband cable services in Belgium. ... Flanders (Dutch: ) is a large historical region overlapping Belgium, France and the Netherlands. ... Multimedia Home Platform (DVB-MHP) is an open middleware system standard designed by the DVB project for interactive digital television. ... DVB, short for Digital Video Broadcasting, is a suite of internationally accepted, open standards for digital television maintained by the DVB Project, an industry consortium with more than 300 members, and published by a Joint Technical Committee (JTC) of European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC... A Dutch satellite broadcaster. ... Pay television, or pay-TV, usually refers to subscription-based television services, usually provided by both analogue and digital cable and satellite, but also increasingly by digital terrestrial methods. ... ... DVB, short for Digital Video Broadcasting, is a suite of internationally accepted, open standards for digital television maintained by the DVB Project, an industry consortium with more than 300 members, and published by a Joint Technical Committee (JTC) of European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC... The term set-top box (STB) describes a device that connects to a television and some external source of signal, and turns the signal into content then displayed on the screen. ... Projection screen in a home theater, displaying a high-definition television image. ... Qualifying countries The 2006 FIFA World Cup was the eighteenth instance of the FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international association football world championship tournament. ... Flanders (Dutch: ) is a large historical region overlapping Belgium, France and the Netherlands. ... June 16 is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


From July 2005 Integan, a cable provider in the outskirts of the city of Antwerp, is offering HDTV.


Terrestrial

The two Belgian public TV networks, VRT (on the Flemish side) and RTBF (on the French-speaking side), also broadcast their channels in DVB-T. VRT can be received all over Flanders, whereas RTBF channels can still only be received around Brussels and the west of Wallonia from Tournai. Analogue terrestrial TV transmissions of VRT will end in 2010-2012. The Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroep, or VRT, is a publicly-funded broadcaster of radio and television in Flanders (northern part of Belgium). ... RTBF official logo RTBF or Radio télévision belge de la communauté française is the national broadcasting organisation of the government of the French-speaking southern part of Belgium, the counterpart to the Dutch-speaking VRT in the northern part of the country. ... A Francophone is a person who speaks French natively or by adoption (i. ... DVB-T stands for Digital Video Broadcasting - Terrestrial and it is the DVB European consortium standard for the broadcast transmission of digital terrestrial television. ... The Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroep, or VRT, is a publicly-funded broadcaster of radio and television in Flanders (northern part of Belgium). ... Flanders (Dutch: ) is a large historical region overlapping Belgium, France and the Netherlands. ... RTBF official logo RTBF or Radio télévision belge de la communauté française is the national broadcasting organisation of the government of the French-speaking southern part of Belgium, the counterpart to the Dutch-speaking VRT in the northern part of the country. ...


Satellite

TV Vlaanderen supplies DVB-S satellite television to the Flemish market, broadcasting (encrypted, Seca 2 / Irdeto 2) via the Astra 1G satellite. It has more than 30,000 subscribers. DVB, short for Digital Video Broadcasting, is a suite of internationally accepted, open standards for digital television maintained by the DVB Project, an industry consortium with more than 300 members, and published by a Joint Technical Committee (JTC) of European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC... Flanders (Dutch: ) is a large historical region overlapping Belgium, France and the Netherlands. ... SES Astra SA, a subsidiary of SES Global, is a Luxembourg-based (in Betzdorf) corporation which owns and operates the Astra series of geostationary satellites, which transmit approximately 1100 analogue and digital television and radio channels via 176 transponders to 91 million households across Europe. ... SES Astra SA, a subsidiary of SES Global, is a Luxembourg-based (in Betzdorf) corporation which owns and operates the Astra series of geostationary satellites, which transmit approximately 1100 analogue and digital television and radio channels via 176 transponders to 91 million households across Europe. ...


VRT and RTBF have an international channel on digital satellite (DVB-S) called BVN (as a cooperation between the Flemish Één and the Dutch NOS) and RTBF Sat. (See also Euro1080). DVB, short for Digital Video Broadcasting, is a suite of internationally accepted, open standards for digital television maintained by the DVB Project, an industry consortium with more than 300 members, and published by a Joint Technical Committee (JTC) of European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC... BVN-TV or short BVN (het Beste van Vlaanderen en Nederland; the best of the Netherlands and Flanders - also called: het Beeld van Vlaanderen en Nederland; The image of the Netherlands and Flandre) is a public television channel for Dutch and Flemish viewers all over the world. ... één is a public TV station in Belgium, owned by the VRT who also owns Ketnet/Canvas/Sporza. ... The Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS, Netherlands Broadcasting Foundation) is one of the Dutch broadcasters in the Dutch public broadcasting system, Publieke Omroep. ... The logo of the euro1080 channels, HD1, HD2 and HD5 Euro1080 was the first commercial broadcaster in Europe to air full time HDTV content (1920x1080ix50hz,dolby digital 5. ...


Mobile

With the advent of mobile digital receivers (DVB-H), Belgacom is showing some interest in building a DVB-H network. DVB-H (Digital Video Broadcasting - Handheld) is a technical specification for bringing broadcast services to handheld receivers. ... Belgacom SA (Euronext: BELG) is a Brussels-based Belgian telecommunications company. ...


IPTV

Belgacom is offering digital television on ADSL. Its offering has been extended with two optional bouquets: one providing movies and one selection for families (including cartoons, National Geographic, etc) Belgacom SA (Euronext: BELG) is a Brussels-based Belgian telecommunications company. ... Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) is a form of DSL, a data communications technology that enables faster data transmission over copper telephone lines than a conventional modem can provide. ...


The Belgian commercial TV stations are currently only available on cable and ADSL. Terrestrial broadcasting is limited to public service TV stations. This is due to the high adoption rate of cable (94%) in Belgium which makes it unnecessary to broadcast commercially.


Croatia

Terrestrial

Experimental digital terrestrial television broadcasting started in May 2002. As of October 2006, HTV 1, HTV 2, RTL Televizija and Nova TV are available on DVB-T in Zagreb, Split, Rijeka, Zadar and Osijek. Digital Terrestrial Television (DTTV or DTT) is an implementation of digital technology to provide a greater number of channels and/or better quality of picture and sound using aerial broadcasts to a conventional antenna (or aerial) instead of a satellite dish or cable connection. ... 2002 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December A timeline of events in the news for May, 2002. ... October 2006 is the tenth month of that year and has yet to occur. ... Croatian Radiotelevision or Hrvatska radiotelevizija (HRT) is the Croatian public broadcasting company. ... Croatian Radiotelevision or Hrvatska radiotelevizija (HRT) is the Croatian public broadcasting company. ... RTL Televizija is a Croatian commercial television network, 65. ... Nova TV is a Croatian commercial television network launched in November 2000. ... DVB-T stands for Digital Video Broadcasting - Terrestrial and it is the DVB European consortium standard for the broadcast transmission of digital terrestrial television. ... Zagreb (pronounced ) is the capital and the largest city of Croatia. ... For other uses, see Split (disambiguation). ... Rijeka (in local Croatian dialects Rika and Reka; Fiume in Italian and Hungarian. ... For other uses, see Zadar (disambiguation). ... Osijek (pronounced: []) is the fourth largest city in Croatia with a population of 114,616 in 2001. ...


Czech Republic

Experimental projects with DVB-T started in 2000. Final 21 October 2005 was launched multiplex A (DVB-T) with 3 channels of Česká televize and one of TV Nova and radio channels of Český rozhlas. Broadcasting can be seen in Prague, Central Bohemian Region, in surrounding areas of Brno and Ostrava. On April 12, 2006, six digital terrestrial television licenses were awarded to commercial broadcasters. The receivers of the licenses were: Z1, TV Pohoda, Regionální televizni agentura (RTA), Febio TV, TV Barrandov and Óčko. Z1 will provide a news service, TV Pohoda will run provide a children's service, Óčko will deliver a music service, and Febio TV & TV Barrandov will provide general programming services. It is planned that analogue transmissions will cease in 2012. October 21 is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 71 days remaining. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Logo of ÄŒeská televizes ÄŒT1 channel. ... TV Nova is a Czech TV station, founded by Vladimír Železný. It began broadcasting in 1994 as the first privately held nation-wide Czech TV station. ... ÄŒeský Rozhlas is the publicly-funded radio broadcaster in the Czech Republic. ... Nickname: Motto: Praga Caput Rei publicae Location within the Czech Republic Coordinates: , Country Czech Republic Region Capital City of Prague Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Pavel Bém Area  - City 496 km²  (191. ... Statistics Capital: Prague Area:11,014 km² Population:1,128,674 (2002) Map Central Bohemian Region ( Czech: Středočeský kraj) is an administrative unit ( Czech: kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the central part of its historical region of Bohemia. ... Coordinates: Country Czech Republic Region South Moravia Founded 1146 Area  - city 230. ... Czech Republic Moravian-Silesian Ostrava 23  - Moravská Ostrava a Přívoz  - Hošťálkovice  - Hrabová  - Ostrava-Jih  - Krásné Pole  - Lhotka  - Mariánské Hory a Hulváky  - Martinov  - Michálkovice  - Nová BÄ›lá  - Nová Ves  - PetÅ™kovice  - Plesná  - Polanka nad Odrou  - Poruba  - Proskovice  - Pustkovec  - Radvanice a Bartovice  - Stará BÄ›lá  - Slezsk... is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Z1 can refer to: Z1 (computer) Z1 class Melbourne tram The BMW Z1 This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Ocko (Óčko) is the first Czech music channel, which started broadcasting in 2002. ... Z1 can refer to: Z1 (computer) Z1 class Melbourne tram The BMW Z1 This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Ocko (Óčko) is the first Czech music channel, which started broadcasting in 2002. ...


Denmark

Free-to-air DVB-T was launched on 31 March 2006 with the transmission of the national public service channels DR1 and DR2, and TV2 and the regional TV2 TV channels. Other private TV channels are expected to follow suit. All analogue terrestrial TV transmission will end on 1 November 2009. March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (91st in leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... DR1 is a Danish television station. ... DR2 is a Danish television station. ... TV 2 is a Danish government-owned television station broadcasting from Odense on Funen. ...


DR and TV2 intended to broadcast the 2006 World cup in HDTV, although it would not be available in terrestrial (DVB-T).


Also, the first HD channel targeting the Nordic countries other than the Euro1080 channels (HD1,HD2,HD5) was launched in fall 2005 by C More Entertainment and was called C More HD. Broadcasting a few movies per night, it was only available for subscribers of the Canal Digital platform. C More Entertainment is a premium pay-TV Network, targeting the Nordic Countries. ... Canal Digital was founded in March 1997 as a joint venture between the French pay-TV company CANAL+ and the Norwegian state-telecommunications operator Telenor. ...


Faroe Islands

Digital terestrial television is now available to two-thirds the population of the Faroe Islands, offering 24 channels.


France

Terrestrial

France is quite late in the deployment of digital terrestrial television (DVB-T) known under the acronym of TNT (Télévision Numérique Terrestre), however it has formally arrived on the 31 March 2005 after a short testing period. Like Freeview it will support many new channels as well as the current terrestrial television stations. The FTA channels currently available are TF1, France 2, France 3, Canal+ (when programmes are non-encrypted), France 5, M6, ARTE, Direct 8, W9, TMC, NT1, NRJ 12, La Chaîne Parlementaire and France 4. A further four FTA television licences have also been awarded to BFM TV, i-Télé, Radio Europe 2 TV and Gulli which started broadcasts by October 2005. France Ô and possibly TV5 Monde are expected at a later date. Digital Terrestrial Television (DTTV or DTT) is an implementation of digital technology to provide a greater number of channels and/or better quality of picture and sound using aerial broadcasts to a conventional antenna (or aerial) instead of a satellite dish or cable connection. ... Télévision Numérique Terrestre logo TNT (Télévision Numérique Terrestre) is the national digital terrestrial service for France. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (91st in leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Freeview is the operator of free digital terrestrial television in the United Kingdom, using the DVB-T standard. ... TF1 is a private French TV network, controlled by TF1 Group, whose major share-holder is Bouygues. ... Canal+ (Canal Plus, meaning Channel Plus/More in French) is a French premium pay television channel launched in 1984. ... Métropole 6, known popularly as simply M6, is a French television service owned by a company called Métropole Télévision. ... Arte is a Franco-German TV network, which aims to promote quality programming related to the world of arts and culture. ... Direct 8 is a new French television network, owned by Vincent Bolloré. It is available through digital terrestrial television. ... W9 is a new French television network. ... Télé Monte Carlo or TMC Monte Carlo, traditionally known as TMC is a Monégasque general entertainment television channel. ... NT1 is a new French television network. ... NRJ (or energy) is a radio company and brand of commercial radio stations in Europe. ... BFM TV is a french 24-hour television news coverage. ... I>Télé (formerly I>Télévision, full name Information>Télévision) is a French digital channel launched on 4 November 1999. ... Gulli is a new French television network. ... TV5MONDE logo since January 1st 2006 TV5MONDE (formerly known as TV5) is a global television network, broadcasting several channels of French language programming. ...


Additional pay TV channels were launched in September 2005 using the MPEG4 format, unlike the rest of Europe which currently uses MPEG2. These channels are Canal+ Cinéma, Canal+ Sport, Paris Première, Planète, Canal J, Eurosport France, TPS Star, TF6, LCI, and AB1. Canal+ Sport, Paris Première and TPS Star have non encrypted programs at certain times in the evening. MPEG-4, introduced in 1998, is the designation for a group of audio and video coding standards agreed upon by the Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG). ... MP2, also known as Musicam, is a short form of MPEG-1 Audio Layer 2 (not MPEG-2), and it is also used as a file extension for files containing audio data of this type. ... Canal+ Sport 1 is a Scandinavian sports channel. ... Paris Première is a French television network broadcast on cable and satellite. ... Planète (The Planet) was a French fantastic realism magazine created by Jacques Bergier and Louis Pauwels. ... Eurosport is the largest European sports satellite and cable network available in 54 countries and broadcasting in 18 different languages. ... TPS Star is a french channel of cinema,sport and sitcoms Scrubs Joey Arrested Development Invasion Sleeper Cell Troy Scooby-Doo 2: Monsters Unleashed Go Category: ... TF6 is a chain of French television broadcasting entertainment intended for young adults. ... La Chaîne Info, or LCI (French: The News Channel) is a French cable news channel. ... // AB1 - Private Arte - Public Franco/German (see also List of German language television channels) Euronews - in seven languages LCI RTBF - Public, Belgium RTL9 - Private TSR1 - Public, Switzerland TSR2 - Public, Switzerland TV5MONDE - global diffusion of national programming by France 2, France 3, RTBF, TSR, TéléQuébec, Arte Terrestrial Channels...


Pay per view terrestrial channels use H.264 / MPEG-4 AVC. H.264 is a high compression digital video codec standard written by the ITU-T Video Coding Experts Group (VCEG) together with the ISO/IEC Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) as the product of a collective partnership effort known as the Joint Video Team (JVT). ...


DSL

Most ADSL providers in France now offer digital television packages through triple play boxes. However, some subscribers have access with too much attenuation distortion on their lines to benefit the offer, and the french territory has not yet been 100% covered by DSL. In telecommunications, the Triple Play service is a marketing term for the provisioning of the three services: high-speed Internet, television (Video on Demand or regular broadcasts) and telephone service over a single broadband connection. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


Cable

French cable providers Noos SA and UPC France SA and Numericable fusionned to become largest cable operator in France. Under diverse brands they provide digital television through set top boxes. Numericable is a French cable television operator, currently proposing standard triple play services. ...


Satellite

Digital satellite television has existed in France since 1997. CanalSat will launch its first HD channel (Canal+ HD) in April 2006. More channels will follow in the nearly future, including National Geographic HD from June 2006. This bouquet will require an additional fee of €9 and a new H.264 / MPEG-4 AVC HD set top box (Mediasat Max). CanalSat is a French digital satellite and DSL pay television service owned by Canal+ Group (66%) and Lagardere Active (34%), a subsidiary of Lagardère. ... Canal+ (Canal Plus, meaning Channel Plus/More in French) is a French premium pay television channel launched in 1984. ... H.264 is a high compression digital video codec standard written by the ITU-T Video Coding Experts Group (VCEG) together with the ISO/IEC Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) as the product of a collective partnership effort known as the Joint Video Team (JVT). ...


TPS, competitor of CanalSat, begun broadcasting in high definition.[1]. TPS is expected to merge with CanalSat in the nearly future TPS may refer to: Trading Partner system IATA code for Vincenzo Florio Airport Tall Poppy Syndrome Taxe de produits et services (Goods and Services Tax) Telephone Preference Service Télévision Par Satellite Temporary Protected Status Test Pilot School Test Procedure Specification The Pennington School The Petersfield School The Polyphonic... CanalSat is a French digital satellite and DSL pay television service owned by Canal+ Group (66%) and Lagardere Active (34%), a subsidiary of Lagardère. ...


Finland

Terrestrial

Finland took digital television into use on August 27 in 2001. As of 2006, digital television broadcasts from the A and B multiplexes can be seen by 99.9% of the population and those from multiplex C by 78%. Remaining 0.1% of population mainly in Lappland will be covered by satellite broadcasts. In addition, many cable providers in the biggest cities provide television broadcasts, including pay TV, in digital form. Digital television broadcasts can be received according to the DVB-T, DVB-C, DVB-S, and DVB-H specifications. There are altogether 15 television and 4 radio channels at the moment. In addition to the current analogue channels: YLE's TV1 and TV2, MTV3, and Nelonen, YLE Extra (Entertainment), YLE Teema (culture, education, and science-related), Urheilukanava (sports), SubTV (mostly re-runs of old TV-series and movies), and SEXTV.FI (pornography) are broadcast in digital form. All channels except Canal+ Film1, Canal+ Film2, Canal+ Sport1 and Canal+ Sport2 are broadcast free of charge. Two new paytv channels started up in November 2006: MTV3 MAX (men's network) and SubTV Juniori (cartoons). August 27 is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pay television, or pay-TV, usually refers to subscription-based television services, usually provided by both analogue and digital cable and satellite, but also increasingly by digital terrestrial methods. ... DVB-T stands for Digital Video Broadcasting - Terrestrial and it is the DVB European consortium standard for the broadcast transmission of digital terrestrial television. ... DVB, short for Digital Video Broadcasting, is a suite of internationally accepted, open standards for digital television maintained by the DVB Project, an industry consortium with more than 300 members, and published by a Joint Technical Committee (JTC) of European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC... DVB, short for Digital Video Broadcasting, is a suite of internationally accepted, open standards for digital television maintained by the DVB Project, an industry consortium with more than 300 members, and published by a Joint Technical Committee (JTC) of European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC... DVB-H (Digital Video Broadcasting - Handheld) is a technical specification for bringing broadcast services to handheld receivers. ... Analog television encodes picture information by varying the voltages and/or frequency of the signal. ... YLE (Yleisradio Oy) is Finlands National Broadcasting Company, founded in 1926. ... MTV3 is a Finnish commercial television station owned by Bonnier and Proventus. ... Nelonen or (Fyran in Swedish) is a Finnish commercial TV channel. ...


According to a survey by Finnpanel in June 2006, 50% of all households have digital television sets or set-top boxes. Almost half of the households have the ability to receive digital broadcasts. June 2006 : ← - January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → Extraordinary renditions. ... Television set may refer to: Television, a device to display television programs Television studio, an installation in which television or video productions take place Set construction, theatrical scenery This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... The term set-top box (STB) describes a device that connects to a television and some external source of signal, and turns the signal into content then displayed on the screen. ...


Under the current schedule analogue transmissions will cease on August 31, 2007. All stations will go offline simultaneously. is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


http://www.digitv.fi/english For up-to-date information


Mobile tv

After test period during 2005-2006, commercial mobile paytv service based on DVB-H standard will start in the beginning of 2007; among the services available will be Voice TV and Kiss digital radio. This cites very few or no references or sources. ...


IPTV

Elisa is offering digital television on ADSL. Elisa Oyj (Elisa) is a Finnish telecommunications company founded in 1882 (known until July 2000 as HPY or Helsingin puhelinyhdistys). ...


Cable

All paytv uses digital broadcasts but availability of DVB-C hardware is still limited. For example, there are only some television sets for DVB-C available as of 2006. Note that DVB-C set-top boxes have been available since 2001. Some HDTV -tests have been since 2005 but not yet commercial service. 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The term set-top box (STB) describes a device that connects to a television and some external source of signal, and turns the signal into content then displayed on the screen. ...


Satellite

Digital satellite television started in Nordic countries, and also in Finland, by Multichoice Nordic pay-tv platform during 1996. First set-top boxes available were manufactured by Nokia and Pace. After that service merged with Canal Digital which started late 1997. Competing paytv Viasat and YLE's channel TV Finland started digital broadcasts 1999. The term set-top box (STB) describes a device that connects to a television and some external source of signal, and turns the signal into content then displayed on the screen. ... Nokia Corporation (OMX: NOK1V, NYSE: NOK, FWB: NOA3) is currently the worlds largest manufacturer of mobile telephones, with a global market share of approximately 36% in Q1 of 2007. ... Pace Micro Technology Plc is a British manufacturer of set top boxes for digital and analogue satellite television, founded in 1982. ... YLE (Yleisradio Oy) is Finlands National Broadcasting Company, founded in 1926. ... TV Finland is a Finnish television channel available in Europe via satellite and in Sweden, Norway and Estonia also on some cable television networks. ...


Canal Digital launched some HDTV-channels, like Discovery HD, on their digital paytv-package during 2006. Pan-European HDTV-channel Euro1080 HD1 is available also in Finland [2]


Germany

Terrestrial

Terrestrial reception had lost most of its users by the 1990s due to extensive cable and satellite coverage. In a two step process in 2003 analogue terrestrial TV broadcasting in the states of Berlin and Brandenburg was switched off to be replaced by DVB-T, until 2005 about two-third of Germany's states at least started to replace analogue transmission, too. By 2006, all metropolitan and most of the rural areas have moved to digital transmission. DVB-T coverage is planned to be around 90% of Germany by end of 2007, analogue television broadcasting is to be completely terminated by 2010. Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ...   (Lower Sorbian: Bramborska; Upper Sorbian: Braniborska) is one of Germanys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


While the public broadcasters ARD and ZDF transmit throughout Germany, commercial stations are only available within metropolitan areas, so the number of available channels varies between about 10 and 30. All channels are free-to-air and the broadcasters rent transmissions services directly from a transmitter operator, which is usually the Deutsche Telekom. ARD stations additionally use their own transmitters, too. ARD (Arbeitsgemeinschaft der öffentlich-rechtlichen Rundfunkanstalten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland – the Consortium of public-law broadcasting institutions of the Federal Republic of Germany), is a joint organization of Germanys regional public broadcasting agencies. ... Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen (Second German Television), ZDF, is a public service German television channel based in Mainz. ... Free-to-air is a phrase used to describe television and radio broadcasts which are available without subscription and without decryption (pay-TV). ... [[Images:Bonn DTAG2. ...


Satellite

Digital satellite television has been available in Germany since 1996. Most of the 30+ TV stations broadcast their satellite signal in both analogue and digital (DVB-S) forms. There is currently a single Pay TV satellite operation in Germany Premiere World, which (in form of its former owner Leo Kirch) got into serious fiscal trouble due to its early and proprietary (Betacrypt, d-box) enforcement of DTV. Leo Kirch (born 21 October 1926 in Volkach, Bavaria) is a German media entrepreneur. ...


Broadcast is always in DVB and SDTV PAL. ... Television encoding systems by nation. ...


In autumn 2004 German channel group ProSieben showed a BBC documentary and a self produced TV movie, and in March 2005 the Hollywood flicks Spider-Man and Men in Black II using 1080i, MPEG-2 and DVB-S. These were intended to be a test for future commercial HD services. ProSieben is a commercial television station in Germany distributed to a large extent via cable and satellite along with DVB-T (Digital Video Broadcasting - Terrestrial) in larger population centres. ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, which is usually known as the BBC, is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion. ... If you are looking for a video game by this name or another movie, or any other use for Spiderman, please see the page Spider-Man_(disambiguation) Spider-Man is a 2002 superhero film based on the fictional Marvel Comics character Spider-Man. ... Men in Black II is a 2002 science fiction comedy action film starring Will Smith and Tommy Lee Jones. ... 1080i (pronounced ten eighty eye) is shorthand name for a category of video modes. ... MPEG-2 is a standard for the generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio information [1]. It is widely used around the world to specify the format of the digital television signals that are broadcast by terrestrial (over-the-air), cable, and direct broadcast satellite TV systems. ... DVB, short for Digital Video Broadcasting, is a suite of internationally accepted, open standards for digital television maintained by the DVB Project, an industry consortium with more than 300 members, and published by a Joint Technical Committee (JTC) of European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC...


Regular programming of the HD versions of ProSieben and Sat.1, both free to air, began on 26 October 2005 for at least one year. Most programming is upscaled SD material still. Unlike the test broadcasts, DVB-S2 and MPEG-4 AVC is now used, because this is what the major pay TV service Premiere announced to be using. ProSieben is a commercial television station in Germany distributed to a large extent via cable and satellite along with DVB-T (Digital Video Broadcasting - Terrestrial) in larger population centres. ... Sat. ... Free-to-air (FTA) television (TV) and radio broadcasts are sent unencrypted and may be received via any suitable receiver. ... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... DVB-S2 is a newer specification of the DVB-S (Digital Video Broadcasting) standard. ... H.264, MPEG-4 Part 10, or AVC, for Advanced Video Coding, is a digital video codec standard which is noted for achieving very high data compression. ...


Premiere itself, after several delays, finally started broadcasting three HD channels—one dedicated to each of movies, sports and documentaries—in November 2005, although there were virtually no suitable, certified receivers available on the market. The contents, too, is sparse and thus repeated often. Premiere reuses its proprietary digital rights management system embedded into its content scrambling system (Nagravision) from SD broadcasts to block analogue output of the movie channel from the receiving set-top box altogether, only allowing HDCP-secured transmissions; the other channels are less restricted. Film is a term that encompasses individual motion pictures, the field of film as an art form, and the motion picture industry. ... Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt, in one fashion or another, to document reality. ... Digital rights management (DRM) is an umbrella term referring to technologies used by publishers or copyright owners to control access to or usage of digital data or hardware, and to restrictions associated with a specific instance of a digital work or device. ... Nagravision is a company of the Kudelski Group that develops conditional access systems for cable and satellite television. ... The term set-top box (STB) describes a device that connects to a television and some external source of signal, and turns the signal into content then displayed on the screen. ... HDCP (High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection) is a specification developed by Intel Corporation to protect digital audio and video content as it travels across Digital Visual Interface (DVI) or High Definition Multimedia Interface (HDMI) connections. ...


For the time being, neither of the services is available via DVB-T nor DVB-C. DVB-T stands for Digital Video Broadcasting - Terrestrial and it is the DVB European consortium standard for the broadcast transmission of digital terrestrial television. ... DVB, short for Digital Video Broadcasting, is a suite of internationally accepted, open standards for digital television maintained by the DVB Project, an industry consortium with more than 300 members, and published by a Joint Technical Committee (JTC) of European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC...


German channels producers and hardware companies hope for a breakthrough of HDTV sales just before the FIFA World Cup 2006 which will be broadcasted in HDTV on Premiere, also via cable. Big marketing was done at the IFA 2005. However, first reports seem to indicate flat panel TV sales have not picked up as much as anticipated. [3] The 2006 FIFA World Cup was the 18th staging of the FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international association football world championship tournament. ... Coaxial cable is often used to transmit cable television into the house. ... The IFA or Internationale Funkausstellung Berlin (International radio exhibition Berlin) is one of the oldest industrial exhibitions of Germany. ...


Cable

Cable transmission is still mostly analogue with usually about 30 available channels. DVB-C transmission started in 2004 with the pay tv Premiere and a set of the digital versions of the analogue channels. Pay television, or pay-TV, usually refers to subscription-based television services, usually provided by both analogue and digital cable and satellite, but also increasingly by digital terrestrial methods. ...


The rather late changeover to DVB was caused both by the long process of selling the infrastructure from former monopolist Deutsche Telekom to others and the fact that the cable network ends at the curb or property, with the in-house cable in large apartment buildings being operated by a different company. Due to this, the new owners of Deutsche Telekom's cable network were in many cases not able to offer new products directly to the viewer. [[Images:Bonn DTAG2. ...


By 2006, there are three major cable operators, Unity Media in the states of Hesse and North Rhine-Westphalia, Kabel BW in Baden-Württemberg and the by far largest, Kabel Deutschland in the 13 other states. Today, all companies offer about 200 TV channels by DVB-C, which includes some 70 channels at no extra charge as well as a number of pay-per-view offers and subscription-based packages. In addition to that pay tv broadcasters Premiere (various genres) and, in some networks, Arena (offering Germany's premiere soccer league) are available. For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Hesse (German: Hessen) is a state of Germany with an area of 21,110 km² and just over six million inhabitants. ... Coat of arms Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DEA Capital Düsseldorf Prime Minister Jürgen Rüttgers (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  34,084 km² (13,160 sq mi) Population 18,033,000... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE1 Capital Stuttgart Prime Minister Günther Oettinger (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  35,752 km² (13,804 sq mi) Population 10,741,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 300... Kabel Deutschland is a cable company operating in Germany, serving some Bundesländer, but not Baden-Württemberg, North Rhine-Westphalia, Hessen and east Thuringia. ... Pay-per-view is the name given to a system by which television viewers can call and order events to be seen on TV and pay for the private telecast of that event to their homes later. ... Premiere is the first German Pay-TV company, offering several channels of digital content via satellite and cable. ... Arena is the German Pay-TV company that got the broadcast rights for German Fußball Bundesliga 2006/2007 (soccer 1st and 2nd league). ... The title of this article contains the character ß. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Fussball-Bundesliga. ...


In some very large apartment complexes a number of local and national companies operate an in-house cable network which is fed solely by its own satellite antenna on the building, not the local cable operator. The satellite channels are either transcoded into analogue transmission, receivable by any TV set without extra equipment, or into DVB-C.


Greece

In January 2006, ERT launched free-to-air Digital Terrestrial Television (DVB-T) with three channels called Prisma+, Cine+ and Sport+, collectively branded as ERT Digital. The first channel, Prisma+, is targeted at disabled people, Cine+ broadcasts movies, and Sport+ broadcasts sport programming. A set-top box is all that is required to view these channels. For the first 2 years, programs will last 6 to 10 hours each day (Cine+ already offers a 22 hour program). However, ERT is planning to make its own digital productions in order to deliver a 24 hour program for all three channels. As of March 2006 at least 65% of the Greek population is able to view DTT. A fourth channel, the Cypriot national channel's satellite program RIK sat, is retransmitted on digital together with the three ERT Digital channels on the same frequency. ERT can stand for: European Round Table of Industrialists, an influential European interest group Estrogen Replacement Therapy — see Hormone Replacement Therapy Electrical resistivity tomography, a geophysical imaging technique Elliniki Radiophonia Tileorassi, the Greek State Television Network Emergency Response Team, a SWAT-like branch of the RCMP Earth-received time, a... Digital Terrestrial Television (DTTV or DTT) is an implementation of digital technology to provide a greater number of channels and/or better quality of picture and sound using aerial broadcasts to a conventional antenna (or aerial) instead of a satellite dish or cable connection. ... DVB-T stands for Digital Video Broadcasting - Terrestrial and it is the DVB European consortium standard for the broadcast transmission of digital terrestrial television. ... ERT Digital logo. ... ERT Digital logo. ... ERT Digital or ERT Psifiaki is a new pilot project from ERT, the Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation. ... The Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation (Ραδιοφωνικό Ίδρυμα Κύπρου) or CyBC (ΡΙΚ) is Cyprus public broadcasting service, transmitting island-wide on four radio and two television channels. ... ERT Digital or ERT Psifiaki is a new pilot project from ERT, the Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation. ...


Ireland

Terrestrial

The deployment of digital terrestrial television in Ireland has had a chequered history, with the first tests being carried out in 1998, but no public trials until August 2006. ...

Cable

Digital cable (DVB-C) is provided by three of the firms involved in cable in Ireland. It is deployed on the entirety of the Casey Cablevision network, is available to the majority of the UPC cable network (formerly NTL Ireland and Chorus) The uptake rate of digital in enabled areas increasing rapidly, and many homes continue to use analogue cable to feed second televisions, video recorders and similar devices. The remaining, mainly small, cable firms do not provide any digital DVB, short for Digital Video Broadcasting, is a suite of internationally accepted, open standards for digital television maintained by the DVB Project, an industry consortium with more than 300 members, and published by a Joint Technical Committee (JTC) of European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC... Cable television in the Republic of Ireland is the most common system for distributing multi-channel television in the state. ...


Mobile

O2 Ireland and 3 Ireland have commenced trials of DVB-H. Vodafone Ireland and 3 Ireland already have significant digital video content distributed over their 3G and 3.5G (HSPDA) networks


MMDS

UPC Digital provides a cable-like service over an all digital MMDS network reaching over 80% of the country. This network operates at 2.5Ghz. SCTV Digital provides an advanced digital television service to Cork City and parts of County Cork. Operating at 11.7GHz to 12.5GHz, it delivers aproximately 60 digital television channels and video on demand services from "Sky By Wire". This service also offers a hardrive based PRV set top box allowing customers to pause, record and rewind live TV. The funcationality is similar to Sky+ or TiVo.[citation needed]


Satellite

Virtually all satellite reception, be it from Sky Digital, who are the dominant commercial satellite provider, or free-to-air setups, is digital. No Irish channels operate on analogue satellite. A typical daytime sky. ... Free-to-air is a phrase used to describe television and radio broadcasts which are available without subscription and without decryption (pay-TV). ...


Sky HD was launched by BSkyB on 22 May 2006 in both the United Kingdom and Ireland as an add-on to their existing Sky Digital service. Both 720p and 1080i are used. Some reports suggested that Sky's system will be capable of transmitting imported U.S. HDTV programming in its native 30 or 60 Hz vertical scan rates, in addition to domestic programming in 25 or 50 Hz. However, according to Sky's official website, only 25 and 50 Hz will be used. The Sky HD logo Sky HD is the brand name of the HDTV service launched by BSkyB on 22 May 2006 in the UK and the Republic of Ireland to enable high definition channels on Sky Digital to be viewed. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... May 22 is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Sky Digital is the brand name for British Sky Broadcastings digital satellite television service, transmitted from SES Astra satellites located at 28. ...


IPTV

Digital Television via IP is offered by Magnet Networks either over fiber optic networks in some new developments or over ADSL2+ in certain areas. A similar service is also available from Smart Telecom in apartment buildings and housing developements that have been pre-wired with fiber optic cables.


Italy

Terrestrial

In Italy the DVB-T (Digital Terrestrial Television, known as Televisione Digitale Terrestre in Italian) is expanding rapidly. Almost every major network in Italy—including RAI, Mediaset, La7, MTV—started digital transmissions (continuing with analog television transmissions at the same time anyway until the transition is completed). Starting from January 2005 some networks (notably Mediaset and La7) started offering pay TV services through a prepaid smartcard (soccer games, usually five euros per game). DVB-T stands for Digital Video Broadcasting - Terrestrial and it is the DVB European consortium standard for the broadcast transmission of digital terrestrial television. ... Digital Terrestrial Television (DTTV or DTT) is an implementation of digital technology to provide a greater number of channels and/or better quality of picture and sound using aerial broadcasts to a conventional antenna (or aerial) instead of a satellite dish or cable connection. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Mediaset is an Italian commercial television network. ... La7 is an Italian private television channel (usually referred to as the Seventh Channel) and considered as the third major network in Italy. ... MTV Italia, the Italian branch of MTV, is a national channel in Italy. ... Analog television (or analogue television) encodes television and transports the picture and sound information as an analog signal, that is, by varying the amplitude and/or frequencies of the broadcast signal. ... 2005 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → Deaths in January • 29 Ephraim Kishon • 25 Philip Johnson • 23 Johnny Carson • 22 Parveen Babi • 20 Jan Nowak-Jeziorański • 17 Virginia Mayo • 17 Zhao Ziyang • 15... Mediaset is an Italian commercial television network. ... La7 is an Italian private television channel (usually referred to as the Seventh Channel) and considered as the third major network in Italy. ... Pay television, or pay-TV, usually refers to subscription-based television services, usually provided by both analogue and digital cable and satellite, but also increasingly by digital terrestrial methods. ... A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ...


At the time of writing (May 2005) about 60% of the Italian territory is covered by digital television signal and the entire system is considered in an experimental phase until July 2005. Although at first the definitive switch off date was set by law to December 31, 2006 with a 100% coverage of the national territory, this date has been repeatedly pushed forward. At the time of this writing the complete switch off is set for 2012[1] The former Italian government (in charge until April 2006 and led by Berlusconi, the owner of Mediaset television network) started promoting the new standard by granting a financial contribution for the purchase of a MHP capable digital television decoder 2005 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → Wikimedia Commons has media related to: May 2005 Deaths in May May 26: Eddie Albert May 25: Ismail Merchant May 25: Sunil Dutt May 25: Graham Kennedy May 22: Thurl Ravenscroft May 21: Howard Morris May 21... Digital television (DTV) is a telecommunication system for broadcasting and receiving moving pictures and sound by means of digital signals, in contrast to analog signals used by analog (traditional) TV. DTV uses digital modulation data, which is digitally compressed and requires decoding by a specially designed television set, or a... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... 2012 (MMXII) will be a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section should be merged with Politics of Italy This article needs to be wikified. ... MHP may stand for: Multimedia Home Platform Managed Healthcare Professional This page concerning a three-letter acronym or abbreviation is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


On February 2006, during the XX Olympic Winter Games held in Turin, RAI has broadcasted a number of sport events using a 1080i signal and H.264/MPEG-4 AVC coding. The HD signal has been transmitted over the Turin area, using DVB-T hyerarchical modulation, and only specially crafted decoders have been able to receive this signal: they were placed in strategical points in the town. For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Neve and Gliz, the 2006 Olympics mascots, on display in Turin Italian €2 commemorative coin of 2006 celebrating the Turin games The 2006 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XX Olympic Winter Games, were celebrated in Turin, Italy from February 10, 2006, through February 26, 2006. ... “Torino” redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 1080i (pronounced ten eighty eye) is shorthand name for a category of video modes. ... H.264 is a standard for video compression. ...


Satellite

There has been digital satellite broadcasts since 1997. Currently Sky Italia pay TV plaftorm is broadcasting from Hotbird -satellites. HDTV regular services will start in June 2006 under the name Sky HD, with the broadcasting of the 2006 World cup in High Definition. Additional movie and sport channels are planned for the service. Sky HD will cost an additional €7 fee. SKY Italia is an Italian digital satellite television platform owned by News Corporation. ...


Malta

Two commercial licences were awarded in Malta in 2005 to Multiplus Ltd and Maltacom plc.


On July 2005, Multiplus Ltd started commercial operations in direct competition to the existing dominant cable operator utilising a total of 8 frequencies. Multiplus Ltd was acquired by Maltacom plc in February 2007, the latter still operating the Multiplus DTTV service under the same name.


Netherlands

Terrestrial

Due to the very extensive penetration of cable systems, usage of terrestrial television in the Netherlands is largely confined to remote rural areas and for portable televisions in caravans, etc.


Major radio and television transmitters in the Netherlands are operated by Nozema.


The national public broadcasting channels (publieke omroep) carry programmes from a large number of broadcasting organisations including AVRO, BNN, KRO, NCRV, TROS, VARA, VPRO and a number of others. NOS produces news bulletins and sports programmes and generally acts as the publieke omroep network coordinator. The national channels are called Nederland 1 (NED1), Nederland 2 (NED2) and Nederland 3 (NED3). In addition there are separate regional television stations for most or all of the Dutch provinces such as Drenthe, Flevoland, Friesland (Fryslan), Zeeland and so on. Avro 504K. Avro was a British aircraft manufacturer, well known for planes such as the Avro Lancaster which served in World War II. One of the worlds first aircraft builders, A.V.Roe and Company was established at Brownsfield Mills, Manchester, England by Alliot Verdon Roe and his brother... BNN, Barts Neverending Network, is a public-service broadcasting network in the Netherlands, which was founded on August 15, 1997 and is primarily targeted at a younger -teen to young adult- audience. ... Kro (sometimes referred to as the Warlord Kro) is a is a Marvel Comics supervillain. ... NCRV or Nederlandse Christelijke Radio Vereniging (Dutch Christian Radio Association) is a radio and television broadcaster in the Netherlands, mostly transmitting over Nederland 1. ... In Greek mythology, King Tros of Dardania, son of Erichthonius from whom he inherited the throne and the father of three named sons: Ilus, Assaracus, and Ganymedes. ... The Omroepvereniging VARA (VARA Broadcasting Association) is a public broadcasting organization in the Netherlands, founded in 1925 as the Vereeniging van Arbeiders Radio Amateurs (Association of Worker Radio Amateurs). ... The VPRO (originally an acronym for Vrijzinnig Protestantse Radio Omroep, or free-thinking protestant radio broadcasting company, but since long the acronym has been kept but its meaning dropped) was established in the Netherlands in 1926 as a religious broadcasting organization, linked to the protestant pillar. ... The Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS, Netherlands Broadcasting Foundation) is one of the Dutch broadcasters in the Dutch public broadcasting system, Publieke Omroep. ... For the Dutch footballer, see Royston Drenthe. ... Flevoland is a province of the Netherlands. ... Capital Leeuwarden Queens Commissioner drs. ... Capital Middelburg Queens Commissioner drs. ...


DVB-T transmissions in the Netherlands are provided commercially by KPN daughter company Digitenne. They offer 25 TV channels and 16 radio channels. NED1, NED2, NED3 and regional channels are free-to-air. The Digitenne system requires the use of a special powered aerial. KPN (in full Koninklijke KPN N.V., Royal KPN NV) (NYSE: KPN) is a Dutch fixed-line and mobile telecommunications company, including both 2G and 3G mobile operations. ...


At some time in the past NOS stated that they would stop broadcasting analogue television from January 2006. This did not happen.


In May 2006 the Dutch government announced that analogue television broadcasting would cease on 30 October 2006.


On September 15, the Dutch parliament and the Dutch government agreed that the date for analogue terrestrial switch-off would be 11 December 2006. NED1, NED2, NED3 and the regional television channels will be made free-to-air on satellite DVB-S and will be free-to-air on digital terrestrial transmission DVB-T. The signal was switched off at the planned date and as of December 11, all terrestrial television broadcast in The Netherlands is digital.


The Netherlands is the second country in Europe to entirely convert to digital terrestrial broadcasting, the first being Luxembourg.


Cable

All the major cable companies are offering at least some digital services, with 1080i being rolled out in many areas in time for the 2006 Football World Cup. In 2008 at least 80% to 97% of the television stations will broadcast in HD. 1080i (pronounced ten eighty eye) is shorthand name for a category of video modes. ... The final stages of the 2006 Football World Cup (officially titled 2006 FIFA World Cup Germanyâ„¢) are scheduled to take place in Germany between 9 June and 9 July. ...


Norway

The introduction of DVB-T is regulated by the ministry of culture and church affairs. So far Norway has developed slowly on DVB-T compared to main European countries, but pace is picking up as the Norwegian government now wants to close analogue TV broadcasting by 2009. In June 2002, a 12-year nationwide licence, including the roll-out of infrastructure, was publicly announced, met only by the application of Norges Televisjon as (NTV), a joint venture between the state-owned broadcaster NRK and the leading private broadcaster TV2. In February 2004, the Norwegian parliament passed the final regulations on digital broadcasting to the ministry of culture and church affairs, leaving the ministry to create a licence agreement for NTV. The ministry showed their proposal for a licence in December 2004. NTV was faced with more complicated regulations than they expected (such as the licence running already from roll-out of infrastructure). Therefore, in February 2005 NTV applied for extending their licence period from 12 yrs to 15 yrs, and consequently the ministry publicly announced the licence once again, announcement period expiring May 2, 2005. If licence is granted NTV during 2005, the company says it plans to roll-out infrastructure during 2006-2009, offering the Norwegian public between 15 and 18 TV stations; of them NRK1, NRK2, TV2, TV2 Zebra and a local channel. The EFTA competition authorities, ESA, has protested on the application process, saying the ministry is not in position to grant the DVB-T licence to a state-owned company like NTV, but ministry says this protest will not affect their decision. Here is a press release in Norwegian from the ministry dated March 7, 2005 announcing the extended licence for digital television. Norway will use DVB H.264/MPEG-4 AVC Official DVB logo, found on compliant devices DVB, short for Digital Video Broadcasting, is a suite of internationally accepted, open standards for digital television maintained by the DVB Project, an industry consortium with more than 270 members, and published by a Joint Technical Committee (JTC) of European Telecommunications Standards Institute... Official DVB logo, found on compliant devices DVB, short for Digital Video Broadcasting, is a suite of internationally accepted, open standards for digital television maintained by the DVB Project, an industry consortium with more than 270 members, and published by a Joint Technical Committee (JTC) of European Telecommunications Standards Institute... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 7 is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Poland

Terrestrial

In April 2004, first DVB-T transmitter near Rzeszów started operation, and local TVP division started to market set-top boxes allowing to receive it. As of February 2007, there are totally 5 DVB-T transmitters operating in Poland. They are all still in test state, and only three main TVP channels are available in digital on terrestrial. It is expected that DVB-T will become available for commercial broadcasters in near future. However, as of February 2007, there is no law in legal force allowing for it. This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... DVB-T stands for Digital Video Broadcasting - Terrestrial and it is the DVB European consortium standard for the broadcast transmission of digital terrestrial television. ... Rzeszów ( ) is a city in south-eastern Poland with a population of 164,000 (2005), granted a town charter in 1354, the capital of the Subcarpathian Voivodeship (since 1999), previously of Rzeszów Voivodeship (1945-1998). ... Telewizja Polska Spółka Akcyjna (TVP S.A., Polish Television) is Polands public television network broadcasting corporation. ... The term set-top box (STB) describes a device that connects to a television and some external source of signal, and turns the signal into content then displayed on the screen. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


Cable

Some of the biggest cable operators started to provide DVB-C channels in few cities. However, most of the cable networks currently operating in Poland are purely analogue. DVB, short for Digital Video Broadcasting, is a suite of internationally accepted, open standards for digital television maintained by the DVB Project, an industry consortium with more than 300 members, and published by a Joint Technical Committee (JTC) of European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC...


IPTV

Lately, Telekomunikacja Polska introduced a new option to its Neostrada offer, the Videostrada. It allows to receive digital TV, available are most of Cyfra+ channels (the platform is known as Cyfra+DSL), as well as video on demand. It is currently available only in few biggest cities in Poland. Telekomunikacja Polska (Polish Telecom) is Polands former state telephone monopoly, which still dominates the telecom industry. ... Neostrada is an ADSL service provided by TPSA in Poland. ... Cyfra+ is a Polish digital satellite platform, owned and operated by French media company Canal+ (Cyfra is Polish for Digit). It offers 600 radio and TV channels. ... Video on demand (VOD) systems allow users to select and watch video and clip content over a network as part of an interactive television system. ...


Satellite

In 1998, two DVB-S providers, Cyfra+ and Wizja TV (later these two merged into one platform, the New Cyfra+), started operation. 1999 saw the introduction of another platform, Polsat 2 Cyfrowy (later renamed to Polsat Cyfrowy and finally Cyfrowy Polsat), owned by Polsat, the biggest Polish commercial TV network. These platforms become very popular, and today, there are only few Polish channels available on analogue satellite, and all of the remaining broadcasters switched to digital. However, most of the satellite broadcasts in Poland are in SDTV resolution. Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... DVB, short for Digital Video Broadcasting, is a suite of internationally accepted, open standards for digital television maintained by the DVB Project, an industry consortium with more than 300 members, and published by a Joint Technical Committee (JTC) of European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC... Cyfra+ is a Polish digital satellite platform, owned and operated by French media company Canal+ (Cyfra is Polish for Digit). It offers 600 radio and TV channels. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... Polsat is Polands second biggest television channel, founded in 1992 and owned by Zygmunt Solorz-Żak. ... ...


On June 24, 2006, ITI, the largest media company in Poland, announced that it will launch a bouquet of 3 HDTV channels by satellite in the Fall of 2006. It has also been rumoured that TVP, Poland's public TV, will also begin broadcasting its main channels in HDTV to ITI's reviewers. June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 190 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Telewizja Polska Spółka Akcyjna (TVP S.A., Polish Television) is Polands public television network broadcasting corporation. ...


On October 12, 2006, ITI launched the n platform with few HD channels available, as well as - also new in Poland - video on demand functionality. Later, in December 2006, Cyfra+ also started HD broadcasts. Cyfrowy Polsat plans to start HD broadcasts in second half of 2007. is the 285th day of the year (286th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The correct title of this article is . ... Video on demand (VOD) systems allow users to select and watch video and clip content over a network as part of an interactive television system. ... Look up December in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Cyfra+ is a Polish digital satellite platform, owned and operated by French media company Canal+ (Cyfra is Polish for Digit). It offers 600 radio and TV channels. ...


Mobile

Several TV channels, as well as video on demand, are available in Polish mobile telephony networks. There are no currently operating dedicated mobile TV transmitters.


Portugal

Terrestrial

Currently, Portugal is the only country in Europe without terrestrial digital television. This service isn't planned to start. It is believed that analogue television will continue beyond the EU deadline of 2012.


Cable

All cable providers in Portugal are (very) slowly introducing digital television. TV Cabo has already started one since 2003, but it is quite poor in amount of channels (only 60) and image quality, which is very compressed even in premium channels. TV Cabo, a division of Portugal Telecom, is the main cable television provider of Portugal. ...


Satellite

Digital satellite services have existed since 1998. Currently, the providers are TV Cabo and TVTEL, operating in Hispasat and Eurobird 9 respectively. Hispasat is a group of Spanish communication satellites . ...


IPTV

Clix has launched this service under the name of Smartv, provided in Amino STBs. PT Comunicações (Portugal Telecom) has also launched one called Meo, providing that the spin-off of subsidiary TV Cabo (PT Multimédia) is concluded. A brand of pre-painted miniatures game by WizKids featuring rotating statistics dials in the base of the figures. ... Portugal Telecom (Euronext: PTC, NYSE: PT) is the biggest telecommunications operator in Portugal. ... Meo is the commercial name of the IPTV television over ADSL service of Portugals PT Comunicações telco company. ... TV Cabo, a division of Portugal Telecom, is the main cable television provider of Portugal. ...


Mobile

All operators have mobile TV under UMTS platforms.


Spain

Terrestrial

Spanish digital television market began in 1997, with the start of two competing pay per view platforms (Canal Satélite digital and Vía Digital). The merger of the former created Digital Plus in 2002.


The case of digital terrestrial television is very alike to the failure of ITV Digital in the United Kingdom. Digital terrestrial television was introduced in the country by the pay per view platform Quiero Television. In May 2002, state wide operators were required to start broadcasting in DVB-T. Yet, Quiero TV ceased transmissions in 2002 after a commercial failure . Unlike the UK, the three and half multiplexes left by the platform were not reassigned to other operators, and so 5 channels were squashed into a single multiplex. Quiero Television was one of the first companies to provide Digital Terrestrial Television DTT (Televisión Digital Terrestre TDT)in Spain. ... DVB-T stands for Digital Video Broadcasting - Terrestrial and it is the DVB European consortium standard for the broadcast transmission of digital terrestrial television. ...


On November 30, 2005, Digital Terrestrial Television was relaunched as a free service with 20 channels and 14 radio stations, along with 23 regional and local language channels in their respective areas. Currently about 80% of the population can receive DTT, and this figure is expected to reach 90% by 2008. The channels are broadcast simultaneously with the analog signal and each multiplex has a minimum of 4 channels each. Aragón Televisión is using spare bandwidth in its own digital multiplex to broadcast a test HD stream. Aragón Television is a regional television channel owned by Aragón Television began broadcasting tests at the beginning of December 2005. ...


Cable

Digital cable is slowly replacing the aging analogue service of the major cable provider Ono.Telecable, a cable ISP operating in Asturias has begun trials for 100 mpbs services. A HDTV bouquet is planned to be launched after the end of the tests. ONO is a cable company that operates in Spain offering Triple Play services (telephone, Internet and television). ... Anthem: Asturias, patria querida Capital Oviedo Official language(s) Spanish; Asturian have special status Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 10th  10,604 km²  2. ...


Satellite

Digital satellite services has existed since 1997 from Astra and Hispasat -satellites. The Digital+ pay platform has carried some HDTV tests on Astra in June 16 2005. They consisted of some clips from Canal plus best known programs, such as "lo más +", "Las noticias del guiñol", "La hora wiki", and "código cine". No formal plans for HD services have been announced yet, although unofficial sources point out that a HD bouquet could be launched in late 2006. Digital Plus Digital+ is a Spanish satellite platform who offers a variety of channels, national and international and pay per view films and football, known as Taquilla. It is a subdivision of Sogecable, and was founded in July 23, 2003 as a result of the merger of Via Digital (owned... // Astra may refer to: Astra (Marvel), Marvel comics character Astra missile, under development by India Astra (album), a 1985 album by Asia Astra (manga), by Jerry Robinson. ... Canal+ (Canal Plus, meaning Channel Plus/More in French) is a French premium pay television channel launched in 1984. ... A guiñol of Michael Robinson, the presenter of the show Las noticias del guiñol (The news of guignol) is a satirical news program that airs on Canal+ in Spain. ...


IPTV

Telefónica will also begin trials of VDSL services up to 52 Mbit/s. The company might introduce HDTV in 2007 by upgrading its ADSL pay TV service Imagenio to VDSL. Currently, there is a limited trial in Telefónica's I+D labs. For the Puerto Rico telecommunications company of the same name, see Puerto Rico Telephone Company. ... It has been suggested that VDSL2 be merged into this article or section. ... Imagenio is the comercial name of the IPTV , Television over ADSL , service of Spains Telefonica company. ...


Sweden

Terrestrial

In 1996, the Swedish parliament decided that terrestrial digital broadcasts (DVB-T) were the future of terrestrial broadcasting. The government presented its proposition to the parliament in March 2003. In the early summer of 2003, the parliament committed to a plan where the analog terrestrial broadcasting would be shut down in February 2008. As of May 2004, 23% of the population had access to equipment for receiving digital broadcasts. The digital broadcasts cover 90% of the population, and the plan is to cover 99.8% before the termination of the analog network. Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... The parliament building from outside. ... March 2003 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December - → // Events March 1, 2003 Iraq disarmament crisis: The Turkish speaker of Parliament voids the vote accepting U.S. troops involved in the planned invasion of Iraq into Turkey on constitutional grounds. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


All channels are free to choose whether they want to be encrypted or free-to-air, except for the channels from Utbildningsradion and Sveriges Television and the TV4-channel which must be free-to-air. As of May 2005, most Swedes can receive about 25 channels through the terrestrial network, but only about eight of them are free-to-air. Swedish government have given permission to only one company (boxer) who charges for encrypted channels. This may consequently fine the permission giver in lack of competition on the terrestrial television market. To watch encrypted channels, a decryption card from Boxer TV Access is needed. Sveriges Television (SVT) is a national publicly-funded television broadcaster based in Sweden. ... Boxer TV Access is the Swedish digital terrestrial television (DTT) pay-TV-provider. ...


The analogue shutdown began 2005-09-19, when the analogue transmitters covering the island of Gotland went offline. Two more main transmitters (in Gävle and Motala) were shut down later in 2005. The remaining transmitters will shut down at set dates[4] spread over the following two years. The shutdown of the Malmö transmitter scheduled at 2007-10-15 ends the transition, leaving all terrestrial broadcasts digital. Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...   is a county and province of Sweden and the largest island in the Baltic Sea. ... Gävle [jÉ›vlÉ™] is a Swedish city in east central Sweden with 81,000 inhabitants, and the seat of Gävle Municipality (pop. ... Motala (population 42,175) is a Municipality in Östergötland County, in southeast Sweden. ... Motto: FrÃ¥n arbetarstad till kunskapsstad (eng: From industrial city to knowledge city) Location of Malmö in northern Europe Coordinates: , Country  Sweden Municipality Malmö Municipality County SkÃ¥ne County Province Scania (SkÃ¥ne) Charter 13th century Government  - Mayor Illmar Reepalu Area  - City 335. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


The decision to cancel analogue broadcasts does not necessarily affect cable television, whose viewers for the most part can continue without digital set-top boxes beyond 2008. Coaxial cable is often used to transmit cable television into the house. ...


The parliament and the ministry of culture determine what channels are allowed to broadcast digitally. The level of governmental control has generated some controversy. The parliament building from outside. ...


In December 2005, Swedish state-owned transmitter operator Teracom presented terrestrial HDTV broadcasts using the MPEG-4 encryption standard. Teracom is a terrestrial broadcast service company owned by the Swedish government. ...


Swedish public broadcaster Sveriges Television (SVT) announced in February 2006 that they intended to broadcast the 2006 FIFA World Cup in HD. The World Cup will be broadcast in HD in a joint channel from SVT and commercial TV4. It would be available nationwide from the Canal Digital satellite platform and free-to-air from selected terrestrial transmitters. Sveriges Television (SVT) is a national publicly-funded television broadcaster based in Sweden. ... Qualifying countries The 2006 FIFA World Cup was the eighteenth instance of the FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international association football world championship tournament. ... TV4 AB (previously known as Nordisk Television AB) is a Swedish media company that owns the largest commercial television channel in Sweden, TV4. ... Canal Digital was founded in March 1997 as a joint venture between the French pay-TV company CANAL+ and the Norwegian state-telecommunications operator Telenor. ...


After the World Cup, SVT intends to start a separate HD channel named SVT HD. SVT HD is a Swedish high-definition television channel from from Sveriges Television. ...


Satellite

Canal Digital is also available in Sweden, and so is Viasat and C More HD


Ukraine

Terrestial

Experimental DVB-T broadcasts of few channels started in Kyiv and some other big cities, with no seroius digital switchover plans yet. Kiev (Київ, Kyiv, in Ukrainian; Киев, Kiev, in Russian) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper river. ... Digital switchover is the name given to the process in which analogue broadcast television in an area is converted to digital television. ...


Satellite

An affiliate of the Russian "NTV Plus" satellite network in present, selling special Ukrainian packages of "NTV Plus".


MMDS

Commercial MMDS digital TV services work in Kyiv and some other cities. Multichannel multipoint distribution service, also known as MMDS or wireless cable, is a wireless telecommunications technology, used for general-purpose broadband networking or, more commonly, as an alternative method of cable television programming reception. ...


Cable

DVB-C services delivering premium channels (in addition to standard analogue channels) launched in cable networks of Kyiv, Odessa, Kremenchuk, Poltava, Donetsk and some other cities. Kiev (Київ, Kyiv, in Ukrainian; Киев, Kiev, in Russian) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper river. ... Map of Ukraine with Odessa highlighted. ... Kremenchuk (Ukrainian: , Russian: , translit. ... Location Map of Ukraine with Poltava highlighted. ... Map of Ukraine with Donetsk highlighted. ...


United Kingdom

The UK has three major forms of digital television, a direct-to-home satellite service provided by British Sky Broadcasting (commonly known as Sky), digital cable television services provided by Virgin Media (formerly Telewest, NTL, and Virgin Mobile), and WightCable and a free-to-air digital terrestrial service called Freeview. An Earth observation satellite, ERS 2 For other uses, see Satellite (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Virgin Media Inc. ... Virgin Mobile Ltd is a mobile phone service provider operating in the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, South Africa, the United States and France. ... WightCable is a provider of commercial and residential cable television, telephone and broadband internet services in the United Kingdom. ... Freeview is the operator of free digital terrestrial television in the United Kingdom, using the DVB-T standard. ...


Terrestrial

Main article: Digital terrestrial television in the United Kingdom

The initial attempt at launching a digital terrestrial broadcasting service, ONdigital (later called ITV Digital), was unsuccessful and the company went into liquidation. Some observers have argued that this failure stemmed from the Government's eagerness in having sold off too much TV spectrum to launch Channel 5 (the last UK terrestrial analogue channel), and ONdigital's short-sightedness in over-extending its use of available bandwidth: using poor signal encoding to maintain compatibility with early set-top boxes, optimising their broadcasts for capacity rather than reliability, and cramming too many channels into the available bandwidth. Digital terrestrial television in the United Kingdom is made up of over fifty primarily free-to-air television channels (including all the national analogue stations) and over twenty radio channels from Freeview, Top Up TV and Setanta Sports. ... ITV Digital used to be the sole British terrestrial digital television broadcaster. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Five (often referred as five, as per the logo), formerly, and more commonly known as Channel 5, is the British fifth and final national analogue terrestrial TV channel. ... The term set-top box (STB) describes a device that connects to a television and some external source of signal, and turns the signal into content then displayed on the screen. ...


ITV Digital was replaced in late 2002 by Freeview, which uses the same DVB-T technology, but with higher levels of error correction and more robust (but lower-capacity) modulation on the "Public Service" multiplexes in an attempt to counter the reception problems which dogged its predecessor. Rather than concentrating on Pay TV services, Freeview uses the available capacity to provide a free-to-air service that includes all the existing five free-to-air analogue terrestrial channels and about twenty new digital channels. All services are transmitted in SDTV mode. Freeview is the operator of free digital terrestrial television in the United Kingdom, using the DVB-T standard. ... DVB-T stands for Digital Video Broadcasting - Terrestrial and it is the DVB European consortium standard for the broadcast transmission of digital terrestrial television. ... In computer science and information theory, error correction consists of using methods to detect and/or correct errors in the transmission or storage of data by the use of some amount of redundant data and (in the case of transmission) the selective retransmission of incorrect segments of the data. ... Pay television, or pay-TV, usually refers to subscription-based television services, usually provided by both analogue and digital cable and satellite, but also increasingly by digital terrestrial methods. ... Freeview is the operator of free digital terrestrial television in the United Kingdom, using the DVB-T standard. ... Free-to-air is a phrase used to describe television and radio broadcasts which are available without subscription and without decryption (pay-TV). ...


March 31, 2004 saw the return of a limited pay-television offering to the digital terrestrial platform with the launch of Top Up TV. This new service is designed to appeal to those who do not want to pay the high subscription fees that Sky Television and the Cable networks demand. The service carries some of the UK’s most watched channels including the Discovery Channel, UKTV Gold, Discovery Real Time, British Eurosport and Cartoon Network. The 10 channels are split into 5 different slots and broadcast for only part of the day. In October 2006, Top Up TV became Top Up TV Anytime, taking advantage of the increase in the popularity of PVR's, and its limited channel space. Now over 100 programs are broadcast overnight and added to the boxes hard drive, so that it may be watched at any time. Channels that joined the service include MTV, Nickelodeon and Hallmark Channel. March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (91st in leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Top Up TV is a British television company registered on the island of Jersey, that offers subscription television services via digital terrestrial television in the United Kingdom. ... Discovery Channel is a cable and satellite TV channel distributed by Discovery Communications that provides non-fiction variety programming focused primarily on the themes of popular science, history, and knowledge about the world, which is showcases uasually as documentaries. ... UKTV Gold, (previously known as UK Gold until March 8, 2004), is a British television channel that shows mainly classic BBC entertainment programmes. ... Eurosport is the largest European sports satellite and cable network available in 54 countries and broadcasting in 18 different languages. ... Cartoon Network (commonly referred to as CN) is a cable television network created by Turner Broadcasting which primarily shows animated programming. ... MTV (Music Television) is an American cable television network headquartered in New York City. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The Hallmark Channel is a cable television network that broadcasts in over 100 countries. ...


2005 saw the first areas of the United Kingdom losing their analogue signal in a pilot test. The residents of Ferryside and Llansteffan in Carmarthenshire, Wales who had not already upgraded to digital television were given a free set-top box to receive the Freeview television service, which includes Channel 4 (previously unavailable terrestrially from transmitters in Wales) and S4C~2, which broadcasts sessions of the National Assembly for Wales. Digital transmissions for this pilot commenced in December 2004, at which time a message was added to the analogue picture advising viewers that the analogue services would end in February 2005. If the pilot is a success it will have paved the way for switch-over to digital television signals throughout the United Kingdom by the Government's unofficial deadline of 2012. Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Carmarthenshire (Welsh: ) is a county in Wales. ... This article is about the country. ... Freeview is the operator of free digital terrestrial television in the United Kingdom, using the DVB-T standard. ... It has been suggested that Channel Four Television Corporation be merged into this article or section. ... S4C (Sianel Pedwar Cymru, which is Welsh for Channel Four Wales) is a television channel in Wales. ... Type Unicameral Presiding Officer Dafydd Elis-Thomas Members 60 Political groups (as of May 3, 2007 elections) Labour Plaid Cymru Conservative Liberal Democrats Meeting place Senedd, Cardiff, Wales Web site http://www. ...


The year 2005 also saw the announcement by Ofcom about the proposed analogue switch off plans for the UK. It is proposed that the switch off will progress on an ITV region by region basis starting in 2008 starting in the Border Television region and ending in the Channel Television region in 2012. The coverage of the 3 PSB multiplexes will be the same as that enjoyed by the current analogue TV stations, while the 3 commercial multiplexes will cover approximately 90% of the UK population. To improve long standing interference issues in the Meridian and Anglia franchise areas a small number of new transmitters will be brought into service when those regions are converted in 2010 and 2011. These plans were confirmed by the Secretary of State for Culture, Tessa Jowell, on September 15. [5]. Ofcom is a regulator for communication industries in the United Kingdom. ... It has been suggested that Channel 3 (UK) be merged into this article or section. ... Border Television (now legally known as ITV Border Ltd) is the ITV franchisee for the border region between England and Scotland (including the south of Scotland, much of Cumbria and, until December 2006, the town of Berwick-upon-Tweed), and also the Crown Dependency of the Isle of Man, owned... The current Channel TV ident Channel Television (CTV) is a British television station which has served as an Independent Television (ITV), contractor to the Channel Islands since 1962. ... Meridian Broadcasting (ITV Meridian) is the holder of the ITV franchise for South and South East England. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport is a UK cabinet position with responsibility for the Department for Culture, Media and Sport. ... Tessa Jowell (born September 17, 1947 in London) is a British politician who is Labour MP for Dulwich and West Norwood, Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport and Minister for the Olympics, following the selection of London to host the 2012 Olympic Games. ...


See Digital switchover in the United Kingdom The Digital Tick Digital switchover is the name given to the process by which analogue broadcast television in an area is converted to digital television. ...


Freeview HD

The BBC already produces some programmes (mostly documentaries) in HD for foreign markets, such as the USA and Japan. The Corporation intends to produce all its programmes in HD by the year 2010, and to broadcast all of its channels in HD "as soon as practical" ([6]). See also The British Broadcasting Corporation, which is usually known as the BBC, is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


There are no immediate launch plans for HDTV versions of the Freeview and Top Up TV digital terrestrial television services, because there is no spare bandwidth available nationally. This may change after the UK's analogue television signals are switched off (currently scheduled to take place on a regional basis between 2008 and 2012), but that requires the release of spectrum by Ofcom. Freeview is the operator of free digital terrestrial television in the United Kingdom, using the DVB-T standard. ... Top Up TV is a British television company registered on the island of Jersey, that offers subscription television services via digital terrestrial television in the United Kingdom. ... Digital Terrestrial Television (DTTV or DTT) is an implementation of digital technology to provide a greater number of channels and/or better quality of picture and sound using aerial broadcasts to a conventional antenna (or aerial) instead of a satellite dish or cable connection. ... 2012 (MMXII) will be a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ofcom is a regulator for communication industries in the United Kingdom. ...


The BBC, ITV, Channel 4 and Five will be running terrestrial HDTV trials involving 450 homes in the London area during June-December 2006 on locally unused frequencies [7]. As part of this trial, the BBC is already broadcasting BBC HD which is free to air but cannot be received by any set-top boxes currently commercially available. It can however be received and played back by a PC equipped with a DVB-t card that is within range (as the broadcast is not encrypted) using a software h264 decoder. The British Broadcasting Corporation, which is usually known as the BBC, is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion. ... It has been suggested that Channel 3 (UK) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Channel Four Television Corporation be merged into this article or section. ... Five, launched in 1997, is the fifth and final national terrestrial analogue television channel to launch in the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... BBC HD is the high-definition television channel launched by the BBC on a trial basis from May 15, 2006, with the first HD originated programme, Planet Earth, shown on May 27. ... Free-to-air (FTA) television (TV) and radio broadcasts are sent unencrypted and may be received via any suitable receiver. ...


Cable

Trials of the UK's first HDTV service began on 2 December 2005. Telewest, a cable TV company now part of Virgin Media, distributed HDTV programs to 400 customers in the south London area. On 10 March 2006 NTL confirmed that HDTV was available nationally in the former Telewest areas. The service is provided via a personal video recorder, branded as TV Drive, and costs GBP 10 per month on top of Telewest's top TV package, or GBP 15 per month on top of lower tiers. December 2 is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Virgin Media Inc. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... A digital video recorder (DVR) is a device that records video to a digital storage medium in digital form. ... ISO 4217 Code GBP User(s) United Kingdom, Crown Dependencies Inflation 2. ...


Satellite

On November 1, 2005 ITV turned off encryption on all of its satellite based signals, following the lead from the BBC. These transmissions are on a limited spotbeam which is aimed primarily towards the United Kingdom, via the Astra 2D satellite located at 28.2 degrees east. This theoretically limits reception to the UK, Ireland and Iceland, allowing ITV to fulfil licensing agreements with content producers. However, many people report successful reception of these signals from across Europe by using larger dishes. November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... It has been suggested that Channel 3 (UK) be merged into this article or section. ... VideoGuard, produced by NDS, is a digital encryption system for use with conditional access television broadcasting. ... Astra 2D is one of a group of satellites operated by SES Astra, located at 28. ...


Details on tuning all Free-To-Air BBC and ITV stations, including a how-to for the Sky Digibox are available here [8] An Amstrad Digibox with Viewing Card Inserted A Sky Digital Viewing Card The Digibox is a device marketed by British Sky Broadcasting in the UK and Republic of Ireland to enable home users to receive digital satellite television broadcasts (satellite receiver). ...


Sky HD is offered by BSkyB in both the United Kingdom and Ireland as an add-on to their existing Sky Digital subscription service. The BBC is broadcasting BBC HD as a free to air channel from the Astra 2D satellite, and the channel can be viewed for free with suitable satellite reception equipment. There are additional equipment and subscription charges for HD from Sky TV but they are broadcasting an increasing number of channels in the HD format. The Sky HD logo Sky HD is the brand name of the HDTV service launched by BSkyB on 22 May 2006 in the UK and the Republic of Ireland to enable high definition channels on Sky Digital to be viewed. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Sky Digital is the brand name for British Sky Broadcastings digital satellite television service, transmitted from SES Astra satellites located at 28. ... BBC HD is the high-definition television channel launched by the BBC on a trial basis from May 15, 2006, with the first HD originated programme, Planet Earth, shown on May 27. ... Free-to-air (FTA) television (TV) and radio broadcasts are sent unencrypted and may be received via any suitable receiver. ... Astra 2D is one of a group of satellites operated by SES Astra, located at 28. ...


Retail stores

In the summer of 2005 some UK electrical retailers began running in-store HDTV (1080i) demonstrations using a high definition demo video produced by LG Group. Others chose to use HDTV (720p) demonstrations from BSkyB. GoldStar logo, prominently used before the introduction of the LG logo LG Group is a large South Korean chaebol (conglomerate), which produces electronics (including domotics), mobile phones, and petrochemical products and operates subsidiaries like LG Electronics. ...


References

The European Broadcasting Union (EBU; French: , and unrelated to the European Union) was formed on 12 February 1950 by 23 broadcasting organisations from Europe and the Mediterranean at a conference in the coastal resort of Torquay in Devon, UK. In 1993, the International Radio and Television Organisation (OIRT), an equivalent...

See also

  • HDTV

High-definition television (HDTV) means broadcast of television signals with a higher resolution than traditional formats (NTSC, SECAM, PAL) allow. ...

External links

DTT information

HDTV

  • Sky HD (United Kingdom & Ireland)
  • NTL HDTV NTL HDTV
  • HDTVExpert.co.uk UK based advice on HDTV
  • BBC R&D White paper WHP 104:Technologies for efficient emission of HDTV across Europe
  • Premiere HD (Germany/Austria)
  • HDTV UK
  • HDTVTotal, a European HDTV site
  • Information about the London HDTV trial

By country

Czech Republic

Regulators and organisations

Denmark

  • Danmarks Radio's information site about digital TV in Denmark

France

  • The TNT website (in French)

Finland

  • Digitv.fi - Development of digital tv in Finland
  • digital teletext demos (English version)

Italy

Regulators and organisations
  • Associazione DGTVi - Association for the development of digital tv in Italy

Broadcasters and DTV Channel operators
  • Mediaset Online
  • RAI - Radiotelevisione Italiana
  • LA7 and MTV Italy

Sweden

  • Swedish ministry of culture's rules for terrestrial digital broadcasts

Switzerland

  • Swiss Federal Office for Telecommunications - Digital terrestrial television for Switzerland
  • Swiss Federal Office for Telecommunications - Index of Broadcasting Stations
  • SGR SSG Idée Suisse - Reception Maps (German, French or Italian only)

United Kingdom

  • Government
  • Freeview
  • Top Up TV
  • Virgin Media
  • Sky Digital (BSkyB)
  • OFCOM digital switchover proposal
  • Digital UK
  • HDTVExpert.co.uk UK based advice on HDTV

 
 

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