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Encyclopedia > Digital poetry

Digital poetry (also referred to as E-poetry, short for electronic poetry, also computer poetry) refers to a wide range of approaches to poetry that all have in common prominent and crucial use of computers. Digital poetry can be available on the World Wide Web or Internet (via email lists, for instance), CD ROM, DVD, as installations in art galleries, in certain cases also recorded as DV or film. This article is about the art form. ... This article is about the machine. ... For other uses, see Digital (disambiguation). ... WWWs historical logo designed by Robert Cailliau The World Wide Web (commonly shortened to the Web) is a system of interlinked, hypertext documents accessed via the Internet. ... E-mail, or email, is short for electronic mail and is a method of composing, sending, and receiving messages over electronic communication systems. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... An art gallery or art museum is a space for the exhibition of art, usually visual art, and usually primarily paintings and sculpture. ...

A significant portion of current publications of poetry are available either only online or via some combination of online and offline publication. There are many types of 'digital poetry' such as hypertext, kinetic poetry, computer generated animation, digital visual poetry, code poetry, experimental video poetry, and poetries that take advantage of the programmable nature of the computer to create works that are interactive, or use generative or cobinatorial approach to create text (or one of its states), or involve sound poetry, or take advantage of things like listservs, blogs, and other forms of network communication to create communities of collaborative writing and publication (as in poetical wikis). Look up publication in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Online means being connected to the Internet or another similar electronic network, like a bulletin board system. ... In computing, hypertext is a user interface paradigm for displaying documents which, according to an early definition (Nelson 1970), branch or perform on request. ... Concrete poetry is poetry in which the typographical arrangement of words is as important in conveying the intended effect as the conventional elements of the poem, such as meaning of words, rhythm, rhyme and so on. ... A computer program is a collection of instructions that describe a task, or set of tasks, to be carried out by a computer. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The terms collaborative writing and refer to projects where written works are created by multiple people together (collaboratively) rather than individually. ... Look up Wiki in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Digital computers allow the creation of art that spans different media: text, images, sounds, and interactivity via programming. Contemporary poetries have, therefore, taken advantage of this toward the creation of works that synthesize both arts and media. Whether a work is poetry or visual art or music or programming is sometimes not clear, but we expect an intense engagement with language in poetical works. This article is about the philosophical concept of Art. ...


Some Examples of Digital Poetry

  • Jim Andrews (Canada):Poet-programmer exploring the intersection of poetry, programming, audio and visual art.
  • Giselle Beiguelman (Brazil): English-language poetry from the multi-lingual Brazilian poet of "The Book After the Book".
  • Simon Biggs (UK): Poet-programmer exploring code and visuals as part of digital poetry.
  • Mez Breeze (Australia): Writer of a form of netwurked poetry via her constructed computer-[poetic]English language mezangelle.
  • Dichtung Digital (Digital Poetics, Berlin): Critical writing about digital poetry and poetics from around the world in English and German
  • Electronic Book Review (USA): Critical writing mainly on USA digital poetry and electronic literature more broadly.
  • Aya Karpińska (USA): Digital media artist working with interactive and 3-D poetry.
  • Jason Nelson (USA/Australia): Digital poet, net artist, creator of highly interactive works.
  • New Media Poetry and Poetics issue of Leonardo Electronic Almanac: a contemporary overview & anthology published by The MIT Press
  • Poems That Go: Journal featuring digital poetry. Has not been updated since 2004.
  • Slope - "an online journal devoted to poetry being written around the world." Ethan Paquin, Editor-in-Chief & Founder. [1]
  • Ted Warnell (Canada): Early practitioner of a form of networked digital poetry known as code poetry.
  • Daniel C. Howe (USA): Writer-programmer working with generative systems for literature.
  • The Word Project (South Africa):Concrete poetry concentrating on words and letters. Very conceptual.
  • Jaka Železnikar (Slovenia): jaka.org - e-poetry, web pages, Firefox add-ons
  • komninos zervos (Australia): [2] - cyberpoetry/digital poetry/e-poetry, web pages, Text animations since 1994.

This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Electronic literature refers to texts that take advantage of the capabilities of computers, software, or network technologies. ... Jaka Železnikar (born 1971) is a Slovene author of a computational poetry and visual art. ...

Computer (Experimental) Poetry Pioneers in Europe

We have some pioneers of e-poetry in Europe:

  • Gianni Toti (I)

In the early 80 the Italian journalist, poet, writer Gianni Toti (Rome 1924 - Rome 2007) begun an experimentation where he mixed poetry, cinema, and electronic art. He called it “poetronica”. Many of his works were realized in the 90s in collaboration with CICV (Centre de Recherche Pierre Schaeffer - in Montbéliard-Belfort, France). He is considered the father of electronic poetry. Among his long electronic video-poem-operas: Originedite (1994), Planetopolis (1993), Tupac Amauta (1997).

  • Caterina Davinio (I)

Italian poet, writer, artist, she realized computer poetry animations since 1990, exhibited in Rome since 1992, in 1997 in the Venice Biennale (VeneziaPoesia exhibition). In 1998 she created the first net-poetry project on line, Karenina.it, in collaboration with an international network of experimental poets / artists. Net-Poetry was for the first time in the Venice Biennale in 2001 (Bunker Poetico on line event). // Pioneer of Italian electronic poetry in the early 90s, in the experimental field among writing, visual, and new media, using computer, video, digital photography, Internet. ... Net-poetry begun in Italy in 1998 with the web site , created by the artist and writer Caterina Davinio. ...

  • “Doc(K)s” (Experimental art review, Ajaccio, F)

Founded by Julien Blaine, new series directed by Akenaton (Philippe Castellin, Jean Torregrosa) and Julien Blaine, is an international multimedia and multilanguage review of experimental art, esperimental poetry, performance, new media art. A point of reference for the international avant-garde. In this review have been published representative samples of experimental poetry and new media poetry. Paper and then +CD/DVD in the 90s. Bust of Pharaoh Akhenaten. ...

  • Jean-Pierre Balpe

Computer (Experimental) Poetry in Brazil

A rich experimental poetry tradition exists in Brazil, developing Concrete Poetry with new media and digital art.

Augusto de Campos (born 1931) is a Brazilian writer who was a founder of the Concrete poetry movement in Brazil. ... Arnaldo Antunes is a writer and composer from Brazil who was born in 1960. ... Eduardo Kac was the first person to have a microchip implanted in his body. ...

Short Bibliography

  • AAVV, La coscienza luccicante. Dalla videoarte all’arte interattiva, Gangemi, Roma 1998
  • Jean-Pierre BALPE, "L'Ordinateur, sa muse", in "Pratiques" nº 39, Metz 1984
  • Jean-Pierre BALPE, "La position de l'auteur dans la génération automatique de textes à orientations littéraires", in "Lynx" nº 17, Université de Paris-X Nanterre, Nanterre, 1987
  • Caterina DAVINIO, “Parole virtuali. La poesia video-visiva tra arte elettronica e avanguardia”, in "Doc(K)s. Un notre web” (libro e CD), serie 3, 21, 22, 23, 24, Ajaccio (F) 1999
  • Caterina DAVINIO, "Scritture/Realtà virtuali" in "Doc(K)s" (web), 2000
  • Caterina DAVINIO, Tecno-Poesia e realtà virtuali (Techno-Poetry and Virtual Reality), essay with preface by Eugenio Miccini (Italian/English), Mantova, Sometti, 2002.
  • A. DE CAMPOS, Re/visão de sousândrade (with Haroldo de Campos), Edições Invenção, San Paolo 1964 (2nd edition, Nova Fronteira, San Paolo 1982)
  • A. DE CAMPOS, Teoria da poesia concreta (with D. Pignatari and H. de Campos). Edições Invenção, San Paolo 1965; 2nd edition, Duas Cidades, San Paolo 1975; 3rd edition, Brasiliense, 1987
  • A. DE CAMPOS, Poesia antipoesia antropofagia, Cortez e Moraes, San Paolo 1978
  • Eduardo KAC, New Media Poetry: Poetic Innovation and New Technologies, "Visible Language" Vol. 30, No. 2, Rhode Island School of Design, 1996
  • Eduardo KAC, Telepresence, Biotelematics, Transgenic art, Association for Culture and Education, Maribor 2000
  • Philadelpho MENEZES, Poetics and Visuality, translation Harry Polkinhorn, San Diego State University Press, 1995.
  • Philadelpho MENEZES, Poesia Concreta e Visual, São Paulo, Ática, 1998.
  • Philadelpho MENEZES(org.), Poesia Sonora: poéticas experimentais da voz no século XX, São Paulo: EDUC (Editora da PUC), 1992.
  • Philadelpho MENEZES, "Poesia Visual: reciclagem e inovação", em revista Imagens, número 6, Campinas, Editora da Unicamp, 1996, pp. 39/48.
  • Philadelpho MENEZES, "Poetics and new technologies of communication: a semiotic approach" in Face - Revista de Semiótica e Comunicação, D.1, 1998, site: www.pucsp.br/~cos-puc/face
  • Kenneth MEYER, “Dramatic narrative inVirtual Reality”, in Frank BIOCCA e Mark R. LEVY (eds.), Communication int eh Age of Virtual Reality, Hillsdale, New Jersey, Lawrence Erlbaum, 1995, pp. 219/259.
  • Janet MURRAY, Hamlet on the Holodeck – The future of narrative in Cyberspace, Cambridge, MIT Press, 1997.
  • Walter J. ONG, Orality and literacy – The technlogizing of the word, Londres, Routledge, 1989.

"New Media poetry - Theory and Strategies" in Visible Language, 30.2, Providence, Rhode Island School of Design. Cd-roms:

  • Michael JOYCE, Afternoon, a story, Watertown, Eastgate, 1987.
  • Stuart MOULTHROP, Victory Garden, Watertown, Eastgate, 1991.
  • P. MENEZES, W. AZEVEDO, Interpoesia, São Paulo, EPE-PUC/Dep.Artes Mackenzie, (no prelo).

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A Map of Different Digital Poetries by Jorge Luiz Antonio (4181 words)
Mapping the digital poetry as the continuation of oral poetry, which was declaimed supported by old musical instruments as the lyre and the flute in Classical Antiquity, is to establish an abstract route moving from its spoken to its written form.
This poetry, which had a great development during the historic vanguards (Futurism, Dadaism, Cubism, etc.), is created by means of sounds which are separated, in a certain way, from the meaning (the phonemes don't form a word) and it represents a kind of digital poetry, usually named sound poetry.
There is no doubt that visual poetry has its own characteristics which differ a lot from digital poetry in various aspects such as support material, paper, the handicraft that drawing uses, colors and materials from the plastic arts, the use of the three dimensions limit, certain own individuality of the handicraft, and so on.
  More results at FactBites »



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