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Encyclopedia > Dietsch

Dietsch ("Diets" in modern Dutch) is a colloquial word for the Middle Dutch language. In a linguistic context however, it specifically refers to the southern Middle Dutch dialects such as Brabantian, Flemish and Limburgish. Diets(ch) is etymologically related to "Dutch", "Deutsch" and "Duits". Middle Nederlands is an extinct language that is one of the many languages in the Germanic language that also makes up English. ... Brabantian or Brabantic (Dutch: Brabants) is a dialect of the Dutch language spoken in Noord-Brabant and in the Belgian provinces of Antwerpen and Vlaams-Brabant and small parts in the west of Limburg. ... The term Flemish can be a linguistic one, referring to the speech of the Flemings, inhabitants of Flanders, or a geographical one, referring to any attribute of Flanders, but not to its official language, which is exclusively Dutch. ... Limburgian (Dutch: Limburgs, German: Limburgisch, French: Limbourgeois) is a group of Franconian varieties, spoken in the Limburg and Selfkant regions, near the common Dutch/Flemish(Belgium)/German border. ... Deutsch is: the German word for german a misspelling of the word Dutch, see Dutch (disambiguation) one of the three cognates of medieval Dietsch // A German family name Diana Deutsch, British-born, American cognitive psychologist Felix Deutsch, Helene Deutsch, Austrian-born American psychologist, Morton Deutsch Alexander Nikolaevich Deutsch, Russian astronomer... German can refer to anything related to Germany and its people, especially the German language the German people, collectively or individually a citizen of the Federal Republic of Germany, see German nationality law, Demographics of Germany Ethnic Germans German cultures Various terms used for Germans // Anna German, a Polish-Russian...


In 16th and 17th century "Duits" and "Diets" were spelling variants of the same word. A modern translation for this word however would in both cases be "Dutch", even though "Duits" in modern Dutch means "German".

Contents

Origin and linguistic meaning

"Diets" derives itself from the Middle Dutch word "diet" meaning "people". In a linguistic context, "Diets" refers to the southern dialects and "Duuts" (which differs from "Diets" due to Frisian influence) to the Northern ones. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


The forms "duits" and "diets" evolved later on. The Old Dutch, as well a the Old High German, form of "diets" is "diut". This evolved into "diet" and "duut" and their adjective forms "diets" and "duuts". The word "duut" later became "duits" because of a specifically Dutch sound shift (u → ui) which turned a vowel into a diphthong. "Duits" soon only referred to the German language and people because the diphthong "ui" now made "duuts" sound like the German ethnonym "Deutsch", compare German [dɔʏ̯tʃ] (Deutsch) with Dutch [dœyts] (Duijtsch/Duytsch/Duits). "Diets" was used along "Nederlands" (both meaning "Dutch") until the Second World War when after the German occupation it fell in disuse because the Germans and Dutch-speaking fascists used the word extensively in their propaganda. German (called Deutsch in German; in German the term germanisch is equivalent to English Germanic), is a member of the western group of Germanic languages and is one of the worlds major languages. ... An ethnonym (Gk. ... Fascism (IPA: ) is a radical political ideology that combines elements of corporatism, authoritarianism, nationalism, militarism, anti-liberalism and anti-communism. ...


Disappearance from everyday speech

Until 1830, the Dutch and Flemish (who live in Northern Belgium) were considered to be one single people, and in fact some people still do. Due to historical causes, mostly rooted in the Dutch revolt the two groups slowly started to diverge. The concept of "Diets" did not make a distinction between Dutch people even though in reality it began to form itself. Thus when Belgium, including the Flemish, proclaimed their independence from the United Kingdom of the Netherlands (which included all Dutch speakers) the use of "diets" was limited and depended heavily on context. Flanders (Dutch: Vlaanderen) has several main meanings: the social, cultural and linguistical, scientific and educational, economical and political community of the Flemings; some prefer to call this the Flemish community (others refer to this as the Flemish nation) which is, with over 6 million inhabitants, the majority of all Belgians... Map of the kingdom United Kingdom of the Netherlands (1815 - 1830) (1839) (Dutch: Verenigd Koninkrijk der Nederlanden, French: Royaume-Uni des Pays-Bas and German: Vereinigte Königreich der Niederlande) were the unofficial names used to refer to a new unified European state created during the Congress of Vienna in...


However the main reason why "Diets" is no longer a part of common speech in Dutch, is because of the fact that 20th century fascists (NSB, Zwart Front, Verdinaso and VNV) used it extensively in their propaganda. They used "Diets" to refer to the shared ethnical origin of both the Dutch and Flemish and to form the name of their dream of "Dietsland", a country in which all Dutch people were united. The NSB, Norges Statsbaner AS., known in English as Norwegian State Railways is a transport company, created in its present form by the Norwegian National Rail Administration through legislation on December 1, 1996, but then privatized on July 1, 2002, owned privately by Norwegian Ministry of Transport and Communications. ... The General Dutch Fascist League (in Dutch Algemeene Nederlandsche Fascisten Bond) was a minor Dutch fascist party founded in 1932. ... The Verdinaso was a fascist political party in Belgium during the 1930s. ... VNV or Vlaamsch Nationaal Verbond (Flemish National Union) was a flamingant party in the 30s. ... Dietsland refers to the Greater Netherlands, including The Netherlands and Flanders, and sometimes (mostly in more extreme groups) French Flanders and sometimes even the Boer communities of South Africa, in other words, all areas where Dutch is spoken. ...


See also

Dietsland refers to the Greater Netherlands, including The Netherlands and Flanders, and sometimes (mostly in more extreme groups) French Flanders and sometimes even the Boer communities of South Africa, in other words, all areas where Dutch is spoken. ... The Whole-Netherlands as the Benelux The Whole-Netherlands (Dutch: Heel-Nederland) refers to the reunification of the Low Countries. ... The word Dutch is used as an adjective means of the Netherlands, its people, or its culture and can refer to more than one article: of the Netherlands, a country Dutch language, a Germanic language spoken primarily in the Netherlands and Belgium the Dutch people, usually defined as citizens of... Dutch ( ) is a West Germanic language spoken by around 22 million people, mainly in the Netherlands and Belgium. ... The Dutch (Ethnonym: Nederlanders meaning Lowlanders) are the dominant ethnic group[1] of the Netherlands[2]. They are usually seen as a Germanic people. ... The term Flemings (Dutch: ) is currently mostly used to refer to the ethnic group native to Flanders (the northern half of Belgium, historically part of the Southern Netherlands), which in total numbers about 6 million people in Belgium (the majority of all Belgians) . The term also designates, not only the...

Sources

  • A.J. Welschen 2000-2005: Course Dutch Society and Culture, International School for Humanities and Social Studies ISHSS, Universiteit van Amsterdam (permission granted)
  • M.C. van den Toorn e.a. (eds.), Geschiedenis van de Nederlandse taal, 1997.
  • M. de Vries e.a., Woordenboek der Nederlandsche Taal (1882-1998)
  • Guy Janssens & Ann Marynissen, Het Nederlands vroeger en nu, 2003.

 
 

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