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Encyclopedia > Diet (nutrition)

In nutrition, the diet is the sum of food consumed by a person or other organism.[1] Dietary habits are the habitual decisions an individual or culture makes when choosing what foods to eat. Although humans are omnivores, each culture holds some food preferences and some food taboos. Individual dietary choices may be more or less healthy. Proper nutrition requires the proper ingestion and equally important, the absorption of vitamins, minerals, and fuel in the form of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Dietary habits and choices play a significant role in health and mortality, and can also define cultures and play a role in religion. The Nutrition Facts table indicates the amounts of nutrients which experts recommend you limit or consume in adequate amounts. ... Domains and Kingdoms Nanobes Acytota Cytota Bacteria Neomura Archaea Eukaryota Bikonta Apusozoa Rhizaria Excavata Archaeplastida Rhodophyta Glaucophyta Plantae Heterokontophyta Haptophyta Cryptophyta Alveolata Unikonta Amoebozoa Opisthokonta Choanozoa Fungi Animalia An ericoid mycorrhizal fungus Life on Earth redirects here. ... Retinol (one vitamer of Vitamin A) A vitamin is an organic compound required as a nutrient in tiny amounts by an organism. ... For other uses, see Mineral (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fuel (disambiguation). ... Lactose is a disaccharide found in milk. ... A representation of the 3D structure of myoglobin showing coloured alpha helices. ... For other uses, see FAT. Fats consist of a wide group of compounds that are generally soluble in organic solvents and largely insoluble in water. ...

Contents

Traditional diet

"Traditional diet" is the diet of native populations such as the Native Americans, Khoisan or Australian Aborigines. For other uses, see Native Americans (disambiguation). ... Khoisan (increasingly commonly spelled Khoesan or Khoe-San) is the name for two major ethnic groups of southern Africa. ... Languages see Indigenous Australian languages Religions see Australian Aboriginal mythology Australian Aborigines ( , aka Aboriginal Australians) are a class of peoples who are identified by Australian law as being members of a race indigenous to the Australian continent. ...


Traditional diets vary with availability of local resources, such as fish in coastal towns or grains in farming towns, as well as with cultural and religious customs and taboos. In some cases, the crops and domestic animals that characterize a traditional diet have been replaced by modern high-yield crops, and are no longer available. The slow food movement attempts to counter this trend and to preserve traditional diets. For other uses, see Fish (disambiguation). ... Grain redirects here. ... Farming, ploughing rice paddy, in Indonesia Agriculture is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and other desired products by cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock). ... Ronda, Spain Main street in Bastrop, Texas, United States, a small town A town is a community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... The word culture, from the Latin colo, -ere, with its root meaning to cultivate, generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance. ... Religious is a term with both a technical definition and folk use. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about cultural prohibitions in general; for other uses, see Taboo (disambiguation). ... Agriculture refers to the production of goods through the growing of plants, animals and other life forms. ... This is a list of animals that have been domesticated by humans. ... A restaurant placard, Santorini, Greece The Slow Food movement was founded by Carlo Petrini in Italy as a resistance movement to combat fast food. ...


Religious and cultural dietary choices

Some cultures and religions have restrictions concerning what foods are acceptable in their diet. For example, only Kosher foods are permitted by Judaism, and Halal foods by Islam. The circled U indicates that this product is certified as kosher by the Orthodox Union (OU). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Halal (حلال, alāl, halaal) is an Arabic term meaning permissible. In the English language it most frequently refers to food that is permissible according to Islamic law. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ...


Diet and life outcome

A study published in the British medical journal The Lancet demonstrated that those who had been well-fed soon after they were born earned almost 50% more in average salary than those who had not. The study was performed by giving a high-nutrition supplement to some infants and a lower-nutrition supplement to others, with only the researchers knowing which infants received which supplements (see double-blind study.) The infants that received the high-nutrition supplement had higher average salaries, proving that infant nutrition affects cognitive development independent of other factors such as class or parental income.[1] The Lancet is one of the oldest and most respected peer-reviewed medical journals in the world, published weekly by Elsevier, part of Reed Elsevier. ... Double-blind describes an especially stringent way of conducting an experiment, usually on living, conscious, human subjects. ...


Individual dietary choices

Many individuals choose to limit what foods they eat for reasons of health, morality, environmental impact, or other factors. Additionally, many people choose to forgo food from animal sources to varying degrees; see vegetarianism, veganism, fruitarianism, living foods diet, and raw foodism. Vegetarianism is the practice of a diet that excludes all animal flesh, including poultry, game, fish, shellfish or crustacea, and slaughter by-products[1] [2]. The reasons for choosing vegetarianism may be related to morality, religion, culture, ethics, aesthetics, environment, society, economy, politics, taste, or health. ... Vegan redirects here. ... A fruit stall in Barcelona, Spain. ... The raw food diet (or living foods diet) is a dietary regimen consisting of uncooked and unprocessed organic foods. ...


Properly planned vegetarian and vegan diets have been found to completely satisfy nutritional needs in every stage of life,[2]and significantly reduce risks of major diseases. Vegetarianism is the practice of a diet that excludes all animal flesh, including poultry, game, fish, shellfish or crustacea, and slaughter by-products[1] [2]. The reasons for choosing vegetarianism may be related to morality, religion, culture, ethics, aesthetics, environment, society, economy, politics, taste, or health. ... Vegan redirects here. ...


Diets for weight management

Main article: Dieting

A particular diet may be chosen to seek weight gain, weight loss, sports training, cardio-vascular health, avoidance of cancers, food allergies and for other reasons. Changing a subject's dietary intake, or "going on a diet", can change the energy balance and increase or decrease the amount of fat stored by the body. Some foods are specifically recommended, or even altered, for conformity to the requirements of a particular diet. These diets are often recommended in conjunction with exercise. Measuring body weight on a scale Dieting is the practice of ingesting food in a regulated fashion to achieve a particular objective. ... In medicine, food allergy is hypersensitivity to dietary substances, leading to various types of gastrointestinal complaints. ... The term Exercise can refer to: Physical exercise such as running or strength training Exercise (options), the financial term for enacting and terminating a contract Category: ...


Eating disorders

An eating disorder is a mental disorder that interferes with normal food consumption. Eating disorders often affect people with a negative body image. Body image is a term which may refer to our perceptions of our own physical appearance, or our internal sense of having a body which is constructed by the brain. ...


Diet table

Food Type Carnivore Omnivore Vegan Vegetarian Halal Kosher Hunter-gatherer
Vegetables
Grains
Poultry
Fish (scaled)
Seafood (non-fish)
Beef
Pork
Dairy

Carnivorism redirects here. ... Crows are omnivores. ... Hens kept in cramped conditions — the avoidance of animal suffering is the primary motivation of people who become vegans A vegan is a person who avoids the ingestion or use of animal products. ... For animals adapted to eat primarily plants, sometimes referred to as vegetarian animals, see Herbivore. ... Halal (حلال, alāl, halaal) is an Arabic term meaning permissible. In the English language it most frequently refers to food that is permissible according to Islamic law. ... The circled U indicates that this can of tuna is certified kosher by the Union of Orthodox Congregations. ... In anthropology, the hunter-gatherer way of life is that led by certain societies of the Neolithic Era based on the exploitation of wild plants and animals. ... Vegetables on a market Vegetable is a nutritional and culinary term denoting any part of a plant that is commonly consumed by humans as food, but is not regarded as a culinary fruit, nut, herb, spice, or grain. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... An assortment of grains The word grain has a great many meanings, most being descriptive of a small piece or particle. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Ducks amongst other poultry The Poultry-dealer, after Cesare Vecellio Poultry is the category of domesticated birds kept for meat, eggs, and feathers. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... For other uses, see Fish (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Spaghetti with seafood (Spaghetti allo scoglio). ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... For other uses, see Beef (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... For other uses, see Pork (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... A dairy farm near Oxford, New York in the United States. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ... Image File history File links Green_pog. ...

See also

The American Dietetic Association (ADA) is the United States largest organization of food and nutrition professionals, with nearly 65,000 members. ... Diet food (or dietetic food) refers to any food or drink whose recipe has been altered in some way to make it part of a body modification diet. ... A gluten-free diet, recommended in the treatment of celiac disease, is a diet completely free of ingredients derived from gluten-containing cereals: wheat (including Kamut and spelt), barley, rye, oats and triticale. ... Nutrigenomics is the application of the sciences of genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics to human nutrition, especially the relationship between nutrition and health. ...

Notes

  1. ^ noun, def 1 askoxford.com
  2. ^ "Vegetarian Diets" (2003). Journal of the American Dietetic Association 103 (6): 748–765. online copy available

External links

Look up who in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Possible meanings: Faro Airport (Portugal) Federation of Astrobiology Organizations Financial Aid Office Food and Agriculture Organization This page expands a three-character combination which might be any or all of: an abbreviation, an acronym, an initialism, a word in English, or a word in another language. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Diet (nutrition) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (174 words)
In nutrition, the diet is the sum of the food consumed by an organism.
Proper nutrition for a human requires vitamins, minerals, proteins, and fuel in the form of carbohydrates and fats.
Some foods are specifically recommended, or even altered, for conformity to the requirements of a diet, and are frequently labeled "diet foods".
Diet - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (118 words)
Diet (nutrition), the sum of the food consumed by an organism or group.
Dieting, the deliberate selection of food to control body weight or nutrient intake.
Diet food, those foods that aid in Dieting, e.g.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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