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Encyclopedia > Dies Irae
The Day of Judgement from the centre panel of the Memling Triptych in Gdańsk.

Dies Irae (Day of Wrath) is a famous thirteenth century Latin hymn thought to be written by Thomas of Celano. It is a medieval Latin poem, differing from classical Latin by its accentual (non-quantitative) stress and its rhymed lines. The meter is trochaic. The poem describes the day of judgment, the last trumpet summoning souls before the throne of God, where the saved will be delivered and the unsaved cast into eternal flames. The hymn was used as a sequence in the Roman Catholic Requiem Mass until the 1970 revision of the Roman Missal. The Latin term Dies Irae (Day of Wrath) may refer to: Dies Irae, a Latin hymm. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (843x1200, 195 KB) Summary attributed to Hans Memling (c. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (843x1200, 195 KB) Summary attributed to Hans Memling (c. ... Image:Michelangelo - Fresco of the Last Judgment. ... St Ursula Shrine by Hans Memling (1489) Gilded and painted wood, 87 x 33 x 91 cm Memlingmuseum, Sint-Janshospitaal, Bruges Hans Memling (Memlinc) (c. ... The Raising of the Cross, Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekathedraal, Antwerp A triptych (from the Greek tri- three + ptychÄ“ fold) is a work of art (usually a panel painting) which is divided into three sections, or three carved panels which are hinged together. ... For alternative meanings of GdaÅ„sk and Danzig, see GdaÅ„sk (disambiguation) and Danzig (disambiguation) Motto: Nec temere, nec timide (No rashness, no timidness) Coordinates: , Country Voivodeship Powiat city county Gmina GdaÅ„sk Established 10th century City Rights 1263 Government  - Mayor PaweÅ‚ Adamowicz Area  - City 262 km²  (101. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Hymn (disambiguation). ... Thomas of Celano, in Italian Tommaso da Celano from his hometown of Celano in the Abruzzo, (ca. ... Medieval Latin was the form of Latin used in the Middle Ages, primarily as a medium of scholarly exchange and as the liturgical language of the medieval Roman Catholic Church, but also as a language of science, literature, law, and administration. ... A trochee is a metrical foot used in formal poetry. ... This article or section should be merged with End times and Last judgment The Last Judgement - Tympanum sculpture at the Abbey Church of Ste-Foy, Conques-en-Rouergue, France In Christian eschatology, the Last Judgement is the ethical-judicial trial, judgement, and punishment/reward of individual humans (assignment to heaven... Trumpeter redirects here. ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... In Latin poetry, a sequence (Latin sequentia) is a poem written in a non-classical metre, often on a sacred Christian subject. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The Requiem (from the Latin requiés, rest) or Requiem Mass (informally, the funeral Mass), also known formally (in Latin) as the Missa pro defunctis or Missa defunctorum, is a liturgical service of the Roman Catholic Church as well as the Anglican/ Episcopalian High Church and certain Lutheran Churches in... For other uses of Mass, see Mass (disambiguation). ... The Roman Missal (Missale Romanum) is the liturgical book that contains the texts and rubrics for the celebration of the Latin rite of Mass. ...


Use in the Catholic liturgy

Those familiar with musical settings of the Requiem Mass—such as those by Mozart or Verdi—will be aware of the important place of the Dies Iræ in the liturgy. Nevertheless it fell foul of the preferences of the "Consilium for the Implementation of the Constitution on the Liturgy"—the Vatican body charged with implementing (and indeed drafting) the reforms to the Catholic Liturgy ordered by the Second Vatican Council. The architect of these reforms, Archbishop Annibale Bugnini, explains the mind of the members of the Consilium: The Requiem Mass in D minor (K. 626) by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was composed in 1791. ... The Requiem by Giuseppe Verdi is a musical setting of the Roman Catholic funeral Mass (called the Requiem for the first word of the text, which begins Requiem aeternam dona eis, Domine, meaning, Grant them eternal rest, O Lord — see the entry at Dies Irae) that was completed to mark... A liturgy is the customary public worship of a religious group, according to their particular traditions. ... The Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican, or Vatican II, was the twenty-first Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church. ... Archbishop Annibale Bugnini, C.M. (14 June 1912–3 July 1982) was the architect of the liturgical reforms in the Roman Catholic Church in the second half of the 20th century. ...

They got rid of texts that smacked of a negative spirituality inherited from the Middle Ages. Thus they removed such familiar and even beloved texts as the Libera me, Domine, the Dies Iræ, and others that overemphasized judgment, fear, and despair. These they replaced with texts urging Christian hope and arguably giving more effective expression to faith in the resurrection.[1]

It remained as the sequence for the Requiem Mass in the Roman Missal of 1962 (the last edition before the Second Vatican Council) and so is still heard in churches where the Tridentine Latin liturgy is celebrated. The Requiem (from the Latin requiés, rest) or Requiem Mass (informally, the funeral Mass), also known formally (in Latin) as the Missa pro defunctis or Missa defunctorum, is a liturgical service of the Roman Catholic Church as well as the Anglican/ Episcopalian High Church and certain Lutheran Churches in... The Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican, or Vatican II, was the twenty-first Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church. ... A traditionalist Catholic is a Roman Catholic who believes that there should be a restoration of the liturgical forms, public and private devotions, and presentation of Catholic teachings that prevailed in the Catholic Church just before the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965). ...

The "Dies Irae" is still suggested in the Liturgy of the Hours for the Office of the Dead and during last week before Advent as the opening hymn for the Office of Readings, Lauds and Vespers (divided into three parts).[2]

The Poem

The Latin text is taken from the Requiem Mass in the 1962 Roman Missal. The English version below was translated by William Josiah Irons in 1849 and appears in the English Missal. Note that the below translation is not literal, but modified to fit the rhyme and meter. A requiem is a Roman Catholic mass performed in commemoration of the dead, also known in Latin as the Missa pro Defunctis. ... The Tridentine Mass (Pontifical High Mass) being celebrated at Our Lady of Mount Carmel Church in Wyandotte, Michigan - 1949. ... The English Missal is a prayer book published first by W.Knott & son Limited in 1933 as a compilation of those prayers and rubrics which had come to be used by Anglo-Catholic churches in conjunction with the Book of Common Prayer and which derived largely from the Roman Catholic...

Dies iræ! dies illa
Solvet sæclum in favilla
Teste David cum Sibylla!

Quantus tremor est futurus,
quando judex est venturus,
cuncta stricte discussurus!

Tuba mirum spargens sonum
per sepulchra regionum,
coget omnes ante thronum.

Mors stupebit et natura,
cum resurget creatura,
judicanti responsura.

Liber scriptus proferetur,
in quo totum continetur,
unde mundus judicetur.

Judex ergo cum sedebit,
quidquid latet apparebit:
nil inultum remanebit.

Quid sum miser tunc dicturus?
Quem patronum rogaturus,
cum vix justus sit securus?

Rex tremendæ majestatis,
qui salvandos salvas gratis,
salva me, fons pietatis.

Recordare, Jesu pie,
quod sum causa tuæ viæ:
ne me perdas illa die.

Quærens me, sedisti lassus:
redemisti Crucem passus:
tantus labor non sit cassus.

Juste judex ultionis,
donum fac remissionis
ante diem rationis.

Ingemisco, tamquam reus:
culpa rubet vultus meus:
supplicanti parce, Deus.

Qui Mariam absolvisti,
et latronem exaudisti,
mihi quoque spem dedisti.

Preces meæ non sunt dignæ:
sed tu bonus fac benigne,
ne perenni cremer igne.

Inter oves locum præsta,
et ab hædis me sequestra,
statuens in parte dextra.

Confutatis maledictis,
flammis acribus addictis:
voca me cum benedictis.

Oro supplex et acclinis,
cor contritum quasi cinis:
gere curam mei finis.

Day of wrath! O day of mourning!
See fulfilled the prophets' warning,
Heaven and earth in ashes burning!

Oh what fear man's bosom rendeth,
when from heaven the Judge descendeth,
on whose sentence all dependeth.

Wondrous sound the trumpet flingeth;
through earth's sepulchers it ringeth;
all before the throne it bringeth.

Death is struck, and nature quaking,
all creation is awaking,
to its Judge an answer making.

Lo! the book, exactly worded,
wherein all hath been recorded:
thence shall judgment be awarded.

When the Judge his seat attaineth,
and each hidden deed arraigneth,
nothing unavenged remaineth.

What shall I, frail man, be pleading?
Who for me be interceding,
when the just are mercy needing?

King of Majesty tremendous,
who dost free salvation send us,
Fount of pity, then befriend us!

Think, good Jesus, my salvation
cost thy wondrous Incarnation;
leave me not to reprobation!

Faint and weary, thou hast sought me,
on the cross of suffering bought me.
shall such grace be vainly brought me?

Righteous Judge! for sin's pollution
grant thy gift of absolution,
ere the day of retribution.

Guilty, now I pour my moaning,
all my shame with anguish owning;
spare, O God, thy suppliant groaning!

Thou the sinful woman savedst;
thou the dying thief forgavest;
and to me a hope vouchsafest.

Worthless are my prayers and sighing,
yet, good Lord, in grace complying,
rescue me from fires undying!

With thy favored sheep O place me;
nor among the goats abase me;
but to thy right hand upraise me.

While the wicked are confounded,
doomed to flames of woe unbounded
call me with thy saints surrounded.

Low I kneel, with heart submission,
see, like ashes, my contrition;
help me in my last condition.

The poem appears complete as it stands at this point. Some scholars question whether the remainder is an addition made in order to suit the great poem for liturgical use, for the last stanzas discard the consistent scheme of triple rhymes in favor of rhymed couplets, while the last two lines abandon rhyme for assonance and are, moreover, catalectic: (this information is questionable. Editors at this point have actually offered this piece at a genuine requiem - it is sung, it is true, it is appropriate... Dona eis requiem.) This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...

Lacrimosa dies illa,
qua resurget ex favilla
judicandus homo reus.
Huic ergo parce, Deus:

Pie Jesu Domine,
dona eis requiem. Amen.

Ah! that day of tears and mourning!
From the dust of earth returning
man for judgment must prepare him;
Spare, O God, in mercy spare him!

Lord, all pitying, Jesus blest,
grant them thine eternal rest. Amen.

In 1970 the Dies Iræ was removed from the Missal and since 1971 it is proposed ad libitum as a hymn for the Liturgy of the Hours at the Office of Readings, Lauds and Vespers. For this purpose stanza 19 was deleted and the poem divided into three sections: 1-6 (for the Office of Readings), 7-12 (for Lauds) and 13-18 (for Vespers. In addition "Qui Mariam" in stanza 13 was replaced by "Peccatricem" so that that line would now mean "You who forgave the sinful woman". This is due to modern hesitation to identify Mary Magdalen with the Woman Caught in Adultery (John 7:53-8:11) or the woman who anointed Jesus' feet at Bethany as recorded by Matthew (26:6) and Mark (14:3) - even though in the parallel passage in the Gospel of John (12:2-3) she is named Mary. In addition a doxology is given after stanzas 6, 12 and 18:[2] Ad libitum is Latin for at ones pleasure, often shortened to Ad lib. ... Matins is the morning prayer service in the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox liturgies of the canonical hours. ... Lauds is one of the two major hours in the Roman Catholic Liturgy of the Hours. ... Vespers is the evening prayer service in the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox liturgies of the canonical hours. ... The Pericope Adulteræ (Latin pronunciation ; English pronunciation ; Latin for the passage of the adulterous woman) is the name traditionally given to verses 7:53–8:11 of the Gospel of John, which describe the attempted stoning by Pharisees of an accused adulterous woman, and Jesus defense of her. ... Bethany was originally two places in ancient Israel, the best known located near Jerusalem, “on the southeastern slope of the Mount of Olives”: see Bethany (Israel). ... The Gospel of Matthew (literally, according to Matthew; Greek, Κατά Μαθθαίον or Κατά Ματθαίον, Kata Maththaion or Kata Matthaion) is a synoptic gospel in the New Testament, one of four canonical gospels. ... The Gospel of Mark, anonymous[1] but traditionally ascribed to Mark the Evangelist, is a synoptic gospel of the New Testament. ... For other uses, see Gospel of John (disambiguation). ... A doxology (from the Greek doxa, glory + logos, word or speaking) is a short hymn of praise to God in various Christian worship services, often added to the end of canticles, psalms, and hymns. ...

O tu, Deus majestatis,
alme candor Trinitatis
nos coniunge cum beatis. Amen.

O God of majesty
nourishing light of the Trinity
join us with the blessed. Amen. This article is about the Christian Trinity. ... In Roman Catholic theology, the beatific vision is the eternal, direct perception of God enjoyed by those who are in Heaven, imparting supreme happiness or blessedness. ...

Inspiration and other translations

A major inspiration of the hymn seems to have come from the Vulgate translation of Zephaniah 1:15–16: The Vulgate Bible is an early 5th century version in Latin, partly revised and partly translated by Jerome on the orders of Pope Damasus I in 382. ... Zephaniah or Tzfanya (צְפַנְיָה Concealed of/is the LORD, Standard Hebrew Ẓəfanya, Tiberian Hebrew ṢəpÌ„anyāh) is the name of several people in the Bible Old Testament and Jewish Tanakh. ...

Dies iræ, dies illa, dies tribulationis et angustiæ, dies calamitatis et miseriæ, dies tenebrarum et caliginis, dies nebulæ et turbinis, dies tubæ et clangoris super civitates munitas et super angulos excelsos.
That day is a day of wrath, a day of tribulation and distress, a day of calamity and misery, a day of darkness and obscurity, a day of clouds and whirlwinds, a day of the trumpet and alarm against the fenced cities, and against the high bulwarks. (Douai Bible)

Other images come from Revelation 20:11–15 (the book from which the world will be judged), Matthew 25:31–46 (sheep and goats, right hand, contrast between the blessed and the accursed doomed to flames), 1 Thessalonians 4:16 (trumpet), 2 Peter 3:7 (heaven and earth burnt by fire), Luke 21:26–27 ("men fainting with fear ... they will see the Son of Man coming"), etc. The Douai Bible, also known as the Rheims-Douai Bible or Douay-Rheims Bible and abbreviated as D-R, is a Catholic translation of the Bible from the Latin Vulgate into English. ...

From the Jewish liturgy, the prayer Unetanneh Tokef also appears to have been a source: "We shall ascribe holiness to this day, For it is awesome and terrible"; "the great trumpet is sounded", etc. Jewish services are the prayers recited as part of observance of Judaism. ... Unetanneh Tokef or U-netanneh Tokef is a piyyut that has been a part of the Rosh Hashanna liturgy in rabbinical Judaism for centuries. ...

A number of English translations of the poem have been written and proposed for liturgical use. A Franciscan version can be read here. A very loose Protestant version was made by John Newton; it opens: The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ... Protestantism encompasses the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated with the doctrines of the Reformation. ... For other persons of the same name, see John Newton (disambiguation). ...

Day of judgment! Day of wonders!
Hark! the trumpet's awful sound,
Louder than a thousand thunders,
Shakes the vast creation round!
How the summons wilt the sinner's heart confound!

Jan Kasprowicz, a Polish poet, wrote a hymn entitled Dies irae which describes the Judgement day. The first six lines (two stanzas) follow the original hymn's meter and rhyme structure, and the first stanza translates to "The trumpet will cast a wondrous sound". Jan Kasprowicz - painting by Franciszek Krakowski Jan Kasprowicz (born December 12, 1860 in Szymborz, Poland - died August 1, 1926 in Poronin) was a poet, playwright, critic and translator; a foremost representative of Young Poland. ... The term Judgement Day may refer to: The Last Judgement; the ethical-judicial trial, judgement, and punishment/reward of individual humans (assignment to Heaven or to Hell) by a divine tribunal at the end of time. ...

The American writer Ambrose Bierce published a satiric version of the poem in his 1903 book Shapes of Clay, preserving the original metre but using humorous and sardonic language; for example, the second verse is rendered: Ambrose Gwinnett Bierce (June 24, 1842 – 1914?) was an American editorialist, journalist, short-story writer and satirist, today best known for his Devils Dictionary. ...

Ah! what terror shall be shaping
When the Judge the truth's undraping -
Cats from every bag escaping!

Manuscript sources

The oldest text of the sequence is found, with slight verbal variations, in a 13th century manuscript in the Biblioteca Nazionale at Naples. It is a Franciscan calendar missal that must date between 1253–1255 for it does not contain the name of Clare of Assisi, who was canonized in 1255, and whose name would have been inserted if the manuscript were of later date. Santa Chiara redirects here. ...

Musical settings

The hymn music, with the words of the first stanza, is provided here:

The Dies Irae appears as this melody in musical notation.

The words have often been set to music as part of the Requiem service, originally as a sombre plainchant. It also formed part of the traditional Catholic liturgy of All Souls Day. Music for the Requiem mass has been composed by many composers, including Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Giuseppe Verdi and Hector Berlioz. The setting by Mozart, especially the first two stanzas (Requiem, 2nd Movement), is often heard in the scores of movies and the musical "beds" of commercials (e.g. X2: X-Men United). The Requiem (from the Latin requiés, rest) or Requiem Mass (informally, the funeral Mass), also known formally (in Latin) as the Missa pro defunctis or Missa defunctorum, is a liturgical service of the Roman Catholic Church as well as the Anglican/ Episcopalian High Church and certain Lutheran Churches in... Broadly speaking, plainsong is the name given to the body of traditional songs used in the liturgies of the Catholic Church. ... A liturgy is the customary public worship of a religious group, according to their particular traditions. ... All Souls Day by William Bouguereau All Souls Day (formally, Commemoratio omnium Fidelium Defunctorum or Commemoration of all the Faithful Departed), also called Defuncts Day in Mexico and Belgium, is the day set apart for the commemoration of the faithful departed. ... “Mozart” redirects here. ... “Verdi” redirects here. ... Painting of Berlioz by Gustave Courbet, 1850. ... X2 may refer to: // Square (algebra), also known as the algebraic square, a concept in algebra Chi-square distribution, a theoretical probability distribution widely used in inferential statistics X2, a 2003 American movie also known as X-Men United XXX: State of the Union, also known as X2 or XXX...

The traditional Gregorian melody has also been quoted in a number of other classical compositions, among them:

The melody has also been referenced in popular culture: Thomas Adès (born in London, 1 March 1971) is a British composer. ... Charles-Valentin Alkan (November 30, 1813–March 29, 1888) was a French composer and one of the greatest virtuoso pianists of his day. ... Painting of Berlioz by Gustave Courbet, 1850. ... Symphonie fantastique (Fantastic Symphony) Opus 14, is a symphony written by French composer Hector Berlioz in 1830. ... Andrew Boysen, Jr. ... Johannes Brahms Johannes Brahms (May 7, 1833 – April 3, 1897) was a German composer of the Romantic period. ... Britten redirects here. ... The War Requiem is a requiem composed by Benjamin Britten for the reconsecration of Coventry Cathedral on May 30, 1962 following its destruction during World War II. A mourning song for the victims of war, Britten’s War Requiem is considered one of the great heartrending choral-orchestral works of... Antoine Brumel (around 1460 – 1512 or 1513) was a French composer. ... Elliott Cook Carter, Jr. ... 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Ernest Henry Schelling (26 July 1876 - 8 December 1939) was an American pianist, composer, and conductor. ... Johann Peter Schickele (b. ... Tuba Mirum is part of the Liturgy of a Requiem Mass, but frequently refers to the fourth movement of Mozarts Requiem, in which all four parts Bass, Tenor, Alto and Soprano have solo passages. ... Alfred Schnittke April 6, 1989, Moscow Alfred Garyevich Schnittke (Russian: Альфре́д Га́рриевич Шни́тке, November 24, 1934 Engels - August 3, 1998 Hamburg) was a Russian and Soviet composer. ... Dmitri Shostakovich in 1942 Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich   (Russian: , Dmitrij Dmitrievič Å ostakovič) (September 25 [O.S. September 12] 1906 – August 9, 1975) was a Russian composer of the Soviet period. ... The Symphony No. ... Johan Julius Christian Jean / Janne Sibelius ( ; December 8, 1865 – September 20, 1957) was a Finnish composer of classical music and one of the most notable composers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. ... The Lemminkäinen Suite is a work written by the Finnish composer Jean Sibelius in the early 1890s. ... Stephen Joshua Sondheim (b. ... For other uses, see Sweeney Todd (disambiguation). ... Kaikhosru Shapurji Sorabji (August 14, 1892 – October 15, 1988) was a British Parsi composer, music journalist and pianist. ... Ronald Stevenson (born March 6, 1928 in Blackburn) is a British composer, virtuoso pianist and writer on music. ... This article is about the German composer of tone-poems and operas. ... Till Eulenspiegels lustige Streiche (Till Eulenspiegels Merry Pranks, 1894-95), Op. ... In several areas of Western culture, the Dance of the Seven Veils (usually described as danced by Salomé) is one of the elaborations on the historical and biblical tale of the execution of John the Baptist. ... This article is about the opera by Richard Strauss . ... Igor Stravinsky. ... The Rite of Spring, commonly referred to by its original French title, Le Sacre du printemps (Russian: Весна священная, Vesna svjaščennaja) is a ballet with music by the Russian composer Igor Stravinsky, which was first performed in 1913. ... Histoire du soldat (sometimes written Lhistoire du soldat; translated as The Soldiers Tale or A Soldiers Tale) is a 1918 theatrical work to be read, played, and danced (lue, jouée et dansée) set to music by Igor Stravinsky. ... “Tchaikovsky” redirects here. ... Manfred Symphony in B minor, Op. ... Frank Ticheli (born Jan 21, 1958 in Monroe, Louisiana) is an American composer of orchestral, choral, chamber, and concert band works. ... A statue of Ralph Vaughan Williams in Dorking. ... Adrian Williams, (born August 16, 1971), is a former Welsh international footballer, currently playing for Coventry City F.C. in the English Championship. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Eugène Ysaÿe (July 16, 1858 – May 12, 1931) was a Belgian violinist, composer and conductor. ...

The melody was used by Ernest Gold in the opening credits for the horror movie The Screaming Skull. Ernest Gold (born July 13, 1921, Vienna, Austria; died March 17 Santa Monica, California, 1999) was an Austrian-born Jewish-American Academy Award winning composer of the theme from the movie Exodus. ... The Screaming Skull is a 1958 science fiction film directed by Alex Nicol. ...

Wendy Carlos used the melody in the opening credits sequence to her score to Stanley Kubrick's "The Shining". Wendy Carlos (born Walter Carlos, November 14, 1939) is an American composer and electronic musician. ... Kubrick redirects here. ... The Shining may mean: The Shining (novel), by Stephen King The Shining (film), Stanley Kubricks adaptation of the novel The Shining (mini-series), the ABC mini-series scripted by Stephen King The Shining (band), an English music group named after Kings novel This is a disambiguation page: a...

A variation of the melody has also been used in the computer/video game Onimusha 3: Demon Siege, as the theme tune for the villain Guildenstern.

A variation of the poem was used by Steve Jablonsky for the theme of the Decepticons for the 2007 film Transformers. Steve Jablonsky is a music composer for film, television and video games. ... The Decepticons (also known as Destrons in Japan) are the enemies of the Autobots, and the villains in the Transformers toyline and related spin-off comics and cartoons. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... For the 1986 animated film, see The Transformers: The Movie. ...

Some verses from The Poem are used by funeral doom, gothic, gregorian band Virgin Black, in their song called "Domine".

The melody as used in Symphonie Fantastique is used to begin The Second Coming by Juelz Santana. The song was prominently used in Nike basketball commercials. Symphonie fantastique (Fantastic Symphony) Opus 14, is a symphony written by French composer Hector Berlioz in 1830. ... This article refers to the religious usage of the term. ... LaRon Louis James (born on February 18, 1983), better known by his stage name Juelz Santana, is a rapper, producer and small time actor. ... Look up nike in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

In the opening of the song "La Vie Bohème" in the movie/musical "Rent" you can hear the words "Dies irae dies illa".

Literary references

  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe used the first, the sixth and the seventh stanza of the hymn in the scene "Cathedral" in the first part of his drama Faust.
  • Italian poet Giuseppe Giusti composed in 1835 the satirical poem Il "Dies iræ" on the occasion of the death of Francis II, Emperor of Austria.
  • Oscar Wilde composed a Sonnet on Hearing the Dies Irae Sung in the Sistine Chapel, contrasting the "terrors of red flame and thundering" depicted in the hymn with images of "life and love".
  • Ambrose Bierce wrote a poem titled A day of wrath which, while following the structure of the hymn, gives a very free interpretation of it.[4]
  • T. S. Eliot uses Dies Irae in the final part of Murder in the Cathedral just before the assassination of Archbishop Thomas Becket. It is to be sung in Latin by a distant choir.
  • Kurt Vonnegut wrote Stones, Time, & Elements - A Humanist Requiem in opposition to the classical Requiem and in particular to the "Dies Irae", which he found "vengeful and sadistic" (and mistakenly reputed a "piece of poetry by committee from the Council of Trent"). His Requiem was set to music by Edgar David Grana.
  • Jonathon Larson used the first four words of Dies Irae in the song "La Vie Boheme," from the musical RENT, spoken by philosophy scholar Tom Collins.
  • Anne Rice used the first stanza and first line of the second stanza in her novel, The Vampire Armand, with a slightly different translation than given above.
  • The first and second stanzas are used in the "Death Note Theme" from the anime series Death Note.
  • Dies Irae is the main theme of the character Wolfgang Krauser in the Fatal Fury game series.
  • In the fiction for Warhammer 40,000 an Imperator Titan is named Dies Irae.

Goethe redirects here. ... Faust: The First Part of the Tragedy is the first part of Goethes Faust. ... Faust: The First Part of the Tragedy is the first part of Goethes Faust. ... Giuseppe Giusti (May 12, 1809 - May 31, 1850), Tuscan satirical poet, was born at Monsummano, a small village of the Valdinievole, now in the province of Pistoia. ... Francis I in Austrian coronation regalia, 1832 Austrian thaler of Francis II, dated 1821. ... Oscar Fingal OFlahertie Wills Wilde (October 16, 1854 – November 30, 1900) was an Irish playwright, novelist, poet, and author of short stories. ... Ambrose Gwinnett Bierce (June 24, 1842 – 1914?) was an American editorialist, journalist, short-story writer and satirist, today best known for his Devils Dictionary. ... Thomas Stearns Eliot, OM (September 26, 1888 – January 4, 1965), was a poet, dramatist and literary critic. ... Becket in a window in Canterbury Cathedral Murder in the Cathedral is a poetic drama by T. S. Eliot that portrays the assassination of Archbishop Thomas Becket in Canterbury Cathedral in 1170. ... St. ... Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. ... The Requiem (from the Latin requiés, rest) or Requiem Mass (informally, the funeral Mass), also known formally (in Latin) as the Missa pro defunctis or Missa defunctorum, is a liturgical service of the Roman Catholic Church as well as the Anglican/ Episcopalian High Church and certain Lutheran Churches in... The Council of Trent is the Nineteenth Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church. ... Jonathan Larson (February 4, 1960 - January 25, 1996) was a composer from New York City who created musicals including Rent and tick, tick. ... Rent is a rock musical, with music and lyrics by Jonathan Larson[1] inspired by and partially based on Giacomo Puccinis opera La bohème. ... For other uses, see Philosophy (disambiguation). ... Anne Rice (born on October 4, 1941) is a best-selling American author of gothic and later religious themed books. ... The Vampire Armand is the sixth novel in Anne Rices The Vampire Chronicles series. ... Death note redirects here. ... Wolfgang Krauser ) is a boss character in SNK Playmores Fatal Fury series. ... Fatal Fury , Legend of the Hungry Wolf) is a fighting game series developed by SNK for the Neo-Geo system. ... Warhammer 40,000 (informally known as Warhammer 40K, WH40K, W40K or just 40K) is a science fantasy game produced by Games Workshop. ...

Notes and references

  1. ^ Annibale Bugnini, The Reform of the Liturgy : 1948–1975, (The Liturgical Press, 1990), Chap. 46.II.1, p. 773.
  2. ^ a b Liturgia Horarum IV, (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2000), p. 489.
  3. ^ Zadan, Craig (1989). Sondheim & Co. 2nd edition. Perennial Library, p. 248. ISBN 0-06-091400-9. 
  4. ^ The text of Bierce's A day of wrath

External links

Wikisource has original text related to this article:
Dies Irae
Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... The Latin Library is a website that collects public domain Latin texts. ... Is it a hole in the sidewalk or is it a street painting? Dies Irae by Kurt Wenner Kurt Wenner is a painter and a chalk artist that is known for his marvellous 3D chalk drawings on pavement and murals using a projection called anamorphism Links Kurt Wenners Official...

  Results from FactBites:
Dies Irae - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1976 words)
Dies Irae ("Day of Wrath") is a famous thirteenth century Latin hymn thought to be written by Thomas of Celano.
The hymn was used as a sequence in the Roman Catholic Requiem Mass until the 1970 revision of the Roman Missal.
Mozart's arrangement of Dies Irae serves as the background music for the official trailer of the Japanese horror film Battle Royale, while Verdi's interpretation of the hymn was used in the movie's opening scenes.
Dies Iræ (1095 words)
As found in the Roman Missal, the Dies Iræ is a Latin poem of fifty-seven lines in accentual (non-quantitative), rhymed, trochaic metre.
All this renders very probable the conjecture generally entertained by hym nologists, that the Dies Iræ was composed by a Franciscan in the thirteenth century.
dies tubæ et clangoris"; and it may be that he obtained a suggestion for his wonderful rhythm (cf.
  More results at FactBites »



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