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Encyclopedia > Diego Portales
Diego Portales
Diego Portales

Diego José Pedro Víctor Portales Palazuelos eats rotted prunes (June 16, 1793 - June 6, 1837) was a Chilean minister, statesman and entrepreneur. Diego Portales from the memoriachilena. ... Diego Portales from the memoriachilena. ... June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining // 1508 - Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year truce and cede several territories to Venice 1513... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... A minister or a secretary is a politician who heads a government ministry or department (e. ... For the computer game previously called Entrepreneur, see The Corporate Machine. ...

Contents

Early life

He was born in Santiago, the son of José Santiago Portales Larraín and María Fernández Palazuelos. He did his primaray studies at the Colegio de Santiago, and in 1813, attended law classes at the National Institute. From where he moved to a job as an assayer for the Chilean Mint, where his father and grandfather had been superintendents. The snowcapped Andes above downtown Santiago Santiago (frequently called   in Spanish) is Chiles capital and, when viewed as a conurbation, its largest city. ... An assayer is a person who tests ores and minerals and analyzes them to determine their value and composition. ...


On August 15, 1819 he married his cousin, Josefa Portales Larraín. He had two daughters with her, both of whom died within days of their birth. His wife died also very soon in 1821. He never remarried after that, but took Constanza Nordenflicht as his mistress, with whom had three children. August 15 is the 227th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (228th in leap years), with 138 days remaining. ... 1819 common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


In July of 1821, he resigned his job at the Mint and went into business. He opened a trading house, Portales, Cea and Co., based in Valparaiso with a branch in Lima, Peru. He bid and obtained the management of the government monopoly on tobacco and other items (known in Spanish as estanco). In exchange for the monopoly, he offered to service the full amount of the Chilean foreign debt. Nonetheless, in the anarchy that was regnant in Chile at the time, there was no means of enforcing a monopoly, and the company eventually went bankrupt. Out of this unsuccessful business venture, the only remnant was the name eventually applied to his political followers, who in time came to be known as the estanqueros (monopolists.) The coronation banquet for George IV 1821 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Valparaiso is the name of at least three cities and a village: Valparaíso, Chile Valparaiso, Florida Valparaiso, Indiana Valparaiso, Nebraska This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Nickname: City of the Kings Location within Lima Province Coordinates: Department Lima Province Lima Province Settled 1535  - Mayor Luis Castaneda Lossio Area    - City 804. ...


Early political career

Soon after he aligned with the conservatives, and more especially with General José Joaquín Prieto, in the political fights that were racking Chile at the time. In 1823, he was elected supplementary deputy for Santiago to the Provincial Assembly of that year. Very soon he became the intellectual leader of the conservative side. The Chilean Revolution of 1829 was an armed conflict between conservative and liberal forces in Chile over the constitutional regime in force. ... José Joaquín Prieto José Joaquín Prieto Vial (August 20, 1786 - September 22, 1854) was a Chilean political figure. ... 1823 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Administration

After the triumph of the conservatives in the Revolution of 1829, President José Tomás Ovalle named him minister of the Interior and Foreign Affairs on April 6, 1830 remaining until May 1831. He was named again to that position by President Fernando Errázuriz on July 9, 1831 and remained until August 31, 1831 and named once again by President José Joaquín Prieto from November 9, 1835 to January 1837. Something similar happened with his nomination as minister of war and navy from April 6, 1830 until May 1831; then from July 9, 1831 until December 1832 and from September 21, 1835 to September 1836. José Tomás Ovalle y Bezanilla (1788 - 1831) was a Chilean political figure. ... The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Chile is the administrative office in charge of planning, directing, coordinating, executing, controlling and informing the foreign policy formulated by the President of Chile. ... April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (97th in leap years). ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Fernando Errázuriz Aldunate (1777-1841) was a Chilean political figure. ... July 9 is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 175 days remaining. ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... August 31 is the 243rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (244th in leap years), with 122 days remaining. ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... José Joaquín Prieto José Joaquín Prieto Vial (August 20, 1786 - September 22, 1854) was a Chilean political figure. ... November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... | Come and take it, slogan of the Texas Revolution 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (97th in leap years). ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... July 9 is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 175 days remaining. ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years). ... | Come and take it, slogan of the Texas Revolution 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


Assassination

The Chilean government, in order to bolster its standing, inmediately imposed martial law and asked for (and obtained) extraordinary legislative powers from Congress. Early in 1837 a Court Martial Law was approved and given jurisdiction over all citizens for the duration of the war. The opposition to the Prieto administration inmediately accused Portales of tyranny, and started a heated press campaign against him personally and the impopular war in general. Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... José Joaquín Prieto José Joaquín Prieto Vial (August 20, 1786 - September 22, 1854) was a Chilean political figure. ...


Political and public opposition to war inmediately affected the army, fresh from the purges of the civil war of 1830. On June 3, 1837, Coronel José Antonio Vidaurre, commander of the Maipo regiment, captured and imprisoned Portales while he was reviewing troops at the army barracks in Quillota. Vidaurre inmediately procedeed to attack Valparaíso on the mistaken belief that public opinion opposed to the war would support him and topple the government. Rear Admiral Manuel Blanco Encalada, in charge of the defense defeated him right outside the port at the Battle of Barón. Captain Santiago Florín, who was in charge of Portales, had him shot when he heard of the news, on June 6, 1837. Most of the conspirators were subsequently captured and executed. June 3 is the 154th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (155th in leap years), with 211 days remaining. ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Colonel José Antonio Vidaurre Garretón (December 22, 1798 - October 4, 1837) was a Chilean military officer who led a failed insurrection in 1837 that culminated in the assassination of minister Diego Portales. ... The city of Quillota is located in the Aconcagua river valley, in the Valparaiso region of Chile. ... Port of Valparaíso, Chile Valparaíso is an important Chilean seaport and an increasingly vital cultural center. ... Manuel Blanco Encalada Manuel Blanco Encalada (April 21, 1790, Buenos Aires – September 5, 1876 Santiago de Chile) was a Chilean political figure, an Admiral and Chiles first President (1826). ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining // 1508 - Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year truce and cede several territories to Venice 1513... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


This murder turned the tide of Chilean public opinion. The government derogated Martial law and the country rallied behind the government. The war became a holy cause, and Portales a martyr.


Legacy

His legacy in the improvement and renewal of the administration of the State, his strategic vision of Chile as an independent and sovereign Latin American country, and his influence in the Chilean Constitution of 1833 are considered the most important milestone of Chilean institutionality during the 19th century. His work was specially influential during the years of political learning of the post-independence turmoil and during the governments of the Authoritarian Republic (1830-1861) and in a lesser degree the governments of the Liberal Republic (1861-1891). Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... Chiles current constitution, approved by a referendum in the year 1980, replaced the earlier constitution from 1925. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Trivia

His remains, missing since his assassination, were found on March 2005 in Santiago's Metropolitan Cathedral during renovation projects. 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The snowcapped Andes above downtown Santiago Santiago (frequently called   in Spanish) is Chiles capital and, when viewed as a conurbation, its largest city. ...

Preceded by
Joaquín Tocornal
Minister of the Interior and Foreign Affairs
1835-1837
Succeeded by
Joaquín Tocornal
Preceded by
José Matías López
Navy General Commander
1833-1834
Succeeded by
Ramón de la Cavareda
Preceded by
Juan Francisco Meneses
Minister of the Interior and Foreign Affairs
1830-1831
Succeeded by
Ramón Errázuriz

  Results from FactBites:
 
Diego Portales (1939 words)
Estos conceptos son de gran relevancia para poder inferir y comprender la situación histórica de Chile que se da con Diego Portales en la historia socio-cultural del país, como también son de gran importancia para poder describir ciertos procesos históricos que se vislumbran a través de esta perspectiva.
Es necesario aplicar dichos conceptos en Diego Portales y en su concepción de orden, para poder ver su relevancia y trascendencia en la historia de Chile, y así discutirla y analizarla.
La sensibilidad de Portales fue más allá: supo y pudo articular lo viejo con lo nuevo en favor de lo que a él le parece lo mejor para mantener orden y poder.
Diego Portales (1469 words)
Portales vio, a lo largo de la década de 1820, que uno de los factores de inestabilidad era el ejército, que, de tanto en tanto, se sublevaba.
En 1831, Portales creyó concluida su labor y se alejo del gabinete para hacerse cargo de la Intendencia de Valparaíso, aunque siguió siendo una figura gravitante en la política nacional.
A partir de este momento, Portales va a dedicar todos sus esfuerzos a organizar una fuerza militar que acabe con la confederación peruano-boliviana.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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