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Encyclopedia > Diego Garcia
Diego Garcia
IATA: NKW – ICAO: FJDG
Summary
Airport type Naval Support Facility
Owner United Kingdom
Operator United States Navy, Royal Navy, Royal Marines
Location Diego Garcia, Chagos
Built 1980s
In use 1971 - present
Elevation AMSL 9 ft / 3 m
Coordinates 7°18′48″S 72°24′40″E / -7.31333, 72.41111
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
13/31 12,003 3,659 Concrete

Diego Garcia is an atoll in the middle of the Indian Ocean, about 1,600 km (1,000 mi) south off India's and Sri Lanka's southern coasts. It is the largest atoll by land area in the Chagos Archipelago. It is part of the British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT), a British overseas territory. An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... USN redirects here. ... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... The Royal Marines (RM) are the marines and amphibious infantry of the United Kingdom and, along with the Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary, form the Naval Service [2]. They are also the United Kingdoms amphibious force and specialists in mountain and Arctic warfare. ... islands in the Indian Ocean, lying 500 km south of the Maldives. ... The term above mean sea level (AMSL) refers to the elevation (on the ground) or altitude (in the air) of any object, relative to the average sea level. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... This article is about the construction material. ... Portion of a Pacific atoll showing two islets on the ribbon or barrier reef separated by a deep pass between the ocean and the lagoon. ... // The Chagos Archipelago. ... Location of the British Overseas Territories The British Overseas Territories are fourteen[1] territories which the United Kingdom considers to be under its sovereignty, but not as part of the United Kingdom itself. ...


Since the enforced depopulation of Diego Garcia in the years leading up to 1973, it has been used as a military base by the United Kingdom and the United States. It has one of five ground antennas assisting in the operation of the Global Positioning System, the others being on Ascension Island, Hawaii, Kwajalein and in Colorado Springs. The Diego Garcia depopulation controversy pertains to the evacuation of the indigenous inhabitants of the island of Diego Garcia during the 1960s and 70s. ... GPS redirects here. ... Anthem: God Save the Queen Capital Georgetown Largest city Georgetown Official languages English Government Dependency of St. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Kwajalein Atoll - NASA NLT Landsat 7 (Visible Color) Satellite Image Kwajalein Atoll (Marshallese: Kuwajleen ; common English pronunciation , often nicknamed Kwaj by English-speaking residents of the U.S. facilities) is part of the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI). ... Colorado Springs is a middle-sized city, located just east of the geographic center of the state of Colorado in the United States. ...


It is covered in luxuriant tropical vegetation, with little sign of the copra and coconut plantations that once covered it. It is 60 kilometres (37 mi) long, with a maximum elevation of 6.7 metres (22 ft), and nearly encloses a lagoon about 19 kilometres (12 mi) long and up to 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) wide. Depths in the lagoon extend to 30 metres (98 ft), and numerous coral heads form hazards to navigation. Shallow reefs surround the island on the ocean side. The channel and anchorage area are dredged, while the old turning basin can also be used. Copra drying in the sun Copra is the dried meat, or kernel, of the coconut. ... For other uses, see Coconut (disambiguation). ... This article is about crop plantations. ... This mid bay barrier in Narrabeen, a suburb of Sydney (Australia), has blocked what used to be a bay to form a lagoon. ... // For other uses, see Dredge (disambiguation). ...

Location map of Diego Garcia.
Location map of Diego Garcia.
Overhead view of Diego Garcia, looking south.
Overhead view of Diego Garcia, looking south.

Contents

Image File history File links Location of Diego Garcia; source CIA world factbook, according to [1]. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Location of Diego Garcia; source CIA world factbook, according to [1]. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Geography

The atoll forms a nearly complete rim of land around a lagoon, enclosing 90 percent of its perimeter, with an opening only in the north. The main island is the largest of about sixty islands which form the Chagos Archipelago. Besides the main islands, there are three small islets at the mouth of the lagoon in the north: This article is about the distance around an object. ...

  1. West Island (3.4 ha/8.4 acres)
  2. Middle Island (6 ha/14.8 acres)
  3. East Island (11.75 ha/29 acres)

The total area of the atoll is 174 km² (66 mi²) according to [1], of which 30 km² (12 mi²) are land, 17 km² (6.5 mi²) peripheral reef and 124 km² (48 mi²) are lagoon. A hectare (symbol ha) is a metric unit of surface area, equal to 100 ares (the name is a contraction of the SI prefix hecto + are). ... A hectare (symbol ha) is a metric unit of surface area, equal to 100 ares (the name is a contraction of the SI prefix hecto + are). ... A hectare (symbol ha) is a metric unit of surface area, equal to 100 ares (the name is a contraction of the SI prefix hecto + are). ...


Climate

Eclipse Point, Diego Garcia.
Eclipse Point, Diego Garcia.

Annual rainfall averages 260 cm (102 in), with the heaviest precipitation from October to February. August, the driest month, averages 100 mm (4.2 in). Temperatures are generally close to 30 °C (86 °F) by day, falling to the low 20s °C (70 °F) by night. Humidity is high throughout the year. The almost constant breezes keep conditions reasonably comfortable. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x683, 650 KB) Summary USAF photographers photo Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x683, 650 KB) Summary USAF photographers photo Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... In meteorology, precipitation is any kind of water that falls from the sky as part of the weather. ...


Diego Garcia is at risk from tropical cyclones. The surrounding topography is low and does not provide an extensive wind break. Since the 1960s the island has not been seriously affected by a severe tropical cyclone, even though it has often been threatened. The maximum sustained wind associated with a tropical cyclone in the period 1970-2000 was approximately 40 knots (75 km/h). This article is about the meteorological phenomenon. ... For discussion of land surfaces themselves, see Terrain. ...

Sunset at Cannon Point.
Sunset at Cannon Point.

The island was somewhat affected by the tsunami caused by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. Service personnel on the western arm of the atoll island reported only a minor increase in wave activity. The island was protected to a large degree by its favourable ocean topography. About 80 km (50 mi) east of the atoll lies the 650 km (400-mile) long Chagos Trench, an underwater canyon plunging more than 4,900 m (16,000 ft). The depth of the trench and its grade to the atoll's slope and shelf shore makes it more difficult for substantial tsunami waves to build before passing the atoll from the east. In addition, near shore coral reefs and an algal platform may have dissipated much of the waves' impact.[1][2] A biological survey conducted in early 2005 indicated erosional effects of the tsunami wave on Diego Garcia and other islands of the Chagos Archipelago. One 200 to 300 m stretch of atoll shoreline was found to have been breached by the tsunami wave, representing approximately 10 percent of the eastern arm. A biological survey by the Chagos Conservation Trust reported that the resulting inundation additionally washed away shoreline shrubs and small to medium size coconut palms.[2] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1639x1171, 238 KB) Summary --Blaine Steinert 16:37, 7 July 2006 (UTC) Diego Garcia: looking west over the Indian Ocean from Cannon Point at sundown. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1639x1171, 238 KB) Summary --Blaine Steinert 16:37, 7 July 2006 (UTC) Diego Garcia: looking west over the Indian Ocean from Cannon Point at sundown. ... For other uses, see Tsunami (disambiguation). ... The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, known by the scientific community as the Sumatra-Andaman earthquake,[1] was a great undersea earthquake that occurred at 00:58:53 UTC (07:58:53 local time) December 26, 2004 with an epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. ... Part of a coral reef. ...


On November 30, 1983 a magnitude 7 earthquake 55 km (34 mi) northwest of the island caused a small tsunami resulting in a 1.5 m (5 ft) rise in wave height in the lagoon, causing some damage to buildings, piers and the runway. is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Jimi Hendrix song, see 1983. ... The moment magnitude scale was introduced in 1979 by Tom Hanks and Hiroo Kanamori as a successor to the Richter scale and is used by seismologists to compare the energy released by earthquakes. ... This article is about the natural seismic phenomenon. ...


History

Coconut Plantation, East Point
(former main settlement).

Portuguese explorers discovered Diego Garcia in the early sixteenth century. The island's name is believed to have come from either the ship's captain or the navigator on that early voyage of discovery. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 750 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1500 × 1200 pixel, file size: 162 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Aerial photograph of the coconut plantation at East Point, Diego Garcia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 750 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1500 × 1200 pixel, file size: 162 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Aerial photograph of the coconut plantation at East Point, Diego Garcia. ...


The islands remained uninhabited until the 18th century when the French established copra plantations using slave labour. Diego Garcia became a possession of the United Kingdom after the Napoleonic wars, and from 1814 to 1965 it was a dependency of Mauritius. Copra drying in the sun Copra is the dried meat, or kernel, of the coconut. ... Slavery is any of a number of related conditions involving control of a person against his or her will, enforced by violence or other clear forms of coercion. ... Combatants Austria[a] Portugal Prussia[a] Russia[b] Sicily[c] Sardinia  Spain[d]  Sweden[e] United Kingdom French Empire Holland[f] Italy Etruria[g] Naples[h] Duchy of Warsaw[i] Confederation of the Rhine[j] Bavaria Saxony Westphalia Württemberg Denmark-Norway[k] Commanders Archduke Charles Prince Schwarzenberg Karl Mack...


In 1965, the Chagos Islands, which include Diego Garcia, were detached from Mauritius to form part of the British Indian Ocean Territories (BIOT). In 1966 the crown bought the islands and plantations, which had been under private ownership and which had not been profitable with the introduction of new oils and lubricants. In 1971, the plantations were closed because of the agreement between the United Kingdom and the United States to make Diego Garcia available to the U.S. as a military base. No payment was made as part of this arrangement, although it has been claimed that the United Kingdom received a US$14 million discount on the acquisition of Polaris missiles from the United States.[3] The agreement forbids any other economic activity on the island. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with All Atolls of Chagos Archipelago. ... A military base is a facility directly owned and operated by and/or for the military or one of its branches that shelters military equipment and personnel, and facilitates training and operations. ... USD redirects here. ... Polaris A-3 on launch pad in Cape Canaveral The Polaris missile was a submarine-launched, two-stage solid-fuel nuclear-armed ballistic missile (SLBM) built during the Cold War by Lockheed for the United States Navy. ...


Until 1971 Diego Garcia had a native population of 2,000 Chagossians or Ilois, descendants of Indian workers and African slaves who had been brought to the island in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries to work on the coconut and copra plantations. They lived in three settlements: East Point, the main settlement on the eastern rim of the atoll; Minni Minni, 4.5 km (2.75 mi) north of East Point; and Pointe Marianne, on the western rim. The islanders were forcibly depopulated to the Seychelles and then to Mauritius amid starvation and intimidation tactics by the UK government[citation needed]. Since their expulsion the Chagossians have continually asserted their right to return to Diego Garcia. In April 2006, 102 Chagossians were allowed to visit Diego Garcia for a week, to tend to graves and visit their birthplaces.[4] [5] For a good general history of the Islands and what happened to the Ilois, refer to the The Minority Rights Group Report No 54 - 'Diego Garcia: a contrast to the Falklands. An unnamed Chagossian and his final coconut harvest, photographed at the time of the first United States encampment (1971) Chagossians (also known as Ilois and Chagos Islanders) are a group of Creole-speaking people. ... The Diego Garcia depopulation controversy pertains to the evacuation of the indigenous inhabitants of the island of Diego Garcia during the 1960s and 70s. ...

Diego Garcia Police Station.
Diego Garcia Police Station.

Diego Garcia is home to a military base jointly operated by the United States and the United Kingdom. It is a naval refuelling and support station and the home of Maritime Prepositioning Ship Squadron Two, the naval unit responsible for the readiness of the ships in Military Sealift Command Prepositioning Program in the Indian Ocean, a vital strategic asset to the United States.[6] It has an air base that primarily supported land-based U.S. Navy P-3 Orion maritime patrol aircraft during the Cold War. Since 11 Sep 2001, in addition to P-3 aircraft, it has also supported some of the largest military aircraft. U.S. Air Force B-52s, B-51s and B-2s, as well as various aerial refueling tanker aircraft have been deployed to Diego Garcia to execute missions. During the 1991 Gulf War, Diego Garcia was home to the 4300th Bomb Wing (Provisional), made up of B-52G bombers from the former Loring AFB, Maine and other B-52G bases. It was also used in support of military missions in Afghanistan during Operation Enduring Freedom, and to Iraq again during the 2003 invasion. High-tech portable shelters to support the B-2 bomber were built on the island before the 2003 invasion of Iraq. The B-52s, B-1s and B-2s deployed to Diego Garcia in anticipation of the second Iraq War carried out the initial aerial bombardment on Baghdad on March 22, 2003. Some of these bombers dropped GPS guided bombs and laser guided 1,905 kg (4,200 lb.) bunker busters in "decapitation strikes" intended to kill Saddam Hussein and other Baath Party officials.[7] Although they now primarily deploy to Al Udeid Air Base in Qatar, Diego Garcia still remains a regular deployment site for U.S. Navy P-3C Orion maritime patrol aircraft. File links The following pages link to this file: British Indian Ocean Territory Categories: U.S. Air Force images ... File links The following pages link to this file: British Indian Ocean Territory Categories: U.S. Air Force images ... A military base is a facility directly owned and operated by and/or for the military or one of its branches that shelters military equipment and personnel, and facilitates training and operations. ... The Military Sealift Command (MSC) is a United States Navy (USN) organization that controls most of the replenishment and military transport ships of the Navy. ... For other uses, see Airport (disambiguation). ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... The Lockheed P-3 Orion is a maritime patrol aircraft of numerous militaries around the world, used primarily for maritime patrol, reconnaissance, and anti-submarine warfare. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... Flying machine redirects here. ... Seal of the Air Force. ... “B-52” redirects here. ... The B-1 Lancer is an American strategic bomber with variable geometry wings. ... The Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit is a multi-role stealth heavy bomber, capable of deploying both conventional and nuclear weapons. ... Boom and receptacle: USAF KC-135R Stratotanker, two F-15s (twin fins) and two F-16s, on an aerial refueling training mission IAF Il-76 MD refueling two Mirage 2000 fighter jets German Luftwaffe Airbus A310 MRTT ready for refueling, shown at the Paris Air Show 2007 Aerial refueling, also... Flying machine redirects here. ... For other uses, see Iraq war (disambiguation). ... Loring AFB is a former United States Air Force base located in Aroostook County, Maine, treated for statistical purposes by the United States Census Bureau as a census-designated place. ... Combatants United States, Poland, France, Canada, Pakistan, India, Australia, United Kingdom, Germany, Netherlands, New Zealand, Philippines (in the Philippines theatre only), Northern Alliance, Italy, Czech Republic, Hungary, Ethiopia, Somalia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia, Albania, Macedonia, Romania, Portugal, Bulgaria, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Georgia Taliban, al-Qaeda, Abu Sayyaf, Jemaah... This article is about the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ... The Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit is a multi-role stealth heavy bomber, capable of deploying both conventional and nuclear weapons. ... The B-1 Lancer is an American strategic bomber with variable geometry wings. ... For other uses of the term, see Iraq war (disambiguation) The 2003 invasion of Iraq (also called the 2nd or 3rd Persian Gulf War) began on March 20, 2003, when forces belonging primarily to the United States and the United Kingdom invaded Iraq arguably without the explicit backing of the... The remains of German town of Wesel after intensive allied area bombing in 1945 (destruction rate 97% of all buildings) The aerial bombing of cities began in 1911, developed through World War I, grew to a vast scale in World War II, and continued to the present day. ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Bomber (disambiguation). ... The Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM) is a guidance tail kit that converts existing unguided free-fall bombs into accurate, adverse weather smart munitions. ... A laser-guided bomb (LGB) is a free-fall bomb, usually dropped from an aircraft, that is guided to its target by a laser designator The laser is directed at the target, illuminating it. ... A bunker buster is a bomb designed to penetrate hardened targets or targets buried deep underground. ... In the theory of nuclear warfare, a decapitation strike is an attack that aims to remove the command and control mechanisms of the opponent, in the hope that it will severely degrade or destroy its capacity for nuclear retaliation. ... Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was the fifth President of Iraq and Chairman of the Iraqi Revolutionary Command Council from 1979 until his overthrow by US forces in 2003. ... Bath Party flag The Arab Socialist Baath Party (also spelled Baath or Baath; Arabic: حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي) was founded in Damascus in the 1940s as the original secular Arab nationalist movement, to combat Western colonial rule. ... The Lockheed P-3 Orion is a maritime patrol aircraft of numerous militaries around the world, used primarily for maritime patrol, reconnaissance, and anti-submarine warfare. ... Maritime patrol is the task of monitoring large areas of water. ...

GEODSS at Diego Garcia.
GEODSS at Diego Garcia.

The base is part of the U.S. Space Surveillance Network,[8] with a three-telescope GEODSS station, and is a NASA Space Shuttle emergency landing site.[9] // Mission Space surveillance is a critical part of United States Strategic Commands (USSTRATCOM) mission and involves detecting, tracking, cataloging and identifying man-made objects orbiting Earth, i. ... // Mission Space surveillance is a critical part of United States Strategic Commands (USSTRATCOM) mission and involves detecting, tracking, cataloging and identifying man-made objects orbiting Earth, i. ... // Mission Space surveillance is a critical part of United States Strategic Commands (USSTRATCOM) mission and involves detecting, tracking, cataloging and identifying man-made objects orbiting Earth, i. ... For other uses, see NASA (disambiguation). ... This article is about the space vehicle. ...


Neither the U.S. nor the UK recognises Diego Garcia as being subject to the African Nuclear Weapons Free Zone Treaty, though the rest of the Chagos Archipelago is included, suggesting they wish to maintain the freedom to base nuclear weapons there. African nations that have ratified the African Nuclear-Weapon-Free-Zone Treaty are shown in green, and the remaining states of the African Union in yellow. ... // The Chagos Archipelago. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 kilometers (11 mi) above the hypocenter A nuclear weapon derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions of fusion or fission. ...


The agreement between the UK and U.S. for the U.S. to use the island as a military base was made in 1966. It runs until 2036, but either government can opt out of the agreement in 2016.


Construction and maintenance of the base's communications equipment, fuel facilities and military hardware are done strictly by military contractors, and inventories of that weaponry are classified. No service-member family dependents are allowed. In 2001, the U.S. Department of Defense said that there were more buildings on Diego Garcia (654) than military personnel.[10] The United States Department of Defense (DOD or DoD) is the federal department charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government relating directly to national security and the military. ...


Politics

Detailed map of Diego Garcia.
Detailed map of Diego Garcia.

In 2000 the British High Court granted the islanders the right to return to the Archipelago and granted them UK citizenship. In 2002, the islanders and their descendants, now numbering 4,500, returned to court requesting compensation, after two years of delays by the British Foreign Office. However, on June 10, 2004, the British government made two Orders-in-Council banning the islanders from returning home, reversing the 2000 court decision.[11] Some of the Chagossians are making return plans to turn Diego Garcia into a sugarcane and fishing enterprise as soon as the defence agreement expires. A few dozen other Chagossians are still fighting to be housed in the UK.[12] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (974x1222, 253 KB) CIA map of Diego Garcia. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (974x1222, 253 KB) CIA map of Diego Garcia. ... The Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Whitehall, seen from St. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... An Order-in-Council is an executive order issued in Commonwealth Realms operating under the Westminster system. ...


On May 11, 2006, the High Court ruled that the 2004 Orders-in-Council were unlawful, and that the Chagossians were entitled to return to the Chagos Archipelago.[13] This judgment was upheld by the Court of Appeal on May 23, 2007.[14][15] It is not known whether the British Government will make a further appeal, or how and when the judgment might be carried out. is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


Torture site allegation

Human rights groups claim that the military base is used by the U.S. government for the controversial extraordinary rendition of prisoners. This claim was supported by the Council of Europe in June 2007.[16] The British Foreign Secretary Jack Straw stated in parliament that U.S. authorities have repeatedly assured him that no detainees have passed in transit through Diego Garcia or have disembarked there.[17] In October 2007 the all-party Foreign Affairs Committee of the British Parliament announced that it would launch an investigation of the claims, which it is reported were twice confirmed by General Barry McCaffrey.[18] Extraordinary rendition and irregular rendition are terms used to describe the extrajudicial transfer of a person from one state to another with the intent of legally torturing them outside of the jurisdiction of a state which prohibits it. ... Anthem Ode to Joy (orchestral)  ten founding members joined subsequently observer at the Parliamentary Assembly observer at the Committee of Ministers  official candidate Seat Strasbourg, France Membership 47 European states 5 observers (Council) 3 observers (Assembly) Leaders  -  Secretary General Terry Davis  -  President of the Parliamentary Assembly Rene van der Linden... The Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (commonly referred to as Foreign Secretary) is a member of the British Government responsible for relations with foreign countries, heading the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (often called simply the Foreign Office). ... John Whitaker Straw (born August 3, 1946) is a British Labour Party politician. ... The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative institution in the United Kingdom and British overseas territories (it alone has parliamentary sovereignty). ... Gen. ...


On October 19, 2007 The Guardian reported: "The all-party foreign affairs committee is to examine long-standing suspicions that the agency has operated one of its so-called 'black site' prisons on Diego Garcia..."[18] The Guardian quoted British Member of Parliament Andrew Tyrie, "Time and time again the UK government has relied on US assurances on this issue, refusing to examine the truth of these allegations for themselves. It is high time our government took its head out of the sand and looked into these allegations." is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... For other uses, see Guardian. ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: Detention, Treatment, and Trial of Certain Non-Citizens in the War Against Terrorism The Salt Pit in Afghanistan Black site is a military term that has been used by United States intelligence agencies to refer to any classified facility whose existence or... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ...


Rendition admission by F.O.

On February 21, 2008, British Foreign Secretary David Miliband admitted that two US extraordinary rendition flights refueled on Diego Garcia in 2002.[19] Further, it has been implied that these actions constituted a direct breach of the treaty between the US and the UK concerning Diego Garcia.[20] [21] is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... David Wright Miliband (born 15 July 1965) is a British politician who is the current Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs [1] and Member of Parliament for the constituency of South Shields, Tyne and Wear. ... Extraordinary rendition and irregular rendition are terms used to describe the extrajudicial transfer of a person from one state to another with the intent of legally torturing them outside of the jurisdiction of a state which prohibits it. ...


Further allegations from U.N. Official

Manfred Novak, the United Nations' special rapporteur on torture, says that credible evidence exists supporting allegations about the use Diego Garcia as a prison for alleged terrorists.


Clara Gutteridge, an investigator with human rights group Reprieve, states that US-operated ships moored outside the territorial waters of Diego Garcia were used to incarcerate and torture detainees.[22] Reprieve is the name of a number of not-for-profit organizations around the world which work against the death penalty, with a particular focus on legal support for those facing the death penalty. ...


Arrests

On 12 March 2008, The Guardian reported that two British protesters had been arrested for "entering the waters [of Diego Garcia] illegally". [23] is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Guardian. ...


Strategic importance

During the Cold War era, the United States was keen on establishing a military base in the Indian Ocean. Because of Diego Garcia's proximity to India, a potential ally of the Soviet Union, the United States saw the island as a strategically important one. U.S. military activities in Diego Garcia have caused friction between India and U.S. in the past.[24] Various political parties in India repeatedly demanded that the U.S. dismantle the military base as they saw U.S. naval presence in Diego Garcia as a potential threat to India's dominance of the Indian Ocean.[25] For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ...

B-1B Lancer Bombers on Diego Garcia.

After the end of the Cold War, relations between India and U.S. improved dramatically. Diego Garcia was the site of several naval exercises between the U.S. and Indian Navy held between 2001 and 2004. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2100x1500, 197 KB) Summary A U.S. Air Force B-1B Lancer bomber takes off on a strike mission against al Qaeda terrorist training camps and military installations of the Taliban regime in Afghanistan on Oct. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2100x1500, 197 KB) Summary A U.S. Air Force B-1B Lancer bomber takes off on a strike mission against al Qaeda terrorist training camps and military installations of the Taliban regime in Afghanistan on Oct. ... The B-1 Lancer is an American strategic bomber with variable geometry wings. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... The Indian Navy is the naval branch of the armed forces of India. ...


Diego Garcia is also located relatively close to the Middle East, and experienced rapid military build-ups during the beginnings of the Iranian revolution and the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.


Diego Garcia has several current missions. U.S. Air Force bombers and AWACS surveillance planes operate from the 3,650 m (12,000 ft) runway, and the USAF Space Command has built a satellite tracking station and communications facility.


The atoll shelters the 14 ships of Marine Prepositioning Squadron Two. These ships carry the equipment and supplies to support a major armed force with light tanks, armored personnel carriers, munitions, fuel, spare parts and even a mobile field hospital. This equipment showed its necessity during the Persian Gulf War, when the Squadron quickly delivered its equipment to Saudi Arabia. There, soldiers flown on air transports from U.S. and European bases quickly unloaded and deployed the pre-positioned material. For other uses, see Iraq war (disambiguation). ...


Pre-positioned vessels

There are five cargo vessels that each carry Marine Corps supplies sufficient to support a Marine Air-Ground Task Force 30 days. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States military responsible for providing force projection from the sea,[1] using the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces and is one of seven uniformed services. ... The Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) is a term used by the United States Marine Corps to describe the principal organization for all missions across the range of military operations. ...

  • MV Anderson
  • MV Baugh
  • MV Bonnyman
  • MV Hauge
  • MV Phillips

The four combat force ships provide rapid-response delivery of U.S. Army equipment to ground troops. Three are Lighter aboard ships (LASH) which carry barges called Lighters that contain Army ammunition to be ferried ashore. The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... The Lighter Aboard Ship (LASH) system refers to the practice of loading barges (lighters) aboard a larger vessel for transport. ... Lighter riding the current under Tower Bridge, London, circa 1928 A lighter is a type of flat-bottomed barge used to transfer goods to and from moored ships. ...

  • MV American Cormorant
  • SS Green Harbour, (LASH)
  • SS Green Valley, (LASH)
  • MV Jeb Stuart, (LASH)

Five logistics vessels[clarify] service the rapid delivery requirements of the U.S. Air Force, U.S. Navy and Defense Logistics Agency. There are two Air Force container ships for munitions, missiles and spare parts; a 500-bed hospital ship, and three floating storage and offloading units assigned to Military Sealift Command supporting the Defense Logistics Agency, including an offshore petroleum discharge system (OPDS) tanker ship. Seal of the Air Force. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... The Defense Logistics Agency headquarters building at Fort Belvoir The Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) is the largest agency in the United States Department of Defense, with about 22,000 civilian and military personnel throughout the world. ... Container ship in Istanbul Container ships are cargo ships that carry all of their load in truck-size containers, in a technique called containerization. ... USNS Comfort takes on supplies at Mayport, FL enroute to Gulf Coast. ... A Floating Storage and Offloading unit (FSO) is, as its name suggests, a floating storage device, usually for oil. ... The Military Sealift Command (MSC) is a United States Navy (USN) organization that controls most of the replenishment and military transport ships of the Navy. ... The Defense Logistics Agency headquarters building at Fort Belvoir The Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) is the largest agency in the United States Department of Defense, with about 22,000 civilian and military personnel throughout the world. ...

  • MV Buffalo Soldier, container
  • MV Fisher container
  • MV Green Ridge, hospital
  • USNS Henry J. Kaiser, tanker
  • SS Potomac, OPDS tanker

MV Buffalo Soldier (T-AK) is a United States Navy Military Sealift Command Maritime Prepositioning ship. ...

GPS

Diego Garcia is one of the five control bases for the Global Positioning System, operated by the US military. The US Air Force also has monitoring stations in Hawaii, Kwajalein, Ascension Island, and Colorado Springs, Colorado. The stations synchronise and update the atomic clocks on the 24 orbiting satellites that emit the signals used by GPS receivers. GPS redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Kwajalein Atoll - NASA NLT Landsat 7 (Visible Color) Satellite Image Kwajalein Atoll (Marshallese: Kuwajleen ; common English pronunciation , often nicknamed Kwaj by English-speaking residents of the U.S. facilities) is part of the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI). ... Anthem: God Save the Queen Capital Georgetown Largest city Georgetown Official languages English Government Dependency of St. ... Colorado Springs is a middle-sized city, located just east of the geographic center of the state of Colorado in the United States. ... Official language(s) English Demonym Coloradan Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th in the US  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ...


Space Shuttle

The island is one of 33 emergency landing sites worldwide for the United States Space Shuttle.[26] None of these facilities has been used for a Shuttle landing. This article is about the space vehicle. ...


Cargo service

MV Baffin Strait transits between Singapore and Diego Garcia once a month.
MV Baffin Strait transits between Singapore and Diego Garcia once a month.
Further information: MV Baffin Strait (T-AK W9519)

Since 2004 the MV Baffin Strait, often referred to as the "DGAR shuttle," has been chartered to deliver 250 containers each month from Singapore to Diego Garcia.[27] The ship carries everything from fresh food to building supplies to aircraft parts, delivering more than 200,000 tons of cargo to the island each year."[27] On the return trip to Singapore she carries recyclable metals.[28]


In 2004 TransAtlantic Lines outbid Sealift Incorporated for the transport contract between Singapore and Diego Garcia.[29] The route had previously been serviced by Sealift Inc.'s MV Sagamore, manned by members of American Maritime Officers and Seafarers' International Union.[29] TransAtlantic Lines reportedly won the contract by approximately 10 percent, representing a price difference of about US$2.7 million.[29] American Maritime Officers (AMO) is a labor union representing licensed officers in the United States Merchant Marine. ... The Seafarers International Union (SIU) is an organization of 12 autonomous labor unions of mariners, fishermen and boatmen working aboard U.S. flag vessels. ...


The Baffin Strait's current charter runs from January 10, 2005 to September 30, 2008 at a daily rate of US$12,550 under contract number N00033-05-C-5500.[30] is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...


Wildlife

The island is a haven for several types of crab; hermit crabs overrun the jungle at night. The extremely large 4 kg coconut crab, or "robber crab" is found here. There is a large number of red crabs everywhere in the island though it is not known to which species they belong. They can be seen everywhere (tents, showers, laundry rooms, runway, etc.) The island hosts birds from many different regions, including Indian Barred Ground Dove (Geopelia striata), Turtle Dove (Streptopelia picturata), Indian Mynah (Acridotheres tristis), Madagascar Fody (Foudia madagascariensis), and imported chickens (Gallus gallus).[31] For other uses, see Crab (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1767 Coconut crab distribution The coconut crab (Birgus latro) is the largest terrestrial arthropod in the world. ... For other uses, see Species (disambiguation). ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1766) The Zebra Dove Geopelia striata, also known as Barred Ground Dove, is a bird of the dove family Columbidae, native to South-east Asia. ... Binomial name Streptopelia turtur (Linnaeus, 1758) The Turtle Dove (Streptopelia turtur) is a member of the bird family Columbidae, which includes the doves and pigeons. ... Binomial name Acridotheres tristis (Linnaeus, 1766) The Common Myna, Acridotheres tristis, is a myna, a member of the starling family. ... Binomial name Acridotheres tristis (Linnaeus, 1766) The Common Myna, Acridotheres tristis, is a myna, a member of the starling family. ... Binomial name Gallus gallus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus), a tropical member of the Pheasant family, is the direct ancestor of the domestic chicken. ...


All the flora and fauna are protected, and it is even unlawful to be in possession of a dead coconut crab. Hefty fines are levied against violators.


Diego Garcia was designatede a Ramsar Site on July 04, 2001(354km2). The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands, i. ...


See also

The Diego Garcia depopulation controversy pertains to the evacuation of the indigenous inhabitants of the island of Diego Garcia during the 1960s and 70s. ... RAF Gan was a Royal Air Force station on Gan Island, a southerly island of the Maldive Islands, in the middle of the Indian Ocean. ... James Horsburgh (September 28, 1762—May 14, 1836) was a Scottish hydrographer. ... Robert Moresby was a distinguished captain of the British Royal Navy. ... Stealing A Nation is a documentary by journalist filmmaker John Pilger about the Chagos Islanders of Diego Garcia, who were forcibly removed from the island by the British government between 1967 and 1973 to Mauritius, 1,000 miles away, so that the island could be used as an American airbase. ...

References

  1. ^ "Diego Garcia Navy base reports no damage from quake, tsunamis". Leo Shane III, Stars and Stripes. 28 December 2004. URL accessed 1 June 2006.
  2. ^ a b Sheppard, Charles (April 2005). "The Tsunami, Shore Erosion and Corals in the Chagos Islands". Chagos News 25: 2-7. Chagos Conservation Trust. ISSN 1355-6746. Retrieved on 2008-02-21. 
  3. ^ "Westminster Hall Debates for 7 July 2004" . Hansard House of Commons Daily Debates vol. 423 (part 615). Retrieved on 2008-02-21. 
  4. ^ "Emotional return for Chagossians". BBC News. 14 April 2006. URL accessed 1 June 2006.
  5. ^ "Out of Eden". John Pilger, The Guardian. 29 May 2006. URL accessed 1 June 2006
  6. ^ "Maritime Prepositioning Ship Squadron Two", URL Accessed 1 February 2007
  7. ^ Chalmers Johnson, The Sorrows of Empire: Militarism, secrecy and the end of the republic (London: Verso, 2004) 221-2.
  8. ^ United State Strategic Command: "Re-entry Assessment and Space Surveillance". U.S. Strategic Command. March 2004. URL accessed 1 June 2006
  9. ^ "Space Shuttle Emergency Landing Sites". GlobalSecurity.org. URL accessed 1 June 2006.
  10. ^ Chalmers Johnson, The Sorrows of Empire: Militarism, secrecy and the end of the republic (London: Verso, 2004) 221.
  11. ^ Developments in the British Indian Ocean Territory. UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office (15 June 2004). Retrieved on 2008-02-21.
  12. ^ "Exiles protest in Downing Street". BBC News. 3 November 2004. URL accessed 1 June 2006
  13. ^ Neil Tweedie. "Britain shamed as exiles of the Chagos Islands win the right to go home", The Daily Telegraph, 12 May 2006. Retrieved on 2008-02-21. 
  14. ^ "Chagos families win legal battle", BBC News, 23 May 2007. Retrieved on 2008-02-21. 
  15. ^ Secretary of State for the Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs and The Queen on the Application Of Bancoult [2007] EWCA 498 (Civ) (2007-05-03)
  16. ^ Dick Marty, Switzerland, ALDE (7 June 2007). "Secret detentions and illegal transfers of detainees involving Council of Europe member states: second report" (.PDF). Section 70; page 13. Committee on Legal Affairs and Human Rights. Retrieved on 2008-02-21.
  17. ^ "Written Answers to Questions 21 Jun 2004" . Hansard House of Commons Daily Debates vol. 422 (part 605). UK Parliament. Retrieved on 2008-02-21. 
  18. ^ a b Ian Cobain; Richard Norton-Taylor. "Claims of secret CIA jail for terror suspects on British island to be investigated", The Guardian, 19 October 2007. Retrieved on 2007-10-21. 
  19. ^ Staff writers. "UK apology over rendition flights", BBC News, 21 February 2008. Retrieved on 2008-02-21. 
  20. ^ James Robbins. "Miliband's apology over 'rendition'", BBC News, 21 February 2008. Retrieved on 2008-02-21. 
  21. ^ "Westminster Hall Debates for 7 July 2004" . Hansard House of Commons Daily Debates vol. 423 (part 615). Retrieved on 2008-02-21. 
  22. ^ Jamie Doward. "British island 'used by US for rendition'", The Observer, 2 March 2008. Retrieved on 2008-03-27. 
  23. ^ Duncan Campbell. "British campaigners arrested at sea in Diego Garcia protest", The Guardian, 12 March 2008. Retrieved on 2008-03-27. 
  24. ^ Patrick Martin. "Bush's response to South Asia disaster: indifference compounded by political incompetence", World Socialist, 30 December 2004. Retrieved on 2008-03-27. 
  25. ^ Yechury, Sitaram (1 July 2001). "Access to Indian Military Bases: Making India an Appendage to US". People's Democracy XXV (26). The Communist Party of India (Marxist) url=http://pd.cpim.org/2001/july01/july012k1_indo_us.htm. Retrieved on 2008-03-27. 
  26. ^ John Pike (27 April 2004). Space Shuttle Landing Sites. GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved on 2008-02-20.
  27. ^ a b Change at the helm for MSC's Diego Garcia office
  28. ^ Commander, Navy Installations Command (CNIC) (2007). 2006 Pollution Provention and Solid Waste Success Stories. U.S. Department of the Navy. Retrieved on 2008-03-18.
  29. ^ Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named sag
  30. ^ MSC Procurement Spreadsheet
  31. ^ Ted Morris (04 April 2007). Herons and Land Birds of Diego Garcia. PROPEOPDEMREPDG. Retrieved on 2008-02-21.

ISSN, or International Standard Serial Number, is the unique eight-digit number applied to a periodical publication including electronic serials. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • The UK Chagos Support Association : The story so far
  • Chagos Islands Indigenous Population Internet Site
  • Diego Garcia Online: Information for locals of Diego Garcia.
  • Official site of the United States Navy Support Facility, Diego Garcia.
  • Official site of the UK PJHQ Overseas Bases, Diego Garcia.
  • Diego Garcia timeline posted at the History Commons
  • Diego Garcia "Camp Justice", GlobalSecurity.org
  • US/UK BIOT defence agreements, 1966-1982, U.S. Court filing
  • Where in the World Is Diego Garcia?, Infoplease.com
  • Simon Winchester on Diego Garcia, in Granta Magazine
  • Diego Garcia: Paradise Cleansed, by John Pilger
  • The Jewel in the Pentagon's Crown, by Gisle Tangenes, BitsofNews.com
  • Atoll Research Bulletin 149: Geography and Ecology of Diego Garcia Atoll
  • Stealing a Nation - A Special Report by John Pilger on Google Video; on YouTube.com
  • A Return from Exile in Sight? The Chagossians and their Struggle, from the Northwestern Journal of International Human Rights
  • Alex Doherty 'Diego Garcia', in ZNet
  • Curtis, Mark Web of Deceit: Britain's Real Role in the World. London:Vintage, 2003.
  • BBC News Exiles lose appeal over benefits 02/11/07
  • The Island is a jazz opera commisioned and broadcast in the 60's on radio themed on events in Garcia Diego written by William Russo, words Adrian Mitchell performed by the Russo Orchestra sung by Cleo Lane and Denis Quilley

Coordinates: 7°18′S, 72°24′E Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Portion of a Pacific atoll showing two islets on the ribbon or barrier reef separated by a deep pass between the ocean and the lagoon. ... // The Chagos Archipelago. ... The Egmont Islands (Six Iles) are one of the six coral atolls that make up the Chagos Archipelago. ... Peros Banhos is a group of thirty-five main islands in the Chagos Archipelago of the British Indian Ocean Territory, forming a circular coral reef. ... The Salomon Islands, an atoll of the British Indian Ocean Territory, are located in the Northeast of the Chagos Archipelago. ... The Great Chagos Bank, in the Chagos Archipelago, about 500 km South of the Maldives, is the largest atoll structure in the world, with a total area of roughly 13 000 km2. ... Blenheim Reef is a steep-to, largely submerged coral atoll in the northeastern part of the Chagos Archipelago, at 5°12S, 072°28E. It measures almost eleven kilometres (North–South) by more than four kilometres (East–West), with a total area of almost 30 square kilometres, including the... Speakers Bank is an Atoll in the Chagos Archipelago, it includes several tiny islets but only one main island that may have been inhabited earlier this century. ... Colvocoresses Reef is a wholly submerged atoll structure in the Northeast of the Chagos Archipelago, 19 km East of Speakers Bank and 30 km Northeast of Blenheim Reef. ... Benares Shoals are a group of islets and cays that make up a submerged atoll in the Chagos Archipelago. ... Victory Bank is an atoll structure in the Chagos Archipelago that is mostly submerged, except for the odd islet or cay. ... Cauvin Bank is a wholly submerged atoll structure in the Southern Part Chagos Archipelago at 06°46S, 0172°22E, just about 7 km South of the Southeastern corner of the rim of the Great Chagos Bank. ... Pitt Bank is an atoll structure with a few remaining cays in the Chagos Archipelago. ... Ganges Bank is part of the Chagos Archipelago, located southwest of Diego Garcia. ... Wight Bank is an atoll in the southern part of the Chagos Archipelago. ... Centurion Bank is a lergely submerged atoll structure in the Southwest of the Chagos Archipelago. ... Owen Bank is a wholly submerged atoll structure in the Chagos Archipelago. ... USAF Roundel, public domain image from af. ... For the film of the same name, see Strategic Air Command (film) The Strategic Air Command (SAC) was the operational establishment of the United States Air Force in charge of Americas bomber-based and ballistic missile-based strategic nuclear arsenal from 1946 to 1992. ... Bases of the Strategic Air Command. ... 97th Air Mobilty Wing Shield Altus Air Force Base is a military airbase in Oklahoma operated by the United States Air Force. ... Emblem of the AFDW Andrews Air Force Base (ICAO code KADW) is a United States Air Force base near Washington, DC and the home base of the U.S. presidential aircraft, Air Force One. ... Barksdale Air Force Base is a United States military base near Bossier City, Louisiana. ... Beale Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base near Marysville, California, that was established in 1943. ... Bolling Air Force Base, in Southwest Washington, DC, is named for Col. ... Cannon Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base in Curry County, New Mexico. ... Columbus AFB is a United States Air Force base located in Lowndes County, Mississippi, treated for statistical purposes by the United States Census Bureau as a census-designated place. ... , Davis-Monthan Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base in Tucson, Pima County, Arizona. ... Dyess Air Force Base is located in Texas, on the western outskirts of the city of Abilene. ... Ellsworth Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base near Rapid City, South Dakota and is home to the B-1B Lancer. ... Eglin Air Force Base is the home of the United States Air Force 96th Air Base Wing of the Air Force Materiel Command, and is also headquarters for more than 45 associate units. ... Eielson Air Force Base (IATA: EIL, ICAO: PAEI) is located in Fairbanks North Star Borough, Alaska. ... Francis E. Warren Air Force Base (IATA: FEW, ICAO: KFEW) is a base of the United States Air Force. ... Fairchild AFB is a United States Air Force base in Spokane County, Washington, United States. ... Grand Forks Air Force Base (Grand Forks AFB) is a base of the United States Air Force located in Grand Forks County, North Dakota. ... A mounted F-86 Sabre serves as the centerpiece of Hanscom AFB Hanscom Air Force Base, initially and briefly designated Bedford Army Air Base, is a United States Air Force facility in Bedford, Massachusetts. ... Little Rock Air Force Base is an United States Air Force facility located in Little Rock, Arkansas. ... Aerial Photo of MacDill Air Force Base, Florida - March 1987 MacDill Air Force Base Emblem showing a KC-135 Stratotanker of the 6th Air Mobility Wing with the Tampa Skyline and Gasparilla ship in the background. ... Malmstrom AFB is a United States Air Force base and census-designated place located in Cascade County, Montana, USA. It is the home of the 341st Space WIng. ... McConnell Air Force Base (IATA: IAB, ICAO: KIAB) is a United States Air Force base located in Wichita, Kansas. ... McGuire Air Force Base is a United States Air Force Base under the operational control of the Air Mobility Command (AMC). ... Minot Air Force Base (Minot AFB) is a base of the United States Air Force located in Ward County, North Dakota, 15 km (8 mi) north of Minot. ... Mountain Home Air Force Base (Mountain Home AFB) is a U.S. Air Force base located west of Mountain Home, Idaho in Elmore County, and fifty miles (80 km) southeast of Boise. ... Map showing the locations of Nellis AFB and the NTTR Nellis Air Force Base (IATA: LSV, ICAO: KLSV) is a United States Air Force base, in Clark County, Nevada, on the northeast side of Las Vegas. ... Offutt Air Force Base (Offutt AFB) is a base of the United States Air Force and a census-designated place (CDP) in Sarpy County, Nebraska, United States. ... Patrick Air Force Base is a United States Air Force Base located near Cocoa Beach, Florida, USA. Patrick Air Force Base is home to the 45th Space Wing. ... Robins Air Force Base (Robins AFB) is a base of the United States Air Force located in Houston County, Georgia. ... F-15Es preparing to taxi at Seymour Johnson Air Force Base. ... Sheppard Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base in Wichita Falls, Texas. ... Travis Air Force Base (IATA: SUU, ICAO: KSUU) is a United States Air Force air base in the San Francisco Bay Area of California. ... Boeing Delta 4 Medium+ (4,2) lifts off from Space Launch Complex Six (SLC-6) at Vandenberg AFB, California (Official photo by Thom Baur for the Boeing Company) Vandenberg Air Force Base (IATA: VBG, ICAO: KVBG) is a United States military installation with a spaceport, in Santa Barbara County, California... Location of Whiteman AFB, Missouri. ... Wright-Patterson Air Force Base is a U.S. Air Force base in Greene and Montgomery counties, adjacent to Riverside, Fairborn, Beavercreek, and Dayton, Ohio. ... RAF Alconbury is a USAF installation near Alconbury and Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire in the UK. It is home to a small support squadron. ... A B-1B at Andersen This B-2 Spirit was photographed in 2004 at Andersen Andersen Air Force Base is a base of the United States Air Force on the island of Guam in the Pacific Ocean. ... Kadena redirects here. ... RAF Fairford is a Royal Air Force station in Gloucestershire, England, near to Fairford. ... McDonnell Douglas F-15C-42-MC Eagle Serial 86-0175 taxis for takeoff RAF Lakenheath (IATA: LKZ, ICAO: EGUL) is a NATO airfield located near Lakenheath in Suffolk, England. ... Tail of a 100ARW Boeing KC-135A-BN Stratotanker, Serial 58-0100, displaying the crest of RAF Mildenhall and the historic SquareD badge as used by the unit during the second world war RAF Mildenhall (IATA: MHZ, ICAO: EGUN) is a Royal Air Force station located at Mildenhall in Suffolk... Thule Air Base, (or Thule Air Base/Pituffik Airport) (IATA: THU, ICAO: BGTL), an unincorporated enclave within Qaanaaq municipality, Greenland, is the United States Air Forces northernmost base (), located 695 miles (1118 km) north of the Arctic Circle and 947 miles (1524 km) south of the North Pole on... Amarillo Air Force Base, originally Amarillo Army Air Field is located in Potter County, Texas, approximately 6 miles East of downtown Amarillo within the easternmost city limits. ... Bergstrom AFB, Texas - 1962 Bergstrom Air Force Base (1942-1993) was located seven miles southeast of Austin, Texas. ... Biggs Army Airfield (IATA: BIF, ICAO: KBIF), also known as Biggs AAF, is a military airport located at Fort Bliss in El Paso, Texas, USA. External links Biggs Army Airfield (official site) Biggs Army Airfield (GlobalSecurity. ... Carswell Air Force Base is located in Tarrant County, Texas. ... Castle Air Force Base (CAFB) comprises 2,777 acres and is located in Atwater, California. ... Chennault International Airport (IATA: CWF, ICAO: KCWF) is a public airport located 4 miles (6 km) east of the city of Lake Charles, in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana, USA. It was previously Chennault Air Force Base and before that, Lake Charles Air Force Base, and as such, was home to the... Bangor International Airport (IATA: BGR, ICAO: KBGR) is a public airport located 3 miles (5 km) west in the city of Bangor, in Penobscot County, Maine, United States. ... Blytheville Air Force Base, now the site of the Arkansas Aeroplex and Arkansas International Airport, has had a long and important history. ... Forbes Air Force Base is a long-time Strategic Air Command base located five miles south of Topeka, Kansas; much now transferred to the Metropolitan Topeka Airport Authority. ... Central Nebraska Regional Airport (IATA: GRI, ICAO: KGRI) is a public airport located three miles (5 km) northeast of the central business district (CBD) of Grand Island, a city in Hall County, Nebraska, USA. The airport covers 2,435 acres and has two runways. ... , For the airport in the United Kingdom, see Manchester Airport. ... Grissom Air Reserve Base (IATA: GUS, ICAO: KGUS), formerly known as Grissom Air Force Base, is located in North-Central Indiana, about sixty miles north of Indianapolis. ... Homestead Air Reserve Base (Formerly Homestead Air Force Base), is an United States Air Force base located 22 miles SSW of Miami, Florida (25 29 31. ... Hunter Army Airfield (IATA: SVN, ICAO: KSVN), along with Fort Stewart, is a military complex located near Savannah, Georgia, United States. ... K. I. Sawyer Air Force Base is a decommissioned United States Air Force base located in Marquette County, Michigan. ... Kincheloe is an unincorporated community in Chippewa County on the Upper Peninsula of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Grant County International Airport (IATA: MWH, ICAO: KMWH, FAA LID: MWH) is a public airport located five miles (8 km) northwest of the central business district (CBD) of Moses Lake, in Grant County, Washington, USA. This airport should not be confused with Grant County Airport located in Silver City, New... The former Lincoln Air Force Base was a Strategic Air Command bomber and missile base located near Lincoln, Nebraska, USA. It activated on 1 February 1954 and closed on 25 June 1966. ... Loring AFB is a former United States Air Force base located in Aroostook County, Maine, treated for statistical purposes by the United States Census Bureau as a census-designated place. ... Lowry Air Force Base, located in the cities of Aurora and Denver, Colorado until deactivated in 1994, was the site of a United States Air Force training base that was heavily involved with the training of United States Army Air Force bomber crews during WWII. It was permanently closed in... March Air Reserve Base is a base of the U.S. Air Force Reserve located in Riverside County, California, between the cities of Riverside and Moreno Valley. ... Mather Air Force Base was a base of the United States Air Force located in Rancho Cordova, California. ... McCoy Air Force Base is a former United States Air Force base near Orlando, Florida. ... Pease Air Force Base was a Strategic Air Command base used during the Cold War. ... KC-135 Fuselage Departs Plattsburgh AFB Plattsburgh AFB is a now-defunct United States Air Force base covering 3,447 acres (13. ... Ramey AFB 13 October 1993 Ramey Air Force Base is a former United States Air Force Strategic Air Command bomber base in Aguadilla, Puerto Rico. ... Rickenbacker International Airport (airport code: LCK) is located in Columbus, Ohio. ... Salina Municipal Airport (IATA: SLN, ICAO: KSLN) is a public airport located just southwest of Salina, Kansas. ... Selfridge Field is a joint Air Force Reserve and Air National Guard training facility in Harrison Township, Michigan, near Mount Clemens. ... Turner AFB, 3 January 1964 Turner Air Force Base is a former United States Air Force base near Albany, Georgia. ... ß Walker Air Force Base, New Mexico Walker Air Force Base, also known as Roswell Army Air Field, is a former United States Air Force Base, located 8 miles south of Roswell, New Mexico. ... Westover Air Reserve Base/Metropolitan Airport (IATA: CEF, ICAO: KCEF) is a joint use military and general aviation airport located in Chicopee, Massachusetts, near the city of Springfield. ... Oscoda-Wurtsmith Airport (IATA: OSC, ICAO: KOSC) is a large civil aviation airport located in Iosco County, Michigan near the unincorporated community of Oscoda. ... Royal Air Force Ensign RAF Bassingbourn is a former military airbase located in Cambridgeshire approximately three miles north of Royston, Hertfordshire and 11 miles southwest of Cambridge. ... Ben Guerir Air Base was a United States Air Force base in Morocco, later operated by the Royal Moroccan Air Force, located about 36 miles north of Marrakech. ... RAF Brize Norton is a Royal Air Force station in Oxfordshire about 50 miles west of London, England, United Kingdom. ... The Bruntingthorpe Aerodrome and Proving Ground is a privately-owned airport in Leicestershire near the village of Bruntingthorpe. ... RAF Burtonwood is the name of the Royal Air Force station that used to be situated just North-West of Warrington, Cheshire. ... RAF Chelveston was a military base located near the village of Chelveston in Northamptonshire, United Kingdom. ... Greenham Common in 2005. ... Canadian Forces Base (CFB) Goose Bay, also referred to as 5 Wing Goose Bay or Goose Bay Airport, (IATA: YYR, ICAO: CYYR) is an air force base in eastern Canada, located in the town of Happy Valley-Goose Bay, Labrador. ... Ernest Harmon AFB is a former United States Air Force base located in Stephenville, Newfoundland and Labrador. ... RAF High Wycombe is a Royal Air Force station, outside High Wycombe in Buckinghamshire. ... RAF Upper Heyford was a Royal Air Force station located north-west of Bicester near the village of Upper Heyford, Oxfordshire, England. ... Madrid-Torrejón Airport (IATA: TOJ, ICAO: LETO) is a commercial airport in Spain. ... RAF Manston was a Royal Air Force station, now known as Kent International Airport. ... Morón Air Base is located at 37°10′N 5°36′W in southern Spain, approximately 35 miles southeast of the city of Sevilla and 75 miles northeast of Rota Naval Station. ... Nouasseur Air Base (IATA: EVX, ICAO: LFOE) near Casablanca, French Morocco is a former United States Air Force Strategic Air Command (SAC) base. ... RAF Scampton is a Royal Air Force station situated north of Lincoln in England. ... RAF Sculthorpe is a helicopter training facility for the United Kingdoms Royal Air Force, located near Fakenham. ... Waddington-based Hawker-Siddeley (now BAE Systems) Nimrod R.1 RAF Waddington is a Royal Air Force station in Lincolnshire England. ... RAF Woodbridge is a former Royal Air Force station situated to the east of Woodbridge in the county of Suffolk, England. ... RAF Wyton is a Royal Air Force station near St. ... Zaragoza Airport (IATA: ZAZ, ICAO: LEZG) is an airport near Zaragoza, Spain. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (618x618, 82 KB) Description Shield of Strategic Air Command of the United States Air Force Source: http://www. ... This is a list of Numbered Air Forces (NAF) of the United States Air Force Historically, a NAF is a level of command below a MAJCOM (Major Command), and above one or more Wings or independent Groups. ... The Second Air Force was formed in the United States to provide air defense and train personnel of newly formed units in World War II. The Second was briefly a part of Air Defense Command after the war. ... The Eighth Air Force is a numbered air force (NAF) of the major command (MAJCOM) of Air Combat Command of the United States Air Force and it is headquartered at Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana. ... Activated on November 1, 1943, the Fifteenth Air Force was established as part of the U.S. Army Air Force in the World War II Mediterranean Theater of Operations as a strategic air force and commenced combat operations the day after it was formed. ... Sixteenth Air Force is the Warfighting Headquarters for United States Air Forces in Europe (USAFE) . It is headquartered at Ramstein AB, Germany. ... Twentieth Air Force is a Numbered Air Force in Air Force Space Command (AFSPC). ... Redirected from:Strategic Air Command The Air Force official policy dictated the use of Araic numerals for numbered air and aerospace divisions. ... Activated 30 August 1943, the 1st Strategic Aerospace Division (1 SAD) supervised and directed heavy bombardment serving in this role until 31 October 1945. ... // The division entered combat in September 1943, performing strategic bombardment against Axis targets in the European theater of operations. ... // The 4th moved to England in 1943 and began bombing operations against German occupied Europe. ... Although the 5th Air Division (5 AD) was operational only for a brief time (late 1940-early 1958), it accomplished much as a unit. ... // This US organization briefly existed as the 6th Pursuit Wing between December 1940 and December 1941. ... The 7th Air Division (7 AD) served the United States Air Force with distinction from early 1944 through early 1992, earning an outstanding unit decoration and a service streamer along the way. ... Redirected from:Strategic Air Command The Air Force official policy dictated the use of Araic numerals for numbered air and aerospace divisions. ... Redirected from:Strategic Air Command The Air Force official policy dictated the use of Araic numerals for numbered air and aerospace divisions. ... // From 1 April 1931–25 October 1941, the 19th Wing defended the Panama Canal, participated in maneuvers, flew patrol missions, made good will flights to Central American and South American countries, and flew mercy missions in South America. ... Redirected from:Strategic Air Command The Air Force official policy dictated the use of Araic numerals for numbered air and aerospace divisions. ... // The 40th Bomb Wing was established on January 15, 1943 and officially activated on January 21, 1943. ... Redirected from:Strategic Air Command The Air Force official policy dictated the use of Araic numerals for numbered air and aerospace divisions. ... Redirected from:Strategic Air Command The Air Force official policy dictated the use of Araic numerals for numbered air and aerospace divisions. ... Redirected from:Strategic Air Command The Air Force official policy dictated the use of Araic numerals for numbered air and aerospace divisions. ... Redirected from:Strategic Air Command The Air Force official policy dictated the use of Araic numerals for numbered air and aerospace divisions. ... Redirected from:Strategic Air Command The Air Force official policy dictated the use of Araic numerals for numbered air and aerospace divisions. ... Redirected from:Strategic Air Command The Air Force official policy dictated the use of Araic numerals for numbered air and aerospace divisions. ... Redirected from:Strategic Air Command The Air Force official policy dictated the use of Araic numerals for numbered air and aerospace divisions. ... Redirected from:Strategic Air Command The Air Force official policy dictated the use of Araic numerals for numbered air and aerospace divisions. ... Redirected from:Strategic Air Command The Air Force official policy dictated the use of Araic numerals for numbered air and aerospace divisions. ... Redirected from:Strategic Air Command The Air Force official policy dictated the use of Araic numerals for numbered air and aerospace divisions. ... Redirected from:Strategic Air Command The Air Force official policy dictated the use of Araic numerals for numbered air and aerospace divisions. ... Redirected from:Strategic Air Command The Air Force official policy dictated the use of Araic numerals for numbered air and aerospace divisions. ... Redirected from:Strategic Air Command The Air Force official policy dictated the use of Araic numerals for numbered air and aerospace divisions. ... Redirected from:Strategic Air Command The Air Force official policy dictated the use of Araic numerals for numbered air and aerospace divisions. ... Redirected from:Strategic Air Command The Air Force official policy dictated the use of Araic numerals for numbered air and aerospace divisions. ... Redirected from:Strategic Air Command The Air Force official policy dictated the use of Araic numerals for numbered air and aerospace divisions. ... Redirected from:Strategic Air Command The Air Force official policy dictated the use of Araic numerals for numbered air and aerospace divisions. ... Wings of the Strategic Air Command. ... Main article Strategic Air Command // Established on: 15 October 1947. ... The 2d Bomb Wing (2 BW) is a B-52 Stratofortress unit based at Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana. ... Crest of the 5th Bomb Wing In the United States Air Force, the 5th Bomb Wing (5BW) is a B-52 Stratofortress unit based at Minot Air Force Base, North Dakota. ... // Conducted strategic bombardment training from activation in 1951 until 1 September 1959, with air refueling as additional mission in 1951-1952, and again from Apr 1958 until Jan 1967. ... The 7th Bomb Wing (7 BW) is the premier operational B-1B Lancer unit in the United States Air Force, based at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas. ... The 9th Reconnaissance Wing (9 RW) is a wing of the United States Air Force. ... The United States Air Forces 11th Wing is the host wing for Bolling Air Force Base, Washington, D.C.. The Air Force District of Washington is headquartered there and the 11th Wing is the single manager for all Air Force activities supporting Headquarters Air Force. ... The 17th Training Wing headquartered at Goodfellow Air Force Base, San Angelo, Texas is a wing in AETCs Second Air Force. ... 19th Air Refueling Wing emblem The 19th Bomb Wing was a flying wing of the United States Air Force from the early 1950s to 1983, when it became the 19th Air Refueling Wing. ... // Air Mobility Command (???- Air Combat Command (???- Strategic Air Command (???- McConnell AFB, Kansas (DATE UNKNOWN-Present) KC-135 (DATE UNKNOWN-DATE UNKNOWN) Joes USAF Blue Book Categories: | | ... The 28th Bomb Wing (28 BW) is the United States Air Force home of the B-1B Lancer, based at Ellsworth Air Force Base, South Dakota. ... The 39th Air Base Wing of the USAF is positioned in Adana, a south east city of Turkey. ... The United States Air Forces 42d Air Base Wing is an administrative support unit for Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama. ... The 43d Airlift Wing is the host unit at Pope AFB, North Carolina. ... The 44th Strategic Missile Wing (SMW) was housed at Ellsworth AFB from January 1962 to April 1991, and operated several different classes of intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBM) over the years, including Titan Missile I, Minuteman I and Minuteman II. Its roots went back to the 44th Bombardment Group of MacDill... The Fightin’ Fifty-Fifth has made significant contributions to the defense of our great nation for more than 50 years. ... The 70th Intelligence Wing, Fort Meade, Maryland, is the only wing in the United States Air Force that supports the National Security Agency, Air Intelligence Agency, and Eighth Air Force with Cryptologic Intelligence. ... // Lineage Established as 72d Observation Group on 21 Aug 1941. ... The 90th Space Wing is a unit of the United States Air Force which is responsible for operating intercontinental ballistic missiles as part of the nuclear deterrant force of the United States. ... Crest of the 91st Space Wing In the United States Air Force, the 91st Space Wing (91 SW) is a Minuteman III unit based at Minot Air Force Base, North Dakota. ... The 92d Air Refueling Wing (92 ARW) is a United States Air Force unit located at Fairchild Air Force Base near Spokane, Washington. ... The 95th Air Base Wing (95 ABW) is a wing of the United States Air Force based out of Edwards Air Force Base, California. ... The United States Air Forces 96th Air Base Wing is an unit located at Eglin AFB, Florida. ... WWII Emblem of the 97th Bombardment Group The 97th Bombardment Wing, Very Heavy, was organized on 1 December 1947 at Mile 26 Air Field, later named Eielson Air Force Base (AFB), Alaska, but its heritage comes from the 97th Bombardment Group which flew B-17s in Europe during WWII. The... The 98th Wing (98 RANW) is a wing of the United States Air Force based out of Nellis Air Force Base, Los Vegas, Nevada. ... The 99th Air Base Wing is today the host unit at Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada, having for a long time served at Ellsworth Air Force Base, SD, as part of Strategic Air Command. ... The 319th Airlift Wing (319 ARW) is a wing of the United States Air Force based out of Grand Forks Air Force Base, North Dakota. ... The 376th Air Expeditionary Wing (376 AEW) is a wing of the United States Air Force located at Manas Air Base, Kyrgyzstan. ... Airmen from the honor guard and the 379th Expeditionary Medical Group perform a retreat ceremony The 379th Air Expeditionary Wing (379 AEW) is a wing of the United States Air Force. ... Emblem of the 380 AEW The 380th Air Expeditionary Wing (380 AEW) is a United States Air Force wing located at Al Dhafra Air Base, United Arab Emirates. ... The United States Air Forces 410th Air Expeditionary Wing is an Air Expeditionary unit located at a classified location (assumed to be in the Middle East). ... The 509th Bomb Wing (509 BW) operates and maintains the United States Air Forces premier weapon system, the B-2 Bomber, and is based at Whiteman Air Force Base, Missouri. ... // Assigned from: Fourth Air Force on 1 May 1949. ... The 1st Fighter Wing (1 FW) is an air combat unit of the United States Air Force and the host unit at Langley Air Force Base, Virginia. ... The 4th Fighter Wing is a F-15E Strike Eagle unit based at Seymour Johnson Air Force Base , North Carolina. ... The 12th Flying Training Wing (12 FTW) is a wing of the United States Air Force based out of Randolph Air Force Base in San Antonio, Texas. ... The 31st Fighter Wing (31 FW) is a wing of the United States Air Force based out of Aviano Air Base in Italy. ... The 33rd Fighter Wing (33 FW) is a wing of the United States Air Force based out of Eglin Air Force Base in Florida. ... The United States Air Force 56th Fighter Wing (56 FW) is the host wing for Luke Air Force Base, Arizona. ... The 71st Flying Training Wing (71 FTW) is a wing of the United States Air Force based out of Vance Air Force Base in Enid, Oklahoma. ... The 82d Training Wing (82 TRW) is a wing of the United States Air Force based out of Sheppard Air Force Base in Wichita Falls, Texas. ... The United States Air Forces 308th Armament Systems Wing is an unit located at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida. ... // Air Combat Command/U.S. Central Command (2001-Present) Air Force Space Command (1993-1995) Air Combat Command (1992-1993) Strategic Air Command (1953-1961; 1964-1992) 321st Air Expeditionary Wing (2001-Present) 321st Missile Group (1995-2001) 321st Missile Wing (1991-1995) 321st Strategic Missile Wing (1964-1991) 321st... The United States Air Forces 341st Space Wing is an intercontinental ballistic missile unit located at Malmstrom AFB, Montana. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... The 455th Air Expeditionary Wing (455 AEW) is an air expeditionary wing of the United States Air Force located at Bagram Air Base in Afghanistan. ... The United States Air Forces Strategic Air Command began to be assigned air refuelling wings soon after it was activated in the 1950s. ... The 100th Air Refueling Wing is USAFE’s only KC-135 air refueling wing comprised of 15 permanently assigned aircraft, and is responsible for U.S. aerial refueling operations conducted throughout the European theater. ... The 305th Air Mobility Wing (AMW) is the host unit at McGuire Air Force Base in central New Jersey. ... The United States Air Forces 384th Air Expeditionary Wing is an Air Expeditionary unit located at Shaikh Isa Air Base, Bahrain. ... Host unit at March ARB, CA; Moreno Valley, CA. Current Commander: Brigadier General James T. Rubeor Oganization Chart: 452d Air Mobility Wing- Brigadier General James T. Rubeor Wing Safety Wing Education and Training Comptroller 452d Operations Group 336th Air Refueling Squadron 729th Airlift Squadron 452d Aeromedical Evacuation Squadron 452d Operations... The United States Air Forces 497th Air Refueling Wing was a unit located at Plattsburgh AFB, New York. ... The United States Air Forces 499th Air Refueling Wing was an aerial refueling unit located at Westover AFB, Massachusetts. ... // Lineage Established as 72d Observation Group on 21 Aug 1941. ... The 95th Air Base Wing (95 ABW) is a wing of the United States Air Force based out of Edwards Air Force Base, California. ... The United States Air Forces 96th Air Base Wing is an unit located at Eglin AFB, Florida. ... The 376th Air Expeditionary Wing (376 AEW) is a wing of the United States Air Force located at Manas Air Base, Kyrgyzstan. ... The B-1 Lancer is an American strategic bomber with variable geometry wings. ... The Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit is a multi-role stealth heavy bomber, capable of deploying both conventional and nuclear weapons. ... The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress is an American four-engine heavy bomber aircraft developed for the US Army Air Corps (USAAC). ... First flown in 1942, the American Douglas A-26 Invader (after 1948, the B-26, and after 1966, the A-26A) was a twin-engined light attack bomber aircraft built during World War II and seeing service during the Cold Wars major conflicts. ... The Boeing B-29 Superfortress was a four-engine heavy bomber propeller aircraft flown by the United States Army Air Forces in World War II and other military organizations afterwards. ... The Convair B-36 (officially named the Peacemaker, but the name is rarely used) was an American strategic bomber aircraft, and the largest bomber ever flown by the United States. ... The North American B-45 Tornado was the United States Air Forces first operational jet bomber, and the first jet aircraft to be refueled in the air. ... The Boeing B-47 Stratojet jet bomber was a medium range and size bomber capable of flying at high subsonic speeds and primarily designed for penetrating the Soviet Union. ... The Boeing B-50 Superfortress was basically a post-World War II revision of the wartime B-29 Superfortress with new, more powerful 3,500-HP Pratt & Whitney R-4360 Wasp Major radial engines, a taller vertical stabilizer, and numerous detail improvements. ... “B-52” redirects here. ... The Martin B-57 Canberra was a twin-engine jet bomber and reconnaissance aircraft which entered service in the 1950s. ... The Convair B-58 Hustler was a American high-speed jet bomber capable of Mach 2 supersonic flight. ... A U.S. Air Force F-111 The General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark (the nickname was unofficial for most of its lifespan, but it was officially named Aardvark at its retirement ceremony for the United States Air Force) is a long-range strategic bomber, reconnaissance, and tactical strike aircraft. ... The Boeing E-4 Advanced Airborne Command Post, with a project name of Nightwatch, is an aircraft operated by the United States Air Force and is specially built to serve as a survivable mobile command post for the National Command Authority, including the President of the United States, the Secretary... The Boeing EC-135 is a version of the C-135 Stratolifter, modified to operate on several different U.S. Air Force programs. ... The Boeing RC-135 is a United States Air Force reconnaissance aircraft used to support theater and national level consumers with near real-time on-scene intelligence collection, analysis and dissemination capabilities. ... The North American Aviation P-51 Mustang was an American long-range single-seat fighter aircraft that entered service with Allied air forces in the middle years of World War II. The P-51 became one of the conflicts most successful and recognizable aircraft. ... The North American F-82 Twin Mustang was the last piston-powered fighter ordered into production by the U.S. Air Force. ... The F-84 Thunderjet was an American built fighter-bomber aircraft made by the Republic Aviation Company. ... The North American F-86 Sabre (sometimes called the Sabrejet) was a transonic combat aircraft developed for the US Air Force. ... The Convair F-102 Delta Dagger fighter aircraft was part of the backbone of the United States air defenses in the late 1950s. ... A U.S. Air Force F-111 The General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark (the nickname was unofficial for most of its lifespan, but it was officially named Aardvark at its retirement ceremony for the United States Air Force) is a long-range strategic bomber, reconnaissance, and tactical strike aircraft. ... The McDonnell ADM-20 Quail was a subsonic, jet powered, air-launched decoy cruise missile built by McDonnell Aircraft Corporation. ... The North American AGM-28 Hound Dog was the first air-launched nuclear stand-off missile developed by the United States. ... The Boeing AGM-69 SRAM (Short-range attack missile) was a nuclear air-to-surface missile designed to replace the older AGM-28 Hound Dog stand-off missile. ... The AGM-84 Harpoon is a U.S. all-weather, over-the-horizon, anti-ship cruise missile system, originally developed by McDonnell Douglas, with development and manufacturing now taken over by Boeing Integrated Defense Systems. ... The Boeing AGM-86B and AGM-86C ALCM are sub-sonic air-launched cruise missiles (ALCMs) operated by the United States Air Force. ... “ACM” redirects here. ... Atlas missile launch from Cape Canaveral in 1957 Atlas was a missile built by the Convair Division of General Dynamics. ... The LGM-30 Minuteman is a United States nuclear missile, a land-based intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). ... The LGM-30 Minuteman is a United States nuclear missile, a land-based intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). ... The LGM-30 Minuteman is a United States nuclear missile, a land-based intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). ... Test launch of Peacekeeper ICBM from Vandenberg AFB, CA (USAF) The LG-118A Peacekeeper is a land-based ICBM deployed by the United States starting in 1986. ... The Northrop SM-62 Snark was a specialised intercontinental missile with a nuclear warhead briefly operated by the US Strategic Air Command from 1958 until 1961. ... Thor-Ablestar Thor was the United Statess first operational ballistic missile. ... Jupiter IRBM mobile missile The PGM-19 Jupiter was an intermediate-range ballistic missile of the United States Air Force. ... SR-71 redirects here. ... The U-2 is a single-seat, single-engine, high-altitude reconnaissance airplane flown by the United States Air Force. ... The Lockheed U-2, nicknamed Dragon Lady, is a single-engine, high-altitude aircraft flown by the United States Air Force and previously flown by the Central Intelligence Agency. ... The Boeing B-29 Superfortress was a four-engine heavy bomber propeller aircraft flown by the United States Army Air Forces in World War II and other military organizations afterwards. ... The KC-10 Extender is an air-to-air tanker aircraft in service with the United States Air Force derived from the civilian DC-10-30 airliner. ... The HC-130P/N is an extended-range, combat search and rescue version of the C-130 Hercules transport. ... The Lockheed C-130 Hercules, a four-engine turboprop aircraft, is the main tactical air transport aircraft of the United States and UK military forces. ... The Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker is an aerial refueling tanker aircraft. ... Beechcraft 18 on floats. ... The Douglas C-47 Skytrain or Dakota is a military transport that was developed from the Douglas DC-3 airliner. ... The Douglas C-54 Skymaster was a four-engined transport aircraft used by the United States Army Air Force in World War II. Like the C-47 Skytrain, the C-54 Skymaster was derived from a civilian airliner (the DC-4). ... The C-82 Packet was a twin-engine, twin-boom aircraft that was used briefly by the United States Army Air Forces following World War II. Developed by Fairchild, the aircraft was first flown in 1944. ... The Boeing C-97 Stratofreighter was a militarized Model 377 optimized for long range heavy cargo transport. ... The Douglas DC-6 is a piston-powered airliner and transport aircraft built by the Douglas Aircraft Company from 1946 to 1959. ... The Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar was a U.S. military transport aircraft developed from the World War II Fairchild C-82 Packet, designed to carry cargo, personnel, litter patients, and mechanized equipment, and to drop cargo and troops by parachute. ... The Douglas C-124 Globemaster II, nicknamed Old Shakey, was a heavy-lift cargo aircraft built by the Douglas Aircraft Company in Long Beach, California. ... ... The C-135 Stratolifter is a transport aircraft derived from Boeing’s prototype 367-80 jet airliner (also the basis for the 707) in the early 1950s. ... See:Strategic Air Command Commander in Chief Strategic Air Command (CINCSAC) Commanding General - 21 March 1946 General George C. Kenney - 21 March 1946 - 15 October 1948 General Curtis E. LeMay - 19 October 1948 - Jun 1953 Commander - June 1953 General Curtis E. LeMay - June 1953 - 31 March 1955 Commander in Chief... George Kenney George Churchill Kenney (August 6, 1889 - August 9, 1977) was one of the most brilliant and successful United States Army Air Forces generals of World War II. He excelled in his his role as commander of the Allied air forces in the Southwest Pacific Area (SWPA) from August... Curtis Emerson LeMay (November 15, 1906–October 3, 1990) was a general in the United States Air Force and the vice presidential running mate of independent candidate George C. Wallace in 1968. ... General Thomas Sarsfield Power was commander in chief of the Strategic Air Command and an active military flier for more than 30 years. ... John Dale Ryan (1915–1983) was a U.S. Air Force general. ... General Bruce K. Holloway was commander in chief of the Strategic Air Command. ... General John C. Meyer General John C. Meyer (1919–1975) was an American World War II flying ace, and later the commander in chief of the Strategic Air Command (SAC) and director of the Joint Strategic Target Planning Staff at Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska. ... General Russell Elliott Dougherty (1920 – September 7, 2007)[1] was commander in chief of the Strategic Air Command and director of strategic target planning (Joint Strategic Target Planning Staff), at Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska. ... General Richard H. Ellis was commander in chief of the Strategic Air Command and director of the Joint Strategic Target Planning Staff with headquarters at Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska. ... General Bennie L. Davis was commander in chief, Strategic Air Command and director Joint Strategic Target Planning Staff, with headquarters at Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska. ... General Larry D. Welch was the 12th Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force. ... John T. Chain, Jr. ... General George Lee Butler was commander in chief, United States Strategic Command, and the last commander of Strategic Air Command. ...

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Diego Garcia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2250 words)
Diego Garcia is the largest atoll by land area of the Chagos Archipelago.
Diego Garcia became a possession of the United Kingdom after the Napoleonic wars, and from 1814 to 1965, it was a dependency of Mauritius.
Until 1971, Diego Garcia had a native population, known as the Ilois (or Chagossians), which was composed of the descendants of East Indian workers and African slaves who had been brought to the island in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries to work on the coconut and copra plantations.
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