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Encyclopedia > Die schöne Müllerin

Die schöne Müllerin, D. 795, is a song cycle by Franz Schubert on poems by Wilhelm Müller. It is the earliest song cycle to be widely performed. A song cycle is a group of songs designed to be performed in sequence as a single entity. ... For the crater on the moon, see Schubert (crater) Franz Schubert Franz Peter Schubert (January 31, 1797 – November 19, 1828), was an Austrian composer. ... Wilhelm Müller (October 7, 1794 - September 30, 1827), German lyric poet, was born at Dessau, the son of a shoemaker. ...


Müller's poems were published in 1820, and Schubert set most of them to music between May and September of 1823, while he was also writing his opera Fierabras. Schubert omitted several of the poems, such as a prologue and an epilogue delivered by the poet. The work was published in 1824 under the title Die schöne Müllerin, ein Zyklus von Liedern, gedichtet von Wilhelm Müller, which approximately means, "The lovely maid of the mill, a song cycle to poems by Wilhelm Müller". 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1823 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


The cycle is occasionally referred to as the "Müllerlieder," the Müller songs, a term used by the composer once in a letter. This is not especially useful nomenclature, since Schubert's later and equally celebrated song cycle Die Winterreise is also to poems by Müller. Winterreise (Winter Journey) is a song cycle by Franz Schubert, on poems by Wilhelm Müller. ...


There are twenty songs in the cycle, around half in simple strophic form, and they move from cheerful optimism to despair and tragedy. At the beginning of the cycle, a man wanders happily through the countryside. He comes upon a brook, which he follows to a mill. He falls in love with a beautiful girl who works there (she is "the beautiful mill-girl" referred to in the title). He tries to impress the mill-girl, but discovers that she and a hunter are in love. He despairs and drowns himself in the brook. The last number is a lullaby sung by the brook. Strophic form, or chorus form, is a sectional and/or additive way of structuring a piece of music based on the repetition of one formal section or block played repeatedly. ...


Die schöne Müllerin is one of Schubert's most admired works, and it is frequently performed and recorded. A typical performance lasts around sixty to seventy minutes.


Schubert wrote one other song cycle, Die Winterreise (The Winter's Journey) (the songs collected as Schwanengesang are sometimes performed as a set, but were collected together after Schubert's death, and were not intended as a cycle by him). Winterreise (Winter Journey) is a song cycle by Franz Schubert, on poems by Wilhelm Müller. ...


External links

  • Original German (http://www.recmusic.org/lieder/merge.cgi?48) and English translations (http://www.recmusic.org/lieder/merge.cgi?48&en) of the texts
  • [1] (http://www.beoton.de/muellerin.html) source of composition dates given above

 
 

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