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Encyclopedia > Dicotyledon
Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons)
Magnolia flower
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Brongniart
Orders

See text. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (718x1200, 114 KB) Summary Magnolia Watsoni, taken in June 2004 by me. ... Species See text Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Magnolia Magnolia is a large genus of about 210[1] flowering plant species in the subfamily Magnolioideae of the family Magnoliaceae. ... A Phalaenopsis flower Rudbeckia fulgida A flower, (<Old French flo(u)r<Latin florem<flos), also known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms). ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... Divisions Green algae Chlorophyta Charophyta Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta—liverworts Anthocerotophyta—hornworts Bryophyta—mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) †Rhyniophyta—rhyniophytes †Zosterophyllophyta—zosterophylls Lycopodiophyta—clubmosses †Trimerophytophyta—trimerophytes Pteridophyta—ferns and horsetails Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta—seed ferns Pinophyta—conifers Cycadophyta—cycads Ginkgophyta—ginkgo Gnetophyta—gnetae Magnoliophyta—flowering plants... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants or angiosperms are the most widespread group of land plants. ... Alexandre Brongniart (1770 – 1847) was a French chemist and zoologist, who collaborated with Georges Cuvier. ... In scientific classification used in biology, the order (Latin: ordo, plural ordines) is a rank between class and family (termed a taxon at that rank). ...

Young castor oil plant showing its prominent two embryonic leaves (cotyledons), that differ from the adult leaves
Young castor oil plant showing its prominent two embryonic leaves (cotyledons), that differ from the adult leaves

Dicotyledons, or "dicots", is a name for a group of flowering plants whose seed typically contains two embryonic leaves or cotyledons. There are around 199,350 species within this group [1]. Flowering plants that are not dicotyledons are monocotyledons, typically having one embryonic leaf. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (828x960, 236 KB) Summary Young castor bean plant (Ricinus communis) showing prominent cotyledons (embryonic leaves). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (828x960, 236 KB) Summary Young castor bean plant (Ricinus communis) showing prominent cotyledons (embryonic leaves). ... Binomial name Ricinus communis L. The castor oil plant (Ricinus communis) is a plant species of the Euphorbiaceae and the sole member of the genus Ricinus and of the subtribe Ricininae. ... For the genus of Crassulaceae, see Cotyledon. ... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants or angiosperms are the most widespread group of land plants. ... A ripe red jalapeño cut open to show the seeds For other uses, see Seed (disambiguation). ... cotyledon in formation before the accumulation of the reserves seen at Judas-tree (Cercis siliquastrum) Comparison of a monocot and dicot sprouting A cotyledon (Greek: κοτυληδών) is a significant part of the embryo within the seed of a plant. ... In biology, a species is one of the basic units of biodiversity. ... Hemerocallis flower, with three flower parts in each whorl Wheat, an economically important monocot The monocotyledons or Monocots are a group of flowering plants, (angiosperms) dominating great parts of the earth. ...


The dicotyledons no longer are regarded as a "good" group, and the names "dicotyledons" and "dicots" are no longer to be used at least in a taxonomic sense. The vast majority of the former dicots, however, form a monophyletic group called the eudicots or tricolpates. These may be distinguished from all other flowering plants by the structure of their pollen. Other dicotyledons and monocotyledons have monosulcate pollen, or forms derived from it, whereas eudicots have tricolpate pollen, or derived forms, the pollen having three or more pores set in furrows called colpi. In phylogenetics, a group is monophyletic (Greek: of one stem) if all organisms in that group are known to have developed from a common ancestral form, and all descendants of that form are included in the group. ... In the APG-system, the names eudicots or tricolpates are applied to a monophyletic group that includes most of the (former) dicotyledons. ... SEM image of pollen grains from a variety of common plants: sunflower (Helianthus annuus), morning glory (Ipomoea purpurea), prairie hollyhock (Sidalcea malviflora), oriental lily (Lilium auratum), evening primrose (Oenothera fruticosa), and castor bean (Ricinus communis). ...


Traditionally the dicots have been called the Dicotyledones (or Dicotyledoneae), at any rank. If treated as a class, as in the Cronquist system, they may be called the Magnoliopsida after the type genus Magnolia. In some schemes, the eudicots are treated as a separate class, the Rosopsida (type genus Rosa), or as several separate classes. The remaining dicots (palaeodicots) may be kept in a single paraphyletic class, called Magnoliopsida, or further divided. In botanical nomenclature, a type (typus, nomenclatural type) is that element to which the name of a taxon is permanently attached . ... Species See text Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Magnolia Magnolia is a large genus of about 210[1] flowering plant species in the subfamily Magnolioideae of the family Magnoliaceae. ... Rosopsida Batsch 1788 is a botanical name for a group of flowering plants recognized at the rank of class. ... In the APG system of flowering plant classification, Palaeodicots is a name of convenience. ...

The following lists are of the orders formerly placed in the dicots, giving their new placement in the APG-system and that under the older Cronquist system, which is still in wide use. The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group is an international group of systematic botanists who have come together to try to establish a consensus view of the taxonomy of flowering plants in the light of the rapid rise of molecular systematics. ... A system of plant taxonomy, the Cronquist system is a scheme for the classification of flowering plants (or angiosperms). ...

APG II Cronquist system

Amborellaceae A modern system of plant taxonomy, the APG II system of plant classification was published in 2003 by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group, APG, in Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2003). ... A system of plant taxonomy, the Cronquist system is a scheme for the classification of flowering plants (or angiosperms). ... Binomial name Amborella trichopoda Amborella trichopoda is a rare shrub found only in New Caledonia. ...


Chloranthaceae Genera Chlorantha Hedyosmum Ref: Hortiplex 2003-11-14 Chloranthaceae is a family of dicots, the only family in the order Chloranthales (according to APG II) or in the order Piperales (according to the Cronquist classification). ...


Nymphaeaceae [+ Cabombaceae] genera see text Nymphaeaceae is the botanical name of a family of flowering plants. ... Genera Brasenia Cabomba Cabombaceae is a family of flowering plants, consisting of 7 species in 2 genera. ...


Austrobaileyales Families See text The Austrobaileyales are an order of basal flowering plants comprising the following families: Family Austrobaileyaceae Family Trimeniaceae Family Illiciaceae (star anise) Family Schisandraceae (schisandra, kadsura) This essentially corresponds to the order Illiciales in the older Cronquist system, which only included the last two families. ...


Ceratophyllales Species Ceratophyllum demersum Ceratophyllum submersum Ceratophyllum is a cosmopolitan genus of flowering plants, commonly found in ponds, marshes, and quiet streams in tropical and in temperate regions. ...

magnoliids
eudicots

Note: "+ ..." = optional segregrate family, that may be split off from the preceding family. The name magnoliids (plural, not capitalized) or magnoliid complex is used by the APG II system for a clade within the angiosperms. ... Families Canellaceae Winteraceae The Canellales are an order of basal dicot flowering plants, also referred to as the Winterales. ... Families Atherospermataceae Calycanthaceae Gomortegaceae Hernandiaceae Lauraceae Monimiaceae Siparunaceae The Laurales are an order of flowering plants. ... Families Annonaceae Degeneriaceae Eupomatiaceae Himantandraceae Magnoliaceae Myristicaceae The Magnoliales are an order of flowering plants. ... Families Aristolochiaceae Hydnoraceae Lactoridaceae Piperaceae Saururaceae The Piperales are an order of flowering plants. ... In the APG-system, the names eudicots or tricolpates are applied to a monophyletic group that includes most of the (former) dicotyledons. ... This article is about the box tree. ... Species Didymeles integrifolia Didymeles perrieri Didymeles is a genus of flowering plants and the only genus of the family Didymelaceae. ... Sabiaceae is a family of plants native to East Asia and Melanesia. ... genera see text Trochodendraceae is the botanical name for a family of flowering plants. ... genera see text Tetracentraceae is the botanical name for a family of flowering plants. ... Families See text The Proteales are an order of flowering plants, which belong among the basal eudicots. ... families See text Ranunculales is an order of flowering plants. ... In the APG and APG II system for classification of angiosperms, the names eudicots or tricolpates are applied to a clade, a monophyletic group. ... species Aextoxicon punctatum is a tree native to southern Chile, commonly known as the Olivillo or Aceitunillo. ... genera see text Berberidopsidaceae is the botanical name for a family of flowering plants. ... Dilleniaceae is a plant family found in the tropics, sub-tropics and most of Australia. ... Families Gunneraceae Myrothamnaceae Gunnerales is an order of dicotyledons comprising two genera in separate families, Gunnera (Gunneraceae) and Myrothamnus (Myrothamnaceae). ... Families Achatocarpaceae Aizoaceae (Fig-marigold family) Amaranthaceae (amaranth family) Ancistrocladaceae Asteropeiaceae Barbeuiaceae Basellaceae (basella family) Cactaceae (cactus family) Caryophyllaceae (carnation family) Dioncophyllaceae Droseraceae (sundew family) Drosophyllaceae Frankeniaceae Molluginaceae (carpetweed family) Nepenthaceae Nyctaginaceae (four-oclock family) Physenaceae Phytolaccaceae (pokeweed family) Plumbaginaceae (plumbago family) Polygonaceae (buckwheat family) Portulacaceae (purslane family) Rhabdodendraceae... Families See text The Santalales are an order of flowering plants, belonging to the dicotyledons. ... Families See text. ... In the APG II system for the classification of the angiosperms the name rosids refers to a clade, meaning a monophyletic group of plants. ... Species Aphloia theiformis (Vahl) Benn. ... The Geissolomataceae (Geissolomataceae Endl. ... Binomial name A.Cunn. ... Genera Acareosperma Ampelocissus Ampelopsis (peppervine) Cayratia Cissus (treebind, treebine) Clematicissus Cyphostemma Nothocissus Parthenocissus (creeper) Pterisanthes Pterocissus Rhoicissus Tetrastigma Vitis (grape) Vua The Vitaceae (or Vitidaceae) are a family of dicots including the grape and Virginia creeper. ... Families Crossosomataceae Stachyuraceae Staphyleaceae The Crossosomatales are an order of flowering plants, included within the rosid subgroup of dicotyledons. ... Families (APG II) Geraniaceae (geranium family) Melianthaceae Vivianiaceae Ledocarpaceae The Geraniales are an small order of flowering plants, included within the rosid subgroup of dicotyledons. ... Families See text. ... In the APG II system for the classification of the angiosperms the name rosids refers to a clade, meaning a monophyletic group of plants. ... Genera See text The Zygophyllaceae, of about 250 species, are a family of flowering plants, also known as the bean-caper or caltrop family. ... Families Celastraceae(staff vinefamily) Parnassiaceae Lepidobotryaceae The Celastrales are an order of flowering plants, included within the rosid subgroup of dicotyledons. ... Families Cucurbitaceae (gourd family) Begoniaceae (begonia family) Datiscaceae Tetramelaceae Corynocarpaceae Coriariaceae Anisophylleaceae The Cucurbitales are an order of flowering plants, included in the rosid group of dicotyledons. ... Families Fabaceae (legumes) Quillajaceae Polygalaceae (milkwort family) Surianaceae The Fabales are an order of flowering plants, included in the rosid group of dicotyledons. ... Families included in the Kew list: Fagaceae - Beech family   (including Nothofagaceae) Betulaceae - Birch family Corylaceae - Hazel family Ticodendraceae not included in the Kew list: Casuarinaceae - She-oak family Juglandaceae - Walnut family Rhoipteleaceae Myricaceae The Fagales are an order of flowering plants, including some of the best known trees. ... Families Family Achariaceae Family Balanopaceae Family Bonnetiaceae Family Caryocaraceae Family Chrysobalanaceae Family Clusiaceae Family Ctenolophonaceae Family Dichapetalaceae Family Elatinaceae Family Erythryloxaceae (coca family) Family Euphorbiaceae (spurge family) Family Euphroniaceae Family Goupiaceae Family Humiriaceae Family Hypericaceae (St Johns wort family) Family Irvingiaceae Family Ixonanthaceae Family Lacistemaceae Family Linaceae (flax family... Families Barbeyaceae Cannabaceae (hemp family) Dirachmaceae Elaeagnaceae Moraceae (mulberry family) Rosaceae (rose family) Rhamnaceae (buckthorn family) Ulmaceae (elm family) Urticaceae (nettle family) For the Philippine municipality, see Rosales, Pangasinan. ... In the APG II system for the classification of the angiosperms the name rosids refers to a clade, meaning a monophyletic group of plants. ... Huerteales (Huerteales Doweld) is the botanical name for an order of flowering plants that has rarely been recognized by taxonomists. ... Families See text. ... Families Malvaceae (mallows,...) Dipterocarpaceae Sarcolaenaceae Cistaceae Muntingiaceae Bixaceae Diegodendraceae Cochlospermaceae Sphaerosepalaceae Thymelaeaceae Neuradaceae The Malvales are an order of flowering plants, mostly comprised of shrubs and trees. ... Families See text Sapindales is a botanical name for an order of flowering plants. ... In the APG II system (2003) for the classification of flowering plants, the name asterids refers to a clade (a monophyletic group). ... Families See text The Cornales are an order of flowering plants, basal among the asterid group of dicotyledons. ... Families See text. ... In the APG II system (2003) for the classification of flowering plants, the name asterids refers to a clade (a monophyletic group). ... Genera many, see text Boraginaceae Juss. ... Genera See text. ... Families Garryaceae Eucommiaceae The Garryales are a small order of dicotyledons, including only two families and three genera: Family Garryaceae Garrya Aucuba Family Eucommiaceae Eucommia These belong among the asterids. ... Families Gentianaceae (gentian family) Apocynaceae (dogbane family) Gelsemiaceae Loganiaceae (logania family) Rubiaceae (coffee family) The Gentianales are an order of flowering plants, included within the asterid group of dicotyledons. ... Families See text The Order Lamiales is a taxon in the asterid group of dicotyledonous flowering plants. ... Families at least the following: Solanaceae Convolvulaceae and others, varying between classification systems; for details see text The Solanales are an order of flowering plants, included in the asterid group of dicotyledons. ... In the APG II system (2003) for the classification of flowering plants, the name asterids refers to a clade (a monophyletic group). ... Genera see text The Escalloniaceae is a family of flowering plants so far unplaced as to order, but belonging to the campanulid clade (euasterids II) and comprising about 150 species. ... Sphenostemonaceae is a monotypic family of plants containing only the genus Sphenostemon of small evergreen trees or shrubs endemic to New Guinea, Queensland, Australia and New Caledonia. ... Genera see text The Escalloniaceae is a family of flowering plants so far unplaced as to order, but belonging to the campanulid clade (euasterids II) and comprising about 150 species. ... Families Apiaceae (carrot family) Araliaceae (ginseng family) Pittosporaceae Griseliniaceae Torriceliaceae The Apiales are an order of flowering plants. ... Families Aquifoliaceae Helwingiaceae Phyllonomaceae The Aquifoliales are an order of flowering plants, including most notably the Aquifoliaceae, or holly family. ... Families Alseuosmiaceae Argophyllaceae Asteraceae - Daisies Calyceraceae Campanulaceae (incl. ... Families may not be a complete list Adoxaceae (moschatel family) Caprifoliaceae (honeysuckle family) Diervillaceae Dipsacaceae (teasel family) Linnaeaceae (twinflower family) Morinaceae Valerianaceae (valerian family) The Dipsacales are an order of flowering plants, included within the asterid group of dicotyledons. ...

Magnoliopsida


Magnoliidae (mostly basal dicots) Orders Magnoliales Laurales Piperales Aristolochiales Illiciales Nymphaeales Ranunculales Papaverales Magnoliidae is a sub-class of the Dicotyledon flowering plants in the Cronquist system. ...

Hamamelidae Families Annonaceae Degeneriaceae Eupomatiaceae Himantandraceae Magnoliaceae Myristicaceae The Magnoliales are an order of flowering plants. ... Families Atherospermataceae Calycanthaceae Gomortegaceae Hernandiaceae Lauraceae Monimiaceae Siparunaceae The Laurales are an order of flowering plants. ... Families Aristolochiaceae Hydnoraceae Lactoridaceae Piperaceae Saururaceae The Piperales are an order of flowering plants. ... Genera See text The Aristolochiaceae, or the Birthworth family, are a family of flowering plants with 7 genera and about 400 species belonging to the order Piperales. ... Families See text The Austrobaileyales are an order of basal flowering plants comprising the following families: Family Austrobaileyaceae Family Trimeniaceae Family Illiciaceae (star anise) Family Schisandraceae (schisandra, kadsura) This essentially corresponds to the order Illiciales in the older Cronquist system, which only included the last two families. ... Families Cabombaceae - fanworts Nymphaeaceae - water lilies The Nymphaeales are an order of flowering plants, including two families of aquatic herbs: Family Nymphaeaceae (waterlily family) Family Cabombaceae (fanwort family) Sometimes the Cabombaceae are included within the Nymphaeaceae. ... families See text Ranunculales is an order of flowering plants. ... families See text Ranunculales is an order of flowering plants. ... Orders Trochodendrales Hamamelidales Daphniphyllales Didymelales Eucommiales Urticales Leitneriales Juglandales Myricales Casuarinales Hamamelidae is a subclass of plants in the older Cronquist classification scheme. ...

Caryophyllidae Families Trochodendraceae Tetracentraceae The Trochodendrales are an order of dicotyledon plants, comprising the families Trochodendraceae and Tetracentraceae. ... The Hamemelidales are an order of dicotyledons in the Cronquist system, including the following families: Family Hamamelidaceae (witch-hazel family) Family Cercidiphyllaceae (katsura tree) Family Eupteleaceae Family Platanaceae (plane trees) Family Myrothamnaceae (resurrection bush) These served as the prototype for the subclass Hamamelidae. ... Species See text Daphniphyllum is a genus of flowering plants in the family Daphniphyllaceae, including about 25 species, all evergreen shrubs and trees native to east and southeast Asia. ... Species Didymeles integrifolia Didymeles perrieri Didymeles is a genus of flowering plants and the only genus of the family Didymelaceae. ... Binomial name Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. ... The Urticales are an order of dicotyledons in the Cronquist system of classification for flowering plants, including the following families: Barbeyaceae Cannabaceae (hemp family) Cecropiaceae Moraceae (mulberry family) Physenaceae Ulmaceae (elm family) Urticaceae (nettle family) These range from small herbaceous plants to large trees, blooming from the late spring to... Binomial name Leitneria floridana The Corkwood (Leitneria floridana) is a deciduous dioecious shrub or small tree, found only in the Southeast of the United States (Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Missouri and Texas). ... Families included in the Kew list: Fagaceae - Beech family   (including Nothofagaceae) Betulaceae - Birch family Corylaceae - Hazel family Ticodendraceae not included in the Kew list: Casuarinaceae - She-oak family Juglandaceae - Walnut family Rhoipteleaceae Myricaceae The Fagales are an order of flowering plants, including some of the best known trees. ... Families included in the Kew list: Fagaceae - Beech family   (including Nothofagaceae) Betulaceae - Birch family Corylaceae - Hazel family Ticodendraceae not included in the Kew list: Casuarinaceae - She-oak family Juglandaceae - Walnut family Rhoipteleaceae Myricaceae The Fagales are an order of flowering plants, including some of the best known trees. ... Families included in the Kew list: Fagaceae - Beech family   (including Nothofagaceae) Betulaceae - Birch family Corylaceae - Hazel family Ticodendraceae not included in the Kew list: Casuarinaceae - She-oak family Juglandaceae - Walnut family Rhoipteleaceae Myricaceae The Fagales are an order of flowering plants, including some of the best known trees. ... Genera Allocasuarina Casuarina Gymnostoma Casuarinaceae is a family of dicotyledonous flowering plants placed in the order Fagales, consisting of 3 or 4 genera and approximately 70 species of trees and shrubs native to the Old World tropics (Indo-Malaysia), Australia, and the Pacific islands. ... Orders Caryophyllales Polygonales Plumbaginales Caryophyllidae is a subclass of plants in the older Cronquist classification scheme. ...

Dilleniidae Families Achatocarpaceae Aizoaceae (Fig-marigold family) Amaranthaceae (amaranth family) Ancistrocladaceae Asteropeiaceae Barbeuiaceae Basellaceae (basella family) Cactaceae (cactus family) Caryophyllaceae (carnation family) Dioncophyllaceae Droseraceae (sundew family) Drosophyllaceae Frankeniaceae Molluginaceae (carpetweed family) Nepenthaceae Nyctaginaceae (four-oclock family) Physenaceae Phytolaccaceae (pokeweed family) Plumbaginaceae (plumbago family) Polygonaceae (buckwheat family) Portulacaceae (purslane family) Rhabdodendraceae... Genera See text The Polygonaceae, or the Knotweed Family, are a group of dicots including buckwheat, sorrel (but not wood sorrel), rhubarb, and knotgrass. ... Genera (examples) Armeria Ceratostigma Limonium Plumbago The Plumbaginaceae are a family of flowering plants that includes a number of popular garden species, which are grown world wide for their attractive flowers. ... Dilleniidae is a botanical name at the rank of subclass. ...

Rosidae Families Dilleniaceae Paeoniaceae Crossosomataceae Under the Cronquist system, the Dilleniales were an order of dicotyledons, comprising the elephant apple family, Dilleniaceae. ... Theales is an order of plants that includes the tea bushes. ... Families Malvaceae (mallows,...) Dipterocarpaceae Sarcolaenaceae Cistaceae Muntingiaceae Bixaceae Diegodendraceae Cochlospermaceae Sphaerosepalaceae Thymelaeaceae Neuradaceae The Malvales are an order of flowering plants, mostly comprised of shrubs and trees. ... Placement Kingdom Plantae Division Magnoliophyta -- angiosperms, flowering plants Class Magnoliopsida -- dicotyledons Order Lecythidales Synonyms and common names none noted Reference http://www. ... The Nepenthales are an order of dicotyledons, including several kinds of carnivorous plants. ... Families see text Violales used to be an order of flowering plants in the Cronquist classification. ... Genera See text. ... Capparales is a botanical name of an order of flowering plants. ... Families See text The Brassicales are an order of flowering plants belonging to the dicotyledons. ... Families See text. ... Placement Kingdom Plantae Division Magnoliophyta -- angiosperms, flowering plants Class Magnoliopsida -- dicotyledons Order Diapensiales Synonyms and common names none noted Reference http://www. ... Ebenales was a plant order in the old Cronquist classification system. ... Primulales is an order of dicots in the subclass Dilleniidae. ... Orders See text The botanical Sub-class Rosidae is a large dicotyledonous flowering plant taxon, containing over 58,000 species grouped within 108 families. ...

Asteridae Families Barbeyaceae Cannabaceae (hemp family) Dirachmaceae Elaeagnaceae Moraceae (mulberry family) Rosaceae (rose family) Rhamnaceae (buckthorn family) Ulmaceae (elm family) Urticaceae (nettle family) For the Philippine municipality, see Rosales, Pangasinan. ... Families Fabaceae (legumes) Quillajaceae Polygalaceae (milkwort family) Surianaceae The Fabales are an order of flowering plants, included in the rosid group of dicotyledons. ... Families See text The Proteales are an order of flowering plants, which belong among the basal eudicots. ... Genera Angolaea Apinagia Butumia Castelnavia Ceratolacis Cladopus Cipoia Crenias Crenias Dalzellia Devillea Diamantina Dicraeanthus Diplobryum Djinga Endocaulos Farmeria Hydrobryopsis Hydrobryum Indotristicha Jenmaniella Lawia Ledermanniella Leiothylax Letestuella Lonchostephus Lophogyne Macrarenia Macropodiella Malaccotristicha Marathrum Monostylis Mourera Oserya Paleodicraeia Podostemum Polypleurella Polypleurum Rhyncholacis Saxicolella Sphaerothylax Stonesia Thelethylax Torrenticola Tristicha Tulasneantha Weddellina Willisia Winklerella... The Haloragales are an order of dicotyledons in the Cronquist system of classification, comprising mainly the family Haloragaceae, including water milfoil. ... Families See text. ... Rhizophoraceae Categories: Stub | Plant families ... Families See text The Cornales are an order of flowering plants, basal among the asterid group of dicotyledons. ... Families See text The Santalales are an order of flowering plants, belonging to the dicotyledons. ... Families Apodanthaceae Cytinaceae Mitrastemonaceae Rafflesiaceae The Rafflesiales are a order of holoparasitic plants. ... Families Celastraceae(staff vinefamily) Parnassiaceae Lepidobotryaceae The Celastrales are an order of flowering plants, included within the rosid subgroup of dicotyledons. ... Families see text Euphorbiales is an order of flowering plants. ... The Rhamnales are an order of dicotyledon plants. ... Linales is a botanical name of an order of flowering plants. ... Genera Atroxima Balgoya Barnhartia Bredemeyera Carpolobia Comesperma Diclidanthera Epirixanthes Eriandra Monnina Monrosia Moutabea Muraltia Nylandtia Polygala Salmonia Securidaca The Polygalaceae or Milkwort family is a family of flowering plants in the order Fabales. ... Families See text Sapindales is a botanical name for an order of flowering plants. ... Families (APG II) Geraniaceae (geranium family) Melianthaceae Vivianiaceae Ledocarpaceae The Geraniales are an small order of flowering plants, included within the rosid subgroup of dicotyledons. ... Families Apiaceae (carrot family) Araliaceae (ginseng family) Pittosporaceae Griseliniaceae Torriceliaceae The Apiales are an order of flowering plants. ... Asteridae is a botanical subclass of flowering plants in class Dicotyledon or Magnoliopsida. ...

Families Gentianaceae (gentian family) Apocynaceae (dogbane family) Gelsemiaceae Loganiaceae (logania family) Rubiaceae (coffee family) The Gentianales are an order of flowering plants, included within the asterid group of dicotyledons. ... Families at least the following: Solanaceae Convolvulaceae and others, varying between classification systems; for details see text The Solanales are an order of flowering plants, included in the asterid group of dicotyledons. ... Families See text The Order Lamiales is a taxon in the asterid group of dicotyledonous flowering plants. ... Families    Callitrichaceae water starworts    Hippuridaceae mares tail Source: ITS 500018 2002-05-31 Callitrichales is an order of flowering plants, whose flowers have a single stamen. ... Plantains Categories: Plant stubs | Plant families | Lamiales ... Families    Acanthaceae    Bignoniaceae    Buddlejaceae    Gesneriaceae    Globulariaceae    Lamiaceae    Lentibulariaceae    Myoporaceae    Oleaceae    Pedaliaceae    Scrophulariaceae Ref. ... Families Brunoniaceae Campanulaceae Goodeniaceae Pentaphragmataceae Sphenocleaceae Stylidiceae or Stylidiaceae Source: ITS 34468 2002-05-29 The Campanulales are an order of the subclass Asteridae in the class Magnoliopsida flowering plants. ... The Rubiales are an order of flowering plants in the Cronquist system, including the families Rubiaceae and Theligonaceae. ... Families may not be a complete list Adoxaceae (moschatel family) Caprifoliaceae (honeysuckle family) Diervillaceae Dipsacaceae (teasel family) Linnaeaceae (twinflower family) Morinaceae Valerianaceae (valerian family) The Dipsacales are an order of flowering plants, included within the asterid group of dicotyledons. ... Families Calyceraceae - 2 genera Source: ITS 500019 2002-05-29 The Calycerales are an order of flowering plants which include the Acicarpha and the Calycera. ... Families Alseuosmiaceae Argophyllaceae Asteraceae - Daisies Calyceraceae Campanulaceae (incl. ...

Compared to Monocotyledons

Aside from cotyledon number, other broad differences have been noted between monocots and dicots, although these have proven to be differences primarily between monocots and eudicots. Many early-diverging dicot groups have "monocot" characteristics such as scattered vascular bundles, trimerous flowers, and non-tricolpate pollen. In addition, some monocots have "dicot" characteristics such as reticulated leaf veins. In the APG-system, the names eudicots or tricolpates are applied to a monophyletic group that includes most of the (former) dicotyledons. ...


Seeds: The embryo of the monocot has one cotyledon while the embryo of the dicot has two. cotyledon in formation before the accumulation of the reserves seen at Judas-tree (Cercis siliquastrum) Comparison of a monocot and dicot sprouting A cotyledon (Greek: κοτυληδών) is a significant part of the embryo within the seed of a plant. ...


Flowers: The flower parts in monocots are multiples of three while in dicots are multiples of four or five.


Stems: In monocots, the stem vascular bundles are scattered, while in dicots they are in a ring. Stem showing internode and nodes plus leaf petiole and new stem rising from node. ... Cross section of celery stalk, showing vascular bundles, which include both phloem and xylem. ... Scattered is a famous rave party based in Sydney, Australia. ...


Secondary growth: In monocots, stems rarely show secondary growth; in dicots, stems frequently have secondary growth.


Pollen: In monocots, pollen has one furrow or pore while in dicots they have three. fur·row Pronunciation: f&r-()O, f&-()rO Function: noun Etymology: Middle English furgh, forow, from Old English furh; akin to Old High German furuh furrow, Latin porca 1 a : a trench in the earth made by a plow b : plowed land : FIELD 2 : something that resembles the track of... Stoma of a leaf under a microscope. ...


Roots: The roots are adventitious in monocots, while in dicots they develop from the radicle. Adventitious, in botany, refers to structures that develop in an unusual place, and in medicine, it refers to conditions acquired after birth. ... In botany, the radicle is the first part of a seedling (a growing plant embryo) to emerge from the seed during germination. ...


Leaves: In monocots, the major leaf veins are parallel, while in dicots they are reticulated. In biology, a vein is a blood vessel which carries blood toward the heart. ... Parallel is a term in geometry and in everyday life that refers to a property in Euclidean space of two or more lines or planes, or a combination of these. ...

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Magnoliopsida

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Dicotyledon Family Key - Edible Sierra Nevada Plants - Backcountry Rangers (3002 words)
Dicotyledon Family Key - Edible Sierra Nevada Plants - Backcountry Rangers
I have taken extreme care in providing accurate information in these keys, however, there is always the possibility of errors.
These keys have been made possible by the support of Norman F. Weeden and his permission to use the dichotomous keys in his book "A Sierra Nevada Flora".
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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