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Encyclopedia > Dick Turpin
A 19th century illustration of Dick Turpin
A 19th century illustration of Dick Turpin

Richard (Dick) Turpin (born September 21, 1705 in Hempstead, Essex – died April 7, 1739 in York) was a legendary English rogue and the most famous historical highwayman. In life Richard Turpin was a violent man who committed offences such as deer stealing, burglary, highway robbery and probably murder before being executed in York. After his death, as "Dick" Turpin, he became the subject of legend, and was romanticised as the dashing and heroic highwayman in English ballads and popular theatre of the 18th and 19th century and later in film and television of the 20th century. There is considerable divergence between the history and legend of Turpin. Cover of Network DVD release of Dick Turpin TV series Dick Turpin was a British television series shown from 1979 to 1982, created by Richard Carpenter and and written by Carpenter, Charles Crichton, John Kane and Paul Wheeler. ... Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Dick Turpin riding on Black Bess, from a Victorian era toy theatre. ... Dick Turpin riding on Black Bess, from a Victorian era toy theatre. ... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events Construction begins on Blenheim Palace, in Oxfordshire, England. ... Hempstead is the name of some places in the United States of America: Hempstead County, Arkansas Hempstead, New York, the name of both a village and a town New Hempstead, New York Hempstead, Texas There are also a number of places named Hampstead in the world. ... For other meanings of Essex, see Essex (disambiguation). ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... // About the number 1739 1739 is the smallest integer that can be written as sum of three perfect cubes, in two ways. ... For other uses, see York (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Folk image of a mounted highwayman Highwayman was a term used particularly in Britain during the 17th and 18th centuries to describe robbers who targeted people traveling by stagecoach and other modes of transport along public highways. ... For other uses, see York (disambiguation). ... Folk image of a mounted highwayman Highwayman was a term used particularly in Britain during the 17th and 18th centuries to describe robbers who targeted people traveling by stagecoach and other modes of transport along public highways. ... A ballad is a story in song, usually a narrative song or poem. ... Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ...

Contents

Early life

Dick Turpin's is typical of how the legend of Turpin and his actual life diverge. In the legend of Dick Turpin it is said that he was born at the Spaniards Inn near Hampstead (parish of Finchley), and that he was a bright and intelligent boy who was taught by the village postmaster and schoolmaster, James Smith, to ride a horse and read and write. But parish records and notes made during Turpin's trial relate that he was baptised 21 September 1706 in Essex having been born at the Blue Bell inn Hempstead (sometime since the Rose and Crown) where his father was the licensee. (see Oxford Dictionary of National Biography) The Spaniards Inn lies on Hampstead Lane on the way from Hampstead to Highgate and on the edge of Hampstead Heath. ... For other places with the same name, see Hampstead (disambiguation). ... , Finchley is a place in the London Borough of Barnet, London, England. ... For other meanings of Essex, see Essex (disambiguation). ... Hempstead is the name of some places in the United States of America: Hempstead County, Arkansas Hempstead, New York, the name of both a village and a town New Hempstead, New York Hempstead, Texas There are also a number of places named Hampstead in the world. ...


Legend has it that Turpin's father was acquainted with smugglers who worked off the coast of East Anglia, as times were hard and the price of ale had been rising. Although ale purchased from the smugglers may have been cheaper, its trade was illegal. Thus Dick Turpin may well have been introduced to criminal activities from an early age. Norfolk and Suffolk, the core area of East Anglia. ...


When he was sixteen, Turpin moved south, and was apprenticed to a butcher in the Whitechapel district of London — in those days, only a village on the outskirts of the capital. It was said that during his apprenticeship, he "conducted himself in a loose and disorderly manner." Some have argued that perhaps he was simply in the wrong career, or others that he was simply lazy. Whitechapel is a place in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, United Kingdom. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


Turpin married his childhood sweetheart Elizabeth Millington in 1728 (at the age of 21, by other accounts), and after he finished his apprenticeship they moved north to Buckhurst Hill, Essex (on the modern boundary of Northern London). There Turpin opened his own butcher's shop. , Buckhurst Hill is a suburban town in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ...


Beginning of criminal activities

Rather than rely on legitimate suppliers for his stock-in-trade, Turpin turned to stealing sheep, lambs, and cattle, which was so serious a criminal offence it was punishable by death. Scholars and historians are divided as to what caused Turpin to engage in crime in the first place. Some claim it was out of financial necessity; whilst others believe, through studying Turpin's later actions, that his notorious deeds were done through a sense of thrill-seeking. Others believe he was simply too greedy to pay for legitimate stock, and/or too lazy to earn an honest living, and thus a simple brigand. For other senses of this word, see outlaw (disambiguation). ...


The life of a fugitive

Turpin was caught stealing two oxen, and was forced to flee the area and leave his wife and business behind. With customs officers in hot pursuit, Turpin had the common sense not to stay in a tavern or inn, where he could have been found easily. Turpin fled into the depths of the Essex countryside and lived rough and wild. For a time he lived in caves along the coast of East Anglia, and supported himself by robbing the smugglers who operated there — perhaps the same characters he had met earlier in life.


Eventually he moved on again, this time hiding in Epping Forest (which was larger and far more verdant than it is today, and often used by royalty to hunt deer). Epping Forest is an area of ancient woodland in south-east England, straddling the border between north-east Greater London and Essex. ...


In with the Gregory Gang

Turpin fell in with the Gregory Gang (also known as the Essex gang). They were a group of around twenty bandits, who operated from secret hideouts in Epping Forest. Epping Forest is an area of ancient woodland in south-east England, straddling the border between north-east Greater London and Essex. ...


The Gregory Gang were notorious around Essex and London. They bravely, or perhaps foolishly, stole and killed royal game which had been set aside by the gamekeepers for the King's own hunts (see poaching). If caught doing this, they would surely face the gallows, or maybe even face the Hanging, drawing and quartering method of execution. This is because it was considered high treason, as poaching the King's own deer was considered as bad as stealing the Crown Jewels. For other uses, see Poaching (disambiguation). ... These gallows in Tombstone Courthouse State Historic Park are maintained by Arizona State Parks. ... Seventeenth century print of the execution, by hanging, drawing and quartering, of the members of the Gunpowder plot. ... {{main|Treason}} High treason, broadly defined, is an action which is grossly disloyal to ones country or sovereign. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


The three ringleaders of the Gregory Gang were brothers after whom the gang was named: Samuel, Jasper and Jeremy Gregory. The other gangmembers include Thomas Hadfield, Thomas Barnfield, Thomas Rowden, Mary Brazier, John Fielder, Herbert Haines, John Jones, James Parkinson, Joseph Rose, Ned Rust, William Saunders, Humphry Walker, and John Wheeler. There may have been other members who were either not identified or who were only occasional associates of the Gang.


The gang was not limited to mere poaching. They attempted an armed robbery at a gentleman's house at Woodford, Essex, but the inhabitants of the village drove the rogues off without their being able to accomplish anything. The gang appeared unfazed by this. In March 1735, Turpin, along with the Gregory brothers attacked the Henry Howard, 13th Earl of Suffolk Earl of Suffolk's servant in Epping Forest and took from him his horse valued at £80 (this in a time where horses were a more valued commodity than gold). A few weeks later, Sir Caesar Child was attacked in the Forest by the gang who fired at the coachman without bidding him to stand, and shot off the tip of his nose. They robbed him of £25. Allegedly, all these acts were orchestrated by Turpin, although this is not confirmed.


It is certain that Turpin learned a lot from the gang.


As Turpin joined them, the Gregory Gang were entering a particularly violent phase of their criminal career. They had begun to specialise in forced entry into (usually isolated) houses around the Home Counties, and terrorising the occupants to make them reveal the whereabouts of hidden valuables. The phrase Home Counties is used to designate the group of English counties which border or surround London. ...


By 1735, the London Evening Post regularly reported the exploits of Turpin and 'The Essex Gang' and the King had offered a reward of £50 for their capture. The London Evening Post was an English newspaper published from 1727 until 1797. ...


The Loughton incident

18th century illustration of the Loughton incident, and Dirk Turpin threatening to put a woman on the fire, from The Newgate Calendar.
18th century illustration of the Loughton incident, and Dirk Turpin threatening to put a woman on the fire, from The Newgate Calendar.

On 8 February 1735 Read's Weekly Journal reported one such attack: 'On Saturday night last, about seven o'clock, five rogues entered the house of Widow Shelley at Loughton in Essex, having pistols, and threatened to murder the old lady, if she would not tell them where her money lay, which she obstinately refusing for some time, they threatened to lay her across the fire, if she did not instantly tell them, which she would not do. But her son being in the room, and threatened to be murdered, cried out, he would tell them, if they would not murder his mother, and did, whereupon they went upstairs, and took near £100, a silver tankard, and other plate, and all manner of household goods. They afterwards went into the cellar and drank several bottles of ale and wine, and broiled some meat, ate the relicts of a filet of veal. While they were doing this, two of their gang went to Mr Turkles, a farmer, who rents one end of the widow's house, and robbed him of above £20, and then they all went off, taking two of the farmer's horses, to carry off their luggage, the horses were found on Sunday the following morning in Old Street, and stayed about three hours in the house.' Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image of child-murderer Thomas Hunter from the Newgate Calendar. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events April 16 - The London premiere of Alcina by George Frideric Handel, his first the first Italian opera for the Royal Opera House at Covent Garden. ...


This particular raid took place on 1 February 1735 and widow Shelley's house was in Traps Hill, Loughton. It was reported the gang had made away with £700, a huge amount of money in those days. It is the best surviving account of the Gregory Gang's activities. The Loughton Incident was also their last ever criminal activity as a gang. is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events April 16 - The London premiere of Alcina by George Frideric Handel, his first the first Italian opera for the Royal Opera House at Covent Garden. ... For other places with the same name, see Loughton (disambiguation). ...


Although the newspaper report does not specifically mention Turpin, it seems highly likely that he was a member of the gang on this occasion. Turpin often carried out his robberies in the company of a man named Thomas Rowden (formerly a metal-worker, now outlawed) and a report at the time states that Rowden was involved in the robbery at Loughton. A more recent author has written that the crime was conceived, planned and scouted by Turpin but no evidence is given for this.


Turpin's joining the gang would prove a bad omen for them.


Shortly after the Loughton incident, constables worked hard to track them down, and did so not long after. The Gregory Gang were tracked down and surprised by police officers whilst the criminals were living up the good life with their spoils in a tavern in Westminster. Turpin managed to escape by jumping out of a window, but the three ringleaders of the gang were not so lucky — they were caught and hanged at the gallows as common thieves. Westminster is a district within the City of Westminster in London. ...


Thomas Hadfield, one of Turpin's closest friends within the gang, escaped with Turpin through the tavern window, but refused to continue with criminal activity. The other gang members rapidly dispersed also, and didn't bother to regroup in the forest. They had either had enough, or were too scared of the hangman. This was the end of the Gregory Gang.


The birth of Dick Turpin the highwayman

Upon the breakup of the Gregory Gang, and the capture and execution of others, the only gang members left still indulging in criminal behaviour were Turpin himself and the raucous Thomas Rowden. The duo changed their tactics from robbing isolated farmhouses to robbing stagecoaches passing through Epping Forest, which they found to be considerably easier for two men instead of a gang. At last, Turpin had become what he was destined to become — a highwayman.


Soon they had carried out hundreds of highway robberies on the outskirts of London, and Turpin got lots of experience of this type of crime. Turpin, being organised, cunning and cautious, was soon operating by himself.


The ultimate fate of Thomas Rowden is unknown, although it is believed that his lack of subtlety and discretion led him to get caught and subsequently hanged, but not before he put a curse on his name stating that any child named Thomas within his family would subsequently die.


Partnership with Tom King

Turpins Cave public house, situated just below High Beech in Epping Forest. It was on the site of a large cave, all or part of which was visible when the photograph was taken in the 60's (a housing development has since been built over it). Whether Turpin actually used this cave is a matter of conjecture.
Turpins Cave public house, situated just below High Beech in Epping Forest. It was on the site of a large cave, all or part of which was visible when the photograph was taken in the 60's (a housing development has since been built over it). Whether Turpin actually used this cave is a matter of conjecture.

Later Turpin went into partnership with Tom King, "the Gentleman Highwayman", who at that time was just as famous as Turpin himself, although a less well known highwayman than Turpin today. "Captain King", as he was sometimes called, was said to have had better manners, and was said to be more dashing than Turpin, and being flattering to his victims was a deliberate tactic of his. King was the kind of swashbuckling, devil-may-care character into which legend would later transform Turpin. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Tom King (born ? - died circa 1737) was an English highwayman who opererated in the Essex and London areas. ...


Turpin and King met on the road one night when the former attempted to rob the latter. King responded with the words: "What is this; dog eat dog?"


The two joined forces and it proved to be a highly successful partnership (unlike Turpin's previous short-lived partnership with Thomas Rowden). The pair established a hide-out at the remains of an Iron Age fort, now known as Loughton Camp. Iron Age Axe found on Gotland This article is about the archaeological period known as the Iron Age, for the mythological Iron Age see Iron Age (mythology). ...


From one particular cave in Epping Forest, they could watch a road without being seen, and robbed virtually anyone who passed along it. Even local peddlars started to carry weapons for protection. By late 1737, Turpin had achieved such notoriety that another bounty of £100 was placed on his head - a reward which was to transform him from a common footpad into a murderer. Events 12 February — The San Carlo, the oldest working opera house in Europe, is inaugurated. ...


Turpin becomes a murderer

Numerous acts of murder are attributed to Dick Turpin, although it is not clear which ones were actually committed by him and which weren't, due to centuries of embellishment. There is of course no doubt he did commit murder, but the questions are; how many times did he commit murder; who were his victims; and where did Turpin's murders take place? Historians have debated these questions for centuries.


Turpin's first kill was probably a man named Thomas Morris[citation needed], whom he killed on 4 May 1735. Morris was a servant of Henry Thomson, one of the keepers of Epping Forest, and during a routine walkabout of the forest Morris accidentally came across Turpin at Fairmead Bottom, near Loughton. Morris tried to apprehend him (there was a big reward for Turpin's capture at the time) but was immediately shot by Turpin. is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events April 16 - The London premiere of Alcina by George Frideric Handel, his first the first Italian opera for the Royal Opera House at Covent Garden. ...


Once again Turpin took to his heels, only this time with a far greater crime on his hands than theft. Despite the high risk of capture, Turpin visited his estranged wife who was now living in Hertford, possibly suspecting (accurately, as it turned out) that he would never see her again. Turpin was indeed nearly caught and only very narrowly avoided capture at this point. Hertford (standard pronunciations /hɑtֽfəd/ and /hɑֽfəd/; local pronunciation /[h]ɑːʔֽfəd/) is the county town of Hertfordshire, England, and is in the East Hertfordshire district of that county. ...


Black Bess

Turpin's next exploit was nothing less than bizarre. One night, while on the road to London (on the way to meet with King), he took a fancy to a particularly fine and splendid black horse ridden by a man called Major and forced him to exchange it for his own jaded mount. Mr. Major didn't really have a choice, as he had a musket pointed at him.


Turpin named his new pride 'Black Bess'. Mr. Major didn't take the loss lying down. His horse was a rare thoroughbred and one of the finest, quickest and most magnificent beasts in all the land. Dick Turpin had now a very fine horse and a determined enemy. For the processor with the same codename , see Athlon. ...


The death of the "gentleman highwayman"

A furious Mr. Major issued handbills around the pubs of London, describing his magnificent black steed and naming Turpin as the thief. The horse was traced to the Red Lion pub in Whitechapel, where Turpin had stabled it. When Tom King came to collect the horse for his companion, he was recognised and arrested. Whitechapel is a place in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, United Kingdom. ...


Turpin, who had been waiting nearby, rode toward the constables holding King and fired at them. King broke free, and he joined his friend. By all accounts the ensuing gun fight was hellish and chaotic. At one point, it appeared as though the pair of highwaymen were winning the gunfight against the constables. However, ironically, in a heated moment of extreme panic and confusion, Turpin shot King — not realising it was him. Shocked at what he had done, and believing his companion dead, Turpin fled the scene on Black Bess.


It is known that King, as he lay dying from his gunshot wound, informed the surviving constables of the locations of his hideouts in Epping forest. Exactly why he did we will never know, and so this is open to interpretation — perhaps he was not in control of what he was saying due to his mortal injury, or perhaps he was deliberately trying to trap Turpin so that he would get caught in revenge for inflicting his injury. Luckily for Turpin, he was wise, intelligent and savvy enough not to return to the Epping forest hideouts, where constables were in wait. Turpin's highwayman days were over.


The legendary ride to York

Dick Turpin is probably the most legendary highwayman of all time, and his rapid flight from London to York is perhaps the most famous part of this legend. Mention the name of Turpin to most people, and they will tell you he was a daring and dashing rogue who famously rode this trip of two hundred miles on his faithful mare, Black Bess, in less than fifteen hours. In so doing, Turpin actually got to York before news of his misdemeanors in London. Tests on horses that specialise in endurance events have shown that this would have been totally impossible [1] For other uses, see York (disambiguation). ...


Various inns that still stand along the original route of the A1 (at the time called the Great North Road, the main road connecting the north of England to the south), such as the Roebuck Inn, Stevenage, claim that Turpin ate his lunch there that night, or stopped off there for a brief respite for his horse. If he had really stopped at every inn that makes such claims then he wouldn't have had time to ride anywhere. This page is about the A1 road in Great Britain. ... There are several Great North Roads: Great North Road, Australia, a historical road leading from Sydney to the Hunter Valley Great North Road, New Zealand, a road leading from Auckland to Hamilton Great North Road, Zambia, a road running north from Lusaka Great North Road, an alternate name for the... For other uses see Stevenage (disambiguation) Stevenage is a town and district in Hertfordshire, England. ...


Harrison Ainsworth, in his famous 1834 romance Rookwood, immortalised this with a spirited account of this wonderful ride by Dick Turpin on his mare, and it is in this connection that Turpin's name has been generally remembered. Harrison William Ainsworth (1805 - 1882) was an English historical novelist. ...


However, historians have frequently argued that Turpin never actually made this speedy journey, and that, as far as Turpin is concerned, the incident is pure fiction. They argue that such a ride was really made by John Nevison, known as "Swift Nick", born and raised at Wortley village near Sheffield and a well-known highwayman in the time of Charles II some 50 years before Turpin, who to establish an alibi rode from Gad's Hill (near Rochester, Kent) to York (some 190 miles) in about 15 hours. John Nevison (1639 – 4 May 1684) (also known as William Nevison) was one of Britains most notorious highwaymen, a gentleman-rogue supposedly nicknamed Swift Nick by King Charles II after a renowned dash from Kent to York (often wrongly attributed to Dick Turpin, though there are suggestions that the... Swift Nick (1639-4 May 1684), real name John Nevison (also known as William Nevison) was one of Britains most notorious highwaymen, a gentleman-rogue supposedly nicknamed Swift Nick by King Charles II after a renowned dash from Kent to York (often wrongly attributed to Dick Turpin, though there... Wortley is a village in the Metropolitan borough of Barnsley, South Yorkshire, England. ... For other uses, see Sheffield (disambiguation). ... Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. ... , Rochester is a town in Kent, England, at the lowest bridging point of the River Medway about 30 miles (50 km) from London. ... For other uses, see York (disambiguation). ...


Besides, it is well known that Turpin first rode into Lincolnshire following the Whitechapel skirmish, and that he then subsequently moved over the Humber into the Yorkshire town of Brough near Hull, before eventually making his first visit to York. For other places with the same name, see Lincolnshire (disambiguation). ... River Hull tidal barrier. ... Yorkshire is a historic county of northern England. ... Brough is a town in the East Riding of Yorkshire, located on the Northern bank of the River Humber, approximatetly 10 miles West from Hull city centre. ... Hull or Kingston upon Hull is a British city situated on the north bank of the Humber estuary. ...


Life as 'John Palmer'

Turpin took up a new life in the North of England, setting up bases in Lincolnshire and Yorkshire, where he would be largely, or indeed wholly, unknown. He bought a large set of barns and stables just outside Corby with his ill-gotten gains and — going under the assumed identity 'John Palmer' — posed as a large-scale yet legitimate horse dealer. Outwardly, he was a wealthy and respectable member of the community. For other places with the same name, see Lincolnshire (disambiguation). ... Yorkshire is a historic county of northern England. ... Legitimacy is the popular acceptance of a governing regime or law. ...


Turpin didn't know anything about horse breeding, or selling on the horse market. Accordingly, Turpin was resolved once again to theft. Little did his customers know that the horses he was selling were actually stolen from other horse owners in the two very counties he was operating in (mostly acquired during raiding incursions into Lincolnshire, as he was residing in Yorkshire). In some cases, Turpin would steal the horses from farms or enclosures or stables, wait a few months, and then sell them back onto the victim without their knowing. A risky business, but Turpin got away with it for a while, and made a small fortune too.


Final capture

At some point in early 1739, 'Palmer' returned from a hunt to his lodgings in the Ferry Inn, at Brough[2], 12 miles (20 km) from Hull, about 37 miles (60 km) from York. He was frustrated due to the fact he was empty-handed, and probably drunk. Brough is a town in the East Riding of Yorkshire, located on the Northern bank of the River Humber, approximatetly 10 miles West from Hull city centre. ...


He was bound over to keep the peace after he took the fancy to shoot his landlord's gamecock in the street and then threatened to shoot a bystander who took exception to the act. 'Palmer' had no money on his person and accordingly was unable to provide sureties so that he would be released, and was committed to the House of Correction.


As he was taken into custody, local authorities made enquiries as to how exactly 'Mr. Palmer' made his money, and inevitably the constables learned of several outstanding complaints made against 'John Palmer' for sheep and horse stealing in Lincolnshire.


Turpin was transferred to the dungeons of York's Debtors' Prison (now part of the York Castle Museum). From his cell, Turpin wrote to the sibling of his estranged wife (his brother-in-law) who still resided at Hempstead in Essex, Turpin's real birthplace. The letter was a plea for help; requesting his brother-in-law to 'procure an evidence from London that could give me a character that would go a great way towards my being acquitted' i.e. provide him with an alibi. Hempstead is the name of some places in the United States of America: Hempstead County, Arkansas Hempstead, New York, the name of both a village and a town New Hempstead, New York Hempstead, Texas There are also a number of places named Hampstead in the world. ... For alibi used in the sense of a legal defense, see the Wiktionary entry Alibi. ...


The plan might have worked, but it backfired. In those days, postage was payable by the recipient of a letter, not the poster. Turpin's brother-in-law refused to pay the sixpence postage demanded, for what (he reckoned) was probably the 18th century equivalent of junk mail, and as such the letter was not delivered to him. This unpaid sixpence would prove the price of Turpin's life. Categories: Stub | Direct marketing | Promotion and marketing communications | Marketing ...


The unread letter then naturally fell into the hands of John Smith, as the village postmaster (Smith was also the village schoolmaster, who had taught Turpin to read and write). Smith recognised the handwriting of his former pupil immediately and travelled to York to consult with the magistrate and identify Palmer as Turpin. Smith, his former friend and mentor, collected a £200 reward for identifying the notorious highwayman to the authorities.


Execution and burial

Ironically, Turpin was never convicted of being a highwayman or a murderer. He was convicted of being a horse-rustler, something which we may today consider far less serious. However, unfortunately for Turpin, in those days horse-rustling was considered a crime so serious it was punishable by death. On 22 March 1739, 'John Palmer alias Richard Turpin' was convicted at the Grand Jury House in York of two indictments of horse-rustling. is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // About the number 1739 1739 is the smallest integer that can be written as sum of three perfect cubes, in two ways. ...


Pleas from his father to have the sentence commuted to Penal transportation fell on deaf ears. His father had been cleared a few days earlier at the Essex assizes of horse-stealing, one of Turpin's stolen horses having been found at his alehouse. For other uses see Transport (disambiguation) or Transportation (disambiguation). ...


Between his sentence and execution, visitors frequented Turpin's cell as though he were something of a celebrity. He was resolved to meet his death with dignity and calm. He spent the last of his money, in which he bought new clothes and shoes and hired five mourners for 10 shillings each.


On 7 April 1739, Dick Turpin rode through the streets of York in an open cart, being theatrical and bowing to the gawking crowds. At York Knavesmire (now the racecourse) he climbed the ladder to the scaffold and then sat for half an hour addressing the crowd in the manner of an entertainer, chatting to the guards and the executioner. April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... // About the number 1739 1739 is the smallest integer that can be written as sum of three perfect cubes, in two ways. ... The Knavesmire is one of a number of large, marshy undeveloped areas within the city of York, England. ...


Ironically, the hangman was Thomas Hadfield, once Turpin's friend and a former Gregory Gang member (he had been pardoned because he had agreed to be the hangman). This article is about death by hanging. ...


An account in the York Courant 7 April 1739 of Turpin's execution, notes his brashness even at the end, "with undaunted courage looked about him, and after speaking a few words to the topsman, he threw himself off the ladder and expired in about five minutes." Thus in death at least, Turpin attained some of the gallantry that had eluded him in life. April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... // About the number 1739 1739 is the smallest integer that can be written as sum of three perfect cubes, in two ways. ...


And so, despite the fame of his hanging, Turpin's death was technically a suicide. He was said to have been buried in the churchyard of St George's Church, York. However, a short time after the burial his body was dug up and stolen by body-snatchers working for anatomists, but it appears to have been subsequently recovered and reburied in the same place, this time with the addition of quicklime to destroy the remains rapidly. A headstone in the churchyard commemorates him, but is not at the precise location, which remains undiscovered. // St Georges Roman Catholic Church York To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


In popular culture

  • Turpin appears in Harrison Ainsworth's romantic novel Rookwood, published in 1834. It describes Turpin making the ride to York. Historians argue that such a ride was really made by John Nevison, known as "Swift Nick" some 50 years before Turpin.
  • During a football match between Scottish clubs Motherwell and Kilmarnock on 18th August 2007, Kilmarnock's Rhian Dodds scored a winning goal in the 90th minute. The stadium announcer, believing the win to be undeserved, credited the goal to 'Dick Turpin'
  • Many Public Houses across the contry recall tales of Turpin having drunk there. Only one pub remaining today can claim the stories to be true, The Ferry Inn of Brough, East Yorkshire. According to Sharpe, this is based on fact rather than legend.[3]
  • In 1964, Walt Disney made a Technicolor feature film in England entitled The Legend of Young Dick Turpin, starring David Weston as Dick Turpin and William Franklyn as Tom King, with Bernard Lee as the leader of a den of thieves and Maurice Denham as a stable owner who betrays Turpin to the authorities. The film, made to be shown on the Disney programme on US television, but given cinema release in Europe during 1965, was a fast-paced and entertaining interpretation of the legend and bore little resemblance to the actual historical facts. Ron Grainer, Norman Newell and Robert Westerby wrote a theme song for it entitled The Ballad of Dick Turpin, sung over the opening and end titles by Val Doonican and the lyrics of which explained the legend rather than the facts of the Turpin story. In this version of the tale, Turpin is a young farmer in Essex who falls foul of the local squire (played by Roger Booth), who, because Turpin is unable to pay a heavy fine unjustly imposed on him, seizes Turpin's farm and land and horse (Black Bess), causing Turpin to steal back his horse and go on the run as an outlaw with a price on his head. He eventually meets up with Tom King and becomes a highwayman. At the end of the film, having been helped to escape from Newgate Prison in London by two friends (played by George Cole and a young Leonard Whiting) who have also arranged for him a passage to America on a ship, Turpin narrowly misses his rendezvous with the ship, which sails without him and, with the law hot on his heels, he sets out on his famous ride to York on Black Bess. British cinema audiences got to see this film before the Americans, as it wasn't shown on US television until February, 1966.
  • A popular 1970s British children's television series, Dick Turpin, starred Richard O'Sullivan as a fictionalised Turpin and Michael Deeks as his sidekick Swiftnick. [1]. The show was made by London Weekend Television for the ITV network (It is also noted for a memorable error in one scene where Turpin is riding his horse down a lane only for telegraph poles and wires to be clearly visible in the background)
  • In the book Swan Song, by Brian Stableford (part of the Hooded Swan series of books) the character Sam Parks was nicknamed Turpin because he'd always had a desire to be a space pirate. Over the course of the book they make a few other references to the story of Dick Turpin.
  • In 1995 in an episode of Coogan's Run titles "The Curator," Steeve Coogan plays the curator of a small museum in the fictional town of Ottle, which features possible artifacts from Turpin. The museum's a failure, and is shut down to accommodate a steakhouse called Turp Inn.

Harrison William Ainsworth (1805 - 1882) was an English historical novelist. ... For the British television series, see Dick Turpin (TV series). ... John Nevison (1639 – 4 May 1684) (also known as William Nevison) was one of Britains most notorious highwaymen, a gentleman-rogue supposedly nicknamed Swift Nick by King Charles II after a renowned dash from Kent to York (often wrongly attributed to Dick Turpin, though there are suggestions that the... Motherwell Football Club is a Scottish football club based in Motherwell, North Lanarkshire. ... Kilmarnock Football Club is a Scottish football team based in the town of Kilmarnock, Ayrshire. ... Rhian Dodds is a talented young man with an excellent understanding of the game. ... William Leo Franklyn (22 September 1925 – 31 October 2006) was a British actor, perhaps best known for voicing the Schhh. ... Tom King (born ? - died circa 1737) was an English highwayman who opererated in the Essex and London areas. ... Bernard Lee as M in The Man with the Golden Gun Bernard Lee (January 10, 1908 – January 16, 1981) was a British actor, best known for his role as M in the first eleven James Bond films. ... Maurice Denham (born as William Maurice Denham on December 23, 1909 at Beckenham, Kent; died July 24, 2002) was an English character actor who appeared in over 100 television programmes and films throughout his long career. ... Ron Grainer (August 11, 1922 - February 21, 1981) was an Australian-born composer who worked for most of his professional career in the United Kingdom. ... Norman Newell (January 25, 1919 – December 1, 2004), OBE was a successful British record producer in the 1950s and 1960s , as well as the co-writer of many notable songs. ... Val Doonican (born Michael Valentine Doonican, 3 February 1927, in Waterford, Irish Free State)[1] is an Irish singer and performer. ... Newgate, the old city gate and prison. ... George Cole as Arthur Daley in Minder (book cover) George Cole (born April 22, 1925 in Tooting, London, England) is a British actor. ... Leonard Whiting (born June 30, 1950 in London, England) is a British actor who starred as Romeo in the 1968 Zeffirelli film version of Romeo and Juliet opposite Olivia Husseys Juliet. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... Cover of Network DVD release of Dick Turpin TV series Dick Turpin was a British television series shown from 1979 to 1982, created by Richard Carpenter and and written by Carpenter, Charles Crichton, John Kane and Paul Wheeler. ... OSullivan with Paula Wilcox in Man About the House Richard OSullivan (born May 7, 1944 in Chiswick, Middlesex) is an English actor, supertstar, genius and legend, notable for his sitcom roles in the 1970s and 1980s. ... For other uses, see Sidekick (disambiguation). ... LWT redirects here. ... For other uses, see ITV (disambiguation). ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... The Carry On films were a long-running series of British low-budget comedy films, directed by Gerald Thomas and produced by Peter Rogers. ... Carry On Dick was the 26th Carry On film. ... Sid James Sid James (8 May 1913–26 April 1976) was a film and television actor. ... Barbara Ann Deeks MBE (born 6 August 1937), better known as Barbara Windsor, sometimes known as Babs Windsor, is an English actress. ... Josephine Edwina Jacques (7 February 1922 – 6 October 1980), better known by the stage name Hattie Jacques, (pronounced Jakes) was a British comedy actress born in Sandgate, Kent. ... Peter Butterworth (February 4, 1919 - January 16, 1979) was an English comic actor who appeared in sixteen of the Carry On films. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Bernard Bresslaw (born Stepney, London, February 25, 1934 - Enfield, June 11, 1993) was an English actor who was trained at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art. ... The word rector (ruler, from the Latin regere) has a number of different meanings, but all of them indicate someone who is in charge of something. ... The Reverend Doctor Christopher Syn is the smuggler hero of a series of novels by Russell Thorndike. ... Terence David John Pratchett, OBE (born 28 April 1948) is a British fantasy and science fiction author, best known for his Discworld series. ... Neil Richard Gaiman (IPA: ) (born November 10, 1960[2]) is an English author of science fiction and fantasy short stories and novels, graphic novels, comics, and films. ... Good Omens: The Nice and Accurate Prophecies of Agnes Nutter, Witch (1990) is a fantasy novel written in collaboration between Terry Pratchett and Neil Gaiman. ... Colin Meloy in Atlanta, Georgia Colin Meloy in Brussels (2006) Colin Patrick Henry Meloy (born October 5, 1974) is the lead singer and songwriter for the Portland, Oregon, folk-rock band The Decemberists. ... The Decemberists are a five-piece indie pop band from Portland, Oregon, fronted by singer/songwriter Colin Meloy . ... Colin Meloy Sings Shirley Collins is the tour-only EP by Colin Meloy, lead singer of The Decemberists. ... Woodrow Wilson Guthrie (July 14, 1912–October 3, 1967) was a prolific American songwriter and folk musician. ... For other uses, see Robin Hood (disambiguation). ... Stephen William Bragg (born December 20, 1957 in Essex, England), better known as Billy Bragg, is an English musician who blends elements of folk music, punk rock and protest songs. ... This article is about the music group. ... Cover of Mermaid Avenue (1998) Mermaid Avenue is a 1998 album of previously unheard lyrics written by American folk singer Woody Guthrie, put to music written and performed by British singer Billy Bragg and the American band Wilco. ... Brian Stableford (born July 25, 1948) is a British science fiction writer who has published more than 50 novels. ... The Hooded Swan Series (or Star Pilot Grainger Series) is a series of science fiction novels by Brian Stableford in the early 1970s, starting with The Halcyon Drift. ... The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford is a 2007 Western drama film adapted from Ron Hansens 1983 novel of the same name. ... For other persons named Jesse James, see Jesse James (disambiguation). ... Yvette Fielding (born 23 September 1968, Stockport, England) is a popular British television presenter. ... Derek Acorah (also known as The Big Daddy) is the stage name of Derek Johnson (born January 27, 1950). ... Living is a British television channel owned by Virgin Media Television. ... Most Haunted Live! is a spin-off of the reality TV show Most Haunted and, likewise, is produced by Antix Productions. ... Coogans Run was a 1995 UK TV series featuring Steve Coogan as a series of odd characters living in the fictional town of Ottle. ...

References

  1. ^ Revealed: The Real Dick Turpin, shown on Channel 5, UK, 4 September 2007
  2. ^ Dick Turpin: The Myth of the English Highwayman (2004), James Sharpe. ISBN 1-86197-418-3
  3. ^ Dick Turpin: The Myth of the English Highwayman (2004), James Sharpe. ISBN 1-86197-418-3

is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...

Further reading

  • Dick Turpin: The Myth of the English Highwayman (2004), James Sharpe. ISBN 1-86197-418-3

External links

  • 'The Real Dick Turpin'
  • Review of Sharpe's book referenced above, from the London Review of Books]
  • York Castle Museum - Visit Dick Turpin's Condemned Cell
  • Pictures of Turpin's Grave in St George's Church Graveyard, York.
  • search for Dick Turpin at the Internet Movie Database
The London Review of Books (or LRB) is a twice-monthly British literary magazine. ... For the in-memory database management system, see In-memory database. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Dick Turpin @ Y2U.co.uk (3447 words)
Richard 'Dick' Turpin was born on September 21, 1705, in the Old Post Cottage of the small village of Hempstead, near the town of Saffron Walden, in a rural part of Essex.
Turpin was subsequently discovered in his stealing of cattle when one day he was caught in the act of stealing two oxen, and was forced to flee the area and leave his wife and business behind.
Turpin's brother-in-law refused to pay the sixpence postage demanded, for what (he reckoned) was probably the 18th century equivalent of spam junk mail, and as such the letter was not delivered to him.
Dick Turpin : Infamous Highway Robber : Biography (4270 words)
After his death, as “Dick” Turpin, he became the subject of legend, romanticised in English ballads and popular theatre of the 18th and 19th century, and later in film and television of the 20th century, as the dashing and heroic highwayman.
In the legend of Dick Turpin it is said that he was born at the Spaniards Inn near Hampstead (parish of Finchley), and that he was a bright and intelligent boy who was taught by the village postmaster and schoolmaster, James Smith, to ride a horse and read and write.
Turpin often carried out his robberies in the company of a man named Thomas Rowden (formerly a metal-worker, now outlawed) and a report at the time states that Rowden was involved in the robbery at Loughton.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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