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Encyclopedia > Dick Cheney
Richard Bruce Cheney
Dick Cheney

Incumbent
Assumed office 
January 20, 2001
President George W. Bush
Preceded by Albert Gore, Jr.
Succeeded by Incumbent

In office
March 21, 1989 – January 20, 1993
President George H. W. Bush
Preceded by Frank Carlucci
Succeeded by Les Aspin

19th United States Representative from Wyoming's At-Large Congressional District
In office
January 3, 1979 – March 20, 1989
Preceded by Teno Roncalio
Succeeded by Craig Thomas

In office
November 21, 1975 – 1977
Preceded by Donald Rumsfeld
Succeeded by Hamilton Jordan

Born January 30, 1941 (age 66)
Lincoln, Nebraska Flag of United States
Political party Republican
Spouse Lynne Cheney
Religion Methodist

Richard Bruce "Dick" Cheney (born January 30, 1941), is the 46th and current Vice President of the United States, serving under President George W. Bush. Previously, he served as White House Chief of Staff, member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Wyoming, and Secretary of Defense. In the private sector, he was the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Halliburton Energy Services; he is still a major stockholder. On June 29, 2002, he briefly assumed the powers and duties of the presidency as Acting President when Mr. Bush underwent a medical exam involving anesthetics. Image File history File links Dick Cheney, Vice President of the United States. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The Vice President of the United States is the first in the presidential line of... The incumbent, in politics, is the current holder of a political office. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Albert Arnold Gore, Jr. ... The incumbent, in politics, is the current holder of a political office. ... The United States Secretary of Defense is the head of the United States Department of Defense (DoD), concerned with the armed services and The role of the Secretary of Defense is to be the principal defense policy advisor to the President and is responsible for the formulation of general defense... March 21 is the 80th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (81st in leap years). ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... George Herbert Walker Bush GCB (born June 12, 1924) was the 41st President of the United States of America serving from 1989 to 1993. ... Frank Carlucci Frank Charles Carlucci III (born October 18, 1930) was a government official in the United States, associated with the Republican Party. ... Leslie Les Aspin, Jr. ... These are tables of members from Wyoming of the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... All of the U.S. state of Wyoming is fully within one at large Congressional District making it the third largest in the nation. ... January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by the Smashing Pumpkins, see 1979 (song). ... March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in leap years). ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Former U.S. Rep. ... Craig Lyle Thomas (born February 17, 1933) is a United States Senator from Wyoming. ... Joshua B. Bolten, the current White House Chief of Staff. ... November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... Donald Henry Rumsfeld (born July 9, 1932) is a U.S. politician and businessman, who was the 13th Secretary of Defense under President Gerald Ford from 1975–1977, and the 21st Secretary of Defense under President George W. Bush from 2001–2006. ... William Hamilton McWhorter Jordan (September 21, 1944) served as White House Chief of Staff in 1979 - 1980 and was a key advisor and strategist for President Jimmy Carter of the United States of America. ... January 30 is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Nickname: Star City Location in Nebraska Coordinates: Country   State     County United States   Nebraska     Lancaster Founded[1]   Renamed   Incorporated 1856   July 29, 1867   April 1, 1869 Government  - Mayor Coleen Seng Area  - City 195. ... Official language(s) English Capital Lincoln Largest city Omaha Largest metro area Omaha Area  Ranked 16th  - Total 77,421 sq mi (200,520 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 0. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Democratic Party. ... Lynne Ann Vincent Cheney (born August 14, 1941) is a novelist, conservative scholar, and former talk-show host who is the wife of Vice President Richard B. Cheney. ... This article is about the current denomination africa. ... January 30 is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The Vice President of the United States is the first in the presidential line of... The presidential seal was first used in 1880 by President Rutherford B. Hayes and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii The President of the United States of America is the head of state and head of government of the United States. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Joshua B. Bolten, the current White House Chief of Staff. ... Seal of the House of Representatives The United States House of Representatives (or simply the House) is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress, the other being the Senate. ... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ... The United States Secretary of Defense is the head of the United States Department of Defense (DoD), concerned with the armed services and The role of the Secretary of Defense is to be the principal defense policy advisor to the President and is responsible for the formulation of general defense... The private sector of a nations economy consists of all that is outside the state. ... A Chairman is the presiding officer of a meeting, organization, committee, or other deliberative body. ... A Chief Executive Officer (CEO), or Chief Executive, is the highest-ranking corporate officer, administrator, corporate administrator, executive, or executive officer, in charge of total management of a corporation, company, organization or agency. ... Halliburton Energy Services (NYSE: HAL) is a multinational corporation with operations in over 120 countries. ... A shareholder or stockholder is an individual or company (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a joint stock company. ... June 29 is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 185 days remaining. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Acting President of the United States is a temporary office in the government of the United States, established under the auspices of the Constitution of the United States, particularly its 25th Amendment (ratified in 1967). ... Anesthesia or anaesthesia (see spelling differences) has traditionally meant the condition of having the perception of pain and other sensations blocked. ...


Although his last name is very often pronounced ['tʃeɪni] (chAYnee), the Vice President himself and his family pronounce it as ['tʃi:ni] (chEEnee).[1] A family name, or surname, is that part of a persons name that indicates to what family he or she belongs. ...

Contents

Early life and family

Cheney was born in Lincoln, Nebraska, to Richard Herbert Cheney and Marjorie Lorraine Dickey. He attended Calvert Elementary School[2][3] before his family moved to Casper, Wyoming,[4] where he attended Natrona County High School. His father was a soil conservation agent for the U.S. Department of Agriculture. He has a brother and a sister. He attended Yale University but transferred to the University of Wyoming where he earned both a B.A. and M.A. in political science.[4][5] Nickname: Star City Location in Nebraska Coordinates: Country   State     County United States   Nebraska     Lancaster Founded[1]   Renamed   Incorporated 1856   July 29, 1867   April 1, 1869 Government  - Mayor Coleen Seng Area  - City 195. ... Official language(s) English Capital Lincoln Largest city Omaha Largest metro area Omaha Area  Ranked 16th  - Total 77,421 sq mi (200,520 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 0. ... Calvert Elementary School is one of 36 public primary schools in the Lincoln Public Schools school district of Lincoln, Nebraska, USA. It contains a computer lab, band room, gymnasium, library, and cafeteria (which doubles as an intramural event center). ... Downtown Casper Casper is a city located in Natrona County, Wyoming. ... Natrona County High School is a public secondary institution (grades 10-12) located in Casper, Wyoming and serves Natrona County School District #1. ... The United States Department of Agriculture (also called the Agriculture Department, or USDA) is a United States Federal Executive Department (or Cabinet Department). ... The University of Wyoming is a land-grant university located in Laramie, Wyoming, situated on Wyomings high plains, at an elevation of 7,200 feet (2194 m), between the Laramie and Medicine Bow mountain ranges. ... A Bachelor of Arts (B.A. or A.B.) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or program in the arts and/or sciences. ... MA or ma may stand for: ma, a two-letter English word meaning Mother Ma, transliteration of Chinese family name 馬,马,麻 etc. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Political Science is the field concerning the theory and practice of politics and the description and analysis of political systems and political behaviour. ...


In 1964, he married Lynne Vincent, his high-school sweetheart, whom he had met at age fourteen. Mrs. Cheney served as Chair of the National Endowment for the Humanities from 1986 to 1996. She is now a public speaker, author, and a senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute. 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... Lynne Ann Vincent Cheney (born August 14, 1941) is a novelist, conservative scholar, and former talk-show host who is the wife of Vice President Richard B. Cheney. ... The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) is an independent federal agency of the United States established by the National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities Act of 1965 (Pub. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... The American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research (AEI) is a conservative think tank, founded in 1943, whose stated mission is to defend the principles and improve the institutions of American freedom and democratic capitalism — limited government, private enterprise, individual liberty and responsibility, vigilant and effective defense and foreign policies...


Cheney has two children, Elizabeth and Mary, and five grandchildren. Elizabeth, his eldest daughter, is married to Philip J. Perry, General Counsel of the Department of Homeland Security. Mary is one of her father's top campaign aides and closest confidantes; she currently lives in Great Falls, Virginia. Her sexual orientation as a lesbian has become a source of increasing public attention for Dick Cheney in light of the same-sex marriage debate and Ms. Cheney's pregnancy. On August 25, 2004, Cheney said that same sex marriage is an issue that should be decided by individual states.[6] Elizabeth Cheney (born July 28, 1966), an American attorney and diplomat. ... Mary Claire Cheney (born March 14, 1969) is the second daughter of Dick Cheney, the Vice President of the United States, and his wife, Lynne Cheney. ... The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS), commonly known as Homeland Security, is a Cabinet department of the Federal Government of the United States with the responsibility of protecting the territory of the United States from terrorist attacks and responding to natural disasters. ... Great Falls is the name of several places in the United States of America: Great Falls, Montana Great Falls, South Carolina Great Falls, Virginia it can also refer to: The Great Falls of the Missouri River in Montana The Great Falls of the Passaic River in New Jersey This is... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  Ranked 35th  - Total 42,793 sq mi (110,862 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 7. ... Sexual orientation refers to the direction of an individuals sexuality, normally conceived of as falling into several significant categories based around the sex or gender that the individual finds attractive. ... A lesbian is a woman who is romantically and sexually attracted only to other women. ... Same-sex marriage is a term for a governmentally, socially, or religiously recognized marriage in which two people of the same sex live together as a family. ... “Matrimony” redirects here. ... August 25 is the 237th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (238th in leap years), with 128 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Cheney attends the United Methodist Church. This article is about the current denomination africa. ...


Cheney and the draft

Cheney was of military age and a supporter of the Vietnam War but he did not serve in the war, applying for and receiving five draft deferments. In an interview with George C. Wilson that appeared in the April 5, 1989 issue of The Washington Post, when asked about his deferments the future Defense Secretary said, "I had other priorities in the '60s than military service."[7] In January 1959 Mr. Cheney reached age 18 and was classified as 1-A — available for service. At that time, however, the military was taking only older men, and like most others who were in college at the time (Cheney was at Yale) he had little concern about being drafted. In June 1962, Cheney left Yale to return home to Casper, where he worked as a lineman for a power company before enrolling at the University of Wyoming. In 1962, only 82,060 men were inducted into the service, the fewest since 1949. While Cheney was eligible for the draft, as he said during his confirmation hearings in 1989, he was not called up because the Selective Service System was taking only older men. Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... The United States has employed conscription (mandatory military service, also called the draft) several times, usually during war but also during the nominal peace of the Cold War. ... April 5 is the 95th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (96th in leap years). ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States. ... The Selective Service System is the means by which the United States administers military conscription. ...


By January 1963, with the US actively advising South Vietnamese forces, Cheney enrolled in Casper Community College and turned 22 that month. At that time, he sought his first student deferment which was granted on March 20, according to records from the Selective Service System. After transferring to the University of Wyoming at Laramie, Cheney sought his second student deferment on July 23, 1963. On August 7, 1964, Congress approved the Gulf of Tonkin resolution, which allowed President Lyndon B. Johnson to use military force in Vietnam. From that point on, American involvement in Vietnam began to escalate rapidly. March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in leap years). ... The University of Wyoming is a land-grant university located in Laramie, Wyoming, situated on Wyomings high plains, at an elevation of 7,200 feet (2194 m), between the Laramie and Medicine Bow mountain ranges. ... July 23 is the 204th day (205th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 161 days remaining. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... August 7 is the 219th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (220th in leap years), with 146 days remaining. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... The Gulf of Tonkin is located to the south of China. ... “LBJ” redirects here. ...


On August 29, 1964, 22 days after the resolution, Cheney married his high school sweetheart, Lynne. He sought and was granted his third student deferment on October 14, 1964. In May 1965, Cheney graduated from college and his draft status changed to 1-A. Since he was married, however, he had somewhat better protection from being drafted. In July 1965, Johnson announced that he was doubling the number of men drafted. The number of inductions soared, to 382,010 in 1966 from 230,991 in 1965 and 112,386 in 1964. Cheney obtained his fourth deferment because he started graduate school at the University of Wyoming on November 1, 1965. August 29 is the 241st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (242nd in leap years), with 124 days remaining. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... October 14 is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ...


On October 6, 1965, the Selective Service lifted its ban against drafting married men who had no children. On January 19, 1966, when his wife was about 10 weeks pregnant, Mr. Cheney applied for 3-A status, the "hardship" exemption, which excluded men with children or dependent parents. It was granted. In January 1967, Cheney turned 26 and was no longer eligible for the draft.[8] October 6 is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years). ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ...


Political career

Early White House appointments

Cheney at the White House with another member of the Ford administration, September 1976.
Cheney at the White House with another member of the Ford administration, September 1976.

Dick Cheney's political career began in 1969, as an intern during the Nixon administration. The intern Cheney then joined the staff of Donald Rumsfeld, who was then Director of the Office of Economic Opportunity from 1969–70. He held a number of positions in the years that followed: White House staff assistant in 1971, assistant director of the Cost of Living Council from 1971–73, and Deputy Assistant to the President from 1974–1975. From 1973–1974, Cheney worked in the private sector as vice president of Bradley, Woods, and Company, an investment firm.[9] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3480x2928, 1399 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Dick Cheney ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3480x2928, 1399 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Dick Cheney ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... Donald Henry Rumsfeld (born July 9, 1932) is a U.S. politician and businessman, who was the 13th Secretary of Defense under President Gerald Ford from 1975–1977, and the 21st Secretary of Defense under President George W. Bush from 2001–2006. ... The Office of Economic Opportunity was the agency responsible for administering most of the War on Poverty programs created during United States President Lyndon B. Johnsons Administration. ...

White House Chief of Staff Cheney (right) and Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld (left) meet with President Ford at the White House, April 1975.

Under President Gerald Ford, Cheney worked as Assistant to the President. Rumsfeld first oversaw Ford's White House "transition team" and then later became Ford's Chief of Staff. In what was later termed by political insiders as the "Halloween Massacre", Cheney and Rumsfeld began consolidating political power by replacing or re-assigning high-ranking government officials. An article in Rolling Stone later summed up the changes as, "Having turned Ford into their instrument, Rumsfeld and Cheney staged a palace coup. They pushed Ford to fire Defense Secretary James Schlesinger, tell Vice President Nelson Rockefeller to look for another job and remove Henry Kissinger from his post as National Security Advisor. Rumsfeld was named Secretary of Defense, and Cheney became chief of staff to the president."[10] In addition, Cheney and Rumsfeld successfully pushed for William Colby to be replaced by George H. W. Bush as the Director of the CIA, forging what would become a long-term relationship with the future president. Image File history File links Ford_meets_with_Rumsfeld_and_Cheney,_April_28,_1975. ... Image File history File links Ford_meets_with_Rumsfeld_and_Cheney,_April_28,_1975. ... Donald Henry Rumsfeld (born July 9, 1932) is a U.S. politician and businessman, who was the 13th Secretary of Defense under President Gerald Ford from 1975–1977, and the 21st Secretary of Defense under President George W. Bush from 2001–2006. ... Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. ... The term Chief of Staff can refer to: The White House Chief of Staff, the highest-ranking member of the Executive Office of the President of the United States. ... The Halloween Massacre (November 4, 1975) was the term given by political commentators to U.S. President Gerald R. Fords reorganization of his Cabinet. ... This article is about the magazine. ... James Rodney Schlesinger (born 15 February 1929) was United States Secretary of Defense from 1973 to 1974 under presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford. ... Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller (July 8, 1908 – January 26, 1979) was an American Vice President, governor of New York State, philanthropist and businessman. ... Henry Alfred Kissinger (born Heinz Alfred Kissinger on May 27, 1923 in Fürth) is a German-born American diplomat, and 1973 Nobel Peace Prize laureate. ... The Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs, commonly referred to as the National Security Advisor, serves as the chief advisor to the President of the United States on national security issues. ... The United States Secretary of Defense is the head of the United States Department of Defense, concerned with the armed services and The Secretary is a member of the Presidents Cabinet. ... Joshua B. Bolten, the current White House Chief of Staff. ... William Egan Colby (January 4, 1920 – April 27, 1996) became Director of Central Intelligence on September 4, 1973, after James R. Schlesinger. ... George Herbert Walker Bush GCB (born June 12, 1924) was the 41st President of the United States of America serving from 1989 to 1993. ... ...


Cheney was campaign manager for Ford's 1976 presidential campaign, while James Baker served as campaign chairman. Presidential electoral votes by state. ... James Addison Baker III (born 28 April 1930 in Houston, Texas) served as the Chief of Staff in President Ronald Reagans first administration, United States Secretary of the Treasury from 1985 to 1988 in the second Reagan administration, and Secretary of State in the administration of President George H...


Congress

The Dick Cheney Federal Building in Casper, Wyoming.
The Dick Cheney Federal Building in Casper, Wyoming.

In 1978, Cheney was elected to represent Wyoming in the U.S. House of Representatives to replace resigning Congressman Teno Roncalio, defeating his Democrat opponent, Bill Bailey. He was Chairman of the Republican Policy Committee from 1981 to 1987 when he was elected Chairman of the House Republican Conference. The following year, he was elected House Minority Whip. Cheney was reelected five times, serving until 1989. Download high resolution version (879x602, 117 KB) The Dick Cheney Federal Building in Casper, Wyoming. ... Download high resolution version (879x602, 117 KB) The Dick Cheney Federal Building in Casper, Wyoming. ... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ... Seal of the House of Representatives The United States House of Representatives (or simply the House) is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress, the other being the Senate. ... Former U.S. Rep. ... Mark Bill Bailey (born 24 February 1964, Bath, Somerset) is an English comedian, actor, and musician known for appearing on Never Mind the Buzzcocks, QI: Quite Interesting and Black Books as well as his stand up comedy. ... The House Republican Conference, sometimes known as the House Republican Leadership Conference, is an organization for Republicans in the United States House of Representatives. ... The Minority Whip is a member of the minority party in the U.S. House of Representatives who assists the Minority Leader in coordinating the party caucus in its responses to legislation and other matters. ...


Among the many votes he cast during his tenure in the House, he voted in 1979 with the majority against making Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s birthday a national holiday, and again voted with the majority in 1983 when the measure passed. Martin Luther King, Jr. ...


He voted against the creation of the U.S. Department of Education, citing his concern over budget deficits and expansion of the federal government. He also claimed the department was an encroachment on states' rights.[11] The Lyndon Baines Johnson Department of Education Building[1]) , ED headquarters in Washington, DC A construction project to repair and update the building facade at the Department of Education Headquarters building in 2002 resulted in the installation of structures at all of the entrances to protect employees and visitors from...


He also voted against funding Head Start. As a vice presidential candidate in 2000, he reversed his position.[12] Head Start is a program of the United States Department of Health and Human Services that focuses on assisting children from low-income families. ...


In 1986, after President Reagan vetoed a bill to impose economic sanctions against South Africa for its official policy of apartheid, Cheney was one of 83 Representatives who voted against overriding the veto. In later years, Cheney articulated his opposition to "unilateral sanctions," against many different countries, stating "they almost never work."[13] He also opposed unilateral sanctions against communist Cuba, and later in his career he would support multilateral sanctions against Iraq. However the comparison to Cuba is not exactly apt, as the European Community had voted to place limited sanctions upon South Africa in 1986. Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981 – 1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967 – 1975). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ...


In 1986, Cheney, along with 145 Republicans and 31 Democrats, voted against a nonbinding Congressional resolution calling on the South African government to release Nelson Mandela from prison, after the majority Democrats defeated proposed amendments to the language that would have required Mandela to renounce violence sponsored by the ANC and requiring the ANC to oust the Communist faction from leadership. The resolution was defeated. Appearing on CNN during the Presidential campaign in 2000, Cheney addressed criticism for this, saying he opposed the resolution because the ANC "at the time was viewed as a terrorist organization and had a number of interests that were fundamentally inimical to the United States."[14] Mandela redirects here. ... For political parties with similar names in other countries, see Northern Rhodesian African National Congress and Zambian African National Congress. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ...


As a Wyoming representative, he was also known for his vigorous advocacy of the state's petroleum and coal businesses. The federal building in Casper, a regional center of the oil and coal business, was named the "Dick Cheney Federal Building." Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Lubbock, Texas Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... Downtown Casper Casper is a city located in Natrona County, Wyoming. ...

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2401x3000, 1449 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Dick Cheney ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2401x3000, 1449 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Dick Cheney ... The United States Secretary of Defense is the head of the United States Department of Defense (DoD), concerned with the armed services and The role of the Secretary of Defense is to be the principal defense policy advisor to the President and is responsible for the formulation of general defense...

House Minority Whip

In December 1988, the House Republicans elected Cheney to the second spot in the leadership, but he only served two and a half months, as he was appointed Secretary of Defense (see below) to replace former Texas Senator John G. Tower, whose nomination had been rejected by the Senate in March of 1989. John Goodwin Tower (September 29, 1925 – April 5, 1991) was a conservative Republican United States Senator from Houston, Texas. ...


Secretary of Defense

Cheney served as the Secretary of Defense from March 1989 to January 1993 under President George H. W. Bush. He directed the United States invasion of Panama and Operation Desert Storm in the Middle East. In 1991 he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom for "preserving America's defenses at a time of great change around the world."[15] The United States Secretary of Defense is the head of the United States Department of Defense (DoD), concerned with the armed services and The role of the Secretary of Defense is to be the principal defense policy advisor to the President and is responsible for the formulation of general defense... George Herbert Walker Bush GCB (born June 12, 1924) was the 41st President of the United States of America serving from 1989 to 1993. ... Combatants United States Panama Commanders Carl W. Stiner Manuel Noriega Strength 27,684+ 16,000+ Casualties 24 Dead, 325 Wounded 450 Military, 514-4,000 Civilian Rangers from Charlie Company, 3rd Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment prepare to take La Comandancia in the El Chorrillo neighborhood of Panama City, December 1989. ... Combatants U.S.-led coalition Iraq Commanders George H. W. Bush, Norman Schwarzkopf, Colin Powell Saddam Hussein, Ali Hassan Al-Majid, Hussein Kamel Strength 660,000 ~545,000 Casualties 345 dead, 1,000 wounded 25,000 - 100,000 dead, 100,000 - 300,000 wounded The 1991 Gulf War (also Persian... The Presidential Medal of Freedom The Presidential Medal of Freedom is one of the two highest civilian awards in the United States and is bestowed by the President of the United States (the other major civilian award which is considered its equivalent is the Congressional Gold Medal of Honor, which...


Early tenure

Cheney generally focused on external matters and delegated most internal Pentagon management details to Deputy Secretary of Defense Donald J. Atwood, Jr. He worked closely with Pete Williams, assistant secretary of defense for public affairs, and Paul Wolfowitz, under secretary of defense for policy. For chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff he selected General Colin Powell, who assumed the post on October 1, 1989. Many of Cheney's major decisions resulted from the almost daily meetings he had in the Pentagon with Powell and Atwood. Pete Williams as Assistant Secretary of Defense at a press briefing, 1991. ... Paul Dundes Wolfowitz (b. ... Joint Chiefs of Staff of the United States of America symbol The Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) is a grouping comprising the Chiefs of service of each major branch of the armed services in the United States armed forces. ... General Colin Luther Powell, United States Army (Ret. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Cheney met regularly with Bush and other top-level members of the administration, including Secretary of State James Baker, national security adviser Brent Scowcroft, White House Chief of Staff John H. Sununu, and General Powell. Occasionally Bush consulted with Cheney on matters unrelated to defense, such as White House organization and management. When not at the White House, Cheney was often on Capitol Hill. He understood how Congress, and more particularly the legislative process, operated, and he used this knowledge and experience to avoid the kind of difficulties Caspar Weinberger had encountered with Congress. In general Cheney got along well with Congress and with the Department of Defense's main oversight committees in the House and the Senate, though he suffered disappointments and frustrations. James Addison Baker III (born 28 April 1930 in Houston, Texas) served as the Chief of Staff in President Ronald Reagans first administration, United States Secretary of the Treasury from 1985 to 1988 in the second Reagan administration, and Secretary of State in the administration of President George H... Lieutenant General Brent Scowcroft KBE (born March 19, 1925 in Ogden, Utah), USAF (Ret. ... Governor John H. Sununu John Henry Sununu, PhD (born July 2, 1939) is a former Governor of New Hampshire (1983-89) and former White House Chief of Staff under President George H. W. Bush. ... Capitol Hill is the name of a district in the following cities: Capitol Hill, Denver, Colorado Capitol Hill, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Capitol Hill, Seattle, Washington Capitol Hill, Washington, DC It is also a common nickname for the United States Congress and the politicians who serve it (e. ... Caspar Willard Cap Weinberger, GBE (August 18, 1917 – March 28, 2006), was an American politician and Secretary of Defense under President Ronald Reagan from January 21, 1981, until November 23, 1987, making him the third longest-serving defense secretary to date, after Robert McNamara and Donald Rumsfeld. ...


Political climate and agenda

Although some of the usual turf battles between the State and Defense Departments continued during his term, Cheney and Secretary of State Baker were old friends and avoided the acrimony that sometimes occurred between the two departments during the Weinberger period. On the important problem of arms control, Cheney and Powell tried to reach consensus on Department of Defense's position in order to deal more effectively with the State Department. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Cheney worried about the dangers of nuclear proliferation and effective control of nuclear weapons from the Soviet nuclear arsenal that had come under the control of newly independent republics — Belarus, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan — as well as in Russia itself. Cheney warned about the possibility that other nations, such as Iraq, Iran, and North Korea, would acquire nuclear components after the Soviet collapse. He supported the initiatives that Bush and Russian President Boris Yeltsin took in 1991 and 1992 to cut back the production and deployment of nuclear weapons and to move toward new arms control agreements. The rise of Gorbachev Although reform stalled between 1964–1982, the generational shift gave new momentum for reform. ... World map with nuclear weapons development status represented by color. ... “Yeltsin” redirects here. ...


The end of the Cold War, the fall of the Soviet Union, and the disintegration of the Warsaw Pact obliged the Bush administration to reevaluate NATO's purpose and makeup. How to restructure the alliance and modify its strategy to reflect changes in the military situation posed major questions for Cheney. He believed that NATO had to remain the foundation of European security relationships and that it would continue to be important to the United States in the long term. At the last NATO meeting he attended, in Brussels in December 1992, Cheney said that the alliance needed to lend more assistance to the new democracies in Eastern Europe and eventually offer them membership in NATO. Central and Eastern Europe, he told his NATO colleagues, presented the most threatening potential security problems in the years ahead. The current problem, rather than East versus West, was East and West versus instability. For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... Unofficial Seal of the Warsaw Pact Distinguish from the Warsaw Convention, which is an agreement about airlines financial liability and the Treaty of Warsaw (1970) between West Germany and the Peoples Republic of Poland. ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague. ... Nickname: The Capital Of Europe, Comic City City of a 100 Museums[] Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 979 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989  - Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area    - City 162 (Region) km²  (62. ... Regions of Europe as delineated by the United Nations[1] (UN definition of Eastern Europe marked salmon):  Northern Europe  Western Europe  Eastern Europe  Southern Europe Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current national boundaries: Russia (dark orange), other countries of the former USSR...


Cheney's views on NATO reflected his skepticism about prospects for peaceful evolution in the former Soviet areas. He saw high potential for uncertainty and instability, and he felt that the Bush administration was too optimistic in supporting Mikhail Gorbachev and his successor, Boris Yeltsin. Cheney believed that as the United States downsized its military forces, reduced its troops in Europe, and moved forward with arms control, it needed to keep a watchful eye on Russia and other successor states of the Soviet Union.


Budgetary practices

The Department of Defense budget faced Cheney with his most immediate and pressing problem when he came to the Pentagon. President Bush had already said publicly that the proposed FY 1990 Defense budget of more than $300 billion had to be cut immediately by $6.3 billion, and soon after Cheney began work the president increased the amount to $10 billion.[citation needed] Cheney recognized the necessity of cutting the budget and downsizing the military establishment, but he favored a cautious approach. In making decisions on the FY 1990 budget, the secretary had to confront the wish list of each of the services. The Air Force wanted to buy 312 B-2 stealth bombers at over $500 million each; the Marine Corps wanted 12 V-22 Osprey tilt-rotor helicopters, $136 million each; the Army wanted some $240 million in FY 1990 to move toward production of the LHX, a new reconnaissance and attack helicopter, to cost $33 billion eventually; and the Navy wanted 5 Aegis guided-missile destroyers, at a cost of $3.6 billion. A policy on ballistic missiles also posed a difficult choice. One option was to build 50 more MX missiles to join the 50 already on hand, at a cost of about $10 billion. A decision had to be made on how to base the MX—whether on railroad cars or in some other mode. Another option was to build 500 single-warhead Midgetman missiles, still in the development stage, at an estimated cost of $24 billion.[citation needed] The Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit is a multi-role stealth bomber able to drop conventional and nuclear weapons. ... The V-22 Osprey is a joint service, multi-mission military aircraft with vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) capability. ... LHX Attack Chopper is a 1990 war helicopter PC simulation game by Electronic Arts. ... USS Lake Champlain, a Ticonderoga-class Aegis guided missile cruiser, launched in 1987. ... Test launch of Peacekeeper ICBM from Vandenberg AFB, CA (USAF) The LG-118A Peacekeeper is a land-based ICBM deployed by the United States starting in 1986. ... A Midgetman test launch The MGM-134 Midgetman, also known as the SICBM (see below), was an intercontinental ballistic missile developed by the United States of America. ...


In April, Cheney recommended to Bush that the United States move ahead to deploy the 50 MXs and discontinue the Midgetman project. While not unalterably opposed to the Midgetman, Cheney questioned how to pay for it in a time of shrinking defense budgets. Cheney's plan encountered opposition both inside the administration and in Congress. Bush decided not to take Cheney's advice; he said he would seek funding to put the MXs on railroad cars by the mid-1990s and to develop the Midgetman, with a goal of 250 to 500.[citation needed]

Secretary of Defense Cheney delivering a speech before the launch of a new destroyer.
Secretary of Defense Cheney delivering a speech before the launch of a new destroyer.

When Cheney's FY 1990 budget came before Congress in the summer of 1989, the Senate Armed Services Committee made only minor amendments, but the House Armed Services Committee cut the strategic accounts and favored the V-22, F-14D, and other projects not high on Cheney's list. The House and Senate in November 1989 finally settled on a budget somewhere between the preferences of the administration and the House committee. Congress avoided a final decision on the MX/Midgetman issue by authorizing a $1 billion missile modernization account to be apportioned as the president saw fit. Funding for the F-14D was to continue for another year, providing 18 more aircraft in the program. Congress authorized only research funds for the V-22 and cut the Strategic Defense Initiative ("Star Wars") funding more than $1 billion, much to the displeasure of President Bush.[citation needed] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2830x1860, 2706 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Dick Cheney ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2830x1860, 2706 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Dick Cheney ... The Grumman F-14 Tomcat was a United States Navy supersonic, twin-engine, swing-wing, two-seat interceptor. ... The Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), commonly called Star Wars after the popular science fiction movies of the time, was proposed by U.S. President Ronald Reagan on March 23, 1983[1] to use ground-based and space-based systems to protect the United States from attack by strategic nuclear ballistic...


In subsequent years under Cheney the budgets proposed and the final outcomes followed patterns similar to the FY 1990 budget experience. Early in 1991 the secretary unveiled a plan to reduce military strength by the mid-1990s to 1.6 million, compared to 2.2 million when he entered office. In his budget proposal for FY 1993, his last one, Cheney asked for termination of the B-2 program at 20 aircraft, cancellation of the Midgetman, and limitations on advanced cruise missile purchases to those already authorized. When introducing this budget, Cheney complained that Congress had directed Defense to buy weapons it did not want, including the V-22, M-1 tanks, and F-14 and F-16 aircraft, and required it to maintain some unneeded reserve forces. His plan outlined about $50 billion less in budget authority over the next 5 years than the Bush administration had proposed in 1991. Sen. Sam Nunn of the Senate Armed Services Committee said that the 5-year cuts ought to be $85 billion, and Rep. Les Aspin of the House Armed Services Committee put the figure at $91 billion.[citation needed] The M1 Abrams main battle tank is the principal combat tank of the United States Army and the United States Marine Corps, with three main versions being deployed starting in 1980: the M1, M1A1, and M1A2. ... Sailors prepare an F-14 Tomcat for flight on the aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln, in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom (2003). ... The F-16 Fighting Falcon is a modern multi-role jet fighter aircraft built in the United States and used by dozens of countries all over the world. ... Samuel Augustus Nunn, Jr. ... The Committee on Armed Services is a committee of the United States Senate empowered with legislative oversight of the nations military, including the Department of Defense, military research and development, nuclear energy (as pertaining to national security), benefits for members of the military, the Selective Service System and other... Leslie Les Aspin, Jr. ... The U.S. House Committee on Armed Services, commonly known as the House Armed Services Committee, is a standing committee of the United States House of Representatives, the lower house of Congress. ...


Over Cheney's four years as secretary of defense, encompassing budgets for fiscal years 1990-93, the Department of Defense's total obligational authority in current dollars declined from $291.3 billion to $269.9 billion. Except for FY 1991, when the TOA budget increased by 1.7 percent, the Cheney budgets showed negative real growth: -2.9 percent in 1990, -9.8 percent in 1992, and -8.1 percent in 1993. During this same period total military personnel declined by 19.4 percent, from 2.202 million in FY 1989 to 1.776 million in FY 1993. The Army took the largest cut, from 770,000 to 572,000-25.8 percent of its strength. The Air Force declined by 22.3 percent, the Navy by 14 percent, and the Marines by 9.7 percent.[citation needed]


The V-22 question caused friction between Cheney and Congress throughout his tenure. The Department of Defense spent some of the money Congress appropriated to develop the aircraft, but congressional sources accused Cheney, who continued to oppose the Osprey, of violating the law by not moving ahead as Congress had directed. Cheney argued that building and testing the prototype Osprey would cost more than the amount appropriated. In the spring of 1992 several congressional supporters of the V-22 threatened to take Cheney to court over the issue. A little later, in the face of suggestions from congressional Republicans that Cheney's opposition to the Osprey was hurting President Bush's reelection campaign, especially in Texas and Pennsylvania where the aircraft would be built, Cheney relented and suggested spending $1.5 billion in fiscal years 1992 and 1993 to develop it. He made clear that he personally still opposed the Osprey and favored a less costly alternative.[citation needed]


International situations

Panama, controlled by General Manuel Antonio Noriega, the head of the country's military, against whom a U.S. grand jury had entered an indictment for drug trafficking in February 1988, held Cheney's attention almost from the time he took office. Using economic sanctions and political pressure, the United States mounted a campaign to drive Noriega from power. In May 1989 after Guillermo Endara had been duly elected president of Panama, Noriega nullified the election outcome, incurring intensified U.S. pressure on him. In October Noriega succeeded in quelling a military coup, but in December, after his defense forces shot a U.S. serviceman, 24,000 U.S. troops invaded Panama. Within a few days they achieved control and Endara assumed the presidency. U.S. forces arrested Noriega and flew him to Miami where he was held until his trial, which led to his conviction and imprisonment on racketeering and drug trafficking charges in April 1992. Manuel Noriega Date of birth February 11, 1938 Place of birth Panama City, Panama Occupation Career soldier Education Military School de Chorrilos Lima, Peru School of the Americas Panama Remarks Allegedly a participant in the military coup détat to overthrow Arnulfo Arias. ... Guillermo David Endara Galimany (born 12 May 1936 in Panama City) is a Panamanian politician. ...


Cheney took a strong stand against use of U.S. ground troops in the Bosnian War between Serbs, Croats, and Bosniaks that began in April 1992. After the collapse of a collective presidency in Yugoslavia in the early 1990s, the country split into several independent republics, including the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, which declared its independence in March 1992. Whether and how to intervene in Bosnia evoked an emotional debate in the United States, but Cheney left office before any firm decisions were made, and his successors inherited the knotty issue. Combatants Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Predominantly Bosniak) Army of Republika Srpska, Yugoslav Peoples Army, various paramilitary units from Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian) Croatian Defence Council, Croatian Army (Croatian) Commanders Alija Izetbegović (President of Bosnia and Herzegovina) Sefer Halilović (Army chief of staff 1992-1993) Rasim... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in Latin, Југославија in Cyrillic, English: Land of the South Slavs) describes four political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... Motto: none Anthem: Intermeco Capital Sarajevo Largest city Sarajevo Official language(s) Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian Government Presidents Prime Minister Federal republic Sulejman Tihić1 (Bosniak) Borislav Paravac (Serb) Ivo Miro Jović (Croat) Adnan Terzic Independence From Yugoslavia Declared 5 April 1992 Area  - Total    - Water (%)   51,129 km² (124th) 19,741...


In Somalia also, a civil war that began in 1991 claimed the world's attention. In August 1992 the United States began to provide humanitarian assistance, primarily food, through a military airlift. In December, only a month before he left office, at President Bush's direction Cheney dispatched the first of 26,000 U.S. troops to Somalia as part of the Unified Task Force (UNITAF), designed to provide security and food relief. Cheney's successors as secretary of defense, Les Aspin and William J. Perry, had to contend with both the Bosnian and Somali issues. Early History The original settlers of the Somali region were ethnic Cushites from the fertile lakes of southern Ethiopia. ... Leslie Les Aspin, Jr. ... Alternative meaning: William Perry (football) William James Perry (born October 11, 1927) was the U.S. Secretary of Defense under President Bill Clinton from February 3, 1994 to January 23, 1997. ...


Iraq invasion of Kuwait

Secretary of Defense Cheney during a press conference regarding the Gulf War.
Secretary of Defense Cheney during a press conference regarding the Gulf War.

Cheney's biggest challenge came in the Persian Gulf. On August 1, 1990, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein sent invading forces into neighboring Kuwait, a small oil-rich country long claimed by Iraq. An estimated 140,000 Iraqi troops quickly took control of Kuwait City and moved on to the Saudi Arabia/Kuwait border. Cheney regarded Iraq's intrusion into Kuwait as a grave threat to U.S. interests. The United States had already begun to develop contingency plans for defense of Saudi Arabia by the U.S. Central Command, headed by General Norman Schwarzkopf. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2860x1910, 2665 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Dick Cheney ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2860x1910, 2665 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Dick Cheney ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (Arabic: [1]; April 28, 1937[2] – December 30, 2006[3]), was the President of Iraq from July 16, 1979, until April 9, 2003. ... Combatants UN Coalition Republic of Iraq Commanders Norman Schwarzkopf, Peter de la Billière, Khalid bin Sultan, Saleh Al-Muhaya, Mohamed Hussein Tantawi Saddam Hussein Strength 883,863 360,000 Casualties 378 dead, 1,000 wounded 25,000 dead, 75,000 wounded The Gulf War or the Persian Gulf War... Kuwait City Kuwait City (also Al-Kuwait - الكويت), population 32,403 (2005 Census), is the capital of the emirate of Kuwait and part of the Al-Asimah governorate. ... Emblem of the United States Central Command. ... Norman Schwarzkopf can refer to: Herbert Norman Schwarzkopf, Sr. ...


Shortly after the Iraqi invasion, Cheney made the first of several visits to Saudi Arabia and secured King Fahd's permission to bring U.S. troops into his country. The United Nations took action, passing a series of resolutions condemning Iraq's invasion of Kuwait, and eventually demanded that Iraq withdraw its forces by January 15, 1991. By then, the United States had a force of about 500,000 stationed in Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf. Other nations, including Great Britain, Canada, France, Italy, Syria, and Egypt, contributed troops, and other allies, most notably Germany and Japan, agreed to provide financial support for the coalition effort, named Operation Desert Shield. King Fahd of Saudi Arabia King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz (born in Riyadh in 1923) is the king and prime minister of Saudi Arabia and leader of the House of Saud. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... See also: 2003 invasion of Iraq and Gulf War (disambiguation) C Company, 1st Battalion, The Staffordshire Regiment, 1st UK Armoured Division The Persian Gulf War was a conflict between Iraq and a coalition force of 34 nations led by the United States. ...


In the meantime a congressional and public debate developed in the United States about whether to rely on economic sanctions against Iraq or to use military force. Bush in October 1990 settled on military action if Iraq's troops had not left Kuwait by the January 15, 1991 deadline. In November 1990 UN Resolution 678 authorized "all necessary means" to expel Iraq from Kuwait. The debate ended on January 12, 1991, when both houses of Congress agreed to a joint resolution stating that the president was to satisfy Congress that he had exhausted all means to secure Iraq's compliance with UN resolutions on Kuwait before he initiated hostilities. Cheney signed an order, not publicly released at the time, stating that the president would make the determination required by the joint resolution and that offensive operations against Iraq would begin on January 17. January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


As the military buildup in Saudi Arabia (Desert Shield) proceeded in the fall of 1990 and as the UN coalition moved toward military action, Cheney worked closely with General Powell in directing the movement of U.S. personnel, equipment, and supplies to Saudi Arabia. He participated intently with Powell, Schwarzkopf, and others in overseeing planning for the operation. Cheney, according to Powell, "had become a glutton for information, with an appetite we could barely satisfy. He spent hours in the National Military Command Center peppering my staff with questions." When hostilities began in January 1991, Cheney turned most other Department of Defense matters over to Deputy Secretary Atwood. Cheney spent many hours briefing Congress during the air and ground phases of the war.

Secretary of Defense Cheney meeting with Prince Sultan, Minister of Defence and Aviation in Saudi Arabia to discuss how to handle the invasion of Kuwait.
Secretary of Defense Cheney meeting with Prince Sultan, Minister of Defence and Aviation in Saudi Arabia to discuss how to handle the invasion of Kuwait.

In an incident in September 1990 involving General Michael Dugan, who had replaced General Welch as Air Force chief of staff, Cheney again demonstrated the primacy of civilian authority over the military. On a return flight from Saudi Arabia, in discussions with reporters about the Kuwait situation, Dugan was guilty of indiscretions that became public and could not help but invite Cheney's attention. Powell's later recollection of this episode summed up the problem: "Dugan had made the Iraqis look like a pushover; suggested that American commanders were taking their cue from Israel, a perception fatal to the Arab alliance we were trying to forge; suggested political assassination... ; claimed that air power was the only option; and said... that the American people would not support any other administration strategy." Cheney quickly decided to fire Dugan, who had been Air Force chief of staff for less than three months. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2850x1910, 2499 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Dick Cheney ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2850x1910, 2499 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Dick Cheney ... Crown Prince Sultan bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud (Arabic: ) (born January 5, 1928 in Riyadh) is the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, and First Deputy Prime Minister. ... General Michael J. Dugan was Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force. ...


The first phase of Operation Desert Storm, which began on January 17, 1991, was an air offensive to secure air superiority and attack Iraq's forces in Kuwait and Iraq proper. Targets included key Iraqi command and control centers, including Baghdad and Basra. Iraq retaliated by firing Scud missiles against locations in Saudi Arabia and Israel. The United States used Patriot missiles to defend against the Scuds, which were old and unsophisticated, and diverted some aircraft to seek out and bomb the missile sites. The Israeli government wanted to use its own air power to hunt down and destroy Scud launch sites in western Iraq, but U.S. officials, concerned about the effect on the Arab members of the coalition, succeeded in persuading Israel not to intervene. Combatants U.S.-led coalition Iraq Commanders George H. W. Bush, Norman Schwarzkopf, Colin Powell Saddam Hussein, Ali Hassan Al-Majid, Hussein Kamel Strength 660,000 ~545,000 Casualties 345 dead, 1,000 wounded 25,000 - 100,000 dead, 100,000 - 300,000 wounded The 1991 Gulf War (also Persian... January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the comics character Scud, see Scud: The Disposable Assassin. ... Four Patriot missiles like the one shown here can be fired from this mobile launcher between loadings. ...


After an air offensive of more than five weeks, the UN coalition launched the ground war, with the first forces thrusting into Kuwait from Saudi Arabia early in the morning of February 24. Within four days Iraqi forces had been routed from Kuwait and pushed into the interior of Iraq after suffering heavy losses. Although easily defeated, Iraq's army did considerable damage while retreating, including setting fire to many oil wells. By February 27 General Schwarzkopf reported that the basic objective-expelling Iraqi forces from Kuwait-had been met. After consultation with Cheney, Powell, and other members of his national security team, Bush declared a suspension of hostilities effective at midnight on February 27, Washington time. A total of 147 U.S. military personnel died in combat, and another 236 died as a result of accidents or other causes. Iraq agreed to a formal truce on March 3, and a permanent cease-fire on April 6. February 24 is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... February 27 is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... February 27 is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... March 3 is the 62nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (63rd in leap years). ... April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (97th in leap years). ...


Subsequently there was debate about whether the UN coalition should have driven all the way to Baghdad to oust Saddam Hussein from power. Bush and his advisers agreed unanimously on the decision to end the ground war when they did. The UN resolutions on the war limited military action to expelling Iraq from Kuwait. Cheney thought that if the campaign continued, the invading force probably would get bogged down and suffer many casualties.[citation needed] The debate persisted for years after the war as Saddam Hussein remained in power, rebuilt his military forces, resisted full implementation of the cease-fire terms, and periodically threatened Kuwait. Baghdad (Arabic: ‎ ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ...


Appearing on ABC's This Week, Cheney was asked why Operation Desert Storm had not gone "all the way" to remove Saddam Hussein from power. "I think for us to get American military personnel involved in a civil war inside Iraq would literally be a quagmire," Cheney replied. "Once we got to Baghdad, what would we do? Who would we put in power? What kind of government? Would it be a Sunni government, a Shia government, a Kurdish government? Would it be secular, along the lines of the Baath party, would it be fundamentalist Islamic? I do not think the United States wants to have U.S. military forces accept casualties and accept responsibility of trying to govern Iraq. I think it makes no sense at all."[16] Combatants U.S.-led coalition Iraq Commanders George H. W. Bush, Norman Schwarzkopf, Colin Powell Saddam Hussein, Ali Hassan Al-Majid, Hussein Kamel Strength 660,000 ~545,000 Casualties 345 dead, 1,000 wounded 25,000 - 100,000 dead, 100,000 - 300,000 wounded The 1991 Gulf War (also Persian... Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (Arabic: [1]; April 28, 1937[2] – December 30, 2006[3]), was the President of Iraq from July 16, 1979, until April 9, 2003. ... The Military of the United States, officially known as the United States Armed Forces, is structured into five branches consisting of the: United States Army United States Navy United States Marine Corps United States Air Force United States Coast Guard All branches are part of the United States Uniformed Services. ... A civil war is a war in which parties within the same culture, society or nationality fight against each other for the control of political power. ... Quagmire may refer to any of the following: Look up Quagmire in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Baghdad (Arabic: ‎ ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... Shiʻa Islam (Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite) makes up the second largest sect of believers in Islam, constituting about 30%–35% of all Muslim. ... Kurdish may refer to: The Kurdish people The Kurdish language This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This article concerns secularity, that is, being secular, in various senses. ... Baath Party symbol Party flag The Arab Socialist Baath Party (also spelled Bath or Baath; Arabic: حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي Ḥizb al-Ba`ṯ al-`ArabÄ« al-IÅ¡tirāki) was founded in 1947 as a radical, secular Arab nationalist political party. ... Islamic fundamentalism is a religious ideology which advocates literalistic interpretations of the sacred texts of Islam, Sharia law, and an Islamic State. ...


Cheney regarded the Gulf War as the first example of the kind of regional problem the United States was likely to face in the aftermath of the Cold War. He thought the successful campaign validated the broad strategy developed under his direction. A draft Defense Planning Guidance issued early in 1992 envisioned several scenarios in which the United States might have to fight two large regional wars at one time-for example, against Iraq again, against North Korea, or in Europe against a resurgent, expansionist Russia. The Pentagon later modified this document, but it gave some indication of what the Defense Department saw as future threats to the United States. For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... Look up pentagon in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Presidential aspirations in 1994

In 1994, Cheney briefly considered running for the presidency. His fundraising efforts netted a few million dollars and a good organization.[17] According to TIME Magazine, he decided against pursuing his bid due to his reported lack of desire to "pal around with donors."[17] 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... Presidential electoral votes. ... Time (whose trademark is capitalized TIME) is a weekly American newsmagazine, similar to Newsweek and U.S. News & World Report. ...


Private sector career

With Democrats returning to the White House in January 1993, Cheney left the Department of Defense and joined the American Enterprise Institute. From 1995 until 2000, he served as Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Halliburton, a Fortune 500 company and market leader in the energy sector.[citation needed] Under Cheney's tenure, the number of Halliburton subsidiaries in offshore tax havens increased from 9 to 44.[18] As CEO of Halliburton, Cheney lobbied to lift U.S. sanctions against Iran and Libya, saying that unilateral moves to isolate countries damaged U.S. interests.[19] He also sat on the Board of Directors of Procter & Gamble, Union Pacific, and Electronic Data Systems. According to the CBC's the Fifth Estate: Presidential electoral votes by state. ... The American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research (AEI) is a conservative think tank, founded in 1943, whose stated mission is to defend the principles and improve the institutions of American freedom and democratic capitalism — limited government, private enterprise, individual liberty and responsibility, vigilant and effective defense and foreign policies... Halliburton Energy Services (NYSE: HAL) is a multinational corporation with operations in over 120 countries. ... The Fortune 500 is a ranking of the top 500 United States corporations as measured by gross revenue. ... A tax haven is a place where certain taxes are levied at a low rate or not at all. ... Procter & Gamble Co. ... The Union Pacific Railroad (NYSE: UNP) is the largest railroad in the United States. ... Electronic Data Systems (EDS) (NYSE: EDS, LSE: EDC) is a global business and technology services company that defined the outsourcing business when it was established in 1962 by Ross Perot. ... The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), a Canadian crown corporation, is the country’s national public radio and television broadcaster. ... The correct title of this article is the fifth estate. ...

During the election campaign Cheney [told] ABC News, "I had a firm policy that we wouldn’t do anything in Iraq, even arrangements that were supposedly legal." However, during his time as CEO, Halliburton was selling millions of dollars to Iraq in supplies for its oil industry. The deals were done through old subsidiaries of Dresser Industries. It was done under the auspices of the corrupt UN Oil for Food Program.[20]

In 1997, he, along with Donald Rumsfeld and others, founded the "Project for the New American Century," a think tank whose self-stated goal is to "promote American global leadership through military strength." He was also part of the board of advisers of the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs (JINSA) before becoming Vice President. Donald Henry Rumsfeld (born July 9, 1932) is a U.S. politician and businessman, who was the 13th Secretary of Defense under President Gerald Ford from 1975–1977, and the 21st Secretary of Defense under President George W. Bush from 2001–2006. ... The Project for the New American Century (PNAC) is a neo-conservative US think tank based in Washington, DC. Co-founded by William Kristol and Robert Kagan, the group was established in early 1997 as a non-profit organization. ... The Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs (JINSA) is a Washington, D.C.-based non-profit think-tank focusing on issues of United States national security. ...


Cheney appears in a cameo in the 1995 film Die Hard with a Vengeance as a police official.[21] Martin Scorsese appears briefly in an uncredited role in this scene from his feature film Taxi Driver. ... Die Hard with a Vengeance is the third film in the Die Hard series starring Bruce Willis as policeman John McClane, released in 1995. ...


Vice-Presidency

See also: U.S. presidential election, 2000

Presidential electoral votes by state. ...

First and second terms

President George W. Bush's 2007 State of the Union address. Over the President's right shoulder is Cheney; over his left is Nancy Pelosi.
President George W. Bush's 2007 State of the Union address. Over the President's right shoulder is Cheney; over his left is Nancy Pelosi.

In the spring of 2000, while serving as Halliburton's CEO, he headed George W. Bush's Vice-Presidential search committee. After reviewing Cheney's findings, Bush surprised pundits by asking Cheney himself to join the Republican ticket. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (515 × 772 pixel, file size: 138 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Nancy Pelosi 2007... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (515 × 772 pixel, file size: 138 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Nancy Pelosi 2007... 2003 State of the Union address given by U.S. President George W. Bush The State of the Union Address is an annual event in which the President of the United States reports on the status of the country, normally to a joint session of the U.S. Congress (the... Nancy Patricia Pelosi or The Lioness (born Nancy Patricia DAlesandro on March 26, 1940) is currently the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives and is the first woman to hold that position. ...


In the 2000 presidential election, a question was raised by the Democrats as to Cheney's state of residency since he had been living in Texas. A lawsuit was brought in Jones v. Bush attempting to invalidate electoral votes from Texas under the provisions of the Twelfth Amendment, but was rejected by a federal district court in Texas. Presidential electoral votes by state. ... The Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution altered Article II pertaining to presidential elections. ...


After taking office, Cheney quickly earned a reputation as a very "hands-on" Vice President, taking an active role in cabinet meetings and policy formation. He is often described as the most active and powerful Vice President in recent years. Some, like Kenneth Duberstein (Reagan's last Chief of Staff), have likened him to a prime minister because of his powerful position inside the Bush Administration. Bush himself has described the relationship between him and his vice president in the language of corporate governance: the president likened himself to a chief executive officer and Cheney to a chief operating officer.[citation needed] Kenneth M. Duberstein (born April 21, 1944) served as U.S. President Ronald Reagans White House Chief of Staff from 1988 to 1989. ... Joshua B. Bolten, the current White House Chief of Staff. ... A Chief Executive Officer (CEO), or Chief Executive, is the highest-ranking corporate officer, administrator, corporate administrator, executive, or executive officer, in charge of total management of a corporation, company, organization or agency. ... A Chief Operating Officer (COO) is a corporate officer responsible for managing the day-to-day activities of the corporation. ...


As President of the Senate, he has cast seven tie-breaking votes to date, including deciding votes on concurring in the conference reports of the 2004 congressional budget and the Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003. The Vice President of the United States is, ex officio, the President of the United States Senate and votes only to break a tie. ... The Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003 was passed by the United States Congress on May 23, 2003 and signed by President Bush five days later. ...


Cheney directed the National Energy Policy Development Group (NEPDG)[22] commonly known as the Energy task force. Comprised by people in the energy industry, this group included several Enron executives. Because of the subsequent Enron scandal, critics accused the Bush Administration of improper political and business ties. In July 2003, the Supreme Court ruled that the Department of Commerce must make the NEPDG's documents public. The documents included information on companies that had made agreements with Saddam Hussein to develop Iraq's oil. The documents also included maps of oil deposits in Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and the United Arab Emirates. The NEPDG's report contains several chapters, covering topics such as environmental protection, energy efficiency, renewable energy, and energy security. Critics focus on the eighth chapter, "Strengthening Global Alliances,"[23] claiming that this chapter urges military actions to remove strategic, political, and economic obstacles to increased U.S. consumption of oil, while others argue that the report contains no such recommendation.[citations needed] The Energy Task Force is commonly known as the Cheney Energy Task Force after Vice President of the United States of America and former CEO of Halliburton, Dick Cheney. ... Enron Corporation Enron Corporation is an energy trading and communications company based in Houston, Texas that employed around 21,000 people in mid-2001 (before bankruptcy). ... Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (Arabic: [1]; April 28, 1937[2] – December 30, 2006[3]), was the President of Iraq from July 16, 1979, until April 9, 2003. ... In physics and engineering, including mechanical and electrical engineering, energy efficiency is a dimensionless number, with a value between 0 and 1 or with times 100 given in percent. ... World renewable energy in 2005 (except 2004 data for items marked* or **). Enlarge image to read exclusions. ... Energy security, or security of supply, is a key component of energy policy in many countries. ...


Following the uncertainty immediately after the events of September 11, 2001, Cheney and President Bush were kept in physically distant locations for security reasons. For a period Cheney was not seen in public, remaining in an undisclosed location and communicating with the White House via secure video phones. A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... Blue Ridge Summit is a town in southeastern Pennsylvania, located at 39. ... A videophone is a telephone which is capable of both audio and video duplex transmission. ...


On the morning of June 29, 2002, Cheney became only the second man in history to serve as Acting President of the United States under the terms of the 25th Amendment to the Constitution, while President Bush was undergoing a colonoscopy. Cheney acted as President from 11:09 UTC that day until Bush resumed control at 13:24 UTC.[24][25] (See Bush transfer of power.) June 29 is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 185 days remaining. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Acting President of the United States is a temporary office in the government of the United States, established under the auspices of the Constitution of the United States, particularly its 25th Amendment (ratified in 1967). ... Amendment XXV (the Twenty-fifth Amendment) of the United States Constitution clarifies an ambiguous provision of the Constitution regarding succession to the Presidency, and established procedures both for filling a vacancy in the office of the Vice President as well as responding to Presidential disabilities. ... Colonoscopy is the minimally invasive endoscopic examination of the large colon and the distal part of the small bowel with a fiber optic camera on a flexible tube passed through the anus. ... ... The Bush transfer of power occurred on the morning of June 29, 2002, when United States President George W. Bush temporarily transferred the powers of the office to Vice President Dick Cheney. ...


In March 2003 Executive Order 13292 gave the Vice President the power to classify documents. However, the Vice President's ability to de-classify documents exists in a legal grey area and, as of 2006, remains as a point of controversy.[26] To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Both supporters and opponents of Cheney point to his reputation as a very shrewd and knowledgeable politician who knows the functions and intricacies of the federal government. Opponents however accuse him of following policies that indirectly subsidize the oil industry and major campaign contributors and hold that Cheney strongly influenced the decision to use military force in Iraq. Critics state he is the leading proponent within the Bush administration of the right of the United States to use torture as part of the War on Terrorism[27] and has been lobbying Congress to exempt the CIA from Senator John McCain's proposed anti-torture bill.[28] Torture is defined by the United Nations Convention Against Torture as any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as obtaining from him or a third person information or a confession, punishing him for an act he... This article is about U.S. actions after September 11, 2001. ... John Sidney McCain III (born August 29, 1936) is an American Republican politician, currently the senior U.S. Senator from Arizona. ...


One sign of Cheney's active policy-making role is the fact that the Speaker of the House gave him an office near the House floor[29] in addition to his office in the West Wing, his ceremonial office in the Old Executive Office Building, and his Senate offices (one in the Dirksen Senate Office Building and another off the floor of the Senate).[30] Cheney's former chief legal council, David Addington, is currently his chief of staff. The West Wing may refer to several topics: The location of the U.S. Presidents office and offices of his political staff. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... This Washington, DC congressional office building is named for former Senate Minority Leader Everett Dirksen (R-IL). ... David Addington (b. ...


Cheney's critics have commented on what they perceive to be his penchant for excessive secrecy. They cite his unknown whereabouts in the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks, his legal battle to keep the notes of his Energy Task Force meetings private, his silence in the days following his hunting incident, and even his disinclination to disclose who works in his office. "We just don't give out that kind of information," one of his aides told a reporter. "It's just not something we talk about."[31] On February 11, 2006, U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney shot Harry Whittington, a 78-year-old Texas attorney while participating in a quail hunt on a ranch in Kenedy County, Texas. ...


Controversies

DWI arrests

In November 1962 at the age of 21, Cheney was convicted for the first of two offenses of driving while intoxicated (DWI). According to the docket from the Municipal Court in Cheyenne, Wyoming, Cheney was arrested for drunkenness and, "operating a motor vehicle while intoxicated." A Cheyenne Police Judge found Cheney guilty of the two charges. Cheney's driving license was suspended for 30 days and he had to forfeit a $150 bond posted at the time of his arrest. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Location in Wyoming Coordinates: County Laramie County Founded 1867 Government  - Mayor Jack R. Spiker Area  - City 57. ...


Eight months later, in July 1963, Cheney was arrested in Rock Springs, Wyoming and fined $100 for his second DWI conviction. At the time, it was not possible for the authorities in each area to link the two convictions, which would have resulted in the second offense being viewed much more seriously. Since this arrest, Cheney has had no further documented convictions.[32] Rock Springs is a city in Sweetwater County, Wyoming, United States. ...


Cheney discussed his record in a May 7, 2001, interview in The New Yorker. Cheney said that he found himself, "working, building power lines, having been in a couple of scrapes with the law."[33] He said that the arrests made him, "think about where I was and where I was headed. I was headed down a bad road if I continued on that course."[33] May 7 is the 127th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (128th in leap years). ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The New Yorker is an American magazine that publishes reportage, criticism, essays, cartoons, poetry and fiction. ...


Relationship to Halliburton as Vice President

Earlier official photograph of vice president Cheney, circa 2001.
Earlier official photograph of vice president Cheney, circa 2001.

Cheney has a Gift Trust Agreement pursuant to which an Administrative Agent has the right to exercise those options and distribute the proceeds from the sale of the resulting stock to certain charitable organizations.[34][not in citation given] All proceeds of the options will be split between the George Washington University Medical Faculty Associates, Inc. for the benefit of the Cardiothoracic Institute, the University of Wyoming for the benefit of the University of Wyoming Foundation, and Capital Partners for Education for the benefit of low-income high school students in the Washington, D.C. area.[citation needed] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


Cheney resigned as CEO of Halliburton on July 25, 2000, and put all of his corporate shares into a blind trust. As part of his deferred compensation agreements with Halliburton contractually arranged prior to Cheney becoming Vice President, Cheney's public financial disclosure sheets filed with the U.S. Office of Government Ethics showed he received $162,392 in 2002 and $205,298 in 2001.[citation needed] Upon his nomination as a Vice Presidential candidate, Cheney purchased an annuity that would guarantee his deferred payments regardless of the company's performance.[citation needed] He argued that this step removed any conflict of interest. Cheney's net worth, estimated to be between $30 million and $100 million, is largely derived from his post at Halliburton.[35] Halliburton Energy Services (NYSE: HAL) is a multinational corporation with operations in over 120 countries. ... July 25 is the 206th day (207th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 159 days remaining. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Blind trust is a trust in which the executors or those who have been given power of attorney have full discretion over the assets, and the trust beneficiaries have no knowledge of the holdings of the trust. ... Compensation that is being earned but not received, a process that defers the taxes on the compensation until it is actually received at a later date. ... The United States Office of Government Ethics (OGE) is a separate agency within the executive branch of the U.S. Federal Government which is responsible for directing executive branch policies relating to the prevention of conflicts of interest on the part of Federal executive branch officers and employees. ... A conflict of interest is a situation in which someone in a position of trust, such as a lawyer, a politician, or an executive or director of a corporation, has competing professional or personal interests. ...


In 2005, the Cheneys reported their gross income as nearly $8.82 million. This was largely the result of exercising Halliburton stock options that had been set aside in 2001 with the Gift Trust Agreement. The Cheneys donated just under $6.87 million to charity from the stock options and royalties from Mrs. Cheney's books.[36][not in citation given]


On May 17, 2006 Kiplinger's Personal Finance reported that, based on Cheney's financial disclosures, his "...financial advisers are apparently betting on a rise in inflation and interest rates and on a decline in the value of the dollar against foreign currencies."[37] May 17 is the 137th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (138th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


Rebuilding of Iraq

Vice President Dick Cheney meets with Kuwaiti Prime Minister Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah to deliver condolences on the death of the Emir of Kuwait in 2006.
Vice President Dick Cheney meets with Kuwaiti Prime Minister Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah to deliver condolences on the death of the Emir of Kuwait in 2006.

Halliburton was granted a $7 billion no-bid contract, the execution of which received much scrutiny from U.S. Government auditors along with the media and various political opponents who also scrutinized the awarding of the contract, claiming that it represented a conflict of interest for Mr. Cheney. In June 2004, the General Accounting Office reviewed the contracting procedures and found Halliburton's no-bid contracts were legal and likely justified by the Pentagon's wartime needs.[38] Image File history File linksMetadata CHENEYMID.jpg‎ Summary http://www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata CHENEYMID.jpg‎ Summary http://www. ... Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah with U.S. president George W. Bush at the White House His Highness Sheikh Sabah IV Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah (Arabic: صباح الأحمد الجابر الصباح Sabāh al-Ahmad al-Jābir as-Sabāh; born 1929) is the Emir of Kuwait. ... This is an (incomplete) list of emirs of Kuwait: The Sabah dynasty came to power in 1752, before the Bani Khalid tribe was ruling the region. ...


A few days after accusing the Vice President of cronyism regarding Halliburton, Democratic senator Patrick Leahy crossed the Senate floor to the Republican side to speak with Vice President Cheney during a Senate photo shoot. According to Cheney, Leahy was trying to "make small talk" and "act like everything's peaches and cream." Cheney ended the conversation by saying "go fuck yourself" to Leahy.[39][40] These same words were shouted at Cheney on live television on September 8, 2005, in Gulfport, Mississippi, while he was touring the destroyed neighborhood of Ben Marble, M.D. Dr. Marble said "Go fuck yourself, Mr. Cheney!"[41] in reference to Cheney's comments on the Senate floor as justification. Patrick Joseph Leahy (born March 31, 1940) is the senior United States Senator from Vermont. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Gulfport, Mississippi city flag. ...




CIA leak scandal

A handwritten note above Joe Wilson's editorial by Vice President Dick Cheney referring to the covert agent before the leak took place.
A handwritten note above Joe Wilson's editorial by Vice President Dick Cheney referring to the covert agent before the leak took place.
Main article: CIA leak scandalSee also: CIA leak grand jury investigation and United States v. Libby

On October 18, 2005, The Washington Post reported that the Vice President's office was central to the investigation of the CIA leak scandal. Cheney's former chief of staff, Lewis Libby, is one of the main figures under investigation. On October 28, Libby was indicted on five felony counts.[42] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x920, 1351 KB) This document was contained within a filing by Special Prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald on May 12, 2006. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x920, 1351 KB) This document was contained within a filing by Special Prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald on May 12, 2006. ... The Plame Affair began in July 2002 when journalist Robert Novak wrote a column revealing that Valerie Plame, the wife of former United States Ambassador Joseph C. Wilson, was an operative of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency who worked on weapons of mass destruction issues. ... Patrick Fitzgerald, U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Illinois CIA leak grand jury investigation (rel. ... United States of America v. ... October 18 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States. ... The Plame Affair began in July 2002 when journalist Robert Novak wrote a column revealing that Valerie Plame, the wife of former United States Ambassador Joseph C. Wilson, was an operative of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency who worked on weapons of mass destruction issues. ... In politics, a chief of staff is the primary aide to a political leader or position. ... I. Lewis Scooter Libby Irve Lewis Scooter Libby, Jr. ... October 28 is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 64 days remaining. ...


On February 9, 2006, The National Journal reported that Libby had said before a grand jury that his superiors, including Dick Cheney, had authorized him to disclose classified information to the press regarding Iraq's weapons intelligence.[43] Many people believe that Cheney ordered Libby to expose Plame as a CIA agent to punish her husband for questioning the validity of White House memos asserting that Saddam Hussein sought large amounts of uranium from Niger.[citation needed] February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


On July 13, 2006, Plame sued the Vice President and several others because he allegedly "illegally conspired to reveal her identity."[44] July 13 is the 194th day (195th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 171 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


On Sept 8, 2006, Richard Armitage, former Deputy Secretary of State, publicly announced that he was the source of the revelation of Plame's status. Armitage said he was not a part of a conspiracy to reveal Plame's identity and did not know whether one existed.[45] September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Richard L. Armitage Richard Lee Armitage (born April 26, 1945) was the 13th United States Deputy Secretary of State, the second-in-command at the State Department, serving from 2001 to 2005, Previously, he was a high-ranking troubleshooter and negotiator in the Departments of State and Defense. ...


On December 19, 2006, news organizations reported that Vice President Dick Cheney would be called to testify as a witness for the defense during Libby's trial in January 2007.[46][47] December 19 is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


Hunting incident

On February 11, 2006, Cheney accidentally shot Harry Whittington, a 78-year-old Texas attorney, in the face, neck, and upper torso with birdshot pellets from a Perazzi shotgun when he turned to shoot a quail while hunting on a southern Texas ranch.[48] The owner of the ranch stated that, "Mr. Whittington got peppered pretty good." On February 11, 2006, U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney shot Harry Whittington, a 78-year-old Texas attorney while participating in a quail hunt on a ranch in Kenedy County, Texas. ... February 11 is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Harry M. Whittington (born March 3, 1927) is an American lawyer, real estate investor, and political figure from Austin, Texas who became an internationally recognized figure on February 11, 2006, when he was accidentally shot in the face by Vice President Dick Cheney while hunting quail on a Corpus Christi... Perazzi is a manufacturer of shotguns that are made and manufactured in Brescia, Italy. ... A pump-action and two semi-automatic action Remington 1100 shotguns, 20 boxes of shotgun shells, a clay trap, and three boxes of clay pigeons. ... Genera Coturnix Anurophasis Perdicula Ophrysia † See also Pheasant, Partridge, Grouse Quail is a collective name for several genera of mid-sized birds in the pheasant family Phasianidae, or in the family Odontophoridae. ...


Whittington suffered a "minor heart attack," and atrial fibrillation due to a pellet that embedded in the outer layers of his heart. The Kenedy County Sheriff's office cleared Cheney of any criminal wrongdoing in the matter, and in an interview with Fox News, Cheney accepted full responsibility for the incident.[49] Whittington was discharged from the hospital on February 17, 2006, and characterized the incident as being quite brutal. Later, Whittington apologized to the vice-president for the trouble the event had caused him and his family. Cheney has stated many times that it was an honest accident.[50] He has also denied that alcohol had anything to do with the shooting, although he had been drinking at lunch. No Breathalyzer test was performed, and Cheney did not talk to police until the next day. [[3]] Acute myocardial infarction (AMI or MI), commonly known as a heart attack, is a disease state that occurs when the blood supply to a part of the heart is interrupted. ... Atrial fibrillation (AF or afib) is an abnormal heart rhythm (cardiac arrhythmia) which involves the two small, upper heart chambers (the atria). ... Kenedy County is a county located in the state of Texas. ... Fox News Channels slogan is We Report, You Decide The Fox News Channel is a U.S. cable and satellite news channel. ... February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


Assassination attempt

On February 27, 2007, at approximately 10 a.m., a suicide bomber killed up to 23 people and wounded 20 more outside the main U.S. military base in Afghanistan during a visit by U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney. Qari Yousef Ahmadi, a Taliban spokesman, claimed responsibility for the attack and said Cheney was its intended target. The bomb went off outside the front gate, however, while Cheney was safely inside, he claimed to have heard the blast. "I heard a loud boom," he said. "The Secret Service came in and told me there had been an attack on the main gate."[51] The cause for Cheney's visit to the region had been to press Pakistan for a united front against the Taliban.[52] Most of the casualties were Afghan workers at the base. Wikinews has news related to: Taliban target US Vice President Cheney with suicide bomb attack The 2007 Bagram Air Base bombing was a suicide attack that has killed up to 23 people and injured 20 more at the Bagram air base in Afghanistan, while Dick Cheney, the Vice President of... February 27 is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... Public execution of a woman by Taliban at Ghazi Sports Stadium, 1999. ...


Future as Vice President

Since 2001, when asked if he is interested in the Republican presidential nomination, Cheney has said he wishes to retire to private life after his term as Vice President expires. In 2004, he reaffirmed this position strongly on Fox News Sunday, saying, "I will say just as hard as I possibly know how to say... 'If nominated, I will not run,' 'If elected, I will not serve,' or not only no, but 'Hell no,' I've got my plans laid out. I'm going to serve this president for the next four years, and then I'm out of here." Such a categorical rejection of a candidacy is often referred to as a "Shermanesque statement" for Civil War general William Tecumseh Sherman after his dismissal of presidential considerations in 1884. FOX News Sunday is public affairs magazine on Fox, airing on Sunday mornings. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Sherman pledge. ... This article is becoming very long. ... “General Sherman” redirects here. ...


The conservative Insight magazine reported on February 27, 2006 that "senior GOP sources" had said Cheney was expected to resign after the mid-term Congressional elections in November 2006; however, only Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld left office following the elections. The weekly newsmagazine Insight, now defunct, was published by The Washington Times Corporation. ... February 27 is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Donald Henry Rumsfeld (born July 9, 1932) is a U.S. politician and businessman, who was the 13th Secretary of Defense under President Gerald Ford from 1975–1977, and the 21st Secretary of Defense under President George W. Bush from 2001–2006. ...


In November 2006, Vice President Cheney's approval rating was 31 percent according to a poll conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International.[53] Other polls, including the Harris Poll, showed his approval rating within the same range.[53]


Health problems

Cheney's long histories of cardiovascular disease and periodic need for urgent health care have raised the question of whether he is medically fit to serve as Vice President. Formerly a heavy smoker, Cheney sustained the first of four heart attacks in 1978, at age 37. Subsequent attacks in 1984, 1988, and 2000 have resulted in moderate contractile dysfunction of his left ventricle. He underwent four-vessel coronary artery bypass grafting in 1988, coronary artery stenting in November 2000, and urgent coronary balloon angioplasty in March 2001. Acute myocardial infarction (AMI or MI), commonly known as a heart attack, is a disease state that occurs when the blood supply to a part of the heart is interrupted. ... In the heart, a ventricle is a chamber which collects blood from an atrium (another heart chamber) and pumps it out of the heart. ... Early in a coronary artery bypass surgery during vein harvesting from the legs (left of image) and the establishment of bypass (placement of the aortic cannula) (bottom of image). ... Endoscopic image of self-expanding metallic stent in esophagus, which was used to palliatively treat esophageal cancer. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


As Vice President, Cheney is cared for by the White House Medical Group. Staff from the WHMG accompany the President and the Vice President while either are traveling, and make advance contact with local emergency medical services to ensure that urgent care is available immediately should it be necessary.[54] A vice president is an officer in government or business who is next in rank below a president. ...


In 2001, a Holter monitor disclosed brief episodes of (asymptomatic) ectopy. An electrophysiologic study was performed, at which Cheney was found to be inducible. An implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) was therefore implanted in his left upper anterior chest.[55] As of 2004, it has never discharged. Holter monitor In medicine, a Holter monitor (also called an ambulatory electrocardiography device), named after its inventor, Dr. Norman J. Holter, is a portable device for continuously monitoring the electrical activity of the heart for 24 hours or more. ... Cardiac ectopy is a disturbance of the electrical conduction system of the heart, in which beats arise from the wrong part of the heart muscle. ... An electrophysiologic study (EPS) is one of a number of tests of the electrical conduction system of the heart performed by a cardiac electrophysiologist, a specialist in the electrical conduction system of the heart. ... An implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD), also known as an automated implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (AICD), is a device that is implanted under the skin of patients that are at risk of sudden cardiac death due to ventricular fibrillation. ...


On September 24, 2005, Cheney had an endo-vascular procedure to repair popliteal artery aneurysms bilaterally, a catheter treatment technique used in the artery behind each knee. The condition was discovered at a regular physical in July, and, while not life-threatening itself, is likely an indicator that Cheney's atherosclerotic disease is progressing despite aggressive treatment.[56] September 24 is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Vascular is an adjective for the word vessel and refers to tube-like structures. ... Arteries of the lower limb - posterior view. ... // An aneurysm (or aneurism) is localized, blood-filled dilation (bulge) of a blood vessel caused by disease or weakening of the vessel wall. ... Catheter disassembled In medicine, a catheter is a tube that can be inserted into a body cavity duct or vessel. ... Atherosclerosis is a disease affecting the arterial blood vessel. ...


On January 9, 2006, Cheney was taken to the hospital for tests after experiencing shortness of breath. He was given heart tests and tests for retention of water (he had been retaining water due to medication he had been taking for a foot complaint) before being discharged. He was placed on a diuretic to help get rid of the fluids. January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


On March 5, 2007, Cheney was treated for deep-vein thrombosis in his left leg at George Washington University. He was taken there after experiencing pain in his left calf. Doctors prescribed blood-thinning medication and he was allowed to return to work.[57] March 5 is the 64th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (65th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... DVT can also refer to Driving Van Trailer Deep venous thrombosis (or DVT) is the occlusion of a deep vein by a blood clot (thrombus). It generally affects the leg veins, such as the femoral vein or the popliteal vein, or occasionally the veins of the arm (Paget-von Schroetter...


Cheney occasionally requires the use of a cane for walking. This, according to Cheney, is due to a foot condition and is unrelated to his cardiovascular disease.


References

  1. ^ Lynn Sweet, "Hello, my name's Cheney, that rhymes with genie," Chicago Sun-Times, Dec. 6, 2000.
  2. ^ Bio on Kids' section of White House site. White House. Retrieved on 2006 October 23.
  3. ^ Flyer for Calvert Elementary School. Lincoln Public Schools (2006-05-15). Retrieved on 2006 October 23.
  4. ^ a b Official US Biography. White House. Retrieved on 2006 October 23.
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ "Cheney describes same-sex marriage as state issue." CNN. August 25, 2004. Retrieved on August 2, 2006.
  7. ^ Noah, Timothy. "How Dick Cheney Is Like Dan Quayle." Slate. July 27, 2000. Retrieved on August 2, 2006.
  8. ^ Cheney's Five Draft Deferments During the Vietnam Era Emerge as a Campaign Issue at The New York Times.
  9. ^ The New York Times, 7/26/00
  10. ^ Allman, T.D. "The Curse of Dick Cheney." Rolling Stone. August 25, 2004. Retrieved on August 2, 2006.
  11. ^ http://www.issues2000.org/2004/Dick_Cheney_Education.htm
  12. ^ http://www.commondreams.org/views/072800-101.htm
  13. ^ http://www.cato.org/speeches/sp-dc062398.html
  14. ^ Article Cheney defends voting record, blasts Clinton on talk-show circuit from CNN.
  15. ^ Bio at the U.S. Department of Defense site
  16. ^ http://www.countercurrents.org/us-mickeyz061206.htm]
  17. ^ a b Michael Duffy. "Cheney's Fall From Grace", TIME, March 8, 2007. Retrieved on 2007-03-16.
  18. ^ http://www.commondreams.org/views03/0403-10.htm
  19. ^ http://www.counterpunch.org/leopold07222004.html
  20. ^ "The Unauthorized Biography of Dick Cheney, Mr. Vice-President." CBC, the Fifth Estate.
  21. ^ Dick Cheney at the Internet Movie Database
  22. ^ http://www.whitehouse.gov/energy/
  23. ^ Chap. 8: "Strengthening Global Alliances"PDF (358 KiB).
  24. ^ http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/06/20020629-1.html
  25. ^ CNN Transcripts (2002-06-29). White House Physician Provides Update on Bush's Condition. Retrieved on 2006 June 4.
  26. ^ http://www.nationalreview.com/york/york200602160841.asp
  27. ^ Making torture official
  28. ^ Cheney Plan Exempts CIA From Bill Barring Abuse of Detainees
  29. ^ http://archives.cnn.com/2001/ALLPOLITICS/stories/01/05/cheney.hill/
  30. ^ Office of the Vice President on www.americanpresident.org
  31. ^ "Cheney: The Fatal Touch", The New York Review of Books
  32. ^ Staff Writer. "Dick Cheney's Youthful Indiscretions." The Smoking Gun. Retrieved on August 2, 2006.
  33. ^ a b Lemann, Nicholas. "The Quiet Man." The New Yorker. May 7, 2001. Retrieved on August 2, 2006.
  34. ^ Senator Lautenburg Press Release - September 15, 2005
  35. ^ [2]
  36. ^ Bushes Pay $187,768 in Taxes for 2005 - Deb Reichman, AP April 14, 2006
  37. ^ Are Dick Cheney's Money Managers Betting on Bad News? By Steven Goldberg, Kiplinger's Personal Finance, May 17, 2006
  38. ^ "Rebuilding Iraq: Fiscal Year 2003: Contract Award: Procedures and Management ChallengesPDF (691 KiB) General Accounting Office (June 2004). Retrieved on December 20, 2006.
  39. ^ Helen Dewar and Dana Milbank (2004-06-25). Cheney Dismisses Critic With Obscenity. washingtonpost.com. Retrieved on 2006 October 24.
  40. ^ Dana Milbank and Helen Dewar (2004-06-26). Cheney Defends Use Of Four-Letter Word, Retort to Leahy 'Long Overdue,' He Says. The Washington Post as reported by mindfully.org. Retrieved on 2006 October 24.
  41. ^ Weekly Review. Harper's Magazine (2005-09-13). Retrieved on 2006 October 24.
  42. ^ Dan Froomkin (2006-10-24). Spinning the Course. washingtonpost.com. Retrieved on 2006 October 24.
  43. ^ http://nationaljournal.com/about/njweekly/stories/2006/0209nj1.htm
  44. ^ Bloomberg.com article Cheney, Rove, Libby Sued by Ex-CIA Agent Over Leak (Update1)
  45. ^ Matt Apuzzo (2006-09-08). Armitage Says He Was Source on Plame. washingtonpost.com. Retrieved on 2006 October 24.
  46. ^ James Vicini (Reuters). "Cheney to Be Called to Testify in CIA Leak Case." Washington Post December 19, 2006. Retrieved on December 20, 2006.
  47. ^ Matt Apuzzo (AP). "Cheney to Be Defense Witness in CIA Case." San Francisco Chronicle December 19, 2006. Retrieved on December 20, 2006.
  48. ^ William F. Buckley."William F. Buckley. Retrieved on February 22, 2007.
  49. ^ Staff Writer. "Cheney: 'One of the worst days of my life'." CNN. February 16, 2006. Retrieved on August 2, 2006.
  50. ^ Staff Writer. "Harry Whittington's hospital statement." MSNBC. Retrieved on August 2, 2006.
  51. ^ The Associated Press (2007-02-27). Cheney unhurt in blast outside Afghan base. CNN. Retrieved on 2007 February 27.
  52. ^ Reuters (2007-02-27). Cheney seeks united front on terror. CNN. Retrieved on 2007 February 27.
  53. ^ a b The Polling Report, Vice President Dick Cheney: Job Ratings. Retrieved Dec. 31, 2006.
  54. ^ George F. Fuller (2004-04-02). White House Medical Support. The Armed Forces Institute of Pathology. Retrieved on 2006 October 24.
  55. ^ Heart Rhythm Society, Why Vice President Richard Cheney Has an ICD. Retrieved Dec. 31, 2006.
  56. ^ Dr. Zebra (2006-06-06). Health & Medical History of Richard "Dick" Cheney. Dr Zebra. Retrieved on 2006 October 24.
  57. ^ Suzanne Malveaux (2007-03-05). Cheney treated for blood clot in his leg. CNN. Retrieved on Error: invalid time.

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Further reading

Works by

  • Professional Military Education: An Asset for Peace and Progress : A Report of the Crisis Study Group on Professional Military Education (Csis Report) 1997. ISBN 0-89206-297-5
  • Kings of the Hill: How Nine Powerful Men Changed the Course of American History 1996. ISBN 0-8264-0230-5

Works about

  • Andrews, Elaine. Dick Cheney: A Life Of Public Service. Millbrook Press, 2001. ISBN 0-7613-2306-6
  • Mann, James. Rise of the Vulcans: The History of Bush's War Cabinet. Viking, 2004. ISBN 0-670-03299-9
  • Nichols, John. Dick: The Man Who is President. New Press, 2004. ISBN 1-56584-840-3

External links

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Critical views

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Speeches and interviews

Preceded by
Donald Rumsfeld
White House Chief of Staff
1975 – 1977
Succeeded by
Hamilton Jordan
Preceded by
Teno Roncalio
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Wyoming's At-large congressional district

1979 – 1989
Succeeded by
Craig Thomas
Preceded by
Trent Lott
House Minority Whip
House Republican Whip

1989
Succeeded by
Newt Gingrich
Preceded by
Frank C. Carlucci
United States Secretary of Defense
Served Under: George H. W. Bush

1989 – 1993
Succeeded by
Les Aspin
Preceded by
Jack Kemp
Republican Party Vice Presidential candidate
2000 (won), 2004 (won)
Succeeded by
Most recent
Preceded by
Al Gore
Vice President of the United States
January 20, 2001 – Present
Acting President: June 29, 2002
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
None:
President George W. Bush
United States Presidential Line of Succession
1st in line
Succeeded by
Nancy Pelosi
Preceded by
Laura Bush
United States order of precedence
as of 2006
Succeeded by
Lynne Cheney
Persondata
NAME Cheney, Dick
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Cheney, Richard Bruce "Dick" (full name)
SHORT DESCRIPTION Vice President of the United States
DATE OF BIRTH 30 January 1941
PLACE OF BIRTH Lincoln, Nebraska, USA
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH

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