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The term diaspora (in Ancient Greek, διασπορά – "a scattering or sowing of seeds") refers to any people or ethnic population forced or induced to leave their traditional homelands, the dispersal of such people, and the ensuing developments in their culture. Often a diaspora accompanies, or is the only way to avoid, genocide, the systematic killing of a people. Look up diaspora in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ... Beginning of Homers Odyssey The Ancient Greek language is the historical stage of the Greek language[1] as it existed during the Archaic (9th–6th centuries BC) and Classical (5th–4th centuries BC) periods in Ancient Greece. ... This article or section should be merged with ethnic group Ethnicity is the cultural characteristics that connect a particular group or groups of people to each other. ... A homeland is the concept of the territory to which one belongs; usually, the country in which a particular nationality was born. ... For other uses, see Genocide (disambiguation). ...



Initially the term diaspora meant "the scattered" and was used by the Ancient Greeks to refer to citizens of a dominant city-state who emigrated to a conquered land with the purpose of colonization, to assimilate the territory into the empire. The current meaning started to develop from this original sense when the Hebrew Bible was translated into Greek; the word "diaspora" then was used to refer to the population of Jews exiled from Judea in 586 BC by the Babylonians, and from Jerusalem in AD 136 by the Roman Empire. Probably the earliest use of the word in reference specifically to Jewish exiles is in the Septuagint version of Deuteronomy 28:25, "thou shalt be a dispersion in all kingdoms of the earth". Beginning of Homers Odyssey The Ancient Greek language is the historical stage of the Greek language[1] as it existed during the Archaic (9th–6th centuries BC) and Classical (5th–4th centuries BC) periods in Ancient Greece. ... A city-state is a region controlled exclusively by a city. ... This article is about the term Hebrew Bible. For the Jewish scriptures see Tanakh. ... Map of the southern Levant, c. ... Babylonia was an ancient state in Iraq), combining the territories of Sumer and Akkad. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... The Septuagint: A column of uncial text from 1 Esdras in the Codex Vaticanus, the basis of Sir Lancelot Charles Lee Brentons Greek edition and English translation. ... Deuteronomy (Greek deuteronomium, second, from to deuteronomium touto, this second law, pronounced ) is the fifth book of the Torah of the Hebrew bible and the Old Testament. ...

It subsequently came to be used to refer interchangeably to the historical movements of the dispersed ethnic population of Israel, the cultural development of that population, or the population itself. The term was assimilated from Greek into English in the mid-20th century. As an academic field, diaspora studies has been established relating to the wider modern meaning of the usage 'diaspora'. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Diaspora studies is an academic field established in the late twentieth century to study dispersed ethnic populations, which are often termed diaspora peoples. ...

Sometimes refugees of other origins or ethnicities may be called a diaspora, but the two terms are far from synonymous.[1][2] Long-term expatriates in significant numbers from one particular country may also be referred to as a diaspora.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12] In all cases, the term diaspora carries a sense of displacement; that is, the population so described find themselves for whatever reason separated from their national territory; and usually they have a hope, or at least a desire, to return to their homeland at some point, if the "homeland" still exists in any meaningful sense. An expatriate (in abbreviated form expat) is someone temporarily or permanently in a country and culture other than that of their upbringing and/or legal residence. ...

History contains numerous diaspora-like events. The Migration Period relocations, which included several phases, are just one set of many. The first phase Migration Period displacement from between AD 300 and 500 included relocation of the Goths, (Ostrogoths, Visigoths), Vandals, Franks, various other Germanic tribes, (Burgundians, Langobards, Angles, Saxons, Jutes, Suebi, Alemanni, Varangians), Alans and numerous Slavic tribes. The second phase, between AD 500 and 900, saw Slavic, Turkic, and other tribes on the move, resettling in Eastern Europe and gradually making it predominantly Slavic, and affecting Anatolia and the Caucasus as the first Turkic peoples (Avars, Bulgars, Huns, Khazars, Pechenegs) arrived. The last phase of the migrations saw the coming of the Magyars and the Viking expansion out of Scandinavia. Human migration denotes any movement of groups of people from one locality to another, rather than of individual wanderers. ... This article is about the Germanic tribes. ... This article deals with the continental Ostrogoths. ... A votive crown belonging to Reccesuinth (653–672) The Visigoths (Latin: ) were one of two main branches of the Goths, an East Germanic tribe, the Ostrogoths being the other. ... Vandal and Vandali redirect here. ... This article is about the Frankish people and society. ... The term Germanic tribes (or Teutonic tribes) applies to the ancient Germanic peoples of Europe. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... The Lombards (Latin Langobardi, from which the alternative name Longobards found in older English texts), were a Germanic people originally from Scandinavia that entered the late Roman Empire. ... White cliffs of Dover in England White cliffs of Rugen down the Baltic coast from Schleswig The Angles is a modern English word for a Germanic-speaking people who took their name from the cultural ancestor of Angeln, a modern district located in Schleswig, Germany. ... For other uses, see Saxon (disambiguation). ... For the coarse vegetable textile fiber, see Jute. ... Suebi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Alamanni, Allemanni or Alemanni, are a Germanic tribe, first mentioned by Dio Cassius, under the year 213. ... The Varangians (Russian: Variags, Варяги) were Scandinavians who travelled eastwards, mainly from Jutland and Sweden. ... The Alans, Alani, Alauni or Halani were an Iranian nomadic group among the Sarmatian people, warlike nomadic pastoralists of varied backgrounds, who spoke an Iranian language and to a large extent shared a common culture. ... Distribution of Slavic people by language The Slavic peoples are a linguistic and ethnic branch of Indo-European peoples, living mainly in Europe, where they constitute roughly a third of the population. ... Distribution of Slavic people by language The Slavic peoples are a linguistic and ethnic branch of Indo-European peoples, living mainly in Europe, where they constitute roughly a third of the population. ... The Turkic people are any of various peoples whose members speak languages in the Turkic family of languages. ... Statistical regions of Europe as delineated by the United Nations (UN definition of Eastern Europe marked red):  Northern Europe  Western Europe  Eastern Europe  Southern Europe Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current borders: Russia (dark orange), other countries formerly part of the USSR... This article is about two nested areas of Turkey, a plateau region within a peninsula. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Caucasus Mountains. ... Late Avar period Map showing the location of Avar Khaganate, c. ... Not to be confused with Bulgarians. ... For other uses, see Hun (disambiguation). ... The Khazars (Hebrew Kuzari כוזרי Kuzarim כוזרים; Turkish Hazar Hazarlar; Russian Хазарин Хазары; Tatar sing Xäzär Xäzärlär; Crimean Tatar: ; Greek Χαζάροι/Χάζαροι; Persianخزر khazar; Latin Gazari or Cosri) were a semi-nomadic Turkic people from Central Asia, many of whom converted to Judaism. ... Pechenegs or Patzinaks (Armenian: Badzinag, Bulgarian/Russian: Pechenegi (Печенеги), Greek: Patzinaki/Petsenegi (Πατζινάκοι/Πετσενέγοι) or less commonly Πατζινακίται, Hungarian: BesenyÅ‘, Latin: Расinасае, Old Turkish (assumed): *Beçenek, Turkish: Peçenekler) were a semi-nomadic Turkic people of the Central Asian steppes speaking the Pecheneg language which belonged to the Turkic language family. ... Human migration denotes any movement of groups of people from one locality to another, rather than of individual wanderers. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The name Viking is a loan from the native Scandinavian term for the Norse seafaring warriors who raided the coasts of Scandinavia, Europe and the British Isles from the late 8th century to the 11th century, the period of European history referred to as the Viking Age. ... For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ...

However, such colonizing migrations cannot be considered as diasporas indefinitely; over very long periods, eventually the migrants assimilate into the settled area so completely that it becomes their new homeland. Thus the modern population of Germany do not feel that they belong in the Siberian steppes that the Alemanni left 16 centuries ago; the Hungarian Magyars are not drawn back to the Altai; and the English descendants of the Angles, Saxons and Jutes do not yearn to reoccupy the plains of northwest Germany. In comparison, however, the Jewish Sephardim of Iberia and Ashkenazim of Eastern Europe also settled in those areas for many centuries, and yet did not assimilate because of strong Jewish traditions of separation, a religious commitment to their own kind, and intolerance on the part of the majority. This article is about Siberia as a whole. ... For the republic in Russia, see Altai Republic. ... Look up English, english in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... White cliffs of Dover in England White cliffs of Rugen down the Baltic coast from Schleswig The Angles is a modern English word for a Germanic-speaking people who took their name from the cultural ancestor of Angeln, a modern district located in Schleswig, Germany. ... For other uses, see Saxon (disambiguation). ... For the coarse vegetable textile fiber, see Jute. ... In the strictest sense, a Sephardi (ספרדי, Standard Hebrew Səfardi, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄ardî; plural Sephardim: ספרדים, Standard Hebrew Səfardim, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄ardîm) is a Jew original to the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal: ספרד, Standard Hebrew Səfárad, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄áraḏ / Səp̄āraḏ), or whose ancestors were among the Jews expelled from... The name Iberia refers to two distinct regions of the old world: The Iberian Peninsula, in Southwest Europe, location of modern-day Spain and Portugal, home to the pre-Roman Iberians. ... Ashkenazi (אַשְׁכֲּנָזִי, Standard Hebrew Aškanazi, Tiberian Hebrew ʾAškănāzî) Jews or Ashkenazic Jews, also called Ashkenazim (אַשְׁכֲּנָזִים, Standard Hebrew Aškanazim, Tiberian Hebrew ʾAškănāzîm), are Jews who are descendants of Jews from Germany, Poland, Austria and Eastern Europe. ... Statistical regions of Europe as delineated by the United Nations (UN definition of Eastern Europe marked red):  Northern Europe  Western Europe  Eastern Europe  Southern Europe Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current borders: Russia (dark orange), other countries formerly part of the USSR...

One of the largest and most historic diasporas of pre-modern times was the African Diaspora which began at the beginning of the 16th century. During the Atlantic Slave Trade, about ten million people from West, West-Central and Southeast Africa were transported to the Western Hemisphere as slaves. This population would leave a major influence on the culture of English, French, Portuguese and Spanish New World colonies. The Arab slave trade similarly took large numbers out of the continent, although the effect of the diaspora to the east is more subtle. The African diaspora is the diaspora created by the movements and cultures of Africans and their descendants throughout the world, to places such as the Americas, (including the United States, Canada, the Caribbean, Central America, and South America); Europe and Asia. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... The Atlantic slave trade, also known as the Transatlantic slave trade, was the trade of African persons supplied to the colonies of the New World that occurred in and around the Atlantic Ocean. ... The geographical western hemisphere of Earth, highlighted in yellow. ... Slave redirects here. ... Frontispiece of Peter Martyr dAnghieras De orbe novo (On the New World). Carte dAmérique, Guillaume Delisle, 1722. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Islam and slavery. ...

Another example is the mid-19th century Irish Diaspora, brought about by a combination of harsh imperial British policies and the An Gorta Mór or "Great Hunger" of the Irish Famine. Estimates vary between 45% and 85% of Ireland having emigrated, to Britain, the United States, Canada and Australia. Emigrants Leave Ireland, engraving by Henry Doyle (1827-1892), from Mary Frances Cusacks Illustrated History of Ireland, 1868 // The Irish diaspora (Irish: Diaspóra na nGael) consists of Irish emigrants and their descendants in countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Argentina, Mexico, New Zealand... Starvation during the famine The Irish Potato Famine, also called The Great Famine or The Great Hunger (Irish: An Gorta Mór), is the name given to a famine which struck Ireland between 1846 and 1849. ...

Galicien Diáspora. Photographic documentary long term project of Galicien diáspora, Galegos na diáspora,(1989, Álvarez, Delmi)www.delmialvarez.com/diaspora. Thousand of galicians emigrated around the world from IXX century. The project is the only one documental work began from 1989 till today.

The 20th century and beyond

The twentieth century saw huge population movements. Some involved large-scale transfers of people by government action and the desire to avoid conflict. Some diasporas occurred because the people accepted, or could not avoid, the consequences of political decisions, such as the end of colonialism. Stalin shipped millions of people to Eastern Russia, Central Asia, and Siberia. The 1947 Partition resulted in the migration of millions of people between India and Pakistan and the murder of many, an estimated 10 million. The Japanese occupation of China (1937-1945), esp. Manchuria was considered a Japanese prefecture and Korea (1910-1945) might declared a smaller but evident movement of Chinese and Koreans out of their homelands, millions of Chinese fled for the western provinces not occupied by Japan (i.e. Tibet and Sinkiang) and Southeast Asia, and over 100,000 Koreans moved across the Amur River into Eastern Russia (then the Soviet Union). It has been suggested that Benign colonialism be merged into this article or section. ... Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვილი; see Other names section) (December 21, 1879[1] – March 5, 1953) was a Bolshevik revolutionary and leader of the Soviet Union. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... This article is about Siberia as a whole. ... This article is under construction. ... This article is about the Korean civilization. ...

Other diasporas have occurred as people fled ethnically directed persecution, oppression or Genocide. Examples of these include: the Armenians who were forced out of Anatolia by the Ottoman Turks during the Armenian Genocide (1915–1918), with survivors settling in areas of the Levant; and emigration of European Jews fleeing pogroms and discrimination in Russia and the Soviet Union, and Poland before the 1920s; as well as those fleeing Nazi Germany actions before and during the the Holocaust of World War II. Other eastern European nationalities moved west, away from Soviet annexation,[13] and the Iron Curtain regimes after World War II. Hundreds of thousands of ethnic Germans, who had lived in eastern countries for nearly two centuries, were expelled by the Soviet Union, Poland, Hungary and Yugoslavia after WWII, and moved west. Galicia, North of Spain, had developed a big diaspora from the Franco military regime from 1936 to his death in 1975. For other uses, see Genocide (disambiguation). ... The Ottoman Turks were the ethnic subdivision of the Turkish people who dominated the ruling class of the Ottoman Empire. ... Armenian Genocide photo. ... The Levant The Levant (IPA: ) is an imprecise geographical term historically referring to a large area in the Middle East south of the Taurus Mountains, bounded by the Mediterranean Sea on the west, and by the northern Arabian Desert and Upper Mesopotamia to the east. ... Languages Historical Jewish languages Hebrew, Yiddish, Ladino, others Liturgical languages: Hebrew and Aramaic Predominant spoken languages: The vernacular language of the home nation in the Diaspora, significantly including English, Hebrew, Yiddish, and Russian Religions Judaism Related ethnic groups Arabs and other Semitic groups For the Jewish religion, see Judaism. ... “Shoah” redirects here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Warsaw Pact countries to the east of the Iron Curtain are shaded red; NATO members to the west of it — blue. ... There are two well-known places called Galicia: Galicia, one of Spains autonomous communities. ... “Franco” redirects here. ...

During and after the Cold War-era, huge populations of refugees migrated from areas of conflict, especially from then-developing countries. In the Middle East, the Palestinian diaspora was created as a result of the establishment of Israel in 1948 and further enlarged by the 1967 Arab-Israeli War. Many Iranians fled the 1979 Iranian Revolution following the fall of the Shah, and tens of thousands of Iraqis have fled conflict since 2003. For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... A developing country is a country with low average income compared to the world average. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Palestinian diaspora (Arabic: , al-shatat) is a term used to describe Palestinians living outside of historic Palestine - an area today known as Israel and the Palestinian territories or the West Bank, Gaza Strip and East Jerusalem. ... (Redirected from 1967 Arab-Israeli war) The 1967 Arab-Israeli War, also known as the Six-Day War or June War, was fought between Israel and its Arab neighbors Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. ... Iranian peoples are peoples who speak an Iranian language and/or belong to the Iranian stock. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... This article is about the 1979 revolution in Iran. ... Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran (Persian: ) (October 26, 1919, Tehran – July 27, 1980, Cairo), styled His Imperial Majesty, and holding the imperial titles of Shahanshah (King of Kings), and Aryamehr (Light of the Aryans), was the monarch of Iran from September 16, 1941 until the Iranian Revolution on February... This article is about the Iraqis as an ethnic group. ...

In the Indian subcontinent thousands of former subjects of the British Raj went to the UK after India and Pakistan became independent in 1947. In Southeast Asia 30,000 French colons from Cambodia were displaced after being expelled by the Khmer Rouge regime under Pol Pot. Many diasporas have occurred in Africa including, the expulsion of 80 000 South Asians from Uganda in 1975, and the Hutus and Tutsis trying to escape the Rwandan Genocide in 1994. Map of South Asia (see note) This article deals with the geophysical region in Asia. ... Anthem God Save The King-Emperor The British Indian Empire, 1909 Capital Calcutta (1858 - 1912) New Delhi (1912 - 1947) Language(s) Hindustani, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1858-1901 Victoria¹  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George VI Viceroy... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Some of the Khmer Rouge leaders during their period in power. ... Saloth Sar (May 19, 1925 – April 15, 1998), aliases Pol, Pouk, Hay, Grand-Uncle, First Brother, 87, Phem, 99, and best known as Pol Pot[1], was the leader of the communist movement called Khmer Rouge and the Prime Minister of Cambodia (officially renamed the Democratic Kampuchea during his rule... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... On 4 August 1972, Idi Amin President of Uganda gave Ugandas 50,000 Asians (mostly Indians of Gujarati origin) 90 days to leave the country, following an alleged dream in which, he claimed, God told him to expel them. ... The Hutu are a Central African ethnic group, living mainly in Rwanda and Burundi. ... The Tutsi are one of three native peoples of the nations of Rwanda and Burundi in central Africa, the other two being the Twa and the Hutu. ... The Rwandan Genocide was the 1994 mass killing of the hundreds of thousands of ethnic Tutsis and moderate Hutu sympathizers in Rwanda and was the largest atrocity during the Rwandan Civil War. ...

In South America, thousands of Chilean and Uruguayan refugees fled to Europe during periods of military rule in the 1970s and '80s. Also a million Colombian refugees fled Colombia since 1965 to escape the country's violence and civil wars. In Central America, Nicaraguans, Salvadorians, Guatemalans, Hondurans, Costa Ricans and Panamanians fled conflict and economic conditions. The millions of Third World refugees created more numerous diasporal populations, but the principle of peoples becoming refugees because of war precedes written history. South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... A military junta is government by a committee of military leaders. ... For other uses, see Central America (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country in the Americas; for other uses, see El Salvador (disambiguation). ... For the Jamaican reggae band, see Third World (band). ...

Many economic migrants may gather in such numbers outside their home country that they form an effective diaspora: for instance, the Turkish Gastarbeiter in Germany; South Asians in the Persian Gulf; and Filipinos throughout the world. One possible diaspora is the Mexican immigrant population residing in the United States, since the 1970's is mainly composed of economic refugees, often crossed the border illegally or remained undocumented aliens whom never got legal residency or US citizenship. It has been suggested that Displaced person be merged into this article or section. ... Gastarbeiter is a German word that literally means Guest Worker. It referred to people who had moved to Germany for jobs since the end of World War II, but is considered outdated. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ...

Some diasporas are due to natural disasters, as has happened throughout history. In a rare example of a diaspora in a prosperous Western democracy, observers have labeled evacuation from New Orleans and the Gulf Coast as a "diaspora" in the wake of Hurricane Katrina of 2005, since a significant number of evacuees have not started to return. Historians pinpoint the mass migration of the "Okies" from the drought-ridden American Great Plains and "Arkies" from the American South in the 1930's, the majority went westward to California as another example of a disaster-caused "diaspora" of a whole sociocultural group. Natural Disasters is a young rap group made up of five young teens from the Chicago suburbs. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... The Gulf of Mexico is a major body of water bordered and nearly landlocked by North America. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dust storm approaching Stratford, Texas During the Great Depression, in portions of the North American Great Plains there was a years-long drought, leading to soil erosion and dust storms usually referred to as the Dust Bowl. ...

List of notable diasporas

Main article: List of diasporas

History provides us with many examples of notable diasporas. See the main article for a list. History provides us with many examples of notable diasporas. ...

In popular culture

Futuristic science fiction sometimes refers to a "Diaspora," taking place when much of humanity leaves Earth to settle on far-flung "colony worlds." Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... This article is about Earth as a planet. ...

The song "Prayer of the Refugee" from Rise Against's album "The Sufferer & the Witness" was originally named "Diaspora" when it was leaked. Rise Against is an American band from Chicago, Illinois that was formed in 1999. ... Singles from The Sufferer & the Witness Released: 2006 Released: 2006 Released: 2007 Released: 2007 The Sufferer & the Witness is the fourth album by Rise Against, which was released on July 4, 2006. ...

See also

This article is about the second book in the Torah. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with forced migration. ... For the video game, see Ethnic Cleansing (computer game). ... Population transfer is a term referring to a policy by which a state, or international authority, forces the movement of a large group of people out of a region, most frequently on the basis of their ethnicity or religion. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


  1. ^ Katrina scatters a grim diaspora BBC
  2. ^ Out of the Hadhramaut
  3. ^ The world's successful diasporas - Research - World Business
  4. ^ Diasporas of Highly Skilled and Migration of Talent
  5. ^ Telugu Diaspora
  6. ^ The Arabs of Brazil
  7. ^ Arabs Making Their Mark in Latin America
  8. ^ Global Culture: essays on migration, globalization and their impact on global culture
  9. ^ The Tamil Diaspora - a Trans State Nation Nadesan Satyendra
  10. ^ Diplomacy Monitor - Migration
  11. ^ BBC The Cornish Diaspora - I’m alright Jack
  12. ^ The Cornish Transnational Communities Project
  13. ^ An International Conference on the Baltic Archives Abroad

External links

  Results from FactBites:
Diaspora cultures (7010 words)
Diaspora communities represent and maintain a culture different from those of the countries within which they are located, often retaining strong ties with their country and culture of origin (real or perceived) and with other communities of the same origin in order to preserve that culture.
Whilst all diaspora cultures seek to preserve their unique and fundamental culture from potential mutation, assimilation, or conflict, the role of the country and the society of origin, and indeed the role of the country and the society of actual settlement, is vital and integral to the continued development and existence of the diaspora community.
The increased capacity of diaspora communities to communicate and interact between themselves at all levels, transfer funds, transport goods and raw materials, and transmit ideas between the various components of a diaspora network is considered to be a broadly positive step in the consolidation of diaspora cultures and their relationships with modern society.
  More results at FactBites »



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