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Encyclopedia > Diana Wynyard

Diana Wynyard (January 16, 1906May 13, 1964) was a British actress. Do not change January 16 it preserves the date correctly formatted and stops robots from delinking it. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... May 13 is the 133rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (134th in leap years). ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ...

Born Dorothy Isobel Cox in London, England, she was a successful British stage actress of some elegance and beauty. In her day she was reckoned the equal in the theatre of more famous names such as Peggy Ashcroft and Celia Johnson. As a film actress in a major role, such as "Gaslight" she could be luminous and powerful. London — containing the City of London — is the capital of the United Kingdom and of England and a major world city. With over seven million inhabitants (Londoners) in Greater London area, it is amongst the most densely populated areas in Western Europe. ...

After success in Liverpool and London she attracted attention on Broadway and appeared first in Rasputin and the Empress in 1932, with Ethel, John, and Lionel Barrymore. Fox then borrowed her for their lavish version of Noel Coward's stage spectacle "Cavalcade", and she became the first British actress to be nominated for the Best Actress Oscar. As the noble wife and mother she aged gracefully against a background of the Boer War, the sinking of the Titanic, the First World War, and the arrival of the Jazz Age.

After a brief and largely unsatisfactory Hollywood career, most notably as John Barrymore's old flame in "Reunion in Vienna", she returned to Britain. Here she concentrated on theatre work, including roles as Charlotte Bronte in Clemence Dane's "Wild Decembers", in "Sweet Aloes", and as Gilda in the British premiere of Noel Coward's "Design for Living."

Tempted to return to the screen to play opposite Ralph Richardson in "On the Night of the Fire" she had a great success as the frightened heroine of the first film version of Patrick Hamilton's play "Gaslight" in 1939. This led to infrequent prestigious appearances on the screen, including roles opposite Clive Brook in "Freedom Radio", John Gielgud in "The Prime Minister" and Michael Redgrave in "Kipps", directed by her then husband Carol Reed. After the War she enhanced the Technicolor elegance of Alexander Korda's "An Ideal Husband", as the wife in question, but her remaining film roles were small, usually providing graceful maternal support in roles in the 1950s such as "Tom Brown's Schooldays" and as the secretive mother, incredibly, of James Mason, in "Island in the Sun." On television she played the Empress Elizabeth of Austria in the Audrey Hepburn version of "Mayerling."

Her stage career, however, flourished after the War, and as a Shakespearian leading lady at Stratford, in London's West End, and on tour in Australia, she had her pick of star parts. Between 1948 and 1952 she memorably played Portia, Gertrude,Lady Macbeth, Katherine the shrew, Desdemona, Katherine of Aragon, Hermione in "The Winter's Tale", and perhaps most notably Beatrice to Gielgud's Benedick in "Much Ado About Nothing." In this production she succeeded her friend Peggy Ashcroft. She famously stumbled off the rostrum during the sleepwalking scene in Macbeth in 1948 and fell 15 feet - and continued.

Throughout the 1940s and 1950s she also had success in the works of several contemporary writers, including the British production of Tennessee Williams' "Camino Real." She died from renal disease in London,in 1964 aged 58, while rehearsing "The Master Builder" with Michael Redgrave and Maggie Smith as part of the new National Theatre company. Celia Johnson replaced her. Kidneys viewed from behind with spine removed The kidneys are bean-shaped excretory organs in vertebrates. ... A disease is an abnormal condition of the body or mind that causes discomfort, dysfunction, or distress to the person afflicted or those in contact with the person. ...

She was married to the English film director Sir Carol Reed from 3 February 1943 until August, 1947, and subsequently to the physician Tibor Csato. . Sir Carol Reed (30 December 1906 – 25 April 1976) was an English film director, winner of an Academy Award for his film version of the musical, Oliver! (1968). ... February 3 is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ...

  Results from FactBites:
Diana Wynyard - Biography - Moviefone (332 words)
Elegant and aristocratic British actress Diana Wynyard was on-stage from 1927, but made no films until she was brought "over the pond" to Hollywood in 1932.
Cavalcade locked Diana Wynyard into Greer Garson-type roles for the rest of her Hollywood career, though she carried such subsequent films as Reunion in Vienna (1933) and One More River (1934) with class and dignity.
Wynyard was superb, but the film was targeted for destruction by MGM when it remade Gaslight (with Ingrid Bergman in Wynyard's role) in 1944; fortunately, a few prints were illegally smuggled out of England and the film is still in existence.
  More results at FactBites »



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