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Encyclopedia > Diana (goddess)
Topics in Roman mythology
Important Gods:
Legendary History:
Roman religion
Greek/Roman myth compared


Diana was the equivalent in Roman mythology of the Greek Artemis (see Roman/Greek equivalency in mythology for more details). She was the daughter of Jupiter and Latona, and the twin sister of Apollo.


Diana was the goddess of the hunt, associated with wild animals and forests. She was also a moon goddess, and an emblem of chastity. Oak groves were especially sacred to her. She was praised for her strength, athletic grace, beauty and her hunting skills. With two other Roman deities she made up a trinity: Egeria the water nymph, her servant and assistant midwife; and Virbius, the woodland god.

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Classical Roman statue of Diana

Diana was worshipped in a temple on the Aventine Hill by mainly lower-class citizens and slaves. Slaves could receive asylum in her temples. She was worshipped at a festival on August 13.


Diana remains an important figure in some modern mythologies. In Freemasonry, she is considered a symbol of imagination, sensibility, and the creative insanity of poets and artists. Those who believe that prehistoric peoples lived in matriarchal societies consider Diana to have originated in a mother goddess worshipped at that time, and she is still worshiped today by women practicing the religion known as Dianic Wicca.

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Diana (right) as building decoration, here shown with Pomona

External link

  • 'Landscape with Diana and Callisto' (http://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/picture-of-month/displaypicture.asp?venue=7&id=130) at the Lady Lever Art Gallery (http://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/ladylever/index.asp)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Moon: Princess Diana - goddess.astrology.com (1111 words)
Goddess of the hunt and of the hunted, she was a consummate huntress.
A Cancer, Diana was drawn to children and worked in a day care center before her marriage and the birth of her two sons.
An avid swimmer, Diana was a sportswoman, which kept her coordinated and confident in the face of adversity.
The White Goddess - Aspects Of The Goddess - Diana - Goddess Of The Hunt. (307 words)
On the northern shores of Lake Nemi, Diana's Mirror, in Italy, stood the sacred grove and sanctuary of the Goddess Diana.
The Goddess Diana, is the Huntress and Goddess or fertility, childbirth and the wild woodlands and associated with the constellation of Ursa Major.
Diana is often depicted holding a torch, a symbolic reminder of the fiery nature of the Goddess.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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