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Encyclopedia > Dexter Gordon
Dexter Gordon

A Swingin' Affair (1962)
Background information
Born August 25, 1923(1923-08-25)
Origin Flag of United States Los Angeles, CA, USA
Died April 25, 1990 (aged 66)
Genre(s) swing, bop, hard bop
Occupation(s) Composer, bandleader, saxophonist, actor
Instrument(s) Tenor saxophone
Years active 1940 – 1986
Label(s) Blue Note, Savoy

Dexter Gordon (February 27, 1923April 25, 1990) was an American jazz tenor saxophonist, and an Academy Award-nominated actor. He is considered one of the first bebop tenor players. A famous photograph by Herman Leonard of Gordon smoking a cigarette during a set at the Royal Roost in New York City in 1948 is one of the more iconic images in the history of jazz. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the largest city in California. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Swing music, also known as swing jazz, is a form of jazz music that developed during the 1920s and had solidified as a distinctive style by 1935 in the United States. ... BOP or bop may refer to: bleeding on probing (used by Captain Jack) balance of payments an organised party or club night at the universities of Cambridge and Oxford Bebop, an early modern jazz developed in the 1940s Blowout preventer used in oil and gas drilling acronym for bird of... Hard bop is an extension of bebop (bop) music which incorporates influences from rhythm and blues, gospel music, and blues, especially in the saxophone and piano playing. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... A bandleader is the director of a band of musicians. ... A saxophonist is a musician who plays the saxophone. ... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... The tenor saxophone is a medium-sized member of the saxophone family, a group of instruments invented by Adolphe Sax. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Blue Note Records is a jazz record label, established in 1939 by Alfred Lion and Francis Wolff. ... Savoy Records the name of two record labels, one in the United States of America, and the other in the United Kingdom. ... is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The tenor saxophone is a medium-sized member of the saxophone family, a group of instruments invented by Adolphe Sax. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Bebop is a form of jazz characterized by fast tempos and improvisation based on harmonic structure rather than melody. ... Herman Leonard (born 1923 in Allentown, Pennsylvania) is an American photographer known for his portraits of jazz musicians. ...

Contents

Life and works

Gordon was born and grew up in Los Angeles, where his father was a doctor who counted Duke Ellington and Lionel Hampton among his patients. He played clarinet from the age of 13, before switching to saxophone (initially alto, then tenor) at 15. While still at school, he was playing in bands with such contemporaries as Chico Hamilton and Buddy Collette. [1] Foreststorn Hamilton, better known as Chico Hamilton (born September 21, 1921 in Los Angeles) is a jazz drummer. ... Buddy Collette (born William Marcel Collette August 6, 1921 in Los Angeles, California) is an American tenor saxophonist, flautist, and clarinetist. ...


Between 1940 and 1943, Gordon was a member of Lionel Hampton's band, playing in a saxophone section alongside Illinois Jacquet and Marshall Royal. In 1943 he made his first recordings under his own name, alongside Nat Cole and Harry Edison. During 1943-44 he featured in the Louis Armstrong and Fletcher Henderson bands, before joining Billy Eckstine. Lionel Hampton with George W. Bush Lionel Leo Hampton (April 20, 1908, Louisville, Kentucky – August 31, 2002 New York City), was a jazz bandleader and percussionist. ... Jean-Baptiste Illinois Jacquet (October 31, 1922 - July 22, 2004) was a jazz tenor saxophonist most famous for his solo on Flying Home. He is better known simply as Illinois Jacquet. ... Marshall Royal (12 May 1912–5 May 1995) was an American clarinettist and alto saxophonist best known for his work with Count Basie, with whose band he played for nearly twenty years. ... Nat King Cole in The Blue Gardenia (1953) Nat King Cole (March 17, 1919 – February 15, 1965) was a hugely popular American singer and jazz musician. ... Harry (Sweets) Edison (1915–1999) was an American jazz trumpeter. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Fletcher Hamilton Henderson, Jr. ... Billy Eckstine (8 July 1914 – 8 March 1993), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania as William Clarence Eckstein. ...


By 1945, Gordon had left the Eckstine band and was resident in New York, where he was performing and recording with Charlie Parker, as well as recording under his own name. Charles Bird Parker, Jr. ...


Gordon was a virtuoso particularly famous for his titanic saxophone duels with fellow tenorman Wardell Gray, that were a popular live attraction and that were documented in several albums between 1947 and 1952. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Many would characterise Gordon's sound as being 'large' and spacious (a feature partially owed to his physical stature), and his tendency to play behind the beat is discernible. One of his major influences was Lester Young. Gordon, in turn, was an early influence on John Coltrane during the 1940s and 1950s. Coltrane's playing, however, during his early period from the mid to late '50s or early '60s influenced Gordon's playing from then onward. Similarities in their styles include their clear, strong, metallic tones, their tendencies to bend up to high notes, and their abilities to single-tongue and still swing. One of Gordon's idiosyncrasies was to recite the lyrics of each ballad before playing it. Lester Young Lester Willis Young (August 27, 1909 – March 15, 1959), nicknamed Prez, was an American jazz tenor saxophonist and clarinetist. ... John William Coltrane (September 23, 1926 – July 17, 1967), nicknamed Trane, was an American jazz saxophonist and composer. ...


Gordon was composer, musician, and actor for the play 'The Connection' in 1960. After that, he spent 15 years in Europe, mostly in Paris and Copenhagen. Gordon played regularly with fellow expatriate jazzmen such as Bud Powell, Freddie Hubbard, Bobby Hutcherson, Kenny Drew, Horace Parlan and Billy Higgins. He also visited the States occasionally for recording dates, resulting in several albums being released under his name. Generally, the seven albums Gordon recorded for Blue Note Records in the 1960s (Doin' Alright, Dexter Calling..., Go, A Swingin' Affair, Our Man in Paris, One Flight Up, and Gettin' Around) are regarded as his finest sessions. Less well-known, but of similar quality, are the albums he recorded during the same period for the Danish label SteepleChase (Something Different, Bouncin' With Dex, and a few dozen others). They feature American sidemen but also such Europeans as Spanish pianist Tete Montoliu and Danish bassist Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Frederick Dewayne Hubbard (born April 7, 1938 in Indianapolis, Indiana) is an American jazz trumpeter. ... Bobby Hutcherson (born January 27, 1941 in Los Angeles) is a jazz vibraphone and marimba player. ... Kenneth Sidney (Kenny) Drew (August 28, 1928 - August 4, 1993) was an American jazz pianist from New York City. ... Horace Parlan (born 1931 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is an American jazz piano player. ... Billy Higgins (October 11, 1936–May 3, 2001) was an American jazz drummer. ... Blue Note Records is a jazz record label, established in 1939 by Alfred Lion and Francis Wolff. ... Go (1962) is an album by jazz musician Dexter Gordon. ... Cover of Tete Montolius 1996 CD Testimo tant. ... Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen (May 27, 1946 – April 19, 2005) was a Danish jazz bassist known for his impressive technique and an approach that could be considered an extension of the innovative work of Scott LaFaro. ...


Gordon finally returned to the United States for good in 1976, and appeared at the Village Vanguard, NY, for a gig that was dubbed as his 'homecoming'. He noted 'There was so much love and elation; sometimes it was a little eerie at the Vanguard. After the last set they'd turn on the lights and nobody would move'. After this appearance, Gordon recorded several more albums that proved he was as good if not better than before his years in Europe, and he finally gained appreciation as one of the great jazz tenors. The increased attention that he received because of Columbia Records promotions has been seen as a turning point in jazz because they focused on acoustic jazz rather than the commercial cross-over styles which had been heavily promoted during the first part of the 1970s. The Village Vanguard is a famous jazz club, located at 178 Seventh Avenue (just below W 11th St. ... Columbia Records is the oldest brand name in recorded sound, dating back to 1888, and was the first record company to produce pre-recorded records as opposed to blank cylinders. ...


Gordon made several notable film appearances. The first occurred, oddly enough, while he was in prison for possession of heroin. He portrayed an inmate playing in the prison band in Unchained, though the soundtrack was later overdubbed. In 1986, Gordon starred in the movie Round Midnight as 'Dale Turner', an expatriate jazz musician much like himself; the role might even be a thinly veiled biography of him, though Lester Young and Bud Powell were its main inspirations. Gordon received a nomination for Academy Award for Best Actor for his portrayal. In addition, he had a non-speaking role in the film Awakenings. Round Midnight is a 1986 film directed by Bertrand Tavernier that tells the story of a tenor saxophone player in Paris in the 1950s who is befriended by a poor Frenchman who idolizes the musician and tries to help him to get out of his life of alcohol abuse. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Lester Young Lester Willis Young (August 27, 1909 – March 15, 1959), nicknamed Prez, was an American jazz tenor saxophonist and clarinetist. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Academy Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role is one of the awards given to actors working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are actors and actresses. ... Awakenings is a 1990 film based on Oliver Sacks memoir, Awakenings, which tells the story of a doctor who in 1969 discovers beneficial effects of the then-new drug L-Dopa on patients who are catatonic after surviving the 1917-1928 epidemic of encephalitis lethargica. ...


Dexter Gordon's legacy was left with 5 children, from the oldest to the youngest, Robin Gordon (Los Angeles US) Deidre Gordon (Los Angeles US) [Mikael Gordon-Solfors] ( Stockholm Sweden ) Morten Gordon (Copenhagen Denmark ) Benjamin Gordon (Copenhagen Denmark )


Gordon is a member of the Jazz Hall of Fame, and was voted musician of the year by Down Beat magazine in 1978 and 1980. The Big Band and Jazz Hall of Fame is a non-profit organization founded in 1977 to promote greater awareness, knowledge, and appreciation of big band and jazz music.[1] The organization has inducted more than 200 individuals into its Hall of Fame, maintains an extensive biographical database, and aspires... Down Beat is an American magazine devoted to jazz. ...


Select Discography

  • Dexter Rides Again (1945)
  • The Chase (1947)
  • The Resurgence of Dexter Gordon (1960)
  • Doin' Allright (1961), Blue Note
  • Dexter Calling (1961), Blue Note
  • Go! (1962), Blue Note
  • A Swingin' Affair (1962), Blue Note
  • Our Man In Paris (1963), Blue Note
  • King Neptune (1964)
  • Gettin' Around (1965)
  • Tangerine (1965)
  • Something Different (1975), SteepleChase
  • Bouncin' with Dex (1975), SteepleChase
  • Homecoming: Live at the Village Vanguard (1976)
  • 'Round Midnight (1986)

As co-leader: Go (1962) is an album by jazz musician Dexter Gordon. ...

True Blue is a jazz album by the late saxophonist Dexter Gordon and saxophonist Al Cohn, recorded in 1976 for Xanadu Records. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Xanadu Records was a jazz music record label specializing in bebop throughout the 1970s and 1980s founded by Don Schlitten, recording and issuing recordings by some legendary names in jazz music such as Dexter Gordon, Al Cohn, Sonny Criss, Shorty Rogers, Charles McPherson, Jimmy Raney, Art Pepper, Ted Dunbar, Bob... Silver Blue is a jazz album by saxophonist Al Cohn and Dexter Gordon, recorded in 1976 for Xanadu Records. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Xanadu Records was a jazz music record label specializing in bebop throughout the 1970s and 1980s founded by Don Schlitten, recording and issuing recordings by some legendary names in jazz music such as Dexter Gordon, Al Cohn, Sonny Criss, Shorty Rogers, Charles McPherson, Jimmy Raney, Art Pepper, Ted Dunbar, Bob...

Trivia

  • Gordon's height was 6 feet 5 inches and consequently was known as 'Long Tall Dexter'.
  • When he lived in Denmark, he became friends with the family of then-future Metallica drummer Lars Ulrich, and subsequently became Lars's godfather.

Metallica is a Grammy Award-winning American heavy metal/thrash metal band formed in 1981[1] and has become one of the most commercially successful musical acts of recent decades. ... Lars Ulrich (born December 26, 1963) is the drummer and co-founder of Metallica. ...

Quotations

Dexter always had that big sound, from the early days. He's a big man. Stands to reason he's gotta lot of lungs
Zoot Sims on Gordon's unique sound.

John Haley Zoot Sims was an American jazz musician. ...

References

  1. ^ Joop Visser, essay booklet with Settin' the Pace

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Dexter Gordon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (588 words)
Gordon is particularly famous for his titanic saxophone duels with fellow tenorman Wardell Gray, which were a popular live attraction that also produced several albums between 1947 and 1952.
Gordon finally returned to the United States for good in 1976, and appeared in the Village Vanguard, NY for a gig that was dubbed as his 'homecoming'.
Gordon is a member of the Jazz Hall of Fame, and was voted musician of the year by 'Down Beat' magazine in 1978 and 1980.
Dexter Gordon - Wikipedia (375 words)
1962 tourte Dexter Gordon in Europa, wo er die meiste Zeit in den nächsten 15 Jahren verbrachte.
Dexter Gordons Klang war voluminös mit einer Tendenz leicht "zurück", d.h.
Ein liebenswerter Tick Gordons war, vor dem Spielen eines Jazz-Standards zuerst den Text zu rezitieren.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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